Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 712
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Munakata M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Reduced baroreflex sensitivity has been reported in several kinds of human hypertension. However, the nature of the baroreceptor-heart rate reflex in hypertension due to excess mineralocorticoid has never been fully explored. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with primary aldosteronism, 60 patients with essential hypertension (World Health organization stages I ...
Young M - - 1995
Uninephrectomized rats maintained on 1.0% NaCl to drink and infused with aldosterone (0.75 microgram/h) for 8 wk have previously been shown to develop hypertension, cardiac hypertrophy, and cardiac fibrosis. In the present study we have shown that K+ supplementation (1.0% NaCl plus 0.4% KCl drinking solution) alters neither the interstitial ...
Nakamoto H - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the central nervous system has a pressor or a depressor role in glucocorticoid-induced hypertension. METHODS: Intracerebroventricular dexamethasone or its receptor antagonist, RU 38486, was administered in 20 trained conscious dogs. In addition, intracerebroventricular RU 38486 was administered in dogs treated with oral dexamethasone. RESULTS: Intracerebroventricular dexamethasone ...
Velasco Manuel - - 1995
Nine patients with mild or moderate essential hypertension were studied at the Vargas Hospital of Caracas, Venezuela. After antihypertensive treatment discontinuation, all patients were placed on placebo during a 1-week period, after which domperidone, a peripheral DA(2) dopaminergic blocker, was orally administered at the dose of 20 mg every 12 ...
Charoenlarp K - - 1995
A 31 year old hypertensive patient suffered from a fluctuation of blood pressure. Pheochromocytoma was suspected because of the clinical history, and extremely labile blood pressure but did not respond to therapy with alpha adrenergic blocking agent and normal excretion rates of catecholamine and vanilly mandelic acid (VMA). An enlarged ...
Kailasam M T - - 1995
Factitious pheochromocytoma usually occurs in patients surreptitiously ingesting adrenergic medications. We encountered a case of factitious pheochromocytoma where in the subject mimicked hemodynamic (profound hypertension) and biochemical (plasma catecholamine elevation) manifestations of the illness by consciously altering autonomic function with Valsalva maneuver. Clues to this presentation included visible performance of ...
Zdrojewski T R - - 1995
Previous studies have shown that symptom complex in patients with mitral valve prolapse syndrome (MVPS) may result from various forms of autonomic dysfunction. However, the interaction between adrenergic activity and renin release has not been studied. The purpose of this investigation was to assess changes in plasma renin activity (PRA) ...
Takeda R - - 1995
The incidence of vascular complications in 224 patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) which was proven on adrenal surgery, was compared to that in 224 sex- and age-matched patients with essential hypertension (EHT). The incidence of cerebral hemorrhage was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the patients with APA when compared ...
Veglio F - - 1995
A disturbance of the autonomic cardiovascular function has been postulated in primary aldosteronism as a possible mechanism for hypertension. Using the method of spectral analysis of heart rate and blood pressure variability, the aim of this study was to assess sympathovagal interactions modulating cardiovascular function and baroreflex control in patients ...
Jamieson A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The mineralocorticoid hormone aldosterone may be an important mediator of pathological ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure. Much of the evidence for this arises from experimental work in rat models of mineralocorticoid-dependent hypertension, and a pathological role in humans is still uncertain. SUBJECTS: Eleven subjects with glucocorticoid-suppressible hyperaldosteronism, a hereditary ...
Maillet A - - 1995
The volume of regulating hormones (renin, aldosterone, arginine vasopressin and atrial natriuretic factor), electrolytes and creatinine concentrations, and blood pressure were measured in two different four-week experimental protocols: respectively -6 degrees head-down bed-rest (5 subjects) and confinement (6 subjects). We observed a significant increase (P < 0.01 at D2 vs ...
Goodfriend T L - - 1995
Exposure to lead has been postulated to contribute to elevated blood pressure in humans and has been shown to raise blood pressure in animals. The mechanism of action of lead on blood pressure is unknown. We fed lead to rats in their drinking water and then examined the production of ...
