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Leite N M NM Research Center in Sport Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of defensive pressure on movement behaviour during an under-18 basketball game. 20 international male players (age: M=16.05, SD=2.09 years old; weekly practice: M=10.9, SD=1.94 h; playing experience: M=7.1, SD=1.1 years) played two 10-min basketball quarters, using man-to-man ¼-court for the first ...
Ostadabbas Sarah - - 2014
It is known that prolonged pressure on the plantar area is one of the main factors in developing foot ulcers. With current technology, electronic pressure monitoring systems can be placed as an insole into regular shoes to continuously monitor the plantar area and provide evidence on ulcer formation process as ...
Zhao Z Z Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Photon Science and Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, - - 2014
We conducted in situ angle dispersive high pressure x-ray diffraction experiments on Sr3Ir2O7 up to 23.1 GPa at 25 K with neon as the pressure transmitting medium. Pressure induces a highly anisotropic compressional behavior seen where the tetragonal plane is compressed much faster than the perpendicular direction. By analyzing different aspects of ...
Isaacs R A RA Department of Anaesthesia, Poole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Poole, UK; School of Health and Social Care, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, - - 2014
The Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in the UK have recommended obstetric early warning systems for early identification of clinical deterioration to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality. This survey explored early warning systems currently used by maternity units in the UK. An electronic questionnaire was sent to all 205 lead ...
Sciortino Natasha F NF School of Chemistry, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia), Fax: - - 2014
Two new isostructural iron(II) spin-crossover (SCO) framework (SCOF) materials of the type [Fe(dpms)2 (NCX)2 ] (dpms=4,4'-dipyridylmethyl sulfide; X=S (SCOF-6(S)), X=Se (SCOF-6(Se))) have been synthesized. The 2D framework materials consist of undulating and interpenetrated rhomboid (4,4) nets. SCOF-6(S) displays an incomplete SCO transition with only approximately 30 % conversion of high-spin (HS) to ...
Czaja Sara J SJ Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, - - 2014
We conducted a feasibility study of a home telehealth system that monitored blood pressure and bodyweight. A total of 34 participants with hypertension (10 males and 24 females) had the telemedicine system installed in their homes. Their mean age was 72 years and 94% of them self-identified as Hispanic. The ...
Beck Erlach Markus - - 2014
NMR chemical shift analysis is a powerful method to investigate local changes in the environment of the observed nuclear spin of a polypeptide that are induced by application of high hydrostatic pressure. Usually, in the fast exchange regime the pressure dependence of chemical shifts is analyzed by a second order ...
Achilli Andrea - - 2014
A pilot system was designed and constructed to evaluate reverse osmosis (RO) energy reduction that can be achieved using pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO). The RO-PRO experimental system is the first known system to utilize energy from a volume of water transferred from atmospheric pressure to elevated pressure across a semi-permeable membrane ...
Ding Yiting Y Department of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China; Center for Nano and Micro Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, - - 2014
The Scholander-Hammel pressure chamber has been used in thousands of papers to measure osmotic pressure, πc , turgor pressure, Pt , and bulk modulus of elasticity, ε, of leaf cells by pressure-volume (PV) curve analysis. PV analysis has been questioned in the past. In this paper we use micromechanical analysis ...
Sim John J JJ Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The past decade has seen hypertension improving in the United States where control is approximately 50%. Kaiser Permanente has mirrored and exceeded these national advances in control. Integrated models of care such as Kaiser Permanente and the Veterans Administration health systems have demonstrated the greatest hypertension outcomes. We detail the ...
Dean Erin - - 2014
NURSING LEADERS are always busy. Balancing pressures, demands and responsibilities is part of their work. How effectively they can cope is often described as how resilient they are.
Hu Chuntian C Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, The University of Alabama, Box 870203, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA. - - 2014
The deposition of asphaltenes in porous media, an important problem in science and macromolecular engineering, was for the first time investigated in a transparent packed-bed microreactor (μPBR) with online analytics to generate high-throughput information. Residence time distributions of the μPBR before and after loading with ~29 μm quartz particles were ...
Gouni Vassiliki V 1Alfort Cardiology Unit (UCA), Central University Veterinary Hospital of Alfort (CHUVA), National Veterinary School of Alfort, Paris-Est University, Maisons-Alfort, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the influence of the observer's level of experience on within- and between-day variability, and the percentage of successful systolic (SAP) and diastolic arterial blood pressure (DAP) measurements obtained by Doppler ultrasonography (DU) in awake cats. For this purpose, six healthy, conscious cats ...
