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Redon Josep - - 2013
SURGE 2, a large-scale, practice-based study in 10 countries, evaluated the effects of telmisartan alone or with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) on morning (06:00-11:59) home blood pressure (HBP) control. Hypertensive patients (clinic blood pressure [BP] ≥ 140/90 mmHg) received telmisartan 40 or 80 mg either alone or in combination with HCTZ 12.5 ...
Chen Rongsheng - - 2013
The development and construction of a tapered-tip fibre-optic fluorescence based oxygen sensor is described. The sensor is suitable for fast and real-time monitoring of human breathing. The sensitivity and response time of the oxygen sensor were evaluated in vitro with a gas pressure chamber system, where oxygen partial pressure was ...
Ledur P S - - 2013
We assessed the association between adherence to antihypertensive drug treatment and patient's perception of uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) in diabetic hypertensive subjects. This was a cross-sectional study that evaluated adherence to antihypertensives (Morisky questionnaire), patients' perception of abnormal BP, office BP, and ambulatory BP monitoring in diabetic hypertensive subjects. We ...
Edwards Cedric - - 2013
Manual measurement of blood pressure (BP) in the office (MOBP) is inferior in accuracy when compared with ambulatory BP measurements (ABPM) since it misses white coat and masked effects on BP. BpTRU, an automated office BP device (AOBP), has been reported to reduce white coat effect. We performed a retrospective ...
Takagi Hisato - - 2013
A previous meta-analysis of a few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) suggests a significant reduction in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) with telmisartan as compared with losartan monotherapy. We performed an updated meta-analysis of RCTs of telmisartan versus losartan therapy for reduction of ambulatory BP in patients with hypertension. MEDLINE, EMBASE and ...
Braun Ueli - - 2013
An automated technique for recording eating and rumination behaviour was evaluated in ten lactating Brown Swiss cows by comparing data obtained from a pressure sensor with data obtained via direct observation over a 24-hour period. The recording device involved a pressure sensor integrated in the noseband of a halter. The ...
Pessanha Paulo - - 2013
Hypertensive patients (HTs) are usually attended in primary care (PC). We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy and cost-benefit ratio of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in all newly diagnosed hypertensive patients (HTs) attended in PC. In a cross-sectional study ABPM was recorded in all 336 never treated HTs ...
Hayek Salim S - - 2013
Studies of endovascular renal denervation (RDN) have demonstrated significant blood pressure reduction in eligible patients with resistant hypertension. These trials have used stringent inclusion and exclusion criteria in patient enrollment, potentially selecting for a small subset of patients with resistant hypertension. In this study, we examined the changes in estimated ...
Kario K - - 2013
The definitive diagnosis of hypertension based on home blood pressure (BP) monitoring (HBPM) results may be practical, particularly in the primary care setting; however, some hypertensive patients are overlooked by HBPM alone. It is unclear which HBP cutoff value should set for patients who require ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). In ...
Mathiesen Anne Sofie Mølbak - - 2013
Abstract Background Pressure ulcers are a major problem in Danish health care with a prevalence of 13-43 % among hospitalised patients. The associated costs are estimated to € 174.5 million in the Danish Health Care Sector annually. In 2010, The Danish Society for Patient Safety introduced the Pressure Ulcer Bundle ...
Maseko Muzi J - - 2013
Whether independent relationships between white coat effects (office minus day (office-day blood pressure (BP))) and organ damage or arterial stiffness may be explained by associations with an attenuated nocturnal BP dipping, has not been determined. In 750 participants from a sample of African ancestry, office and 24-hour BP, carotid-femoral pulse ...
Uhlig Katrin - - 2013
Clinical guidelines recommend that adults with hypertension self-monitor their blood pressure (BP). To summarize evidence about the effectiveness of self-measured blood pressure (SMBP) monitoring in adults with hypertension. MEDLINE (inception to 8 February 2013) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (fourth quarter 2012). ...
