Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2479
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Gialama Fotini - - 2013
Hypertension represents a major health problem, affecting more than one billion adults worldwide. Irbesartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, is considered to be a highly effective treatment in the management of hypertension. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability profile , and cost-effectiveness of ...
Li Xinli - - 2013
Epidemiological studies suggested that lycopene supplement could decrease blood pressure, but the results were conflicting. We conducted an updated meta-analysis by screening PubMed databases, and calculated the combined effect size using a random effect model. In addition, subgroup analysis stratified by baseline blood pressure, lycopene dosage, duration, study location and ...
Vornovitsky Michael M Internal Medicine and Cardiology Division, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, United States. - - 2013
The variability of blood pressure (BP) makes any single measurement a poor indicator of a patient's true BP. Multiple studies have confirmed the superiority of ambulatory BP measurements over clinic BP measurements in predicting cardiovascular risk; however, this method presents the problem of patient acceptance as it causes frequent arm ...
Rubio-Guerra Alberto Francisco AF Metabolic and Research Clinic, Hospital General de Ticomán SS DF and Mexican Group for Basic and Clinical Research in Internal Medicine, México DF, - - 2013
Because hypertension and depression share common pathways, it is possible that each disease has an impact on the natural history of the other. To determinate whether depression influences blood pressure control in hypertensive patients. Forty hypertensive patients undergoing antihypertensive treatment, excluding beta-blockers and central-acting agents, self-measured their blood pressure several ...
Miled Amine A Electrical Engineering Department, Polytechnique - - 2013
In this work, 3 different packaging and assembly techniques are presented. They can be classified into two categories: one-time use and reusable packaging techniques. The one-time use packaging technique employs UV-based and temperature curing epoxies to connect microtubes to access holes, wire-bonding for integrated circuit connections, and silver epoxy for ...
Sakai Yukinao Y Department of Nephrology, Nippon Medical School Musashikosugi Hospital, Kawasaki, - - 2013
The effects of olmesartan (OLM) on blood pressure and kidney function in Japanese patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) were compared between 20 mg twice daily (BID) and 40 mg once daily (QD) treatments. The subjects were Japanese CKD patients with concurrent hypertension who had been treated with OLM 20 ...
Trudel Xavier X Unité de Recherche en Santé des Populations du Centre de Recherche FRQS du CHU de Québec, CHU de Québec, 1050 Chemin Ste-Foy, Québec, QC, Canada G1S - - 2013
Objectives. To examine masked hypertension persistence over 5 years. Methods. White-collar workers were recruited from three public organizations. Blood pressure (BP) was measured using Spacelabs 90207. Manually operated BP was defined as the mean of the first three readings taken at rest. Ambulatory BP was defined as the mean of ...
McKinstry Brian B Centre for Population Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK. - - 2013
To determine if an intervention consisting of telemonitoring and supervision by usual primary care clinicians of home self measured blood pressure and optional patient decision support leads to clinically important reductions in daytime systolic and diastolic ambulatory blood pressure in patients with uncontrolled blood pressure. Multicentre randomised controlled trial. 20 ...
Song Zirui Z Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Mobile health clinics are in increasingly wide use, but evidence of their clinical impact or cost-effectiveness is limited. Using a unique data set of 5,900 patients who made a total of 10,509 visits in 2010-12 to the Family Van, an urban mobile health clinic in Massachusetts, we examined the effect ...
Mena Luis J LJ Department of Computer Engineering, Polytechnic University of Sinaloa, 82199 Mazatlan, SIN, Mexico. - - 2013
The ARVmobile v1.0 is a multiplatform mobile personal health monitor (PHM) application for ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring that has the potential to aid in the acquisition and analysis of detailed profile of ABP and heart rate (HR), improve the early detection and intervention of hypertension, and detect potential abnormal ...
Wolff Moa M Center for Primary Health Care Research, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö 205 02, Sweden. - - 2013
Medical treatment of hypertension is not always sufficient to achieve blood pressure control. Despite this, previous studies on supplementary therapies, such as yoga, are relatively few. We investigated the effects of two yoga interventions on blood pressure and quality of life in patients in primary health care diagnosed with hypertension. ...
