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Results 201 - 250 of 1022
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Kubota Yoichi - - 2007
Materials emitting light in the deep ultraviolet region around 200 nanometers are essential in a wide-range of applications, such as information storage technology, environmental protection, and medical treatment. Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), which was recently found to be a promising deep ultraviolet light emitter, has traditionally been synthesized under high ...
Moore George E - - 2008
Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) is a life-threatening condition in dogs and other species in which the stomach dilates and rotates on itself. The etiology of the disease is multi-factorial, but explicit precipitating causes are unknown. This study sought to determine if there was a significant association between changes in hourly-measured temperature ...
Kelly Paul T - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the low pressure environment of commercial aircraft, hypoxaemia may be common and accentuated in patients with lung or heart disease. Regulations specify a cabin pressure not lower than 750 hPa but it is not known whether this standard is met. This knowledge is important in determining ...
Hopson A S M - - 2007
Haemodynamic instability is a recognised phenomenon in critically ill patients undergoing hyperbaric therapy. Instability may result from the effects of ambient pressure on the cardiovascular system, devices involved in infusion of drugs and fluids, or a combination of the two. The effect of hyperbaric pressure on air-containing spaces in syringes ...
Boussuges Alain - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Oxygen divers undergo environmental stressors such as immersion, ventilation with scuba, cold exposure, and increased ambient pressure. All of these stressors may be responsible for acute hemodynamic modifications. We hypothesized that repeated hyperbaric hyperoxia exposure induces long-term cardiovascular modifications. METHODS: A Doppler echocardiography was conducted on 20 military oxygen ...
Hart G B - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to ascertain if gender differences exist in human skeletal muscle (MM) and subcutaneous (SC) tissue gases using monoplace and multiplace hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) treatment protocols. METHODS: Gas tensions in resting MM and SQ tissues were recorded at 4-minute intervals using two protocols: The ...
Sakai Hidetsugu - - 2007
Mechanical stress by pressure overload due to hypertension or valvular heart disease such as aortic valve stenosis induces cardiac hypertrophy. It has been well established that the mechanical stretch of cardiac myocytes in vitro induces hypertrophic responses such as the expression of immediate early response genes including c-fos. However, it ...
Davis Lee A J - - 2007
The performance of capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (cMUTs) was investigated at low pressures in various gases such as air, carbon dioxide, and helium. The aim was to replicate the pressure conditions likely to meet on the surface of other planets such as Mars, where ultrasonic wind velocity measurements might be ...
Doherty Michael J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that seizure frequency in patients undergoing video EEG telemetry does not correlate with atmospheric pressure (AP) changes. METHOD: Historical automated AP data from weather stations in the Seattle Metropolitan area were correlated to seizure frequency and type in consecutive patients undergoing video EEG telemetry at our institution ...
Enami Shinichi - - 2007
The rate constant of the reaction of BrO with CH(3)O(2) was determined to be k1 = (6.2 +/- 2.5) x 10(-12) cm3 molecule(-1) s(-1) at 298 K and 100-200 Torr of O2 diluent. Quoted uncertainty was two standard deviations. No significant pressure dependence of the rate constants was observed at ...
Mor Amir - - 2007
Pressure above 1.1 MPa induces in mammals and humans the high pressure neurological syndrome (HPNS). HPNS is characterized by cognitive and motor decrements associated with sleep disorders, EEG changes, tremor, and convulsions that ultimately may lead to death. Previous theories proposed that augmented response of the glutamatergic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) ...
Lievonen J - - 2007
A commercial atomic force microscope (AFM), originally designed for operation in ambient conditions, was placed inside a compact aluminum chamber, which can be pumped down to high vacuum levels or filled with a desired gaseous atmosphere, including humidity, up to normal pressure. The design of this environmental AFM is such ...
