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Tintchev Filip - - 2010
Pressurization may cause unwanted side effects including color or texture changes of fish and meat. The color changes of poultry, pork, and smoked salmon were studied by CIE L*, a*, b* system, and resonance Raman (RR). High-pressure processing (HPP) of pork and chicken meat resulted in significant color modification at ...
Bravim Fernanda - - 2010
The brewing and baking yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a useful eukaryotic model of stress response systems whose study could lead to the understanding of stress response mechanisms in other organisms. High hydrostatic pressure (HHP) exerts broad effects upon yeast cells, interfering with cell membranes, cellular architecture, and the processes of ...
Ren?-Trouillefou Malika - - 2010
The effect of transient exposure of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin A (SEA) to high pressure and/or denaturing agents was examined by assessing the toxin superantigenicity and immunoreactivity, and by monitoring pressure-induced changes in fluorescence emission spectra. Pressurization of SEA at 600 MPa and 45 degrees C in Tris-HCl buffer (20 mM, ...
Broeckhoven K - - 2010
A generic solution is proposed for the deleterious viscous heating effects in adiabatic or near-adiabatic systems that can be expected when trying to push the column operating pressures above the currently available range of ultra-high pressures (i.e., 1200 bar). A set of proof-of-principle experiments, mainly using existing commercial equipment, is ...
Kim Duck Young - - 2010
The long-standing prediction that hydrogen can assume a metallic state under high pressure, combined with arguments put forward more recently that this state might even be superconducting up to high temperatures, continues to spur tremendous research activities toward the experimental realization of metallic hydrogen. These efforts have however so far ...
Cui Hong-Ling - - 2010
A first-principles plane-wave method with an ultrasoft pseudopotential scheme in the framework of the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) was used to calculate the lattice parameters, bulk modulus and its pressure derivative, energy band structures, density of states, phonon density of states, thermodynamic properties, and absorption spectra of solid beta-octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (beta-HMX). ...
Li Bao - - 2010
Spin-crossover (SCO) compounds are a sort of bistable material whose electronic and magnetic properties can be tuned by external physical stimuli, such as heat, light, and pressure. The title SCO compound [Fe(pmea)(NCS)(2)] (1; pmea = bis[(2-pyridyl)methyl]-2-(2-pyridyl)ethylamine) undergoes spin transition in such a way that it is an ideal candidate to ...
Parois Pascal - - 2010
Pressure-induced switching of a fast-relaxing single-molecule magnet to a slow-relaxing isomer is observed for the first time by using a combination of high pressure single-crystal X-ray diffraction and high pressure magnetic measurements.
Murakami Motohiko - - 2010
Acoustic wave velocities of SiO2 glass were measured up to pressures of 207 GPa using newly developed Brillouin scattering spectroscopic techniques to address the nature of pressure-induced structural changes. The acoustic wave velocity data suggests three distinct pressure regimes, two of which correspond to changes in the Si-O coordination number ...
Bull Daniel J - - 2010
Neutron diffraction data from in situ deuteration and dedeuteration of Li(3)N are presented under different pressure regimes, whereby reaction pathways differing from the widely reported stoichiometric pathway of Li(3)N + 2D(2)<--> Li(2)ND + LiD + D(2)<--> LiND(2) + 2LiD are observed. At sufficiently high pressures, where the deuterium chemical potential ...
Zeng Zhao-Yi - - 2010
We calculated the phase transition, elastic constants, full phonon dispersion curves, and thermal properties of molybdenum (Mo) for a wide range of pressures using density functional theory. Mo is stable in the body-centered-cubic (bcc) structure up to 703 +/- 19 GPa and then transforms to the face-centered close-packed (fcc) structure ...
Zhang Yu - - 2010
Anaerobic oxidation of methane coupled to sulphate reduction (SR-AOM) prevents oceanic methane emissions and is considered as a major environmental process in the deep-sea sediments. To stimulate in vitro SR-AOM activity, we designed a (continuous) high-pressure bioreactor system. Fed-batch mode incubations showed that the elevated methane pressure stimulated SR-AOM activity: ...
