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Results 201 - 250 of 2479
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Landsbergis Paul A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Masked hypertension, i.e., normal clinic blood pressure but elevated blood pressure during normal daily activities as measured by ambulatory monitoring, is a common problem and a serious cardiovascular risk factor. Given previously reported associations between work stressors and ambulatory blood pressure, an inquiry into the relationship between work stressors ...
Ras Rouyanne T - - 2013
Dietary polyphenols, such as those from grape products, may exert beneficial effects on cardiovascular health, including anti-hypertensive effects. We investigated the effect of a specific grape seed extract (GSE) rich in low-molecular-weight polyphenolic compounds on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in untreated subjects with pre- and stage I hypertension. In addition, ...
Grassi Guido - - 2013
Since their introduction in the clinical setting home and ambulatory blood pressure measurements have gained growing popularity in the diagnosis and treatment of essential hypertension for a number of reasons. These reasons include: 1) the lack of the so-called "white-coat effect", 2) the ability of the two approaches to provide ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Although fixed-dose combination drug therapy is commonly used to treat hypertension, the efficacy of head-to-head comparisons of dual fixed-dose combinations has not been well described. We hypothesized that when used in combination with an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) olmesartan medoxomil, hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) will be as effective as the dihydropyridine ...
Xu Tan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is regarded as the gold standard for monitoring nocturnal blood pressure (NBP) and is usually performed out of office. Currently, a novel method for monitoring NBP is indispensible in the inpatient setting. The widely used manual BP monitoring procedure has the potential to monitor NBP ...
Gorostidi Manuel M Department of Nephrology, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Spain. - - 2013
Previous studies have examined control rates of office blood pressure (BP) in chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, recent evidence suggests major discrepancies between office and 24-hour BP values in hypertensive populations. This study examined concordance/discordance between office- and ambulatory-based BP control in a large cohort of patients with CKD. Cross-sectional. ...
Nagy Viktor L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Most hypertensive patients need more than one agent to achieve blood pressure (BP) control. The fixed dose combinations can provide effective 24-h BP control, which is essential in hypertension management. AIMS: The primary objectives of the PErindopril/Amlodipine Reduction of blood pressure Level (PEARL) ABPM substudy were to assess the ...
Júnior V C - - 2013
Part of the efficacy of statins in the prevention of cardiovascular events can be attributed to their blood pressure-lowering effect, but clinical trials primarily designed to investigate this effect are scarce. In a double-blind parallel placebo-controlled clinical trial with ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring, 79 hypertensive patients were randomly assigned ...
Karunaratne Kushan - - 2013
BackgroundThe implementation of national estimated glomerular filatration rate reporting and the inclusion of renal-specific indicators in a primary care pay for performance (P4P) system since April 2006 has promoted identification and better management of risk factors related to chronic kidney disease (CKD). In the UK, the P4P framework is known ...
Cundiff Jenny M - - 2013
Epidemiological research suggests that different indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) such as income and education may have independent and/or interactive effects on health outcomes. In this study, we examined both simple and more complex associations (i.e., interactions) between different indicators of SES and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) during daily life. ...
Schmieder R E - - 2013
It is well known that 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) provides a more accurate picture of a patient's blood pressure (BP) compared with clinic BP measurement. Twenty-four-hour ABPM better predicts hypertension-related risks such as end-organ damage including left ventricular hypertrophy, cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality. Threshold BP values for ...
Bailey Christopher J - - 2013
By analysis of timed series of blood pressure(BP) measurements from a single individual, it was shown that data-averaging did not usually give a true value of resting systolic or diastolic pressure. Such measurements fitted a pattern of first order decay from an initial pressure towards a resting systolic or diastolic ...
Van Berge-Landry Helene - - 2013
Studies show that diurnal blood pressure (BP) sensitivity to epinephrine (EPI) in African-American women is significantly greater than that of European-American (EA) women. Few if any studies have examined diurnal catecholamine-BP relationships in women of other ethnic groups. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of diurnal ...
Liu Chuang - - 2013
Studies examining the association between road traffic noise and blood pressure in children are scarce. Nighttime noise levels and window orientations have not been considered in most previous studies. Investigate the association between road traffic noise exposure and blood pressure among children, and investigate the impact of bedroom window direction ...
Oladipo Idris - - 2013
The optimal number of consecutive measurements for obtaining an average blood pressure (BP) reading in clinical practice is yet undefined by research. This study aimed to compare readings obtained from an average of 5 with averages of 2, 3, and 4, sequential measurements. Using an automated oscillometric device (BpTRU), BP ...
Givi Mahshid - - 2013
Pre-hypertension is considered as a cardiovascular disease predicator. Management of pre-hypertension is an appropriate objective for clinicians in a wide range of medical centers. Treatment of pre-hypertension is primarily non-pharmacological, one of which is massage therapy that is used to control the BP. This study aimed to evaluate the survival ...
