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Results 551 - 600 of 726
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Pacifici R - - 1987
Although it is well known that hypertension is often associated with primary hyperparathyroidism and that parathyroidectomy reverses or reduces this abnormality, the etiology of elevated blood pressure in hyperparathyroidism is still conjectural. We have analyzed serum calcium, blood pressure, and metabolites of adrenal cortical hormones before and after surgical therapy ...
Rijk M C - - 1987
Pinacidil (N''-cyano-N-4-pyridyls-N'-1,2,2-trimethyl-propyl guanidine, monohydrate), a recently developed direct-acting vasodilator, was given intravenously in a dosage of 0.1-0.2 mg/kg body weight to ten untreated hypertensive patients. Pinacidil caused a fall of blood pressure from 170/108 +/- 6/3 to 156/80 +/- 5/4 mm Hg (mean +/- SE). The proportional decrease of mean ...
Kimura G - - 1987
The causative mechanisms of hypertension were investigated by studying the renal function (pressure-natriuresis) curve in patients with primary aldosteronism (n = 6) and renovascular hypertension (n = 6). Before and after radical operation (removal of adenoma in primary aldosteronism and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in renovascular hypertension), dietary NaCl intake was ...
Nakada T - - 1987
Liddle's syndrome was diagnosed in a 72-year-old man who presented clinically with hypertension and muscle weakness. This disorder has been characterized by hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism, hypertension, hypokalemia and enhanced erythrocyte sodium influx. Administration of spironolactone failed to correct the hypertension and electrolyte abnormality, which subsequently improved with triamterene therapy and a ...
Fraser A G - - 1987
A young Polynesian man presented with severe hypertension complicated by an intracerebral hemorrhage. The hypertension was found to be secondary to hyperaldosteronism from a well differentiated adrenocortical carcinoma. Surgical removal of the tumor has resulted in a near normal blood pressure with no evidence of tumour recurrence of hyperaldosteronism after ...
Brizio-Molteni L - - 1987
Pulmonary endothelial cells and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA) system respond to different types of injury (direct or indirect) with variations in their functions. These variations influence the regulatory mechanisms of pulmonary and systemic blood pressure, electrolyte balance and fibrinolysis. Concentration changes of some components of the RAA system and lung plasminogen ...
Lorrain J - - 1987
In pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs with decentralized adrenal glands, sinoaortic baroreceptor deafferentation produced an increase in mean aortic blood pressure which reached a maximum (42 +/- 5 mm Hg, n = 6) within 5 min and then waned entirely within the subsequent 25 min. In contrast, in sham-operated dogs, the maximal pressor ...
Robertson J I - - 1987
The mechanism of blood pressure reduction by ketanserin in hypertensive patients is still not fully understood. It can occur in the absence of evident alpha 1-adrenergic blockade. However, particularly with prolonged therapy, features of alpha 1 blockade appear. There are both similarities and differences between the pattern of effects caused ...
Lins P E - - 1987
A follow-up examination was performed one month to 20 years after adrenalectomy in 28 cases with surgically treated primary aldosteronism due to adrenal adenoma. The mean age at diagnosis was 45, and the mean duration of hypertension seven years. Severe hypertension with a diastolic blood pressure of 130 mmHg or ...
Scarpelli P T - - 1987
Blood pressure and heart rate were oscillometrically monitored with an automatic Nippon Colin instrument (Komaki, Japan) and were also self-measured by a 20-year-old man treated with an inhalant-decongestant containing an adrenergic and a corticosteroid analog. The subject also collected 24-hr urines for aldosterone determination. An elevation of urinary aldosterone excretion ...
Hermida R C - - 1987
Among 12 endocrine variables in blood from clinically healthy adult women sampled systematically around the clock and the year, discriminant analysis methods have singled out certain hormones in certain seasons as classifiers for a high or low risk of developing diseases associated with a high circadian rhythm-adjusted mean (midline estimating ...
Wanner C - - 1987
In the present study, the frequency and the mechanism of hypertension associated with unilateral hydronephrosis (UHY) were investigated in 115 patients. Hypertension (blood pressure greater than 140/90 mm Hg) was found in 20% of 101 consecutive patients with UHY. Twenty-six patients with UHY and hypertension were followed for 35 months ...
