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Cezo James D JD Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, 427 UCB, 1111 Engineering Drive, Boulder, CO, 80309-0427, USA, - - 2014
Harvested biological tissue is a common medium for surgical device assessment in a laboratory setting; this study aims to differentiate between surgical device performance in the clinical and laboratory environments prior to and following tissue storage. Vascular tissue fusion devices are sensitive to tissue-device temperature gradients, tissue pre-stretch in vivo ...
Klein S M SM Center of Plastic-, Hand- and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, - - 2014
Grafting of autologous lipoaspirate for various clinical applications has become a common procedure in clinical practice. With an estimated mortality rate of 10-15 percent fat embolism is among the most severe complications to be expected after these lipofilling therapies. The aim of this study was to determine the level of ...
Ozsun Ozgur O Department of Mechanical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA, - - 2014
This study describes a non-invasive method for mapping interstitial fluid pressure within hydrogel-based microscale tissues. The method is based on embedding (or forming) a tissue within a silicone (PDMS) microfluidic device, and measuring the extremely slight displacement (<1 μm) of the PDMS optically when the device is pressurized under static ...
Adelman Cahtia - - 2014
Abstract Soft tissue conduction (STC) is a recently expounded mode of auditory stimulation in which the clinical bone vibrator delivers auditory frequency vibratory stimuli to skin sites on the head, neck, and thorax. Investigation of the mechanism of STC stimulation has served as a platform for the elucidation of the ...
Miller Stephannie K SK Akron General Medical Center, Wound Center, Akron, OH; email: - - 2014
Prolonged, unrelieved pressure is a major risk factor for pressure ulceration, and interface tissue pressures have been shown to be very high when a person is sitting. Using convenience sampling methods, 23 healthy participants (four men, 19 women, mean age 45 years, body mass index [BMI] range 20-45) participated in ...
Maejima Daisuke D 1 Department of Medical Physiology, College of Medicine, Texas A&M University Health Science Center , Temple, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Until now, there has been no tool available to provide lymphatic researchers the ability to perform experiments in tissue explants containing lymphatic vessels under tissue position- and lymphatic lumen-controlled conditions. In this article we provide technical details and description of the method of using the newly developed and ...
Di Caprio Giovanni G From the *Department of Morphofunctional Rehabilitation in Plastic Surgery, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation (IRCCS), Telese, Italy; and †Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Second University of Naples, Naples, - - 2014
Because the ischial region is the main weight-bearing area in sitting, it is one of the areas most frequently affected by pressure ulcers in paraplegic patients resuming the sitting position during the subacute and chronic stages. The techniques described to date have not been able to reduce the high rates ...
Myrttinen A A GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Schlossgarten 5, 91054, Erlangen, - - 2014
Literature data on experimentally derived equilibrium stable carbon isotope fractionation (10(3) lnα(13) C) between H2 CO3 (*) (H2 CO3  + CO2(aq) ) and gaseous CO2 (CO2(g) ) are so far only available up to 60 °C and were typically determined at or near atmospheric pressures. Here we experimentally expand this dataset to ...
Gagnon Daniel D Institute for Exercise and Environmental - - 2014
Facial pallor is commonly observed at pre-syncope in humans, suggestive of reductions in facial skin blood flow (SkBF). Yet, cutaneous vasoconstriction is usually minimal at pre-syncope when measured at the forearm. We tested the hypothesis that reductions in forehead SkBF at pre-syncope are greater than in the forearm. Forehead and ...
Yoshida Hiroshi H Division of Chemical Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628, Japan. - - 2014
The catalytic hydrogenation of 2,4-dinitroaniline using a 0.5 wt% Pt/TiO2 catalyst was investigated in a multiphase medium of tetrahydrofuran (THF) pressurized by CO2 at different pressures and at 323 K. When CO2 pressure was increased, the overall rate of hydrogenation simply decreased but the selectivity to the desired product of ...
Kubis Christoph C Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse e.V. Universität Rostock, Albert-Einstein-Str. 29a, 18059 Rostock (Germany), Fax: - - 2014
The influence of carbon monoxide concentration on the kinetics of the hydroformylation of 3,3-dimethyl-1-butene with a phosphite-modified rhodium catalyst has been studied for the pressure range p(CO)=0.20-3.83 MPa. Highly resolved time-dependent concentration profiles of the organometallic intermediates were derived from IR spectroscopic data collected in situ for the entire olefin-conversion range. ...
Kawabata Masashi M Rehabilitation Center, Sagamihara Kyodo Hospital, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, - - 2014
Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and breathing behaviour are important preparative pre-lifting actions for functional stability during lifting. This study aimed to examine spontaneous changes in the peak rate of IAP development (Rate-IAP), peak IAP (Peak-IAP), the time of Rate- and Peak-IAP occurrence and respiratory volume in response to dynamic load lifting. ...
Källman Ulrika U Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden Department of Dermatology, Södra Älvsborgs Sjukhus, Borås, Sweden - - 2014
Although repositioning is considered an important intervention to prevent pressure ulcers, tissue response during loading in different lying positions has not been adequately explored. To compare the effects of different lying positions on interface pressure, skin temperature, and tissue blood flow in nursing home residents. From May 2011 to August ...
Mallepally Rajendar R RR Department of Chemical and Life Science Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Biocompatible and biodegradable porous materials based on silk fibroin, a natural protein derived from the Bombyx mori silkworm, are being extensively investigated for use in biomedical applications including mammalian cell bioprocessing, tissue engineering, and drug delivery applications. In this work, low-pressure, gaseous CO2 is used as an acidifying agent to ...
Bercha Artem A Institute of High Pressure Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sokolowska 29/37, 01-142 Warsaw, - - 2014
Wavelength tuning of infrared laser diodes in the high-hydrostatic pressure setup is demonstrated and its reliability is discussed in detail. Major reliability issues concern the photochemical reactions on the laser facet and the presence of strong absorption bands above 1650 nm in typical pressure liquids that do not undergo phase ...
Vo Huy Thanh HT Faculty of Engineering, Yamaguchi University, 2-16-1 Tokiwadai, Yamaguchi 755-8611, Japan; Faculty of Urban Engineering, Central University of Construction, Tuy Hoa, Phu Yen, 56000, Vietnam. Electronic address: - - 2014
The inactivation effects of pressurized CO2 against bacteriophage Qβ and ΦX174 were investigated under the pressure of 0.3-0.9 MPa, initial concentration of 10(7)-10(9) PFU/mL, and temperature of 17.8°C-27.2°C. The optimum conditions were found to be 0.7 MPa and an exposure time of 25 min. Under identical treatment conditions, a greater ...
Damestani Yasaman Y Department of Bioengineering, University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California, - - 2014
Optical clearing agents (OCAs) have shown promise for increasing the penetration depth of biomedical lasers by temporarily decreasing optical scattering within the skin. However, their translation to the clinic has been constrained by lack of practical means for effectively perfusing OCA within target tissues in vivo. The objective of this ...
White Joshua A JA Atmospheric, Earth, and Energy Division and - - 2014
Almost 4 million metric tons of CO2 were injected at the In Salah CO2 storage site between 2004 and 2011. Storage integrity at the site is provided by a 950-m-thick caprock that sits above the injection interval. This caprock consists of a number of low-permeability units that work together to ...
Luboz Vincent V UJF-Grenoble1/CNRS/TIMC-IMAG UMR 5525, Grenoble F-38041, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
With 300,000 paraplegic persons only in France, ischial pressure ulcers represent a major public health issue. They result from the buttocks׳ soft tissues compression by the bony prominences. Unfortunately, the current clinical techniques, with - in the best case - embedded pressure sensor mats, are insufficient to prevent them because ...
Cardini G G Dipartimento di Chimica, Universita' di Firenze, Polo Scientifico di Sesto Fiorentino - Via della Lastruccia 3, Sesto Fiorentino (Firenze) 50019, - - 2014
The purpose of this comment is to point out that for a really rigorous treatment of the Fermi resonance in crystalline CO2 it is necessary to go beyond a single molecule approach and to fully consider solid state effects.
Kairinos Nicolas N Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South - - 2014
Recent studies, using modalities other than laser Doppler, have indicated that perfusion during negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is reduced, contrary to world literature. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the measuring technique of the laser Doppler could be influenced by the compressive nature of NPWT dressings ...
El Sayed Salah Mohamed SM Department of Medical Biochemistry, Sohag Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt; Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Taibah Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Iron overload is a big challenge when treating thalassemia (TM), hemochromatosis and sideroblastic anemia. It persists even after cure of TM with bone marrow transplantation. Iron overload results from increased iron absorption and repeated blood transfusions causing increased iron in plasma and interstitial fluids. Iron deposition in tissues e.g. heart, ...
Bosman Joyce J Physiotherapist and Oedematherapist, Medisch Centrum Zuid, Groningen, the - - 2014
Lymphtaping is recognised to be a promising method for use in the management of lymphoedema. This article gives an overview of the concept of lymphtaping and the relevant literature. Several methods of action are described about lymphtaping: increasing pressure differences within lymph vessels; lifting the skin (inducing opening of initial ...
Pasquier Louis-César - - 2014
Mineral carbonation is known as one of the safest ways to sequester CO2. Nevertheless, the slow kinetics and low carbonation rates constitute a major barrier for any possible industrial application. To date, no studies have focused on reacting such material with a relatively low partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) close ...
Canestrari Daniela D Department of Biology of Organisms and Systems, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, - - 2014
Avian brood parasites lay eggs in the nests of other birds, which raise the unrelated chicks and typically suffer partial or complete loss of their own brood. However, carrion crows Corvus corone corone can benefit from parasitism by the great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius. Parasitized nests have lower rates of ...
Torres Mark A MA Department of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, - - 2014
The observed stability of Earth's climate over millions of years is thought to depend on the rate of carbon dioxide (CO2) release from the solid Earth being balanced by the rate of CO2 consumption by silicate weathering. During the Cenozoic era, spanning approximately the past 66 million years, the concurrent ...
Toussaint Marie - - 2014
The management of dissolved and headspace gases during bottling and the choice of packaging are both key factors for the shelf-life of wine. Two kinds of 75 cl polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles (with or without recycled PET) were compared to glass bottles filled with a rosé wine, closed with the ...
Wang Mao Hua MH Dept. of Horticultural Science, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chungnam Natl. Univ., Deajeon, 305-764, South - - 2014
Postharvest treatment with high-pressure CO2 helps to control decay and increase firmness in strawberries. Increases in firmness occurred through modification of calcium binding to cell wall. However, the mechanism(s) involved in Ca(2+) migration to pectic polymers and other physiological events associated with the maintenance of increased firmness are not clearly ...
Studt Felix F SUNCAT Center for Interface Science and Catalysis, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, California 94025, - - 2014
The use of methanol as a fuel and chemical feedstock could become very important in the development of a more sustainable society if methanol could be efficiently obtained from the direct reduction of CO2 using solar-generated hydrogen. If hydrogen production is to be decentralized, small-scale CO2 reduction devices are required ...
Fu Zhi-Xuan ZX *Department of Ophthalmology, Putuo Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China; and †Liqun Hospital, Putuo District, Shanghai, - - 2014
Eyelid tension seems to be related to corneal astigmatism and to affect the ocular surface. The aim of this study is to determine the lower eyelid tension in young adults with a simple lid tensiometer. A commercially available precision digital pressure gauge that was connected to a pressure-guided tube full ...
Yehud Lior Ben - - 2014
CF<sub>4</sub> gas has a relatively high Raman cross section and a relatively small Raman shift and is an excellent candidate for a gas-filled hollow-core photonic bandgap (HC-PBG) fiber Raman wavelength converter. Here we investigate experimentally the onset and competition between stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) processes ...
Lee Bernard B Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2014
The primary purpose of this feasibility study was to establish a correlation between pro-inflammatory cytokine accumulation and severity of tissue damage during local pressure with various temperatures. The secondary purpose was to compare skin blood flow patterns for assessing the efficacy of local cooling on reducing skin ischemia under surface ...
Gadikota Greeshma G Department of Chemical Engineering, Columbia University in the City of New York, New York, NY 10027, - - 2014
The increasing concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere are attributed to the rising consumption of fossil fuels for energy generation around the world. One of the most stable and environmentally benign methods of reducing atmospheric CO2 is by storing it as thermodynamically stable carbonate minerals. Olivine ((Mg,Fe)2SiO4) is an abundant ...
Bruning R S RS Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania - - 2014
Essential hypertensive humans exhibit attenuated cutaneous nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasodilation. Using spectral analysis (fast Fourier transformation) we aimed to characterize the skin flowmotion contained in the laser-Doppler flowmetry recordings during local heating-induced vasodilation before and after concurrent pharmacological inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in hypertensive and age-matched normotensive men ...
Pan Lijia L 1] Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Photonic and Electronic Materials, School of Electronic Science and Engineering, National Center of Microstructures and Quantum Manipulation, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China [2] Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA - - 2014
Pressure sensing is an important function of electronic skin devices. The development of pressure sensors that can mimic and surpass the subtle pressure sensing properties of natural skin requires the rational design of materials and devices. Here we present an ultra-sensitive resistive pressure sensor based on an elastic, microstructured conducting ...
Kashima Hideaki H Department of Exercise Science and Physiology, School of Health Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 1-1-71 Ujina-higashi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8558, - - 2014
To examine whether various types of taste stimuli in the oral cavity elicit unique changes in facial skin blood flow (SkBF) according to the palatability perceived by an individual, the facial SkBF was observed by laser speckle flowgraphy in 15 healthy subjects (11 males and 4 females) before and during ...
Mohammad Haniff Muhammad Aniq Shazni MA Nanoelectronics Lab, MIMOS Berhad, Technology Park Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia. - - 2014
This paper presents a functionalized, horizontally oriented carbon nanotube network as a sensing element to enhance the sensitivity of a pressure sensor. The synthesis of horizontally oriented nanotubes from the AuFe catalyst and their deposition onto a mechanically flexible substrate via transfer printing are studied. Nanotube formation on thermally oxidized ...
Asadamongkol Bralipisut - - 2014
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), a therapy that have patients breath in pure oxygen in a pressurized chamber, has been long used as a treatment for conditions such as decompression sickness and carbon monoxide poisoning. Oxygen recently has been found to be an important component in skin rejuvenation, treatment of photoaging ...
Wang Liguo L National Engineering Research Center for Coal & Gas Control, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China ; College of Safety Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, - - 2014
ECBM displacement experiments are a direct way to observe the gas displacement process and efficiency by inspecting the produced gas composition and flow rate. We conducted two sets of ECBM experiments by injecting N2 and CO2 through four large parallel specimens (300 × 50 × 50 mm coal briquette). N2 or ...
Zhang Jie J College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xi'an Shiyou University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710065, People's Republic of - - 2014
Methanol has become an alternative fuel for gasoline, which is facing a rapidly rising world demand with a limited oil supply. Methanol-gasoline has been used in China, but phase stability and vapor lock still need to be resolved in methanol-gasoline applications. In this paper, a series of tartaric esters were ...
Jiang Zhongqing Z School of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, - - 2014
Recent studies suggest an advantage in the recognition of dynamic over static facial expressions of emotion. Here, we explored the differences in the processing of static and dynamic faces under condition of time pressure. A group of 18 participants classified static and dynamic facial expressions (angry, happy, and neutral). In ...
Szumski Michał M Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Environmental Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Gagarina 7, 87-100 Toruń, - - 2014
Monolithic polymeric beds were synthesized in fused silica capillaries using either trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate (TRIM) or a mixture of butyl methacrylate (BMA) with ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA) as monomers. Carbon dioxide at temperature and pressure conditions above its critical values was used as a porogen solvent. The purpose of using the ...
Zhao Qiuyun Q School of Biomedical Engineering, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China Beijing Key Laboratory of Fundamental Research on Biomechanics in Clinical Application, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine shape the changes of the lamina cribrosa (LC) under different intraocular pressures (IOPs) with different periods. Images of the optic nerve head were obtained using enhanced depth imaging spectral domain optical coherence tomography (EDI SD-OCT). After an initial scan of the IOP ...
Harris Eliza Jean - - 2013
Nitrous oxide is an important greenhouse gas and ozone depleting-substance. Its sources are diffuse and poorly characterised, complicating efforts to understand anthropogenic impacts and develop mitigation policies. Online, spectroscopic analysis of N2O isotopic composition can provide continuous measurements at high time resolution, giving new insight into N2O sources, sinks and ...
Frerichs Janin - - 2013
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is currently under debate as large-scale solution to reduce the emissions of the greenhouse gas CO2. Depleted gas or oil reservoirs and saline aquifers are considered as suitable reservoirs providing sufficient storage capacity. We investigated the direct influence of high CO2 concentrations on the indigenous ...
Moritaka Hatsue - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the influence of carbonated drinks with gas volumes (GV) of 0, 1.5, and 2.7 on linguapalatal swallowing pressure, intraoral carbonation perception, and maximum velocity of a bolus through the pharynx in healthy volunteers (N = 20, all female, age range; 20-21 years). The volunteers swallowed ...
Stone Daniel - - 2013
Kinetics of CH2OO Criegee intermediate reactions with SO2, NO2, NO, H2O and CH3CHO and CH2I radical reactions with NO2 are reported as a function of pressure at 295 K. Measurements were made under pseudo-first-order conditions using flash photolysis of CH2I2-O2-N2 gas mixtures in the presence of excess co-reagent combined with ...
Levine Jonathan S - - 2013
To mitigate anthropogenically-induced climate change and ocean acidification, net carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere must be reduced. One proposed option is underground CO2 disposal. Large-scale injection of CO2 into the Earth's crust requires an understanding of the multiphase flow properties of high-pressure CO2 displacing brine. We present laboratory-scale core ...
Cai Tingdong - - 2013
Tunable diode laser absorption measurements of pressure and H<sub>2</sub>O concentration in the headspace of vials using a distributed-feedback (DFB) diode laser near 1.4 μm are reported. A H<sub>2</sub>O line located near 7161.41  cm<sup>-1</sup> is selected based on its strong absorption strength and isolation from interference of neighboring transitions. Direct absorption spectra of ...
Owen Rhodri E - - 2013
A series of cobalt heterogeneous catalysts have been developed that are effective for the conversion of CO2 to hydrocarbons. The effect of the promoter and loadings have been investigated.
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