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Zhang Jie - - 2014
Methanol has become an alternative fuel for gasoline, which is facing a rapidly rising world demand with a limited oil supply. Methanol-gasoline has been used in China, but phase stability and vapor lock still need to be resolved in methanol-gasoline applications. In this paper, a series of tartaric esters were ...
Bosman Joyce J Physiotherapist and Oedematherapist, Medisch Centrum Zuid, Groningen, the - - 2014
Lymphtaping is recognised to be a promising method for use in the management of lymphoedema. This article gives an overview of the concept of lymphtaping and the relevant literature. Several methods of action are described about lymphtaping: increasing pressure differences within lymph vessels; lifting the skin (inducing opening of initial ...
Pasquier Louis-César - - 2014
Mineral carbonation is known as one of the safest ways to sequester CO2. Nevertheless, the slow kinetics and low carbonation rates constitute a major barrier for any possible industrial application. To date, no studies have focused on reacting such material with a relatively low partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) close ...
Canestrari Daniela D Department of Biology of Organisms and Systems, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, - - 2014
Avian brood parasites lay eggs in the nests of other birds, which raise the unrelated chicks and typically suffer partial or complete loss of their own brood. However, carrion crows Corvus corone corone can benefit from parasitism by the great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius. Parasitized nests have lower rates of ...
Torres Mark A MA Department of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, - - 2014
The observed stability of Earth's climate over millions of years is thought to depend on the rate of carbon dioxide (CO2) release from the solid Earth being balanced by the rate of CO2 consumption by silicate weathering. During the Cenozoic era, spanning approximately the past 66 million years, the concurrent ...
Toussaint Marie - - 2014
The management of dissolved and headspace gases during bottling and the choice of packaging are both key factors for the shelf-life of wine. Two kinds of 75 cl polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles (with or without recycled PET) were compared to glass bottles filled with a rosé wine, closed with the ...
Wang Mao Hua MH Dept. of Horticultural Science, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chungnam Natl. Univ., Deajeon, 305-764, South - - 2014
Postharvest treatment with high-pressure CO2 helps to control decay and increase firmness in strawberries. Increases in firmness occurred through modification of calcium binding to cell wall. However, the mechanism(s) involved in Ca(2+) migration to pectic polymers and other physiological events associated with the maintenance of increased firmness are not clearly ...
Studt Felix F SUNCAT Center for Interface Science and Catalysis, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, California 94025, - - 2014
The use of methanol as a fuel and chemical feedstock could become very important in the development of a more sustainable society if methanol could be efficiently obtained from the direct reduction of CO2 using solar-generated hydrogen. If hydrogen production is to be decentralized, small-scale CO2 reduction devices are required ...
Fu Zhi-Xuan ZX *Department of Ophthalmology, Putuo Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China; and †Liqun Hospital, Putuo District, Shanghai, - - 2014
Eyelid tension seems to be related to corneal astigmatism and to affect the ocular surface. The aim of this study is to determine the lower eyelid tension in young adults with a simple lid tensiometer. A commercially available precision digital pressure gauge that was connected to a pressure-guided tube full ...
Yehud Lior Ben - - 2014
CF<sub>4</sub> gas has a relatively high Raman cross section and a relatively small Raman shift and is an excellent candidate for a gas-filled hollow-core photonic bandgap (HC-PBG) fiber Raman wavelength converter. Here we investigate experimentally the onset and competition between stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) processes ...
Lee Bernard B Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2014
The primary purpose of this feasibility study was to establish a correlation between pro-inflammatory cytokine accumulation and severity of tissue damage during local pressure with various temperatures. The secondary purpose was to compare skin blood flow patterns for assessing the efficacy of local cooling on reducing skin ischemia under surface ...
Gadikota Greeshma G Department of Chemical Engineering, Columbia University in the City of New York, New York, NY 10027, - - 2014
The increasing concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere are attributed to the rising consumption of fossil fuels for energy generation around the world. One of the most stable and environmentally benign methods of reducing atmospheric CO2 is by storing it as thermodynamically stable carbonate minerals. Olivine ((Mg,Fe)2SiO4) is an abundant ...