Berger Joel - - 2013
As drivers of terrestrial ecosystems, humans have replaced large carnivores in most areas, and human influence not only exerts striking ecological pressures on biodiversity at local scales but also has indirect effects in distant corners of the world. We suggest that the multibillion dollar cashmere industry creates economic motivations that ...
Balk Yannick A - - 2013
Performing under high pressure is an emotional experience. Hence, the use of emotion regulation strategies may prove to be highly effective in preventing choking under pressure. Using a golf putting task, we investigated the role of arousal on declined sport performance under pressure (pilot study) and the effectiveness of emotion ...
Noronha-Neto Carlos - - 2013
The behavior of arterial blood pressure in postpartum of women with hypertension and pregnancy and the best treatment for very high blood pressure in this period still need evidence. The Cochrane systematic review assessing prevention and treatment of postpartum hypertension found only two trials (120 patients) comparing hydralazine with nifedipine ...
Arzalluz M Victoria - - 2013
The objective of this study is to evaluate the antihypertensive effect of bedtime administration of low doses of aspirin in patients with treated hypertension and high cardiovascular risk on low-dose aspirin for secondary prevention, in order to optimize their usual treatment and reduce their cardiovascular risk.Methods and design: This is ...
Chapman Arlene B - - 2013
Night blood pressure (BP) predicts patient outcomes. Variables associated with night BP response to antihypertensive agents have not been fully evaluated in essential hypertension. We sought to measure night BP responses to hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), atenolol (ATEN), and combined therapy using ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring in 204 black and 281 ...
Rakugi Hiromi - - 2013
Background. Abnormal variations in night-time hypertension such as "non-dipping" type (< 10% decrease in nocturnal systolic blood pressure [SBP] from daytime SBP) are a risk factor for cardiovascular events independent of 24-h BP. Methods. As part of a randomized, double-blind study of azilsartan (20-40 mg once daily) and candesartan (8-12 ...
Gualtierotti Roberta - - 2013
Background: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequently used for reducing pain and other symptoms in osteoarthritis (OA). NSAIDs have been associated with an increase in blood pressure (BP) in both normotensive and hypertensive individuals and a blunting effect on various anti-hypertensive medications. Acetaminophen effects on anti-hypertensive treatment, instead, are still ...
Hobbs Ditte A - - 2013
Dietary nitrate, from beetroot, has been reported to lower blood pressure (BP) by the sequential reduction of nitrate to nitrite and further to NO in the circulation. However, the impact of beetroot on microvascular vasodilation and arterial stiffness is unknown. In addition, beetroot is consumed by only 4.5% of the ...
Grigoryan Larissa - - 2013
Most studies on the prevalence and determinants of resistant hypertension (RH) do not account for white coat hypertension, medication non-adherence, or use of suboptimal treatment dosages. We studied the characteristics, drug combinations, and dosages of patients on at least three antihypertensives of different classes who had uncontrolled blood pressure on ...
Miersch André - - 2013
Seasonal fluctuations in outdoor temperature have been shown to affect blood pressure in adults. The aim of our study was to determine whether blood pressure measurements in children and adolescents in Central Europe undergo seasonal variation or are influenced by outdoor temperature. The blood pressure of 6,714 subjects (3,497 boys, ...
Stokes Jennifer R - - 2013
Pressure management is one cost-effective and efficient strategy for controlling water distribution losses. This paper evaluates the life-cycle energy use and emissions for pressure management zones in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Halifax, Nova Scotia. It compares water savings using fixed-outlet and flow-modulated pressure control to performance without pressure control, considering the ...
Kario K - - 2013
Morning home blood pressure (BP) levels are more closely associated with cardiovascular risk than clinic BP levels. However, control of morning home BP has been worse than that of clinic BP in clinical practice. We examined the effects of olmesartan-based treatment using data (n=21 341) from the first 16 weeks of ...
