Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2509
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Zawadzki Matthew J - - 2013
A range of nonpharmacological interventions (e.g., meditation) have positive effects on blood pressure (BP) but tend to have poor adherence. These interventions may lower BP partly by absorbing and directing attention away from one's negative thoughts. We hypothesized that recurring self-selected activities (SSAs) that are attentionally absorbing may similarly lower ...
Hinderliter Alan L AL University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC. Electronic address: - - 2013
Previous studies of the reproducibility of blood pressure (BP) dipping have yielded inconsistent results. Few have examined factors that may influence day-to-day differences in dipping. Ambulatory BP monitoring was performed on three occasions, approximately 1 week apart, in 115 untreated adult subjects with elevated clinic BPs. The mean ± standard deviation BP ...
Vargas-Sánchez Angel - - 2013
To obtain a blood pressure reading is mandatory during either the general or specialized physical examination. This study describes factors associated with the accomplishment of blood pressure measurement in the first neurological consultation. We studied first ambulatory neurology consultations in a Mexican referral hospital. Demographic characteristics, diagnostic category of referral, ...
Singh Amita - - 2013
With the advent of noninvasive 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), clinicians have access to a wealth of individualized data for the hypertensive patient. This has led to a greater understanding of the pathophysiology of hypertension and its complications. This tool has provided more precise diagnostic criteria for hypertension and ...
Fadl Elmula Fadl Elmula Mohamed - - 2013
It is unknown whether the decline in blood pressure (BP) after renal denervation (RDN) is caused by denervation itself or concomitantly improved drug adherence. We aimed to investigate the BP lowering effect of RDN in true treatment-resistant hypertension by excluding patients with poor drug adherence. Patients with resistant hypertension (n=18) ...
Wild Sarah - - 2013
Diabetes prevalence is increasing and current methods of management are unsustainable. Effective approaches to supporting self-management are required. The aim of this randomized controlled trial is to establish whether supported telemetric monitoring of glycemic control and blood pressure results in reductions in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c; the primary outcome of a ...
Imai Yutaka - - 2013
Home blood pressure (BP) is highly reproducible and its reproducibility is better than ambulatory BP. Because of this feature, home BP has a greater prognostic value at least than clinic BP and is extremely effective for the evaluation of drug effects and their duration. The introduction of home BP for ...
Dong Jia-Yi - - 2013
Previous studies have suggested that probiotic fermented milk may possess blood pressure (BP)-lowering properties. In the present study, we aimed to systematically examine the effect of probiotic fermented milk on BP by conducting a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PubMed, Cochrane library and the ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched up to ...
Myers Martin G - - 2013
Conventional manual measurement of blood pressure (BP) in clinical practice is no longer considered to be the best method for evaluating a patient's BP status. Home BP and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring are now recommended for the diagnosis and management of hypertension. Recent studies provide an alternative to conventional office ...
Sola J - - 2013
The clinical demand for technologies to monitor Blood Pressure (BP) in ambulatory scenarios with minimal use of inflation cuffs is strong: new generation of BP monitors are expected to be not only accurate, but also non-occlusive. In this paper we review recent advances on the use of the so-called Pulse ...
Puke Sawa - - 2013
Recently, monitoring of blood pressure fluctuation in the daily life is focused on in the hypertension care area to predict the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease events. In this paper, in order to propose an alternative system to the existed ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) sphygmomanometer, we have developed ...
He Yabing - - 2013
A porous lanthanide-organic framework of a topology has been synthesized from a hexacarboxylate and structurally characterized, exhibiting significant potential for use in CO2-CH4-H2 separation (H2 purification) processes with high productivities and low regeneration costs when operating at high pressure and room temperature.
Mahfoud Felix F Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Kardiologie, Angiologie und Internistische Intensivmedizin, Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Kirrberger Str, Geb 40, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany. - - 2013
Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) reduces office blood pressure (BP) in patients with resistant hypertension according to office BP. Less is known about the effect of RDN on 24-hour BP measured by ambulatory BP monitoring and correlates of response in individuals with true or pseudoresistant hypertension. A total of 346 ...
