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Mani Ankur - - 2013
Cooperation in a large society of self-interested individuals is notoriously difficult to achieve when the externality of one individual's action is spread thin and wide on the whole society. This leads to the 'tragedy of the commons' in which rational action will ultimately make everyone worse-off. Traditional policies to promote ...
James Gary D - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Elevated blood pressure (BP), elevated serum cholesterol, and aberrant lipoprotein fractions (low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and high levels of low-density lipoprotein fractions and triglycerides) have all been used as measures that assess the "metabolic syndrome" and more recently in indexes of allostatic load, which are designed to ...
Ziv A - - 2013
Complementary medicine advocates the use of a multifactorial approach to address the varied aspects of hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare the blood pressure (BP) effect and medication use of a novel Comprehensive Approach to Lowering Measured Blood Pressure (CALM-BP), based on complementary medicine principles, with the ...
Giorgini Paolo - - 2013
An increased rate of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events has been described during and immediately after earthquakes. In this regard, few data are available on long-term blood pressure control in hypertensive outpatients after an earthquake. We evaluated the long-term effects of the April 2009 L'Aquila earthquake on blood pressure levels, as ...
Flynn Colleen - - 2013
The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes are both rising in the USA and around the globe. The treatment of hypertension in the ambulatory setting begins with proper blood pressure measurement, and often the involvement of home blood pressure monitoring. If the diagnosis of hypertension is confirmed, then education on lifestyle ...
Imai Yutaka - - 2013
Data regarding ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) or self-BP measurements at home (HBP) have been accumulated. The difference between ABP and HBP is that ABP monitoring (ABPM) provides BP information at many time points on a particular day during unrestricted routine daily activities, whereas HBP provides extensive amounts of BP information ...
Maeda Shinji - - 2013
Guidelines for the management of hypertension recommend that blood pressure (BP) should be measured twice at every visit; it should be measured in both arms at the first visit, and the right arm BP or higher BP should be recorded. Manufacturers of home BP monitors tend to design the device ...
de la Sierra Alejandro - - 2013
Resistant hypertension (HT) is a condition that confers a high cardiovascular risk to the patient due to both persistent blood pressure elevation and the high prevalence of comorbidities and organ damage. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has become an important tool in the diagnosis and follow-up of the hypertensive patient, ...
Chaudhuri Abanti - - 2013
Pediatric hypertension (HTN) is a growing concern and should be diagnosed and treated aggressively to reduce the global disease burden. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is a useful clinical tool providing a more accurate description of the patient's blood pressure (BP) than office BP measurements, and can be considered the ...
Lurbe Empar - - 2013
Over the last years, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has been introduced into the pediatric population, contributing to a significant increase in the bulk of knowledge of crucial clinically relevant issues. Guidelines have established the currently known conditions where ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is useful and where it will provide additional ...
Grassi Guido - - 2013
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has gained growing popularity in the diagnosis and treatment of essential hypertension for several reasons, such as the lack of the so-called white-coat effect, the greater reproducibility as compared with clinic blood pressure, the ability to provide information on blood pressure phenomena of prognostic value and ...
Qin L-Q - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lactotripeptides (LTPs, including IPP and VPP) have held promise in the framework of lifestyle modification for prevention and control of hypertension - a cardiovascular risk factor, as LTPs are reported to have an inhibitory effect on angiotensin-converting enzyme. While the number of clinical trials to test the efficacy ...
Hodgson Jonathan M - - 2013
Measures of blood pressure variation have been associated with cardiovascular disease and related outcomes. The regular consumption of black tea can lower blood pressure, but its effects on blood pressure variation have yet to be investigated. We aimed to assess the effects of black tea consumption on the rate of ...
Fung Colman Siu-Cheung - - 2013
This study aimed to assess whether a structured home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) education program can improve blood pressure control in patients. A cluster randomised controlled trial in which half of 240 patients in the intervention group received an education program focused on using HBPM machines at home, while the ...
O'Shaughnessy Michelle M MM Nephrology Services,1 Galway University Hospitals, and College of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences,2 National University of Ireland, Galway, - - 2013
The optimal approach to monitoring blood pressure (BP) in the peritoneal dialysis (PD) population is unclear. Ambulatory BP monitoring reliably predicts prognosis, but can be inconvenient. The accuracy of home BP monitoring in this population is unproven. The automated BpTRU device (BpTRU Medical Devices, Coquitlam, BC, Canada), which provides an ...
Drummond John C JC Department of Anesthesiology, The University of California, USA. - - 2013
Because decisions as to what range of intraoperative blood pressure (BP) is consistent with cerebral well-being are often made in reference to "baseline BP," we sought to determine whether day-of-surgery BPs accurately reflect baseline BP, as defined by ambulatory clinic BPs over the preceding 7 months. Consecutive patients (n=101) who ...
Siadat Zahra Dana - - 2013
Designing an intervention based on healthcare settings resources and patient acceptability is potentially important in the prevention of high blood pressure(BP) and other risk factors of cardiovascular disease. To explain a multicenter randomized controlled trial that is designed to examine the effects of the multicomponent lifestyle modification program on BP. ...