Bruning R S RS Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania - - 2014
Essential hypertensive humans exhibit attenuated cutaneous nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasodilation. Using spectral analysis (fast Fourier transformation) we aimed to characterize the skin flowmotion contained in the laser-Doppler flowmetry recordings during local heating-induced vasodilation before and after concurrent pharmacological inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in hypertensive and age-matched normotensive men ...
Pan Lijia L 1] Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Photonic and Electronic Materials, School of Electronic Science and Engineering, National Center of Microstructures and Quantum Manipulation, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China [2] Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA - - 2014
Pressure sensing is an important function of electronic skin devices. The development of pressure sensors that can mimic and surpass the subtle pressure sensing properties of natural skin requires the rational design of materials and devices. Here we present an ultra-sensitive resistive pressure sensor based on an elastic, microstructured conducting ...
Kashima Hideaki H Department of Exercise Science and Physiology, School of Health Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, 1-1-71 Ujina-higashi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8558, - - 2014
To examine whether various types of taste stimuli in the oral cavity elicit unique changes in facial skin blood flow (SkBF) according to the palatability perceived by an individual, the facial SkBF was observed by laser speckle flowgraphy in 15 healthy subjects (11 males and 4 females) before and during ...
Mohammad Haniff Muhammad Aniq Shazni MA Nanoelectronics Lab, MIMOS Berhad, Technology Park Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 57000, Malaysia. - - 2014
This paper presents a functionalized, horizontally oriented carbon nanotube network as a sensing element to enhance the sensitivity of a pressure sensor. The synthesis of horizontally oriented nanotubes from the AuFe catalyst and their deposition onto a mechanically flexible substrate via transfer printing are studied. Nanotube formation on thermally oxidized ...
Asadamongkol Bralipisut - - 2014
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), a therapy that have patients breath in pure oxygen in a pressurized chamber, has been long used as a treatment for conditions such as decompression sickness and carbon monoxide poisoning. Oxygen recently has been found to be an important component in skin rejuvenation, treatment of photoaging ...
Wang Liguo L National Engineering Research Center for Coal & Gas Control, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China ; College of Safety Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, - - 2014
ECBM displacement experiments are a direct way to observe the gas displacement process and efficiency by inspecting the produced gas composition and flow rate. We conducted two sets of ECBM experiments by injecting N2 and CO2 through four large parallel specimens (300 × 50 × 50 mm coal briquette). N2 or ...
Harris Eliza Jean - - 2013
Nitrous oxide is an important greenhouse gas and ozone depleting-substance. Its sources are diffuse and poorly characterised, complicating efforts to understand anthropogenic impacts and develop mitigation policies. Online, spectroscopic analysis of N2O isotopic composition can provide continuous measurements at high time resolution, giving new insight into N2O sources, sinks and ...
Frerichs Janin - - 2013
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is currently under debate as large-scale solution to reduce the emissions of the greenhouse gas CO2. Depleted gas or oil reservoirs and saline aquifers are considered as suitable reservoirs providing sufficient storage capacity. We investigated the direct influence of high CO2 concentrations on the indigenous ...
Moritaka Hatsue - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the influence of carbonated drinks with gas volumes (GV) of 0, 1.5, and 2.7 on linguapalatal swallowing pressure, intraoral carbonation perception, and maximum velocity of a bolus through the pharynx in healthy volunteers (N = 20, all female, age range; 20-21 years). The volunteers swallowed ...
Stone Daniel - - 2013
Kinetics of CH2OO Criegee intermediate reactions with SO2, NO2, NO, H2O and CH3CHO and CH2I radical reactions with NO2 are reported as a function of pressure at 295 K. Measurements were made under pseudo-first-order conditions using flash photolysis of CH2I2-O2-N2 gas mixtures in the presence of excess co-reagent combined with ...
Levine Jonathan S - - 2013
To mitigate anthropogenically-induced climate change and ocean acidification, net carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere must be reduced. One proposed option is underground CO2 disposal. Large-scale injection of CO2 into the Earth's crust requires an understanding of the multiphase flow properties of high-pressure CO2 displacing brine. We present laboratory-scale core ...
Cai Tingdong - - 2013
Tunable diode laser absorption measurements of pressure and H<sub>2</sub>O concentration in the headspace of vials using a distributed-feedback (DFB) diode laser near 1.4 μm are reported. A H<sub>2</sub>O line located near 7161.41  cm<sup>-1</sup> is selected based on its strong absorption strength and isolation from interference of neighboring transitions. Direct absorption spectra of ...
Owen Rhodri E - - 2013
A series of cobalt heterogeneous catalysts have been developed that are effective for the conversion of CO2 to hydrocarbons. The effect of the promoter and loadings have been investigated.
Shieh Sean R - - 2013
Knowledge of the high-pressure behavior of carbon dioxide (CO2), an important planetary material found in Venus, Earth, and Mars, is vital to the study of the evolution and dynamics of the planetary interiors as well as to the fundamental understanding of the C-O bonding and interaction between the molecules. Recent ...
Vu Duy Ngoc - - 2013
The rate coefficient (k1) of the reaction between hydroxyl radical and hydroxyacetone, which remained so far controversial, was determined over the temperature range of 290 - 500 K using pulsed-laser photolysis coupled to pulsed-laser induced fluorescence (PLP-PLIF). Hydroxyl radical was generated by pulsed photolysis of H2O2 at 248 nm. The ...
Fernandes Mariane - - 2013
Abstract Background: Microdermabrasion is a surface treatment, noninvasive, which uses a negative pressure and drives programmable inert microcrystals on the skin, causing an exfoliation. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of application of microdermabrasion in human skin rejuvenation. Methods: Eleven women who were undergoing abdominoplasty. ...
Corvo Marta C - - 2013
Where is CO2 ? The intermolecular interactions of [C4 mim]BF4 and [C4 mim]PF6 ionic liquids and CO2 have been determined by high-pressure NMR spectroscopy in combination with molecular dynamic simulations. The anion and the cation are both engaged in interactions with CO2 . A detailed picture of CO2 solvation in ...
Lv Xiang-Ying - - 2013
The desorption of CrVI from CrVI-adsorbed Layered Double Hydroxide (CrVI-LDH) and the recycling of LDH adsorbent are the bottleneck that limits the practical application of LDH in treating CrVI-containing industrial wastewater. Given the strong affinity of LDH for CO2, we studied desorption and enrichment of CrVI from CrVI-LDH as well ...
Uts Ilya - - 2013
Pressure media are one of the most effective deterrents of pressure gradients in diamond-anvil cell (DAC) experiments. The media, however, become less effective with increasing pressure, particularly for solid pressure media. One of the most popular ways of alleviating the increase in pressure gradients in DAC samples is through laser ...
Ozturk M - - 2013
A major problem with reduced-fat cheese is the difficulty in attaining the characteristic flavor and texture of typical full-fat versions. Some previous studies have suggested that high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) can accelerate the ripening of full-fat cheeses. Our objective was to investigate the effect of HHP on reduced-fat (∼7.3% fat) ...
Nag Pranab - - 2013
Manual material handling has been attributed as a major risk to human musculoskeletal system. Workers postural stability in these tasks is influenced by holding method, time and weight being handled. The study attempts to investigate postural balance in five different commonly adopted load handling methods amongst female volunteers.METHODS: 10 women ...
Huang Dong - - 2013
Pressure therapy improves hypertrophic scar healing, but the mechanisms for this process are not well understood. We sought to investigate the differential expression of matrix metalloproteinases (Mmps) and collagen in posttraumatic hypertrophic scar tissue with mechanical pressure and delineate the molecular mechanisms of pressure therapy for hypertrophic scars. Fibroblast lines ...
Yuan Jin-Peng - - 2013
We present a simple, reliable, and nondestructive method for the measurement of vacuum pressure in a magneto-optical trap. The vacuum pressure is verified to be proportional to the collision rate constant between cold atoms and the background gas with a coefficient k, which can be calculated by means of the ...
Ide Yusuke - - 2013
A layered silicate co-modified with amino and octadecyl groups exhibited efficient and very selective adsorption for CO2 over N2 and H2O at ambient pressure and temperature.
Heath Jason E - - 2013
CO2 storage efficiency is a metric that expresses the portion of the pore space of a subsurface geologic formation that is available to store CO2. Estimates of storage efficiency for large-scale geologic CO2 storage depend on a variety of factors including geologic properties and operational design. These factors govern estimates ...