Fischer G - - 1986
The counter-regulatory effects in response to blood pressure reduction by propyldazine were studied in conscious dogs with bilateral cellophane perinephritis hypertension. During a 22-day period of chronic treatment, the initial increase in heart rate, plasma renin activity, angiotensin II, aldosterone, and vasopressin, which indicate counter-regulation to the drug induced decrease ...
Milsom S R - - 1986
The factors determining the outcome of blood pressure after removal of the aldosterone-secreting adenoma in primary aldosteronism are largely unknown. We have studied the results of surgery in 21 patients with this disorder, all of whom were investigated and treated in a single referral centre, and evaluated the contributions of ...
Reid I A - - 1986
Elevation of brain catecholamine levels by systemic administration of L-dopa in dogs pretreated with the dopa decarboxylase inhibitor carbidopa inhibits the secretion of vasopressin and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and decreases arterial blood pressure. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the inhibition of vasopressin secretion is mediated ...
Pickering T G - - 1986
Systemic hypertension can be regarded as a quantitative disorder of blood pressure regulation. No single cause of hypertension has been identified, and it is likely that different mechanisms may be dominant in different individuals. In patients with sustained hypertension, there is usually increased peripheral resistance and normal cardiac output. The ...
Piddisi C - - 1986
In a large, open-label study of 522 patients diagnosed as essential hypertensives, atenolol was both effective and well tolerated. In 392 patients whose blood pressure was measured at the initial visit and after at least four weeks of atenolol therapy, average reductions of 21 mm Hg and 14 mm Hg, ...
Nagamani M - - 1986
Endocrine studies were performed on two genetic females with 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency. Both patients had primary amenorrhea and no development of secondary sexual characteristics. One patient had only mild hypertension, whereas the second had severe hypertension. Both patients had increased levels of progesterone. Their levels of 17-hydroxyprogesterone and all other ...
Laragh J H - - 1986
The atrial peptide hormone exhibits remarkable vasorelaxant, natriuretic and hypovolaemic actions, suggesting that it is part of a cardiovascular control mechanism which operates to regulate blood pressure, blood volume and sodium balance. In this endocrine control, the renin axis provides the primary defence against sodium volume depletion and hypotension while ...
Katzman P L - - 1986
The effect of 8 weeks treatment with the calcium antagonist felodipine--a new long-acting dihydropyridine derivative--in a dose of 10 mg twice daily was studied in 10 male patients with essential hypertension, WHO grade I-II, aged 25-62 years. Diastolic blood pressure was reduced in supine and upright position. Systolic blood pressure ...
Riphagen C L - - 1986
The effects of intrathecally administered arginine-vasopressin (AVP) and substance P (SP) on adrenal medullary secretion of epinephrine were examined in anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats. Plasma epinephrine levels were measured in blood samples taken directly from the adrenal vein using a novel micropuncture technique. The blood samples (20-30 microliter in volume) were ...
Atlas S A - - 1986
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) antagonizes vasoconstriction induced by numerous smooth muscle agonists and also lowers blood pressure in intact animals. ANF has particularly marked relaxant effects on angiotensin II-contracted vessels in vitro. Sensitivity to the blood pressure-lowering effect of ANF in vivo appears to be enhanced in renin-dependent models of ...
Biollaz J - - 1986
The clinical pharmacology of a synthetic rat atrial natriuretic peptide (rANP) was evaluated in normal volunteers. During a dose-ranging study at 1-40 micrograms/min we observed a dose-dependent decrease in mean intra-arterial blood pressure, an acceleration of the heart rate and a transient increase in blood flow to the skin. During ...
Isshiki T - - 1986
A rare case of pheochromocytoma with wide fluctuation of blood pressure at regular 7-min intervals is described. Direct blood pressure monitoring revealed periodic changes between 120/80 mmHg and 220/130 mmHg. The plasma norepinephrine concentration increased selectively in parallel with the elevation of the blood pressure. The tumor was found adjacent ...
Reams G P - - 1986
Twenty-seven subjects with essential hypertension were prospectively followed for a minimum of 100 weeks, receiving either enalapril monotherapy or enalapril and hydrochlorothiazide combination therapy. Blood pressure and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system were assessed following 4 weeks of placebo therapy, and 56 and 96 weeks of maintenance drug therapy. Blood pressure was ...
