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Results 301 - 350 of 2499
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Myers Kevin - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the effect the source of added nitrite and high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) had on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat (RTE) sliced ham. Use of 600MPa HHP for 3min resulted in an immediate 3.9-4.3log CFU/g reduction in L. monocytogenes numbers, while ...
Erbay Ali Riza - - 2013
Hypertension terms "dipper" and "non-dipper" are propounded by the change that occurs during ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring. The purpose of this study is to present whether the serum urotensin II levels are different in patients with dipper and non-dipper hypertension and to put forward the effects causing this difference, ...
Bai Yamin - - 2013
Hypertension and associated chronic diseases impose enormous and growing health and economic burdens worldwide. The objective of this study was to investigate the cost-effectiveness (CE) of a hypertension control program in China. We collected information on program costs and health outcomes in three community health centers over a 1-year period. ...
Pai David Z - - 2013
We report a nanoscale synthesis technique using nanosecond-duration plasma discharges. Voltage pulses 12.5 kV in amplitude and 40 ns in duration were applied repetitively at 30 kHz across molybdenum electrodes in open ambient air, generating a nanosecond spark discharge that synthesized well-defined MoO(3) nanoscale architectures (i.e. flakes, dots, walls, porous networks) upon polyamide ...
Chen Chao-Yang - - 2013
Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is a global public health problem. A rising number of IDH sufferers resort to Chinese patent medicine, Shengmai Injection (SMI) in China. The objectives of present study are to assess the effectiveness and safety of SMI as an adjunct therapy for IDH. A systematic search of 6 ...
Jankowski Piotr - - 2013
BACKGROUND The significant difference in central and peripheral blood pressure (BP) values has only recently been widely recognized. Ambulatory BP monitoring has been shown to have advantages over office BP measurements because ambulatory monitoring can provide important information not available when only office BP is measured. The aim of this ...
Sie Astrini - - 2013
We present a method of quantitatively measuring the pressure distribution applied to synthetic tissues by surgical tools via dye-impregnated microcapsules that rupture at specified pressures. A method utilizing pre-made indicator sheets is evaluated by force applications on synthetic bowel, and methods for creating paint-on indicator slurries were explored. A high ...
Posokhov Igor N - - 2013
This review describes issues for the estimation of pulse wave velocity (PWV) under ambulatory conditions using oscillometric systems. The difference between the principles of measuring the PWV by the standard method and by oscillometry is shown, and information on device validation studies is summarized. It was concluded that currently oscillometry ...
Ernst Michael E - - 2013
Conventional office blood pressure readings are a well-established surrogate for the prediction of cardiovascular risk. It is assumed that these readings reflect an underlying average level of blood pressure exposure occurring in an individual over a period of time. But because blood pressure is not static, important additional prognostic information ...
Ju Myeong-Sook - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of aroma massage applied to middle-aged women with hypertension. The research study had a nonequivalent control group, nonsynchronized design to investigate the effect on home blood pressure (BP), ambulatory BP, and sleep. The hypertensive patients were allocated into the aroma ...
Brown Jocelyn - - 2013
Acute respiratory infections are the leading cause of global child mortality. In the developing world, nasal oxygen therapy is often the only treatment option for babies who are suffering from respiratory distress. Without the added pressure of bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (bCPAP) which helps maintain alveoli open, babies struggle ...
Billecke Scott S - - 2013
The use of multiple drug regimens is increasingly recognized as a tacit requirement for the management of hypertension, a necessity fueled in part by rising rates of metabolic syndrome and diabetes. By targeting complementary pathways, combinations of antihypertensive drugs can be applied to provide effective blood pressure control while minimizing ...
Asgary Sedigheh - - 2013
Citrus sinensis juice (CSJ) is a rich source of dietary flavonoids which reduce the risk of adverse cardiovascular events. This study aimed to examine the effects of four-week intake of natural and commercial orange (Citrus sinensis) juice on blood pressure in healthy volunteers. In this single-blind randomized crossover study, 22 ...
