Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1115
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Qu Lefeng - - 2004
PURPOSE: Using an animal model we have assessed sutureless anastomoses. METHODS: The two cut ends of the rabbit common carotid artery were sutured by three stitches with a 120 degrees interval circumferentially, then two optional threads were pulled horizontally and 0.1 ml adhesive was smeared on the attached surface of ...
Spatz H-Ch - - 2004
The endodermis of different species of the genus Equisetum has different configurations, two or one continuous layers or a sheath only around the vascular bundles. The question whether the endodermis contributes to the mechanical stability of the aerial shoots is investigated in two ways: In a direct approach, the endodermis ...
Wolvos Tom - - 2004
Negative pressure wound therapy uses a reticulated sponge and subatmospheric pressure to facilitate healing of a variety of wounds. The therapy appears to assist wound healing by decreasing wound bacterial burden and edema while facilitating granulation tissue formation. The latest development in negative pressure wound therapy allows clinicians to instill ...
van der Voort van Zyp Jochem - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that pressure stimulates colon cancer cell adhesion to surgical wounds. METHODS: We quantitated adhesion of murine 26/51 transplantable colon cancer cells by cell counting or chromium 51-labeling. Tumor cells were added to murine surgical wounds after 30 minutes preincubation under ambient or 15 mm Hg increased pressure. ...
Megyesi Joseph F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The watertight closure of the dura mater is fundamental to intracranial procedures in neurosurgery. Nevertheless, for any given operator and type of suture, it is still not certain which suturing technique affords the most watertight dural closure. We have developed a laboratory model that allows us to compare the ...
Flivik Gunnar - - 2004
During total hip arthroplasty, the intraoperative cementation pressure was measured inside one of the acetabular anchorage holes. Patients were randomized to pressurization of cement with either a conventional pressurizer or a sequential method including individual pressurization of each anchorage hole. The pressure was correlated to the cement penetration measured on ...
Naimer Sody Abby - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that the urgent control of active bleeding from external body surfaces demands a basic procedure, it is puzzling that this topic has received little if any attention in modern medical research. Elastic adhesive dressing (ELAD) has been proposed for dressing the bleeding wound. METHODS AND MATERIALS: ...
Löffler H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Tape stripping is a common method for investigating stratum corneum (SC) physiology as well as bioavailability and bioequivalence of topical drugs. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of procedures (anatomical site, pressure, pressure duration, tape removal rate) inherent in each stripping protocol on changes in skin physiology. METHODS: Tape stripping ...
Tachi Masahiro - - 2004
Topical negative pressure is gaining popularity as an acute and chronic wound management technique. In general, foam dressing is applied to the wound surface to maintain negative pressure. Due to the potential for clogging by the foam dressing, topical negative pressure cannot be used when there is a high volume ...
Cannon Bradley C - - 2004
PURPOSE: Wound healing, the epidemiology and staging of pressure ulcers, and pressure ulcer prevention and treatment are discussed. SUMMARY: The principal event leading to the formation of pressure ulcers appears to be a consistent interruption in blood supply to the skin. Several known risk factors exist and can be attributed ...
Moisidis Elias - - 2004
Topical negative pressure has been demonstrated to improve graft take in a number of noncomparative studies. This study aimed to assess whether split-thickness skin graft take is improved qualitatively or quantitatively with topical negative pressure therapy compared with standard bolster dressings. A blinded, prospective, randomized trial was conducted of 22 ...
Frías Soriano L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of an oral nutritional supplement that is rich in protein and enriched with arginine, vitamin C and zinc on the healing of pressure ulcers. METHOD: Thirty-nine patients with grade III or IV pressure ulcers were enrolled into this open intervention study. Subjects received an oral ...
Armstrong David G - - 2004
This study evaluated changes in pressure imparted to diabetic foot wounds using a novel negative pressure bridging technique coupled with a robust removable cast walker. Ten patients had plantar pressures assessed with and without a bridged negative pressure dressing on the foot. Off-loading was accomplished with a pressure-relief walker. Plantar ...
Roth Sandra E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Venting during prophylactic nailing of metastatic femoral lesions may decrease intramedullary pressures and the risk of fat and tumor embolization. This study aimed to quantify maximum intramedullary pressure levels and durations, and to examine tumor displacement during prophylactic reamed intramedullary nailing of vented and nonvented metastatically involved femora. METHODS: ...
Miyake Hiroji - - 2004
A new irrigation sucker (Delta Irrigation Sucker) was designed for microneurosurgery. The Delta Irrigation Sucker has a unique trigonal pyramid-shape thumb piece, providing a very stable grip. Irrigation is achieved easily by pushing a small button just behind the pressure-regulating pore. Stable hold of the sucker and easy handling of ...
Rosales Anthony - - 2004
Maggot debridement therapy is rapidly increasing in popularity at major diabetic foot and wound care centers worldwide. However, we are unaware of specific guidelines on the short-term storage of larvae. We sought to evaluate differences in maggot motility over time in larvae refrigerated versus those stored at room temperature. We ...