Reams G P - - 1986
Thirteen patients were entered into a protocol to assess the safety and efficacy of enalapril (MK 421), 5 to 20 mg b.i.d., and hydrochlorothiazide, 50 to 100 mg daily, for the treatment of renovascular hypertension. Specifically monitored were the effects of therapy on blood pressure and pulse, renal function, and ...
Nicolau G Y - - 1986
Sixty six elderly men and 87 elderly women 77 +/- 8 (S.D.) years of age were studied in 285 profiles consisting of measurements of systolic and diastolic blood pressure obtained at 4 hour intervals during the waking hours of the subjects for 2 or 7 days and (among others) plasma ...
Bianchetti M G - - 1986
The cardiovascular pressor responses to a stepwise increase in plasma norepinephrine or angiotensin II concentrations, induced by infusions, were studied in 23 normotensive subjects with a negative and 25 with a positive family history of essential hypertension. The two study groups had a similar mean age (24 +/- 2 (SD) ...
Pedersen E B - - 1986
Angiotensin II (AII), aldosterone (Aldo) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) in plasma were determined during basal conditions in seventeen patients with congestive heart failure and in seventeen control subjects. The same parameters were measured before and 1, 2 and 3 h after an oral water load of 20 ml (kg body ...
Wambach G - - 1986
We investigated the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system, the secretion of catecholamines and the kallikrein-kinin-system in 126 adolescents randomly selected from a large study of 1342 young people examined in an epidemiological survey conducted in Cologne in 1975, 1976 and 1980. 73 of them with arterial blood pressures below 145/90 mm ...
Richards A M - - 1986
In order to determine arterial pressure and vasoactive hormone relationships in normotensive man, we measured intra-arterial pressure continuously along with hourly venous hormone levels (renin, angiotensin II, aldosterone and catecholamines) for 24 hours in 5 healthy volunteers under standardized conditions. Mean 24-hour levels of intra-arterial pressure 106/63 +/- 5.4/4.9 mmHg ...
Semplicini A - - 1986
Aldosterone suppression is said to play a major role in the long term hypotensive efficacy of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. However, in previous reports from other laboratories, plasma volume has been found mostly increased and sodium balance sometimes positive. The effects of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril (10-40 mg/day, ...
van Schaik B A - - 1986
In 12 patients with essential hypertension who remained hypertensive despite chronic chlorthalidone treatment, the effect of 2 weeks of additional therapy with the converting enzyme inhibitor (CEI) enalapril on blood pressure and body fluid volumes has been evaluated. The objective was to examine the influence of a diuretic-stimulated renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system ...
Atlas S A - - 1986
Recent research has led to the discovery and characterization of a hormone secreted by the atria that has powerful vasodepressor and natriuretic properties. A series of atrial peptides varying only in length and exhibiting these activities have been isolated, so that it is not yet clear which of these is ...
Morris D J - - 1985
The relative hypertensinogenic potencies of recently synthesized 19-nor-aldosterone and its precursor 19-OH-aldosterone were assessed in comparison to that of aldosterone (Aldo) in young (6-week-old) adrenalectomized (ADX) spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Infusion of 19-nor-aldosterone for 2 weeks by Alza mini-osmotic pumps caused significant, dose-dependent increases in the systolic blood pressure (BP) ...
Davies D L - - 1985
Serial measurements of exchangeable sodium (Nae), blood pressure, circulating concentrations of growth hormone and the components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system were made in 39 acromegalic patients: 26 patients were studied before and after treatment. Mean Nae was considerably increased, frequently being greater than values found in Conn's syndrome. Nine of ...
Giudicelli J F - - 1985
The effects of enalapril, 20 mg orally, on the responses to baroreflex activation and deactivation by respectively phenylephrine and nitroglycerin were investigated in normotensive subjects on a normal sodium diet, with simultaneous measurement of plasma renin activity (PRA), converting enzyme activity (PCEA), aldosterone and catecholamines. Enalapril, 4 h after administration, ...