Zorębski Edward - - 2013
The so-called Beyer nonlinearity parameter B/A is calculated for 1,2- and 1,3-propanediol, 1,2-, 1,3-, and 1,4-butanediol, as well as 2-methyl-2,4-pentanediol by means of a thermodynamic method. The calculations are made for temperatures from (293.15 to 318.15)K and pressures up to 100MPa. The decrease in B/A values with the increasing pressure ...
James Gary D - - 2013
Allostasis is defined as achieving stability through change and was originally coined as a term to describe the adaptive variability of blood pressure. While there have been a growing number of studies using ambulatory blood pressure monitors that have examined the sources of blood pressure variation in everyday life, these ...
Kario Kazuomi K Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2013
The authors examined the effect of cilnidipine, a unique L/N-type calcium channel blocker, on abnormal nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipping in Japanese hypertensive patients in the real world. The Ambulatory Blood Pressure Control and Home Blood Pressure (Morning and Evening) Lowering by N-Channel Blocker Cilnidipine (ACHIEVE-ONE), a large-scale clinical study, ...
Zullig Leah L - - 2013
Hypertension is a common chronic disease affecting nearly one-third of the United States population. Many interventions have been designed to help patients manage their hypertension. With the evolving climate of healthcare, rapidly developing technology, and emphasis on delivering patient-centered care, home-based blood pressure telemonitoring is a promising tool to help ...
Liu Zhendong - - 2013
The authors investigated effects of excessive salt intake and potassium supplementation on ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in salt-sensitive and non-salt-sensitive individuals. AASI and symmetric AASI (s-AASI) were used as indicators of arterial stiffness. Plasma ET-1 levels were used as an index of endothelial function. Chronic salt-loading ...
Mani Ankur - - 2013
Cooperation in a large society of self-interested individuals is notoriously difficult to achieve when the externality of one individual's action is spread thin and wide on the whole society. This leads to the 'tragedy of the commons' in which rational action will ultimately make everyone worse-off. Traditional policies to promote ...
James Gary D - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Elevated blood pressure (BP), elevated serum cholesterol, and aberrant lipoprotein fractions (low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and high levels of low-density lipoprotein fractions and triglycerides) have all been used as measures that assess the "metabolic syndrome" and more recently in indexes of allostatic load, which are designed to ...
de la Sierra Alejandro - - 2013
Resistant hypertension (HT) is a condition that confers a high cardiovascular risk to the patient due to both persistent blood pressure elevation and the high prevalence of comorbidities and organ damage. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has become an important tool in the diagnosis and follow-up of the hypertensive patient, ...
Imai Yutaka - - 2013
Data regarding ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) or self-BP measurements at home (HBP) have been accumulated. The difference between ABP and HBP is that ABP monitoring (ABPM) provides BP information at many time points on a particular day during unrestricted routine daily activities, whereas HBP provides extensive amounts of BP information ...
Flynn Colleen - - 2013
The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes are both rising in the USA and around the globe. The treatment of hypertension in the ambulatory setting begins with proper blood pressure measurement, and often the involvement of home blood pressure monitoring. If the diagnosis of hypertension is confirmed, then education on lifestyle ...
Maeda Shinji - - 2013
Guidelines for the management of hypertension recommend that blood pressure (BP) should be measured twice at every visit; it should be measured in both arms at the first visit, and the right arm BP or higher BP should be recorded. Manufacturers of home BP monitors tend to design the device ...
Giorgini Paolo - - 2013
An increased rate of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events has been described during and immediately after earthquakes. In this regard, few data are available on long-term blood pressure control in hypertensive outpatients after an earthquake. We evaluated the long-term effects of the April 2009 L'Aquila earthquake on blood pressure levels, as ...
Ziv A - - 2013
Complementary medicine advocates the use of a multifactorial approach to address the varied aspects of hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare the blood pressure (BP) effect and medication use of a novel Comprehensive Approach to Lowering Measured Blood Pressure (CALM-BP), based on complementary medicine principles, with the ...
Chaudhuri Abanti - - 2013
Pediatric hypertension (HTN) is a growing concern and should be diagnosed and treated aggressively to reduce the global disease burden. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is a useful clinical tool providing a more accurate description of the patient's blood pressure (BP) than office BP measurements, and can be considered the ...
Lurbe Empar - - 2013
Over the last years, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has been introduced into the pediatric population, contributing to a significant increase in the bulk of knowledge of crucial clinically relevant issues. Guidelines have established the currently known conditions where ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is useful and where it will provide additional ...
Grassi Guido - - 2013
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has gained growing popularity in the diagnosis and treatment of essential hypertension for several reasons, such as the lack of the so-called white-coat effect, the greater reproducibility as compared with clinic blood pressure, the ability to provide information on blood pressure phenomena of prognostic value and ...
Qin L-Q - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lactotripeptides (LTPs, including IPP and VPP) have held promise in the framework of lifestyle modification for prevention and control of hypertension - a cardiovascular risk factor, as LTPs are reported to have an inhibitory effect on angiotensin-converting enzyme. While the number of clinical trials to test the efficacy ...