He Chunlin C Department of Chemistry, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-2343 - - 2014
The effective application of biocidal species requires building the active moiety into a molecular back bone that can be delivered and decomposed on demand under conditions of low pressure and prolonged high-temperature detonation. The goal is to destroy storage facilities and their contents while utilizing the biocidal products arising from ...
Chen Yuanzheng Y State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, People's Republic of - - 2014
In situ high pressure Raman spectra of tetramethylurea have been measured up to 25 GPa, liquid-solid and solid-solid phase transitions were detected at 0.2 GPa and 7.4 GPa, respectively. An unprecedented spectral phenomenon is the observation of a Fermi resonance between the fundamental modes. An exponential relationship between the intensity ...
Muniz-Terrera Graciela G 1MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing at UCL, London, - - 2014
No single study has collected data over individuals' entire lifespans. To understand changes over the entire life course, it is necessary to combine data from various studies that cover the whole life course. Such combination may be methodologically challenging due to potential differences in study protocols, information available and instruments ...
D'Sa Dexter J DJ Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Sydney, Pharmacy and Bank Building A15, Science Road, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia, - - 2014
The techniques available to study formulation stability in pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDIs) are limited, due to the challenging conditions of working with high pressure propellants. Isothermal microcalorimetry is a valuable tool used to screen and aid in formulation development of solid and solution drug formulations; however there are currently ...
Sánchez Celia C AZTI-Tecnalia Food Research Institute, Parque Tecnológico de Bizkaia, Astondo Bidea, Edificio 609, 48160 Derio, Bizkaia, - - 2014
The effect of High Pressure (HP) and High Pressure High Temperature (HPHT) processing on carotenoid and chlorophyll content of six vegetables was evaluated. In general, carotenoid content was not significantly influenced by HP or HPHT treatments (625 MPa; 5 min; 20, 70 and 117 °C). Regarding chlorophylls, HP treatment caused ...
Gaudino Stefano S Department of Agriculture, Forest and Food Sciences, University of Turin, via L. Da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco, TO, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dairy farms control an important share of the agricultural area of Northern Italy. Zero grazing, large maize-cropped areas, high stocking densities, and high milk production make them intensive and prone to impact the environment. Currently, few published studies have proposed indicator sets able to describe the entire dairy farm system ...
Chen Mengjiao M MOE Key Laboratory for Modern Teaching Technology and College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, 710062, - - 2014
Many receptors, including thermal receptors and mechanical receptors, are only activated by stimuli within a clearly defined range of intensities. Differences in the receptive ranges enable individual receptors and their sensory centers to precisely detect the intensity of the stimulus and changes in intensity. Baroreceptors are the sensory terminals of ...
Gordon Andrew A Department of Physics, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, Brooklyn, New York 11210, - - 2014
We perform out-of-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of a monatomic liquid that exhibits liquid and glass polymorphism, with two distinct glasses, low- (LDA) and high-density (HDA) amorphous solids. By performing isobaric heating simulations of LDA and HDA at different pressures, we determine (a) the glass transition temperature of LDA and HDA, ...
Ngema P T PT School of Engineering, Thermodynamics Research Unit, University of KwaZulu Natal, ZA-4041 Durban, South - - 2014
The measurements of hydrate dissociation points are generally achieved using the well-established isochoric method. This method implies determination of the total pressure of the system under study, as a function of temperature. It is quite time consuming, especially at higher pressures. Working at higher pressures requires equilibrium cells with thicker ...
Jacobsen Matthew K MK School of Engineering and CSEC, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United - - 2014
Pressure generation at cryogenic temperatures presents a problem for a wide array of experimental techniques, particularly neutron studies due to the volume of sample required. We present a novel, compact pressure cell with a large sample volume in which load is generated by a bellow. Using a supply of helium ...
Cox Jonathan T JT Biological Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, 99352, - - 2014
Arrays of chemically etched emitters with individualized sheath gas capillaries were developed to enhance electrospray ionization (ESI) efficiency at subambient pressures. By incorporating the new emitter array in a subambient pressure ionization with nanoelectrospray (SPIN) source, both ionization efficiency and ion transmission efficiency were significantly increased, providing enhanced sensitivity in ...
Hobbs M L ML Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185, - - 2014
Ignition experiments from various sources, including our own laboratory, have been used to develop a simple four-step, pressure-dependent ignition model for PBX 9502, which is composed of 95% by mass triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB) and a 5% by mass chlorotrifluoroethylene/vinylidine fluoride binder. The four-steps include drying, mono-furazan formation, and decomposition of mono-furazan ...