Kemppainen Barbara W - - 2004
A previous study showed that topical exposure to bioelastic-thromboxane synthetase inhibitor-matrix resulted in local tissue concentrations of thromboxane synthetase inhibitor sufficient for thromboxane synthetase inhibition. The objective of this research was to use an animal model to determine if a dressing having controlled release of thromboxane synthetase inhibitor (dazmegrel) could ...
Parsch Dominik - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There are few studies on the effect of acetabular cup design on cement penetration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated the effects of an acetabular flange on cement pressurization and cement penetration in 12 cadavers. Flanged or unflanged cups were implanted in paired human acetabula with simulated intraosseous bleeding pressure ...
Grebing Brett R - - 2004
Although used routinely as a tourniquet in forefoot surgery, the pressure under an Esmark bandage has had little evaluation, and its use has been discouraged by some. The purpose of this study was to quantitate the pressure generated by an elastic bandage in a clinical setting and compare several different ...
Kamolz L-P - - 2004
Thermal trauma causes two different types of injuries within the burn wound. First, an immediate and irreversible injury, and, second, a delayed and partly reversible injury. It is a very common observation in burned patients that areas that initially seemed to be partial thickness burns have to be regarded as ...
McPhail lan R - - 2004
Transcutaneous partial pressure of oxygen (TcPO2) predicts wound healing in critical ischemia. However, no studies have controlled for the effect of wounds on TcPO2. In this study, in 24 hip or knee arthroplasty cases without vascular disease, TcPO2 was measured preoperatively at the incision site, contralaterally, and at a reference ...
Basler Rodney S W - - 2004
Because the skin is the athlete's first line of defense, it is exposed to friction and pressure in nearly every athletic setting. Whether applied acutely or chronically, friction and pressure often cause skin trauma, such as abrasions, chafing, calluses, blisters, talon noir (black heel), and acne mechanica. Sports medicine clinicians, ...
Oberst Michael - - 2004
This study shows the local changes in intramedullary pressure during a new endoscopic technique for the medullary canal of the long bone. The procedure of intramedullary bone endoscopy (IBE) was performed on 4 tibial amputations. By slowly pushing the endoscope distally under visual control and endoscopic preparation of the medullary ...
Diaz-Borjon Efrain - - 2004
This study describes a new tibial cement punch pressurizer to enhance cement penetration into the metaphyseal cancellous bone of the tibial plateau. Thirty knees of 15 patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were randomly selected to receive the tibial cement punch pressurizer on one side, with the opposite ...
Molnar Joseph A - - 2004
In an effort to accelerate vascularization and simplify the care of Integra (Ethicon, Inc., Somerville, N.J.), topical subatmospheric pressure was used for eight patients (age range, 2 to 60 years) with complex wounds. Bone was exposed in 62.5 percent of cases, joint in 50 percent, tendon in 37.5 percent, and ...
Verleisdonk E J M M - - 2004
This prospective study aims to describe the results of fasciotomy in patients with exercise-induced pain in the lower leg with suspected (chronic) exertional compartment syndrome. The diagnosis of (chronic) exertional compartment syndrome was made if pain in the lateral side of the lower leg after a standard physical load was ...
Clasbrummel - - 2004
Microtechnology components are already pointing the way forwards in minimally invasive diagnosis, therapy and therapy monitoring, in implants and medication dosage systems. The latest developments show a wide range of new possible uses for microtechnology in medical applications. The world market in physical pressure, temperature and acceleration sensors was worth ...
Papalambros E - - 2004
Seventy two rats underwent small bowel resection followed by end-to-end anastomosis. The octreotide group consisted of 36 rats treated with octreotide (subcutaneously, 7 microg/kg/day, in two equal doses), and the control group consisted of 36 rats treated with the same volume saline. Twelve animals from each group were re-explored on ...
Tomita Seiji - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo biomechanical study using cadaver vertebral bodies. OBJECTIVE.: To measure the increase in internal vertebral body pressure from cement injection during vertebroplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Theoretically, the increased force required to inject polymerizing (viscous) cement into a vertebral body during vertebroplasty could produce a concomitant increase ...
Parsch Dominik - - 2004
In this cadaver study, we compared 2 different acetabular cement pressurizers (Exeter and Bernoski type) in paired human acetabula with simulated intraosseous bleeding. Pressure transducers were used to record intra-acetabular pressures during pressurization. Anteroposterior radiographs of the entire specimens were taken. Subsequently, standardized 3-mm-thick sections were cut through the acetabula, ...
Ogawa T - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Edentulous oral mucosa involves different tissue types, various innervation and wound healing process. We hypothesized that pressure pain threshold (PPT) of edentulous oral mucosa varies significantly among different regions. The objective of this study is to examine regional differences and correlations of PPT in edentulous oral mucosa. METHODS: Pain ...
Armstrong David G - - 2004
Over the past generation, there have been a number of significant advances in wound healing in general. Unfortunately, much of this has not translated into increased success in healing wounds on the sole of the foot. We believe that much of this therapeutic disconnect has to do with an inadequate ...
Weed Tonja - - 2004
The bacterial colonization of a wound is a recognized detrimental factor in the multifactorial process of wound healing. The harmful effects on wound healing are recognized to correspond to a level of > 10(5) colonies of bacteria per gram of tissue. Negative pressure wound therapy has become an accepted treatment ...
