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Results 201 - 250 of 3049
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Paudel K - - 2010
Polyfluorenes (PFs) represent a unique class of poly-para-phenylene-based blue-emitting polymers with intriguing structure-property relationships. Slight variations in the choice of functionalizing side chains result in dramatic differences in the inter- and intrachain structures in PFs. Dioctyl-substituted PF (PF8) is characterized by different backbone conformations that depend upon the torsion angle ...
Roche Yann - - 2010
We monitored the behavior of plasma membrane (PM) isolated from tobacco cells (BY-2) under hydrostatic pressures up to 3.5kbar at 30 degrees C, by steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy using the newly introduced environment-sensitive probe F2N12S and also Laurdan and di-4-ANEPPDHQ. The consequences of sterol depletion by methyl-beta-cyclodextrin were also studied. We ...
Grossi Vincent - - 2010
A new piezotolerant alkane-degrading bacterium (Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus strain #5) was isolated from deep (3475 m) Mediterranean seawater and grown at atmospheric pressure (0.1 MPa) and at 35 MPa with hexadecane as sole source of carbon and energy. Modification of the hydrostatic pressure influenced neither the growth rate nor the amount ...
Park Hye-Sook - - 2010
Experimental results showing significant reductions from classical in the Rayleigh-Taylor instability growth rate due to high pressure effective lattice viscosity are presented. Using a laser created ramped drive, vanadium samples are compressed and accelerated quasi-isentropically at approximately 1 Mbar peak pressures, while maintaining the sample in the solid state. Comparisons ...
Rodiles-L?pez J O - - 2010
The effects of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) processing (at 200 to 600 MPa, 25 to 55 degrees C, and from 5 to 15 min) on some structural properties of alpha-lactalbumin was studied in a pH range of 3.0 to 9.0. The range of HHP processes produced a variety of molten ...
Xiao Xianghui - - 2010
Accurate mass density information is critical in high-pressure studies of materials. It is, however, very difficult to measure the mass densities of amorphous materials under high pressure with a diamond anvil cell (DAC). Employing tomography to measure mass density of amorphous samples under high pressure in a DAC has recently ...
Feng Yejun - - 2010
Condensed matter experiments at high pressure accentuate the need for accurate pressure scales over a broad range of temperatures, as well as placing a premium on a homogeneous pressure environment. However, challenges remain in diamond anvil cell technology, including both the quality of various pressure transmitting media and the accuracy ...
Sato Tomoko - - 2010
We have developed techniques for high-pressure in situ structure measurement of low-Z noncrystalline materials with a diamond-anvil cell (DAC) by an x-ray diffraction method. Since the interaction between low-Z materials and x rays is small and the sample thickness in a DAC is also small, the incoherent scattering from the ...
Lai K M - - 2010
The shell of the duck egg did not crack after pressure treatments (300 to 500 MPa; 25 degrees C; 10 min) in this study; therefore, the changes of physicochemical properties of egg white and yolk proteins from the intact shell egg by pressure treatment were first investigated and compared with ...
Wang Jinzhong - - 2010
N-doped ZnO films were deposited on glass substrates by RF magnetron sputtering with different deposition pressures. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force morphology (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Hall measurements and optical spectrophotometer. The XRD patterns confirmed that the films are polycrystalline and the influence of ...
Jaccard D - - 2010
We have performed multiprobe experiments using a Bridgman-anvil pressure cell, adapted to trap Daphne oil as pressure medium. Resistivity, ac-magnetic susceptibility, thermopower, and ac-heat capacity of a type-I superconductor, lead, have been studied at low temperature up to 5+/-0.1 GPa. This is the first report where ac-magnetic susceptibility has been ...
Pronin A A - - 2010
Nearly all glass-forming liquids feature, along with the structural alpha-relaxation process, a faster secondary process (beta relaxation), whose nature belongs to the great mysteries of glass physics. However, for some of these liquids, no well-pronounced secondary relaxation is observed. A prominent example is the archetypical glass-forming liquid glycerol. In the ...
