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Results 301 - 350 of 1050
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Brubakk A O - - 2005
During and after decompression from dives, gas bubbles are regularly observed in the right ventricular outflow tract. A number of studies have documented that these bubbles can lead to endothelial dysfunction in the pulmonary artery but no data exist on the effect of diving on arterial endothelial function. The present ...
Koyama Sumihiro - - 2005
We report successful larval hatching of deep-sea shrimp after decompression to atmospheric pressure. Three specimens of deep-sea shrimp were collected from an ocean depth of 1157 m at cold-seep sites off Hatsushima Island in Sagami Bay, Japan, using a pressure-stat aquarium system. Phylogenetic analysis of Alvinocaris sp. based on cytochrome ...
Mbata George N - - 2005
Previous studies have shown that low pressure creates a low oxygen controlled atmosphere that can kill stored-product insects. The current study was conducted to determine the mortality of life stages of the cowpea weevil, Callosbruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae), exposed to different low pressures and temperatures for various exposure periods. ...
Kantz J - - 2005
A previous study failed to disclose an effect of short (15 min) exposure to low level energy microwaves (3 microW/cm2) emitted by a commercially available automobile radar system (77 GHz) for adaptive cruise control (ACC) on cardiovascular function. The present study explored whether a 15 min exposure to higher level ...
Hozumi Atsushi - - 2005
Well-ordered nanopore arrays were successfully prepared from polystyrene (PS) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) diblock copolymer (DBC) film based on a photochemical approach using 172-nm vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light. Since the etching selectivity between the PS and PMMA domains against activated oxygen species generated by the VUV irradiation of atmospheric oxygen ...
Pinheiro, Rita
Aims: To investigate the effect of total air pressure raise on cell growth and intracellular β-galactosidase activity in batch cultures of Kluyveromyces marxianus CBS 7894. Methods and Results: A pressurized bioreactor was used for K. marxianus batch cultivation under increased air pressure from 1.2 to 6 bar. Under these conditions ...
Balldin Ulf I - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: This study was to determine whether safe and adequate G-protection by pressure breathing during G (PBG) could be maintained if the COMBAT EDGE counter-pressure vest were eliminated to ensure aircrew do not unnecessarily endure a possible in-flight discomfort or distraction. METHODS: Centrifuge exposures up to +9 Gz were completed ...
Cozzi Bruno - - 2005
This study analyzes the structure and mechanical properties of the trachea of the striped dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba, one of the most common cetacean species. The cetacean trachea is made up of closed or semiclosed cartilaginous rings without a paries membranaceus. Our results indicate that the inner lining of the trachea ...
Tamegai Hideyuki - - 2005
The genes of cytochrome bd-encoding cydAB were identified from a deep-sea bacterium Shewanella violacea DSS12. These showed significant homologies with known cydAB gene sequences from various organisms. Additionally, highly conserved regions that are important for the enzymatic function were also conserved in cydA of S. violacea. Based on the results, ...
Evenden Maya L - - 2005
The effect of exposure to both the pheromone and insecticide constituents of an attracticide formulation on subsequent pheromonal response of male oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), was tested in several wind tunnel bioassays. Male response to the attracticide formulation was significantly reduced in all behavioral categories, including ...
Bohm Tim D - - 2005
The determination of the air kerma strength of a brachytherapy seed is necessary for effective treatment planning. Well ionization chambers are used on site at therapy clinics to determine the air kerma strength of seeds. In this work, the response of the Standard Imaging HDR 1000 Plus well chamber to ...
Bulajich Branka - - 2005
PURPOSE: To analyze the influence of meteorological factors such as atmospheric pressure (AP), outdoor temperature (T) changes, and weather phases (WP) on the occurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP). METHODS: Retrospective study, including 659 patients with primary SP and SP associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), conservatively treated in a ...
Griffin S L - - 2005
For some air-communicating well-type chambers used for low-energy brachytherapy source assay, deviations from expected values of measured air kerma strength were observed at low pressures associated with high altitudes. This effect is consistent with an overcompensation by the air density correction to standard atmospheric temperature and pressure (P(TP)). This work ...