Sheng Yu-cheng YC Center for Drug Clinical Research, Shanghai University of Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, - - 2013
The conventional method for analyzing 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24-h ABPM) is insufficient to deal with the large amount of data collected. The aim of this study was to develop a novel cyclic fluctuation model for 24-h ABPM in Chinese patients with mild to moderate hypertension. The data were ...
Imai Yutaka - - 2013
1. Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring (M) provides BP information at many points on any particular day during unrestricted routine daily activities, whereas home blood pressure (HBP) monitoring provides a lot of BP information obtained under fixed times and conditions over a long period of time, thus mean values of ...
Filius A - - 2013
Health-care costs associated with pressure sores are significant and their financial burden is likely to increase even further. The aim of this study was to analyse the direct medical costs of hospital care for surgical treatment of pressure sores stage III and IV. We performed a retrospective chart study of ...
Wolak Talya - - 2013
The aim of this investigation was to find a time segment in which average blood pressure (BP) has the best correlation with 24-hour BP control. A total of 240 patients with full ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) were included; 120 had controlled BP (systolic BP [SBP] ≤135 mm Hg and diastolic BP ...
Masugata Hisashi - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the clinical significance of differences between home- and clinic-measured systolic blood pressure (SBP) in patients with treated hypertension, and to assess the correlations between SBPs and arterial stiffness. METHODS: Patients with treated hypertension measured their blood pressure (BP) themselves once, at home, in the morning (<1 h after ...
Ruilope Luis M - - 2013
Hypertension is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Lowering blood pressure (BP) reduces cardiovascular risk; yet despite the availability of numerous antihypertensives, the proportion of patients achieving BP control remains low. Treatment guidelines are based on evidence from clinical trials, however this evidence may not be representative of real-world ...
Gavish Benjamin - - 2013
The slope of the linear relationship between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) determined from 24-h ambulatory measurements incorporates clinical and prognostic information and is believed to reflect arterial properties. We evaluated the feasibility of determining a similar relationship using the gravity-induced brachial blood pressure (BP) variation ...
Engberg Aase Worsaa - - 2013
In Danish health care, secondary prevention after stroke is currently handled mainly by general practitioners using office blood pressure (OBP) assessment of hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare the OBP approach to 24-hour assessment by ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring. Furthermore, we aimed to record the degree ...
Knights Antony M - - 2013
The marine environment is heavily exploited, but unintentional consequences cause wide-ranging negative effects to its characteristics. Linkage frameworks (e.g., DPSIR [driver-pressure-state-impact-response]) are commonly used to describe an interaction between human activities and ecological characteristics of the ecosystem, but as each linkage is viewed independently, the diversity of pressures that affect ...
O'Callaghan Christopher James - - 2013
Although management of hypertension is a daily activity of primary care practitioners, it remains one of the most demanding areas of medicine. Reasons for this include the imprecision of blood pressure measurement, the complexity of assessing cardiovascular risk, and the need to use multiple agents to control blood pressure. This ...
Gregoski Mathew J MJ College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina, 99 Jonathan Lucas Street, MSC 160, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2013
Everyday discrimination scale scores are associated with increased ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and reduced nocturnal dipping, and the endothelin-1 (ET-1)/Lys198Asn polymorphism is associated with increased resting BP and exaggerated BP reactivity among African Americans compared to European Americans. Combined influences of these factors on BP control are unknown. This study ...
Delgado Francisco José - - 2013
The effect of high-pressure treatment (400 or 600 MPa for 7 min) on microbiology, proteolysis, texture and sensory parameters was investigated in a mature raw goat milk cheese. At day 60 of analysis, Mesophilic aerobic, Enterobacteriaceae, lactic acid bacteria and Listeria spp. were inactivated after high-pressure treatment at 400 or 600 MPa. At ...