Zawadzki Matthew J - - 2013
A range of nonpharmacological interventions (e.g., meditation) have positive effects on blood pressure (BP) but tend to have poor adherence. These interventions may lower BP partly by absorbing and directing attention away from one's negative thoughts. We hypothesized that recurring self-selected activities (SSAs) that are attentionally absorbing may similarly lower ...
Hinderliter Alan L - - 2013
Previous studies of the reproducibility of blood pressure (BP) dipping have yielded inconsistent results. Few have examined factors that may influence day-to-day differences in dipping. Ambulatory BP monitoring was performed on three occasions, approximately 1 week apart, in 115 untreated adult subjects with elevated clinic BPs. The mean ± standard deviation BP ...
Vargas-Sánchez Angel - - 2013
To obtain a blood pressure reading is mandatory during either the general or specialized physical examination. This study describes factors associated with the accomplishment of blood pressure measurement in the first neurological consultation. We studied first ambulatory neurology consultations in a Mexican referral hospital. Demographic characteristics, diagnostic category of referral, ...
Singh Amita - - 2013
With the advent of noninvasive 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), clinicians have access to a wealth of individualized data for the hypertensive patient. This has led to a greater understanding of the pathophysiology of hypertension and its complications. This tool has provided more precise diagnostic criteria for hypertension and ...
Fadl Elmula Fadl Elmula Mohamed - - 2013
It is unknown whether the decline in blood pressure (BP) after renal denervation (RDN) is caused by denervation itself or concomitantly improved drug adherence. We aimed to investigate the BP lowering effect of RDN in true treatment-resistant hypertension by excluding patients with poor drug adherence. Patients with resistant hypertension (n=18) ...
Wild Sarah - - 2013
Diabetes prevalence is increasing and current methods of management are unsustainable. Effective approaches to supporting self-management are required. The aim of this randomized controlled trial is to establish whether supported telemetric monitoring of glycemic control and blood pressure results in reductions in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c; the primary outcome of a ...
Imai Yutaka - - 2013
Home blood pressure (BP) is highly reproducible and its reproducibility is better than ambulatory BP. Because of this feature, home BP has a greater prognostic value at least than clinic BP and is extremely effective for the evaluation of drug effects and their duration. The introduction of home BP for ...
Dong Jia-Yi - - 2013
Previous studies have suggested that probiotic fermented milk may possess blood pressure (BP)-lowering properties. In the present study, we aimed to systematically examine the effect of probiotic fermented milk on BP by conducting a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. PubMed, Cochrane library and the ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched up to ...
Myers Martin G - - 2013
Conventional manual measurement of blood pressure (BP) in clinical practice is no longer considered to be the best method for evaluating a patient's BP status. Home BP and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring are now recommended for the diagnosis and management of hypertension. Recent studies provide an alternative to conventional office ...
Puke Sawa - - 2013
Recently, monitoring of blood pressure fluctuation in the daily life is focused on in the hypertension care area to predict the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease events. In this paper, in order to propose an alternative system to the existed ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) sphygmomanometer, we have developed ...
Sola J - - 2013
The clinical demand for technologies to monitor Blood Pressure (BP) in ambulatory scenarios with minimal use of inflation cuffs is strong: new generation of BP monitors are expected to be not only accurate, but also non-occlusive. In this paper we review recent advances on the use of the so-called Pulse ...
He Yabing - - 2013
A porous lanthanide-organic framework of a topology has been synthesized from a hexacarboxylate and structurally characterized, exhibiting significant potential for use in CO2-CH4-H2 separation (H2 purification) processes with high productivities and low regeneration costs when operating at high pressure and room temperature.
Mahfoud Felix - - 2013
Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) reduces office blood pressure (BP) in patients with resistant hypertension according to office BP. Less is known about the effect of RDN on 24-hour BP measured by ambulatory BP monitoring and correlates of response in individuals with true or pseudoresistant hypertension. A total of 346 ...