Abe Naoki - - 2013
The influence of two pretreatment methods, thermal treatment and low-pressure wet oxidation, on the sludge digestion efficiency was examined. Batch thermophilic anaerobic digestion was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the pretreatment methods in terms of volatile suspended solids (VSS) digestion efficiency and gas production. The results showed that the ...
Le Bihan Thierry - - 2013
Photobacterium profundum SS9 is a Gram-negative bacterium, originally collected from the Sulu Sea. Its genome consists of two chromosomes and a 80 kb plasmid. Although it can grow under a wide range of pressures, P. profundum grows optimally at 28 MPa and 15°C. Its ability to grow at atmospheric pressure ...
Chen Hongyan - - 2013
The present study attempted to explore modulated hypothalamus-seeded resting brain network underlying the cardiovascular system in primary hypertensive patients after short-term acupuncture treatment. Thirty right-handed patients (14 male) were divided randomly into acupuncture and control groups. The acupuncture group received a continuous five-day acupuncture treatment and undertook three resting-state fMRI ...
Cheng Judy Wm - - 2013
Edarbyclor(®) is a combined angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and thiazide-like diuretic (azilsartan and chlorthalidone), and was approved on December 20, 2011 by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for hypertension management. To review the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, safety, tolerability, and role of azilsartan plus chlorthalidone for hypertension management. Peer-reviewed ...
Bentsen L - - 2013
Background. The association between outcome and elevated admission blood pressure (BP) remains uncertain in acute stroke patients. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between admission blood pressure and outcome in ischemic stroke patients treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Method. This study included patients treated ...
Ohsawa Masato - - 2013
An altered ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) profile is related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiorenal syndrome. In this study, we examined the effects of aliskiren, when added to angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers, on ambulatory BP and cardiorenal function in CKD. Thirty-six hypertensive CKD ...
Konfino Jonatan - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in adults in Argentina. Sodium reduction policies targeting processed foods were implemented in 2011 in Argentina, but the impact has not been evaluated. The aims of this study are to use Argentina-specific data on sodium excretion and project the impact of ...
Bramlage Peter - - 2013
The safety and efficacy of olmesartan 40 mg and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) as a fixed-dose combination has been investigated in clinical trials leading to its approval. The aims of the present study were to confirm these data in an unselected patient population in daily practice and to determine the impact of ...
Gialama Fotini - - 2013
Hypertension represents a major health problem, affecting more than one billion adults worldwide. Irbesartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, is considered to be a highly effective treatment in the management of hypertension. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability profile , and cost-effectiveness of ...
Li Xinli - - 2013
Epidemiological studies suggested that lycopene supplement could decrease blood pressure, but the results were conflicting. We conducted an updated meta-analysis by screening PubMed databases, and calculated the combined effect size using a random effect model. In addition, subgroup analysis stratified by baseline blood pressure, lycopene dosage, duration, study location and ...
Vornovitsky Michael M Internal Medicine and Cardiology Division, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, United States. - - 2013
The variability of blood pressure (BP) makes any single measurement a poor indicator of a patient's true BP. Multiple studies have confirmed the superiority of ambulatory BP measurements over clinic BP measurements in predicting cardiovascular risk; however, this method presents the problem of patient acceptance as it causes frequent arm ...
Rubio-Guerra Alberto Francisco AF Metabolic and Research Clinic, Hospital General de Ticomán SS DF and Mexican Group for Basic and Clinical Research in Internal Medicine, México DF, - - 2013
Because hypertension and depression share common pathways, it is possible that each disease has an impact on the natural history of the other. To determinate whether depression influences blood pressure control in hypertensive patients. Forty hypertensive patients undergoing antihypertensive treatment, excluding beta-blockers and central-acting agents, self-measured their blood pressure several ...
Miled Amine A Electrical Engineering Department, Polytechnique - - 2013
In this work, 3 different packaging and assembly techniques are presented. They can be classified into two categories: one-time use and reusable packaging techniques. The one-time use packaging technique employs UV-based and temperature curing epoxies to connect microtubes to access holes, wire-bonding for integrated circuit connections, and silver epoxy for ...
