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Wu Ping P Department of Thermal Science and Energy Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230027, China. - - 2013
We present an off-the-shelf device combined with some commercial adapters that performs as a micro droplet generator. The advantage of this unit lies in that it is assembled conveniently, connected elegantly with other droplet detection equipment, and it is high-pressure enduring. Most importantly, this Micro-Cross circumvents the problem of hydrophilicity ...
Goessler Karla Fabiana KF a Department of Physical Education, Physical Education and Sports Center, State University of Londrina, Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid, PR 445 Km 380, CEP 86051-990, Londrina-PR, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether exercise training combined with beta-blocker treatment promotes additional cardiovascular benefits compared with either intervention on its own. For this we used 76 Wistar rats distributed among different groups: normotensive sedentary (NS), normotensive trained (NT), normotensive sedentary treated with beta-blocker (NS_BB), normotensive ...
Engelhard Georg H GH Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), Pakefield Road, Lowestoft, NR33 0HT, - - 2013
Globally, spatial distributions of fish stocks are shifting; but although the role of climate change in range shifts is increasingly appreciated, little remains known of the likely additional impact that high levels of fishing pressure might have on distribution. For North Sea cod we show for the first time and ...
Ye Rui R State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Department of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, - - 2013
Chondrocytes integrate numerous microenvironmental cues to mount physiologically relevant differentiation responses, and the regulation of mechanical signaling in chondrogenic differentiation is now coming into intensive focus. To facilitate tissue engineered chondrogenesis by mechanical strategy, a thorough understanding about the interactional roles of chemical factors under mechanical stimuli in regulating chondrogenesis ...
Liang Sai - - 2013
China's unprecedented change offers a unique opportunity for uncovering relationships between economic growth and environmental pressure. Here we show the trajectories of China's environmental pressure and reveal underlying socioeconomic drivers during 1992-2010. Mining and manufacturing industries are the main contributors to increasing environmental pressure from the producer perspective. Changes in ...
Dean Sally C SC Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's, University of London, London, - - 2013
Although practice nurses are increasingly involved in hypertension management, there is little robust evidence of effectiveness.Objective. To evaluate the effect of a specialist nurse-led hypertension clinic with consultant backup on change in systolic blood pressure. Randomized trial. Two inner city general practices.Participants.Three hundred and fifty-three patients, mean age 62 years ...
Gee Marianne E ME Departments of aPublic Health Sciences bEmergency Medicine cFamily Medicine dSchool of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario eDepartments of Medicine, Community Health Sciences and of Physiology and Pharmacology, Libin Cardiovascular Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to estimate the validity of self-reported blood pressure control and medication use in people with hypertension, with and without diabetes. In a sample of 161 patients with hypertension in a family health team in Ontario, we applied questions from the 2009 Survey on Living ...
Tomas-Navarro Maria - - 2013
The effect of two technological treatments on orange juice flavanone bioavailability in humans was assessed. Processing affected flavanone solubility and particle size of the cloud. Volunteers were stratified in high, medium, and low urinary excretion capabilities. Flavanones from high pressure homogenized juice showed better absorption than those of conventional pasteurized ...
Wiklendt Lukasz - - 2013
Contractions and relaxations of the muscle layers within the digestive tract alter the external diameter and the internal pressures. These changes in diameter and pressure move digesting food and waste products. Defining these complex relationships is a fundamental step for neurogastroenterologists to be able define normal and abnormal gut motility. ...
Raza Zamaan Z Institut de Minéralogie et de Physique des Milieux Condensés (IMPMC), Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris cedex 05, - - 2013
Carbon monoxide and nitrogen are among the potentially interesting high-energy density materials. However, in spite of the physical similarities of the molecules, they behave very differently at high pressures. Using density functional theory and structural prediction methods, we examine the ability of these systems to combine their respective properties and ...
Epelbaum Thomas T Institut de Physique Théorique, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, - - 2013
The early stages of high energy heavy ion collisions are studied in the color glass condensate framework, with a real-time classical lattice simulation. When increasing the coupling constant, we observe a rapid increase of the ratio of longitudinal to transverse pressure. The transient regime that precedes this behavior is of ...
Moulton Steven L - - 2013
Hemorrhage is a leading cause of traumatic death. We hypothesized that state-of-the-art feature extraction and machine learning techniques could be used to discover, detect, and continuously trend beat-to-beat changes in arterial pulse waveforms associated with the progression to hemodynamic decompensation. We exposed 184 healthy humans to progressive central hypovolemia using ...