Grosch Alexander - - 2010
Transmittance spectra of four gaseous hydrocarbons were measured by using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. The analyzed substances are propane, n-butane, ethanol, and iso-octane (2,2,4-trimethyl-pentane). Mixtures of hydrocarbons and nitrogen were prepared and analyzed in an optical cell between 298 and 473 K at pressures up to 1800 kPa. Molecule ...
Patel Sajal M - - 2010
Freeze-drying is a relatively expensive process requiring long processing time, and hence one of the key objectives during freeze-drying process development is to minimize the primary drying time, which is the longest of the three steps in freeze-drying. However, increasing the shelf temperature into secondary drying before all of the ...
Wei Jie - - 2010
Superdormant spores of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis germinated just as well as dormant spores with pressures of 150 or 500 MPa and with or without heat activation. Superdormant B. subtilis spores also germinated as well as dormant spores with peptidoglycan fragments or bryostatin, a Ser/Thr protein kinase activator.
Orlien V - - 2010
The effect of pH (from 5.5 to 7.5) and temperature (from 5 to 40 degrees C) on the turbidity of reconstituted skim milk powder was investigated at ambient pressure and in situ under pressure (up to 500MPa) by measurement of light scattering. High-pressure treatment reduced the turbidity of milk for ...
Sun Xiang Dong - - 2010
High hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment can influence meat protein conformation and induce protein denaturation, aggregation, or gelation. The means whereby HHP treatment exerts effects on meat protein structure change are due to the rupture of noncovalent interactions within protein molecules, and to the subsequent re-formation of intra- and inter-molecular bonds ...
Yamaguchi Keiko - - 2010
High hydrostatic pressure (HHP) was applied to grated ginger in order to inactivate quality-degrading enzymes in a non-thermal manner. The effects of HHP treatment on the flavor and the color of the grated ginger were investigated just after treatment and during storage. After HHP treatment (400 MPa, 5 min), geraniol ...
Lai Kung-Ming - - 2010
Whole oysters were processed using high-pressure (HP) treatment at 250 and 300 MPa for 0 to 10 min and stored at 4 degrees Celsius for up to 28 days. HP-treated oysters and untreated oysters were evaluated for lipid oxidation, growth of microorganisms, and sensory characteristics after cooking at 160 degrees ...
Abd Gani Siti Salwa - - 2010
Formulations containing engkabang fat and engkabang fat esters, F10 and E15 respectively were prepared using a high-shear homogenizer, followed by a high-pressure homogenizer. Both formulations were stable at room temperature, at 45 degrees C, and after undergoing freeze-thaw cycles. The particle sizes of F10 and E15 after high pressure were ...
Albrieux F - - 2010
We present the simulation of a cylindrical ion trap (CIT) at high pressure (5-25 Torr range). SIMION 7.0 software was used for the simulations. The effect of pressure, RF frequency and trap dimensions has been investigated. The shape of stability diagrams at non-zero pressure is drastically different from the one ...
Stewart M D - - 2010
We describe the design of a reusable Indium wire seal which has a small profile and is leak tight to better than 1x10(-10) std. cc/sec. from room temperature down to approximately mK. The pressure necessary to deform the Indium wire o-ring is provided by a screw-cap mating to threads on ...
Nishikawa Tomofumi - - 2010
The preventive effect of aggressive blood pressure lowering on hematoma enlargement was investigated in patients with ultra-acute spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Retrospective review of 248 patients (145 males, 103 females) with spontaneous ICH treated in our hospital between 2005 and 2008 identified patients with ultra-acute ICH who were directly taken ...
Escobedo J P - - 2010
An experimental apparatus has been developed for performing shear tests on specimens held under moderately high hydrostatic pressures (up to the order of 10 GPa). This testing procedure experimentally determines the pressure dependent shear strength of thin foil specimens. This information is necessary for models of materials subjected to extreme ...
Yamamoto Shuhei - - 2010
The effects of a high-pressure treatment on the IgE-specific binding activity and structural changes to bovine gamma globulin (BGG), a beef allergen, were investigated. The allergenicity of pressure-treated BGG was also evaluated. We found that the IgE-specific binding activity and allergenicity of BGG were decreased by the high-pressure treatment. Almost ...
