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Howard James P JP International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, , London, - - 2013
30 mm Hg drops in office systolic blood pressure are reported in trials of renal denervation, but ambulatory reductions are much smaller. This disparity is assumed to have a physiological basis and also be present with antihypertensive drugs. We examine this office-ambulatory discrepancy through meta-analysis of drug and denervation trials, ...
Blom Kimberly - - 2013
The HARMONY study was a randomized, controlled trial examining the efficacy of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program for blood pressure (BP) lowering among unmedicated stage 1 hypertensive participants. Participants diagnosed with stage 1 hypertension based on ambulatory BP were randomized to either immediate treatment of MBSR for 8 ...
Shahid Anupama - - 2013
This study designed a double-blind, randomized controlled trial to assess whether adequate visibility can be achieved with lower uterine filling pressures using normal saline for diagnostic outpatient hysteroscopy and whether patient discomfort can be reduced. A total of 234 patients were randomized to 40mmHg (77 patients), 70mmHg (78 patients) or ...
Yao Hong-Bin - - 2013
A fractured microstructure design: A new type of piezoresistive sensor with ultra-high-pressure sensitivity (0.26 kPa(-1) ) in low pressure range (<2 kPa) and minimum detectable pressure of 9 Pa has been fabricated using a fractured microstructure design in a graphene-nanosheet-wrapped polyurethane (PU) sponge. This low-cost and easily scalable graphene-wrapped PU ...
O'Brien Eoin - - 2013
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is being used increasingly in both clinical practice and hypertension research. Although there are many guidelines that emphasize the indications for ABPM, there is no comprehensive guideline dealing with all aspects of the technique. It was agreed at a consensus meeting on ABPM in Milan ...
Pauw Ruben De - - 2013
This study reports on the possible advantages of switching from constant flow (cF) based gradient elution separations to constant pressure (cP) based ones in Supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) by means of mathematical models. All the important parameters (e.g. viscosity) were fitted as a function of pressure and mol% methanol in ...
Mathiesen Anne Sofie Mølbak AS Danish Center for Health Care Improvement, Faculty of Social Sciences and Faculty of Health Sciences, Aalborg University , Aalborg , - - 2013
Pressure ulcers are a major problem in Danish healthcare with a prevalence of 13-43% among hospitalized patients. The associated costs to the Danish Health Care Sector are estimated to be €174.5 million annually. In 2010, The Danish Society for Patient Safety introduced the Pressure Ulcer Bundle (PUB) in order to ...
Zhao Qi - - 2013
In the Genetic Epidemiology Network of Salt Sensitivity (GenSalt) study, we observed that blood pressure (BP) responses to dietary sodium and potassium interventions and the cold pressor test (CPT) varied greatly among individuals. We conducted a replication study to confirm our previous findings among 695 study participants. The dietary intervention ...
Lindsay Patrice - - 2013
To provide recommendations on screening for hypertension in adults aged 18 years and older without previously diagnosed hypertension. Evidence was found through a systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (EBM Reviews), from January 1985 to September 2011. Study types were limited to randomized controlled ...
Yi-Bing Wang - - 2013
Patient related factors hindering optimal blood pressure (BP) control in patients with hypertension are unclear. To investigate the barriers to optimal hypertension management. A survey on the awareness and management of hypertension was conducted in 556 patients (365 males, mean age 60.9 ± 10.1) from a rural community. Of the ...
Josipović Josipa - - 2013
ABPM (ambulatory blood pressure monitoring) has been considered to be a useful tool for the diagnosis and management of arterial hypertension and is a better predictor of future cardiovascular events as compared with conventional office-based BP measurements. Despite its potential values, ABPM is not yet widely used in many clinical ...
Bronsert Michael R MR Colorado Health Outcomes Program, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2013
Few comparative effectiveness studies of treatment strategies using antihypertensive therapeutic classes in hypertension control have been assessed in a primary care environment. The objectives are to compare the effectiveness of common antihypertensive therapeutic classes initiated as monotherapy and of fixed-dose combinations (FDCs), free-equivalent combinations (FECs), and monotherapy on hypertension control. ...
Kaambwa Billingsley - - 2013
Self-monitoring and self-titration of antihypertensives (self-management) is a novel intervention which improves blood pressure control. However, little evidence exists regarding the cost-effectiveness of self-monitoring of blood pressure in general and self-management in particular. This study aimed to evaluate whether self-management of hypertension was cost-effective. A cohort Markov model-based probabilistic cost-effectiveness ...
Takeishi Hiroyuki - - 2013
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of an artificially controlled environment, particularly elevated total pressure, on net photosynthesis and respiration during plant growth. Pressure directly affects not only cells and organelles in leaves but also the diffusion coefficients and degrees of solubility of CO2 and O2. ...
Wang Ji-Guang - - 2013
Current hypertension guidelines recommend single-pill combinations because they not only improve convenience and compliance to therapy and thus blood pressure (BP) control, but also reduce health-care costs. This study compared the efficacy and safety of valsartan/amlodipine single-pill combination with nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) in Chinese patients with hypertension who ...
Van Hekken D L - - 2013
Queso Fresco (QF), a popular high-moisture, high-pH Hispanic-style cheese sold in the United States, underwent high-pressure processing (HPP), which has the potential to improve the safety of cheese, to determine the effects of this process on quality traits of the cheese. Starter-free, rennet-set QF (manufactured from pasteurized, homogenized milk, milled ...
Redon Josep - - 2013
SURGE 2, a large-scale, practice-based study in 10 countries, evaluated the effects of telmisartan alone or with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) on morning (06:00-11:59) home blood pressure (HBP) control. Hypertensive patients (clinic blood pressure [BP] ≥ 140/90 mmHg) received telmisartan 40 or 80 mg either alone or in combination with HCTZ 12.5 ...
Chen Rongsheng - - 2013
The development and construction of a tapered-tip fibre-optic fluorescence based oxygen sensor is described. The sensor is suitable for fast and real-time monitoring of human breathing. The sensitivity and response time of the oxygen sensor were evaluated in vitro with a gas pressure chamber system, where oxygen partial pressure was ...
Ledur P S - - 2013
We assessed the association between adherence to antihypertensive drug treatment and patient's perception of uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) in diabetic hypertensive subjects. This was a cross-sectional study that evaluated adherence to antihypertensives (Morisky questionnaire), patients' perception of abnormal BP, office BP, and ambulatory BP monitoring in diabetic hypertensive subjects. We ...
Edwards Cedric - - 2013
Manual measurement of blood pressure (BP) in the office (MOBP) is inferior in accuracy when compared with ambulatory BP measurements (ABPM) since it misses white coat and masked effects on BP. BpTRU, an automated office BP device (AOBP), has been reported to reduce white coat effect. We performed a retrospective ...
Takagi Hisato - - 2013
A previous meta-analysis of a few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) suggests a significant reduction in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) with telmisartan as compared with losartan monotherapy. We performed an updated meta-analysis of RCTs of telmisartan versus losartan therapy for reduction of ambulatory BP in patients with hypertension. MEDLINE, EMBASE and ...
Braun Ueli - - 2013
An automated technique for recording eating and rumination behaviour was evaluated in ten lactating Brown Swiss cows by comparing data obtained from a pressure sensor with data obtained via direct observation over a 24-hour period. The recording device involved a pressure sensor integrated in the noseband of a halter. The ...
Pessanha Paulo - - 2013
Hypertensive patients (HTs) are usually attended in primary care (PC). We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy and cost-benefit ratio of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in all newly diagnosed hypertensive patients (HTs) attended in PC. In a cross-sectional study ABPM was recorded in all 336 never treated HTs ...
Hayek Salim S - - 2013
Studies of endovascular renal denervation (RDN) have demonstrated significant blood pressure reduction in eligible patients with resistant hypertension. These trials have used stringent inclusion and exclusion criteria in patient enrollment, potentially selecting for a small subset of patients with resistant hypertension. In this study, we examined the changes in estimated ...