Liu Bingguo - - 2010
Effects of high pressure in a range of up to 1.7 GPa on ultrafast energy relaxation of LDS698 (C(19)H(23)N(2)O(4)Cl) molecules in solution have experimentally been illustrated by a method of femtosecond time-resolved absorption spectroscopy. The rates of the intramolecular and intermolecular energy relaxations show quite different pressure dependences. The observed ...
Santamaria Rubén - - 2010
The thermal behavior of a 13-molecule hydrogen cluster is studied as a function of pressure and temperature using a combination of trajectory and density functional theory simulations. The analysis is performed in terms of characteristic descriptors such as caloric curve, root-mean-square bond length fluctuation, pair correlation function, velocity autocorrelation function, ...
Brusamarelo Claiton Z - - 2010
This work reports new experimental data and mathematical modeling of lipase-catalyzed biodiesel production using soybean oil and ethanol as substrates and pressurized n-propane as solvent. The experiments were carried out in a batch reactor, recording the reaction kinetics and evaluating the effects of temperature in the range of 45-70 degrees ...
Venkatramu V - - 2010
The concentration and pressure dependent luminescence properties of the Tb(3+) ions in a lithium fluoroborate glasses have been studied by analyzing the deexcitation processes of the (5)D(4) level at ambient conditions as well as a function of pressure up to 35 GPa at room temperature. The luminescence spectra of Tb(3+) ...
Wang Lin - - 2010
The use of nanoscale x-ray probes overcomes several key limitations in the study of materials up to multimegabar (> 200) pressures, namely, the spatial resolution of measurements of multiple samples, stress gradients, and crystal domains in micron to submicron size samples in diamond-anvil cells. Mixtures of Fe, Pt, and W ...
Koizumi Naoto - - 2010
To obtain direct evidence of the formation of the Ni-Mo-S phase on NiMo/Al(2)O(3) catalysts under high-pressure hydrodesulfurization conditions, a high-pressure EXAFS chamber has been constructed and used to investigate the coordination structure of Ni and Mo species on the catalysts sulfided at high pressure. The high-pressure chamber was designed to ...
Rickard Deborah L - - 2010
For biological molecules in aqueous solution, the hydration pressure as a function of distance from the molecular surface represents a very short-range repulsive pressure that limits atom-atom contact, opposing the attractive van der Waals pressure. Whereas the separation distance for molecules that easily arrange into ordered arrays (e.g., lipids, DNA, ...
Szabo Zoltan Z Barnett Institute, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2010
The standard, well-established sample preparation protocol to release N-linked glycans from glycoproteins for downstream analysis requires relatively long deglycosylation times (from several hours to overnight) and relatively high endoglycosidase concentration (from 1:250 to 1:500 enzyme:substrate molar ratio). In this paper, we significantly improve this standard protocol by the use of ...
Kim Minjung - - 2010
This Progress Report presents temperature-, magnetic-field-, and pressure-dependent Raman measurements of strongly correlated materials such as the charge-ordering manganese perovskites, the multiferroic material TbMnO(3), and the charge-density wave (CDW) materials 1T-TiSe(2) and Cu(x)TiSe(2). These studies illustrate the rich array of phases and properties that can be accessed with field and ...
Lanthier Etienne - - 2010
Luminescence spectra are reported for trans-[MoOCl(CN-t-Bu)(4)]BPh(4) and trans-[MoOF(pyridine)(4)]BPh(4). The maxima of the broad luminescence bands are at energies of 12000 and 13000 cm(-1), respectively. Resolved vibronic structure involves the metal-oxo stretching mode with a vibrational frequency of approximately 950 cm(-1) (Raman) in both compounds. The pressure behavior of the luminescence ...
Chen Dong - - 2010
Sugarcane bagasse was treated with ultra-high pressure explosion (UHPE) in a homogenizer. UHPE significantly decreased the particle size and disrupt the microstructure of bagasse, which was changed from a rigid and highly ordered fibril to a distorted, poly-porous and "empty-inside" structure. UHPE decreased the crystallinity indexes (CrIs) from 54.8% (0 ...
Velazquez Gonzalo - - 2010
Application of high hydrostatic pressure has been proposed as an alternative quarantine process for the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), one of the most important insects infesting mangoes, citrus fruits, and other fruits in Mexico and other Latin American countries. The present study was performed to determine ...