Rogers David L - - 2010
Patients with cystinosis have risk factors known to be associated with secondary increased intracranial pressure. The authors report a series of patients with cystinosis and describe their experience in the diagnosis and management of increased intracranial pressure in this population. The ophthalmologist should be aware of this vision-threatening association.
Wang Yue - - 2010
Two-electrode configuration was developed for in situ electrical impedance detecting on diamond anvil cell under high pressure. The metal gasket was used as one electrode and the risk coming from electrical short between sample and interside wall of the gasket was eliminated. The configuration was evaluated and proved to be ...
Nishiguchi Yoshikazu - - 2010
The lactate dehydrogenases (LDHs) in hagfish have been estimated to be the prototype of those in higher vertebrates. The effects of high hydrostatic pressure from 0.1 to 100 MPa on LDH activities from three hagfishes were examined. The LDH activities of Eptatretus burgeri, living at 45-60 m, were completely lost ...
Kunutsor Setor K - - 2010
Associations between ambient temperature and blood pressure have been demonstrated in countries where the temperature varies between the seasons. This phenomenon has been overlooked in blood pressure surveys in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the effect of ambient temperature on blood pressure in an adult population in a West African country. ...
Young Darrin J DJ University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. - - 2010
An RF-powered wireless three-channel implantable bio-sensing microsystem is developed with blood pressure, EKG, and core body temperature sensing capability for untethered genetically engineered laboratory mice real-time monitoring. A flat silicone blood pressure sensing cuff with a MEMS capacitive pressure sensor is employed to form a novel less-invasive blood pressure sensor, ...
Fan Jiang-Wen - - 2010
Inter-annual dynamics of grassland yield of the Three Rivers Headwaters Region of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China in 1988-2005 was analyzed using the GLO-PEM model, and the herbage supply function was evaluated. The results indicate that while grassland yield in the region showed marked inter-annual fluctuation there was a trend of ...
Buckow Roman - - 2009
The amylose/amylopectin ratio in starch granules has a distinct impact on the physicochemical properties of starches. In this study the effects of high pressure and temperature combinations on the gelatinization of four maize starches with different amylose contents were investigated in an excess of water (90% w/w). Microscopy was used ...
Umebayashi Yasuhiro - - 2009
The microscopic features of binary mixtures formed by an ionic liquid (EMI(+)TFSA(-) or EMI(+)FSA(-)) and a molecular liquid (acetonitrile or methanol) have been investigated by high-pressure infrared spectroscopy. On the basis of its responses to changes in pressure and concentration, the imidazolium C-H appears to exist at least in two ...
Zou Yonggang - - 2009
Peapods present a model system for studying the properties of dimensionally constrained crystal structures, whose dynamical properties are very important. We have recently studied the rotational dynamics of C(60) molecules confined inside single walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) by analyzing the intermediate frequency mode lattice vibrations using near-infrared Raman spectroscopy. The ...
Zhou Quanlin - - 2010
Integrated modeling of basin- and plume-scale processes induced by full-scale deployment of CO(2) storage was applied to the Mt. Simon Aquifer in the Illinois Basin. A three-dimensional mesh was generated with local refinement around 20 injection sites, with approximately 30 km spacing. A total annual injection rate of 100 Mt ...
Holroyd Richard A - - 2009
New infrared absorbing species are identified in the pulse radiolysis of supercritical Kr at high pressures. The species are believed to be excimers. Their formation and decay rates have been time resolved using the Laser Electron Accelerator Facility. An initial species, formed in less than 1 ns, absorbs at several ...
Vaccari M - - 2009
We report an in situ high pressure investigation of the structural change in vitreous As(2)S(3) up to 60 GPa using the diamond anvil cell and energy dispersive x-ray absorption spectroscopy. The main finding of the present study is a gradual elongation of the average As-S bond length, which takes place ...
