Search Results
 Results 351 - 400 of 2432 < 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 > 351 Ait-Oufella Hafid - - 2012 Previous studies have shown a good agreement between central venous pressure (CVP) measurements from catheters placed in superior vena cava and catheters placed in the abdominal cava/common iliac vein. However, the influence of intra-abdominal pressure on such measurements remains unknown. We conducted a prospective, observational study in a tertiary teaching ... 352 Kim In-Hee - - 2012 The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of essential oil inhalation on the 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and salivary cortisol level in 83 prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects. The experimental group (n = 28) was asked to inhale an essential oil blended with lavender, ylang-ylang, marjoram, and ... 353 Fan Ming Ming - - 2012   To determine the effect of cholecystectomy on the motility of the sphincter of Oddi (SO).   Pressures of common bile duct (CBD), SO motility and its response to bolus injections of cholecystokinin (CCK, 20 ng/kg and 100 ng/kg) were detected respectively by manometry in eight Beagle dogs before and after cholecystectomy. ... 354 Neisius Ulf - - 2012 We assessed the relationship between pulse pressure and intermediate cardiovascular phenotypes in a middle-aged cohort with high prevalence of hypertension. It has been suggested that central pulse pressure (cPP) is a better predictor of cardiovascular outcome than peripheral pulse pressure (pPP), particularly in the elderly. Yet, it is unclear if ... 355 Dave Jaydev K - - 2012 To develop a new noninvasive approach to quantify left ventricular (LV) pressures using subharmonic emissions from microbubbles, an ultrasound scanner was used in pulse inversion grayscale mode; unprocessed radiofrequency data were obtained with pulsed wave Doppler from the aorta and/or LV during Sonazoid infusion. Subharmonic data (in dB) were extracted ... 356 Sanders Joan E - - 2012 The purpose of this research was to investigate the influence of sock addition and removal on residual-limb fluid volume in people using prosthetic limbs. We used bioimpedance analysis to measure residual-limb extracellular fluid volume on 28 transtibial amputee subjects during 30 min test sessions. Upon addition of a one-ply polyester ... 357 Rosendorff Clive - - 2012 There are very few data on the relationship between systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), arterial compliance, and left ventricular structure and function, particularly left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), in the very elderly (>75 years). SBP and arterial stiffness increase with age, and the question is: which of the ... 358 Westenberg Jos J M - - 2012 The Bramwell-Hill model describes the relation between vascular wall stiffness expressed in aortic distensibility and the pulse wave velocity (PWV), which is the propagation speed of the systolic pressure wave through the aorta. The main objective of this study was to test the validity of this model locally in the ... 359 Ilesanmi Olayinka Stephen - - 2012 The health systems designed to cater for patients with chronic illnesses like hypertension have not fully evaluated the burden of long term therapy and its effect on patient outcome. This study assessed the financial implication and cost effectiveness of hypertension treatment in a rural Nigerian town. A chart review of ... 360 Clays Els - - 2012 While moderate and vigorous leisure time physical activities are well documented to decrease the risk for cardiovascular disease, several studies have demonstrated an increased risk for cardiovascular disease in workers with high occupational activity. Research on the underlying causes to the contrasting effects of occupational and leisure time physical activity ... 361 Prakash Smita S Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2012 Baroreflex failure results in wide excursions of blood pressure and heart rate. We report two cases that developed severe postoperative hypertension after radical neck dissection. Carotid sinus denervation during neck dissection may be the cause of the reflex hypertension once general anesthesia-induced vasodilatation has ended. 362 Czosnyka Marek M Academic Neurosurgical Unit, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. - - 2012 The cerebrovascular time constant (τ) describes the time to establish a change in cerebral blood volume after a step transient in arterial blood pressure (ABP). We studied the relationship between τ, ABP, intracranial pressure (ICP), and end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration (EtCO2). Recordings from 46 anaesthetized, paralysed and ventilated New Zealand ... 