Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 3049
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Walspurger Stéphane - - 2010
Alkali-promoted hydrotalcite-based materials showed very high CO(2) storage capacity, exceeding 15 mmol g(-1) when the carbonation reaction was carried out at relatively high temperature (300-500 °C) and high partial pressure of steam and CO(2). In situ XRD experiments have allowed correlation of high CO(2) capacity to the transformation of magnesium oxide centres into ...
Ceppatelli Matteo - - 2010
The room temperature photoinduced reactivity of liquid ethanol has been studied as a function of pressure up to 1.5 GPa by means of a diamond anvil cell. Exploiting the dissociative character of the lowest electronic excited states, reached through two-photon absorption of near-UV photons (350 nm), irreversible reactive processes have ...
Kulkarni A - - 2010
The enthalpy landscape of CaC(2) was investigated on the ab initio level, and possible (meta)stable structures are predicted. Simulated annealing was used as a global exploration method for the determination of the local minima on the enthalpy landscapes, where the only information supplied was the number of atoms per unit ...
Huang Yi-Wen - - 2010
The reaction rate constant of acetic acid with the hydroxyl radical is measured at 93 Torr with our high-pressure flow system (HPFS) and found to display a negative temperature dependence that can be described by the Arrhenius expression, k(T) = (2.44 ± 0.22) × 10(-14) exp ((1027 ± 24)/T)) cm(3) ...
Jahn Sandro - - 2010
Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations and in situ Raman spectroscopy are used to study the speciation in two molal aqueous MgSO4 solutions at high pressures, P, and temperatures, T. While at ambient conditions the fluid is dominated by dissociated SO42−(aq) ions and solvent-separated ion pairs, ion association strongly increases with ...
Ma Lei - - 2011
This study identified and validated high hydrostatic pressure processing (HPP) for achieving greater than 3.52-log reductions of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in the Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) and determined shelf life of processed oysters stored at 5°C or in ice. Raw Pacific oysters were inoculated with a clinical strain of V. parahaemolyticus ...
Gao Feng - - 2010
Microscopic and spectroscopic techniques at near-atmospheric pressures have been used in recent years to investigate CO oxidation over Pt-group metals. New insights have been obtained that allow broadening of the understanding of this reaction beyond the ultrahigh vacuum regime where it is well-understood. However, new issues also have arisen that ...
Crisman Ryan L - - 2010
Crystallization of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) at elevated pressures was investigated in the presence of 6,000 molecular weight poly(ethylene glycol; PEG-6000). Crystallization of rhGH at atmospheric pressure occurred at a protein concentration of 15 mg/mL in 6% PEG-6000. Crystallization did not occur in the same solutions at 250 MPa. In contrast, ...
Sánchez Gloria - - 2011
Abstract The effect of high hydrostatic pressure (HPP) was evaluated for inactivation of murine norovirus (MNV), a propagable norovirus (NoV), and human NoV genogroup II.4. Inactivation of MNV was assessed by viral culturing (50% tissue culture infectious dose [TCID(50)]) and real-time reverse-transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), whereas NoV survival was determined ...
Mourre Vincent V INRAP Méditerranée, 561 rue Étienne Lenoir-KM Delta, 30900 Nîmes, - - 2010
Pressure flaking has been considered to be an Upper Paleolithic innovation dating to ~20,000 years ago (20 ka). Replication experiments show that pressure flaking best explains the morphology of lithic artifacts recovered from the ~75-ka Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa. The technique was used during the ...
Samaranayake Chaminda P - - 2010
In situ measurement of pH under high pressure is complicated by the need to remain functional under extreme pressures, electrically noisy environments, and the difficulty in inferring chemical equilibrium conditions under pressure. We describe a pH sensor wherein the current flowing at a given input voltage is directly related to ...
Oger Philippe M - - 2010
The current paper reviews strategies employed by microorganisms from the deep biosphere, especially piezophiles (from the greek piezo = to press and philo = love), to cope with high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) prevailing in these biotopes. The aim of this review is not to constitute an exhaustive report of our current knowledge on the ...