Wang Shiying S Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903, - - 2013
Flow-focusing microfluidic devices (FFMDs) can produce microbubbles (MBs) with precisely controlled diameters and a narrow size distribution. In this paper, poly-dimethyl-siloxane based, rectangular-nozzle, two-dimensional (2-D) planar, expanding-nozzle FFMDs were characterized using a high speed camera to determine the production rate and diameter of Tween 20 (2% v/v) stabilized MBs. The ...
D'Elia John A JA Joslin Diabetes Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA ; Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Research in resistant hypertension has again focused on autonomic nervous system denervation - 50 years after it had been stopped due to postural hypotension and availability of newer drugs. These (ganglionic blockers) drugs have all been similarly stopped, due to postural hypotension and yet newer antihypertensive agents. Recent demonstration of ...
Alajbegovic Salem S Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Bosnia and - - 2013
Hypertension represents an important public health problem. Effective treatment of hypertension is imperative for primary care. The goal of this study was to examine the efficacy of Valsartan in the treatment of hypertension with emphasis on the overall efficacy in reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in a sample ...
Ohta Y - - 2012
It has been suggested that fibrates, lipid-lowering agents with a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α agonistic property, lower blood pressure (BP) in some experimental models of hypertension. However, the effect of fibrates on BP in humans has been inconsistent, and there are few studies using home or ambulatory BP monitoring. We investigated ...
Vink Eva E - - 2012
In 2005, cardiovascular diseases globally accounted for 30% of an estimated total of 58 million deaths. Hypertension is one of the major contributors to these events. Unfortunately, about two-thirds of all hypertensive patients do not reach treatment goals despite maximal drug treatment. Percutaneous catheter-based renal denervation as a therapy for ...
Duraine G D - - 2012
The objective of this study was to identify ERK 1/2 involvement in the changes in compressive and tensile mechanical properties associated with hydrostatic pressure treatment of self-assembled cartilage constructs. In study 1, ERK 1/2 phosphorylation was detected by immunoblot, following application of hydrostatic pressure (1 h of static 10 MPa) applied at ...
Coles Leah T - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The consumption of beetroot juice on a low nitrate diet may lower blood pressure (BP) and therefore reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. However, it is unknown if its inclusion as part of a normal diet has a similar effect on BP. The aim of the study was ...
Kario Kazuomi - - 2013
The Ambulatory Blood Pressure Control and Home Blood Pressure (Morning and Evening) Lowering By N-Channel Blocker Cilnidipine (ACHIEVE-ONE) trial is a large-scale clinical study on blood pressure (BP) and pulse rate (PR) in the real world with use of cilnidipine, a unique L/N-type Ca channel blocker, possessing a suppressive action ...
Podgornik Aleš - - 2012
Convective chromatographic media comprising of membranes and monoliths represent an important group of chromatographic supports due to their flow-unaffected chromatographic properties and consequently fast separation and purification even of large biological macromolecules. Consisting of a single piece of material, common characterization procedures based on analysis of a small sample assuming ...
Kapil Vikas - - 2012
Circulating nitrate (NO(3)(-)), derived from dietary sources or endogenous nitric oxide production, is extracted from blood by the salivary glands, accumulates in saliva and is then reduced to nitrite (NO(2)(-)) by the oral microflora. This process has historically been viewed as harmful, since nitrite can promote formation of potentially carcinogenic ...
Tocci Giuliano - - 2012
Effective treatment of hypertension is a key strategy for preventing and reducing the burden of hypertension-related cardiovascular diseases. In spite of these well-established concepts, hypertension remains poorly controlled, worldwide. Among the different pharmacological strategies required to improve blood pressure (BP) control, a more extensive use of combination therapy is progressively ...
Farsang Csaba - - 2012
The aim of the PICASSO study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose perindopril 10 mg/indapamide 2.5 mg in everyday medical practice. In this 3-month, open-label, observational study, outpatients with primary hypertension who did not reach the blood pressure goal (< 140/90 mmHg) with antihypertensive treatment were enrolled ...
