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Xiao H Y - - 2010
Ab initio total-energy calculations and X-ray diffraction measurements have been combined to study the phase stability of zirconate pyrochlores (A(2)Zr(2)O(7); A = La, Nd and Sm) under pressures up to 50 GPa. Phase transformations to the defect-cotunnite structure are theoretically predicted at pressures of 22, 20 and 18 GPa, in ...
Jaubert L D C - - 2010
We study the low-temperature behavior of spin ice when uniaxial pressure induces a tetragonal distortion. There is a phase transition between a Coulomb liquid and a fully magnetized phase. Unusually, it combines features of discontinuous and continuous transitions: the order parameter exhibits a jump, but this is accompanied by a ...
Grau Etienne - - 2010
Free radical polymerization of ethylene in an intermediate pressure and temperature range (P(ethylene) < 250 bar and 50 °C < T < 90 °C) in the presence of an organic solvent has been studied. Under selected conditions (P, T) and according to the amount of organic solvent added, either a ...
Hao Changtong - - 2010
Ultraviolet photodissociation (UVPD) was evaluated as a technique for generating ion fragmentation information that is alternative and/or complementary to the information obtained by collision-induced dissociation (CID). Ions trapped in a pressurized linear ion trap were dissociated using a 355 nm or a 266 nm pulsed laser. Comparisons of UVPD and ...
Dreger Zbigniew A - - 2010
Raman spectroscopy and optical imaging were used to determine the phase boundaries between various hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) polymorphs. Experiments were performed on single crystals at pressures up to 8.0 GPa and temperatures ranging from room temperature to 550 K. Several distinct pressure regions were found in the RDX response at elevated ...
Ko Bong-Kuk - - 2010
Meju, a brick of dried fermented soybean naturally inoculated with microorganisms, is a starter used for producing traditional Korean fermented soybean products such as soybean paste (doenjang) and soy sauce (ganjang). In order to reduce aging time during production of soybean paste and soy sauce, high pressure (HP) treatment was ...
Murli Chitra - - 2010
We report here the first in-situ Raman spectroscopic study of pressure-induced structural and polymeric transformations of acrylic acid. Two crystalline phases (I and II) were observed upon compression to approximately 0.3 and approximately 2.7 GPa. Phase I can be characterized with a single s-cis molecular conformation with possibly a similar ...
Ramu L - - 2010
The temperature and pressure dependence of (35)Cl NQR frequency and spin lattice relaxation time (T(1)) were investigated in 2,3-dichloroanisole. Two NQR signals were observed throughout the temperature and pressure range studied. T(1) were measured in the temperature range from 77 to 300 K and from atmospheric pressure to 5 kbar. ...
Gogou Eleni - - 2010
The potential use of Thermomyces lanuginosus xylanase to develop a pressure-temperature-time integrator (PTTI) for high pressure processing was investigated. The combined effect of pressure and temperature on the inactivation of xylanase was studied in the pressure range of 100 to 600 MPa and temperature range of 50 to 70 degrees ...
Jacobo-Velázquez D A - - 2010
High hydrostatic pressure (HHP) pasteurized and refrigerated avocado and mango pulps contain lower microbial counts and thus are safer and acceptable for human consumption for a longer period of time, when compared to fresh unprocessed pulps. However, during their commercial shelf life, changes in their sensory characteristics take place and ...
Wang Zhao - - 2010
A sapphire anvil cell, a portable system having a sample volume of about 400 mm(3) (Phi8x8 mm), has been developed for gas hydrates research under high pressure. As both pressure and temperature of the sample can be precisely monitored in real time, the system has significant advantages for gas hydrates ...
Tona K - - 2010
Broiler performance is known to be related to embryonic developmental parameters. However, strain or genotype differences with regard to embryo physiological parameters and juvenile growth have received little attention. A total of 1,200 hatching eggs produced by Cobb and Ross broiler breeders of the same age were studied. At setting ...