Kario K - - 2013
The definitive diagnosis of hypertension based on home blood pressure (BP) monitoring (HBPM) results may be practical, particularly in the primary care setting; however, some hypertensive patients are overlooked by HBPM alone. It is unclear which HBP cutoff value should set for patients who require ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). In ...
Maseko Muzi J - - 2013
Whether independent relationships between white coat effects (office minus day (office-day blood pressure (BP))) and organ damage or arterial stiffness may be explained by associations with an attenuated nocturnal BP dipping, has not been determined. In 750 participants from a sample of African ancestry, office and 24-hour BP, carotid-femoral pulse ...
Uhlig Katrin - - 2013
Clinical guidelines recommend that adults with hypertension self-monitor their blood pressure (BP). To summarize evidence about the effectiveness of self-measured blood pressure (SMBP) monitoring in adults with hypertension. MEDLINE (inception to 8 February 2013) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (fourth quarter 2012). ...
Berger Joel - - 2013
As drivers of terrestrial ecosystems, humans have replaced large carnivores in most areas, and human influence not only exerts striking ecological pressures on biodiversity at local scales but also has indirect effects in distant corners of the world. We suggest that the multibillion dollar cashmere industry creates economic motivations that ...
Balk Yannick A - - 2013
Performing under high pressure is an emotional experience. Hence, the use of emotion regulation strategies may prove to be highly effective in preventing choking under pressure. Using a golf putting task, we investigated the role of arousal on declined sport performance under pressure (pilot study) and the effectiveness of emotion ...
Zullig Leah L LL Center of Excellence for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 411 West Chapel Street, Durham, NC 27701, USA. - - 2013
Hypertension is a common chronic disease affecting nearly one-third of the United States population. Many interventions have been designed to help patients manage their hypertension. With the evolving climate of healthcare, rapidly developing technology, and emphasis on delivering patient-centered care, home-based blood pressure telemonitoring is a promising tool to help ...
Noronha-Neto Carlos - - 2013
The behavior of arterial blood pressure in postpartum of women with hypertension and pregnancy and the best treatment for very high blood pressure in this period still need evidence. The Cochrane systematic review assessing prevention and treatment of postpartum hypertension found only two trials (120 patients) comparing hydralazine with nifedipine ...
Arzalluz M Victoria - - 2013
The objective of this study is to evaluate the antihypertensive effect of bedtime administration of low doses of aspirin in patients with treated hypertension and high cardiovascular risk on low-dose aspirin for secondary prevention, in order to optimize their usual treatment and reduce their cardiovascular risk.Methods and design: This is ...
Chapman Arlene B - - 2013
Night blood pressure (BP) predicts patient outcomes. Variables associated with night BP response to antihypertensive agents have not been fully evaluated in essential hypertension. We sought to measure night BP responses to hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), atenolol (ATEN), and combined therapy using ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring in 204 black and 281 ...
Rakugi Hiromi - - 2013
Background. Abnormal variations in night-time hypertension such as "non-dipping" type (< 10% decrease in nocturnal systolic blood pressure [SBP] from daytime SBP) are a risk factor for cardiovascular events independent of 24-h BP. Methods. As part of a randomized, double-blind study of azilsartan (20-40 mg once daily) and candesartan (8-12 ...
Gualtierotti Roberta - - 2013
Background: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently used for reducing pain and other symptoms in osteoarthritis (OA). NSAIDs have been associated with an increase in blood pressure (BP) in both normotensive and hypertensive individuals and a blunting effect on various anti-hypertensive medications. Acetaminophen effects on anti-hypertensive treatment, instead, are still ...
Hobbs Ditte A - - 2013
Dietary nitrate, from beetroot, has been reported to lower blood pressure (BP) by the sequential reduction of nitrate to nitrite and further to NO in the circulation. However, the impact of beetroot on microvascular vasodilation and arterial stiffness is unknown. In addition, beetroot is consumed by only 4.5% of the ...
Grigoryan Larissa - - 2013
Most studies on the prevalence and determinants of resistant hypertension (RH) do not account for white coat hypertension, medication non-adherence, or use of suboptimal treatment dosages. We studied the characteristics, drug combinations, and dosages of patients on at least three antihypertensives of different classes who had uncontrolled blood pressure on ...
Miersch André - - 2013
Seasonal fluctuations in outdoor temperature have been shown to affect blood pressure in adults. The aim of our study was to determine whether blood pressure measurements in children and adolescents in Central Europe undergo seasonal variation or are influenced by outdoor temperature. The blood pressure of 6,714 subjects (3,497 boys, ...
Stokes Jennifer R - - 2013
Pressure management is one cost-effective and efficient strategy for controlling water distribution losses. This paper evaluates the life-cycle energy use and emissions for pressure management zones in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Halifax, Nova Scotia. It compares water savings using fixed-outlet and flow-modulated pressure control to performance without pressure control, considering the ...
Kario K - - 2013
Morning home blood pressure (BP) levels are more closely associated with cardiovascular risk than clinic BP levels. However, control of morning home BP has been worse than that of clinic BP in clinical practice. We examined the effects of olmesartan-based treatment using data (n=21 341) from the first 16 weeks of ...
Zawadzki Matthew J - - 2013
A range of nonpharmacological interventions (e.g., meditation) have positive effects on blood pressure (BP) but tend to have poor adherence. These interventions may lower BP partly by absorbing and directing attention away from one's negative thoughts. We hypothesized that recurring self-selected activities (SSAs) that are attentionally absorbing may similarly lower ...
Hinderliter Alan L - - 2013
Previous studies of the reproducibility of blood pressure (BP) dipping have yielded inconsistent results. Few have examined factors that may influence day-to-day differences in dipping. Ambulatory BP monitoring was performed on three occasions, approximately 1 week apart, in 115 untreated adult subjects with elevated clinic BPs. The mean ± standard deviation BP ...
Vargas-Sánchez Angel - - 2013
To obtain a blood pressure reading is mandatory during either the general or specialized physical examination. This study describes factors associated with the accomplishment of blood pressure measurement in the first neurological consultation. We studied first ambulatory neurology consultations in a Mexican referral hospital. Demographic characteristics, diagnostic category of referral, ...
Singh Amita - - 2013
With the advent of noninvasive 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), clinicians have access to a wealth of individualized data for the hypertensive patient. This has led to a greater understanding of the pathophysiology of hypertension and its complications. This tool has provided more precise diagnostic criteria for hypertension and ...
Fadl Elmula Fadl Elmula Mohamed - - 2013
It is unknown whether the decline in blood pressure (BP) after renal denervation (RDN) is caused by denervation itself or concomitantly improved drug adherence. We aimed to investigate the BP lowering effect of RDN in true treatment-resistant hypertension by excluding patients with poor drug adherence. Patients with resistant hypertension (n=18) ...
Wild Sarah - - 2013
Diabetes prevalence is increasing and current methods of management are unsustainable. Effective approaches to supporting self-management are required. The aim of this randomized controlled trial is to establish whether supported telemetric monitoring of glycemic control and blood pressure results in reductions in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c; the primary outcome of a ...
Imai Yutaka - - 2013
Home blood pressure (BP) is highly reproducible and its reproducibility is better than ambulatory BP. Because of this feature, home BP has a greater prognostic value at least than clinic BP and is extremely effective for the evaluation of drug effects and their duration. The introduction of home BP for ...
Dong Jia-Yi - - 2013
Previous studies have suggested that probiotic fermented milk may possess blood pressure (BP)-lowering properties. In the present study, we aimed to systematically examine the effect of probiotic fermented milk on BP by conducting a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PubMed, Cochrane library and the ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched up to ...
Myers Martin G - - 2013
Conventional manual measurement of blood pressure (BP) in clinical practice is no longer considered to be the best method for evaluating a patient's BP status. Home BP and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring are now recommended for the diagnosis and management of hypertension. Recent studies provide an alternative to conventional office ...
Puke Sawa - - 2013
Recently, monitoring of blood pressure fluctuation in the daily life is focused on in the hypertension care area to predict the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease events. In this paper, in order to propose an alternative system to the existed ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) sphygmomanometer, we have developed ...
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