Suzuki Yoshiharu - - 2010
We have made high density amorphous ice (HDA) by the pressure-induced amorphization of hexagonal ice at 77 K and measured the volume change on isobaric heating in a pressure range between 0.1 and 1.5 GPa. The volume of HDA on heating below ∼0.35 GPa increases, while the volume of HDA on ...
Maugis Benoît - - 2010
We have demonstrated that the two- and three-dimensional motility of the human pathogenic parasite Entamoeba histolytica (Eh) depends on sustained instability of the intracellular hydrostatic pressure. This instability drives the cyclic generation and healing of membrane blebs, with typical protrusion velocities of 10-20 μm/second over a few hundred milliseconds and ...
De Vleeschouwer Kristel - - 2010
The effect of high pressure-high temperature (HPHT) processing on the formation of acrylamide and other Maillard-type reaction compounds was investigated in order to elucidate the impact of HPHT conditions on the different stages of the Maillard reaction. This study was performed in equimolar asparagine-glucose model systems that were treated at ...
Qin Junfeng - - 2010
The Brillouin scattering spectroscopy studies have been conducted in a diamond anvil cell for a liquid mixtures composed of 95 mol % H(2)O and 5 mol % CO(2) under high temperatures and pressures. The sound velocity, refractive index, density, and adiabatic bulk modulus of the H(2)O+CO(2) mixtures were determined under pressures up ...
Feng Huajie - - 2010
Self-diffusion and structural properties of ammonia, methylamine and trimethylamine have been studied by molecular dynamics simulation in the temperature range between the melting pressure curve and 700 K at pressures up to 400 MPa. The calculation results agree well with the experiment, which suggests that one can use the simulation ...
Somkuti Judit - - 2011
High-pressure Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used to determine the pressure and temperature stability of Mal d1. This study was triggered by contradictory results in the literature regarding the success of pressure treatment in the destruction of the allergen. The protein unfolded at 55°C when heated at normal atmospheric pressure. ...
Mizrahi Amit - - 2010
We demonstrate negative radiation pressure on gain medium structures, such that light amplification may cause a nanoscale body to be pulled toward a light source. Optically large gain medium structures, such as slabs and spheres, as well as deep subwavelength bodies, may experience this phenomenon. The threshold gain for radiation ...
Bapat Prasad N - - 2010
We report the effect of applied pressure on the dielectric properties of composites of a nematic liquid crystal with hydrophilic Aerosil particles. The study, which is the first of its kind on the nanocolloidal Aerosil systems, also has the novelty that a weakly polar nematogen is used as the host ...
Cioni Patrizia - - 2011
After a brief overview of NMR and X-ray crystallography studies on protein flexibility under pressure, we summarize the effects of hydrostatic pressure on the native fold of azurin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa as inferred from the variation of the intrinsic phosphorescence lifetime and the acrylamide bimolecular quenching rate constants of the ...
Kumar Ravhi S - - 2010
We have investigated the high-pressure crystal and electronic structures of superconducting FeSe by high-resolution synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction and density functional theory (DFT) calculations at ambient and at low temperatures down to 8 K. Ambient nuclear resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (NRIXS) experiments were performed on FeSe to understand the partial ...
Youart Alyssa M - - 2010
A mathematical model was developed to predict time to inactivation (TTI) by high pressure processing of Listeria monocytogenes in a broth system (pH 6.3) as a function of pressure (450 to 700 MPa), inoculum level (2 to 6 log CFU/ml), sodium chloride (1 or 2%), and sodium lactate (0 or ...
Hashimoto S - - 2010
A NMR system for in situ analysis of hydrogen storage materials under high pressure and temperature conditions was developed. The system consists of a gas pressure and flow rate controlling unit, a temperature controller, a high temperature NMR probe tunable for both (1)H and other nuclei, and a sample tube ...
Zhang Qi - - 2011
The aim of this paper is to provide new experimental data of the minimum ignition energy (MIE) of gaseous nitromethane/air mixtures to discuss the explosion pressure and the flame temperature as a function of nitromethane concentration. Observations on the influence of nitromethane concentration on combustion pressure and temperature through the ...