Hansen K W - - 1995
Ambulatory blood pressure was measured in 23 microalbuminuric Type 1 diabetic patients without hypertension. Nine patients had a reduction in mean arterial blood (MAP) pressure at night < 10% of their day-time value (non-dippers). The following parameters were measured: glomerular filtration rate (GFR), overnight urinary excretion of albumin (UAE), sodium ...
Gómez Sánchez E P - - 1995
An association between mineralocorticoids and hypertension has been recognized for over 50 years, although the mechanisms involved are not entirely clear. In addition to the hypertension seen in cases of frank mineralocorticoid excess, such as in an aldosterone-producing adenoma, many essential hypertensive patients respond to treatments mitigating mineralocorticoid action, even ...
Biglieri E G - - 1995
In the course of my studies of patients with mineralocorticoid hypertensive disorders, unusual presentations led to unexpected findings, both clinically and in steroid etiologies and regulation. Unique circumstances permitted early studies in defining the autonomy of the aldosterone-producing adenoma. A chance referral brought the index case of 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency ...
Maillet A - - 1995
EXEMSI'92 was a 60-day isolation and confinement experiment with an international crew. During this second experiment of the European Space Agency (the first one was a 28-day confinement with 6 men: ISEMSI'90), blood volume regulating hormones and water balance were studied. During ISEMSI'90, stress level was elevated as shown by ...
Dluhy R G - - 1995
Glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism (GRA) is a hereditary cause of human hypertension in which aldosterone secretion is regulated by adrenocorticotropin (ACTH). A genetic mutation which causes GRA has recently been identified in our laboratory, a hybrid or chimeric gene fusing nucleotide sequences of the 11 beta-hydroxylase and aldosterone synthase genes. The finding ...
Gennari C - - 1995
Primary hyperparathyroidism (HPTH) is frequently associated with hypertension. To date, the relationship between these two conditions is still not clear. We have studied 34 consecutive patients with primary HPTH due to a parathyroid adenoma. The diagnosis was later surgically confirmed in 32 cases. Ten of thirty-four HPTH patients were hypertensive. ...
Schmitt J K - - 1994
We present the case of a 60 year old C6 complete tetraplegic patient who developed profound hypotension following initiation of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor lisinopril to control blood pressure. Other causes of hypotension, such as myocardial infarction and sepsis was ruled out. Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system was the probable ...
Guazzi M D - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Hypovolaemia stimulates the sympathoadrenal and renin systems and water retention. It has been proposed that in congestive heart failure reduction of cardiac output and any associated decrease in blood pressure cause underfilling of the arterial compartment, which promotes and perpetuates neurohumoral activation and the retention of fluid. This study ...
Nishikimi T - - 1994
Adrenomedullin is a novel hypotensive peptide, newly discovered in pheochromocytoma. Because immunoreactive adrenomedullin is present in human plasma, adrenomedullin may play a role in regulating blood pressure. A recent report showed that human adrenomedullin mRNA is expressed not only in pheochromocytoma but also in the normal adrenal medulla, kidney, lung, ...
Schmitz U - - 1994
In a 56-year-old normotensive white male subject with a 12-year history of hypokalemic alkalosis, hyperreninemia, and aldosteronism, the diagnosis of Bartter's syndrome was established on the basis of an impaired maximal renal diluting capacity and decreased distal fractional chloride absorption [CH2O/(CH2O+CCl)]. Negative urine analysis for diuretics suggested that this renal ...
Gomez-Sanchez E P - - 1994
There is strong evidence from different types of studies, including the discrete infusion of agonists and antagonists and ablation of specific brain areas or transmitter-type neurons, that mineralocorticoids, in excess, act in the brain to elevate blood pressure. Aldosterone enhances the entry of Na+ through amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels in some ...
Wang W - - 1994
In a previous study it was shown that acute perfusion of aldosterone into the isolated carotid sinus decreased baroreceptor activity. The aim of the present study was to determine whether chronic, systemic administration of aldosterone also depresses baroreflex function. In six conscious dogs, the baroreflex was determined before and 10 ...
Clarkson P B - - 1994
1. Doppler echocardiographic indices of diastolic function and systemic haemodynamics were studied in response to infusions of angiotensin II (1, 2, 5 and 10 ng min-1 kg-1), D-aldosterone (2, 4, 10 and 20 ng min-1 kg-1) and placebo [0.9% (w/v) NaCl] in ten normal male subjects. 2. Dose-related increases in ...
Glace B W - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Although the role of postexercise carbohydrate intake in the replenishment of muscle glycogen is well established, large amounts of carbohydrate may affect other systems which are recovering from exercise as well. METHODS: We varied the timing and amount of a commercial glucose polymer/fructose (CHO) beverage ingested postexercise in 2 ...
Anderson G H GH - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the importance of age and other variables on the prevalence of secondary forms of hypertension in a hypertension referral center. DESIGN: Over the past 18 years 4429 patients have been referred by their physicians for a 1-day blood pressure study to investigate secondary causes of hypertension. METHODS: ...
Portaluppi F - - 1994
Fatal familial insomnia is a prion disease in which a selective thalamic degeneration leads to total sleep deprivation, hypertension, dysautonomia, adrenal overactivity, and impaired motor functions. With patients under continuous recumbency and polysomnographic control, we assessed the changes in the 24-hour patterns of blood pressure, heart rate, plasma catecholamines, corticotropin, ...
Bognetti E - - 1994
Cardiovascular responses to cold pressor test and associated changes in blood concentrations of renin, aldosterone, and catecholamines were measured in 11 type I diabetic patients with microalbuminuria; 11 type I diabetic patients with normoalbuminuria matched for age, duration of diabetes, metabolic control; and in nine normal control subjects. Heart rate, ...
McGrady A - - 1994
One hundred and one patients, 70 experimental and 31 controls, with a diagnosis of essential hypertension, were examined for the effects of group relaxation training and thermal biofeedback on blood pressure and on other psychophysiologic measures: heart rate, forehead muscle tension, finger temperature, depression, anxiety, plasma aldosterone, plasma renin activity, ...
Pozzi M - - 1994
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tense ascites of cirrhosis can be treated with total paracentesis; however, the short-term effects of this procedure are poorly defined. METHODS: The circulatory and humoral changes induced by total paracentesis (250 mL/min) were studied in 12 cirrhotics with tense, refractory ascites. Data were collected before, during, and after paracentesis ...
Wada T - - 1994
In dispersed rabbit adrenocortical glomerulosa cells, a non-peptide angiotensin II (AT1) receptor antagonist, CV-11974 (10(-10)-10(-5) M), competitively inhibited angiotensin II- or angiotensin III-stimulated aldosterone production, whereas PD123177, an angiotensin AT2 receptor antagonist, did not. CV-11974 inhibited aldosterone production induced by 4 mM K+ but not by 12 mM K+. CV-11974 ...
Chandra M - - 1993
Serotonin and abnormal serotonergic activity (both central and peripheral) may play a role in pathogenesis of essential hypertension. Serotonin acts chiefly via three types of receptors namely S1, S2 and S3 serotonergic receptors. Besides being vasoactive, it has some inotropic and chronotropic properties and also affects blood rheology. It has ...
Navarro-Lopez F - - 1993
In order to analyse the hormonal and erythrocyte ion transport systems in relation to left ventricular hypertrophy (LV) in essential hypertension, a prospective study of 50 consecutive hypertensive patients under 55 years of age and without prior antihypertensive therapy was performed. Twenty-seven normal subjects with no family history of hypertension ...
Jacobsen J - - 1993
Effects of ileus on cardiovascular and hormonal responses to haemorrhage were evaluated in 10 anaesthetized pigs. Ileus was induced and the bleeding sequence repeated on the following day. Before ileus, a resting heart rate (HR) of 105 (range 83-140) beats min-1 remained unchanged until haemorrhage amounted to 15% of the ...
Smith R J - - 1993
Primary aldosteronism due to an adrenal tumor is rare. When found, it can be treated surgically and cured. This is a case report of a 41-year-old man with a long history of severe hypertension who complained of weakness and weight loss. Laboratory studies revealed hypokalemia and marked elevation of the ...
Masters R G - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: The neuroendocrine response to heart transplantation was characterized in 11 patients with special reference to long term effects on plasma hormone concentration. DESIGN: Multiple serial measurements of preload, ejection fraction, plasma renin activity (PRA), aldosterone, atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and catecholamines were made over time. SETTING: Tertiary care cardiac ...