Zhao Qili Q Tianjin Key Laboratory of Intelligent Robotics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, - - 2013
This paper presents a novel micropipette aspiration (MA) method based on a common pneumatic micro-injection system. This method is the first to quantify the influence of capillary effect on aspiration pressure using a balance pressure model, and in return, uses the capillary effect to quantify the aspiration pressure. Subsequently, the ...
Goldin Matías A MA Laboratorio de Sistemas Dinámicos, IFIBA y Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón 1, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, - - 2013
We studied the pressure patterns used by domestic canaries in the production of birdsong. Acoustically different sound elements ("syllables") were generated by qualitatively different pressure gestures. We found that some ubiquitous transitions between syllables can be interpreted as bifurcations of a low dimensional dynamical system. We interpreted these results as ...
Plantier F F Univ Pau & Pays Adour, CNRS, TOTAL - UMR 5150 - LFC-R - Laboratoire des Fluides Complexes et leurs Réservoirs, BP 1155 - PAU, F-64013, - - 2013
A novel prototype of calorimetric cell has been developed allowing experiments under pressure with an in situ agitation system and a dynamic control of the pressure inside the cell. The use of such a system opens a wide range of potential practical applications for determining properties of complex fluids in ...
Tripathi D - - 2013
This article studies theoretically the transportation of rheological viscoplastic fluids through physiological vessels by continuous muscle contraction and relaxation, that is, peristalsis. Both cases of planar and cylindrical physiological vessels are considered. A mathematical model is developed under long wavelength and low Reynolds number approximations. Expressions for axial velocity in ...
Sebo Paul - - 2013
To evaluate the accuracy of blood pressure (BP) measurements performed by primary care physicians (PCPs), and to assess whether it improves following a short theoretical training. Observational study in 26 primary care practices in Geneva, Switzerland. The PCPs were asked to measure BP on 10 volunteers, within the usual context ...
Ahmed Afsana - - 2013
Volumetric hydrogen capacity remains one of the most challenging criteria for on-board hydrogen storage system requirements. Here a new concept for hydrogen storage of porous aromatic frameworks (PAFs) impregnated with lithium-decorated fullerenes (Li6C60), is described. The loading of Li6C60 and the effect on adsorption of hydrogen (H2) has been investigated ...
Patel Vinay Kumar - - 2013
In this work we demonstrate the development of high-performance nanothermite composites derived from super-reactive CuO nanorods oxidizers fabricated by simple biogenic routes using Aloe vera plant extracts. Nanorods of various length-scales have been realized via simple sonoemulsion and solid-state biosynthesis routes using Aloe vera gel as a green surfactant promoting ...
Křížek Martin M Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Applied Chemistry, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31a, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effects of vacuum packaging followed by high pressure processing on the shelf-life of fillets of pike (Esox lucius) were examined. Samples were pressure-treated at 300 and 500MPa and stored at 3.5 and 12°C for up to 70days. The content of eight biogenic amines (putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine, spermine, histamine, tyramine, ...
He Guizhen - - 2013
In China, rural chemical SMEs are often believed to still largely operate below the sustainability radar. This paper investigates to what extent and how chemical SMEs are already experiencing pressure to improve their environmental performance, using an in-depth case study in Jasmine County, Hebei province. The results show that local ...
Fernández L F - - 2013
To study Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) essential oil effect on primary hypotension and its influence on both physical and psychological aspects responsible of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients. Thirty-two patients with diagnosed hypotension were recruited between March 2007 and September 2008 for a prospective study for 72 weeks in ...
Sousa Sílvia G SG QOPNA, Departamento de Química, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, - - 2014
Human milk, and particularly human colostrum, is the gold standard for newborn nourishment. Colostrum contains the highest concentration of immune factors, being the most potent immune booster known to science. In this work, we investigated Holder pasteurisation and high-pressure processing (HPP) effects on colostral IgA, IgM, IgG, lysozyme and lactoperoxidase. ...
Sondergaard Soren - - 2013
Hemodynamic management of critically ill patients in the ICU or high-risk patients in the operating room has paradoxically shown progress in terms of outcome after the systematic application of volume responsiveness/flow optimization based on pulse pressure variation and/or stroke volume variation during controlled, positive-pressure ventilation in patients without spontaneous respiratory ...