Fabbian Fabio - - 2011
Introduction. Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) is an independent predictor of mortality. The aim of this study was to relate pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) to the cardiovascular status of dialysis patients. Methods. 27 peritoneal dialysis (PD) and 29 haemodialysis (HD) patients (60 ± 13 years, 37 males, dialysis vintage was 40 ± ...
Yu Isseki - - 2010
The influence of hydrostatic pressure on the partial molar volume (PMV) of the protein apomyoglobin (AMb) was investigated by all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Using the time-resolved Kirkwood-Buff (KB) approach, the dynamic behavior of the PMV was identified. The simulated time average value of the PMV and its reduction by ...
Hirai Hisako - - 2010
High pressure and low temperature experiments with CO(2) hydrate were performed using diamond anvil cells and a helium-refrigeration cryostat in the pressure and temperature range of 0.2-3.0 GPa and 280-80 K, respectively. In situ x-ray diffractometry revealed that the phase boundary between CO(2) hydrate and water+CO(2) extended below the 280 ...
Karmali Amin - - 2011
Glucose 2-oxidase (pyranose oxidase, pyranose:oxygen-2-oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.3.10) from Coriolus versicolor catalyses the oxidation of D: -glucose at carbon 2 in the presence of molecular O(2) producing D: -glucosone (2-keto-glucose and D: -arabino-2-hexosulose) and H(2)O(2). It was used to convert D: -glucose into D: -glucosone at moderate pressures (i.e. up to ...
Halonen Jaana I JI Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. - - 2011
Cardiovascular mortality has been linked to changes in outdoor temperature. However, the mechanisms behind these effects are not well established. We aimed to study the effect of outdoor temperature on blood pressure, as increased blood pressure is a risk factor for cardiovascular death. The study population consisted of men aged ...
Kim Chul Jin - - 2011
Auto-ignition of lubricating oil working in a compressor for an air conditioner is studied experimentally. The adopted lubricating oil is an unknown mixture with multi-components and known to have flash point temperature of 170 °C. First, its auto-ignition temperature is measured 365 °C at atmospheric pressure. The lubricating oil works ...
Barba Francisco J - - 2010
Variations in levels of antioxidant compounds (ascorbic acid, total phenolics, and total carotenoids), total antioxidant capacity, and color changes in a vegetable (tomato, green pepper, green celery, onion, carrot, lemon, and olive oil) beverage treated by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) were evaluated in this work. The effects of HHP treatment, ...
Cai Rui - - 2010
We report an ambient pressure synthesis method for silicate zeolite. This method combines the advantages of ionothermal synthesis, dry-gel conversion, and microwave radiation, making it a promising, safe, fast, and continuous process for industrial application.
Buckow Roman - - 2010
The degradation kinetics of total anthocyanins in blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) juice were studied during thermal processing by treatment at selected temperatures (60-121 °C) and combined high pressure-temperature processing (100-700 MPa, 40-121 °C). Anthocyanin stability was also studied for several of these treatments during storage at 4, 25, and 40 °C. ...
Wu Huimeng - - 2010
We have demonstrated pressure-directed assembly for preparation of a new class of chemically and mechanically stable gold nanostructures through high pressure-driven sintering of nanoparticle assemblies at room temperature. We show that under a hydrostatic pressure field, the unit cell dimension of a 3D ordered nanoparticle array can be reversibly manipulated ...
Hinghofer-Szalkay Helmut - - 2011
Gravity, like any acceleration, causes a hydrostatic pressure gradient in fluid-filled bodily compartments. At a force of 1G, this pressure gradient amounts to 10 kPa/m. Postural changes alter the distribution of hydrostatic pressure patterns according to the body's alignment to the acceleration field. At a certain location--referred to as hydrostatically ...
Huppertz Hubert - - 2011
Most of the syntheses in solid-state chemistry are performed at constant pressure of ∼1 atm (about 10(5) Pa) by the manipulation of the thermodynamic parameters temperature and composition, leading to a rich variety of compounds. In contrast, the additional variation of pressure has remained virtually unexplored, due to the relatively ...
