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Elnagar Noha N Department of Planning for Drug Development and Clinical Evaluation, Tohoku University Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Science , Sendai , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Background/objective: Eplerenone is a highly selective aldosterone blocker, which has the potential to lower blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension. The objective of this study was to assess the hypotensive effects of low-dose eplerenone (25 mg) using home BP measurements. We also assessed the time required to reach 95% ...
Ohta Yuko Y Division of Hypertension and Nephrology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center , Suita, Osaka , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensives has improved in recent years; however, it remains insufficient. We investigated the trend of BP control status in hypertensive patients with antihypertensive medication and salt intake. Two hundred and eight treated hypertensive patients were prospectively followed between 2007 and 2012. During this period, ...
Daikuhara Hiroyuki H Department of Internal Medicine, Sakaide City Hospital, Kagawa, - - 2014
This open-label controlled study compared the therapeutic efficacy of three representative angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes attending a hospital outpatient clinic. The primary measure in this study was morning home blood pressure (BP). Two studies were done concurrently to investigate the effects of ...
Alwan Heba H Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), University Hospital of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
We investigated factors associated with masked and white-coat hypertension in a Swiss population-based sample. The Swiss Kidney Project on Genes in Hypertension is a family-based cross-sectional study. Office and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure were measured using validated devices. Masked hypertension was defined as office blood pressure<140/90 mmHg and daytime ambulatory ...
Santschi Valérie V Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, - - 2014
Control of blood pressure (BP) remains a major challenge in primary care. Innovative interventions to improve BP control are therefore needed. By updating and combining data from 2 previous systematic reviews, we assess the effect of pharmacist interventions on BP and identify potential determinants of heterogeneity. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Cortés-Hernández Dora E DE Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine and Center for Research and Development on Health Science, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo Leon, 64460 Monterrey, NL, Mexico ; Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPAZ, CIBER in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, - - 2014
This study shows that in Mexico, a country at an advanced stage in the epidemiologic transition, with the national burden of disease dominated by noncommunicable diseases, elevated blood pressure is a major clinical and public health problem. 31.7% of the Mexican individuals aged 50 and over had systolic hypertension, and ...
Ralston J D JD Group Health Research Institute 1730 Minor Ave , Suite 1600, Seattle, WA - - 2014
We evaluated the role of home monitoring, communication with pharmacists, medication intensification, medication adherence and lifestyle factors in contributing to the effectiveness of an intervention to improve blood pressure control in patients with uncontrolled essential hypertension. We performed a mediation analysis of a published randomized trial based on the Chronic ...
Sivakumaran Darshi D Thomas Addison Unit, St George's Hospital, London, - - 2014
Hypertension is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular, retinal, and kidney disease. In the past decade, attainment rates of treatment targets for blood pressure control in the UK and US have increased; however, <11% of adult men and women have achieved adequate blood pressure control. Technological advances in blood ...
Bramlage Peter P Institut für Pharmakologie und Präventive Medizin, Cloppenburg, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to validate the custo screen 400 ambulatory blood pressure-monitoring (ABPM) device according to the 2010 International Protocol revision of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH-IP). The device can be used for ABPM for up to 72 hours. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP ...
Li Baozhang B CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China. - - 2014
We have developed a highly sensitive flexible pressure sensor based on a piezopolymer and silver nanowires (AgNWs) composite. The composite nanofiber webs are made by electrospinning mixed solutions of poly(inylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and Ag NWs in a cosolvent mixture of dimethyl formamide and acetone. The diameter of the fibers ranges ...
Shum Kenny K Archimedes, San Francisco, California, United States of - - 2014
Russia faces a high burden of cardiovascular disease. Prevalence of all cardiovascular risk factors, especially hypertension, is high. Elevated blood pressure is generally poorly controlled and medication usage is suboptimal. With a disease-model simulation, we forecast how various treatment programs aimed at increasing blood pressure control would affect cardiovascular outcomes. ...
Kallem Radhakrishna R RR aDepartment of Medicine, Renal, Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine bDivision of Nephrology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
There are no data on the evaluation of blood pressure (BP) variability comparing two ambulatory blood pressure monitoring monitors worn at the same time. Hence, this study was carried out to compare variability of BP in healthy untreated adults using two ambulatory BP monitors worn at the same time over ...