Watanabe Yoshihiko - - 2013
Timing can greatly affect the response to a stimulus, including antihypertensive medications. Herein, we assess the response of 30 patients to losartan/hydrochlorothiazide (L/H), administered for at least 1 month at a given circadian stage to each patient, this stage being changed during consecutive spans to cover six treatment times from ...
Ma Hanjun - - 2013
When subjected to high pressures at ambient temperatures, the shelf life of fresh meat is increased; however the meat takes on a cooked appearance as the actomyosin denatures at about 200MPa and the myoglobin denatures and/or co-precipitates with other proteins at about 400MPa. In addition, at pressures of 400MPa and ...
Morris Christopher J CJ Medical Chronobiology Program, Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) is highest during the day and lowest at night. Absence of this rhythm is a predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Contributions of changes in posture and physical activity to the 24-hour day/night rhythm in BP are not well understood. We hypothesized that postural changes and physical ...
Redon Josep - - 2013
The accuracy of clinic blood pressure (BP) measurements is limited due to the presence of 24-hour BP variability and white-coat or masked hypertension. In contrast, 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) has evolved into an accurate and reproducible tool for the assessment and management of hypertension. Various out-of-office measurements can be ...
Rhee Moo-Yong - - 2013
The present study evaluated the response of blood pressure (BP) by dietary sodium in sodium resistant (SR) subjects. One hundred one subjects (mean age, 46.0 yr; 31 hypertensives) were admitted and given low sodium-dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet (LSD, 100 mM NaCl/day) for 7 days and high sodium-DASH ...
Yu Feiqiao - - 2013
Multilayer microfluidics based on PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) soft lithography have offered parallelism and integration for biological and chemical sciences, where reduction in reaction volume and consistency of controlled variables across experiments translate into reduced cost, increased quantity and quality of data. One issue with push up or push down microfluidic control ...
Kario Kazuomi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Morning hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and consequently diagnosis and control of morning hypertension are considered very important. We previously reported the results of the Azelnidipine Treatment for Hypertension Open-label Monitoring in the Early morning (At-HOME) Study, which indicated that azelnidipine effectively controlled morning ...
Grezzana Guilherme Brasil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is an important cardiovascular risk factor, blood pressure level control often remains inadequate. Assessment of adherence to antihypertensive treatment through 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) may represent an important aid in the search for BP control targets. OBJECTIVE: To assess adherence to antihypertensive ...
Muxfeldt Elizabeth S - - 2013
Resistant hypertension is defined as an uncontrolled office blood pressure (BP) despite the use of at least three antihypertensive drugs, in adequate doses and combinations, preferentially including one diuretic. It is a clinical diagnosis based on office BP measurements. Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) is the cornerstone in the management of ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2013
To better define the prevalence of white coat hypertension (WCH) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and to estimate the magnitude of white coat effect (WCE), before and after antihypertensive therapy, we gathered data from an open-label forced-titration study of a combination of antihypertensive drugs that was titrated sequentially, ...
Cikara Anita - - 2013
AIM: Arterial hypertension is a serious public health problem because of its frequency and poor management. We compared hypertension control between rural and urban environment over 5 years. Initial hypothesis: arterial pressure control is better in urban (Split) than in rural (Trilj) environment. METHODS: Historic prospective study was conducted in ...
Berge Hilde Moseby - - 2013
BACKGROUND: No data exist on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in athletes. OBJECTIVES: To identify ABP and examine recommended follow-up of high office blood pressure (OBP) in male professional football players and secondary study indicators of sympathetic activity. METHODS: Players with high OBP (cases) from a previous screening of 594 players ...
van Deventer Cindy A - - 2013
The C-824T single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter region of the tyrosine hydroxylase gene has been associated with hypertension. It is well documented that African South Africans exhibit a higher prevalence of hypertension than Caucasians. However, the possible role of this mutation on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (AMBP) has not ...
Lehmann M V - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Twenty-four hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) is superior to office blood pressure (BP) in predicting cardiovascular events. However, its use to optimise BP control in treated hypertensive patients is less well examined. DESIGN AND METHOD: In this observational study conducted in 899 general practitioners' offices, 4078 hypertensive patients with ...
Xia H M - - 2013
In this study, we report a robust agitation method for small-volume liquids. It utilizes an elastic diaphragm as the bottom of a liquid chamber, upon which an initial tension is also applied to enhance the aeroelasticity effects at small/micro scales. As a result, spontaneous vibration of the diaphragm can be ...
Garrison Gregory M - - 2013
PURPOSE Hypertension is the most common diagnosis in ambulatory care, yet little evidence exists regarding recommended screening intervals or the sensitivity and specificity of a routine office-based blood pressure measurement, the most common screening test. Screening for hypertension is usually performed by measuring blood pressure at every outpatient visit, which ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2013
: The aim of this large-scale, practice-based observational study [Survey with HBPM and ABPM Under Real clinical conditions in General practice to Evaluate BP control in the early morning (SURGE)] was to ascertain the degree of morning and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) control in hypertensive patients. : Hypertensive patients ...