Bedo Joan - - 2013
During 2009, Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells NHS Trust reviewed its pressure ulcer prevention strategy; this included patient interventions and equipment provision. Standard hospital mattresses were requiring replacement and dynamics were used frequently, while the overall prevalence of pressure damage remained high. Replacing the standard foam mattress with a non-powered pressure-redistributing ...
Shah Bimal R - - 2013
Background-Despite the widespread availability of effective and affordable therapies, hypertension remains this country's most significant modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. Approximately 30% to 50% of individuals with hypertension currently fail to reach guideline-recommended target blood pressure (BP) goals. Although multiple interventions have been proposed to affect better hypertension control, the integration ...
North Frederick - - 2013
Abstract Telemedicine practitioners are familiar with multiple barriers to delivering care at a distance. Licensing and reimbursement barriers are well known and are being addressed at national and state levels by the American Telemedicine Association. Another telemedicine barrier comes in the form of quality measures for diabetes. Minnesota medical practices ...
Sanloup Chrystèle - - 2013
Silicate liquids play a key part at all stages of deep Earth evolution, ranging from core and crust formation billions of years ago to present-day volcanic activity. Quantitative models of these processes require knowledge of the structural changes and compression mechanisms that take place in liquid silicates at the high ...
Wiebke Jonas - - 2013
Putting the bite on argon: Ab initio Monte Carlo simulations of superheated argon crystals at up to 100 GPa suggest that theory can provide a more accurate picture of high-pressure melting than modern diamond-anvil cell experiments.
Tarnacka M - - 2013
Comprehensive molecular dynamics studies of vitrified and cryogrounded itraconazole (Itr) were performed at ambient and elevated pressure. DSC measurements yielded besides melting and glass transition observed during heating and cooling of both samples two further endothermic events at around T = 363 K and T = 346 K. The nature ...
Taylor Johanne J NSW Department of Primary Industries, Head Office, 161 Kite Street, Orange, NSW 2800 Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
SmartShape™ is a novel meat processing technology that uses air pressure to compress and elongate whole cold-boned primals and packages them to retain form. A two stage study was conducted. The first stage established the ability of the SmartShape™ treated beef cube roll (m. longissimus lumborum) to retain shape in ...
Wittmer J P - - 2013
Presenting simple coarse-grained models of isotropic solids and fluids in d = 1 , 2 and 3 dimensions we investigate the correlations of the instantaneous pressure and its ideal and excess contributions at either imposed pressure (NPT-ensemble, λ = 0 or volume (NVT-ensemble, λ = 1 and for more general ...
De Sio S - - 2013
Background: The occupational exposure to urban pollution may induce adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. Methods: Basal blood pressure, electrocardiogram (ECG) and the dynamic blood pressure monitoring during the work shift of 16 policemen (outdoors workers) and 16 administrative employees (indoor workers) were compared. Results: The mean value of all ...
Zhang Tianyang - - 2013
As an important part of pulsed power systems, high-voltage and high-current triggered spark gap switch and its trigger system are expected to achieve a compact structure. In this paper, a high-voltage, high-current, and compact electromagnetically actuated spark gap switch is put forward, and it can be applied as a part ...
Lacroix Daniel - - 2013
The response times of pressure-sensitive particles to passing shockwaves were measured to investigate their ability to accurately determine pressure changes in unsteady flows. The particles tested were loaded with novel pressure-sensitive dyes such as Pt (II) meso-tetra(pentafluorophenyl)porphine, Pt(II) octaethylporphine, bis(3,5-difluoro-2-(2-pyridyl)phenyl-(2-carboxypyridyl))iridium III, and iridium(III) bis(4-phenylthieno[3,2-c] pyridinato-N,C2')acetylacetonate. For this work, porous silicon ...
Voskuilen Tyler G - - 2013
Analysis techniques for determining gas-solid reaction rates from gas sorption measurements obtained under non-constant pressure and temperature conditions often neglect temporal variations in these quantities. Depending on the materials in question, this can lead to significant variations in the measured reaction rates. In this work, we present two new analysis ...
