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Results 401 - 450 of 1543
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Li Yi-Dan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is an effective treatment for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) by dissecting the residual thrombus from the native vessel wall. The goal of PEA is to improve pulmonary hemodynamics and right ventricular dysfunction, and thus increase exercise capacity, alleviate symptoms and decrease mortality. The aim of ...
Berge Hilde M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: Scarce data exist on blood pressure (BP) and secondary effects in young athletes. Hence, we aimed to study prevalence of high BP (≥140/90 mmHg) and the association to arterial compliance, left ventricle mass and left atrium volume. METHODS:: A Norwegian preparticipation cardiac screening of male professional football players enrolled 493 ...
Makowski K - - 2013
The study aimed to determine the relationship between left ventricular (LV) diastolic function and the heart's spontaneous baroreflex at rest and in response to orthostatic stress during a prospective follow-up of hypertensive patients with LV hypertrophy (LVH+). LV structure and function and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) during tilt testing were evaluated ...
Tomimatsu T - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between maternal arterial stiffness and delivery of a baby that is small for gestational age (SGA) in normotensive pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Pulse wave analyses were performed to assess maternal arterial stiffness at 26-33 weeks of gestation in 40 normotensive women who subsequently delivered SGA ...
Ostergaard Kristine H - - 2013
The giraffe heart has a relative mass similar to other mammals, but generates twice the blood pressure to overcome the gravitational challenge of perfusing the cerebral circulation. To provide insight as to how the giraffe left ventricle (LV) is structurally adapted to tackle such a high afterload, we performed a ...
Doménech Mónica - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation. Activation of the renin-angiotensin-system seems to be involved in atrial enlargement, with release of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between ambulatory blood pressure and levels of natriuretic peptides, with ...
Boyd Anita C - - 2013
Hypertension (HT) is associated with left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction and consequent left atrial (LA) dilatation. We investigated changes in LA size and phasic function by decade in patients with HT. Patients with mild or moderate HT (n = 122) were compared with a case controlled normal cohort (blood pressure ...
Hur Ender - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fluid overload is the main determinant of hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy in hemodialysis patients. However, assessment of fluid overload can be difficult in clinical practice. We investigated whether objective measurement of fluid overload with bioimpedance spectroscopy is helpful in optimizing fluid status. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, and controlled ...
Wutzler Alexander - - 2013
AIMS: Propofol is commonly used as an anaesthetic during catheter ablation. Bradycardia and termination of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) under propofol are reported. Ketamine is used for cardiac catheterization procedures and increases heart rate and blood pressure. Our study aimed to determine the effects of propopfol and ketamine on atrial electrophysiology.METHODS ...
Lange T J - - 2013
Background:  Current guidelines recommend echocardiography as the preferred screening method for pulmonary hypertension (PH). The probability of PH is primarily assessed by estimating the right ventricular systolic pressure while the value of qualitative parameters is uncertain. The aim of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield of qualitative and ...
Almeida Antonio E M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The best protocol for home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) is not well defined. In this study, we compare two protocols of HBPM considering 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) as a reference standard for the diagnosis of hypertension. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-eight patients were subjected to 24 ...
Herberg Ulrike - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Pressure-volume relations (PVR) provide vital information regarding ventricular performance and cardiac pathophysiology. Acquiring PVR by conductance catheter technology is invasive and laborious, which explains why the assessment of PVR is not used in clinical practice. Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) allows almost instantaneous capture of ventricular volume changes throughout the ...
Morgan Jeffrey A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Continuous-flow (CF) pumps have yielded improvements in short- and long-term survival and quality of life, and have reduced the number of left ventricular assist device (LVAD)-related complications. However, their ability to unload the right ventricle (RV) and improve RV function has not been as clearly defined. We evaluated the ...
Terrovitis John V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical assessment of jugular venous pressure (JVP) provides accurate estimate of right atrial pressure (RAP), there is no reliable non-invasive method for assessing pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP). Our objective was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity for detecting elevated left ventricular filling pressures using a model ...
