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Messlinger Karl - - 2010
To determine whether controlled changes in barometric pressure activate rat spinal trigeminal neurons as a possible animal correlate of headaches. Changes in weather accompanied by changes in atmospheric pressure are suggested to trigger primary headaches. Mechanisms that increase neuronal activity in the rat spinal trigeminal nucleus may parallel those that ...
Nicholson Wayne L - - 2010
Growth of Bacillus subtilis cells, normally adapted at Earth-normal atmospheric pressure (∼101.3 kPa), was progressively inhibited by lowering of pressure in liquid LB medium until growth essentially ceased at 2.5 kPa. Growth inhibition was immediately reversible upon return to 101.3 kPa, albeit at a slower rate. A population of B. ...
Butler Gleen J - - 2011
In the mountain climbing community, conventional prevention of altitude mountain sickness (AMS) relies primarily on a formal acclimatization period. AMS symptoms during mountaineering climbs are managed with medication, oxygen and minor recompression (1524-2438 m altitude) using a portable chamber, such as the Gamow Bag. This is not always an acceptable therapy ...
Reddy V M - - 2010
To investigate the relationship between weather variables (atmospheric pressure, temperature, water vapour pressure) and epistaxis admission rates at Derriford Hospital, Plymouth, United Kingdom. Retrospective observational study using hospital inpatient information databases to identify all patients admitted with epistaxis from April 1999 to March 2009 inclusive. Meteorological data for the same ...
Ortega Joseph K E - - 2010
Cell walls are part of the apoplasm pathway that transports water, solutes, and nutrients to cells within plant tissue. Pressures within the apoplasm (cell walls and xylem) are often different from atmospheric pressure during expansive growth of plant cells in tissue. The previously established Augmented Growth Equations are modified to ...
Ciborowski Michal - - 2010
Professional and recreational diving are growing activities in modern life. Diving has been associated with increased prevalence of stroke, hypertension, asthma, diabetes, or bone necrosis. We evaluated the effect of increased pressure equivalent to diving at 30 and 60 m for 30 min in two groups of divers using an ...
Chen Zhilin - - 2010
An open-walled ionization chamber is developed to monitor the tritium concentration in gloveboxes in tritium processing systems. Two open walls are used to replace the sealed wall in common ionization chambers, through which the tritium gas can diffuse into the chamber without the aid of pumps and pipelines. Some basic ...
Le Péchon J Cl - - 2010
Since 1850, compressed-air work has been used to prevent shafts or tunnels under construction from flooding. Until the 1980s, workers were digging in compressed-air environments. Since the introduction of tunnel boring machines (TBMs), very little digging under pressure is needed. However, the wearing out of cutter-head tools requires inspection and ...
Iwabu Akihiro - - 2010
We examined the relationships between home blood pressure (BP) and atmospheric temperature in 20 treated-hypertensive patients. A significant correlation between morning and evening BP and atmospheric temperature was found. For morning systolic blood pressure (SBP), the maximal seasonal difference was 13.2 mmHg with 25.5 degrees C temperature difference. Morning SBP ...
Rosenberry Clark - - 2010
Only a few cases of nontraumatic orbital subperiosteal hematoma due to scuba diving have been reported, and this is the first of such cases that underwent surgical intervention. This injury results from negative pressure within the face mask, suctioning orbital tissues into the mask after incomplete equilibration of pressure on ...
Marinovic Jasna - - 2010
An increasing number of recreational self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) divers use trimix of oxygen, helium, and nitrogen for dives deeper than 60 m of sea water. Although it was seldom linked to the development of pulmonary edema, whether SCUBA diving affects the extravascular lung water (EVLW) accumulation is largely ...
Zai Shaobo - - 2010
Bulky 2-pyridinemethanamine nickel complex activated by MAO was used as a catalyst to conduct longstanding living ethylene polymerization under atmospheric pressure to produce branched polyethylene.
Mor A - - 2010
Human divers exposed to hyperbaric pressure may suffer from cognitive and motor impairments thought to be related to high pressure effects per ce. These effects, termed high pressure neurological syndrome (HPNS), appear at pressure above 1.1 MPa. HPNS involves CNS hyperexcitability that is partially attributed to augmented responses of the ...
