Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1115
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Leijssen Philip - - 2009
The authors present in this brief note a technique to facilitate the introduction of high viscosity bone cement into a cement syringe for retrograde high pressure cementing during total hip or revision knee arthroplasty. The nozzle part of the syringe is connected to the suction device used intra-operatively, to achieve ...
Malmsjö Malin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Heart rupture is a devastating complication to negative pressure wound therapy in cardiac surgery. Also, reduced cardiac output during negative pressure wound therapy has been reported. The present study aimed to examine the effects of negative pressure wound therapy on the position of the heart in relation to the ...
Martïnez A - - 2009
Enteric fluids produced by enterocutaneous fistulae can cause severe inflammation in the surrounding skin. By removing these corrosive fluids, topical negative pressure can help maintain skin integrity and promote spontaneous closure.
Kasukurthi Rahul - - 2010
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is commonly used as a bolster for skin grafts. The technique offers the benefit of negative pressure as well as reduced dressing changes. Skin grafting of the hand provides a unique challenge, and currently, the only commercially available NPWT hand dressings are adult-sized, precluding their ...
Nease Cheryl - - 2009
The use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is well established in the management of hard-to-heal wounds. One institution, familiar with NPWT's capabilities as well as its shortcomings (eg, pain at dressing changes and pain with the maximum recommended setting of 125 mm Hg), sought a viable alternative. A low ...
Hirai M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare the interface pressure during posture changes and exercise between elastic stockings and bandages. METHODS: Using a pressure transducer (air pack-type analyzer), the interface pressures associated with three different elastic stockings and three different elastic bandages were measured during supine resting, standing and exercise in 15 healthy volunteers. ...
Ahearn Cindy - - 2009
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is used to treat a wide and growing range of problematic acute and chronic wounds. Continuous therapy delivered at -125 mm Hg has been routinely recommended, despite consistent research findings suggesting potential advantages to the use of lower pressures and intermittent therapy. To enhance understanding ...
Yamashiro Etsuko - - 2009
A 69-year-old woman presented with shivering and pain in the lower extremities on 5 April 2006; she was referred to the dermatology division of our hospital on the following day with difficulty in walking. She had been suffering from non-viral, non-alcoholic liver cirrhosis, and was being treated by the Division ...
Damstra Robert J - - 2009
Short stretch bandages are very effective in the initial management of arm lymphedema. However, no studies to date have measured the pressure required to achieve specific amounts of volume reduction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a difference between low and high-pressure bandaging in terms ...
Johnson C Starck - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a biodendrimer adhesive will seal a clear corneal cataract incision. DESIGN: An experimental study in which 2.75-mm clear corneal cataract incisions were made in 8 human donor eyes. The corneas were mounted on an artificial anterior chamber. Leaking pressure was determined in 6 corneas. These corneas ...
Naicker A S - - 2009
A 56-year-old man became quadriplegic, bed bound, and carer-dependent secondary to cervical osteomyelitis. Three years later, he presented with generalised spasticity, crouched posture, and a large sacral pressure sore. The severe spasticity in his hips and knees prevented ischial sitting. Injections of botulinum toxin type A to both hamstrings and ...
Witkowski Wojciech - - 2009
Topical Negative Pressure (TNP) has become an accepted intervention in wound healing with a growing body of scientific literature supporting the effectiveness of TNP across a wide variety of wound aetiologies. The range of TNP devices has also increased with perhaps the primary distinction being between those TNP devices that ...
Bartlett Gavin E - - 2009
High pressures around implants can cause bone lysis and loosening. We investigated how pressures are generated around cemented femoral stems. We compared the pressures generated by rough and polished tapered stems at their cement interfaces, in an in vitro model, before and after 1 million load cycles. At the start ...
Ogbemudia, AO; ;
The safety of the pneumatic tourniquet lies in the fact that the pressure generated beneath it can be determined and is reproducible unlike the rubber bandage tourniquet with subjective and irreproducible tissue pressure. Application of the rubber bandage over the cuff of an aneroid sphygmomanometer enabled direct determination of tourniquet ...
