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Arakawa Shizuka - - 2006
Deep-sea sediment samples were collected at a depth of 3,064 m in the Japan Sea. Microorganisms in the sediment sample were cultivated under several pressure conditions, and the high-pressure adapted microbes were isolated. Two of the isolates exhibited piezophilic growth profiles. This is the first report to show the presence ...
Hammerschmidt Chad R - - 2006
The fate of atmospherically deposited and environmentally active Hg is uncertain in the Arctic, and of greatest toxicological concern is the transformation to monometh-ylmercury (MMHg). Lake/watershed mass balances were developed to examine MMHg cycling in four northern Alaska lakes near the ecological research station at Toolik Lake (68 degrees 38' ...
Malara P - - 2006
High-sensitivity spectroscopy of methane around 3 microm was carried out by means of a 5.5-mW cw difference-frequency generator in conjunction with a high finesse cavity in off-axis alignment. By cavity-output integration a minimum detectable absorption coefficient of 5.7*10-9 cm-1Hz-1/2 was achieved, which compares well with results already reported in the ...
Walker K J - - 2006
The performance of a proprietary dry suction pleural drainage unit was measured under hyperbaric oxygenation conditions. The test pleural drainage unit was connected to pressure gauges that allowed the pressures created in the suction and collection chambers to be measured as well as the pleural drainage catheter pressures under varied ...
Siemons Nikolai - - 2006
Carbon dioxide injection into coal layers serves the dual purpose to enhance coal bed methane production (ECBM) and to store CO2. The efficiency of this process is expected to be much higher if water is the non-wetting phase in the coal-water-gas system. Therefore, contact angles in the coal-water-CO2 system have ...
Villeneuve P J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Self-reported surveys have indicated that weather can trigger migraine headaches. However, to date, we know of no previous study that has examined the relationship between weather and emergency room (ER) visits for this condition. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between ER visits for migraines and selected meteorological conditions within the ...
Mahon Richard T - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Disabled submarine survivors could achieve inert gas tissue saturation likely to cause severe decompression sickness (DCS) on surfacing. This risk increases with time and depth of exposure. Methods to reduce DCS risk and severity are needed specifically for such an operational scenario. METHODS: Yorkshire swine (16.2-26.6 kg) fitted with ...
Hiraoka Kenzo - - 2006
A study has been made of the atmospheric-pressure Penning ionization (APPeI) of aliphatic hydrocarbons (pentane, hexane, heptane, and octane) with long-lived rare gas atoms (Rg*). The metastable rare gas atoms (He*, Ne*, Ar* and Kr*) were generated by the negative-mode corona discharge of atmospheric-pressure rare gases. In the Rg*APPeI mass ...
Schwartz H - - 2006
Transverse furrows, or Beau's lines, were noted in the fingernails of all 6 divers following a deep saturation dive to apressure equal to 1100 feet (335 meters) ofsea water (3,370 kPa), and in 2 of6 divers following a similar dive to 1000 feet (305 meters) of sea water (3,164 kPa). ...
Li Jingsong - - 2006
An inexpensive resonant photoacoustic spectrometer based on a low-power distributed feedback diode laser and wavelength modulation spectroscopy is developed. This sensor has been applied to the detection of acetylene (C2H2) using a properly designed photoacoustic cell operating on its second longitudinal mode. The minimum detectable limit of about 10 parts-per-million ...
Boone Chris D - - 2005
SCISAT-1, also known as the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment, is a satellite mission for remote sensing of the Earth's atmosphere, launched on 12 August 2003. The primary instrument on the satellite is a 0.02 cm(-1) resolution Fourier-transform spectrometer operating in the mid-IR (750-4400 cm(-1)). We describe the approach developed for the ...
Zhang Jiangyue - - 2005
To study ballistic brain injury biomechanics, two common civilian full metal jacket handgun projectiles (25-caliber and 9-mm) were discharged into a transparent brain simulant (Sylgard gel). Five pressure transducers were placed at the entry (two), exit (two) and center (one) of the simulant. High-speed digital video photography (20,000 frames/second) was ...