Arieli Ran - - 2011
Humidification of inspired gas is critical in ventilated patients, usually achieved by heat and moisture exchange devices (HMEs). HME and the endotracheal tube (ETT) add airflow resistance. Ventilated patients are sometimes treated in hyperbaric chambers. Increased gas density may increase total airway resistance, peak pressures (PPs), and mechanical work of ...
Yang Hyo-Jik - - 2010
A simple and effective digestion method was developed using a syringe. A 3 mL syringe was used to apply a pressure of 6 atm to expedite tryptic digestion. Application of a pressure of 6 atm during digestion resulted in better digestion efficiency than digestion under atmospheric pressure. The protein peaks ...
Jiang Jianguo - - 2010
This study compared the performance of anaerobic digestion (AD) of municipal solid waste under 101 kPa (R system) and 65.8 kPa (RPC system) - the atmospheric pressure on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. Gas production, gas composition, degradation of volatile solids, pH, alkalinity, volatile fatty acids, and ammonia concentration were analyzed ...
Hart George B - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: In this study we investigate whether differences exist in human skeletal muscle (MM) and subcutaneous (SC) tissue gas tensions between chronic cigarette smokers and non-smokers measured under room air and hyperbaric conditions. METHODS: Gas tensions in resting MM and SC tissues were recorded using a mass spectrometer at four-minute ...
Nicolay Pascal - - 2010
A new kind of surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensor has been developed to measure sub-atmospheric pressure below 100 mtorr with accuracy better than 0.1 mtorr. It provides an efficient measuring solution in the pressure range inaccessible in past by conventional diaphragm-based SAW sensors. Indeed, because of the small bending force ...
de Vera Jean-Pierre - - 2010
Lichens were repetitively exposed over 22 days to thermophysical Mars-like conditions at low-and mid-latitudes. The simulated parameters and the experimental setup are described. Natural samples of the lichen Xanthoria elegans were used to investigate their ability to survive the applied Mars-like conditions. The effects of atmospheric pressure, CO(2) concentration, low ...
Ljubkovic Marko - - 2010
Recently, an increase in extravascular lung water (EVLW) accumulation with diminished left ventricular contractility within 60 min after SCUBA diving was reported. We have observed previously that diving was associated with reduced diffusing lung capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) and arterial oxygen pressure for up to 60-80 min postdive. Here ...
Wenger Michael - - 2010
Multiple stressor scenarios, as they are relevant in many watersheds, call for approaches extending beyond conventional chemical-focused approaches. The present study, investigated the fish population, represented by chub (Leuciscus cephalus), in the Bílina River (Czech Republic), which is impacted by various pollution sources and might pose a risk on the ...
Cabaravdic Mirsad - - 2010
Exposure to the lead is public health problem and threat to environment with proven harmful impact on human, including industrial workers and general population. Harmful impacts of exposition to nervous, endocrine, hematological, cardiovascular, immune and reproductive system to the lead are well known. This article addresses the results of retrospective ...
Pingitore Alessandro - - 2010
PURPOSE: To study by ultrasounds cardiac morphology and function early after breath-hold diving in deep water in elite athletes. METHODS: Fifteen healthy male divers (age 28 +/- 3 years) were studied using Doppler-echocardiography, immediately before (basal condition, BC) and two minutes after breath-hold diving (40 meters, acute post-apnea condition, APAC). ...
Park Bum Jin - - 2010
This paper reviews previous research on the physiological effects of Shinrin-yoku (taking in the forest atmosphere or forest bathing), and presents new results from field experiments conducted in 24 forests across Japan. The term Shinrin-yoku was coined by the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries in 1982, and can ...
Barbosa Eduardo - - 2010
This study sought to determine the effects of hyperbaric pressure on heart rate modulation, by analyzing potential changes in heart rate variability (HRV). Ten divers were exposed to pressures of 1, 2, 3, and 4 atmospheres absolute (ATA). The test was performed in a hyperbaric chamber. Heart rate (HR) was ...