Candelario Hugo Ernesto - - 2010
High-pressure processing (HPP) has been proposed as an alternative quarantine method against the Mexican fruit fly Anastrepha ludens Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), which is one of the most important pests infesting mangoes, citrus, and other fruits in Mexico and other Latin-American countries. However, processing conditions used to destroy eggs and larvae ...
Citroni Margherita - - 2010
The room-temperature pressure-induced reaction of nitromethane has been studied by means of infrared spectroscopy in conjunction with ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. The evolution of the IR spectrum during the reaction has been monitored at 32.2 and 35.5 GPa performing the measurements in a diamond anvil cell. The simulations allowed ...
Li Min - - 2010
Brillouin scattering measurements were performed on liquid methane using diamond anvil cell along five isotherms and at the pressures up to solidification points. Sound velocity, refractive index, and adiabatic bulk modulus of liquid methane as function of pressure were determined with the measurements from the platelet and backscattering geometries. The ...
Gupta Rockendra R Department of Food Science and Technology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2010
A study was conducted to characterize the storage stability of lycopene in hot-break tomato juice prepared from two different cultivars and processed by various pressure-heat combinations. Samples were subjected to pressure assisted thermal processing (PATP; 600 MPa, 100 degrees C, 10 min), high pressure processing (HPP; 700 MPa, 45 degrees ...
Huang Zhen - - 2010
Evidences indicating the presence of phase transformations in the mixed cholesteryl benzoate (CBE) and cholesteryl butyrate (CBU) under the supercritical CO(2) pressurization, by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), are presented in this work. These include (1) the DSC heating curve of pure CBU; (2) the ...
Lietor-Santos J J - - 2010
We study the structural properties of microgels made of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) and acrylic acid as a function of hydrostatic pressure and temperature using small angle neutron scattering. Hydrostatic pressure induces particle deswelling by changing the mixing of the microgel with the solvent, similar to temperature. We extend this analogy to the ...
Uddin Md Nasir - - 2010
Variable-pressure deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance ((2)H NMR) has been used to study the pressure-temperature phase diagram of bicellar mixtures containing 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) and 1,2-dihexanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DHPC). Spectra were obtained for DMPC-d(54)/DHPC (3:1), DMPC-d(54)/DHPC (4.4:1), DMPC/DHPC-d(22) (3:1), and DMPC/DHPC-d(22) (4.4:1) in the range 10-68 degrees C at ambient pressure, 66 MPa, 102 ...
Jaramillo R - - 2010
The elemental antiferromagnet Cr at high pressure presents a new type of naked quantum critical point that is free of disorder and symmetry-breaking fields. Here we measure magnetotransport in fine detail around the critical pressure, Pc approximately 10 GPa, in a diamond anvil cell and reveal the role of quantum ...
Nakajima Kenichi - - 2010
In previous studies on the physical chemistry of pyrometallurgical processing of aluminum scrap, only a limited number of thermodynamic parameters, such as the Gibbs free energy change of impurity reactions and the variation of activity of an impurity in molten aluminum, were taken into account. In contrast, in this study ...
Oka Kengo - - 2010
The structural and electronic properties of BiCoO(3) under high pressure have been investigated. Synchrotron X-ray and neutron powder diffraction studies show that the structure changes from a polar PbTiO(3) type to a centrosymmetric GdFeO(3) type above 3 GPa with a large volume decrease of 13% at room temperature revealing a ...
Tumanov N A - - 2010
The effect of pressure on L-alanine has been studied by X-ray powder diffraction (up to 12.3 GPa), single-crystal X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and optical microscopy (up to approximately 6 GPa). No structural phase transitions have been observed. At approximately 2 GPa the cell parameters a and b become accidentally equal ...
Pickard Chris J - - 2010
Studying materials at terapascal (TPa) pressures will provide insights into the deep interiors of large planets and chemistry under extreme conditions. The equation of state of aluminium is of interest because it is used as a standard material in shock-wave experiments and because it is a typical sp-bonded metal. Here ...
Millar David I A - - 2010
The high-pressure, high-temperature epsilon-form of the widely used explosive RDX has been structurally characterised using a combination of diffraction techniques, and a sample of this form has been successfully recovered to ambient pressure.