363 Fourchet François - - 2011 This study aimed to compare foot plantar pressure distribution while jogging and running in highly trained adolescent runners. Eleven participants performed two constant-velocity running trials either at jogging (11.2±0.9km/h) or running (17.8±1.4km/h) pace on a treadmill. Contact area (CA in cm(2)), maximum force (F(max) in N), peak pressure (PP in ... 364 Bode Aron S - - 2011 BACKGROUND: Despite routine ultrasound mapping of upper extremity arteries and veins, early thrombosis and nonmaturation remain frequent complications following vascular access (VA) surgery. Besides vascular diameters, brachial artery stiffness is assumed to play an important role; however, reproducibility of measurements has never been established. The purpose of this study was ... 365 Hermeling Evelien - - 2011 BACKGROUND:: The current standard for arterial stiffness assessment, aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), is measured at diastolic pressure. Arterial stiffness, however, is pressure dependent. At the carotid artery level, the degree of this dependency can be quantified as the difference (ΔPWV) between systolic and diastolic (cPWVd) carotid pulse wave velocity. ... 366 Todd Alwyn S - - 2011 Background:  Studies of dietary sodium on vascular function and blood pressure (BP) in normotensive volunteers have shown conflicting results. There is very limited data available on the effect of chronic sodium loading from a low-sodium diet to a high-sodium diet on vascular function and BP in normotensive volunteers. Objective:  To ... 367 Girshberg Y - - 2012 Pressure has a profound effect on the paraelectric and ferroelectric properties of perovskite crystals. In this paper we theoretically investigate the effect of pressure on the cubic-to-tetragonal phase transition and on the soft mode dynamics of some classical perovskite crystals: BaTiO(3), PbTiO(3), and KNbO(3). We use a model consisting of ... 368 Mahjoub Y - - 2011 BACKGROUND: /st>In the intensive care unit, intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is a frequently encountered, life-threatening condition. The aim of this animal study was to evaluate the effect of IAH on left ventricular (LV) relaxation (i.e. the active phase of diastole). METHODS: /st>Seven male rabbits were anaesthetized before mechanical ventilation. A 20 ... 369 Merabet Nassiba - - 2011 The study addressed the hypothesis that soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition, which increases cardiovascular protective epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), exerts beneficial effects in an established chronic heart failure (CHF) model. In CHF rats, left ventricular (LV) function, perfusion and remodeling were assessed using MRI and invasive hemodynamics after 42-day (starting 8days ... 370 Yiou E - - 2011 During leg flexion from erect posture, postural stability along the medio-lateral direction is organized in advance during "anticipatory postural adjustments" (APAs). This study aimed to investigate the influence of temporal pressure on this anticipatory postural control of medio-lateral stability. Eight young healthy participants performed series of leg flexions (1) as ... 371 Hsiu Hsin - - 2011 Abstract Background: Cold stimulation (CS) accompanied by vasoconstriction can increase the stiffness of the arterial system. The vascular responses during CS have been studied using photoplethysmography (PPG), but most have focused on time-domain waveform indexes. Focusing on the radial arterial blood pressure (BPW) and the finger PPG waveforms, we aimed ... 372 Corazza Ivan - - 2011 The aim of this paper is to clarify some physical-mechanical aspects involved in the carbon dioxide angiography procedure (CO(2) angiography), with a particular attention to a possible damage of the vascular wall. CO(2) angiography is widely used on patients with iodine intolerance. The injection of a gaseous element, in most ... 373 Sutrakar Vijay Kumar - - 2011 Atomistic simulation of initial ⟨100⟩ oriented FCC Cu nanowires shows a novel coupled temperature-pressure dependent reorientation from ⟨100⟩ to ⟨110⟩ phase. A temperature-pressure-induced solid-solid ⟨100⟩ to ⟨110⟩ reorientation diagram is generated for Cu nanowire with varying cross-sectional sizes. A critical pressure is reported for Cu nanowires with varying cross-sectional sizes, ... 374 Saranathan Archana - - 2012 The study was performed to characterize the influence of tibial tuberosity realignment on the pressure applied to cartilage on the patella in the intact condition and with lesions on the lateral and medial facets. Ten knees were loaded in vitro through the quadriceps (586 N) and hamstrings (200 N) at ... 375 Feng Bibo - - 2012 A device is presented for efficiently enriching parahydrogen by pulsed injection of ambient hydrogen gas. Hydrogen input to the generator is pulsed at high pressure to a catalyst chamber making thermal contact with the cold head of a closed-cycle cryocooler maintained between 15 and 20K. The system enables fast production ... 