Sankaran R Mohan - - 2005
Silicon nanoparticles are synthesized from a mixture of argon/silane in a continuous flow atmospheric-pressure microdischarge reactor. Particles nucleate and grow to a few nanometers (1-3 nm) in diameter before their growth is abruptly terminated in the short residence time microreactor. Narrow size distributions are obtained as inferred from size classification ...
Aguilar Guillermo - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Since the development of laser-induced photothermolysis for the therapy of port wine stain (PWS) birthmarks, clinical results have shown that dark purple lesions usually respond well to the first three to five treatments. However, for most PWS, complete blanching is never achieved, and the lesion stabilizes at ...
Markham Steven E - - 2005
The effects of six biometeorological variables (temperature, precipitation, air pressure, humidity, wind speed, and snow) on plant-wide worker absenteeism rates were investigated using 4 years of daily absence data (n=889). After holding constant temporal variables (years, season, and day of week), and then other biometeorological variables, all but one of ...
Seebacher Frank - - 2005
The differences in physical properties of air and water pose unique behavioural and physiological demands on semiaquatic animals. The aim of this study was to describe the diving behaviour of the freshwater crocodile Crocodylus johnstoni in the wild and to assess the relationships between diving, body temperature, and heart rate. ...
Karpińska Maria - - 2005
Two groups of buildings (29 in total) were examined to assess the time changeability in radon concentrations. All the buildings showed seasonal changes with the individual schemes of radon concentration changeability, which varied together with the changes in outside weather parameters, such as temperature and pressure. Measurements based on several ...
Hałatek Tadeusz - - 2005
The nervous system is the major target of the toxic effect of manganese (Mn) and its compounds in welding fumes. In humans, inhalation is the most frequent route of Mn access, therefore, the respiratory tract and lungs are usually involved in the process of translocation of inhaled noxius agent by ...
Amérand Aline - - 2005
The effects of hydrostatic pressure on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production have been studied in vitro on fish red muscle fibres. In the eel, Anguilla anguilla, previous studies have shown that hydrostatic pressure acclimatization improves oxidative phosphorylation efficiency together with a supposed concomitant decrease in electron leak and ROS production. ...
Repanos Costa - - 2005
Bleeding and rupture of blood vessels has been correlated with weather conditions in the past. This is the first study in the world literature with the aim of investigating the relationship between atmospheric pressure and temperature with the presentation of aortic dissection. The dates of all emergency aortic dissection repairs ...
Castaños Martinez E - - 2004
The modeling of microwave-sustained discharges at atmospheric pressure is much less advanced than at reduced pressure (<10 Torr) because of the greater complexity of the mechanisms involved. In particular, discharge contraction, a characteristic feature of high-pressure discharges, is not well understood. To describe adequately this phenomenon, one needs to consider ...
Izmaylov D M - - 2005
Correlations between the parameters of life-span (LS) distribution of Drosophila melanogaster, including mean LS (MLS) and the time of 10 and 90% population mortality, and some geophysical parameters that are usually beyond the control of researchers dealing with laboratory cultures, including atmospheric pressure, solar activity indices (Wolf's sunspot numbers and ...
Linna A - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate whether exposure to cobalt in cobalt plants has any measurable effect on the cardiovascular system. METHODS: Occupational, cross sectional study, using a self administered questionnaire, blood pressure measurement, electrocardiography, and laboratory tests in which 203 male workers with at least one year of exposure to cobalt and ...
Hozumi Atsushi - - 2004
This paper describes the photochemical surface modification of polystyrene (PS) substrates using vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light 172 nm in wavelength. We have particularly focused on the effects of atmospheric pressure during VUV irradiation on the obtained surface's wettability and the stability of the wettability, in addition to its chemical structure, ...