Sheng Yu-Cheng - - 2013
Aim:The conventional method for analyzing 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24-h ABPM) is insufficient to deal with the large amount of data collected. The aim of this study was to develop a novel cyclic fluctuation model for 24-h ABPM in Chinese patients with mild to moderate hypertension.Methods:The data were obtained ...
Imai Yutaka - - 2013
1. Ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring (M) provides BP information at many points on any particular day during unrestricted routine daily activities, whereas home blood pressure (HBP) monitoring provides a lot of BP information obtained under fixed times and conditions over a long period of time, thus mean values of ...
Masugata Hisashi - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the clinical significance of differences between home- and clinic-measured systolic blood pressure (SBP) in patients with treated hypertension, and to assess the correlations between SBPs and arterial stiffness. METHODS: Patients with treated hypertension measured their blood pressure (BP) themselves once, at home, in the morning (<1 h after ...
Filius A - - 2013
Health-care costs associated with pressure sores are significant and their financial burden is likely to increase even further. The aim of this study was to analyse the direct medical costs of hospital care for surgical treatment of pressure sores stage III and IV. We performed a retrospective chart study of ...
Wolak Talya - - 2013
The aim of this investigation was to find a time segment in which average blood pressure (BP) has the best correlation with 24-hour BP control. A total of 240 patients with full ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) were included; 120 had controlled BP (systolic BP [SBP] ≤135 mm Hg and diastolic BP ...
Gavish Benjamin - - 2013
The slope of the linear relationship between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) determined from 24-h ambulatory measurements incorporates clinical and prognostic information and is believed to reflect arterial properties. We evaluated the feasibility of determining a similar relationship using the gravity-induced brachial blood pressure (BP) variation ...
Engberg Aase Worsaa - - 2013
In Danish health care, secondary prevention after stroke is currently handled mainly by general practitioners using office blood pressure (OBP) assessment of hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare the OBP approach to 24-hour assessment by ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring. Furthermore, we aimed to record the degree ...
Ruilope Luis M - - 2013
Hypertension is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Lowering blood pressure (BP) reduces cardiovascular risk; yet despite the availability of numerous antihypertensives, the proportion of patients achieving BP control remains low. Treatment guidelines are based on evidence from clinical trials, however this evidence may not be representative of real-world ...
O'Callaghan Christopher James - - 2013
Although management of hypertension is a daily activity of primary care practitioners, it remains one of the most demanding areas of medicine. Reasons for this include the imprecision of blood pressure measurement, the complexity of assessing cardiovascular risk, and the need to use multiple agents to control blood pressure. This ...
Knights Antony M - - 2013
The marine environment is heavily exploited, but unintentional consequences cause wide-ranging negative effects to its characteristics. Linkage frameworks (e.g., DPSIR [driver-pressure-state-impact-response]) are commonly used to describe an interaction between human activities and ecological characteristics of the ecosystem, but as each linkage is viewed independently, the diversity of pressures that affect ...
Delgado Francisco José - - 2013
The effect of high-pressure treatment (400 or 600 MPa for 7 min) on microbiology, proteolysis, texture and sensory parameters was investigated in a mature raw goat milk cheese. At day 60 of analysis, Mesophilic aerobic, Enterobacteriaceae, lactic acid bacteria and Listeria spp. were inactivated after high-pressure treatment at 400 or 600 MPa. At ...
Sørensen Anne - - 2013
Pressure not only influences the yield in the synthesis of a two-station [2]rotaxane, it also determines the distribution of the co-conformational isomers. At high pressure cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) is preferentially assembled around a monopyrrolotetrathiafulvalene unit, while at low pressure it is preferentially assembled around a hydroquinone unit.
Nikolic S B - - 2013
Office blood pressure (BP) is recommended to be measured after 5 min of seated rest, but it may decrease for 10 min of seated rest. This study aimed to determine the change (and its clinical relevance) in brachial and central BP from 5 to 10 min of seated rest. Office brachial and central ...
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