Yanagi Mai - - 2012
Accumulated evidence suggests that an altered ambulatory blood pressure (BP) profile, particularly elevated nighttime BP, reflects target organ injury and is a better predictor of further cardiorenal risk than the clinic BP or daytime BP in hypertensive patients complicated by chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, we examined the ...
Wang Xin - - 2012
Hypertension control rates are unacceptably low in China. The present study demonstrates if a customized, guideline-oriented training program can cost-effectively improve hypertension management in primary healthcare. Four typical community health centers in Beijing were selected and randomized to intervention or control (one urban and one rural each). A sample of ...
Parati Gianfranco G Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. - - 2013
Observational studies have shown that 24-h and morning ambulatory blood pressure (BP) control is low. This large-scale, practice-based study evaluated the effects of telmisartan 40 or 80 mg alone or in combination with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5 mg on these BP parameters over 8 weeks; treatment was adjusted if clinic BP remained ≥140/90 mm Hg. ...
Schieman Scott - - 2013
Data from a 2011 representative sample of Canadian workers are used to test the resource versus the stress of higher status hypotheses. Drawing on the Job Demands-Resources model (JD-R), the resource hypothesis predicts that job-related resources reduce job pressure. The stress of higher status hypothesis predicts that job-related resources increase ...
Suzuki Hiromichi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: When physicians prescribe a new antihypertensive drug, they do not know the extent of the drug's effect on lowering blood pressure. To resolve this dilemma, a Web-based program was constructed for real-time entry and analysis of treatment. This observational study evaluated the efficacy of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide (Lo/HCTZ) in lowering blood ...
Grassi Guido - - 2012
Several pathophysiological, clinical, and therapeutic features of resistant hypertension are far from being clearly defined. This is the case also for the efficacy of aldosterone receptor antagonists as an add-on treatment of resistant hypertension. The Addition of Spironolactone in Patients with Resistant Arterial Hypertension (ASPIRANT) trial evaluated, with a double-blind, ...
Wang Ji-Guang - - 2012
There is limited information on the long-term efficacy and safety of olmesartan medoxomil in the management of hypertension in Chinese patients. We therefore conducted the present multicentre, single-arm, prospective, observational study to investigate the 24-week efficacy and safety of olmesartan medoxomil in patients with mild to moderate hypertension. Eligible patients ...
Horm Katie Marie - - 2012
Abstract Human noroviruses (HNoV) have been implicated in gastrointestinal outbreaks associated with fresh produce, juices, and ready-to-eat foods. In order to determine the risk of HNoV transmission by contaminated blueberry juice, survival characteristics of cultivable HNoV surrogates (murine norovirus, MNV-1; feline calicivirus, FCV-F9; and bacteriophage MS2) in blueberry juice (pH=2.77) ...
Li Junhui - - 2012
Background and aims: The present study was designed to characterize and compare the ambulatory blood pressure changes of patients with Type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN) and non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD), and to investigate the features of ambulatory blood pressure in patients with Type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN) in comparison ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2012
Patients with resistant hypertension (RH) are at greater risk for stroke, renal insufficiency, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events than are those for whom blood pressure (BP) is responsive to and well controlled by therapeutic interventions. Although all chronotherapy trials have compared the effects on BP regulation of full daily doses ...
Cammi R - - 2012
We present a new quantum chemical method for the calculation of the equilibrium geometry and the harmonic vibrational frequencies of molecular systems in dense medium at high pressures (of the order of GPa). The new computational method, named PCM-XP, is based on the polarizable continuum model (PCM), amply used for ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2012
Specific features of the 24-h blood pressure (BP) pattern are linked to progressive injury of target tissues and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. Several studies have consistently shown an association between blunted asleep BP decline and risk of fatal and nonfatal CVD events. Thus, there is growing focus on ...
Rossen Niklas B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Ambulatory blood pressure monitors are subject to extensive validation protocols, but no international guidelines on the software processing the collected raw data exist. Hence, there seems to be little or no control of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) software with respect to errors. In this paper, we wish to ...
Dinneen Sean F - - 2012
QUESTION Do quality improvement (QI) strategies improve glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels, and blood pressure in adults with diabetes? REVIEW SCOPE Included studies assessed ≥ 1 of 12 predefined QI strategies for management of adult outpatients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. QI strategies could target ...