Sørensen Anne - - 2013
Pressure not only influences the yield in the synthesis of a two-station [2]rotaxane, it also determines the distribution of the co-conformational isomers. At high pressure cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) is preferentially assembled around a monopyrrolotetrathiafulvalene unit, while at low pressure it is preferentially assembled around a hydroquinone unit.
Nikolic S B - - 2013
Office blood pressure (BP) is recommended to be measured after 5 min of seated rest, but it may decrease for 10 min of seated rest. This study aimed to determine the change (and its clinical relevance) in brachial and central BP from 5 to 10 min of seated rest. Office brachial and central ...
Clancy Michael J MJ British Healthcare Trades Association, London E11LU, United Kingdom. - - 2013
This article discusses the development and usage of pressure redistribution devices (PRDs) and their impact on the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers within the NHS. The article outlines the history of the development of these devices and discusses the reasons for a lack of substantial evidence in support of ...
Vanifatova Nataliya - - 2013
A new approach based on the effect of pressure in capillary zone electrophoresis is suggested for acceleration of particle migration in electrophoretic runs resulting in reduction of the analysis time. It provides conditions for studying fast processes in suspensions. The effect of pressure on the migration of silica spheres with ...
Segura Julian - - 2013
1. Hypertension is one of the most important challenges for public health systems because of its high prevalence and its association with the risk of cardiovascular and renal diseases. 2. Adequate control of hypertension is low in population and medical settings, with physicians frequently misclassifying patients' blood pressure status based ...
Landsbergis Paul A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Masked hypertension, i.e., normal clinic blood pressure but elevated blood pressure during normal daily activities as measured by ambulatory monitoring, is a common problem and a serious cardiovascular risk factor. Given previously reported associations between work stressors and ambulatory blood pressure, an inquiry into the relationship between work stressors ...
Ras Rouyanne T - - 2013
Dietary polyphenols, such as those from grape products, may exert beneficial effects on cardiovascular health, including anti-hypertensive effects. We investigated the effect of a specific grape seed extract (GSE) rich in low-molecular-weight polyphenolic compounds on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in untreated subjects with pre- and stage I hypertension. In addition, ...
Grassi Guido - - 2013
Since their introduction in the clinical setting home and ambulatory blood pressure measurements have gained growing popularity in the diagnosis and treatment of essential hypertension for a number of reasons. These reasons include: 1) the lack of the so-called "white-coat effect", 2) the ability of the two approaches to provide ...
Xu Tan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is regarded as the gold standard for monitoring nocturnal blood pressure (NBP) and is usually performed out of office. Currently, a novel method for monitoring NBP is indispensible in the inpatient setting. The widely used manual BP monitoring procedure has the potential to monitor NBP ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Although fixed-dose combination drug therapy is commonly used to treat hypertension, the efficacy of head-to-head comparisons of dual fixed-dose combinations has not been well described. We hypothesized that when used in combination with an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) olmesartan medoxomil, hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) will be as effective as the dihydropyridine ...
Gorostidi Manuel M Department of Nephrology, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Spain. - - 2013
Previous studies have examined control rates of office blood pressure (BP) in chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, recent evidence suggests major discrepancies between office and 24-hour BP values in hypertensive populations. This study examined concordance/discordance between office- and ambulatory-based BP control in a large cohort of patients with CKD. Cross-sectional. ...
Nagy Viktor L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Most hypertensive patients need more than one agent to achieve blood pressure (BP) control. The fixed dose combinations can provide effective 24-h BP control, which is essential in hypertension management. AIMS: The primary objectives of the PErindopril/Amlodipine Reduction of blood pressure Level (PEARL) ABPM substudy were to assess the ...
Júnior V C - - 2013
Part of the efficacy of statins in the prevention of cardiovascular events can be attributed to their blood pressure-lowering effect, but clinical trials primarily designed to investigate this effect are scarce. In a double-blind parallel placebo-controlled clinical trial with ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring, 79 hypertensive patients were randomly assigned ...