Varma Deepali - - 2010
To determine the effect of viscogonioplasty and cataract extraction on intraocular pressure in patients with narrow angle glaucoma. This was a double-masked randomized controlled trial involving 50 eyes (25 cases and 25 controls) from 38 consecutive patients. All patients underwent phacoemulsification with or without viscogonioplasty. The main outcome measures were ...
Talpalar Adolfo E - - 2010
The high pressure neurological syndrome develops during deep-diving (>1.1 MPa) involving impairment of cognitive functions, alteration of synaptic transmission and increased excitability in cortico-hippocampal areas. The medial perforant path (MPP), connecting entorhinal cortex with the hippocampal formation, displays synaptic frequency-dependent-depression (FDD) under normal conditions. Synaptic FDD is essential for specific ...
Asakawa Takashi T Department of Chemical System Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan. - - 2010
We have investigated the pressure dependence of the detection sensitivity of CO(2), N(2)O and CH(4) using wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS) with distributed feed-back diode lasers in the near infrared region. The spectral line shapes and the background noise of the second harmonics (2f) detection of the WMS were analyzed theoretically. ...
Wagner A J - - 2009
Electrical characterization of a nonthermal radio-frequency atmospheric-pressure microplasma in a parallel plate configuration has shown that reducing electrode gap into the submillimeter range increases current and power density at a reduced voltage as compared to similar plasmas at larger electrode gaps which have no gap dependence. Calculation of sheath thickness ...
Marinovic Jasna - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The use of trimix (a mixture of oxygen, helium, and nitrogen) has significantly increased among the diver population. However, data indicating how trimix dives at most common depths affect the cardiovascular function are sparse. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cardiovascular effects of trimix dives and ...
Xu Lihua - - 2010
Surface-initiated graft polymerization on multi-walled carbon nanotubes pretreated with a corona discharge at atmospheric pressure was explored. The mechanism of the corona-discharge-induced graft polymerization is discussed. The results indicate that MWCNTs were encapsulated by poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA), demonstrating the formation of PGMA-grafted MWCNTs (PGMA-g-MWCNTs), with a grafting ratio of about ...
Sohbatzadeh Farshad - - 2010
We developed and employed a new geometrical structure of dielectric barrier discharge in atmospheric pressure for bacterial broad spectrum sterilization. We utilized a plasma source having an AC power supply at 50 HZ and 5,400 V (rms value). We prepared suspensions of the Gram-negative bacteria species (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) ...
Covey Thomas R - - 2009
This review of atmospheric pressure ion sources discusses major developments that have occurred since 1991. Advances in the instrumentation and understanding of the key physical principles are the primary focus. Developments with electrospray and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization and variations encompassing adaptations for surface analysis, ambient air analysis, high throughput, ...
Martens Tom - - 2009
We have investigated the plasma processes in an atmospheric pressure glow discharge (APGD) in He used for analytical spectrometry by means of fluid and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. Typical results include the potential and electric field distributions in the plasma, the density profiles of the various plasma species throughout the ...
Chio Chi Hong - - 2010
The stability of synthetic Jarosite (KFe(3)(SO(4))(2)(OH)(6)) at low temperature and reduced atmospheric pressure has been studied by Raman spectroscopy. Jarosite remains stable between 8 and 295 K, provided that the sample is not exposed to reduced atmospheric pressure. When exposed to reduced atmospheric pressure (2.0x10(-2) Torr), however, the conversion of ...
Gao Liang - - 2010
Axial collision induced dissociation (CID) and high-pressure resonance CID were implemented and compared with normal low-pressure resonance CID in a miniature ion trap mass spectrometer to obtain more complete fragmentation spectra. Axial CID was realized simply by applying a potential to the discontinuous atmospheric pressure interface (DAPI) capillary without performing ...
Brown Helen K - - 2009
The influence of weather on deep venous thrombosis (DVT) incidence remains controversial. We aimed to characterize the temporal association between DVT and meteorological variables including atmospheric pressure. Data relating to hospital admissions with DVT in Scotland were collected retrospectively for a 20 year period for which corresponding meteorological recordings were ...