Bedrov Dmitry - - 2009
Quantum chemistry-based dipole polarizable and nonpolarizable force fields have been developed for 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB). Molecular dynamics simulations of TATB crystals were performed for hydrostatic pressures up to 10 GPa at 300 K and for temperatures between 200 and 400 K at atmospheric pressure. The predicted heat of sublimation and room-temperature ...
Farooq A - - 2009
Tunable diode lasers (TDL) near 2.7 mum are used to measure high-resolution direct absorption and wavelength modulation with second harmonic (WMS-2f) spectra at high pressures for two CO(2) transitions near 3633.08 and 3645.20 cm(-1), belonging to the nu(1)+ nu(3) vibrational band. Important factors influencing the design of a high-pressure TDL ...
Falenty Andrzej - - 2009
Gas hydrates can exhibit an anomalously slow decomposition outside their thermodynamic stability field; the phenomenon is called "self-preservation" and is mostly studied at ambient pressure and at temperatures between approximately 240 K and the melting point of ice. Here, we present a combination of in situ neutron diffraction studies, pVT ...
Xu Ning - - 2009
We show that the slowing of the dynamics in simulations of several model glass-forming liquids is equivalent to the hard-sphere glass transition in the low-pressure limit. In this limit, we find universal behavior of the relaxation time by collapsing molecular-dynamics data for all systems studied onto a single curve as ...
Jolie Ruben P - - 2009
A size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) method was implemented to study complex formation between carrot pectin methylesterase (PME) and its inhibitor (PMEI) from kiwi fruit in the context of traditional thermal and novel high-pressure processing. Evidence was gained that both thermal and high-pressure treatments of PME give rise to two distinct ...
Chapman Karena W - - 2009
The impact of modest, industrially accessible pressures (0-1.2 GPa) on the structure and porosity of the zeolitic imidazolate framework Zn(2-methylimidazole)(2), ZIF-8, was investigated using in situ powder X-ray diffraction in combination with sorption measurements for pressure-treated samples. The framework is highly compressible, with a bulk modulus (K = -V partial ...
Klotz Bernadette - - 2010
The aim of this work was to examine a possible association between resistance of two Escherichia coli strains to high hydrostatic pressure and the susceptibility of their cell membranes to pressure-induced damage. Cells were exposed to pressures between 100 and 700 MPa at room temperature (approximately 20 degrees C) in ...
Neetoo Hudaa - - 2010
The application of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) at a level of 600 MPa at 20 degrees C to decontaminate crimson clover, red clover, radish and broccoli seeds inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella were evaluated. Salmonella was generally more pressure-resistant than E. coli O157:H7 on clover and radish seeds ...
Kiefer J H - - 2009
The decomposition of cyclohexane (c-C(6)H(12)) was studied in a shock tube using the laser-schlieren technique over the temperature range 1300-2000 K and for 25-200 Torr in mixtures of 2%, 4%, 10%, and 20% cyclohexane in Kr. Vibrational relaxation of the cyclohexane was also examined in 10 experiments covering 1100-1600 K ...
Glascoe Elizabeth A - - 2009
The effect of pressure on the global thermal decomposition rate of the energetic material HMX was studied. HMX was precompressed in a diamond anvil cell (DAC) and heated at various rates. The parent species population was monitored as a function of time and temperature using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. ...
Irifune Tetsuo - - 2010
Phase transitions and the chemical composition of minerals in Earth's interior influence geophysical interpretations of its deep structure and dynamics. A pressure-induced spin transition in olivine has been suggested to influence iron partitioning and depletion, resulting in a distinct layered structure in Earth's lower mantle. For a more realistic mantle ...
Matsunami M - - 2009
Optical conductivity [sigma(omega)] of YbS has been measured under pressure up to 20 GPa. Below 8 GPa, sigma(omega) is low since YbS is an insulator with an energy gap between a fully occupied 4f state and an unoccupied conduction (c) band. Above 8 GPa, however, sigma(omega) increases dramatically, developing a ...
Kabir Md E - - 2009
Novel experimental techniques are developed to measure the rapid changes in specimen dimensions during dynamic triaxial experiments. A capacitance gage is designed and constructed to measure the diameter change of the specimen inside the pressure chamber at both low and high rates. The length change is determined by a linear ...
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