Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1111
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Fette Andreas - - 2005
The treatment of pressure ulcers is still a matter of debate. The pros and cons of topical negative pressure versus traditional saline wet-to-moist dressings, platelet-derived growth factor, and surgical debridement are discussed in the literature review. This article examines literature that relates to the mechanism of action and efficacy of ...
Jones Sophia M - - 2005
Topical negative-pressure therapy is a widely used wound management system that generates a negative pressure at the wound surface through a foam pad, which aids in wound stimulation through mechanical forces on the wound bed. System guidelines state that the foam dressing should be placed in direct apposition with the ...
Seel Edward H - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental evaluation of intracompartmental pressures in a fresh above knee amputated human leg. OBJECTIVES: To determine what effect raised pressure in one compartment of the lower leg had upon its neighbour. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been no previous reports of isolated compartment pathology, following low velocity ...
Stanley Andrew C - - 2005
Chronic venous insufficiency and venous ulceration are consequences of elevated pressure within affected limbs. We hypothesized that wounded cells maintained at different atmospheric pressures heal at different rates and that pressure would adversely affect the processes necessary for wound healing. We have developed an in vitro model that replicates venous ...
Ozkayin Nadir - - 2005
We studied 39 patients with 42 diaphyseal tibial fractures in whom we suspected a high risk for the development of a compartment syndrome. We measured the anterior absolute compartment pressure (ACP) every 12 h for 72 h and also recorded the differential pressure (DeltaP=diastolic blood pressure-ACP). Fasciotomy of the extremity ...
Steinberg Bruce D - - 2005
The purpose of this project was to study a noninvasive method of evaluating limbs at risk of compartment syndrome. Untreated limb compartment syndrome may lead to irreversible dysfunction, chronic pain and contracture. An improved means of obtaining quantitative hardness measurements is reported. The handheld noninvasive compartment syndrome evaluator (NCSE) device ...
Teng Andelle L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study describes a previously unpublished technique for compartment release that combines adjunctive transverse fasciotomies with a limited longitudinal dermatofasciotomy and compares its efficacy with a standard extensile longitudinal dermatofasciotomy. DESIGN: Limited 10-cm longitudinal dermatofasciotomies were performed bilaterally on 14 cadaveric specimens (28 legs). Next, we performed transverse fasciotomies ...
Ustek S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of povidone-iodine liposome hydrogel on colonic anastomosis. METHODS: 70 Wistar-Albino male rats were randomly divided into seven groups. The left colon was transected and end-to-end anastomosis was performed. PVP-I liposome hydrogel was applied around the anastomoses in groups 2 and 5. Colonic bursting pressures and ...
Rothwell Stephen W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recently, a wide variety of bandages have been formulated to attempt to improve the effectiveness of emergency intervention in situations of uncontrolled bleeding. The best of these dressings contain a mixture of human thrombin and fibrinogen. The presence of human components in these bandages, although effective, increases the cost ...
Kheirabadi Bijan S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: An effective hemostatic agent capable of stopping severe arterial bleeding and sustaining hemostasis over a prolonged time is required. The U.S. Army recently distributed fibrin sealant (under an Investigational New Drug-approved protocol) and chitosan dressings among deployed medics for treating severe external hemorrhage on the battlefield. The purpose of ...
Partsch Hugo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of compression therapy depends mainly on the exerted pressure and on the stiffness of the material. OBJECTIVE: To propose a simple method by which pressure and stiffness can be assessed in the individual patient. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a pressure transducer (Kikuhime small probe, MediTrade, Soro, Denmark) ...
Jones S M - - 2005
In clinical practice many wounds are slow to heal and difficult to manage. The recently introduced technique of topical negative pressure therapy (TNP) has been developed to try to overcome some of these difficulties. TNP applies a controlled negative pressure to the surface of a wound that has potential advantages ...
German Benjamin T - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Pressure-immobilization bandages are used in countries where neurotoxic snake envenomations are common. They impede lymphatic egress from the bite site and delay systemic venom toxicity. The effectiveness of these devices has not been evaluated in coral snake envenomations. We investigated the efficacy of pressure-immobilization bandages in delaying the ...
Liu Rong - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects of graduated elastic compression stockings (GCSs) have been demonstrated. However, their pressure performances are variable and unstable in practical applications owing to many influencing factors. Comprehensive assessment of skin pressure profiles may help elucidate the mechanisms of action of compression stockings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this ...
Klepps Steven - - 2005
Glenoid loosening is the most common long-term complication occurring after total shoulder replacement. Imprecise cement technique and glenoid preparation may result in early radiolucent glenoid line formation. Early radiolucent lines may indicate inadequate initial fixation, which may contribute to early loosening. Improved cement techniques, refined instrumentation, and glenoid component design ...
Wackenfors Angelica - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy is a recently introduced method for the treatment of poststernotomy mediastinitis. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of negative pressure on peristernal soft tissue blood flow and metabolism because the mechanisms by which vacuum-assisted closure therapy promotes wound healing are not ...
Buranapanitkit Boonsin - - 2005
The etiopathogenesis of congenital talipes equinovarus remains mysterious. The authors investigated the role of increased intracompartmental leg pressures as a causal relationship with this deformity by measuring the pressures in 25 children aged between 6 months and 1 year with unilateral talipes equinivarus before surgical release. The deep posterior intracompartmental ...
Kutty Satish - - 2005
Our aim was to study the effect of traction on the compartment pressures during intramedullary nailing of closed tibial-shaft fractures. Thirty consecutive patients with Tscherne C1 fractures were randomised into two groups. Sixteen patients underwent intramedullary nailing of the tibia with traction and 14 patients without traction. Compartment pressures were ...
Flivik Gunnar - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cementing technique is a crucial factor in prosthesis fixation. No randomized studies have been published, however, comparing the outcome of conventional fingerpacking with the outcome of pressurization of the cement prior to cup insertion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We randomized 50 THAs to either fingerpacking or sequential pressurization (including individual ...
Odland Rick - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the efficacy of compartment syndrome ultrafiltration for the treatment of acute compartment syndrome in an animal model. Our hypothesis is the removal of interstitial fluid will result in a reduction of intramuscular pressure compared with untreated controls in a model of bilateral induced compartment syndrome. DESIGN: Controlled ...
Ludwig Corinna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In a previous experimental study on 60 freshly slaughtered pig trachea, a statistically significant better resistance to pressure was found after mechanical stapling compared to hand suture. The objective of this study was to determine the resistance to pressure of a bronchial stump depending upon the closure technique (manual ...
Rodrigues Alfredo J - - 2005
To present our experience with penetrating cardiac injuries. We have retrospectively reviewed the records of 70 victims of penetrating cardiac injuries. A logistic regression has been performed in order to determine the association between death and clinical predictors. Penetrating injuries consisted of 43 stab wounds (61.4%) and 27 (38.6%) gunshot ...
Geller Stephen M - - 2005
Pyoderma gangrenosum is a skin disease characterized by wounds with blue-to-purple undermined borders surrounding purulent necrotic bases. This article reports on a patient with a circumferential, full-thickness, and partially necrotic lower-extremity ulceration of unknown etiology. Results of laboratory tests and arterial and venous imaging studies were found to be within ...
Krebs Jörg - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical study of injection pressure during vertebroplasty. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the range of injection pressures during conventional vertebroplasty interventions and to study the influence of syringe design and cement polymerization time on injection pressure. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Vertebroplasty is an efficient procedure for the treatment of painful ...
Charalambides Charalambos - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Firm bandaging of the knee following knee replacement may prevent bleeding into the joint by a tamponade effect. We studied the pressure required to achieve tamponade, and then clinically compared the use of a compression bandage with the use of a standard crêpe bandage, with or without a drain. ...
Ogunlusi Johnson D - - 2005
Acute compartment syndrome is associated with tibial fractures and failure to diagnose it leads to grave consequences. This study was conceived with the aim of determining the intra-compartmental pressure in adults with closed tibial fractures and intended to provide early diagnosis of acute compartment syndrome. The Whitesides injection method was ...
Arnold William - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The consequences of a staple-line leak or disruption can be devastating particularly in the bariatric surgery population. This study was designed to assess if gastrointestinal staple-lines buttressed with bovine pericardium could tolerate greater intraluminal pressures compared with non-reinforced staple-lines. METHODS: A laparoscopic linear cutting staple device was used to ...
Persson Mikael - - 2005
During cardiac surgery the wound is exposed to desiccation, especially as a result of operating room ventilation and the insufflation of dry carbon dioxide (CO(2)) for de-airing. We compared the gas humidity and desiccation rates in an in vitro model of a cardiothoracic wound during these conditions and during insufflation ...
Baroud G - - 2005
One of the main limitations of vertebroplasty is the excessive pressure required to inject a sufficient amount of cement into a vertebral body. Based on previous work that shows that approximately 95% of the injection pressure is required to deliver the cement through the cannula, we proposed a new cannula ...
Norris Robert L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether volunteers (with or without prior medical training) can correctly apply pressure immobilization (PI) in a simulated snakebite scenario after receiving standard instructions describing the technique. METHODS: Twenty emergency medicine physicians (residents and attendings) and 20 lay volunteers without prior formal medical training were given standard printed ...
Venturi Mark L - - 2005
The use of sub-atmospheric pressure dressings, available commercially as the vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) device, has been shown to be an effective way to accelerate healing of various wounds. The optimal sub-atmospheric pressure for wound healing appears to be approximately 125 mm Hg utilizing an alternating pressure cycle of 5 minutes ...
Thomas David R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Pressure ulcers, like other chronic wounds, fail to proceed through an orderly and timely process to produce anatomical or functional integrity. Treatment of pressure ulcers is directed to improving host factors and providing an optimum wound environment. In addition to providing a moist wound environment, it has been theorized ...
Okuwa Mayumi - - 2005
The 30 degree laterally inclined and 30 degree head elevated positions (hereafter referred as the 'rule of 30' unless otherwise specified) are widely used as a means of both primary and secondary prevention of pressure ulcers as a result of reductions in localised pressures over bony prominences. However, the authors ...
Baroud Gamal - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: An experimental biomechanical study conducted on osteoporotic cadaveric vertebrae. OBJECTIVES: 1) To measure the intravertebral shell pressure and injection pressure; and 2) to determine the effect of the vertebral shell on the intravertebral shell pressure and on the injection pressure. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Forces that govern cement ...
Takada Masafumi - - 2005
We evaluated whether preadministration of low-dose ketamine could attenuate tourniquet pain and arterial pressure increase using high tourniquet pressure in ten healthy awake volunteers. Ketamine, 0.1 mg x kg(-1), or normal saline was given intravenously in a double-blind fashion before tourniquet inflation with a pressure of 400 mmHg at the ...
Lee J Y L - - 2005
We present a case of recurrent cutaneous nocardiosis following a high pressure air injection injury which was treated conservatively. The patient subsequently developed multiple chronic granulomatous nodules in the palm and dorsum of the hand requiring repeated surgical debridements and long term antibiotics for complete resolution. Some reports suggest that ...
Molnar Joseph A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This article reports the first application of subatmospheric pressure management to a deep, partial-thickness human thermal burn. METHODS: After cleaning the wound, the decision was made to treat the hand and distal forearm with subatmospheric pressure (V.A.C., KCI, Inc, San Antonio, Tex). The sponge was applied directly to the ...
Ogunlusi Johnson D - - 2005
In Caucasians, the range of normal intracompartmental pressure of the leg is from 0 mmHg to 15 mmHg. In the literature, such measurements have not been done in Africa to identify normal leg intracompartmental pressures. We have sought to identify the normal range of pressures in such a population of ...