Schieman Colin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) results from the rupture of blebs or emphysematous bullae. Rapid changes in weather may precipitate this process. The city of Calgary is well suited to examine the effects of weather and specifically the rapid changes in weather associated with a chinook event and the occurrence of ...
Sakamoto Yosuke - - 2009
Cavity ring-down spectroscopy was used to study the title reaction in 50-200 Torr of O2 diluent at 233-333 K. There was no discernible effect of total pressure, and a rate constant of k(BrO + C2H5O2) = (3.8 +/- 1.7) x 10(-12) cm3 molecule(-1) s(-1) was determined at 293 K in ...
Mireku Nana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pediatric asthma exacerbations may correlate with changes in weather, yet this relationship is not well defined. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of fluctuations in climatic factors (temperature, humidity, and barometric pressure) on pediatric asthma exacerbations. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed at 1 large urban hospital during a 2-year ...
Li Yue - - 2009
The effect of outdoor clothing and repeated cold exposure on blood pressure, heart rate, skin temperature, and thermal sensation was studied in 16 young (18-34 years) and 8 middle-aged (35-51 years) normotensive participants. Four winter clothing ensembles were used: regular winter clothing without a hat, with a hat, with an ...
Sieber Arne - - 2009
Knowledge regarding arterial blood pressure (ABP) values during breath-hold diving is scanty. It derives from a few reports of measurements performed at the water's surface, showing slight or no increase in ABP, and from a single study of two simulated deep breath-hold dives in a hyperbaric chamber. Simulated dives showed ...
Bozeman W P - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the immediate cardiac and cardiovascular effects of Taser X26 conducted electrical weapon (CEW) exposure in human volunteers, including heart rhythm, rate and blood pressure. METHODS: Volunteer police officers participating in CEW training and testing each underwent a 5, 3 and 1 s exposure to the Taser ...
Grassi Paolo - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Hyperbaric environment exposure in humans has cardiovascular effects mainly characterized by an increase in afterload and a decrease in cardiac output. In a previous study we did not find B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) changes in healthy volunteers exposed to hyperbaric oxygen while other authors documented a significant increase in ...
Brook Robert D - - 2009
Fine particulate matter air pollution plus ozone impairs vascular function and raises diastolic blood pressure. We aimed to determine the mechanism and air pollutant responsible. The effects of pollution on heart rate variability, blood pressure, biomarkers, and brachial flow-mediated dilatation were determined in 2 randomized, double-blind, crossover studies. In Ann ...
Doherty M J - - 2009
In a prior study of epilepsy and atmospheric pressure, we were able to show a small association between changes in atmospheric pressure and increased seizure frequency in consecutive patients with epilepsy undergoing video telemetry. In this study, we used a larger data set of similar patients undergoing telemetry at another ...
Connor Christopher W - - 2009
The U.S. Navy recommends submarine escape for depths down to 600 fsw, with deeper escapes entailing the risks of decompression sickness, nitrogen (N2) narcosis and CNS oxygen (O2) toxicity. However, the escape equipment, including the submarine escape and immersion equipment and the escape trunk, could probably function even at 1,000 ...
Wu Yiquan - - 2009
Electrospraying is a simple and versatile technique capable of producing polymeric particles. However, most investigations carried out thus far have been performed at ambient atmospheric pressure without studying the influences of pressure on the formation of polymeric particles. Here, we report our investigation on the effects of varying the pressure ...
Parra Jeremy - - 2009
Concerns about the health effects of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and its role in forming deleterious atmospheric species have made it desirable to have low-cost, sensitive ambient measurements of NO2. We have developed a continuous-wave laser-diode laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) system for NO2 that operates at ambient pressure, thereby eliminating the need ...
Ernst Michael E - - 2009
Changes in atmospheric pressure may influence hepatic blood flow and drug metabolism. Anecdotal experience suggests international normalized ratio (INR) variability may be temporally related to significant atmospheric pressure changes. We investigated this potential association in a large sample of patients with multiple INRs. This is a retrospective review of outpatient ...
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