Wilson S K - - 2010
Overfishing and habitat degradation through climate change pose the greatest threats to sustainability of marine resources on coral reefs. We examined how changes in fishing pressure and benthic habitat composition influenced the size spectra of island-scale reef fish communities in Lau, Fiji. Between 2000 and 2006 fishing pressure declined in ...
Permanyer M - - 2010
Human milk is considered the optimal nutritional source for infants. Banked human milk is processed using low-temperature, long-time pasteurization, which assures microbial safety but involves heat denaturation of some desirable milk components such as IgA. High-pressure processing technology, the subject of the current research, has shown minimal destruction of food ...
Neue Uwe D - - 2010
Pressure can influence the retention of analytes in hydrophilic interaction chromatography as well as in RP chromatography. We demonstrate that the retention of sugars in hydrophilic interaction chromatography decreases with pressure, and interpret the observation as a gain in solvation, or more specifically hydration, as the sugar molecules enter the ...
Krefting Dagmar - - 2010
We present a statistical analysis of defect-mediated turbulence in a kinetic model of catalytic CO oxidation on Pt(110). A probabilistic description based on the gain and loss rates of defects is derived. For low values of the CO partial pressure the statistics of topological defects agree with earlier results for ...
Soignard Emmanuel - - 2010
Diamond anvil cells (DACs) are widely used for the study of materials at high pressure. The typical diamonds used are between 1 and 3 mm thick, while the sample contained within the opposing diamonds is often just a few microns in thickness. Hence, any absorbance or scattering from diamond can ...
Taniguchi Hiromi - - 2010
In this decade, the performance of piston-cylinder pressure cells has been drastically improved by using robust materials such as nickel-chromium-aluminum and cobalt-nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloys to construct the inner cylinders. In this article, we present several experimental techniques for carrying out resistivity measurements under high pressure by applying the piston-cylinder devices based ...
Lascaris Erik - - 2010
We introduce a family of bounded repulsive potentials, which we call the cut ramp potential, obtained by cutting a linear ramp potential at different heights. We find that for the uncut ramp potential the system shows a region of anomalous re-entrant melting (a negative slope of the melting line in ...
Patrignani Francesca - - 2010
This experimental work was aimed to evaluate the effects of repeated high-pressure homogenization (HPH) treatments at 100 MPa on the inactivation and regrowth of Zygosaccharomyces bailii inoculated in apricot and carrot juices. Thus, the spoilage yeast was inoculated in both the juices at level of about 5 log CFU/g and ...
Bendele M - - 2010
We report on a detailed investigation of the electronic phase diagram of FeSe1-x under pressures up to 1.4 GPa by means of ac magnetization and muon-spin rotation. At a pressure approximately 0.8 GPa the nonmagnetic and superconducting FeSe1-x enters a region where static magnetic order is realized above T{c} and ...
Erlach Markus Beck - - 2010
Application of high pressure to biological macromolecules can be used to find new structural states with a smaller specific volume of the system. High pressure NMR spectroscopy is a most promising analytical tool for the study of these states at atomic resolution. High pressure quartz cells are difficult to handle, ...
Reddy N R - - 2010
The effect of additives and post-treatment incubation conditions on the recovery of high pressure and heat-injured (i.e., processed at 620 MPa and 95 and 100 degrees C for 5 min) spores of Clostridium botulinum strains, 62-A (proteolytic type A) and 17-B (nonproteolytic type B) was studied. High pressure and heat-injured ...
Hashimoto Yoshihide - - 2010
To prepare acellular corneal scaffold, we used high-hydrostatic pressurization (HHP) to decellularize porcine cornea. The HHP method disrupts cells by hydrostatic pressurization, and then the disrupted cells' components are removed by washing with a cell culture medium. Porcine corneas were hydrostatically pressed at 980 MPa at 10 or 30 degrees ...
Deusner Christian - - 2010
Novel high-pressure biotechnical systems that were developed and applied for the study of anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) are described. The systems, referred to as high-pressure continuous incubation system (HP-CI system) and high-pressure manifold-incubation system (HP-MI system), allow for batch, fed-batch, and continuous gas-phase free incubation at high concentrations of ...