Matějková Kateřina - - 2013
The effects of vacuum packaging followed by high pressure processing on the shelf-life of fillets of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were examined. Samples were pressure-treated at 300 and 500MPa and were stored at 3.5 and 12°C for up to 28days (control - 0MPa) and 42 or 70days (pressure-treated; 12 and ...
Mancia Giuseppe G Department of Clinical Medicine and Prevention, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy. - - 2012
In the Ongoing Telmisartan Alone and in Combination with Ramipril Global Endpoint Trial, telmisartan (T; 80 mg daily) and ramipril (R; 10 mg daily) caused similar clinic blood pressure (BP) reductions, with a similar incidence of cardiovascular and renal events. The R+T combination lowered clinic BP somewhat more with no ...
Banks M D - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:This study estimates the economic outcomes of a nutrition intervention to at-risk patients compared with standard care in the prevention of pressure ulcer.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Statistical models were developed to predict 'cases of pressure ulcer avoided', 'number of bed days gained' and 'change to economic costs' in public hospitals in 2002-2003 in Queensland, ...
Hodgson Jonathan M - - 2012
There is increasing evidence that black tea polyphenols contribute to vascular health. We have recently shown that regular ingestion of polyphenol-rich black tea over 6 months results in lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure. However, the time course of these effects remains unclear. Therefore, our objective was to determine if ...
Bai Ligang - - 2012
Charge transfer in cobalt oxide Co(3)O(4) in the spinel structure is evidenced by experimental results using x-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy, and Raman scattering at high pressures up to 42.1, 24.6 and 35.1 GPa, respectively. While the cubic structure was found to persist under pressure up ...
Trogdon Justin G - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:760-766. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This study analyzed the cost-effectiveness of a patient hypertension education intervention that provided patient education through interactive voice response technology and distribution of automated blood pressure monitors to high-risk plan members with uncontrolled hypertension. A total of 17,318 members were identified ...
Piette John D - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Hypertension and other noncommunicable diseases represent a growing threat to low/middle-income countries (LMICs). Mobile health technologies may improve noncommunicable disease outcomes, but LMICs lack resources to provide these services. We evaluated the efficacy of a cloud computing model using automated self-management calls plus home blood pressure (BP) monitoring ...
Jiang Hong - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of olmesartan medoxomil in Chinese patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension using different methods according to ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Chinese patients 18-75 years of age with clinic diastolic blood pressure (BP) 90-109 mmHg and systolic BP less than 180 mmHg were treated with olmesartan ...
Saladini Francesca - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The difference between clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) is a poor estimate of the true white-coat effect (WCE) measured with beat-to-beat recording. METHOD:: We investigated whether the difference between clinic and home BP (home WCE) was a better estimate of true WCE than ambulatory WCE. In 73 young ...
Kräuchi Kurt - - 2012
It is generally assumed that skin vascular resistance contributes only to a small extent to total peripheral resistance and hence to blood pressure (BP). However, little is known about the impact of skin blood flow (SBF) changes on the diurnal variations of BP under ambulatory conditions. The main aim of ...
Malan Nicolaas T - - 2012
Hypertension (HT) and the metabolic syndrome are major problems in Africa. The role of sex hormones in the cardiovascular profile of black Africans in South Africa has not been studied. Our objective was to study the association between the sex hormones and ambulatory blood pressure and the heart rate (HR) ...
Le Cai - - 2012
Objective  To estimate the economic burden of hypertension in a given year in rural Yunnan Province of China, including direct, indirect and intangible costs. Methods  A prevalence-based cost-of-illness method was used to estimate the economic burden of hypertension. Data on participants' demographic characteristics, inpatient hospitalisation expenditures, outpatient visit expenditures, self-medication ...
Albarwani Sulayma - - 2012
Objective: To estimate the heritability of ambulatory blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and beat-to-beat office BP and HR in an isolated, environmentally and genetically homogeneous Omani Arab population. Methods: Ambulatory BP measurements were recorded in 1,124 subjects with a mean age of 33.8 ± 16.2 years, using the auscultatory ...
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