Park Chan J - - 2009
Pressure ulcers are a significant healthcare concern, especially for elderly populations. Our work served to ameliorate the chronicity of these ulcers by addressing ischemia-reperfusion injury mediated by neutrophils and the concomitant loss of vasculature in these wounds. To this end, chitosan scaffolds loaded with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) contained ...
Wilkes R - - 2009
Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy, also referred to as vacuum-assisted closure negative pressure wound therapy (VAC NPWT), delivered to various dermal wounds is believed to influence the formation of granulation tissue via the mechanism of microdeformational signals. In recent years, numerous experimental investigations have been initiated to study the cause-effect relationships ...
Stiefel Dorothea - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Integra artificial skin (Integra) (Integra Life Sciences Corporation, Plainsboro, NJ) is increasingly used as a skin substitute in reconstructive surgery. However, reliable fixation to the wound bed, a factor of paramount importance for successful application, is often hard to achieve. The vacuum-assisted closure system (VAC; KCI, Switzerland), a well-established ...
Garabekyan Tigran - - 2009
Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is the result of decreased perfusion pressure (PP), and the diagnosis frequently requires invasive monitoring. Our objective was to test a new noninvasive ultrasound device for correlating PP with measurements of fascial displacement in a controlled porcine model of ACS. We hypothesized that fascial displacement in ...
Malmsjö Malin - - 2009
Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT), also known as topical negative-pressure therapy, is widely used to manage wounds and accelerate healing. NPWT has so far been delivered mainly via open-cell polyurethane foam, but increasing interest has been directed toward delivering NPWT via gauze. In the present study, the early effects of NPWT ...
McNulty Amy K - - 2009
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) using reticulated open cell foam dressing (ROCF) is effective for treatment of recalcitrant wounds; however, the effects of this therapy on cellular metabolism remain to be elucidated. The effect of two different subatmospheric pressure applications on the cell energetics of human fibroblasts grown in a ...
Welvaart Willem N - - 2009
Wound complications following surgical resection in patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy are common and can be a difficult problem to manage. Negative pressure dressing technology appears to be safe and effective in the treatment of radiation-associated wound complications and can be used in the outpatients clinic setting. The presented ...
Kairinos Nicolas - - 2009
Does negative-pressure wound therapy reduce or increase the pressure of wound tissues? This seemingly obvious question has never been addressed by a study on living tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nature of tissue pressure changes in relation to negative-pressure wound therapy. Three negative-pressure wound therapy ...
Kairinos Nicolas - - 2009
A recent study demonstrated that negative-pressure wound therapy increases underlying tissue pressure. This finding is incongruous with studies using laser Doppler that show that perfusion is immediately increased on initiation of suction. This study investigated perfusion in negative-pressure wound therapy using two alternative modalities. Radioisotope perfusion imaging was used to ...
Mokhtari Arash - - 2009
Previous research has shown -125 mmHg to be the optimal negative pressure for creating an environment that promotes wound healing, and this has therefore been adopted as a standard pressure for patients with deep sternal wound infection. However, it has not yet been clearly shown that -125 mmHg is the ...
Park Christopher A - - 2009
Integra (Integra Lifesciences Corporation, Plainsboro, NJ) has been used in a variety of reconstructive surgical procedures. The application of Integra using subatmospheric pressure (V.A.C., Kinetic Concepts, Inc, San Antonio, TX) has been suggested to be easier, faster, and more consistent than previous dressings, allowing grafting as soon as 1 week ...
Taira Breena R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several non-invasive wound-closure devices are available. Clinical studies of low-tension lacerations suggest similar clinical outcomes with these devices. OBJECTIVE: We compared the wound-bursting strengths (WBS) of octyl-cyanoacrylate (Dermabond), butyl-cyanoacrylate (Histoacryl Blue), and adhesive tape (Steri-Strips). METHODS: Design-randomized, controlled, blinded experiment. Setting-university-based division of laboratory animal research. Subjects-15 Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Marko, Alexei John
While the use of pneumatic surgical tourniquet systems to maintain a bloodless surgical field in limb surgeries has become commonplace, their use may occasionally result in serious complications such as nerve injury and there is evidence that some injury occurs as a result of each usage. It is commonly accepted ...