Sakai Yukinao Y Department of Nephrology, Nippon Medical School Musashikosugi Hospital, Kawasaki, - - 2013
The effects of olmesartan (OLM) on blood pressure and kidney function in Japanese patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) were compared between 20 mg twice daily (BID) and 40 mg once daily (QD) treatments. The subjects were Japanese CKD patients with concurrent hypertension who had been treated with OLM 20 ...
Trudel Xavier X Unité de Recherche en Santé des Populations du Centre de Recherche FRQS du CHU de Québec, CHU de Québec, 1050 Chemin Ste-Foy, Québec, QC, Canada G1S - - 2013
Objectives. To examine masked hypertension persistence over 5 years. Methods. White-collar workers were recruited from three public organizations. Blood pressure (BP) was measured using Spacelabs 90207. Manually operated BP was defined as the mean of the first three readings taken at rest. Ambulatory BP was defined as the mean of ...
McKinstry Brian B Centre for Population Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, UK. - - 2013
To determine if an intervention consisting of telemonitoring and supervision by usual primary care clinicians of home self measured blood pressure and optional patient decision support leads to clinically important reductions in daytime systolic and diastolic ambulatory blood pressure in patients with uncontrolled blood pressure. Multicentre randomised controlled trial. 20 ...
Song Zirui Z Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Mobile health clinics are in increasingly wide use, but evidence of their clinical impact or cost-effectiveness is limited. Using a unique data set of 5,900 patients who made a total of 10,509 visits in 2010-12 to the Family Van, an urban mobile health clinic in Massachusetts, we examined the effect ...
Mena Luis J LJ Department of Computer Engineering, Polytechnic University of Sinaloa, 82199 Mazatlan, SIN, Mexico. - - 2013
The ARVmobile v1.0 is a multiplatform mobile personal health monitor (PHM) application for ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring that has the potential to aid in the acquisition and analysis of detailed profile of ABP and heart rate (HR), improve the early detection and intervention of hypertension, and detect potential abnormal ...
Wolff Moa M Center for Primary Health Care Research, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö 205 02, Sweden. - - 2013
Medical treatment of hypertension is not always sufficient to achieve blood pressure control. Despite this, previous studies on supplementary therapies, such as yoga, are relatively few. We investigated the effects of two yoga interventions on blood pressure and quality of life in patients in primary health care diagnosed with hypertension. ...
Wang Shiying S Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903, - - 2013
Flow-focusing microfluidic devices (FFMDs) can produce microbubbles (MBs) with precisely controlled diameters and a narrow size distribution. In this paper, poly-dimethyl-siloxane based, rectangular-nozzle, two-dimensional (2-D) planar, expanding-nozzle FFMDs were characterized using a high speed camera to determine the production rate and diameter of Tween 20 (2% v/v) stabilized MBs. The ...
D'Elia John A JA Joslin Diabetes Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA ; Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Research in resistant hypertension has again focused on autonomic nervous system denervation - 50 years after it had been stopped due to postural hypotension and availability of newer drugs. These (ganglionic blockers) drugs have all been similarly stopped, due to postural hypotension and yet newer antihypertensive agents. Recent demonstration of ...
Alajbegovic Salem S Cantonal Hospital Zenica, Bosnia and - - 2013
Hypertension represents an important public health problem. Effective treatment of hypertension is imperative for primary care. The goal of this study was to examine the efficacy of Valsartan in the treatment of hypertension with emphasis on the overall efficacy in reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in a sample ...
Papworth Sarah S Division of Ecology and Evolution, Imperial College, Silwood Park Campus, Berkshire, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Responding only to individuals of a predator species which display threatening behaviour allows prey species to minimise energy expenditure and other costs of predator avoidance, such as disruption of feeding. The threat sensitivity hypothesis predicts such behaviour in prey species. If hunted animals are unable to distinguish dangerous humans from ...
Ohta Y - - 2012
It has been suggested that fibrates, lipid-lowering agents with a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α agonistic property, lower blood pressure (BP) in some experimental models of hypertension. However, the effect of fibrates on BP in humans has been inconsistent, and there are few studies using home or ambulatory BP monitoring. We investigated ...