Neetoo Hudaa - - 2011
Alfalfa sprouts are recurrently implicated in outbreaks of food-borne illnesses as a result of contamination with Salmonella or Escherichia coli O157:H7. In the majority of these outbreaks, the seeds themselves have been shown to be the most likely source of contamination. The aims of this study were to comparatively assess ...
Li Xu - - 2011
The effects of light/dark cycle, mixing pattern and partial pressure of H2 on the growth and hydrogen production of Rhodobacter sphaeroides ZX-5 were investigated. The results from light/dark cycle culture showed that little or no hydrogen production was observed during the dark periods, and the hydrogen production immediately recovered once ...
Wang Li - - 2010
This study focused on the synergistic inactivation effects of combined treatment of HHP and dissolved CO₂ on microorganisms. The aim was to reduce the treatment pressure of the traditional HHP technology and make it more economically feasible. The combined treatment showed a strong bactericidal effect on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia ...
Spahn Claudia - - 2010
Music performance anxiety (MPA) represents a high challenge every vocal performer has to meet. MPA can be defined on a continuum going from a low to a high level. MPA and its phenomena can be considered in terms of four levels: affect, cognition, behaviour, and physiology. A study carried out ...
Ramos S M - - 2010
We report a combined pressure-doping study in the nearly two-dimensional heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn5 as its superconducting phase is driven to the normal state by Sn doping and/or applied pressure. Temperature-pressure-dependent electrical resistivity measurements were performed at the vicinity of a superconducting quantum critical point where Tc→0. A universal plot ...
Brazhkin V V - - 2010
Liquid B2O3 represents an archetypical oxide melt with a superhigh viscosity at the melting temperature. We present the results of the in situ x-ray diffraction study and the in situ viscosity measurements of liquid B2O3 under high pressure up to 8 GPa. Additionally, the 11B solid state NMR spectroscopy study ...
Sprenkle Preston C - - 2010
Contemporary cryoablation technology utilizes the Joule-Thomson effect, defined as a change in temperature that results from expansion of a nonideal gas through an orifice or other restriction. We evaluated the effect of initial gas tank pressures on freezing dynamics in a single-probe model and in a multiprobe model using contemporary ...
Jofré Anna - - 2010
High hydrostatic pressure (HP) processing is used in the food industry to enhance the safety and extend the shelf-life of food. Although a drastic decrease in microbial viability is achieved immediately after the application of HP treatments, under favorable conditions the injured bacteria can recover. The present study evaluated the ...
Schwager Beate - - 2010
Measurements for Sn, made using the laser-heated diamond cell, are reported that extend the melting curve to 68 GPa and 2300 K. Initially the melting temperature of Sn increases linearly with increasing pressure (dT/dP approximately 40 K/GPa) and near 38 GPa (2200 K) the melting curve flattens (dT/dP approximately 0), ...
Wang Lin - - 2010
Y2O3 with particle sizes ranging from 5 nm to 1  μm were studied at high pressure using x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy techniques. Nanometer-sized Y2O3 particles are shown to be more stable than their bulk counterparts, and a grain size-dependent crystalline-amorphous transition was discovered in these materials. High-energy atomic pair distribution ...
Omer M K - - 2010
The effect of high pressure processing (HPP) on the survival of verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) in two types of Norwegian type dry-fermented sausages was studied. Two different types of recipes for each sausage type were produced. The sausage batter was inoculated with 6.8 log(10) CFU/g of VTEC O103:H25. After fermentation, ...
Chen Jian - - 2010
Raman spectroscopic analysis is performed on WO(3) nanowires at room temperature at pressures from ambient conditions to 45 GPa. Linear dependence of the first-order Raman signal on various high-pressure (HP) sections is observed. Upon increasing the applied pressure, the WO(3) nanowires undergo four phase transitions at pressures around 1.7, 4.6, ...
Greathouse Jeffery A - - 2010
Grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations were performed to identify trends in low-pressure adsorption of a broad range of organic molecules by a set of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). While previous simulation studies focused on the adsorption of small molecules such as carbon dioxide and methane, we consider more complicated organic molecules ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >