Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2432
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Kario Kazuomi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Morning hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and consequently diagnosis and control of morning hypertension are considered very important. We previously reported the results of the Azelnidipine Treatment for Hypertension Open-label Monitoring in the Early morning (At-HOME) Study, which indicated that azelnidipine effectively controlled morning ...
Grezzana Guilherme Brasil - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) is an important cardiovascular risk factor, blood pressure level control often remains inadequate. Assessment of adherence to antihypertensive treatment through 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) may represent an important aid in the search for BP control targets. OBJECTIVE: To assess adherence to antihypertensive ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2013
To better define the prevalence of white coat hypertension (WCH) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and to estimate the magnitude of white coat effect (WCE), before and after antihypertensive therapy, we gathered data from an open-label forced-titration study of a combination of antihypertensive drugs that was titrated sequentially, ...
Muxfeldt Elizabeth S - - 2013
Resistant hypertension is defined as an uncontrolled office blood pressure (BP) despite the use of at least three antihypertensive drugs, in adequate doses and combinations, preferentially including one diuretic. It is a clinical diagnosis based on office BP measurements. Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) is the cornerstone in the management of ...
Cikara Anita - - 2013
AIM: Arterial hypertension is a serious public health problem because of its frequency and poor management. We compared hypertension control between rural and urban environment over 5 years. Initial hypothesis: arterial pressure control is better in urban (Split) than in rural (Trilj) environment. METHODS: Historic prospective study was conducted in ...
Berge Hilde Moseby - - 2013
BACKGROUND: No data exist on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in athletes. OBJECTIVES: To identify ABP and examine recommended follow-up of high office blood pressure (OBP) in male professional football players and secondary study indicators of sympathetic activity. METHODS: Players with high OBP (cases) from a previous screening of 594 players ...
van Deventer Cindy A - - 2013
The C-824T single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter region of the tyrosine hydroxylase gene has been associated with hypertension. It is well documented that African South Africans exhibit a higher prevalence of hypertension than Caucasians. However, the possible role of this mutation on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (AMBP) has not ...
Lehmann M V - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Twenty-four hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) is superior to office blood pressure (BP) in predicting cardiovascular events. However, its use to optimise BP control in treated hypertensive patients is less well examined. DESIGN AND METHOD: In this observational study conducted in 899 general practitioners' offices, 4078 hypertensive patients with ...
Xia H M - - 2013
In this study, we report a robust agitation method for small-volume liquids. It utilizes an elastic diaphragm as the bottom of a liquid chamber, upon which an initial tension is also applied to enhance the aeroelasticity effects at small/micro scales. As a result, spontaneous vibration of the diaphragm can be ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2013
: The aim of this large-scale, practice-based observational study [Survey with HBPM and ABPM Under Real clinical conditions in General practice to Evaluate BP control in the early morning (SURGE)] was to ascertain the degree of morning and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) control in hypertensive patients. : Hypertensive patients ...
Aiello S R - - 2013
In normosmics, olfactory ability has been found to vary with ambient humidity, barometric pressure, and season. While hallucinated sensations of phantom pain associated with changes in weather have been described, a linkage to chemosensory hallucinations has heretofore not been reported. A 64-year-old white male with Parkinson's disease presents with 5 years ...
Garrison Gregory M - - 2013
PURPOSE Hypertension is the most common diagnosis in ambulatory care, yet little evidence exists regarding recommended screening intervals or the sensitivity and specificity of a routine office-based blood pressure measurement, the most common screening test. Screening for hypertension is usually performed by measuring blood pressure at every outpatient visit, which ...
Fukutomi Motoki - - 2013
BackgroundWe examined whether the level of highsensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of low-grade inflammation, predicted the response of clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) to antihypertensive treatment.MethodsA randomized, open-label, multicenter trial was performed in 88 hypertensive patients (mean age = 63.4 years) allocated to receive losartan 50 mg or ...
Gregoski Mathew J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Everyday discrimination scale scores are associated with increased ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and reduced nocturnal dipping, and the endothelin-1 (ET-1)/Lys198Asn polymorphism is associated with increased resting BP and exaggerated BP reactivity among African Americans compared to European Americans. Combined influences of these factors on BP control are unknown. PURPOSE: ...
Spruill Tanya M TM Center for Healthful Behavior Change, Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, USA. - - 2013
The prehypertension classification was introduced to facilitate prevention efforts among patients at increased risk for hypertension. Although patients who have been told that they have hypertension report worse outcomes than unaware hypertensives, little is known about whether or not prehypertension labeling has negative effects. We evaluated the effects of labeling ...
Chen Ziqian - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to compare indices of 24-hour blood pressure (BP) following a physician-pharmacist collaborative intervention and to describe the associated changes in antihypertensive medications. This was a secondary analysis of a prospective, cluster-randomized clinical trial conducted in 6 family medicine clinics randomized to co-managed (n=3 clinics, ...
Brown Stephen L - - 2013
Time pressure is often cited as a reason for non-attendance at mammography screening, although evidence from other areas of psychology suggests that time pressure can improve performance when barriers such as time pressure provide a challenge. We predicted that time pressure would negatively predict attendance in women whose self-efficacy for ...
Suokhrie Lucy Neinguii - - 2013
Few studies have been conducted recently with non-critically ill patients evaluating commonly used automated blood pressure (BP) devices. The purpose of this study was to compare BP values obtained using a manual sphygmomanometer versus an oscillometric automated electronic BP device on an acute care psychiatry unit. A method-comparison design was ...
Angeli Fabio - - 2013
Azilsartan medoxomil is a newly approved angiotensin-receptor blocker for the management of hypertension. It is a prodrug that is quickly hydrolyzed to the active moiety azilsartan, a potent and highly selective angiotensin-receptor blocker with estimated bioavailability of ∼ 60%. This new agent induces a potent and long-lasting antihypertensive effect. The ...
Modesti Pietro Amedeo - - 2013
Seasonal blood pressure (BP) changes have been found to be related to either outdoor or indoor temperature. No information regarding the independent effects of temperature measured proximally to the patient, the personal-level environmental temperature (PET), is available. Inclusion of daylight hours in multivariate analysis might allow exploring the independent interaction ...
Bravo Emmanuel - - 2013
Blood pressure that remains above target levels despite drug therapy is an increasingly common problem. The evaluation of resistant hypertension includes confirming blood pressure measurements with an automated device that works without the clinician present and with 24-hour ambulatory monitoring; assessing for target-organ damage; and determining if kidney disease is ...
Hodgkinson James A - - 2013
: Recent research and guidelines recommend the routine use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring for the diagnosis of hypertension, so accuracy of such monitors is more important than ever. : To systematically review the literature regarding the accuracy of ambulatory monitors currently in use. : Medline, Embase, Cinahl, the Cochrane ...
Rifkin Dena E - - 2013
Older adults with chronic kidney disease have a high rate of uncontrolled hypertension. Home monitoring of blood pressure (BP) is an integral part of management, but requires that patients bring records to clinic visits. Telemonitoring interventions, however, have not targeted older, less technologically-skilled populations. Veterans with stage 3 or greater ...
Forestiero Daniel - - 2013
BACKGROUND: New recommendations on reference values for normal test results in ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) were proposed by the V Brazilian Guidelines on Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring, based mainly on the IDACO study. Objectives: This epidemiological study is aimed at evaluating the impact of adopting these new standards in ...
Briefi S - - 2013
In order to allow for a systematic investigation of the plasma properties of discharges containing indium halides, which are proposed as an efficient alternative for mercury based low pressure discharge lamps, a controlled variation of the indium halide density is mandatory. This can be achieved by applying a newly designed ...
Jansen Pieter M PM Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The - - 2013
Add-on therapy with aldosterone receptor antagonists has been reported to lower blood pressure (BP) in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. We assessed potential predictors of this response. In essential hypertensive patients with uncontrolled BP, despite the use of at least two antihypertensives, plasma renin and aldosterone concentrations and the transtubular potassium ...
Martin Una U College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. - - 2013
Inter-arm difference in blood pressure of >10 mmHg is associated with peripheral vascular disease, but it is unclear how much of the difference in sequential right and left arm blood pressure measurements might be due to a 'white-coat' effect. To use ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) to better understand the ...
Wang Y Claire YC Department of Health Policy and Management, Columbia Mailman School of Public Health, Stony Brook University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Clinic-based blood pressure (CBP) has been the default approach for the diagnosis of hypertension, but patients may be misclassified because of masked hypertension (false negative) or 'white coat' hypertension (false positive). The incorporation of other diagnostic modalities, such as home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), ...
Kang D W - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The conversion from intravenous (IV) to subcutaneous (SC) delivery of biotherapeutics has increased in recent years. Some of the reasons for this shift in route of delivery are due to patient convenience, reduced adverse systemic effects, lack of a need for vascular access, and reduced cost of patient care, ...
Ljungberg Liza U - - 2013
Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are at high risk of developing hypertension and related cardiovascular disease. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a central role in regulation of blood pressure (BP). Accordingly, each component of this system represents a potential candidate in the etiology of hypertension. This study investigated the ...
Karpettas Nikos - - 2013
The prevalence of elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents is more common than previously believed and often represents the early onset of essential hypertension, particularly in adolescents. The definition of hypertension in children is based on distribution criteria and normalcy tables that provide blood pressure percentiles for each measurement ...
Suláková Terezie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of hypertension (HTN)/normotension (NT) on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is usually based on systolic (SBP) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP). The goal of this study was to analyze whether inclusion of mean arterial pressure (MAP) improves the detection of HTN on ABPM. METHODS: We retrospectively studied ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Inadequate blood pressure control and poor adherence to treatment remain among the major limitations in the management of hypertensive patients, particularly of those at high risk of cardiovascular events. Preliminary evidence suggests that home blood pressure telemonitoring (HBPT) might help increasing the chance of achieving blood pressure targets ...
Angell Sonia - - 2013
Improving hypertension control is a public health priority and could reduce health disparities. Self blood pressure monitoring (SBPM) is effective but not widely integrated into clinical care. A pragmatic study distributing blood pressure (BP) monitors was conducted to assess its effectiveness in the management of uncontrolled hypertension under conditions consistent ...
Myers Kevin - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the effect the source of added nitrite and high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) had on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat (RTE) sliced ham. Use of 600MPa HHP for 3min resulted in an immediate 3.9-4.3log CFU/g reduction in L. monocytogenes numbers, while ...
Erbay Ali Riza - - 2013
Hypertension terms "dipper" and "non-dipper" are propounded by the change that occurs during ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring. The purpose of this study is to present whether the serum urotensin II levels are different in patients with dipper and non-dipper hypertension and to put forward the effects causing this difference, ...
Bai Yamin - - 2013
Hypertension and associated chronic diseases impose enormous and growing health and economic burdens worldwide. The objective of this study was to investigate the cost-effectiveness (CE) of a hypertension control program in China. We collected information on program costs and health outcomes in three community health centers over a 1-year period. ...
Pai David Z - - 2013
We report a nanoscale synthesis technique using nanosecond-duration plasma discharges. Voltage pulses 12.5 kV in amplitude and 40 ns in duration were applied repetitively at 30 kHz across molybdenum electrodes in open ambient air, generating a nanosecond spark discharge that synthesized well-defined MoO(3) nanoscale architectures (i.e. flakes, dots, walls, porous networks) upon polyamide ...
Chen Chao-Yang - - 2013
Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is a global public health problem. A rising number of IDH sufferers resort to Chinese patent medicine, Shengmai Injection (SMI) in China. The objectives of present study are to assess the effectiveness and safety of SMI as an adjunct therapy for IDH. A systematic search of 6 ...
Jankowski Piotr - - 2013
BACKGROUND The significant difference in central and peripheral blood pressure (BP) values has only recently been widely recognized. Ambulatory BP monitoring has been shown to have advantages over office BP measurements because ambulatory monitoring can provide important information not available when only office BP is measured. The aim of this ...
Sie Astrini - - 2013
We present a method of quantitatively measuring the pressure distribution applied to synthetic tissues by surgical tools via dye-impregnated microcapsules that rupture at specified pressures. A method utilizing pre-made indicator sheets is evaluated by force applications on synthetic bowel, and methods for creating paint-on indicator slurries were explored. A high ...
Papworth Sarah - - 2013
Responding only to individuals of a predator species which display threatening behaviour allows prey species to minimise energy expenditure and other costs of predator avoidance, such as disruption of feeding. The threat sensitivity hypothesis predicts such behaviour in prey species. If hunted animals are unable to distinguish dangerous humans from ...
Posokhov Igor N - - 2013
This review describes issues for the estimation of pulse wave velocity (PWV) under ambulatory conditions using oscillometric systems. The difference between the principles of measuring the PWV by the standard method and by oscillometry is shown, and information on device validation studies is summarized. It was concluded that currently oscillometry ...
Ernst Michael E - - 2013
Conventional office blood pressure readings are a well-established surrogate for the prediction of cardiovascular risk. It is assumed that these readings reflect an underlying average level of blood pressure exposure occurring in an individual over a period of time. But because blood pressure is not static, important additional prognostic information ...
Ju Myeong-Sook - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of aroma massage applied to middle-aged women with hypertension. The research study had a nonequivalent control group, nonsynchronized design to investigate the effect on home blood pressure (BP), ambulatory BP, and sleep. The hypertensive patients were allocated into the aroma ...
Brown Jocelyn - - 2013
Acute respiratory infections are the leading cause of global child mortality. In the developing world, nasal oxygen therapy is often the only treatment option for babies who are suffering from respiratory distress. Without the added pressure of bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (bCPAP) which helps maintain alveoli open, babies struggle ...
Billecke Scott S - - 2013
The use of multiple drug regimens is increasingly recognized as a tacit requirement for the management of hypertension, a necessity fueled in part by rising rates of metabolic syndrome and diabetes. By targeting complementary pathways, combinations of antihypertensive drugs can be applied to provide effective blood pressure control while minimizing ...
Asgary Sedigheh - - 2013
Citrus sinensis juice (CSJ) is a rich source of dietary flavonoids which reduce the risk of adverse cardiovascular events. This study aimed to examine the effects of four-week intake of natural and commercial orange (Citrus sinensis) juice on blood pressure in healthy volunteers. In this single-blind randomized crossover study, 22 ...
Abe Naoki - - 2013
The influence of two pretreatment methods, thermal treatment and low-pressure wet oxidation, on the sludge digestion efficiency was examined. Batch thermophilic anaerobic digestion was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the pretreatment methods in terms of volatile suspended solids (VSS) digestion efficiency and gas production. The results showed that the ...
Le Bihan Thierry - - 2013
Photobacterium profundum SS9 is a Gram-negative bacterium, originally collected from the Sulu Sea. Its genome consists of two chromosomes and a 80 kb plasmid. Although it can grow under a wide range of pressures, P. profundum grows optimally at 28 MPa and 15°C. Its ability to grow at atmospheric pressure ...
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