Haines Julien - - 2010
The incorporation of carbon dioxide or argon stabilizes the structure of the microporous silica polymorph silicalite well beyond the stability range of tetrahedrally coordinated SiO(2) and, in fact, beyond even the metastability range of low-pressure silica polymorphs such as quartz and cristobalite at room temperature. The bulk modulus of silicalite ...
Sangthong Winyoo - - 2010
The energy versus volume equations of state are calculated for seven known and hypothetical polymorphic forms of ZnX, CdX, and MgX (where X = O, S, Se, Te). From these data the phases of lowest enthalpy are extracted with respect to decreasing pressure starting at the ground state for all ...
Martynkien Tadeusz - - 2010
We designed, manufactured and characterized two birefringent microstructured fibers that feature a 5-fold increase in polarimetric sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure compared to the earlier reported values for microstructured fibers. We demonstrate a good agreement between the finite element simulations and the experimental values for the polarimetric sensitivity to pressure and ...
Ahmed Alauddin - - 2010
The pressure and energy behavior of the Gaussian core model (GCM) fluid as a function of strain-rate are obtained from nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations for a wide range of thermodynamic state points. An analytical dependence of pressure on strain-rate is observed which is in agreement with a Taylor series expansion ...
Hay Sam - - 2010
We report the first study of the effects of hydrostatic pressure on α-2° KIEs for an enzyme-catalysed H-transfer reaction that occurs by 'deep' tunnelling. High pressure causes a significant decrease in the observed α-2° KIE on the pre-steady-state hydride transfer from NADH to FMN in the flavoprotein morphinone reductase. We ...
Kopecka-Pilarczyk J - - 2010
Hydrostatic pressure elevated to 500 kPa for 14 days was found to affect hepatic 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD), oxidized protein (POx), protein yield and branchial Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase. No effect on glutathione-S-transferase (GST), superoxidase dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), lipid peroxidation (LP), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), condition factor (K) and hepato-somatic index (I(H)) was encountered.
Jackson N R - - 2010
Methodology has been developed so as to attain routine extreme conditions as high as 10-15 GPa in a gem anvil optical pressure cell using hand (manual) processed gem anvils. The anvils polished by a simplified hand held tool are inexpensive single crystal cubic zirconia (CZ) gems that have various optical ...
Ahonsi Monday O - - 2010
Phytophthora nicotianae Breda de Haan is a common pathogen of ornamental plants in recycled irrigation systems. In a previous study, annual vinca (Catharanthus roseus Don) inoculated with zoospore suspensions using a CO(2)-pressurized sprayer had less foliage blight than plants inoculated using a hand sprayer. Here, the impact of hydrostatic pressure, ...
Giriat Gaétan - - 2010
We have developed a miniature diamond anvil cell for magnetization measurements in a widely used magnetic property measurement system commercial magnetometer built around a superconducting quantum interference device. The design of the pressure cell is based on the turnbuckle principle in which force can be created and maintained by rotating ...
Johnson Christopher N - - 2010
Top predators are increasingly recognized as important regulators of ecosystem structure. Elmhagen et al. in this issue show how a recolonizing population of lynx in Finland is in the process of imposing control of the abundance of a mesopredator, the red fox, and relaxing predation pressure on a prey species. ...
Zhang F X - - 2010
Pressure-induced cation and anion disordering in La2Zr2O7 pyrochlore is quantitatively analyzed by Rietveld refinement of in situ x-ray diffraction patterns, Raman, and infrared measurements. An anomalous lattice expansion and obvious change of the pressure dependence of the vibrational modes occur at ∼10  GPa. The pressure-induced water incorporation in the La2Zr2O7 pyrochlore structure ...
Li Lin - - 2010
This study investigated the inactivation of total aerobic bacteria (TAB), lactic acid bacteria (LAB), yeasts in sour Chinese cabbage (SCC) treated by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP). The pressure level ranged from 200 to 600 MPa and the treatment time were 10-30 min. All samples were stored at 4, 27 and ...