Drazner Mark H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Although right atrial pressure (RAP) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) are correlated in heart failure, in a sizeable minority of patients the RAP and PCWP are not tightly coupled. The basis of this variability in the RAP to PCWP ratio, and whether it conveys prognostic value, is not ...
Schwerdtfeger Andreas R - - 2013
Depressive symptoms have been related to autonomic nervous system dysregulation. Recent research found attenuated cardiovascular reactivity to self-relevant tasks. The aim of this study was to examine whether blunted blood pressure reactivity in dysphoric individuals is moderated by impaired effort mobilization and behavioral approach. Seventy-five individuals were instructed to sing ...
Drange Hole Lisa - - 2013
Abstract Aim: Short-time models (STM) to study the cardiotoxicity (acute or chronic) of doxorubicin in rats are of interest to assess protective interventions and pathways. STM promotes more ethical animal treatment with less stress, and at a lower cost compared to established long-time models (LTM). We wanted to investigate if ...
Ghosh Erina - - 2013
Impedance has been used in vascular biology to characterize the frequency dependent opposition the circulatory system presents to blood flow in response to a pulsatile pressure gradient. It has also been used to characterize diastolic function (DF) via the early, diastolic left ventricular (LV) pressure-flow relation. In a normal LV, ...
Aljizeeri Ahmed - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Systemic hypertension is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. Data regarding temporal relationship of left atrial (LA) remodeling to onset of hypertension are sparse. We aimed to quantitate LA structural and functional remodeling in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. METHOD: We prospectively identified 380 patients with newly ...
Miyoshi Hirokazu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) has recently been applied to evaluate left atrial (LA) function in addition to left ventricular (LV) function. However, whether 2DSTE can provide insight into LA-LV interaction related to an increase in LV pressure overload remains unknown. METHODS: One hundred five asymptomatic patients with hypertension ...
Shingu Yasushige - - 2013
Background There is currently no standard for the assessment of contractile function in animals. We aimed to determine whether transthoracic echocardiography in rats with chronic pressure overload allows determining the stage of hypertrophy and heart failure (HF).Methods Pressure overload was created by placement of a metal clip around the thoracic aorta at ...
Tanaka Jun - - 2013
The aim of this study was to elucidate patent foramen ovale (PFO) morphology and the change of PFO size using real-time 3-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). PFO is a 3D structure, and its shape changes during the cardiac cycle. Therefore, it may be difficult to estimate accurate PFO morphology using ...
Zwanenburg Alex - - 2013
Background:The understanding of hypoxemia-induced changes in baroreflex function is limited and may be studied in a fetal sheep experiment before, during, and after standardized hypoxic conditions.Methods:Preterm fetal lambs were instrumented at 102 days gestation (term: 146 days). At 106 days intra-uterine hypoxic-ischemia was induced by 25-min of umbilical cord occlusion ...
Ormiston John A - - 2013
Percutaneous transcatheter renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) is a promising treatment for refractory hypertension (HT). RDN was found in one series of clinical studies to reduce systolic blood pressure (SBP) by as much as a mean of 30 mmHg with 85% of subjects experiencing sustained reductions of 10 mm or more ...
Lee Namheon - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: With the success of early repair, continued functional assessment of repaired congenital heart disease is critical for improved long-term outcome. Pulmonary regurgitation, which is one of the main postoperative sequelae of congenital heart disease involved with the right ventricle (RV) such as tetralogy of Fallot and transposition of the ...
Pasdois Philippe - - 2013
Rationale: Mitochondrial-bound hexokinase II (HK2) was recently proposed to play a crucial role in the normal functioning of the beating heart and to be necessary to maintain mitochondrial membrane potential. However, our own studies confirmed that mitochondria from ischemic rat hearts were HK2-depleted, yet showed no indication of depolarization and ...