Zhou Mi - - 2010
The Raman spectra of a series of meso-substituted porphyrin self-assemblies have been measured as a function of pressure up to 13 GPa. In comparison with that for Tpp J-aggregates in our previous investigation [J. Phys. Chem. B, 2008, 112, 15562], a similar phenomenon has been observed in all meso-substituted self-assemblies, ...
He Xinlong - - 2010
This study was designed to evaluate the combined effects of probiotic fermentation and high-pressure extraction (HPE) on the functional properties of Codonopsis lanceolata. The ground C. lanceolata samples were anaerobically fermented with Lactobacillus acidophilus ADH, Bifidobacterium longum B6, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, or Lactobacillus paracasei at 37 degrees C for 10 ...
Hsu Kuo-Chiang - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Whole oysters (Crassostrea gigas) were processed using high-pressure (HP) treatment (150-300 MPa) to determine their shucking and biochemical properties. Subsequently, HP-treated oysters were cooked at 160 degrees C for 90 s, as when preparing the oyster omelette dish, to evaluate their physical and sensory characteristics as compared to raw ...
Bartlett Douglas H - - 2010
The manipulation of biological materials using elevated pressure is providing an ever-growing number of opportunities in both the applied and basic sciences. Manipulation of pressure is a useful parameter for enhancing food quality and shelf life; inactivating microbes, viruses, prions, and deleterious enzymes; affecting recombinant protein production; controlling DNA hybridization; ...
Kusube Masataka - - 2010
The recovery of Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Bright Yellow 2 (BY-2) cells in Linsmaire and Skoog medium after treatment at high hydrostatic pressure was investigated using an Evans Blue staining method to discriminate live from dead cells. The survival of BY-2 cells just after the high-pressure treatment at 5 degrees ...
Urayama Paul - - 2010
Fluorescence spectroscopy and microscopy imaging are widely used at ambient pressure for analytical studies on biological systems. Before using fluorescence-based methods at high pressures, biochemical and metabolic probes need to be characterized under pressure to ensure valid quantitative results. In this review, we describe the principles behind the use of ...
Delgado Antonio - - 2010
Some substances of technological importance reveal phase change phenomena in the pressure and temperature range typically applied in biotechnology and food processing. For example, media with high molar volumes like edible oils and fats undergo liquid-solid phase transition at pressure increases up to several hundred megapascals. This article is concerned ...
Kawachi Satoshi - - 2010
The effect of compressed unsaturated hydrocarbon gases on the growth of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated by microcalorimetry. The growth thermograms showed that unsaturated hydrocarbon gases inhibited yeast growth. As an approach to determining the comparative toxicity of unsaturated hydrocarbon gases, we determined the 50% inhibitory pressure (IP(50)) and ...
Venir E - - 2010
The structure-functional properties of milk proteins are relevant in food formulation. Recently, there has been growing interest in dynamic high-pressure homogenization effects on the rheological-structural properties of food macromolecules and proteins. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of different homogenization pressures on rheological properties of milk ...
Ferstl Peter - - 2010
The melting point of triacylglycerides (TAGs) under atmospheric pressure depends on both the fatty acid composition and crystalline structure of the polymorphic state, which are influenced by the temperature treatment history of the TAG. In this contribution, the additional effect of high hydrostatic pressure is described. Samples were placed in ...
Nishiyama Masayoshi - - 2010
We performed in vitro assays to visualize the effects of pressure on the filamentous structure of microtubules. Taxol-stabilized microtubules were tethered to kinesin motors on the observation window of a high-pressure chamber. When pressure was applied to the sample solution, all of the microtubules started to shorten from both ends. ...
Song Kwonyul - - 2010
In tube injection systems applied in high-pressure processing of packed biomaterials and foods, the pressure-transmitting medium is injected into the vessel to increase the pressure up to 1000 MPa, generating a submerged liquid-free jet. The presence of a turbulent-free jet during the pressurization phase and its positive influence on the ...
Oger Phil M - - 2010
Until recently, monitoring of cells and cellular activities at high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) was mainly limited to ex situ observations. Samples were analyzed prior to and following the depressurization step to evaluate the effect of the pressure treatment. Such ex situ measurements have several drawbacks: (i) it does not allow ...
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