Vink Eva E - - 2012
In 2005, cardiovascular diseases globally accounted for 30% of an estimated total of 58 million deaths. Hypertension is one of the major contributors to these events. Unfortunately, about two-thirds of all hypertensive patients do not reach treatment goals despite maximal drug treatment. Percutaneous catheter-based renal denervation as a therapy for ...
Duraine G D - - 2012
The objective of this study was to identify ERK 1/2 involvement in the changes in compressive and tensile mechanical properties associated with hydrostatic pressure treatment of self-assembled cartilage constructs. In study 1, ERK 1/2 phosphorylation was detected by immunoblot, following application of hydrostatic pressure (1 h of static 10 MPa) applied at ...
Coles Leah T - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The consumption of beetroot juice on a low nitrate diet may lower blood pressure (BP) and therefore reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. However, it is unknown if its inclusion as part of a normal diet has a similar effect on BP. The aim of the study was ...
Kario Kazuomi - - 2013
The Ambulatory Blood Pressure Control and Home Blood Pressure (Morning and Evening) Lowering By N-Channel Blocker Cilnidipine (ACHIEVE-ONE) trial is a large-scale clinical study on blood pressure (BP) and pulse rate (PR) in the real world with use of cilnidipine, a unique L/N-type Ca channel blocker, possessing a suppressive action ...
Podgornik Aleš - - 2012
Convective chromatographic media comprising of membranes and monoliths represent an important group of chromatographic supports due to their flow-unaffected chromatographic properties and consequently fast separation and purification even of large biological macromolecules. Consisting of a single piece of material, common characterization procedures based on analysis of a small sample assuming ...
Kapil Vikas - - 2012
Circulating nitrate (NO(3)(-)), derived from dietary sources or endogenous nitric oxide production, is extracted from blood by the salivary glands, accumulates in saliva and is then reduced to nitrite (NO(2)(-)) by the oral microflora. This process has historically been viewed as harmful, since nitrite can promote formation of potentially carcinogenic ...
Tocci Giuliano - - 2012
Effective treatment of hypertension is a key strategy for preventing and reducing the burden of hypertension-related cardiovascular diseases. In spite of these well-established concepts, hypertension remains poorly controlled, worldwide. Among the different pharmacological strategies required to improve blood pressure (BP) control, a more extensive use of combination therapy is progressively ...
Farsang Csaba - - 2012
The aim of the PICASSO study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose perindopril 10 mg/indapamide 2.5 mg in everyday medical practice. In this 3-month, open-label, observational study, outpatients with primary hypertension who did not reach the blood pressure goal (< 140/90 mmHg) with antihypertensive treatment were enrolled ...
Yanagi Mai - - 2012
Accumulated evidence suggests that an altered ambulatory blood pressure (BP) profile, particularly elevated nighttime BP, reflects target organ injury and is a better predictor of further cardiorenal risk than the clinic BP or daytime BP in hypertensive patients complicated by chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, we examined the ...
Wang Xin - - 2012
Hypertension control rates are unacceptably low in China. The present study demonstrates if a customized, guideline-oriented training program can cost-effectively improve hypertension management in primary healthcare. Four typical community health centers in Beijing were selected and randomized to intervention or control (one urban and one rural each). A sample of ...
Parati Gianfranco G Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. - - 2013
Observational studies have shown that 24-h and morning ambulatory blood pressure (BP) control is low. This large-scale, practice-based study evaluated the effects of telmisartan 40 or 80 mg alone or in combination with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5 mg on these BP parameters over 8 weeks; treatment was adjusted if clinic BP remained ≥140/90 mm Hg. ...
Schieman Scott - - 2013
Data from a 2011 representative sample of Canadian workers are used to test the resource versus the stress of higher status hypotheses. Drawing on the Job Demands-Resources model (JD-R), the resource hypothesis predicts that job-related resources reduce job pressure. The stress of higher status hypothesis predicts that job-related resources increase ...
Suzuki Hiromichi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: When physicians prescribe a new antihypertensive drug, they do not know the extent of the drug's effect on lowering blood pressure. To resolve this dilemma, a Web-based program was constructed for real-time entry and analysis of treatment. This observational study evaluated the efficacy of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide (Lo/HCTZ) in lowering blood ...
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