Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1098
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Morykwas Michael J - - 2006
A tremendous amount of research has been conducted in recent years investigating the mechanisms of action by which the application of subatmospheric pressure to wounds increases the rate of healing. Similarly, numerous studies have also been conducted examining the physiologic response of wounds to the applied subatmospheric pressure. However, many ...
Schult Marc - - 2006
Although reamed intramedullary nailing has been one of the greatest advances in modern fracture care, the concomitant increase in medullary cavity pressure leads to intravasation of bone marrow content into the blood stream, an effect that can evoke serious systemic reactions. A newly developed rinsing-suction-reamer (RSR) was able to substantially ...
Wu Stephanie C - - 2006
The etiology of diabetic foot ulcerations is commonly associated with the presence of peripheral neuropathy and repetitive trauma due to normal walking activities to areas of the foot exposed to moderate or high pressure. The goal of any treatment plan should include as a central tenet the mitigation or modulation ...
Tuncali Bahattin - - 2006
To reduce pressure-related injuries resulting from pneumatic tourniquet use, the lowest possible inflation pressure is recommended. Arterial occlusion pressure (AOP) is a measure of the cuff pressure required to maintain a bloodless surgical field. However, its determination method is time consuming, requires operator skill, and is therefore seldom used in ...
Bar-Am Y - - 2006
A five-year-old, entire male German shepherd dog was presented to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital-Koret School of Veterinary Medicine because of an acute, painful swelling of the right thigh and severe lameness of two-weeks duration. On physical examination, a firm and painful mass was detected in the hamstring region. Radiography and ...
Coull Alison - - 2006
AIM: This paper reports a study to compare the differences in compression produced on a limb using a spiral and a figure-of-eight bandaging technique. BACKGROUND: Chronic leg ulcers are a major health problem in Western countries. Compression bandaging is the accepted treatment for venous leg ulcers. The spiral and the ...
Pinheiro Jose S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Most bariatric operations rely on stapler devices. Although today staplers are extremely safe, efficient, and reliable, a potential risk exists for staple line failures, leading to three complications: leaks, fistulas, and bleeding. Porcine small intestinal submucosa strip applied over the staple line suture might help prevent these problems. METHODS: ...
Dechert Tracey A - - 2006
There is growing interest in the relationship of hyaluronan and inflammation in a number of physiologic processes including wound healing. The objective of this study was to make a quantitative comparison of inflammation and hyaluronan expression in human normal healing open wounds and in pressure ulcers. Using an open dermal ...
Merei Jamal M - - 2006
The use of pressure dressing to cover the sutured surgical wound is usually considered a routine conclusion to the repair of umbilical hernias in children. The wound is usually left dressed for a minimum of 5-7 days. The main purpose of pressure dressing is prevention of a hematoma formation. The ...
Hassan Karen A - - 2006
To compare bursting strength and failure modes of ventral median abdominal incisions closed with loop suture in a simple continuous pattern using two different suture-bite intervals. In vitro experiment. Equine cadavers (n=14; weighing >318 kg; postmortem interval <2 hours). A template was used to make a 25 cm incision with ...
Gustafsson Ronny - - 2006
Numerous authors have reported promising results with the use of vacuum-assisted closure therapy in poststernotomy mediastinitis. The negative pressure applied to the anterior mediastinum substantially exceeds the normal negative pressure in the pleural cavities, and interaction with respiratory physiology cannot be excluded. The aim of the present study was to ...
McCarthy Persson J U - - 2007
The use of taping to modify pain and muscle activity has become common practice among musculoskeletal physiotherapists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the repeatability of two variables, skin displacement and pressure, produced by a standardized taping procedure designed to inhibit the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle in patellofemoral ...
Satpathy A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To test the use of low-cost sub-bandage pressure monitors and pulse oximeters as part of a quality-control measure for graduated compression bandaging in leg ulcer clinics. METHOD: Twenty-five healthy volunteers (mean age 40 years) providing 50 limbs were bandaged with a four-layer compression bandaging system. The ankle systolic pressure ...