376 Bhagat Anumeha - - 2011 Pulse examination by palpation of a peripheral artery against a bony prominence is the most commonly used and widely accepted method. However this is subjective and thus prone to errors. Although pulse waveform was recorded in the 19th century, it did not gain popularity because of inconvenience in using the ... 377 Bamberger Philip David - - 2011 The cerebral metabolic and vascular effects of intravenous norepinephrine have been shown in an animal model using somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEPs). A case of intravenous norepinephrine resulting in a decrease in SSEP amplitude (of greater than 50%) despite no significant change in blood pressure, prior to cross-clamping during a carotid endarterectomy ... 378 Anile Carmelo - - 2011 The analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pulse pressure waveform has been considered as a reliable method to investigate the intracranial system (ICS) dynamics. We have examined the morphological changes of the CSF pulse wave and of the sagittal sinus pressure (SSP) wave during a progressive increase in intracranial pressure (ICP) ... 379 Hughson R L - - 2012 Early evidence from long-duration flights indicates general cardiovascular deconditioning, including reduced arterial baroreflex gain. The current study investigated the spontaneous baroreflex and markers of cardiovascular control in six male astronauts living for 2-6 mo on the International Space Station. Measurements were made from the finger arterial pressure waves during spontaneous ... 380 Tanaka Yoshifumi Y Faculty of Economics, Tezukayama University, 7-1-1 Tezukayama, Nara 631-8501, Japan. - - 2011 The primary purpose of the present study was to examine kinematic characteristics and force control during a golf-putting task under a pressure condition. The secondary purpose was to provide an exploratory investigation of the relationship between changes in behavior (kinematics and force control) and performance on the one hand, and ... 381 Heffernan Kevin S - - 2011 Subacute and chronic cardiac adaptations to marathon running may increase risk for sudden death. Herein, it is proposed that cardiac arrhythmogenic remodeling resulting from prolonged strenuous exertion may also have a systemic vascular component. Marathon running reduces coronary pulse pressure and causes acute endothelial damage, possibly via altering concentrations of ... 382 Sariali Elhadi - - 2011 A finite elements model was developed in order to evaluate the combined influence of the head lateral microseparation and the cup abduction angle on the contact pressure in Ceramic-on-Ceramic Total Hip Arthroplasty. The model's parameters were those used on the Leeds II hip simulator. A 32mm head diameter and a ... 383 Dean Mason N - - 2011 Chimaera (Holocephali) are cartilaginous fishes with flexible operculi rather than external gill slits, suggesting ventilation occurs in a manner different from other fishes. We examined holocephalan ventilation morphology, behavior, and performance by anatomical investigations, high-speed video, and in vivo pressure measurements from the buccal and parabranchial cranial cavities in Hydrolagus ... 384 Jiang Kai - - 2011 Bismuth ferrite (BiFeO$_3$) nanocrystalline films with the crystalline size of 27-40 nm have been grown on {\it c}-sapphire substrates under various oxygen pressures of 10$^{-4}$-1 Pa by pulsed laser deposition. The X-ray diffraction spectra show that the films are polycrystalline and present the pure rhombohedral phase. It was found that ... 385 Sonoda H - - 2011 The present study investigated factors that modify or affect arterial stiffness as assessed by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in the general population. Subjects had previously participated in a physical checkup program (n=911), and baPWV and urinary albumin and sodium excretion were also measured. Urine albumin was expressed as the ... 386 Sakka L - - 2011 The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is contained in the brain ventricles and the cranial and spinal subarachnoid spaces. The mean CSF volume is 150ml, with 25ml in the ventricles and 125ml in subarachnoid spaces. CSF is predominantly, but not exclusively, secreted by the choroid plexuses. Brain interstitial fluid, ependyma and capillaries ... 387 Manisty Charlotte H CH International Centre for Circulatory Health, Imperial College London, London, UK. - - 2012 The AV delay optimization of biventricular pacemakers (cardiac resynchronization therapy) may maximize hemodynamic benefit but consumes specialist time to conduct echocardiographically. Noninvasive BP monitoring is a potentially automatable alternative, but it is unknown whether it gives the same information and similar precision (signal/noise ratio). Moreover, the immediate BP increment on ... 