Tabrizchi Mahmoud - - 2006
This paper explains the effect of pressure on separation factor, resolving power (defined based on a single peak), and resolution (defined based on two adjacent peaks) in ion mobility spectrometry. IMS spectra were recorded at various pressures ranging from 39 hPa (29Torr) up to atmospheric pressure and various ion gates ...
Aguedo M - - 2005
Yarrowia lipolytica converts methyl ricinoleate to gamma-decalactone, a high-value fruity aroma compound. The highest amount of 3-hydroxy-gamma-decalactone produced by the yeast (263 mg l(-1)) occurred by increasing the k(L)a up to 120 h(-1) at atmospheric pressure; above it, its concentration decreased, suggesting a predominance of the activity of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase. ...
Suzuki Yasumasa - - 2005
Apparatus comprising a scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and an atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been developed for use under supra-atmospheres. Observations of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) were carried out by STM and contact AFM operating in air and various gas atmospheres (hydrogen, helium, neon and argon) under pressures up ...
Zacharias Jaime - - 2005
PURPOSE: To propose an alternative method to characterize postocclusion surge using a collapsible artificial anterior chamber to replace the currently used rigid anterior chamber model. SETTING: Fundaci?n Oftamol?gica Los Andes, Santiago, Chile. METHODS: The distal end of a phacoemulsification handpiece was placed inside a compliant artificial anterior chamber. Digital recordings ...
Harkin D W - - 2005
Seasonal and circadian variation in the incidence of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) has been reported. We explored the role of atmospheric pressure changes on rupture incidence and its relationship to cardiovascular risk factors. During a three year-period, 1st April 1998 and 31st March 2001, data was prospectively acquired on ...
Nicholson Wayne L - - 2005
Bacterial endospores in the genus Bacillus are considered good models for studying interplanetary transfer of microbes by natural or human processes. Although spore survival during transfer itself has been the subject of considerable study, the fate of spores in extraterrestrial environments has received less attention. In this report we subjected ...
Ohura Takeshi - - 2005
We measured exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including carcinogenic PAHs, in multiple locations for a diverse population of participants who resided in Shizuoka, Japan. In summer and winter 2002 we surveyed personal concentrations, those of four primary indoor microenvironments-living room, bedroom, kitchen (summer only), and ...
Knower Stockard T - - 2005
In order to determine the rate and magnitude of respiratory O2 depletion during dives of emperor penguins (Aptenodytes forsteri), air sac O2 partial pressure (PO2) was recorded in 73 dives of four birds at an isolated dive hole. These results were evaluated with respect to hypoxic tolerance, the aerobic dive ...
Oter Sukru - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The oxygen toxicity risk of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment has long been of interest. However, there are no comprehensive articles describing the relationship between HBO protocols and oxidative parameters used clinically. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of various HBO pressure modalities on the oxidative ...
Houck Philip D - - 2005
Previous studies have demonstrated variation in vascular events with respect to season and time of day. Changes in barometric pressure display daily and seasonal variations and could modulate the occurrence of vascular events. The objective of this study was to determine whether a relation exists between changes in barometric pressure ...
Arao Toshiaki - - 2005
Microcalorimetry is a useful tool for monitoring the growth behavior of microorganisms. In this study, microcalorimetry was used to investigate the effects of nitrogen, air, oxygen, nitrous oxide, argon, and krypton at high pressure on the growth of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Growth thermograms (metabolic heat vs. incubation time) were ...
Brubakk A O - - 2005
During and after decompression from dives, gas bubbles are regularly observed in the right ventricular outflow tract. A number of studies have documented that these bubbles can lead to endothelial dysfunction in the pulmonary artery but no data exist on the effect of diving on arterial endothelial function. The present ...
Koyama Sumihiro - - 2005
We report successful larval hatching of deep-sea shrimp after decompression to atmospheric pressure. Three specimens of deep-sea shrimp were collected from an ocean depth of 1157 m at cold-seep sites off Hatsushima Island in Sagami Bay, Japan, using a pressure-stat aquarium system. Phylogenetic analysis of Alvinocaris sp. based on cytochrome ...
Mbata George N - - 2005
Previous studies have shown that low pressure creates a low oxygen controlled atmosphere that can kill stored-product insects. The current study was conducted to determine the mortality of life stages of the cowpea weevil, Callosbruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae), exposed to different low pressures and temperatures for various exposure periods. ...
Kantz J - - 2005
A previous study failed to disclose an effect of short (15 min) exposure to low level energy microwaves (3 microW/cm2) emitted by a commercially available automobile radar system (77 GHz) for adaptive cruise control (ACC) on cardiovascular function. The present study explored whether a 15 min exposure to higher level ...
Hozumi Atsushi - - 2005
Well-ordered nanopore arrays were successfully prepared from polystyrene (PS) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) diblock copolymer (DBC) film based on a photochemical approach using 172-nm vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light. Since the etching selectivity between the PS and PMMA domains against activated oxygen species generated by the VUV irradiation of atmospheric oxygen ...
Pinheiro, Rita
Aims: To investigate the effect of total air pressure raise on cell growth and intracellular β-galactosidase activity in batch cultures of Kluyveromyces marxianus CBS 7894. Methods and Results: A pressurized bioreactor was used for K. marxianus batch cultivation under increased air pressure from 1.2 to 6 bar. Under these conditions ...
Balldin Ulf I - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: This study was to determine whether safe and adequate G-protection by pressure breathing during G (PBG) could be maintained if the COMBAT EDGE counter-pressure vest were eliminated to ensure aircrew do not unnecessarily endure a possible in-flight discomfort or distraction. METHODS: Centrifuge exposures up to +9 Gz were completed ...
Cozzi Bruno - - 2005
This study analyzes the structure and mechanical properties of the trachea of the striped dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba, one of the most common cetacean species. The cetacean trachea is made up of closed or semiclosed cartilaginous rings without a paries membranaceus. Our results indicate that the inner lining of the trachea ...
Tamegai Hideyuki - - 2005
The genes of cytochrome bd-encoding cydAB were identified from a deep-sea bacterium Shewanella violacea DSS12. These showed significant homologies with known cydAB gene sequences from various organisms. Additionally, highly conserved regions that are important for the enzymatic function were also conserved in cydA of S. violacea. Based on the results, ...
Evenden Maya L - - 2005
The effect of exposure to both the pheromone and insecticide constituents of an attracticide formulation on subsequent pheromonal response of male oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), was tested in several wind tunnel bioassays. Male response to the attracticide formulation was significantly reduced in all behavioral categories, including ...
Bohm Tim D - - 2005
The determination of the air kerma strength of a brachytherapy seed is necessary for effective treatment planning. Well ionization chambers are used on site at therapy clinics to determine the air kerma strength of seeds. In this work, the response of the Standard Imaging HDR 1000 Plus well chamber to ...
Bulajich Branka - - 2005
PURPOSE: To analyze the influence of meteorological factors such as atmospheric pressure (AP), outdoor temperature (T) changes, and weather phases (WP) on the occurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP). METHODS: Retrospective study, including 659 patients with primary SP and SP associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), conservatively treated in a ...
Griffin S L - - 2005
For some air-communicating well-type chambers used for low-energy brachytherapy source assay, deviations from expected values of measured air kerma strength were observed at low pressures associated with high altitudes. This effect is consistent with an overcompensation by the air density correction to standard atmospheric temperature and pressure (P(TP)). This work ...
Sankaran R Mohan - - 2005
Silicon nanoparticles are synthesized from a mixture of argon/silane in a continuous flow atmospheric-pressure microdischarge reactor. Particles nucleate and grow to a few nanometers (1-3 nm) in diameter before their growth is abruptly terminated in the short residence time microreactor. Narrow size distributions are obtained as inferred from size classification ...