Pusateri Anthony E - - 2006
A number of new hemostatic products have been developed recently for use in trauma settings of severe uncontrolled bleeding. Currently, the literature on these products is controversial, with efficacy demonstrated under some circumstances but not others. In this review, we analyze the current literature pertaining to four of the most ...
Doughty Dorothy - - 2006
Wound assessment is a key element of effective wound care, and assessment of pressure ulcers includes accurate determination of wound stage. Although the original staging system established by Shea was based on his understanding of the pathology involved in pressure ulcer development, subsequent staging systems (and the one currently in ...
Campbell Penny E - - 2006
Negative pressure wound therapy consists of a wound dressing, a drainage tube inserted into the dressing, an occlusive transparent film, and a connection to a vacuum source that supplies the negative pressure. A new product called the Versatile 1 Wound Vacuum System (BlueSky Medical, La Costa, Calif) is available for ...
Plikaitis Christina M - - 2006
This article reviews the development, current theories behind the mechanism of action and clinical use of subatmospheric pressure wound therapy with the vacuum-assisted closure device. An evolving list of indications for subatmospheric pressure therapy is discussed including its use in chronic wounds, traumatic wounds and orthopedic salvage, infected sternal wounds, ...
Lee A J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To define the pressures and gradients achieved by different bandages when applied by alternative bandaging techniques. METHODS: An experienced bandager applied six bandages to the same leg of a volunteer using three application techniques. Pressure measurements were taken at the ankle, gaiter, calf and upper calf in three postures. ...
McClelland Damian - - 2006
Longevity of cemented femoral components is dependent upon many factors. It is certainly related to the cementing technique. A dilemma exists between adequate cement pressurization and risk of embolic events. A cementation pressure above bleeding pressure, to allow optimum cement bone interdigitation but not high enough to produce embolic or ...
Baroud Gamal - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study using cadaveric vertebrae. OBJECTIVES: To measure the injection pressure in an ex vivo model and determine whether the redesigned cannula, featuring 2 distinct sections of different diameters, significantly reduces the injection pressure. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: An important limitation of vertebroplasty is the excessive pressure ...
Hile Amy M - - 2006
CONTEXT: Theoretically, the risk of compartment syndrome is increased during creatine monohydrate (CrM) supplementation because of intracellular fluid retention in muscle cells and the overall increased size of the muscle tissue. Whether this change in intracellular fluid is associated with an increase in anterior compartment pressure in the lower leg ...
Zhao Lu - - 2006
Although 5-aminolevulinic acid, ALA, and its derivatives, have been widely studied and applied in clinical photodynamic therapy (PDT), there is still a lack of reliable and non-invasive methods and technologies to evaluate physiological parameters of relevance for the therapy, such as erythema, melanogenesis, and oxygen level. We have investigated the ...
Frei Hanspeter - - 2006
Cement intrusion into cancellous or impacted bone is not well understood. We adopted an engineering mechanics approach to predict the effect of surgical variables on the cement intrusion into impacted cancellous bone, used for the revision of failed total hip replacement with the impaction allografting technique. Specifically, a three-dimensional finite ...
Timmers M S - - 2005
Vacuum-assisted closure (V.A.C. Therapy) uses 2 distinct types of foams, with different physical characteristics: the black polyurethane (PU) foam and the white polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) foam. This prospective, randomized study evaluates the response of cutaneous blood flow (CBF) in healthy intact forearm skin to varying V.A.C. Therapy negative pressures and ...
Shirakawa Miki - - 2005
Chronic wounds present a significant challenge, because there are few available treatment options for timely healing. Topical negative pressure devices have been used in a number of different types of wounds, including chronic wounds. They are believed to hasten wound healing by (1) maintaining a moist environment, (2) removing wound ...