388 Trautmann Caroline - - 2011 Abstract Plantar pressure characteristics during fencing movements may provide more specific information about the influence of foot loading on overload injury patterns. Twenty-nine experienced fencers participated in the study. Three fencing-specific movements (lunge, advance, retreat) and normal running were performed with three different shoe models: Ballestra (Nike, USA), Adistar Fencing ... 389 Heulitt Mark J - - 2011 OBJECTIVE:: Our objective was to compare response time, pressure time product as a reflection of work of breathing, and incidence and type of asynchrony in neurally vs. pneumatically triggered breaths in a spontaneously breathing animal model with resolving lung injury. DESIGN:: Prospective animal study. SETTING:: Experimental laboratory. SUBJECTS:: Male Yorkshire ... 390 Li Bassi Gianluigi - - 2011 OBJECTIVES:: During mechanical ventilation, air flows may play a role in mucus transport via two-phase gas liquid flow. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of duty cycles and positive end-expiratory pressure on mucus clearance in pigs using mechanical ventilation, and to assess their safety. DESIGN:: Prospective randomized ... 391 Seitz Andreas Martin - - 2011 We examined the influence of partial meniscectomy of 10 mm width on 10 human cadaveric knee joints, as it is performed during the treatment of radial tears in the posterior horn of the medial meniscus, on maximum contact pressure, contact area (CA), and meniscal hoop strain in the lateral and medial ... 392 Alian Aymen A - - 2011 OBJECTIVE: The photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveforms are modulated by the respiratory, cardiac and autonomic nervous system. Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) has been used as an experimental tool to simulate loss of central blood volume in humans. The aim of our research is to understanding PPG waveform changes during progressive hypovolemia. ... 393 Bátkai Sándor - - 2011 Hypertension is a complex, multifactorial disease, and its development is determined by a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors. Several mechanisms have been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension: increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system, overactivation of the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS), dysfunction of vascular endothelium, impaired platelet ... 394 Polglase Graeme R - - 2012 Cerebral blood flow disturbance is a major contributor to brain injury in the preterm infant. The initiation of ventilation may be a critical time for cerebral hemodynamic disturbance leading to brain injury in preterm infants, particularly if they are exposed to inflammation in utero. We aimed to determine whether exposure ... 395 Keith Stephen E - - 2011 Using a manikin, equivalent free-field sound pressure level measurements were made from the portable digital audio players of 219 subjects, aged 10 to 17 years (93 males) at their typical and "worst-case" volume levels. Measurements were made in different classrooms with background sound pressure levels between 40 and 52 dBA. ... 396 Hoshino Yuko - - 2011 To determine the mechanical upper airway properties and compensatory neuromuscular responses to obstruction during propofol anesthesia in the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle. Prospective, randomized study. University-affiliated hospital. 12 premenopausal female volunteers for studies of upper airway collapse throughout their menstrual cycle during the follicular phase (6 ... 397 Yasui Kyuichi - - 2011 The effect of static pressure on acoustic emissions including shock-wave emissions from cavitation bubbles in viscous liquids under ultrasound has been studied by numerical simulations in order to investigate the effect of static pressure on dispersion of nano-particles in liquids by ultrasound. The results of the numerical simulations for bubbles ... 398 Suissa Daniel - - 2011 Several randomized controlled trials comparing negative-pressure therapy to standard wound care for chronic wounds have been published. Although these studies suggest a benefit for negative-pressure therapy, the majority of the review articles on the topic conclude that the studies are inconclusive. The authors conducted a quantitative meta-analysis of the effectiveness ... 399 Koch P - - 2011 Bubble dynamics is investigated numerically with special emphasis on the static pressure and the positional stability of the bubble in a standing sound field. The bubble habitat, made up of not dissolving, positionally and spherically stable bubbles, is calculated in the parameter space of the bubble radius at rest and ... 400 Mitchell Gary F - - 2011 Aortic stiffness increases with age and vascular risk factor exposure and is associated with increased risk for structural and functional abnormalities in the brain. High ambient flow and low impedance are thought to sensitize the cerebral microcirculation to harmful effects of excessive pressure and flow pulsatility. However, haemodynamic mechanisms contributing ... < 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >