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Schwerg Marius M Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Campus Mitte Charité - Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, - - 2014
Although guidelines recommend ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM), few data are available regarding the effects of renal denervation (RDN) on 24-hour ABPM values. A total of 44 patients with mean systolic BP ≥135 mm Hg on ABPM despite adequate therapy were included. Basal systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) ...
Hosseininasab Masumeh M Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Self-monitoring is reported to have limited efficacy for hypertension management in high-income countries. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of self-monitoring on blood pressure (BP) control in an Iranian population. A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 196 mild to moderate hypertensive patients in an outpatient cardiovascular ...
Kario Kazuomi K Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, School of Medicine, Tochigi, - - 2014
The authors examined the effects of olmesartan-based treatment on clinic systolic blood pressure (CSBP) and morning home systolic blood pressure (HSBP) in 21,340 patients with masked hypertension (MH), white-coat hypertension (WCH), poorly controlled hypertension (PCH), and well-controlled hypertension (CH) using data from the Home Blood Pressure Measurement With Olmesartan Naive ...
Daga Subhashchandra S Department of Pediatrics, Maharashtra Institute of Medical Education and Research (MIMER) Medical College, Talegaon Dabhade, Pune 410507, - - 2014
Objective: To study the effectiveness of locally assembled low-cost version for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivery.Patients: Babies with respiratory distress from two contiguous periods, one with CPAP therapy and the other without, were compared for following parameters: birth weight, gestational age, severity of respiratory distress, as assessed by Silverman-Anderson ...
Sponton Carlos G CG - - 2014
The number of studies that have evaluated exercise training and NOS3 gene polymorphisms is scarce. The present study was designed to evaluate the relationship between exercise training (ET) and NOS3 polymorphisms at -786T>C, 894G>T and Intron 4 b/a on blood pressure, using 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), nitrate/nitrite ...
Zheng Ya-Li - - 2014
24-hour blood pressure (BP) has significant prognostic value for cardiovascular risk screening, but the present BP devices are mainly cuff-based, which are unsuitable for long-term BP measurement, especially during nighttime. In this paper, we developed an armband wearable pulse transit time (PTT) system for 24-hour cuff-less BP measurement and evaluated ...
Persu Alexandre A 1] Pole of Cardiovascular Research, Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium [2] Division of Cardiology, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, - - 2014
Resistant hypertension as defined by the European Society of Hypertension and American Heart Association is a blood pressure that remains uncontrolled despite concomitant intake of at least three antihypertensive drugs (one of them preferably being a diuretic) at full doses. This definition is still based on office rather than out-of-office ...
Jin Yu Y Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven , Leuven , - - 2014
The SYMPLICITY studies showed that renal denervation (RDN) is feasible as novel treatment for resistant hypertension. However, RDN is a costly and invasive procedure, the long-term efficacy and safety of which has not yet been proven. Therefore, we designed the INSPiRED trial to compare the blood pressure lowering efficacy and ...
O'Neill Jessica L JL Department of Ambulatory Care, Veterans Affairs (VA) Ann Arbor Healthcare System, 2215 Fuller Road, Ann Arbor, MI, 48105, USA, - - 2014
Clinical Pharmacy Specialists (CPSs) and Registered Nurses (RNs) are integrally involved in the Patient Aligned Care Teams (PACT) model, especially as physician extenders in the management of chronic disease states. CPSs may be an alternative to physicians as a supporting prescriber for RN case management (RNCM) of poorly controlled hypertension. ...
Norcliffe-Kaufmann Lucy L Department of Neurology, Dysautonomia Research Center, New York University, New York, NY, 10016, USA, - - 2014
Management of blood pressure (BP) abnormalities in patients with autonomic failure is usually based on office BP readings. It is uncertain, whether office readings reflect actual BPs during a typical day. Therefore, in 45 patients with autonomic failure, we compared office BP values during a tilt test with those captured ...
Rakugi Hiromi H aDepartment of Geriatric Medicine and Nephrology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine bDrug Development Division, Pharmaceutical Development Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Osaka cDepartment of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi-ken, - - 2014
Morning blood pressure (BP) surge is reported as a risk factor for cardiovascular events and end-organ damage independent of the 24-h BP level. Controlling morning BP surge is therefore important to help prevent onset of cardiovascular disease. We compared the efficacy of azilsartan and candesartan in controlling morning systolic BP ...
Gillespie Brigid M BM NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Nursing, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
A pressure ulcer (PU), also referred to as a 'pressure injury', 'pressure sore', or 'bedsore' is defined as an area of localised tissue damage that is caused by unrelieved pressure, friction or shearing forces on any part of the body. PUs commonly occur in patients who are elderly and less ...