Downey Douglas M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Leakage at an anastomosis is a major and often catastrophic complication of gastrointestinal (GI) surgery. Staple-line reinforcement with one of the several materials commercially available has been utilized to reduce the incidence of this complication. The bioprosthetic material, small intestinal submucosa (SIS, Surgisis((R)); Cook, Inc., Bloomington, IN) has found ...
Gozzard C - - 2005
Adequate cement pressurization during stem insertion improves the interdigitation of cement into bone. This increases the strength of the cement-bone interface, thus contributing to the reduction of the incidence of aseptic loosening, the commonest cause of revision surgery. This in-vitro study compared the cement pressurization achieved during insertion of four ...
Foga?a Walfredo Cherubini - - 2005
Normal facial sensibility on the area of the infraorbital nerve was determined in 24 healthy subjects. The measurement of two points discrimination distance and the evaluation of cutaneous pressure threshold were assessed on both sides on the zygomatic, paranasal, and superior labial skin. Cutaneous sensibility varied from region to region ...
Rosenthal Eben L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Head and neck microvascular surgery commonly requires management of complex wounds of the upper aerodigestive tract and donor sites. Negative pressure dressings have been reported to promote healing in compromised wounds. METHODS: Between February 2001 and June 2004, data were collected in a retrospective manner on 23 patients who ...
Boylu S - - 2005
In this study, we investigated the effects of synchronous anastomosis on intestinal healing in experimental colonic resection. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into 3 groups; control (group I), single anastomosis (group II) and synchronous (double) anastomosis (group III). Single and proximal anastomoses were located 3 cm distal to caecum, and distal ...
Olson Steven A - - 2005
Acute compartment syndrome is a potentially devastating condition in which the pressure within an osseofascial compartment rises to a level that decreases the perfusion gradient across tissue capillary beds, leading to cellular anoxia, muscle ischemia, and death. A variety of injuries and medical conditions may initiate acute compartment syndrome, including ...
Gravlee Clarence C - - 2005
We tested competing hypotheses for the skin color-blood pressure relationship by analyzing the association between blood pressure and 2 skin color variables: skin pigmentation and social classification. We measured skin pigmentation by reflectance spectrophotometry and social classification by linking respondents to ethnographic data on the cultural model of "color" in ...
Rousseau Bernard - - 2006
Phytochemical constituents of medicinal plants demonstrate inhibition of tissue and bacterial hyaluronidase. Echinacoside is a caffeoyl conjugate of Echinacea with known anti-hyaluronidase properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the wound healing effects of Echinacea on vocal fold wound healing and functional voice outcomes. Pig animal model. Methods: ...
Hassinger Sean Michael - - 2005
Initial wound treatment is critical in the treatment of open fractures, contaminated wounds, and abscesses. Ample evidence suggests that high-pressure pulsatile lavage damages bone structure and disrupts soft tissue. We compared the depth of penetration and amount of retention of bacteria in contaminated soft tissue subjected to one of two ...
Acheson Eric M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: QuikClot powder (QC), chitosan dressing (CD), and fibrin sealant dressing (FSD) are new hemostatic products touted to be more effective in controlling severe extremity bleeding than the current standard gauze dressing. All have been utilized in the global war on terrorism. Our objective was to evaluate the hemostatic efficacy ...
Partsch H - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To measure interface pressure and stiffness of short-stretch and long-stretch bandages applied with variable strength. These parameters have a deciding influence on the efficacy of compression therapy in chronic venous disease. DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Compression bandages constructed of different materials were applied with light, moderate ...
Ohura N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Shear force is believed to affect pressure ulceration. Therefore, dressing materials that reduce shear force may prevent ulceration and facilitate healing. METHOD: We measured the following three properties: the coefficient of friction between the outer layer of the dressings and the patient's clothes; the degree of adhesiveness between the ...
Fette Andreas - - 2005
The treatment of pressure ulcers is still a matter of debate. The pros and cons of topical negative pressure versus traditional saline wet-to-moist dressings, platelet-derived growth factor, and surgical debridement are discussed in the literature review. This article examines literature that relates to the mechanism of action and efficacy of ...