Minatoguchi Shinya - - 2013
Early morning hypertension and a high heart rate are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The DOHSAM study was designed to evaluate the effect of candesartan on early morning blood pressure (BP) and heart rate in hypertensives. We used a prospective, randomized, open-label design. Protocol 1: Patients with early morning BP ...
Gmitrov Juraj - - 2013
We compared in conscious rabbits, sedated using pentobarbital intravenous (i.v.) infusion (5 mg kg(- 1) h(- 1)), the effect of a static magnetic field (SMF), generated by Nd(2)-Fe(14)-B magnets, on microcirculation during its 40 min local exposure to the microvascular network in cutaneous tissue [20 sham exposure and 20 SMF (0.25 T) exposure runs] or to sinocarotid ...
Loh Joshua P - - 2013
The CardioMEMS Champion Heart Failure Monitoring System (CardioMEMS, Atlanta, Georgia) is a permanently implantable pressure measurement system designed to wirelessly measure and monitor pulmonary artery (PA) pressure and heart rate in heart failure (HF) patients to guide ambulatory HF management and to reduce HF hospital stays. On December 8, 2011, ...
Hobkirk James P - - 2013
AIMS: The objective of this study was to establish the acute effects of hypoxia on clinical, spirometric, haemodynamic, and echocardiographic variables. Reducing inspired oxygen to 15%, as experienced during commercial air travel, decreases arterial oxygen saturation, increases respiratory rate and pulmonary artery pressure in healthy subjects. The effect on patients ...
Damasceno Denis D - - 2013
In order to understand the mechanisms of interaction between tonin-angiotensin and renin-angiotensin systems (RAS) we evaluated, "in vivo" and "in vitro", in Wistar rats, cardiovascular and electrocardiographic parameters after tonin administration. Arterial pressure (AP) and electrocardiogram (ECG) were recorded in awake animals before and after tonin administration. Langendorff technique was ...
Boos Christopher J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the effects of prolonged acute hypoxia on individual and global measures of biventricular function. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess its effects on conventional and novel measures of biventricular function, including the recently defined E'/(A'×S') (EAS) index, obtained using pulsed-wave tissue ...
Padeletti Luigi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that the left ventricular (LV) pacing site is a major determinant of the hemodynamic response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). However, lead positioning in a lateral or posterolateral cardiac vein may not be optimal for every patient. The objective of this study was to assess ...
Scheen André J - - 2013
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors (commonly referred to as gliptins) are a novel class of oral antihyperglycaemic agents with demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Preclinical data and mechanistic studies have indicated a possible beneficial action on blood vessels and the heart, via both glucagon-like ...
Ortiz-Melo David - - 2013
The epidemiological association between high salt intake and hypertension is well established. However, in most patients, the specific defect causing salt-dependent hypertension cannot be discerned. In this issue of Cell Metabolism, Rakova and associates use an unprecedented study design to characterize long-term salt balance in humans (Rakova et al., 2012).
Vos Jorn - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Accurate determination of MAP is important in the calibration of pressure waveforms for calculating central blood pressure (BP). Currently, a precise, individualized measurement of mean arterial pressure (MAP) can be obtained only with intra-arterial measurements of BP or with applanation tonometry. We conducted a study of whether easy-to-use oscillometric ...
Kutty Shelby - - 2013
AIMS: We investigated the left ventricular (LV) myocardial contractility index-Emax using transoesophageal real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) combined with catheterization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transoesophageal RT3DE (single beat, X7-2 X matrix, iE33, Philips) was used to obtain real-time LV volumes in pigs. Volumes were integrated with LV pressures from conductance catheterization (CC) ...
Gamboa Alfredo A Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, - - 2013
The objective is to study the role of nitric oxide (NO) on cardiovascular regulation in healthy subjects and postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) patients. Reduced neuronal NO function, which could contribute to a hyperadrenergic state, and increased NO-induced vasodilation, which could contribute to orthostatic intolerance, have been reported in POTS. In ...