Erba A A Dipartimento di Chimica and Centre of Excellence NIS (Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces), Università di Torino, via Giuria 5, IT-10125 Torino, - - 2014
A computational strategy is devised for the accurate ab initio simulation of elastic properties of crystalline materials under pressure. The proposed scheme, based on the evaluation of the analytical stress tensor and on the automated computation of pressure-dependent elastic stiffness constants, is implemented in the CRYSTAL solid state quantum-chemical program. ...
Stankovich Joseph J JJ Department of Chemistry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, - - 2014
A critical aspect in fast gradient separations carried out under constant pressure, in the very high pressure liquid chromatography (VHPLC) mode is that time-based chromatograms may not yield highly reproducible separations. A proposed solution to improve the reproducibility of these separations involves plotting the chromatograms as functions of the volume ...
Diogo H H University of Azores, Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, Rua Prof. Doutor Frederico Machado, 9901-862 Horta, - - 2014
Recreational inshore fishing activities practiced on Faial and Pico Islands (Azorean archipelago) were surveyed between October 2004 and September 2005. Recreational inshore fishers employ three main methods of fishing (shore angling, spear fishing and intertidal collecting). The method that demanded the highest fishing effort (number of fishing operations) was shore ...
Gong Jicheng - - 2014
Using a quasi-experimental opportunity offered by greatly restricted air pollution emissions during the Beijing Olympics compared to before and after the Olympics, we conducted the current study to compare ultrafine particles (UFPs) and fine particles (PM2.5) in their associations with biomarkers reflecting multiple pathophysiological pathways linking exposure and cardiorespiratory events. ...
Cao Qi-Long QL Key Laboratory of Computational Physics, Yibin University, Yibin 644000, - - 2014
Molecular dynamics simulations were applied to study the structural and transport properties, including the pair distribution function, the structure factor, the pair correlation entropy, self-diffusion coefficient, and viscosity, of liquid iron under high temperature and high pressure conditions. Our calculated results reproduced experimentally determined structure factors of liquid iron, and ...
Volpp Kevin G KG University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The Counseling African Americans to Control Hypertension (CAATCH) study by Ogedegbe et al in this issue of Circulation represents a carefully done study which had many strengths. It recognized that African Americans have the highest prevalence of hypertension (HTN)(1) and that poor hypertension-related outcomes explain most of the racial gap ...
Lerch Michael T MT Jules Stein Eye Institute and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA - - 2014
The dominance of a single native state for most proteins under ambient conditions belies the functional importance of higher-energy conformational states (excited states), which often are too sparsely populated to allow spectroscopic investigation. Application of high hydrostatic pressure increases the population of excited states for study, but structural characterization is ...
Hao Kun K State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Key Lab of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, - - 2014
The goal of this study was to establish an integrated indirect response pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model between telmisartan and hydrochlorothiazide to describe the antihypertensive interaction of these two drugs in spontaneously hypertensive rats. The blood pressure and plasma concentrations were measured by the tail-cuff test and high performance liquid chromatographyߝmass spectrometry, respectively, ...
Buser Jonas Y JY Eli Lilly & Company, LCC, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285, USA. - - 2014
This communication describes an in situ method for direct observation and quantitation of dissolved H2 at high pressure with concurrent monitoring and characterization of organic reactions. This capability also allows for direct measurement of kLa values and provides insight into reactions that was not previously attainable.
Möller Johannes J Fakultät Physik/DELTA, TU Dortmund, Maria-Goeppert-Mayer-Str. 2, D-44221 Dortmund, - - 2014
We present a study on ion specific effects on the intermolecular interaction potential V(r) of dense protein solutions under high hydrostatic pressure conditions. Small-angle X-ray scattering in combination with a liquid-state theoretical approach was used to determine the effect of structure breaking/making salt anions (Cl(-), SO4(2-), PO4(3-)) on the intermolecular ...
Anchala Raghupathy R aDepartment of Public Health & Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Strangeways Research Laboratory, Wort's Causeway, Cambridge, UK bPublic Health Foundation of India, Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, India cDepartment of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands dCentre for Chronic Disease Control, New Delhi, - - 2014
A region-specific (urban and rural parts of north, east, west, and south India) systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension among Indian patients have not been done before. Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus databases from 1950 to 30 April 2013 were searched for 'prevalence, ...
do Lago Claudimir Lucio CL Departamento de Química Fundamental-Instituto de Química-Universidade de São Paulo, Av., Prof. Lineu Prestes, 748, CEP 05508-000, São Paulo-SP, - - 2014
Electrospray ionization (ESI) sources continuously consume the liquid at the tip of the capillary, which causes the dragging of the BGE. The laminar nature of this flow causes the broadening of the peaks and loss of separation efficiency. The usual solution for this problem is to compensate this phenomenon by ...