Jones Sophia M - - 2005
Topical negative-pressure therapy is a widely used wound management system that generates a negative pressure at the wound surface through a foam pad, which aids in wound stimulation through mechanical forces on the wound bed. System guidelines state that the foam dressing should be placed in direct apposition with the ...
Seel Edward H - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental evaluation of intracompartmental pressures in a fresh above knee amputated human leg. OBJECTIVES: To determine what effect raised pressure in one compartment of the lower leg had upon its neighbour. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been no previous reports of isolated compartment pathology, following low velocity ...
Stanley Andrew C - - 2005
Chronic venous insufficiency and venous ulceration are consequences of elevated pressure within affected limbs. We hypothesized that wounded cells maintained at different atmospheric pressures heal at different rates and that pressure would adversely affect the processes necessary for wound healing. We have developed an in vitro model that replicates venous ...
Ozkayin Nadir - - 2005
We studied 39 patients with 42 diaphyseal tibial fractures in whom we suspected a high risk for the development of a compartment syndrome. We measured the anterior absolute compartment pressure (ACP) every 12 h for 72 h and also recorded the differential pressure (DeltaP=diastolic blood pressure-ACP). Fasciotomy of the extremity ...
Steinberg Bruce D - - 2005
The purpose of this project was to study a noninvasive method of evaluating limbs at risk of compartment syndrome. Untreated limb compartment syndrome may lead to irreversible dysfunction, chronic pain and contracture. An improved means of obtaining quantitative hardness measurements is reported. The handheld noninvasive compartment syndrome evaluator (NCSE) device ...
Teng Andelle L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study describes a previously unpublished technique for compartment release that combines adjunctive transverse fasciotomies with a limited longitudinal dermatofasciotomy and compares its efficacy with a standard extensile longitudinal dermatofasciotomy. DESIGN: Limited 10-cm longitudinal dermatofasciotomies were performed bilaterally on 14 cadaveric specimens (28 legs). Next, we performed transverse fasciotomies ...
Ustek S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of povidone-iodine liposome hydrogel on colonic anastomosis. METHODS: 70 Wistar-Albino male rats were randomly divided into seven groups. The left colon was transected and end-to-end anastomosis was performed. PVP-I liposome hydrogel was applied around the anastomoses in groups 2 and 5. Colonic bursting pressures and ...
Rothwell Stephen W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recently, a wide variety of bandages have been formulated to attempt to improve the effectiveness of emergency intervention in situations of uncontrolled bleeding. The best of these dressings contain a mixture of human thrombin and fibrinogen. The presence of human components in these bandages, although effective, increases the cost ...
Kheirabadi Bijan S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: An effective hemostatic agent capable of stopping severe arterial bleeding and sustaining hemostasis over a prolonged time is required. The U.S. Army recently distributed fibrin sealant (under an Investigational New Drug-approved protocol) and chitosan dressings among deployed medics for treating severe external hemorrhage on the battlefield. The purpose of ...
Partsch Hugo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of compression therapy depends mainly on the exerted pressure and on the stiffness of the material. OBJECTIVE: To propose a simple method by which pressure and stiffness can be assessed in the individual patient. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a pressure transducer (Kikuhime small probe, MediTrade, Soro, Denmark) ...
Jones S M - - 2005
In clinical practice many wounds are slow to heal and difficult to manage. The recently introduced technique of topical negative pressure therapy (TNP) has been developed to try to overcome some of these difficulties. TNP applies a controlled negative pressure to the surface of a wound that has potential advantages ...
German Benjamin T - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Pressure-immobilization bandages are used in countries where neurotoxic snake envenomations are common. They impede lymphatic egress from the bite site and delay systemic venom toxicity. The effectiveness of these devices has not been evaluated in coral snake envenomations. We investigated the efficacy of pressure-immobilization bandages in delaying the ...
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