Lambert Thomas T Cardiovascular Division, Linz General Hospital, Linz, - - 2014
The sympathetic nervous system is an important factor in hypertension. In patients suffering from resistant hypertension, transfemoral renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) reduces office blood pressure (BP) values. Ambulatory BP measurement (ABPM) is a better predictor than office BP of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We thus believe that ABPM should be ...
Angeli Fabio F Division of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Pathophysiology, University Hospital "S.M. della Misericordia", Perugia, - - 2014
Accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement is essential for the diagnosis, monitoring and management of hypertension. However, conventional office-based BP readings have several limitations that include a low reproducibility, the white-coat effect and the existence of masked hypertension. These limitations can be addressed through the use of ambulatory BP monitoring. Because ...
Santoro Carlo C Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA; C2E2 - Center for Clean Energy Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA; Department of Chemical & Nuclear Engineering, Center for Emerging Energy Technologies, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, - - 2014
Activated carbon (AC) is employed as a cost-effective catalyst for cathodic oxygen reduction in microbial fuel cells (MFC). The fabrication protocols of AC-based cathodes are conducted at different applied pressures (175-3500psi) and treatment temperatures (25-343°C). The effects of those parameters along with changes in the surface morphology and chemistry on ...
Bernabe-Ortiz Antonio - - 2014
Controlling hypertension rates and maintaining normal blood pressure, particularly in resource-constrained settings, represent ongoing challenges of effective and affordable implementation in health care. One of the strategies being largely advocated to improve high blood pressure calls for salt reduction strategies. This study aims to estimate the impact of a population-level ...
Sardella Chiara C Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Endocrinology Section, University of Pisa, 56124, Pisa, - - 2014
Control of acromegaly may ameliorate blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients. We evaluated the impact of acromegaly control on BP values of normotensive acromegalics. Retrospective cohort study. Fifty-eight naïve patients with acromegaly (39 F; age range, 30-69 years), including 28 normotensive (NT) and 30 hypertensive (HT) subjects, participated in the ...
Kario Kazuomi K aDivision of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine bDepartment of Sleep and Circadian Cardiology, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, - - 2014
The ACS1 (Azilsartan Circadian and Sleep Pressure - the first study) is a multicenter, randomized, open-label, two parallel-group study carried out to investigate the efficacy of an 8-week oral treatment with azilsartan 20 mg in comparison with amlodipine 5 mg. The patients with stage I or II primary hypertension will ...
Schultz M G MG Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, - - 2014
High-altitude hypoxia causes major cardiovascular changes, which may result in raised resting brachial blood pressure (BP). However, the effect of high-altitude hypoxia on more sensitive measures of BP control (such as 24 h ambulatory BP and resting central BP) is largely unknown. This study aimed to assess this and compare high-altitude ...
Sorlie Paul D PD Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
The prevention and control of hypertension is an essential component for reducing the burden of cardiovascular diseases. Here we describe the prevalence of hypertension in diverse Hispanic/Latino background groups and describe the proportion who are aware of their diagnosis, receiving treatment, and having their hypertension under control. The Hispanic Community ...
Domenegueti J F M - - 2014
A low-cost humidity and pressure optical sensor, based on the internal reflection phenomenon, is presented. It takes advantage of the phase difference acquired by s- and p-polarized light undergoing internal reflection to generate an easily detectable minimum in the reflected profile, in a position corresponding to the critical angle. The ...
Wong Benjamin T BT Department of Intensive Care, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. - - 2014
Blood pressure management (assessed using nursing charts) in the early phase of septic shock may have an effect on renal outcomes. Assessment of mean arterial pressure (MAP) values as recorded on nursing charts may be inaccurate. To determine the difference between hourly blood pressure values as recorded on the nursing ...
Badeli Hamidreza H Pediatrics Growth Disorders Research Center, 17 Shahrivar Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, - - 2014
Errors in blood pressure (BP) measurement are common in the clinical practice. Inaccurate measurements of BP may lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment of hypertension. The preferred method of BP measurement in the clinical setting is auscultation, using the first and the fifth Korotkoff sounds. However, the use of mercury ...
Peacock J J Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2014
'Masked hypertension' is defined as having non-elevated clinic blood pressure (BP) with elevated out-of-clinic average BP, typically determined by ambulatory BP monitoring. Approximately 15-30% of adults with non-elevated clinic BP have masked hypertension. Masked hypertension is associated with increased risks of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality compared with sustained normotension (non-elevated ...
Karpettas Nikos N Hypertension Center, Third University Department of Medicine, Sotiria Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Cross-sectional studies have shown that ambulatory and home blood pressure (ABP and HBP, respectively) measurements are more closely associated with preclinical organ damage than are office measurements. This study investigated the association between treatment-induced changes in BP assessed by the three methods and the corresponding changes in organ damage. Untreated ...
Cirugeda-Roldán E M EM Technological Institute of Informatics (ITI), Polytechnic University of Valencia, Campus Alcoi (EPSA-UPV), Plaza Ferrándiz y Carbonell, 2, 03801 Alcoi, - - 2014
This paper describes a new method to optimize the computation of the quadratic sample entropy (QSE) metric. The objective is to enhance its segmentation capability between pathological and healthy subjects for short and unevenly sampled biomedical records, like those obtained using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). In ABPM, blood pressure ...
Boivin Jean-Marc JM Lorraine University, Nancy, - - 2014
Home blood pressure measurement (HBPM) is recommended for the diagnosis and follow-up of hypertensive patients. While measurement protocols emphasize a rest period before taking the measurement, this directive has not been supported by any specific study to date. This analysis aimed to determine whether the respect or nonrespect of rest ...
Hendriks Marleen E ME Department of Global Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Hypertension is a major public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa, but the lack of affordable treatment and the poor quality of health care compromise antihypertensive treatment coverage and outcomes. OBJECTIVE To report the effect of a community-based health insurance (CBHI) program on blood pressure in adults with hypertension in ...
Cohen Debbie L DL Renal, Electrolyte and Hypertension Division, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypertension is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the prevalence increases with declining kidney function. Hypertension management is particularly important due to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke in the CKD population. Most clinical decisions for blood pressure (BP) management are based on BP readings ...
Piedrahíta-Aguirre C A CA Department of Food Engineering, College of Food Engineering, State University of Campinas, P.O. Box 6121, Campinas, SP, 13083-862, Brazil, - - 2014
The strain Bacillus iso 1 co-produces the lipopeptide iturin A and biopolymer poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) in solid-state fermentation of substrate consisting of soybean meal, wheat bran with rice husks as an inert support. The effects of pressure drop, oxygen consumption, medium permeability and temperature profile were studied in an aerated ...
Palatini Paolo P Department of Medicine, University of Padova, via Giustiniani 2, 35128, Padua, Italy, - - 2014
A number of studies have shown that masked hypertension (MH) confers an increased risk of target organ damage and of cardiovascular events suggesting that patients with MH would benefit from antihypertensive treatment. However, there is no general agreement about how this condition should be diagnosed. Although ambulatory blood pressure monitoring ...
Gong Shu S 1] Department of Chemical Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia [2] The Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication, 151 Wellington Road, Clayton, Victoria 3800, - - 2014
Ultrathin gold nanowires are mechanically flexible yet robust, which are novel building blocks with potential applications in future wearable optoelectronic devices. Here we report an efficient, low-cost fabrication strategy to construct a highly sensitive, flexible pressure sensor by sandwiching ultrathin gold nanowire-impregnated tissue paper between two thin polydimethylsiloxane sheets. The ...
Hermida Ramón C RC Bioengineering & Chronobiology Laboratories, University of Vigo, Campus Universitario, Vigo, Spain, - - 2014
Correlation between blood pressure (BP) target organ damage, cardiovascular risk, and long-term prognosis is greater for ambulatory monitored (ABPM) than daytime in-clinic measurements. Additionally, consistent evidence of numerous studies substantiates the ABPM-determined asleep BP mean is an independent and stronger predictor of risk and incidence of end-organ injury and cardiovascular ...
Andreadis E A EA Third Department of Internal Medicine, Evangelismos General Hospital, Athens, Greece - - - 2014
Aim: Aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of two renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in arterial stiffness reduction in previously untreated hypertensive patients. Methods: In this open label study, 154 naïve, or not treated in the last six months hypertensive patients were randomly assigned to receive aliskiren 300 ...
Punzi Henry A HA Trinity Hypertension and Metabolic Research Institute, Punzi Medical Center, 1932 Walnut Plaza, Carrollton, TX 75006, - - 2014
To assess the efficacy and safety of once daily olmesartan medoxomil (OM)/amlodipine besylate (AM)/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 40/10/25 mg in patients with hypertension not at goal with mono, dual or triple drug therapy. This was a single-center, prospective, open-label, blinded-endpoint study. After a 1-week screening visit, 40 patients were enrolled into the ...
Myers Martin G MG Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Department of Medicine, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5. - - 2014
To provide FPs with detailed knowledge of automated office blood pressure (AOBP) measurement, its potential role in primary care, and its proper use in the diagnosis and management of hypertension. Comprehensive monitoring and collection of scientific articles on AOBP by the authors since its introduction. Automated office blood pressure measurement ...
Maeda Kouji K Department of Mechanical and Systems Engineering, University of Hyogo, Himeji, Hyogo, Japan. - - 2014
Lead-acid batteries were electrically charged and discharged more quickly under high pressures than under atmospheric pressure due to high-pressure crystallization induced by the former condition. High-pressure crystallization can generate extremely small crystals with large supersaturation and small mass transfer rates. Crystals of PbSO4 on the electrodes were observed by scanning ...