Korsakov Andrey V - - 2010
Raman-based geobarometry has recently become increasingly popular because it is an elegant way to obtain information on peak metamorphic conditions or the entire pressure-temperature-time (P-T-t) path of metamorphic rocks, especially those formed under ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) conditions. However, several problems need to be solved to get reliable estimates of metamorphic conditions. ...
Saxena Sumit - - 2010
A novel quasi-two-dimensional phase of carbon and the formation of a metastable hexagonal phase of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have been investigated using density functional theory (DFT) by subjecting the SWCNT bundles to hydrostatic pressure. The chirality of the nanotubes determines the breaking of symmetry of the nanotubes under compression. ...
Dewaele Agnès - - 2010
In situ x-ray diffraction has been used to characterize the structural modifications of tantalum samples under intense laser irradiation, up to 135 GPa in a diamond anvil cell. Melting data points are obtained that do not confirm the previously reported anomalously low melting curve. Two effects are identified that might alter the ...
Gruzielanek Stefan - - 2010
The influence of pressure on the nucleation rate of insulin under fibril-forming conditions was studied and subsequently analysed using classical nucleation theory. The aim was a better understanding and quantification of the influence of pressure on protein aggregation/fibrillation reactions. The application of pressure has a drastic accelerating effect on the ...
Zhang Xiuwen - - 2010
We show how pressure fundamentally alters the repulsive nature of the nonreactive Li-Cs mixture, converting it from strongly phase separating at ambient pressure to strongly long-range ordering at high pressures. The ordered phases found via a global space group optimization within the density-functional theory are Li7Cs in the Cmmm structure, ...
Ware Michael W - - 2010
The effect of UV exposure on Toxoplasma gondii oocysts has not been completely defined for use in water disinfection. This study evaluated UV-irradiated oocysts by three assays: a SCID mouse bioassay, an in vitro T. gondii oocyst plaque (TOP) assay, and a quantitative reverse transcriptase real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) assay. The ...
Lenzer Thomas - - 2010
Experiments employing pulsed high-pressure (< or = 90 bar) supersonic jet expansions into a laser REMPI time-of-flight mass spectrometer are presented. Due to the very short opening time of the high-pressure valve, a compact arrangement with moderate pumping speed requirements is sufficient, which can be used up to 50 Hz ...
Armitage N P - - 2010
The application of pressure to elemental bismuth reduces its conduction-valence band overlap, and results in a semimetal-semiconductor (SMSC) transition around 25 kbar. This transition is nominally of the topological "Lifshitz" Fermi surface variety, but there are open questions about the role of interactions at low charge densities. Using a novel ...
Szczurowski Marcin K - - 2010
We experimentally characterized a birefringent microstructured polymer fiber of specific construction, which allows for single mode propagation in two cores separated by a pair of large holes. The fiber exhibits high birefringence in each of the cores as well as relatively weak coupling between the cores. Spectral dependence of the ...
Rouget Jean-Baptiste - - 2010
The volumetric properties of proteins yield information about the changes in packing and hydration between various states along the folding reaction coordinate and are also intimately linked to the energetics and dynamics of these conformations. These volumetric characteristics can be accessed via pressure perturbation methods. In this work, we report ...
Nishikawa Masato - - 2010
A high-pressure wet-type jet mill is a powerful equipment used for the dispersion and emulsification of substances. In this study, we investigated its usefulness in the preparation of skin cream formulations. We prepared a hydrophilic ointment base as a typical skin cream base, and then treated it with the wet-type ...
Nishiguchi Yoshikazu - - 2011
The effects of high hydrostatic pressure on lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities from two species of hagfish were examined. LDH from Eptatretus okinoseanus, a deep-sea species, retained 67% of the original activity even at 100 MPa. LDH activity from Eptatretus burgeri, a shallow-sea species, was completely lost at 50 MPa but recovered to ...
Razzaq Tahseen - - 2010
Microreactor technology and continuous flow processing in general are key features in making organic synthesis both more economical and environmentally friendly. When preformed under a high-temperature/pressure process intensification regime many transformations originally not considered suitable for flow synthesis owing to long reaction times can be converted into high-speed flow chemistry ...
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