W Van Biesen VB ERBP Methods Support Team, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium, Renal Division, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent Belgium, - - 2013
Background: Hypertension is a prevalent problem with huge impact on health and health care budgets. Several guidelines on how to manage blood pressure have been published, and it is unclear which one should be preferred. Methods: Eight guidelines dealing with blood pressure management of chronic kidney disease patients were evaluated ...
Estañol Bruno - - 2013
Very few discoveries have had such a large impact on and relevance to clinical medicine as the noninvasive measurement of the diastolic blood pressure. A number of gifted physiologists and clinicians were ineffectively in search of a noninvasive method to determine the diastolic pressure. Nonetheless, the quantification of the diastolic ...
Binder Corinna - - 2013
To investigate if external chest compressions (ECC) increase mask leak, and if human or technical feedback improves mask ventilation during simulated neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In this observational study, 32 participants delivered positive pressure ventilation (PPV) to a modified, leak-free manikin via facemask. Mask leak, tidal volume (VT), positive end ...
Takahashi Shuntaro - - 2013
Under pressure: A DNA G-quadruplex was unfolded under high pressure, but crowding conditions repressed this effect owing to enthalpic contributions. Volumetric analysis showed that ethylene glycol or poly(ethylene glycol) decreased the volume change of the transition by more than four-fold owing to the alteration of the number and/or radii of ...
Freeman Shane R SR Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Ave., Windsor, Ontario, Canada N9B 3P4. Electronic address: - - 2014
Long-term care (LTC) facilities house individuals with diverse combinations of cognitive and physical impairments, and the practice of Seated Qigong eliminates common exercise barriers. This study hypothesized: 1) a single session would lower blood pressure (BP) and improve quality of life (QOL) in a generalized LTC population, and 2) these ...
Leung Gilberto K K - - 2013
Background: Blood pressure measurement is an essential clinical skill that can readily be assessed in objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). While the use of simulators can enhance test validity and reliability, the given clinical context may also affect student performance. Aims: To investigate the impact of variations in clinical context ...
Sun Jian - - 2013
The phase diagram and equation of state of dense nitrogen are of interest in understanding the fundamental physics and chemistry under extreme conditions, including planetary processes, and in discovering new materials. We predict several stable phases of nitrogen at multi-TPa pressures, including a P4/nbm structure consisting of partially charged N_{2}^{δ+} ...
Tocci Giuliano - - 2013
Hypertension management and control still represents a major clinical challenge for physicians, as well as for National Health Care Systems, since high blood pressure (BP) levels in treated uncontrolled outpatients are related to a persistently increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) events. The Italian Society of Hypertension (SIIA) has prompted several ...
Errandonea Daniel - - 2013
A new wolframite-type polymorph of InVO4 is identified under compression near 7 GPa by in situ high-pressure (HP) X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopic investigations on the stable orthorhombic InVO4. The structural transition is accompanied by a large volume collapse (ΔV/V = -14%) and a drastic increase in bulk modulus ...
Santra Biswajit - - 2013
Density-functional theory (DFT) has been widely used to study water and ice for at least 20 years. However, the reliability of different DFT exchange-correlation (xc) functionals for water remains a matter of considerable debate. This is particularly true in light of the recent development of DFT based methods that account ...
Han Sanguk - - 2013
It is not unusual to observe that actual schedule and quality performances are different from planned performances (e.g., schedule delay and rework) during a construction project. Such differences often result in production pressure (e.g., being pressed to work faster). Previous studies demonstrated that such production pressure negatively affects safety performance. ...
Zhao Hong Jian - - 2013
The dependence of structural and magnetic properties of rare-earth orthoferrites (in their Pbnm ground state) on the rare-earth ionic radius is systematically investigated from first principles. The effects of this 'chemical pressure' on lattice constants, Fe-O bond lengths, Fe-O-Fe bond angles and Fe-O bond length splittings are all well reproduced ...
Franceschini Nora - - 2013
Hypertension is a complex trait that is influenced by both heritable and environmental factors. The search for genes accounting for the susceptibility to hypertension has driven parallel efforts in human research and in research using experimental animals in controlled environmental settings. Evidence from rodent models of genetic hypertension and human ...
Long Yun - - 2013
Experiments and simulations both suggest that the pressure experienced by an adsorbed phase confined within a carbon nanoporous material can be several orders of magnitude larger than the bulk phase pressure in equilibrium with the system. To investigate this pressure enhancement, we report a molecular-simulation study of the pressure tensor ...
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