Byrd James B JB Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) offers advantages over clinic blood pressure measurement. Supporting the arm at the level of the right atrium has long been standard in clinic blood pressure measurement. In contrast, there is no consensus regarding arm position in the guidelines addressing ABPM. Research studies have used a ...
Iuchi Terumi T Department of Clinical Nursing, Division of Health Sciences, Graduate Course of Nursing Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, - - 2014
Bed sheets generate high surface tension across the support surface and increase pressure to the body through a process known as the hammock effect. Using an anatomical model and a loading device characterized by extreme bony prominences, the present study compared pressure distributions on support surfaces across different bed making ...
Gómez García Maria Teresa MT Servicio de Neumología, Respiratory Research Group-CIBERES, IIS Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulse transit time (PTT) is the time that a pulse wave takes to travel between two different arterial points, and may be useful in estimating blood pressure. This noninvasive technique, which does not add any cost to the procedure, offers the advantage of avoiding 'arousals' during sleep measurement as occurs ...
Kario Kazuomi K Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, - - 2014
LCZ696 (Japanese adopted name: sucabitril valsartan sodium hydrate), a first-in-class angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor, concomitantly inhibits neprilysin and blocks angiotensin type 1 receptor. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the first in Asia for this drug, evaluated the dose-related efficacy and safety of LCZ696 in patients with hypertension using 24-hour ambulatory ...
Völz Sebastian S Department of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital , 4 Bruna stråket, 41345 Gothenburg , - - 2014
We investigated the effect of renal denervation on office blood pressure (OBP) and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurement (ABPM) at baseline and 6 months after intervention in 25 consecutive patients with resistant hypertension. Mean baseline 24-h ABPM and OBP were 158/88 mmHg and 169/96 mmHg, respectively. Patients were treated ...
Tomasula P M PM Dairy and Functional Foods Research Unit, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 E. Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of high-hydrostatic-pressure processing (HPP) on the survival of a 5-strain rifampicin-resistant cocktail of Listeria monocytogenes in Queso Fresco (QF) was evaluated as a postpackaging intervention. Queso Fresco was made using pasteurized, homogenized milk, and was starter-free and not pressed. In phase 1, QF slices (12.7 × 7.6 × ...
Zhao Xiaoyi X Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College - - 2014
Few prospective studies have assessed the blood pressure effect of extremely high air pollution encountered in Asia's megacities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between combustion-related air pollution with ambulatory blood pressure and autonomic function. During February to July 2012, personal black carbon was determined for ...
Cheng Mei M School of Nursing, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China; School of Nursing, Binzhou Medical University, Binzhou, - - 2014
To explore the effect of continuous nursing intervention guided by chronotherapeutics so as to provide the easy, noninvasive, effective and acceptable intervention for older hypertensive patients in the community. Many researchers studied the effect of administration at different times on blood pressure control and circadian rhythm. However, the individual administrative ...
Mennini F S FS Economic Evaluation and HTA (EEHTA), CEIS, Faculty of Economics, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Via Columbia 2, 00133, Rome, - - 2014
The financial burden for EU health systems associated with cardiovascular disease (CV) has been estimated to be nearly <euro>110 billion in 2006, corresponding to 10 % of total healthcare expenditure across EU or a mean <euro>223 annual cost per capita. The main purpose of this study is to estimate the costs ...
Myers Martin G MG Division of Cardiology, Schulich Heart Program, Sunnybrook Health Sciences, Toronto, ON, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Factors related to the physician/nurse and patient and their interaction are potential sources of error in manual office blood pressure (MOBP). The use of automated sphygmomanometers to record blood pressure (BP) with the patient alone reduces measurement error and minimizes anxiety-related increases in BP, thus eliminating the "white-coat" response. Comparative ...
Ishikawa Joji - - 2014
Night-time blood pressure (BP) is strongly associated with hypertensive target organ damage; however, no previous studies have compared home BP monitor measurements of the reduction in night-time BP induced by antihypertensive medications with those obtained with ambulatory BP monitors. As part of the Japan Morning Surge-Target Organ Protection study, in ...
Yamakoshi Takehiro - - 2014
We explored the potential of health screening based on the long-term measurement of cardiovascular parameters using the finger volume-oscillometric technique. An automated instrument made simultaneous measurements of key cardiovascular parameters, including blood pressure, pulse pressure, heart rate, normalized pulse volume as an index of α-adrenalin-mediated sympathetic activity, and finger arterial ...
Caulfield Mark M Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United - - 2014
In a Perspective, Mark Caulfield discusses potential implications of using home blood pressure monitoring for diagnosis and treatment of hypertension. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.
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