Veglio F - - 1993
In the present study we estimated the periodic profiles and variance structure of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and mean arterial pressure by using an autoregressive model of power spectrum, Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) in 8 patients with primary aldosteronism, during long-term therapy with nicardipine slow release. ...
Jespersen B - - 1993
In order to evaluate the role of the hyperparathyroid state for blood pressure and volume homeostasis, eight patients with primary hyperparathyroidism were studied before and after corrective surgery. Neither noradrenaline induced blood pressure changes nor basal blood pressure were affected by the operation, and the values were the same as ...
Richards A M - - 1993
AIM: To determine the renal, endocrine and haemodynamic effects of an orally active inhibitor of the neutral endopeptidase EC 3.4.24.11 in essential hypertension. METHODS: Two groups of 12 white male patients with essential hypertension were treated with candoxatril at 25 mg every 12 h (group 1) or at 200 mg ...
Wacker J - - 1993
Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is a frequent cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. In the present study we focused on the pathophysiology of PIH, mainly on the role of mineralocorticoids, reversed blood pressure patterns, and the resulting necessity of continuous monitoring of the preeclamptic mother. Problems of antihypertensive therapy ...
Maillet A - - 1993
The aim of this study was to determine what effects social isolation and confinement stress had on the volume regulating hormones. In six healthy male subjects, during a 28-d isolation and confinement study (ESA-ISEMSI'90), hematocrit, blood pressure and resting heart rate, plasma cortisol, renin, aldosterone, arginine vasopressin levels besides the ...
Blumenfeld J D - - 1993
Abnormalities of adrenal cortical and medullary function are important causes of hypertension in adults. Mineralocorticoid hypertension, characterized by spontaneous hypokalemia with excessive kaliuresis and low plasma renin activity, is most commonly caused by aldosterone-producing adenoma or, less frequently, by nonadenomatous adrenal hyperplasia. However, recent evidence indicates that this classification oversimplifies ...
Ruby S T - - 1993
Hypokalemia is an uncommon presentation of renovascular hypertension. Although renal artery stenosis has been associated with hypokalemia secondary to hyperreninemic hyperaldosteronism, few reports have actually evaluated the pathophysiologic changes in such a patient with renovascular hypertension. We studied a patient before and after surgical revascularization who presented with severe hypertension ...
Liel Y - - 1993
In its classical form, congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11 beta-hydroxylase deficiency is characterized by hypertension and abnormal sexual development. Suppression of ACTH secretion by means of administering glucocorticoids fulfills the therapeutic goal of reducing blood pressure and decreasing androgen production. The present report describes the case of a patient ...
Brilla C G - - 1993
Activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in arterial hypertension can lead to remodeling of the myocardial collagen network, with progressive collagen accumulation in the cardiac interstitium. This reactive myocardial fibrosis, which is not secondary to myocyte necrosis, appears to be an important determinant of diastolic dysfunction and thus of pathologic hypertrophy. ...
Marenzi G - - 1993
PURPOSE: We investigated the mechanisms involved in the regulation of salt and water metabolism in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Extracorporeal ultrafiltration was utilized as a nonpharmacologic method for withdrawal of body fluid. PATIENTS, METHODS, AND RESULTS: In 32 consecutive patients with CHF (New York Heart Association functional class ...
Levi R - - 1993
Cardiac output (CO) and peripheral resistance (PR), the two major determinants of systemic arterial blood pressure (BP), are regulated principally by the adrenergic (ADR) and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA) systems. Antihypertensive medications ultimately decrease CO, PR, or both, by acting at various sites in the ADR and RAA pathways or affecting cardiovascular ...
Masuda A - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the pathophysiological role of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in hypertensive diseases. METHOD: Using a sensitive radioimmunoassay established in our laboratory, plasma CGRP levels were evaluated in control subjects and in patients with essential hypertension, phaeochromocytoma or primary aldosteronism. RESULTS: The CGRP levels in the three hypertensive groups ...
Burnier M - - 1992
Diuretics have long been used to lower blood pressure in hypertensive patients or to control body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis in diseases such as congestive heart failure, chronic renal failure or cirrhosis. The initial response to diuretics is a negative sodium and fluid balance. The diuretic-induced loss of salt and ...
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