Choi Ji-Ho - - 2007
Many studies have shown a consistent association between ambient air pollution and an increase in death due to cardiovascular causes. An increase in blood pressure is a common risk factor for a variety of cardiovascular diseases. However, the association between air pollution and blood pressure has not been evaluated extensively. ...
Alifano Marco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax (ISP) results from rupture of blebs, bullas, or diseased alveolar walls. Initiating mechanisms may relate to increased transpulmonary pressure. The possible impact of changes in atmospheric pressure (Patm) on the occurrence of ISP remains uncertain. METHODS: We studied the relationship between the occurrence of ISP and ...
Setzer Matthias - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine a possible association between standard meteorological variables and their changes and the occurrence and clinical features of SAH. METHODS: Univariate association between the clinical/radiographic variables of patients with SAH and standard meteorological variables was evaluated. Next, a multivariate analysis was performed ...
Rodgers Sarah E - - 2007
The biological processes affecting Ixodes scapularis Say survival are complex. Understanding these processes will be beneficial for predicting tick distribution and population dynamics. This research shows that the duration for which nymphal ticks are exposed to drying air is an important factor for their survival. Experimental analysis of variance results ...
Goplen F K - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence that increased ambient pressure causes an increase in postural sway. This article documents postural sway at pressures not previously studied and discusses possible mechanisms. METHODS: Eight subjects participated in a dry chamber dive to 240 msw (2.5 MPa) saturation pressure. Two subjects were excluded due to ...
Eralp Levant - - 2007
Investigators in the present study explored the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on distraction osteogenesis in a rabbit limb-lengthening model. HBO treatment was provided to participants in a small animal pressure chamber once a day during the latent period of distraction osteogenesis at 2.5 absolute atmospheres of pressure. Bone ...
Ajcharanukul Orapin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of applying 500 mmol/l KCl at a pressure of 150 mm Hg above atmospheric to exposed dentine on pain sensation evoked by probing and air blast stimuli in human subjects. DESIGN: The experiments were carried out on 14 pairs of premolars in 14 human subjects ...
Zielczynski M - - 2007
A new method is proposed for the determination of dose components in mixed radiation fields (gamma + neutrons) using a recombination chamber. The method involves the determination of the ratio of ionisation currents measured at two different voltages applied to the chamber without the need of determining the saturation current, ...
Radziwon P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are a number of reported cases of decompression sickness (DCS) with haemorrhages. These cases have not been sufficiently investigated and thus bleeding complications could not be directly correlated to the enhanced fibrinolysis. OBJECTIVES: The effect of hyperbaric exposition and decompression on the main components of fibrinolytic system has ...
Zimmermann D - - 2007
The water supply to leaves of 25 to 60 m tall trees (including high-salinity-tolerant ones) was studied. The filling status of the xylem vessels was determined by xylem sap extraction (using jet-discharge, gravity-discharge, and centrifugation) and by (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of wood pieces. Simultaneously, pressure bomb experiments were ...
Grassi Paolo - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a cardiac hormone used as a marker of cardiac dysfunction with diuretic and vasodilating properties secreted by the ventricles in response to wall stress. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) exposure is known to induce hemodynamic effects in humans which can be complicated by acute pulmonary edema. ...
Mor Amir - - 2006
In humans, hyperbaric pressure induces the high-pressure neurological syndrome (HPNS). HPNS is characterized by tremor, sleep disorders, electroencephalographic changes, and impairment of cognitive and motor performances. In animals, higher pressures result in convulsions and death. An increased N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) response has been implicated with HPNS. We studied high-pressure effects ...
Obad Ante - - 2007
Diving-induced acute alterations in cardiovascular function such as arterial endothelial dysfunction, increased pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and reduced heart function have been recently reported. We tested the effects of acute antioxidants on arterial endothelial function, PAP and heart function before and after a field dive. Vitamins C (2 g) and ...