Aguilar Guillermo - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Since the development of laser-induced photothermolysis for the therapy of port wine stain (PWS) birthmarks, clinical results have shown that dark purple lesions usually respond well to the first three to five treatments. However, for most PWS, complete blanching is never achieved, and the lesion stabilizes at ...
Markham Steven E - - 2005
The effects of six biometeorological variables (temperature, precipitation, air pressure, humidity, wind speed, and snow) on plant-wide worker absenteeism rates were investigated using 4 years of daily absence data (n=889). After holding constant temporal variables (years, season, and day of week), and then other biometeorological variables, all but one of ...
Seebacher Frank - - 2005
The differences in physical properties of air and water pose unique behavioural and physiological demands on semiaquatic animals. The aim of this study was to describe the diving behaviour of the freshwater crocodile Crocodylus johnstoni in the wild and to assess the relationships between diving, body temperature, and heart rate. ...
Karpińska Maria - - 2005
Two groups of buildings (29 in total) were examined to assess the time changeability in radon concentrations. All the buildings showed seasonal changes with the individual schemes of radon concentration changeability, which varied together with the changes in outside weather parameters, such as temperature and pressure. Measurements based on several ...
Hałatek Tadeusz - - 2005
The nervous system is the major target of the toxic effect of manganese (Mn) and its compounds in welding fumes. In humans, inhalation is the most frequent route of Mn access, therefore, the respiratory tract and lungs are usually involved in the process of translocation of inhaled noxius agent by ...
Amérand Aline - - 2005
The effects of hydrostatic pressure on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production have been studied in vitro on fish red muscle fibres. In the eel, Anguilla anguilla, previous studies have shown that hydrostatic pressure acclimatization improves oxidative phosphorylation efficiency together with a supposed concomitant decrease in electron leak and ROS production. ...
Repanos Costa - - 2005
Bleeding and rupture of blood vessels has been correlated with weather conditions in the past. This is the first study in the world literature with the aim of investigating the relationship between atmospheric pressure and temperature with the presentation of aortic dissection. The dates of all emergency aortic dissection repairs ...
Castaños Martinez E - - 2004
The modeling of microwave-sustained discharges at atmospheric pressure is much less advanced than at reduced pressure (<10 Torr) because of the greater complexity of the mechanisms involved. In particular, discharge contraction, a characteristic feature of high-pressure discharges, is not well understood. To describe adequately this phenomenon, one needs to consider ...
Izmaylov D M - - 2005
Correlations between the parameters of life-span (LS) distribution of Drosophila melanogaster, including mean LS (MLS) and the time of 10 and 90% population mortality, and some geophysical parameters that are usually beyond the control of researchers dealing with laboratory cultures, including atmospheric pressure, solar activity indices (Wolf's sunspot numbers and ...
Linna A - - 2004
AIMS: To investigate whether exposure to cobalt in cobalt plants has any measurable effect on the cardiovascular system. METHODS: Occupational, cross sectional study, using a self administered questionnaire, blood pressure measurement, electrocardiography, and laboratory tests in which 203 male workers with at least one year of exposure to cobalt and ...
Hozumi Atsushi - - 2004
This paper describes the photochemical surface modification of polystyrene (PS) substrates using vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) light 172 nm in wavelength. We have particularly focused on the effects of atmospheric pressure during VUV irradiation on the obtained surface's wettability and the stability of the wettability, in addition to its chemical structure, ...
Chou Tzu-Chieh - - 2004
To evaluate the effects of the occupational exposure to rayon manufacturing chemicals (RMC, containing predominantly carbon disulfide (CS(2)) and minor sulfuric acid) in a rayon factory on the basal transepidermal water loss (TEWL), barrier integrity (BI), and sequential increasing TEWL profiles. Six Thais and five Chinese workers in the spinning ...
Arieli R - - 2005
The contribution of inert gases to the risk of central nervous system (CNS) oxygen toxicity is a matter of controversy. Therefore, diving regulations apply strict rules regarding permissible oxygen pressures (Po(2)). We studied the effects of nitrogen and helium (0, 15, 25, 40, 50, and 60%) and different levels of ...
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