Chou Tzu-Chieh - - 2004
To evaluate the effects of the occupational exposure to rayon manufacturing chemicals (RMC, containing predominantly carbon disulfide (CS(2)) and minor sulfuric acid) in a rayon factory on the basal transepidermal water loss (TEWL), barrier integrity (BI), and sequential increasing TEWL profiles. Six Thais and five Chinese workers in the spinning ...
Arieli R - - 2005
The contribution of inert gases to the risk of central nervous system (CNS) oxygen toxicity is a matter of controversy. Therefore, diving regulations apply strict rules regarding permissible oxygen pressures (Po(2)). We studied the effects of nitrogen and helium (0, 15, 25, 40, 50, and 60%) and different levels of ...
Vouyouka Angela G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although de-endothelialization after vascular intervention is associated with intimal hyperplasia, endothelial cells (ECs) increase smooth muscle cell (SMC) numbers in conventional cocultures. In previously published work, SMCs cocultured with ECs in a chronic high-pressure environment exhibited significantly decreased cell counts compared to monocultured SMCs in the same high pressure. ...
Penache C - - 2004
A new plasma-based micropatterning technique, here referred to as plasma printing, combines the well known advantages given by the nonequilibrium character of a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) and its operation inside small gas volumes with dimension between tens and hundreds of micrometres. The discharge is run at atmospheric pressure and ...
Su Chien-Ling - - 2004
Diving acclimatization refers to a reduced susceptibility to acute decompression sickness (DCS) in individuals undergoing repeated compression-decompression cycles. We demonstrated in a previous study that the mechanism responsible for this acclimatization is similar to that of stress preconditioning. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of prior DCS preconditioning ...
Hort Joanne - - 2004
A multichannel flavor delivery system, Dynataste, was developed. Controlled amounts of isoamyl acetate (100 ppm) and sucrose (0-3%) solution was administered to experienced and naïve assessors who used time intensity techniques to record perceived 'fruit' flavor intensity. In-nose volatile delivery was monitored using atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry. Results indicated ...
Paytan Adina - - 2004
The exogenic sulfur cycle is tightly coupled with the carbon and oxygen cycles, and therefore a central component of Earth's biogeochemistry. Here we present a high-resolution record of the sulfur isotopic composition of seawater sulfate for the Cretaceous. The general enrichment of isotopically light sulfur that prevailed during the Cretaceous ...
Suzuki Yasumasa - - 2004
Resonance measurements and atomic force microscopy (AFM) observations were carried out by the non-contact AFM operating in various gas atmospheres (hydrogen, helium, nitrogen and argon) over the range of pressures from 0.1 to 1.1 MPa. In each atmosphere, the resonance frequency of the AFM cantilever depended on the pressure of ...
Gong Henry H - - 2004
Twelve mildly asthmatic and four healthy adults were exposed to filtered air (FA) and concentrated ambient coarse particles (CCP) supplied to a whole-body exposure chamber via a coarse particle concentrator with 15 parallel virtual impactors. Exposures were conducted in a Los Angeles suburb with high levels of motor-vehicle pollution and ...
Christ G - - 2004
Air density must be taken into account when ionization dosimetry is performed with unsealed ionization chambers. The German dosimetry protocol DIN 6800-2 states an air density correction factor for which current barometric pressure and temperature and their reference values must be known. It also states that differences between air density ...
Fishwick David - - 2004
AIMS: This study investigates whether work-related respiratory symptoms and acute falls in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), previously observed in current welders, are related to measured workplace exposures to total fume and metals. METHODS: At four work sites in New Zealand, changes in pulmonary function (and reported respiratory ...
Vettier Aurélie - - 2004
Eels from different locations were tested comparing their energetic capacities to migrate by studying muscle (red and white) aerobic metabolism. As the migratory activity corresponds to a lengthy swimming activity at depth, their pressure resistance was evaluated by considering fish response to compression, mitochondrial respiration measured under pressure (101 ATA) ...
Ghione Sergio - - 2004
Previous studies have shown that exposure to an electromagnetic field (EMF) of 37 Hz at a flux density of 80 microT peak enhances nociceptive sensitivity in mice. Here we examined the effects on pain sensitivity and some indexes of cardiovascular regulation mechanisms in humans by measuring electrical cutaneous thresholds, arterial ...
