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Results 301 - 350 of 3048
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de la Fuente José Luis - - 2009
This work describes the first example to demonstrate the enhancement of performances of composite highly energetic materials by mean of employing standard CuO nano-powder as burning rate catalyst in comparison to micro-fillers. The solid composite propellants with CuO microparticles are less stable due to oversensitivity to pressure variations, but the ...
Tateiwa Naoyuki - - 2009
The fourteen kinds of pressure-transmitting media were evaluated by the ruby fluorescence method at room temperature, 77 K using the diamond anvil cell (DAC) up to 10 GPa in order to find appropriate media for use in low temperature physics. The investigated media are a 1:1 mixture by volume of ...
Schwab Siegfried A - - 2009
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Modern computed tomographic scanners and examination protocols often require high injection rates of iodinated contrast media (CM). The purpose of this study was to investigate the maximum injection pressures (MIPs) with different CM at different temperatures in the most common intravenous cannula (IVC) sizes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Frieboes Laura R - - 2009
While a variety of in-vitro models have been employed to investigate the response of load-bearing tissues to hydrostatic pressure, long-term studies are limited by the need to provide for adequate gas exchange during pressurization. Applying compression in vitro may alter the equilibrium of the system and thereby disrupt the gas ...
Kusmartseva A F - - 2009
The interplay between superconductivity and the charge-density wave (CDW) state in pure 1T-TiSe(2) is examined through a high-pressure study extending up to pressures of 10 GPa between sub-Kelvin and room temperatures. At a critical pressure of 2 GPa a superconducting phase sets in and persists up to pressures of 4 ...
Shaikh Faisal M - - 2010
Mechanical conditioning represents a potential means to enhance the biochemical and biomechanical properties of tissue-engineered cell constructs. Bioreactors that can simulate physiologic conditions can play an important role in the preparation of tissue-engineered constructs. Although various forms of bioreactor systems are currently available, these have certain limitations, particularly when these ...
Gresty Nathalie C - - 2009
The ternary iron chalcogenide, Fe(1.03)Se(0.57)Te(0.43) is a member of the recently discovered family of Fe-based superconductors with an ambient pressure T(c) of 13.9 K and a simple structure comprising layers of edge-sharing distorted Fe(Se/Te)(4) tetrahedra separated by a van der Waals gap. Here we study the relationship between its structural ...
Wirth Christoph Tobias - - 2009
We present a systematic study of the temperature and pressure dependence of the growth rate of vertically aligned small diameter (single- and few-walled) carbon nanotube forests grown by thermal chemical vapor deposition over the temperature range 560-800 degrees C and 10(-5) to 14 mbar partial pressure range, using acetylene as ...
Cunsolo A - - 2009
We report on small-angle x-ray scattering measurements on liquid water aimed at characterizing the pressure evolution of its large-scale structure. Diffraction profiles have been fitted assuming a Lorentzian dependence on the exchanged momentum. As a result, we observe an anomalous behavior of the diffracted intensity that tends to disappear, increasing ...
Winoto Winoto - - 2009
The deuterated homopolymers and their corresponding polystyrene-block-polybutadiene and polystyrene-block-polyisoprene copolymers require lower cloud pressures than their hydrogenous analogues to dissolve in a compressible alkane solvent, such as propane. For symmetric diblocks, deuteration reduces the micellization pressure. By contrast, for asymmetric diblocks with a long diene block relative to the styrene ...
Fallas Morgane M - - 2010
In this study, we investigated further the large increases in retention with pressure that we observed previously in RP-LC especially for ionised solutes. These findings were initially confirmed on a conventional silica C(18) column, which gave extremely similar results to the hybrid C(18) phase originally used. Large increases in retention ...
Hu Kongzu - - 2010
Mechanical effects have been demonstrated to activate periprosthetic osteoclasts and hence to promote bone resorption. However, the periprosthetic mechanical effect on osteoblast function is not clearly understood. The purpose of this study was to explore whether the high pressure on bone caused by a prosthesis affects periprosthetic osteoblast function. We ...
Neetoo Hudaa - - 2010
Alfalfa sprouts contaminated with Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 have been implicated in several outbreaks of foodborne illnesses in recent years. The seed used for sprouting appears to be the primary source of pathogens. Seed decontamination prior to sprouting presents a unique challenge for the sprouting industry since cells of ...
Mito Masaki - - 2009
Application of physical pressure to a ferromagnetic bisdiselenazolyl radical leads to a decrease in pi-stack slippage. Initially, this leads to an increase in the ferromagnetic ordering temperature T(C), which reaches a maximum of 21 K near 1 GPa. At higher pressures, as the pi-stacks become more nearly superimposed, the value ...
Jiang Yajun - - 2009
We present a theoretical and experimental study on sensitivity enhancement of a fiber-loop cavity ring-down pressure sensor. The cladding of the sensing fiber is etched in hydrofluoric acid solution to enhance its sensitivity. The experimental results demonstrate that the pressure applied on the sensing fiber is linearly proportional to the ...
Song Yang - - 2009
As the simplest stable boron hydride in its condensed phase, diborane exhibits an interesting structural chemistry with uniquely bridged hydrogen bonds. Here we report the first room-temperature infrared (IR) absorption spectra of solid diborane compressed to pressures as high as 50 GPa using a diamond anvil cell. At room temperature ...
Tang Qingjuan - - 2010
Murine norovirus-1 (MNV) is currently the most suitable surrogate for human norovirus. The mechanism of MNV-1 inactivation by high pressure processing (HPP) was investigated. HPP-treated MNV could not bind to its target receptor and therefore could not initiate infection of mouse RAW cells. The integrity of the capsid was not ...
Shearer Adrienne E H - - 2010
Experimental conditions can affect the outcome of bacterial stress-tolerance assays. Growth conditions that optimize microbial recovery should be established to help evaluate the effectiveness of treatment conditions for food safety. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of growth and recovery temperatures on pressure resistance of early ...
Wang Kai - - 2009
Single-crystal samples of the 1:1 adduct between cyanuric acid and melamine (CA.M), an outstanding case of noncovalent synthesis, have been studied by Raman spectroscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction in a diamond anvil cell up to pressures of 15 GPa. The abrupt changes in Raman spectra around 4.4 GPa have provided ...
Tribst Alline A L - - 2009
This research evaluated the inactivation of a heat-resistant Aspergillus niger conidia in mango nectar by high-pressure homogenization (HPH) combined with heat shock. A. niger were inoculated in mango nectar (10(6) conidia mL(-1)) and subjected to HPH (300 to 100 MPa) and heat shock (80 degrees C for 5 to 20 ...
Presta Pierangela - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cooler temperature dialysate (TD) has gained in popularity in the treatment of hypotension during hemodialysis (HD). In this study we verified the hypothesis of an eventual involvement of cytokines. METHODS: Four patients on regular HD underwent two 4-hour HD sessions once at 37 degrees C TD and once at ...
D'Souza Doris H - - 2009
Novel inactivation methods are needed to control the spread of foodborne viruses responsible for nonbacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. The advent of high-pressure homogenization combining high pressure, shear stress, and cavitation provides the opportunity to evaluate this technology for viral inactivation in fluid foods under continuous processing conditions. Our objective was to ...
Madsen James A - - 2009
Infrared multiphoton dissociation (IRMPD) was implemented in a novel dual pressure linear ion trap for rapid top-down proteomics. The high pressure cell provided improved trapping and isolation efficiencies while the isotopic profiles of 10+ charged ions could be resolved by mass analysis in the low pressure cell that enabled effective ...
Rosso Dominic - - 2009
We hypothesized that chloroplast energy imbalance sensed through alterations in the redox state of the photosynthetic electron transport chain, measured as excitation pressure, governs the extent of variegation in the immutans mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana. To test this hypothesis, we developed a nondestructive imaging technique and used it to quantify ...
Dobrzhinetskaya Larissa F - - 2009
The deepest rocks known from within Earth are fragments of normal mantle ( approximately 400 km) and metamorphosed sediments ( approximately 350 km), both found exhumed in continental collision terranes. Here, we report fragments of a highly reduced deep mantle environment from at least 300 km, perhaps very much more, ...
Hern?ndez Ignacio - - 2009
We have studied the spectroscopic properties of OLED materials Alq(3), Gaq(3) and Inq(3) (q = 8-hydroxyquinoline) under pressure. We discuss the results in terms of the influence of structural modifications, the isomeric state and the enhancement of the intermolecular interaction. As-grown Alq(3), Gaq(3), Inq(3) containing meridional (mer) isomer experience a ...
Tokuda Shinsaku - - 2009
In the epithelia and endothelia, tight junctions regulate the movement of several substances through the paracellular pathway, maintaining several gradients between apical and basal compartments including osmolality and hydrostatic pressure. In this study, we show that the change of hydrostatic pressure gradient affected tight junctions as well as actin cytoskeleton, ...
Serghiou George - - 2009
High pressure can induce profound changes in solids. A significant barrier to new alloys and ceramics, however, is that targeted starting materials may not react with each other, even with the help of pressure. We use nitrogen, in a new capacity, to incorporate two otherwise unreactive elements, Re and Zn, ...
Drumm Margaret Rebecca - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To test a hypothesis that bladder smooth muscle cells (BSMCs) shift their phenotype from contractile to synthetic in response to elevated hydrostatic pressure. Although mechanical stimuli are needed for development of the bladder, the exact mechanisms for this process are poorly understood. METHODS: Rat BSMCs were exposed to 7.5 ...
Jun Xi - - 2010
This study presents a novel extraction technique, ultrahigh pressure extraction, to obtain major catechins from green tea leaves. The effects of various high pressure level (100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600 MPa) on the extract are examined. HPLC chromatographic analyses determine the concentration of four major catechins and caffeine. The ...
Osváth Szabolcs - - 2009
Due to the relationship between compressibility and volume fluctuations, high-pressure studies provide vital insight into protein dynamics and function. Most high-pressure experiments were performed on small and fast folding proteins or model peptides. Here we show that a detailed kinetic study is necessary to extract reliable information from the high-pressure-induced ...
Rivadulla Francisco - - 2009
Nitride coatings are increasingly demanded in the cutting- and machining-tool industry owing to their hardness, thermal stability and resistance to corrosion. These properties derive from strongly covalent bonds; understanding the bonding is a requirement for the design of superhard materials with improved capabilities. Here, we report a pressure-induced cubic-to-orthorhombic transition ...
Chalikian Tigran V - - 2009
The molecular mechanisms underlying pressure-induced protein denaturation can be analyzed based on the pressure-dependent differences in the apparent volume occupied by amino acids inside the protein and when they are exposed to water in an unfolded conformation. We present here an analysis for the peptide group and the 20 naturally ...
Ellinger Adolf - - 2010
Methods for fine structural and functional analyses of complex and dynamic cell compartments must ensure high temporal resolution together with an excellent fine structural preservation. High-pressure freezing followed by freeze-substitution, and resin embedding is state of the art but its use is limited in combination with preembedding cytochemical techniques. Here ...
Pagliara G - - 2009
The transition from hadronic to quark matter at high density is a strong first order phase transition if the surface tension between the two phases is large. While this implies a constant-pressure mixed phase in cold neutron star matter this is not the case for the hot and lepton rich ...
Coasne Benoit - - 2009
Monte Carlo simulations combined with the parallel tempering technique are used to study the freezing of Ar, CH(4), and their mixtures in a slit graphite nanopore. For all systems, the solid/liquid coexistence line is located at higher temperature than that for the bulk phase, as expected for fluids for which ...
Patterson Margaret F - - 2010
Vacuum-packaged cooked poultry meat was treated at a range of pressures (400-600 MPa) and hold times (1, 2 and 10 min), followed by storage at 4 degrees , 8 degrees or 12 degrees C for up to 35 days. Weissella viridescens was found to be the dominant microorganism in the ...
Ananou Samir - - 2010
The single and combined effects of enterocin AS-48 and high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonellaenterica, and Staphylococcus aureus was investigated in fuet (a low acid fermented sausage) during ripening and storage at 7 degrees C or at room temperature. AS-48 (148 AU g(-1)) caused a drastic 5.5 log ...
Fischer Lorenz H - - 2009
A new dual luminescent sensitive paint for barometric pressure and temperature (T) is presented. The green-emitting iridium(III) complex [Ir(ppy)(2)(carbac)] (ppy=2-phenylpyridine; carbac=1-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)-5,5-dimethylhexane-2,4-dione) was applied as a novel probe for T along with the red-emitting complex [Ir(btpy)(3)], (btpy=2-(benzo[b]thiophene-2-yl)pyridine) which functions as a barometric (in fact oxygen-sensitive) probe. Both iridium complexes were dissolved ...
Murli Chitra - - 2009
As a classical electron-deficient molecule with unique hydrogen bridge bonding, diborane has created considerable interest in the structural chemistry. We report here the first evidence of pressure-induced structural transformations of diborane probed by in situ Raman spectroscopy. At pressures around 4 GPa, diborane undergoes a liquid-solid phase transformation to a ...
Chen Jing-Yin - - 2009
Pressure-induced physical and chemical transformations of sodium cyanide (NaCN) have been studied up to 50 GPa in diamond-anvil cells, using micro-Raman spectroscopy and angle-resolved synchrotron x-ray diffraction. We observe three phase transitions in this pressure range: NaCN-IIA (orthorhombic, Immm), to NaCN-IIB (orthorhombic, Pmmn) at 4 GPa, to NaCN-III (monoclinic, Cm) ...
Imamura Hiroshi - - 2010
It has recently been demonstrated that pressure induces folding of the alpha-helix of an alanine-based peptide (AK20), which is a monomer in water (Imamura and Kato, Proteins 2009;76:911-918). The present study focused on a coiled coil peptide GCN4-p1, the alpha-helices of which associate via a hydrophobic core, to examine whether ...
Li Fangfei - - 2009
The high temperature and high pressure Brillouin scattering studies of liquid ammonia have been performed in a diamond anvil cell. Acoustic velocity, refractive index, adiabatic bulk modulus, and the equation of state of liquid ammonia were determined at temperatures up to 410 K and at pressures up to the solidification ...
Liao Hongmei - - 2010
The inactivation of Salmonella typhimurium inoculated into acidified carrot juice subjected to dense phase carbon dioxide (DPCD) was investigated. The pressures in the study were 10, 20 and 30 MPa, the temperatures were 32, 37 and 42 degrees C, and the treatment time was 5-90 min. The inactivation effect of ...
Liermann Hanns-Peter - - 2009
We introduce the design and capabilities of a resistive heated diamond anvil cell that can be used for side diffraction at simultaneous high pressure and high temperature. The device can be used to study lattice-preferred orientations in polycrystalline samples up to temperatures of 1100 K and pressures of 36 GPa. ...
Huang Shih-Li - - 2009
The combination effects of pressure (200 to 500 MPa) and temperature (20, 40, and 50 degrees C) on the water uptake and gelatinization characteristics of japonica rice (Tainung 71) grains were investigated. Pressure greater than 200 MPa at all temperatures increased the moisture content and volume of rice grains; meanwhile, ...
Inamoto Ryuhei - - 2009
To clarify the role of the endolymphatic sac (ES) in the regulation of endolymphatic pressure, the effects of isoproterenol, a beta-adrenergic receptor agonist, and acetazolamide, a potent carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, both of which decrease ES direct current potential on cochlear hydrostatic pressure, were examined in guinea pigs. When isoproterenol was ...
Wlodarczyk P - - 2009
Dielectric relaxation measurements on maltose were performed at ambient and increasing pressure. The loss spectra collected below glass transition of this disaccharide revealed presence of two well separated secondary relaxations. Activation energies determined for both modes are E(a)=73 kJ/mol and 47 kJ/mol for the slower (beta) and faster (gamma) relaxation, ...
Patrignani Francesca - - 2009
This experimental work aimed to evaluate the potential of high pressure homogenization (HPH) to inactivate Saccharomyces cerevisiae 635 inoculated both in apricot and carrot juices. The sensitivity of the yeast was evaluated both in relation to its initial inoculum level (about 3.0 and 6.0 Log(10) cfu/ml) and number of passes ...
Raterron Paul - - 2009
Dramatic technical progress seen over the past decade now allows the plastic properties of materials to be investigated under extreme pressure and temperature conditions. Coupling of high-pressure apparatuses with synchrotron radiation significantly improves the quantification of differential stress and specimen textures from X-ray diffraction data, as well as specimen strains ...
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