Chuang Elizabeth E Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, - - 2013
Panel management is a system of care that targets groups of patients with similar needs to improve their quality of care. The purpose of this pilot was to determine whether panel management could improve blood pressure control in patients with previously uncontrolled hypertension and to explore how panel management can ...
Pandey Preetanshu - - 2013
Recent studies have shown the importance of monitoring microenvironmental conditions (temperature, relative humidity) experienced by the tablet bed during a pan coating process, thereby necessitating the need to understand how various process parameters influence these microenvironmental conditions. The process parameters studied in this work include exhaust air temperature, spray rate, ...
Ash Garrett I GI Department of Kinesiology & Human Performance Laboratory, University of Connecticut, StorrsConnecticut, United - - 2013
We tested the reproducibility of changes in the ambulatory blood pressure (BP) from the initial values, an indicator of BP reactivity and cardiovascular health outcomes, in young, healthy adults. The subjects wore an ambulatory BP monitor attached by the same investigator at the same time of day until the next ...
Kantarci Gülçin G Department of Nephrology, Yeditepe University Medical Faculty , Istanbul, - - 2013
Blood pressure measurement in the diagnosis and management of hypertension, including the technique required for ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and home blood pressure monitoring, will be reviewed in this article. Home and ambulatory measurements are widely used, both to confirm the diagnosis and to improve adherence to therapy. The major ...
Iannucci G G Departments of Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties; IBPM, National Council of Researches; Medical-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies; Pediatrics Department; Medical Therapy; Vascular Surgery "Paride Stefanini"; "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy. - - 2013
Blood pressure is an independent predictor of target organ damage (TOD). Recent data from literature suggest that TOD can be present also in pre-hypertensive subjects, diagnosed with pressure monitoring (PM). Aim of this study is to clarify whether an augmentation of the carotid Intima-Media Thickness (cIMT) in office prehypertensives is ...
Bai Jinfeng J Key Laboratory of Advanced Coal & Coking Technology, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051, China. Electronic address: - - 2013
Coking coals are the important raw materials for the iron and steel industries and play an important role on its sustainable development, especially on the stamp-charging coke making with the characteristics of increasing the bulk density. There is a significance on the reasonable usage of the coking coal resource with ...
Zhao Zhenning Z Key Laboratory of Advanced Coal & Coking Technology, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan Liaoning 114051, China. Electronic address: - - 2013
Long flame coal are abundant and widely distributed in China, but the resource utilization is quite low, the production efficiency is not high. Stamp-charging coke making technology can bend some long flame coal, which can reduce production cost and expand the coking coal resources. The long flame coal of different ...
Tocci Giuliano - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) control is poorly achieved in Western Countries, including Italy. Several interventions have been proposed at national and local level to improve BP control rate. This survey of the Italian Society of Hypertension (SIIA) is aimed at analysing the number and the distribution of reference centers and excellence ...
Heo Seung Jin - - 2013
We investigated the effects of high-pressure treatment on charge carrier transport in PbS colloidal quantum dot (CQD) solids. We applied high pressure to PbS CQD solids using nitrogen gas to reduce the inter-dot distance. Using this simple process, we obtained conductive PbS CQD solids. Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy was used to ...
Kingsley David H - - 2013
Investigation of the effects of pre-pressurization temperature on the high-pressure inactivation for single strains of aichivirus (AiV), coxsackievirus A9 (CAV9) and B5 (CBV5) viruses, as well as human parechovirus-1 (HPeV) was performed. For CAV9, an average 1.99 log10 greater inactivation was observed at 4 °C after a 400-MPa-5-min treatments compared to ...
Fudge Elizabeth B - - 2013
Background/Aims: Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with increased mortality due to cardiovascular disease and a dramatically higher rate of aortic dissection. The recognition and treatment of hypertension in this population is critical. We sought to assess the ability to detect blood pressure (BP) abnormalities comparing ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) ...
Waeber Bernard - - 2013
Hypertension resistant to lifestyle interventions and antihypertensive medications is a common problem encountered by physicians in everyday practice. It is most often defined as a blood pressure remaining ≥ 140/90 mmHg despite the regular intake of at least three drugs lowering blood pressure by different mechanisms, one of them being ...