Burford Tanisha I - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Elevated nighttime blood pressure (BP) predicts hypertension and its complications in adulthood. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the independent effects of race and family income on night/day BP among adolescents and to examine whether negative emotions, low positive resources, and unpleasant interactions during the day are also related. ...
Hodgson Jonathan M - - 2013
Measures of blood pressure variation have been associated with cardiovascular disease and related outcomes. The regular consumption of black tea can lower blood pressure, but its effects on blood pressure variation have yet to be investigated. We aimed to assess the effects of black tea consumption on the rate of ...
Fung Colman Siu-Cheung - - 2013
This study aimed to assess whether a structured home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) education program can improve blood pressure control in patients. A cluster randomised controlled trial in which half of 240 patients in the intervention group received an education program focused on using HBPM machines at home, while the ...
O'Shaughnessy Michelle M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The optimal approach to monitoring blood pressure (BP) in the peritoneal dialysis (PD) population is unclear. Ambulatory BP monitoring reliably predicts prognosis, but can be inconvenient. The accuracy of home BP monitoring in this population is unproven. The automated BpTRU device (BpTRU Medical Devices, Coquitlam, BC, Canada), which provides ...
Siadat Zahra Dana - - 2013
Designing an intervention based on healthcare settings resources and patient acceptability is potentially important in the prevention of high blood pressure(BP) and other risk factors of cardiovascular disease. To explain a multicenter randomized controlled trial that is designed to examine the effects of the multicomponent lifestyle modification program on BP. ...
Drummond John C JC Department of Anesthesiology, The University of California, USA. - - 2013
Because decisions as to what range of intraoperative blood pressure (BP) is consistent with cerebral well-being are often made in reference to "baseline BP," we sought to determine whether day-of-surgery BPs accurately reflect baseline BP, as defined by ambulatory clinic BPs over the preceding 7 months. Consecutive patients (n=101) who ...
Watanabe Yoshihiko - - 2013
Timing can greatly affect the response to a stimulus, including antihypertensive medications. Herein, we assess the response of 30 patients to losartan/hydrochlorothiazide (L/H), administered for at least 1 month at a given circadian stage to each patient, this stage being changed during consecutive spans to cover six treatment times from ...
Ma Hanjun - - 2013
When subjected to high pressures at ambient temperatures, the shelf life of fresh meat is increased; however the meat takes on a cooked appearance as the actomyosin denatures at about 200MPa and the myoglobin denatures and/or co-precipitates with other proteins at about 400MPa. In addition, at pressures of 400MPa and ...
Redon Josep - - 2013
The accuracy of clinic blood pressure (BP) measurements is limited due to the presence of 24-hour BP variability and white-coat or masked hypertension. In contrast, 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) has evolved into an accurate and reproducible tool for the assessment and management of hypertension. Various out-of-office measurements can be ...
Rhee Moo-Yong - - 2013
The present study evaluated the response of blood pressure (BP) by dietary sodium in sodium resistant (SR) subjects. One hundred one subjects (mean age, 46.0 yr; 31 hypertensives) were admitted and given low sodium-dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet (LSD, 100 mM NaCl/day) for 7 days and high sodium-DASH ...
Morris Christopher J CJ Medical Chronobiology Program, Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) is highest during the day and lowest at night. Absence of this rhythm is a predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Contributions of changes in posture and physical activity to the 24-hour day/night rhythm in BP are not well understood. We hypothesized that postural changes and physical ...
Yu Feiqiao - - 2013
Multilayer microfluidics based on PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) soft lithography have offered parallelism and integration for biological and chemical sciences, where reduction in reaction volume and consistency of controlled variables across experiments translate into reduced cost, increased quantity and quality of data. One issue with push up or push down microfluidic control ...
Kario Kazuomi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Morning hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and consequently diagnosis and control of morning hypertension are considered very important. We previously reported the results of the Azelnidipine Treatment for Hypertension Open-label Monitoring in the Early morning (At-HOME) Study, which indicated that azelnidipine effectively controlled morning ...
Grezzana Guilherme Brasil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is an important cardiovascular risk factor, blood pressure level control often remains inadequate. Assessment of adherence to antihypertensive treatment through 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) may represent an important aid in the search for BP control targets. OBJECTIVE: To assess adherence to antihypertensive ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2013
To better define the prevalence of white coat hypertension (WCH) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and to estimate the magnitude of white coat effect (WCE), before and after antihypertensive therapy, we gathered data from an open-label forced-titration study of a combination of antihypertensive drugs that was titrated sequentially, ...
Muxfeldt Elizabeth S - - 2013
Resistant hypertension is defined as an uncontrolled office blood pressure (BP) despite the use of at least three antihypertensive drugs, in adequate doses and combinations, preferentially including one diuretic. It is a clinical diagnosis based on office BP measurements. Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) is the cornerstone in the management of ...
Cikara Anita - - 2013
AIM: Arterial hypertension is a serious public health problem because of its frequency and poor management. We compared hypertension control between rural and urban environment over 5 years. Initial hypothesis: arterial pressure control is better in urban (Split) than in rural (Trilj) environment. METHODS: Historic prospective study was conducted in ...
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