Aiello S R - - 2013
In normosmics, olfactory ability has been found to vary with ambient humidity, barometric pressure, and season. While hallucinated sensations of phantom pain associated with changes in weather have been described, a linkage to chemosensory hallucinations has heretofore not been reported. A 64-year-old white male with Parkinson's disease presents with 5 years ...
Fukutomi Motoki - - 2013
BackgroundWe examined whether the level of highsensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of low-grade inflammation, predicted the response of clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) to antihypertensive treatment.MethodsA randomized, open-label, multicenter trial was performed in 88 hypertensive patients (mean age = 63.4 years) allocated to receive losartan 50 mg or ...
Spruill Tanya M TM Center for Healthful Behavior Change, Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, USA. - - 2013
The prehypertension classification was introduced to facilitate prevention efforts among patients at increased risk for hypertension. Although patients who have been told that they have hypertension report worse outcomes than unaware hypertensives, little is known about whether or not prehypertension labeling has negative effects. We evaluated the effects of labeling ...
Chen Ziqian Z Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, College of Pharmacy, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to compare indices of 24-hour blood pressure (BP) following a physician-pharmacist collaborative intervention and to describe the associated changes in antihypertensive medications. This was a secondary analysis of a prospective, cluster-randomized clinical trial conducted in 6 family medicine clinics randomized to co-managed (n=3 clinics, ...
Suokhrie Lucy Neinguii - - 2013
Few studies have been conducted recently with non-critically ill patients evaluating commonly used automated blood pressure (BP) devices. The purpose of this study was to compare BP values obtained using a manual sphygmomanometer versus an oscillometric automated electronic BP device on an acute care psychiatry unit. A method-comparison design was ...
Brown Stephen L - - 2013
Time pressure is often cited as a reason for non-attendance at mammography screening, although evidence from other areas of psychology suggests that time pressure can improve performance when barriers such as time pressure provide a challenge. We predicted that time pressure would negatively predict attendance in women whose self-efficacy for ...
Angeli Fabio - - 2013
Azilsartan medoxomil is a newly approved angiotensin-receptor blocker for the management of hypertension. It is a prodrug that is quickly hydrolyzed to the active moiety azilsartan, a potent and highly selective angiotensin-receptor blocker with estimated bioavailability of ∼ 60%. This new agent induces a potent and long-lasting antihypertensive effect. The ...
Modesti Pietro Amedeo - - 2013
Seasonal blood pressure (BP) changes have been found to be related to either outdoor or indoor temperature. No information regarding the independent effects of temperature measured proximally to the patient, the personal-level environmental temperature (PET), is available. Inclusion of daylight hours in multivariate analysis might allow exploring the independent interaction ...
Jansen Pieter M PM Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The - - 2013
Add-on therapy with aldosterone receptor antagonists has been reported to lower blood pressure (BP) in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. We assessed potential predictors of this response. In essential hypertensive patients with uncontrolled BP, despite the use of at least two antihypertensives, plasma renin and aldosterone concentrations and the transtubular potassium ...
Rifkin Dena E DE Division of Nephrology, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA. - - 2013
Older adults with chronic kidney disease have a high rate of uncontrolled hypertension. Home monitoring of blood pressure (BP) is an integral part of management, but requires that patients bring records to clinic visits. Telemonitoring interventions, however, have not targeted older, less technologically-skilled populations. Veterans with stage 3 or greater ...
Forestiero Daniel D Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, São Paulo, SP, Brasil. - - 2013
New recommendations on reference values for normal test results in ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) were proposed by the V Brazilian Guidelines on Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring, based mainly on the IDACO study. This epidemiological study is aimed at evaluating the impact of adopting these new standards in an arterial ...
Bravo Emmanuel - - 2013
Blood pressure that remains above target levels despite drug therapy is an increasingly common problem. The evaluation of resistant hypertension includes confirming blood pressure measurements with an automated device that works without the clinician present and with 24-hour ambulatory monitoring; assessing for target-organ damage; and determining if kidney disease is ...
Martin Una U College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. - - 2013
Inter-arm difference in blood pressure of >10 mmHg is associated with peripheral vascular disease, but it is unclear how much of the difference in sequential right and left arm blood pressure measurements might be due to a 'white-coat' effect. To use ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) to better understand the ...
Briefi S - - 2013
In order to allow for a systematic investigation of the plasma properties of discharges containing indium halides, which are proposed as an efficient alternative for mercury based low pressure discharge lamps, a controlled variation of the indium halide density is mandatory. This can be achieved by applying a newly designed ...
Wang Y Claire YC Department of Health Policy and Management, Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, Stony Brook University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Clinic-based blood pressure (CBP) has been the default approach for the diagnosis of hypertension, but patients may be misclassified because of masked hypertension (false negative) or 'white coat' hypertension (false positive). The incorporation of other diagnostic modalities, such as home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), ...
Hodgkinson James A JA Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK. - - 2013
Recent research and guidelines recommend the routine use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring for the diagnosis of hypertension, so accuracy of such monitors is more important than ever. : To systematically review the literature regarding the accuracy of ambulatory monitors currently in use. Medline, Embase, Cinahl, the Cochrane database, Medion ...
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