Elliott James A - - 2004
We present classical molecular dynamics simulations demonstrating that single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) bundles collapse under hydrostatic pressure. The collapse pressures obtained as a function of nanotube diameter are in excellent quantitative agreement with new data presented here for small diameter (d approximately 0.8 nm) SWNTs, and the majority of previously ...
Yamada Masuyoshi - - 2004
The decrease of trichlorophenol by injecting oxidation catalyst into a municipal solid waste incinerator was monitored in real time. Direct sampling atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI)/ion trap mass spectrometry (ITMS) was used for the real-time monitoring. The oxidation catalyst was iron oxide type, which exponentially reduced trichlorophenol emission. CO emission, ...
Iizuka Kenji - - 2004
Hypertension is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis and the genesis of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Therefore, the protection of atherosclerosis progression is one of the purpose of an anti-hypertensive treatment in vascular system. Nitric oxide (NO)-releasing drugs have been reported to have an inhibitory effect on shear stress-induced extracellular ...
Dedieu David - - 2004
Previous studies have demonstrated opposite effects of high-pressure helium and nitrogen on extracellular dopamine (DA) levels, which may reflect disturbances on the synthesis, release or metabolic mechanisms. Intrastriatal microdialysis was used to measure the precursor (tyrosine), DA and its metabolites (DOPAC, HVA) levels under nitrogen- or helium- at pressure up ...
Ghorui S - - 2004
Fluctuations in arc plasma devices are extremely important for any technological application in thermal plasma. The origin of such fluctuations remains unexplained. This paper presents a theory for observed fluctuations in atmospheric pressure arc plasma devices. A qualitative explanation for observed behavior on atmospheric pressure arc plasma fluctuations, reported in ...
Heise, M.
The emission of UV light as well as chemical reaction in plasmas allow them to be used for decontamination of food packaging. Sterilization efficiency of different dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) setups at atmospheric pressure was investigated for spores of B. subtilis and A. niger sprayed onto PET foils. In normal ...
Hublitz I - - 2004
A major challenge of designing a bioregenerative life support system for Mars is the reduction of the mass, volume, power, thermal and crew-time requirements. Structural mass of the greenhouse could be saved by operating the greenhouse at low atmospheric pressure. This paper investigates the feasibility of this concept. The method ...
Kurtoğlu Mehmet - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) is a highly mortal entity. In recent years, the role of seasonality has been proposed in the incidence of RAAA. In this study, we sought possible correlations between monthly atmospheric pressures and the number of patients admitted with RAAA. METHODS: Twenty-four patients who were ...
Neubauer B - - 2004
During diving the respiratory tract is exposed to occupational hazards (increased oxygen partial pressure, pulmonary vessel engorgement during submersion, inert gas micro embolism during decompression). Leukotriene-B4 [LTB4] concentrations in the exhaled breath mirrors the inflammatory activity of the airways if the respiratory tract has been exposed to occupational hazards. In ...
Paul Anna-Lisa - - 2004
As a step in developing an understanding of plant adaptation to low atmospheric pressures, we have identified genes central to the initial response of Arabidopsis to hypobaria. Exposure of plants to an atmosphere of 10 kPa compared with the sea-level pressure of 101 kPa resulted in the significant differential expression ...
Gong Henry H - - 2003
Epidemiologic studies report health effects associated with exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM), but underlying biologic mechanisms remain unclear. We evaluated pulmonary and systemic effects in twelve healthy human adult and twelve asthmatic volunteers exposed once for 2 hours in a whole-body chamber to approximately 200 microg/m3 concentrated ambient particles ...
DeGorordo Antonio - - 2003
Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus (SCUBA) diving popularity is increasing tremendously, reaching a total of 9 million people in the US during 2001, and 50,000 in the UK in 1985. Over the past 10 years, new advances, equipment improvements, and improved diver education have made SCUBA diving safer and more enjoyable. ...
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