Karunaratne Kushan - - 2013
BackgroundThe implementation of national estimated glomerular filatration rate reporting and the inclusion of renal-specific indicators in a primary care pay for performance (P4P) system since April 2006 has promoted identification and better management of risk factors related to chronic kidney disease (CKD). In the UK, the P4P framework is known ...
Cundiff Jenny M - - 2013
Epidemiological research suggests that different indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) such as income and education may have independent and/or interactive effects on health outcomes. In this study, we examined both simple and more complex associations (i.e., interactions) between different indicators of SES and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) during daily life. ...
Bailey Christopher J - - 2013
By analysis of timed series of blood pressure(BP) measurements from a single individual, it was shown that data-averaging did not usually give a true value of resting systolic or diastolic pressure. Such measurements fitted a pattern of first order decay from an initial pressure towards a resting systolic or diastolic ...
Schmieder R E - - 2013
It is well known that 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) provides a more accurate picture of a patient's blood pressure (BP) compared with clinic BP measurement. Twenty-four-hour ABPM better predicts hypertension-related risks such as end-organ damage including left ventricular hypertrophy, cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality. Threshold BP values for ...
Van Berge-Landry Helene - - 2013
Studies show that diurnal blood pressure (BP) sensitivity to epinephrine (EPI) in African-American women is significantly greater than that of European-American (EA) women. Few if any studies have examined diurnal catecholamine-BP relationships in women of other ethnic groups. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of diurnal ...
Liu Chuang - - 2013
Studies examining the association between road traffic noise and blood pressure in children are scarce. Nighttime noise levels and window orientations have not been considered in most previous studies. Investigate the association between road traffic noise exposure and blood pressure among children, and investigate the impact of bedroom window direction ...
Oladipo Idris - - 2013
The optimal number of consecutive measurements for obtaining an average blood pressure (BP) reading in clinical practice is yet undefined by research. This study aimed to compare readings obtained from an average of 5 with averages of 2, 3, and 4, sequential measurements. Using an automated oscillometric device (BpTRU), BP ...
Givi Mahshid - - 2013
Pre-hypertension is considered as a cardiovascular disease predicator. Management of pre-hypertension is an appropriate objective for clinicians in a wide range of medical centers. Treatment of pre-hypertension is primarily non-pharmacological, one of which is massage therapy that is used to control the BP. This study aimed to evaluate the survival ...
Zorębski Edward - - 2013
The so-called Beyer nonlinearity parameter B/A is calculated for 1,2- and 1,3-propanediol, 1,2-, 1,3-, and 1,4-butanediol, as well as 2-methyl-2,4-pentanediol by means of a thermodynamic method. The calculations are made for temperatures from (293.15 to 318.15)K and pressures up to 100MPa. The decrease in B/A values with the increasing pressure ...
James Gary D - - 2013
Allostasis is defined as achieving stability through change and was originally coined as a term to describe the adaptive variability of blood pressure. While there have been a growing number of studies using ambulatory blood pressure monitors that have examined the sources of blood pressure variation in everyday life, these ...
Kario Kazuomi K Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2013
The authors examined the effect of cilnidipine, a unique L/N-type calcium channel blocker, on abnormal nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipping in Japanese hypertensive patients in the real world. The Ambulatory Blood Pressure Control and Home Blood Pressure (Morning and Evening) Lowering by N-Channel Blocker Cilnidipine (ACHIEVE-ONE), a large-scale clinical study, ...
Liu Zhendong - - 2013
The authors investigated effects of excessive salt intake and potassium supplementation on ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in salt-sensitive and non-salt-sensitive individuals. AASI and symmetric AASI (s-AASI) were used as indicators of arterial stiffness. Plasma ET-1 levels were used as an index of endothelial function. Chronic salt-loading ...
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