Popken Frank - - 2005
In vitro studies show that new miniature cryoprobes are suitable for cryoablation of bone tissue. The aim of this animal trial on 24 sheep was to examine the perioperative complications, particularly the danger of embolism, of cryoablation when using miniature cryoprobes. Cryoablations with 2 freeze-thaw cycles each were carried out ...
Moore Z E H - - 2005
Pressure ulcers (also called pressure sores, bed sores and decubitus ulcers) are areas of tissue damage that occur in the very old, malnourished or acutely ill, who cannot reposition themselves. Pressure ulcers impose a significant financial burden on health care systems and negatively affect quality of life. Wound cleansing is ...
Köstler W - - 2004
In this review the aetiology, clinical signs, diagnosis and therapy of the acute compartment syndrome of the limb is discussed. It is a limb- and untreated life threatening emergency. For good results, early detection is necessary. It is important to educate those taking care of patients of risk, especially in ...
Sjögren Johan - - 2004
Several authors have reported promising results with vacuum-assisted closure therapy in poststernotomy mediastinitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the hemodynamic outcome following the application of six negative pressures on an open sternotomy wound. Six 70-kg pigs underwent median sternotomy followed by vacuum-assisted closure therapy. Six negative pressures ...
Kapoor Birender - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Several cementing techniques are used for the proximal femur. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated 3 femoral cement pressurization techniques (standard, pressurizer in situ, and thumb pressurization) in 12 plastic femurs, with 4 sets of observations for each technique. Intramedullary pressure readings were obtained using proximal and distal pressure monitoring ...
Ozcan Ayse - - 2004
This study was done to evaluate differences in pressure pain threshold, grip strength, manual dexterity and touch pressure threshold in the dominant and non-dominant hands of right- and left-handed subjects, and to compare findings within and between these groups. Thirty-nine right-handed and twenty-one left-handed subjects participated in the study. Pressure ...
Gupta Subhas - - 2004
Pressure ulcers are a serious health issue, leading to clinical, financial, and emotional challenges. Numerous treatment modalities are available to promote wound healing, yet clinicians may be unsure how to incorporate these treatment options into an overall plan of care for the patient with a pressure ulcer. A consensus panel ...
Beil Tracy L - - 2004
A common mode of limb suspension for transtibial amputees is the pin liner/shuttle lock system. Despite its popularity, some clinicians question its use because of observed daily and chronic changes to the residual limb. For this study, we measured limb interface pressures during ambulation with pin and suction suspension systems. ...
Qu Lefeng - - 2004
PURPOSE: Using an animal model we have assessed sutureless anastomoses. METHODS: The two cut ends of the rabbit common carotid artery were sutured by three stitches with a 120 degrees interval circumferentially, then two optional threads were pulled horizontally and 0.1 ml adhesive was smeared on the attached surface of ...
Spatz H-Ch - - 2004
The endodermis of different species of the genus Equisetum has different configurations, two or one continuous layers or a sheath only around the vascular bundles. The question whether the endodermis contributes to the mechanical stability of the aerial shoots is investigated in two ways: In a direct approach, the endodermis ...
Wolvos Tom - - 2004
Negative pressure wound therapy uses a reticulated sponge and subatmospheric pressure to facilitate healing of a variety of wounds. The therapy appears to assist wound healing by decreasing wound bacterial burden and edema while facilitating granulation tissue formation. The latest development in negative pressure wound therapy allows clinicians to instill ...
van der Voort van Zyp Jochem - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that pressure stimulates colon cancer cell adhesion to surgical wounds. METHODS: We quantitated adhesion of murine 26/51 transplantable colon cancer cells by cell counting or chromium 51-labeling. Tumor cells were added to murine surgical wounds after 30 minutes preincubation under ambient or 15 mm Hg increased pressure. ...
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