Murphey Gary C - - 2009
Negative pressure wound therapy has become ubiquitous in orthopedic surgery and it is therefore important to understand the physiologic conditions of this therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude and depth of negative pressure transmission into underlying muscle tissue in a wound model. We hypothesized that ...
Glaser Jacob J - - 2009
Warfare-related torso/abdominal wounds are often unique and complex and can pose a significant reconstructive challenge. The objective of this manuscript is to report the unique and successful management of a complex warfare-related abdominal wound. A dermal regenerate template in combination with negative pressure wound therapy was used to reconstitute lateral ...
McIe Stacie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pressure dressings have been used as the standard following sheath removal after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in many institutions. Patients complain about discomfort while the dressing is in place, pain when the dressing is removed after discharge, and skin complications afterward. Many patients have experienced skin irritation where tape has ...
Fife C E - - 2009
Transcutaneous oximetry (PtcO2) is finding increasing application as a diagnostic tool to assess the peri-wound oxygen tension of wounds, ulcers, and skin flaps. It must be remembered that PtcO2 measures the oxygen partial pressure in adjacent areas of a wound and does not represent the actual partial pressure of oxygen ...
Cheatham Michael L - - 2009
"Intra-abdominal hypertension", the presence of elevated intra-abdominal pressure, and "abdominal compartment syndrome", the development of pressure-induced organ-dysfunction and failure, have been increasingly recognized over the past decade as causes of significant morbidity and mortality among critically ill surgical and medical patients. Elevated intra-abdominal pressure can cause significant impairment of cardiac, ...
Vrouwenvelder J S - - 2009
In an earlier study, it was shown that biofouling predominantly is a feed spacer channel problem. In this article, pressure drop development and biofilm accumulation in membrane fouling simulators have been studied without permeate production as a function of the process parameters substrate concentration, linear flow velocity, substrate load and ...
Sciortino Christopher M - - 2009
This article describes a patient who developed severe subcutaneous emphysema and a persistent air leak after several attempts at needle thoracostomy for what was thought to be a tension pneumothorax. Subcutaneous emphysema was effectively treated with a topical negative pressure wound therapy dressing applied to a typical subfacial "blowhole" incision. ...
Ergul Emre - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Enoxaparin is an important molecule which had been using in prophylaxis and treatment of deep venous thrombosis. Also, it is showed that it prevents postsurgical peritoneal adhesions in rats. It is aimed to evaluate its effects on gastrointestinal wound healing. METHODS: Thirty Wistar albino rats were divided into three ...
Wild Thomas - - 2008
Redon drains are still used to suction wounds for vacuum sealing. Vacuum-assisted closure (V.A.C.((R)); Kinetic Concepts Inc, San Antonio, TX) is a computer-controlled therapy system for delivering topical negative pressure therapy. The efficiency of V.A.C. in the treatment of pressure ulcers was prospectively studied in a randomised controlled trial in ...
Vrouwenvelder J S - - 2009
Biofouling was studied in full-scale and pilot-scale installations, test-rigs and membrane fouling monitors by conventional methods as well as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Independent of permeate production, the feed spacer channel pressure drop and biomass concentration increased similarly in a nanofiltration pilot installation. In the presence of a feed spacer ...
Kairinos Nicolas - - 2010
Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has revolutionised wound care. Yet, it is still not understood how hypobaric tissue pressure accelerates wound healing. There is very little reported on the relevant physics of any substance subjected to suction in this manner. The common assumption is that applying suction to a substance is ...