Bramlage Peter P Institut für Pharmakologie und präventive Medizin, Mahlow, Cloppenburg, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the fixed-dose combination olmesartan/amlodipine 40/10 mg in patients with moderate essential hypertension not controlled on candesartan 32 mg. This was a prospective, single-arm, phase IV study. The primary endpoint was the change in mean daytime systolic blood pressure (BP). A total ...
Seo Won Hee - - 2013
Abstract A wearable ambulatory intravenous infusion device (AIVD) has been developed to facilitate the ambulation of patients. To enhance ambulation, a wearable AIVD was designed and a prototype was developed that consists of an air bag, a reciprocating air pump, a drip rate sensor, and a microprocessor-based controller. Using air ...
Poruthukaren Kurian John KJ Fr Muller Homoeopathic Medical College, Deralakatte, Mangalore, - - 2014
Viscum album, an infrequently used antihypertensive in homeopathy, is evaluated by 1-group pretest-posttest model in primary hypertension. The drug was administered for 12 weeks at a dosage of 10 drops 3 times a day. Using paired t test, a significant drop in blood pressure (P < .0001) and serum triglyceride ...
Stergiou George S - - 2013
Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurement using home BP (HBP) or ambulatory BP (ABP) monitoring is often necessary for the accurate evaluation of hypertension. These methods have several similarities but also have major differences. Therefore, they are regarded as complementary, and there is uncertainty on how they should be applied in ...
Barden Anne E - - 2013
The vasodilation accompanying acute alcohol ingestion is hard to reconcile with the strong evidence linking chronic alcohol consumption with hypertension. Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) eicosanoids derived from arachidonic acid include vasodilator epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) and the vasoconstrictor 20-hydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (20-HETE). This study aimed to examine the relationship between CYP450 eicosanoids and ...
Mels C M - - 2013
Globally the prevalence of non-communicable diseases, such as hypertension and type 2 diabetes, are escalating. Metabolomic studies indicated that circulating branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) are associated with insulin resistance, coronary artery disease and increased risk for cardiovascular events. We aimed to extend the current understanding of the cardiovascular risk ...
Kamide Kei K Department of Geriatric Medicine & Nephrology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan and Department of Health Sciences, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan and Research Institute, National Cerebro & Cardiovascular Research Center, Osaka, Japan and Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension & Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, - - 2013
Patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension in the HOMED-BP trial were randomly allocated to first-line treatment with a calcium channel blocker (CCB), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB). We recruited 265 (93 for CCB, 71 for ACEI and 101 for ARB) patients who completed the genomic study. ...
Liu Wenjin - - 2013
The two most commonly used strategies to evaluate dialysis patients' blood pressure (BP) level are 44-hour and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). The objective of this study was to find an appropriate 24-hour period that correlated well with the 44-hour BP level and determine the differences between these strategies. ...
Zhou Jin J National Engineering Laboratory for Clean Technology of Leather Manufacture, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, P. R. - - 2013
This study aimed at quantitatively evaluating the effectiveness of sheepskin mattress (SSM) in pressure relieving, and then variables of peak pressure (mmHg) (PP), average pressure (AP) and contact area (cm(2)) (CA) at the total, back, sacrum and heel regions of 18 students supinely lying in a control mattress (CM), standard ...
Martínez-Rodríguez Yamile - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of high hydrostatic pressure treatments on mycelial development, spore viability, and total proteolytic and lipolytic activity of Penicillium roqueforti PV-LYO 10 D. Fungus growing in liquid medium was pressure-treated at 300, 400, and 500MPa for 10min at 20°C following seven days of incubation at 25°C ...
Nasothimiou E G - - 2013
Patient's preference might influence compliance with antihypertensive treatment and thereby long-term blood pressure (BP) control. This study compared patients' preference in using ambulatory (ABPM) versus home BP monitoring (HBPM). Subjects referred for hypertension were evaluated with 24-h ABPM and 7-day HBPM. Participants filled a questionnaire including demographics and Likert scale ...
Yang Li-Bo - - 2013
The effect of osmotic pressure on erythritol and mannitol production by an osmophilic yeast strain of Yarrowia lipolytica CICC 1675 using glycerol as the sole carbon source was investigated. Appropriately high osmotic pressure was found to enhance erythritol production and inhibit mannitol formation. A novel two-stage osmotic pressure control fed-batch ...