Nazarov Erkinjon G - - 2006
A microfabricated planar differential ion mobility spectrometer operating from 0.4 to 1.55 atm in a supporting atmosphere of purified air was used to characterize the effects of pressure and electric field strength on compensation voltage, ion transmission, peak width, and peak intensity in differential mobility spectra. Peak positions, in compensation ...
Bodkin J J - - 2006
Negative pressure breathing (NPB) increases the rate of nitrogen elimination, which is thought to be due to an increase in cardiac output due to augmented venous return to the heart. Hyperoxia, however, decreases the rate of nitrogen elimination. The effect of hyperoxia on the increase in nitrogen elimination during NPB ...
Antognini Joseph F - - 2007
The limited potency of nitrous oxide mandates the use of a hyperbaric chamber to produce anesthesia. Use of a hyperbaric chamber complicates anesthetic delivery, ventilation, and electrophysiological recording. We constructed a hyperbaric acrylic-aluminum chamber allowing recording of single unit activity in spinal cord of rats anesthetized only with N(2)O. Large ...
Bousquet P - - 2006
Methane is an important greenhouse gas, and its atmospheric concentration has nearly tripled since pre-industrial times. The growth rate of atmospheric methane is determined by the balance between surface emissions and photochemical destruction by the hydroxyl radical, the major atmospheric oxidant. Remarkably, this growth rate has decreased markedly since the ...
Paulsen P - - 2006
The microflora was studied in beef stored in stainless steel containers kept under reduced pressure (20 to 30 kPa) in a modified atmosphere (70% N2 + 30% CO2 or pure CO2) at 3 to 4 degrees C and 0 to 1 degrees C at a headspace:meat volume ratio of 2:1. ...
De Blasio Fabio Vittorio - - 2006
Ammonoids are a group of extinct mollusks belonging to the same class of the living genus Nautilus (cephalopoda). In both Nautili and ammonoids, the (usually planospiral) shell is divided into chambers separated by septa that, during their lifetime, are filled with gas at atmospheric pressure. The intersection of septa with ...
Muller Arno - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To observe the relative role of individual and group-level antimicrobial selective pressure on subsequent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolation in a university hospital. METHODS: For this purpose, 18 596 patients were included in a retrospective statistical analysis, applying multilevel modelling with discrete time intervals at the lowest level. Individual-level ...
Gelfand Robert - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: It was hypothesized that long-duration exposures to toxic levels of hyperoxia would have effects on respiratory control function or activity. METHODS: Ventilatory parameters of human subjects breathing spontaneously at rest were measured before, during, and after hyperoxia in a study of organ systems' tolerance to toxic O2 exposures at ...
Cabigas Bernadette P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The relative contributions of the fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) and atmospheric pressure (ATM) to cardioprotection are unknown. We determined whether the product of FIO2 x ATM (oxygen partial pressure) controls the extent of hyperoxic+hyperbaric-induced cardioprotection and involves activation of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). METHODS: Adult Sprague Dawley rats ...
Guimarães F A G - - 2006
This study was designed to investigate the feasibility of building a simple and inexpensive device to preserve organs or tissues in hyperbaric and hypothermic conditions. METHODS: The device was built on a 40-cm wide, 28-cm long, and 23-cm deep stainless steel chassis. The pressure vessel was built by a 7.8-cm ...
Ascenzi Daniela - - 2006
Benzene can be efficiently converted into phenol when it is treated by either corona or dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasmas operating at atmospheric pressure in air or mixtures of N(2) and O(2). Phenol produced by corona discharge in an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization source (APCI) has been detected as the ...
Visser M J - - 2006
Exposure to endotoxin at sewage treatment plants is associated with an increased prevalence of work-related symptoms in sewage workers. Since cleaning activities are regarded as an important determinant of endotoxin exposure, workers' endotoxin exposure levels during different cleaning activities were compared in an experimental setting. Variables considered were water used ...