Ceelen K K - - 2008
Prolonged mechanical loading of soft tissues adjacent to bony prominences can lead to degeneration of muscle tissue, resulting in a condition termed pressure-related deep tissue injury. This type of deep pressure ulcers can develop into a severe wound, associated with problematic healing and a variable prognosis. Limited knowledge of the ...
Webb Lawrence X - - 2008
There are currently 2 main theories regarding the mechanism of action of negative pressure wound therapy with reticulated open cell foam (NPWT/ROCF) as delivered by V.A.C.(R) Therapy (KCI, San Antonio, TX). The first is based on the stimulatory effect of microstrain on cellular mitogenesis, angiogenesis, and elaboration of growth factors. ...
Thomas Raenell - - 2008
Pressure ulcers are localized skin injuries secondary to unrelieved pressure or friction. Patients with immobility issues are at increased risk for developing pressure ulcers. In 2004, stricter federal regulations for prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers in institutional settings--eg, long-term care facilities--were introduced. Effective, low-cost treatments for pressure ulcers are ...
Aizawa Kazuya - - 2008
We performed multiwavelength photoacoustic (PA) measurement for extensive deep dermal burns in rats to monitor the healing process of the wounds. The PA signal peak at 532 nm, an isosbestic point for oxyhemoglobin (HbO(2)) and deoxyhemoglobin (HHb), was found to shift to a shallower region of the injured skin tissue ...
Pavlaković Goran - - 2008
Studies using quantitative sensory testing (QST) often present incongruent results due to intra- and intersubject as well as interobserver variability which limit widespread use of the technique. Eliminating or reducing the factors responsible for this variability is of great interest, as it increases reliability and reproducibility of QST. Thermal sensory ...
Flanigan Thomas L - - 2008
Luminal pressure may injure the gut mucosa in obstruction, ileus, or inflammatory bowel disease. We formed Roux-en-Y anastomoses in 19 mice, creating proximal and defunctionalized partially obstructed limbs and a distal limb to vary luminal pressure and flow. We induced mucosal ulcers by serosal acetic acid, and assessed proliferation (proliferating ...
Parmaksızoglu Fatih - - 2011
Background: Advancement of pressurized air through subcutaneous tissue after barotraumas involving skin laceration has been documented in the literature. The type and anatomic location of injury, amount of pressure, and time elapsed all play a role in determining the destination of the air advancing through tissues. Objectives: To report a ...
Hope William W - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The addition of staple-line reinforcements on circular anastomoses has not been well studied. We histologically and mechanically analyzed circular- stapled anastomoses with and without bioabsorbable staple-line reinforcement (SeamGuard, W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, AZ) in a porcine model. METHODS: Gastrojejunal anastomoses were constructed using a #25 EEA Proximate ...
Englehart Michael S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hemostatic dressings have become increasingly popular as the optimal initial treatment for severe hemorrhage. The purpose of this study was to compare the hemostatic properties of a novel highly porous silica and chitosan-based dressing (TraumaStat) to HemCon, and gauze dressing in a severe groin injury model in swine. METHODS: ...
Gjerstad Ann Christin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to use skin conductance as a measure of increased stress in artificially ventilated children. The aim was to examine how changes in skin conductance, arterial blood pressure, and heart rate are associated with changes in the modified COMFORT sedation score during suction from the trachea. Nociceptive stimulation ...
Childress Beverly - - 2008
Compelling evidence suggests that nitric oxide (NO*), a metabolite of arginine, plays an important role in wound healing. Arginine is a semi-essential amino acid that is metabolized by nitric oxide synthase and arginase. One model for wound-healing regulation suggests the importance of strict reciprocal control of these enzymes in wounds. ...
Brisson Brigitte A - - 2008
CASE DESCRIPTION: A 1-year-old neutered male cat was examined because of a 6-month history of recurrent swelling and draining wounds affecting the craniomedial aspect of the distal portion of the left forelimb. CLINICAL FINDINGS: No lameness or neurologic deficits were evident. Examination of craniocaudal and lateromedial radiographic views revealed nonprogressive ...
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