Graziano Giuseppe G Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie, Università del Sannio, Via Port'Arsa 11, 82100 Benevento, - - 2014
At room temperature, the Ben-Naim standard hydration Gibbs energy of methane is a positive quantity that increases markedly with hydrostatic pressure [M. S. Moghaddam and H. S. Chan, J. Chem. Phys. 126, 114507 (2007)]. This finding is rationalized by showing that the magnitude of the reversible work to create a ...
Fairclough Stephen H SH School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
A study was conducted to investigate the potential of mood induction via music to influence cardiovascular correlates of negative emotions experience during driving behaviour. One hundred participants were randomly assigned to one of five groups, four of whom experienced different categories of music: High activation/positive valence (HA/PV), high activation/negative valence ...
Ihmsen Markus M University of Freiburg, - - 2014
We propose a novel formulation of the projection method for Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH). We combine a symmetric SPH pressure force and an SPH discretization of the continuity equation to obtain a discretized form of the pressure Poisson equation (PPE). In contrast to previous projection schemes, our system does consider ...
Carlson Debra J DJ School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, - - 2014
To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis quantifying the effects of isometric resistance training on the change in systolic blood pressure(SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure in subclinical populations and to examine whether the magnitude of change in SBP and DBP was different with respect to blood ...
Cugmas Blaž - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Review of the existing studies on the contact pressure-induced changes in the optical properties of biological tissues showed that the reported changes in transmittance, reflectance, absorption, and scattering coefficient are vastly inconsistent. In order to gain more insight into the contact pressure-induced changes observed in biomedical applications involving common ...
Tyagi Anupama - - 2014
Lifestyle modification is a cornerstone of hypertension (HPT) treatment, yet most recommendations currently focus on diet and exercise and do not consider stress reduction strategies. Yoga is a spiritual path that may reduce blood pressure (BP) through reducing stress, increasing parasympathetic activation, and altering baroreceptor sensitivity; however, despite reviews on ...
Parshintsev Jevgeni J Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, PO Box 55, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, FI-00014, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
A method is described to determine vapor pressures of compounds in multicomponent systems simultaneously. The method is based on temperature-gradient analysis by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC-TOFMS). Vapor pressures are determined with the aid of known vapor pressure values of reference compounds eluting before and ...
Roehr Charles Christoph CC Neonatal Research Unit, The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medical Centre, Berlin, - - 2014
Resuscitation guidelines recommend 90 chest compressions (CCs) and 30 inflations (INFs) per minute for neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (nCPR). We hypothesised that auditory prompts would help coordinate these actions. Our aim was to investigate the effect of musical prompts during nCPR training on adherence to recommended CC and INF rates and ...
Bengtsson Ulrika U Institute of Health and Care Science, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg , - - 2014
Low adherence remains a struggle in hypertension management, despite improvement efforts. Presuming that increased patient participation is a possible approach, we collaborated with patients and healthcare professionals to design a self-report system to support self-management. The study aimed to explore and describe relevant aspects of hypertension and hypertension treatment, for ...
Xu Ke K The State Key Lab of Chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. xujianhong@tsinghua.edu.cn - - 2014
In this study, we developed a new method for the direct measurement of differential pressures in a co-flow junction microfluidic device using a Capillary Laplace Gauge (CLG). The CLG - used inside the microchannel device - was designed using a tapered glass-capillary set up in co-flow junction architecture with a ...
Giri Rajiv K RK University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
In bioreactor landfills, leachate recirculation can significantly affect the stability of landfill slope due to generation and distribution of excessive pore fluid pressures near side slope. The current design and operation of leachate recirculation systems do not consider the effects of heterogeneous and anisotropic nature of municipal solid waste (MSW) ...
Guennou Mael M Département Science et Analyse des Matériaux, CRP Gabriel Lippmann, 41 rue du Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, - - 2014
The interaction of coexisting structural instabilities in multiferroic materials gives rise to intriguing coupling phenomena and extraordinarily rich phase diagrams, both in bulk materials and strained thin films. Here we investigate the multiferroic BiMnO3 with its peculiar 6s2 electrons and four interacting mechanisms: electric polarity, octahedra tilts, magnetism, and cooperative ...
Virdis Agostino A Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
Results from recent observational studies conducted in our country and including approximately 160,000 patients with hypertension, reported that only 37 % of patients achieve effective blood pressure control under treatment. These data confirm that blood pressure control amongst the hypertensive population is still largely unsatisfactory in Italy. For this reason, the ...
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