Xing Chang-Yang - - 2013
Pulsus paradoxus is an exaggeration of the normal inspiratory decrease in systolic blood pressure. Despite a century of attempts to explain this sign consensus is still lacking. To solve the controversy and reveal the exact mechanism, we reexamined the characteristic anatomic arrangement of the circulation system in the chest and ...
Yang Bo - - 2013
Diastolic dysfunction is the hemodynamic hallmark of hypertensive heart disease. Tau (τ) has been used to describe left ventricle relaxation. The relationship between τ and afterload has been controversial. Our goal was to demonstrate this relationship in mice, because genetically-modified mouse models have been used extensively for studies in cardiovascular ...
Barakat-Haddad Caroline - - 2013
This study examined the prevalence of high blood pressure, heart disease, and medical diagnoses in relation to blood disorders, among 6,329 adolescent students (age 15 to 18 years) who reside in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Findings indicated that the overall prevalence of high blood pressure and heart disease was ...
Chibisov Sergey - - 2013
Dynamics of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) was traced by automatic monitoring every 30 min uninterruptedly along several months in a patient suffering from combined atrial fibrillation and heart failure during the development of disease and its therapeutic and surgical treatment (pacemaker implanting and atrioventricular ablation). Analyses of spectral ...
Nautiyal Manisha - - 2013
Mitochondrial dysfunction is implicated in many cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, and may be associated with an overactive renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Angiotensin (Ang) II, a potent vasoconstrictor hormone of the RAS, also impairs baroreflex and mitochondrial function. Most deleterious cardiovascular actions of Ang II are thought to be mediated by NADPH-oxidase- ...
Ale O K - - 2013
Increased QT dispersion (QTd) has been implicated as a marker of arrhythmogenesis and cardiac death. Paucity of literature on QTd in Nigeria necessitated an inquiry into QTd in adult hypertensive population. This study sought to: (i) compare the QTd values of adult hypertensive subjects with age and sex matched normotensivesubjects ...
Chow Bryan - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the optimal assessment of arterial stiffness that relates to diastolic dysfunction. Forty-one patients had measurements of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), ankle brachial index (ABI), pulse pressure (PP), and augmentation index (AIx). Diastolic dysfunction was evaluated by ...
Schroeder Jonathan Ryan - - 2013
We present a case of constrictive pericarditis that was especially difficult to diagnose. The patient presented with generalised oedema, dyspnoea and pleural effusions. History was significant for prior polysubstance abuse but was otherwise unremarkable. Physical examination revealed only jugular venous distention. CT demonstrated a normal pericardium with pleural effusions. Echocardiography ...
Silvestre Odilson Marcos - - 2013
Background. The impact of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) in cardiac remodeling of patients with cirrhosis is unknown. Our aim was to correlate the severity of ESLD with morphologic and functional heart changes. Material and methods. 184 patients underwent a protocol providing data on the severity of ESLD and undergoing echocardiography ...
Chan William - - 2013
To examine the relationship between acoustic characteristics of the first and second heart sounds (S1 and S2) and underlying cardiac structure and haemodynamics in patients with isolated pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and controls. Prospective multicentre cohort study. Tertiary referral and community hospitals. We prospectively evaluated 40 PAH patients undergoing right-heart ...
Kim Young Joo - - 2013
This study was conducted to study left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), diastolic dysfunction, pulse pressure (PP), and plasma endothelin (ET)-1 level in amateur marathon runners with an exaggerated blood pressure response (EBPR) to exercise. The study participants included normotensive marathon runners (NM, n = 15), EBPR marathon runners (EBPR, n = ...
Nakayama Atsuko - - 2013
Although hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with an accessory pathway is encountered in clinical practice, there is little evidence of a coherent strategy for ablation of the accessory pathway in patients with HCM. We present the case of a 61-year-old man who had type B Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy ...
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