Vajda Péter - - 2013
The excess adsorption isotherm of ethanol from liquid carbon dioxide on a silicagel column was determined in a range of back pressures and temperatures. The retention patterns of minor disturbance peaks were mapped and their dependences on the applied back pressure and column temperature measured. The analysis of the linear ...
Li Yanqiang - - 2013
The carbonized PAF-1 derivatives formed by high-temperature KOH activation showed a unique bimodal microporous structure located at 0.6 nm and 1.2 nm and high surface area. These robust micropores were confirmed by nitrogen sorption experiment and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Carbon dioxide, methane and hydrogen sorption experiments indicated that these novel ...
Yang Mingjun - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the hydrate formation and dissociation as CO2 flowing through cooled porous media at different flow rates, pressures, temperatures and flow directions. CO2 hydrate saturation was quantified using the mean intensity of water. The experimental results showed that hydrate block appeared frequently, and ...
Niezgoda George - - 2013
Twenty subjects underwent quantitative respirator fit testing with two styles (flat fold, cup-shaped) of N95 filtering facepiece respirators (N95 FFRs). Passing a fit test was followed by stereophotogrammetry to determine the face seal area and computation of seal pressure. There were significantly different seal pressures (p < 0.01) between standard ...
Yoo Won-Gyu WG Department of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Inje University and Elderly Life Redesign - - 2013
[Purpose] This study investigated the changes in pressure pain threshold of the upper trapezius, levator scapular, and rhomboid muscles during continuous computer work. [Subjects] Fourteen males and females aged 26-32 years, were recruited. [Methods] A dolorimeter pressure algometer was used to measure the pressure pain threshold of the upper trapezius, levator ...
Straka Lubomir - - 2013
A 29-year-old man was found dead lying on the bed in a hotel room in a famous Slovak mountain resort. He had a full-face diving mask on his face, connected through a diving breath regulator to a valve of an industrial (nondiving) high-pressure tank containing pure 100% nitrogen. The breath ...
Vogt Monika - - 2013
Capture me! The first report of a N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) as a solid-state carbon capture reagent is presented. Experimental and theoretical measurements demonstrate the ability of the NHC to react rapidly and stoichiometrically with CO2 at low partial pressures.
Cheng Xin - - 2013
Nonlinear scattering, originating from laser induced solvent micro-bubbles and/or micro-plasmas, is regarded as the principal mechanism for nonlinear optical (NLO) response of graphene dispersions at ns timescale. In this work, we report the significant enhancement of NLO response of graphene dispersions by decreasing the atmospheric pressure, which has strong influence ...
Lee Wonsup - - 2013
This study measured the facial dimensions of Korean Air Force (KAF) pilots, to design a pilot oxygen mask, and compared them with those of Korean civilians and US Air Force (USAF) personnel. Twenty-two facial dimensions were measured for 278 KAF male pilots (KMP) and 58 KAF female pilots and cadets ...
Hartgill T W - - 2013
Objective: Investigate blood pressure response to acral skin vasoconstriction in healthy and pre-eclamptic pregnancies. Methods: Healthy women were investigated from gestational week 8 to 52 weeks postpartum and pre-eclampsia subjects at diagnosis. Finger artery ultrasound Doppler, forearm laser Doppler fluximetry and photoplethysmographic blood pressure were recorded. Hand cooling to 19 °C ...
Martin Derek - - 2013
A number of bioengineering techniques are being developed using microbially catalyzed hydrolysis of urea to precipitate calcium carbonate for soil and sand strengthening in the subsurface. In this study, we evaluate denitrification as an alternative microbial metabolism to induce carbonate precipitation for bioengineering under anaerobic conditions and at high pressure. ...
Grenier Etienne - - 2013
This paper presents a preliminary study to demonstrate the instantaneous local effect of compression stocking (Class 2) on skin microcirculatory activity. The measurement needs to be carefully performed as the sensor is placed under the garment. To assess the local effect of compression stockings, we use the ambulatory device Hematron ...
Abdollahi Zahra - - 2013
This study presents evaluation of a system combining laser Doppler flowmetry and photoplethysmography (PPG) in a single probe for the simultaneous measurement of perfusion and blood flow in the finger. A cuff sphygmomanometer was used to partially occlude the arteries supplying the hand to investigate the effect of low pressure ...
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