Ludwig Corinna - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the resistance to pressure of a bronchial stump depending upon the closure technique. For the experimental study, 30 pig tracheae were alternatively closed either by a double-layer running suture at 90 degrees to the cartilaginous rings or with an automatic stapling device. ...
Niinikoski Juha H A - - 2004
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is an important adjunct in the management of problem wounds which exist in chronic oxygen deficiency and in which the local oxygen tension is below optimal for healing. In the treatment of hypoxic and ischemic wounds, the most important effects of hyperbaric oxygenation are the stimulation ...
Klein Robert W - - 2004
In this investigation, the static tensile strength of bone cement was quantified after mixing it in an open bowl or in a commercially available vacuum mixer and molding it under pressures consistent with values obtained by finger/digital application, as it is used in surgery. Pressure, held for a brief time ...
Singer Marc A - - 2004
Chronic steroid treatment is known to delay wound healing; however, there are no trials examining stapled intestinal anastomoses in subjects chronically treated with steroids. The current study compares mechanically stapled to manually sutured intestinal anastomoses in a steroid-treated porcine model. Twenty adult male pigs were treated with daily prednisolone (0.5 ...
Yastrub Diane J - - 2004
The prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers has always been of paramount concern to geriatric health care providers. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between two types of treatments and the degree of wound healing among status post-cerebral vascular accident (CVA) institutionalized geriatric patients with stage ...
Dunne N J - - 2004
The objective of this study was to measure the medullary pressures generated during bone cement injection, pressurization and femoral prosthesis insertion. The measurements were recorded throughout the length of an in vitro femoral model while implanting a series of prosthetic hip stems using different pressurization techniques. The prostheses used were ...
Fang Qiang - - 2004
Acupuncture has been a major part of primary healthcare in China for thousands of years. The acupuncture points or biological active points (BAP), also known as low-resistance spots or good electro-permeable points, have relative lower electric resistance than the surrounding tissues. There are many factors that can affect the measurement ...
Light T D - - 2004
Real-time metabolic monitoring of varied vascular beds provides the raw data necessary to conduct ultraprecise burn shock resuscitation based on second-by-second assessment of regional tissue perfusion. It also illustrates shortcomings of current clinical practices. Arterial base deficit was continuously monitored during 11 clinical resuscitations of patients suffering burn shock using ...
Dale J J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare performance of four commercial four-layer bandage systems when applied to the leg. METHODS: Four experienced bandagers applied each system: [Profore Regular (Smith and Nephew); Ultra-Four (Robinson); System 4 (Seton) and K Four (Parema)] to the same leg. Bandages were applied as single layers and as completed systems ...
Lasheen Ahmed E - - 2004
The practice of internal tissue expansion by implanting a silicone balloon into the soft tissue under the skin is now known to be associated with a significant risk of complications. Therefore, we designed and developed a new technique of mechanical external tissue expansion achieved by using negative pressure created through ...
Ayling John - - 2004
The lungs are surrounded by the pleural membranes. The visceral pleura directly covers the lung and is separated from the parietal pleura by a layer of surfactant, which reduces friction during respiratory movement. A potential space exists between these two layers, and they may become separated by fluid or air. ...
Thiex R - - 2004
A 60-year-old man developed a severe left hemiparesis and central facial palsy, accompanied by somnolence and dysarthria 9 days after a gunshot wound to the right temporal region, from which he slowly recovered over 3 months. MRI disclosed bilateral oedema of the pyramidal tracts. This was interpreted as a consequence ...
Conquest Anne M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Application of the Vacuum-Assisted Closure device (VAC) to open sternal wounds has negative hemodynamic effects. We hypothesized that the interposition of a muscle flap attenuates these negative hemodynamic effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional approval, monitoring lines were placed in anesthetized, ventilated pigs. Through a median sternotomy, sonometric crystals ...
Seror Dan - - 2003
Still debated are the appropriate techniques for the repair of abdominal wall defects and the methods used to measure their strength. Although tension has been used in many studies to test wound strength, bursting pressure reflects more accurately the pathophysiology of wound dehiscence. The aim of the current study was ...
Vos W K - - 2003
Human living skin generates an increase in the skin potential when compressed. This was measured on eight subjects with a matrix of nine Ag/AgCl electrodes. The potential increased with the pressure until it reached a maximum. When the pressure was increased stepwise, the response showed an overshoot at each step. ...
Cherkasski B - - 2003
The aim of the present research was to evaluate intra-pulpal pressure with respect to a combination of factors that are known to reduce pulpward pressure transmission in the laboratory while maintaining acceptable seating of the crowns. Thirty premolars were prepared for full crowns and individual crowns were cast. Ten teeth ...
Tanaka Kunihiko - - 2003
During extravehicular activity (EVA), current space suits are pressurized with 100% oxygen at approximately 222 mmHg. A tight elastic garment, or mechanical counter pressure (MCP) suit that generates pressure by compression, may have several advantages over current space suit technology. In this study, we investigated local microcirculatory effects produced with ...
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