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Ash Garrett I GI Department of Kinesiology & Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, StorrsConnecticut, United - - 2013
We tested the reproducibility of changes in the ambulatory blood pressure (BP) from the initial values, an indicator of BP reactivity and cardiovascular health outcomes, in young, healthy adults. The subjects wore an ambulatory BP monitor attached by the same investigator at the same time of day until the next ...
Kantarci Gülçin G Department of Nephrology, Yeditepe University Medical Faculty , Istanbul, - - 2013
Blood pressure measurement in the diagnosis and management of hypertension, including the technique required for ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and home blood pressure monitoring, will be reviewed in this article. Home and ambulatory measurements are widely used, both to confirm the diagnosis and to improve adherence to therapy. The major ...
Tocci Giuliano - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) control is poorly achieved in Western Countries, including Italy. Several interventions have been proposed at national and local level to improve BP control rate. This survey of the Italian Society of Hypertension (SIIA) is aimed at analysing the number and the distribution of reference centers and excellence ...
Heo Seung Jin - - 2013
We investigated the effects of high-pressure treatment on charge carrier transport in PbS colloidal quantum dot (CQD) solids. We applied high pressure to PbS CQD solids using nitrogen gas to reduce the inter-dot distance. Using this simple process, we obtained conductive PbS CQD solids. Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy was used to ...
Kingsley David H - - 2013
Investigation of the effects of pre-pressurization temperature on the high-pressure inactivation for single strains of aichivirus (AiV), coxsackievirus A9 (CAV9) and B5 (CBV5) viruses, as well as human parechovirus-1 (HPeV) was performed. For CAV9, an average 1.99 log10 greater inactivation was observed at 4 °C after a 400-MPa-5-min treatments compared to ...
Fudge Elizabeth B - - 2013
Background/Aims: Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with increased mortality due to cardiovascular disease and a dramatically higher rate of aortic dissection. The recognition and treatment of hypertension in this population is critical. We sought to assess the ability to detect blood pressure (BP) abnormalities comparing ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) ...
Waeber Bernard - - 2013
Hypertension resistant to lifestyle interventions and antihypertensive medications is a common problem encountered by physicians in everyday practice. It is most often defined as a blood pressure remaining ≥ 140/90 mmHg despite the regular intake of at least three drugs lowering blood pressure by different mechanisms, one of them being ...
Bramlage Peter P Institut für Pharmakologie und präventive Medizin, Mahlow, Cloppenburg, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the fixed-dose combination olmesartan/amlodipine 40/10 mg in patients with moderate essential hypertension not controlled on candesartan 32 mg. This was a prospective, single-arm, phase IV study. The primary endpoint was the change in mean daytime systolic blood pressure (BP). A total ...
Seo Won Hee - - 2013
Abstract A wearable ambulatory intravenous infusion device (AIVD) has been developed to facilitate the ambulation of patients. To enhance ambulation, a wearable AIVD was designed and a prototype was developed that consists of an air bag, a reciprocating air pump, a drip rate sensor, and a microprocessor-based controller. Using air ...
Poruthukaren Kurian John KJ Fr Muller Homoeopathic Medical College, Deralakatte, Mangalore, - - 2014
Viscum album, an infrequently used antihypertensive in homeopathy, is evaluated by 1-group pretest-posttest model in primary hypertension. The drug was administered for 12 weeks at a dosage of 10 drops 3 times a day. Using paired t test, a significant drop in blood pressure (P < .0001) and serum triglyceride ...
Stergiou George S - - 2013
Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurement using home BP (HBP) or ambulatory BP (ABP) monitoring is often necessary for the accurate evaluation of hypertension. These methods have several similarities but also have major differences. Therefore, they are regarded as complementary, and there is uncertainty on how they should be applied in ...
Barden Anne E - - 2013
The vasodilation accompanying acute alcohol ingestion is hard to reconcile with the strong evidence linking chronic alcohol consumption with hypertension. Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) eicosanoids derived from arachidonic acid include vasodilator epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) and the vasoconstrictor 20-hydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (20-HETE). This study aimed to examine the relationship between CYP450 eicosanoids and ...
Mels C M - - 2013
Globally the prevalence of non-communicable diseases, such as hypertension and type 2 diabetes, are escalating. Metabolomic studies indicated that circulating branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) are associated with insulin resistance, coronary artery disease and increased risk for cardiovascular events. We aimed to extend the current understanding of the cardiovascular risk ...
Kamide Kei K Department of Geriatric Medicine & Nephrology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan and Department of Health Sciences, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan and Research Institute, National Cerebro & Cardiovascular Research Center, Osaka, Japan and Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension & Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, - - 2013
Patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension in the HOMED-BP trial were randomly allocated to first-line treatment with a calcium channel blocker (CCB), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB). We recruited 265 (93 for CCB, 71 for ACEI and 101 for ARB) patients who completed the genomic study. ...
Liu Wenjin - - 2013
The two most commonly used strategies to evaluate dialysis patients' blood pressure (BP) level are 44-hour and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). The objective of this study was to find an appropriate 24-hour period that correlated well with the 44-hour BP level and determine the differences between these strategies. ...
Zhou Jin J National Engineering Laboratory for Clean Technology of Leather Manufacture, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, P. R. - - 2013
This study aimed at quantitatively evaluating the effectiveness of sheepskin mattress (SSM) in pressure relieving, and then variables of peak pressure (mmHg) (PP), average pressure (AP) and contact area (cm(2)) (CA) at the total, back, sacrum and heel regions of 18 students supinely lying in a control mattress (CM), standard ...
Martínez-Rodríguez Yamile - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of high hydrostatic pressure treatments on mycelial development, spore viability, and total proteolytic and lipolytic activity of Penicillium roqueforti PV-LYO 10 D. Fungus growing in liquid medium was pressure-treated at 300, 400, and 500MPa for 10min at 20°C following seven days of incubation at 25°C ...
Nasothimiou E G - - 2013
Patient's preference might influence compliance with antihypertensive treatment and thereby long-term blood pressure (BP) control. This study compared patients' preference in using ambulatory (ABPM) versus home BP monitoring (HBPM). Subjects referred for hypertension were evaluated with 24-h ABPM and 7-day HBPM. Participants filled a questionnaire including demographics and Likert scale ...
Yang Li-Bo - - 2013
The effect of osmotic pressure on erythritol and mannitol production by an osmophilic yeast strain of Yarrowia lipolytica CICC 1675 using glycerol as the sole carbon source was investigated. Appropriately high osmotic pressure was found to enhance erythritol production and inhibit mannitol formation. A novel two-stage osmotic pressure control fed-batch ...
Lee Scott A - - 2013
High-pressure Raman spectroscopy has been used to study the eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the vibrational modes of crystalline adenosine at 295 K by evaluating the logarithmic derivative of the vibrational frequency with respect to pressure: [Formula: see text]. Crystalline samples of molecular materials such as adenosine will have vibrational modes that ...
Gallego Blanca - - 2013
Severe hypertension (SHT) (Blood Pressure, BP >= 180/110 mmHg) is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, yet little is known about how it is managed. The purpose of this study is to examine the management of SHT by Australian general practitioners (GPs) and to explore its variance across patient characteristics ...
Yoshida Hideaki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacies of valsartan and telmisartan as add-on agents for the control of morning blood pressure (BP) in patients already on amlodipine monotherapy. A total of 414 hypertensive patients were prospectively enrolled in a 4-week run-in period when they were treated with ...
Brothwell Shona - - 2013
Accurate blood pressure monitoring is critical for the management of chronic kidney disease, but changes in management in secondary care clinics may be based on a single blood pressure reading, with a subsequent lack of accuracy. The aim of this study was to evaluate a fully automated sphygmomanometer for optimising ...
Mozheyko Maria - - 2013
This prospective before-and-after survey of hypertensive patients visiting government-run outpatient health facilities in the Yaroslavl Region of Russia assessed blood pressure (BP)-related endpoints following initiation of a comprehensive health system improvement program for hypertension. Two cross-sectional surveys, one at baseline and the other approximately 1 year after program initiation, evaluated the ...
Sen Minoti - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The primary aim was to evaluate the effect on blood pressure (BP) levels of a previously developed pedagogically structured BP card introduced to patients with inadequately controlled hypertension in primary care. The evaluation was based on the results of a pilot study which is briefly presented. The aim ...
Hughes Joel W - - 2013
Objective Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is an increasingly popular practice demonstrated to alleviate stress and treat certain health conditions. MBSR may reduce elevated blood pressure (BP). Treatment guidelines recommend life-style modifications for BP in the prehypertensive range (systolic BP [SBP] 120-139 mm Hg or diastolic BP [DBP] 80-89 mm Hg), ...
Stankovich Joseph J - - 2013
Five methods were used to implement fast gradient separations: constant flow rate, constant column-wall temperature, constant inlet pressure at moderate and high pressures (controlled by a pressure controller), and programmed flow constant pressure. For programmed flow constant pressure, the flow rates and gradient compositions are controlled using input into the ...
Persu A - - 2013
We did a subject-level meta-analysis of the changes (Δ) in blood pressure (BP) observed 3 and 6 months after renal denervation (RDN) at 10 European centers. Recruited patients (n=109; 46.8% women; mean age 58.2 years) had essential hypertension confirmed by ambulatory BP. From baseline to 6 months, treatment score declined ...
Kim Joo-Hee - - 2013
Hypertension, a worldwide public health problem, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and kidney disease, and the medical and economic burden of hypertension is increasing. Auricular acupuncture has been used to treat various diseases, including hypertension. Several studies have shown that auricular acupuncture treatment decreases blood pressure in patients ...
Ohkubo Takayoshi - - 2013
Although two population-based studies have demonstrated the prognostic value of day-to-day home blood pressure (BP) variability, data are still limited. Thresholds of normality, target levels for treatment, and optimal number and times of home measurement needed for better assessment of day-to-day home BP variability also remain to be investigated. Although ...
Gopinath Bamini - - 2013
To establish whether time spent in sport-related physical activities and sedentary behaviors (e.g. TV viewing, videogame usage, and homework) was prospectively associated with change in blood pressure (BP) over 5 years. 821 students aged 6 years at baseline (397 girls and 424 boys) were examined from 2003-4 to 2009-11. Children ...
Zemmrich Claudia - - 2013
A direct switch of candesartan to the fixed-dose combination olmesartan/amlodipine in uncontrolled hypertension is a frequent clinical requirement but is not covered by current labeling. An open-label, prospective, single-arm phase IIIb study was performed in patients with 32 mg candesartan followed by olmesartan/amlodipine 40/10 mg. The primary endpoint was change in mean ...
Howard James P JP International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, , London, - - 2013
30 mm Hg drops in office systolic blood pressure are reported in trials of renal denervation, but ambulatory reductions are much smaller. This disparity is assumed to have a physiological basis and also be present with antihypertensive drugs. We examine this office-ambulatory discrepancy through meta-analysis of drug and denervation trials, ...
Blom Kimberly - - 2013
The HARMONY study was a randomized, controlled trial examining the efficacy of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program for blood pressure (BP) lowering among unmedicated stage 1 hypertensive participants. Participants diagnosed with stage 1 hypertension based on ambulatory BP were randomized to either immediate treatment of MBSR for 8 ...
Shahid Anupama - - 2013
This study designed a double-blind, randomized controlled trial to assess whether adequate visibility can be achieved with lower uterine filling pressures using normal saline for diagnostic outpatient hysteroscopy and whether patient discomfort can be reduced. A total of 234 patients were randomized to 40mmHg (77 patients), 70mmHg (78 patients) or ...
Yao Hong-Bin - - 2013
A fractured microstructure design: A new type of piezoresistive sensor with ultra-high-pressure sensitivity (0.26 kPa(-1) ) in low pressure range (<2 kPa) and minimum detectable pressure of 9 Pa has been fabricated using a fractured microstructure design in a graphene-nanosheet-wrapped polyurethane (PU) sponge. This low-cost and easily scalable graphene-wrapped PU ...
O'Brien Eoin - - 2013
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is being used increasingly in both clinical practice and hypertension research. Although there are many guidelines that emphasize the indications for ABPM, there is no comprehensive guideline dealing with all aspects of the technique. It was agreed at a consensus meeting on ABPM in Milan ...
Pauw Ruben De - - 2013
This study reports on the possible advantages of switching from constant flow (cF) based gradient elution separations to constant pressure (cP) based ones in Supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) by means of mathematical models. All the important parameters (e.g. viscosity) were fitted as a function of pressure and mol% methanol in ...
Zhao Qi - - 2013
In the Genetic Epidemiology Network of Salt Sensitivity (GenSalt) study, we observed that blood pressure (BP) responses to dietary sodium and potassium interventions and the cold pressor test (CPT) varied greatly among individuals. We conducted a replication study to confirm our previous findings among 695 study participants. The dietary intervention ...
Lindsay Patrice - - 2013
To provide recommendations on screening for hypertension in adults aged 18 years and older without previously diagnosed hypertension. Evidence was found through a systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (EBM Reviews), from January 1985 to September 2011. Study types were limited to randomized controlled ...
Yi-Bing Wang - - 2013
Patient related factors hindering optimal blood pressure (BP) control in patients with hypertension are unclear. To investigate the barriers to optimal hypertension management. A survey on the awareness and management of hypertension was conducted in 556 patients (365 males, mean age 60.9 ± 10.1) from a rural community. Of the ...
Josipović Josipa - - 2013
ABPM (ambulatory blood pressure monitoring) has been considered to be a useful tool for the diagnosis and management of arterial hypertension and is a better predictor of future cardiovascular events as compared with conventional office-based BP measurements. Despite its potential values, ABPM is not yet widely used in many clinical ...
Bronsert Michael R MR Colorado Health Outcomes Program, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2013
Few comparative effectiveness studies of treatment strategies using antihypertensive therapeutic classes in hypertension control have been assessed in a primary care environment. The objectives are to compare the effectiveness of common antihypertensive therapeutic classes initiated as monotherapy and of fixed-dose combinations (FDCs), free-equivalent combinations (FECs), and monotherapy on hypertension control. ...
Kaambwa Billingsley - - 2013
Self-monitoring and self-titration of antihypertensives (self-management) is a novel intervention which improves blood pressure control. However, little evidence exists regarding the cost-effectiveness of self-monitoring of blood pressure in general and self-management in particular. This study aimed to evaluate whether self-management of hypertension was cost-effective. A cohort Markov model-based probabilistic cost-effectiveness ...
Takeishi Hiroyuki - - 2013
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of an artificially controlled environment, particularly elevated total pressure, on net photosynthesis and respiration during plant growth. Pressure directly affects not only cells and organelles in leaves but also the diffusion coefficients and degrees of solubility of CO2 and O2. ...
Wang Ji-Guang - - 2013
Current hypertension guidelines recommend single-pill combinations because they not only improve convenience and compliance to therapy and thus blood pressure (BP) control, but also reduce health-care costs. This study compared the efficacy and safety of valsartan/amlodipine single-pill combination with nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) in Chinese patients with hypertension who ...
Van Hekken D L - - 2013
Queso Fresco (QF), a popular high-moisture, high-pH Hispanic-style cheese sold in the United States, underwent high-pressure processing (HPP), which has the potential to improve the safety of cheese, to determine the effects of this process on quality traits of the cheese. Starter-free, rennet-set QF (manufactured from pasteurized, homogenized milk, milled ...
Redon Josep - - 2013
SURGE 2, a large-scale, practice-based study in 10 countries, evaluated the effects of telmisartan alone or with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) on morning (06:00-11:59) home blood pressure (HBP) control. Hypertensive patients (clinic blood pressure [BP] ≥ 140/90 mmHg) received telmisartan 40 or 80 mg either alone or in combination with HCTZ 12.5 ...
Chen Rongsheng - - 2013
The development and construction of a tapered-tip fibre-optic fluorescence based oxygen sensor is described. The sensor is suitable for fast and real-time monitoring of human breathing. The sensitivity and response time of the oxygen sensor were evaluated in vitro with a gas pressure chamber system, where oxygen partial pressure was ...
Ledur P S - - 2013
We assessed the association between adherence to antihypertensive drug treatment and patient's perception of uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) in diabetic hypertensive subjects. This was a cross-sectional study that evaluated adherence to antihypertensives (Morisky questionnaire), patients' perception of abnormal BP, office BP, and ambulatory BP monitoring in diabetic hypertensive subjects. We ...
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