Lee Scott A - - 2013
High-pressure Raman spectroscopy has been used to study the eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the vibrational modes of crystalline adenosine at 295 K by evaluating the logarithmic derivative of the vibrational frequency with respect to pressure: [Formula: see text]. Crystalline samples of molecular materials such as adenosine will have vibrational modes that ...
Gallego Blanca - - 2013
Severe hypertension (SHT) (Blood Pressure, BP >= 180/110 mmHg) is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality, yet little is known about how it is managed. The purpose of this study is to examine the management of SHT by Australian general practitioners (GPs) and to explore its variance across patient characteristics ...
Yoshida Hideaki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacies of valsartan and telmisartan as add-on agents for the control of morning blood pressure (BP) in patients already on amlodipine monotherapy. A total of 414 hypertensive patients were prospectively enrolled in a 4-week run-in period when they were treated with ...
Brothwell Shona - - 2013
Accurate blood pressure monitoring is critical for the management of chronic kidney disease, but changes in management in secondary care clinics may be based on a single blood pressure reading, with a subsequent lack of accuracy. The aim of this study was to evaluate a fully automated sphygmomanometer for optimising ...
Mozheyko Maria - - 2013
This prospective before-and-after survey of hypertensive patients visiting government-run outpatient health facilities in the Yaroslavl Region of Russia assessed blood pressure (BP)-related endpoints following initiation of a comprehensive health system improvement program for hypertension. Two cross-sectional surveys, one at baseline and the other approximately 1 year after program initiation, evaluated the ...
Sen Minoti - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The primary aim was to evaluate the effect on blood pressure (BP) levels of a previously developed pedagogically structured BP card introduced to patients with inadequately controlled hypertension in primary care. The evaluation was based on the results of a pilot study which is briefly presented. The aim ...
Hughes Joel W - - 2013
Objective Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is an increasingly popular practice demonstrated to alleviate stress and treat certain health conditions. MBSR may reduce elevated blood pressure (BP). Treatment guidelines recommend life-style modifications for BP in the prehypertensive range (systolic BP [SBP] 120-139 mm Hg or diastolic BP [DBP] 80-89 mm Hg), ...
Stankovich Joseph J - - 2013
Five methods were used to implement fast gradient separations: constant flow rate, constant column-wall temperature, constant inlet pressure at moderate and high pressures (controlled by a pressure controller), and programmed flow constant pressure. For programmed flow constant pressure, the flow rates and gradient compositions are controlled using input into the ...
Persu A - - 2013
We did a subject-level meta-analysis of the changes (Δ) in blood pressure (BP) observed 3 and 6 months after renal denervation (RDN) at 10 European centers. Recruited patients (n=109; 46.8% women; mean age 58.2 years) had essential hypertension confirmed by ambulatory BP. From baseline to 6 months, treatment score declined ...
Kim Joo-Hee - - 2013
Hypertension, a worldwide public health problem, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and kidney disease, and the medical and economic burden of hypertension is increasing. Auricular acupuncture has been used to treat various diseases, including hypertension. Several studies have shown that auricular acupuncture treatment decreases blood pressure in patients ...
Ohkubo Takayoshi - - 2013
Although two population-based studies have demonstrated the prognostic value of day-to-day home blood pressure (BP) variability, data are still limited. Thresholds of normality, target levels for treatment, and optimal number and times of home measurement needed for better assessment of day-to-day home BP variability also remain to be investigated. Although ...
Gopinath Bamini - - 2013
To establish whether time spent in sport-related physical activities and sedentary behaviors (e.g. TV viewing, videogame usage, and homework) was prospectively associated with change in blood pressure (BP) over 5 years. 821 students aged 6 years at baseline (397 girls and 424 boys) were examined from 2003-4 to 2009-11. Children ...
Zemmrich Claudia - - 2013
A direct switch of candesartan to the fixed-dose combination olmesartan/amlodipine in uncontrolled hypertension is a frequent clinical requirement but is not covered by current labeling. An open-label, prospective, single-arm phase IIIb study was performed in patients with 32 mg candesartan followed by olmesartan/amlodipine 40/10 mg. The primary endpoint was change in mean ...
Howard James P JP International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, , London, - - 2013
30 mm Hg drops in office systolic blood pressure are reported in trials of renal denervation, but ambulatory reductions are much smaller. This disparity is assumed to have a physiological basis and also be present with antihypertensive drugs. We examine this office-ambulatory discrepancy through meta-analysis of drug and denervation trials, ...
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