Kauppila T J - - 2006
A group of five neurotransmitters with different properties was analyzed using atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry (APCI-MS). The sensitivity of the techniques for the analytes was tested in six solvents and in positive and negative ion modes. APPI was found to be superior in sensitivity ...
Rostain J C - - 2006
Compressed air or a nitrogen-oxygen mixture produces from 0.3 MPa nitrogen narcosis. The traditional view was that anaesthesia or narcosis occurs when the volume of a hydrophobic site is caused to expand beyond a critical amount by the absorption of molecules of a narcotic gas. The observation of the pressure ...
Boussuges Alain - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac changes induced by scuba diving were investigated using Doppler echocardiography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten healthy scuba divers dove to a mean depth of 34.3 +/- 2.7 m of sea water (113 +/- 9 feet) and a mean duration of 25.3 +/- 3.5 min. RESULTS: One hour after the ...
Amérand A - - 2006
In ectotherms as well as in endotherms, the mitochondrial respiratory chain is the major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) including the highly reactive, hydroxyl radical (OH*). It is known that the different steps involved in ROS production and the antioxidant systems are comparable in ectotherms and endotherms. But regulatory ...
Talpalar A E - - 2006
Exposure to high pressures (HP) has been associated with the development of the high pressure neurological syndrome (HPNS) in deep-divers and experimental animals. In contrast, many diving mammals are naturally able to withstand very high pressures. Although at a certain pressure range humans are also able to perform to some ...
Loozen Els - - 2006
In mixtures of PVME and water, the influence of pressure on the LCST miscibility gap is determined covering the whole composition range and pressures from atmospheric pressure up to 900 MPa. The cloud point curve at atmospheric pressure has the characteristic bimodal shape in agreement with literature data. Upon increasing ...
Nakamoto, T.
Three groups of young rats (age 22 days) were exposed intermittently (49 times), over a period of 44 days, group 1 to O2 at atmospheric pressure (OAP), group 2 to O2 at high pressure (OHP) (60 psig) and the third to air at atmospheric pressure (AAP) as controls. The average ...
Trigano Alexandre - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test a variety of currently available activity-based rate-adaptive pacemakers under hyperbaric conditions. BACKGROUND: Sports divers with pacemakers can dive under certain circumstances. The rate response of activity-sensing pacing under hyperbaric conditions has rarely been evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We manufactured a miniaturized ...
Korhonen Ilkka - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Comparison of the effects of different types of cold exposure on blood pressure and heart rate. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Twenty healthy men were exposed to three different types of cold exposure: cold pressor tests for hands and feet, and a 2-h cold air exposure at an ...
Olsovcová Veronika - - 2006
The activity of radioactive pharmaceuticals administered to patients in nuclear medicine is usually determined using well-type high-pressure ionization chambers. For the Bqmeter chamber (Consortium BQM, Czech Republic) a Monte Carlo model was created using the MCNP4C2 code. Basic chamber characteristics for two sample containers of various geometry (a vial and ...
Enami Shinichi - - 2006
Cavity ring-down spectroscopy was used to study the reaction of ClOO with NO in 50-150 Torr total pressure of O2/N2 diluent at 205-243 K. A value of k(ClOO+NO) = (4.5 +/- 0.9) x 10(-11) cm3 molecule(-1) s(-1) at 213 K was determined (quoted uncertainties are two standard deviations). The yield ...
Del Seppia Cristina - - 2006
There is evidence suggesting that exposure to an abnormal magnetic environment may produce psychophysiological effects related to abnormalities in responses to stress. This may be of relevance for space medicine where astronauts are exposed to a magnetic field different from that exerted by the Earth. Aim of this study was ...
Koehle M S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to assess the contribution of SCUBA to the pulmonary effects of diving to 4.5 meters depth in healthy subjects using a randomized crossover control condition. Ten healthy divers performed two 60-minute 'dives' using SCUBA in a swimming pool. The non-immersed 1 ATA SCUBA control ...
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