Richards A M - - 1985
The effects of moderate restriction of dietary sodium and potassium supplementation on plasma levels of renin, angiotensin II, aldosterone, and cortisol and on arterial pressure were studied in 12 patients with mild essential hypertension. To define hormone-blood pressure relationships, venous hormone levels were measured hourly and intra-arterial pressure continuously for ...
Otsuka A - - 1985
One-O-hexadecyl-2-O-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (AGEPC) was intravenously administered to anesthetized dogs to study the effects on hemodynamics and several endocrine factors. The effect of AGEPC on local blood flow was also studied by direct intra-arterial injection. Following intravenous injection, blood pressure and cardiac output decreased significantly (p less than 0.001). Changes in total ...
Marks P - - 1985
Ten patients with hypertension and obesity were studied during a program of weight loss on an unrestricted sodium diet. The study showed that weight loss during the ten month period was accompanied by a significant decrease in urinary aldosterone, tetrahydroaldosterone -3-glucuronide and plasma renin activity values. It was also demonstrated ...
Macieira-Coelho E - - 1985
Forty-five hypertensive patients, 28 women and 17 men, age range between 35 and 65 years (mean 50 years), with blood pressures which current therapy did not succeed to control, were submitted to several examinations in order to identify the cause of their hypertension. We found isolated or combined abnormal values ...
Fretland D J - - 1985
Fifty-two steroids, structurally related to spironolactone, were tested for their ability to alter excretion of urinary prostaglandin-E metabolites (U-PGE-M). We found that steroids which are associated with elevation or depression of blood pressure will elevate or depress basal levels of U-PGE-M in the rat. Structural requirements for elevation or depression ...
Sørensen S S - - 1985
Renal plasma flow, glomerular filtration rate plasma angiotensin II, aldosterone and arginine vasopressin, free water clearance, blood pressure and body weight in 11 patients with mild to moderate hypertension were determined at the end of consecutive 6 week periods of administration of placebo and verapamil up to 120 mg t.i.d. ...
Boschi S - - 1985
The ability of plasma extracts to inhibit Na+-K+ ATPase in vitro (P.I.A.) was tested in 20 normotensives, 10 without (F-) and 10 with (F+) familial hypertension, in 20 borderlines (BL) and in 21 essential hypertensives (EH). In these subjects we also measured intralymphocytic sodium (ILSC) and potassium (ILKC) content, P.R.A. ...
Elliott H L - - 1985
This study evaluated the effects of nicardipine, following intravenous infusion and oral administration, on the pressor and aldosterone responses to infused angiotensin II. Six healthy, normotensive male subjects were studied. Following administration of nicardipine, no significant change in blood pressure was seen. Nicardipine attenuated the pressor response produced by intravenous ...
Bravo E L - - 1985
To assess the role of the sympathetic nervous system in mineralocorticoid hypertension in humans, results from 24 patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma were compared with those in 27 appropriately matched essential hypertensive subjects and 26 normotensive subjects. Resting plasma catecholamine levels averaged 292 +/- 140 (SD) pg/ml in patients with aldosterone-producing ...
Richards A M - - 1985
To investigate the regulation of arterial pressure and vasoactive hormones in hypothyroidism associated with hypertension, we measured intra-arterial pressure and hourly venous hormones (renin, angiotensin II, aldosterone, catecholamines and cortisol) for 24 hours in five hypertensive patients with primary hypothyroidism before commencing treatment, and again after three to six months ...
Butler D G - - 1985
Cardiovascular function was progressively impaired in Pekin ducks following surgical adrenalectomy. Diastolic and systolic arterial pressures (Pa) were respectively 45% and 28% lower in adrenalectomized (ADX) ducks than in sham-operated (SHAM) controls within 3 days after surgery. Adrenalectomy caused cardiac frequency (fH) to approximately double, diminished cardiac stroke volume, decreased ...
Mgongo F O - - 1985
24 normocyclic East African short-horned goats were made vitamin B12-deficient through feeding cobalt-deficient Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) hay. The deficiency was confirmed by controls of the blood level, by the occurrence of anaemia, by increased cortisol levels, and by hypertrophy of the fasciculata and reticulata zones in the adrenal cortex. ...
Friedman S M - - 1985
The effects of treatment of the adrenalectomized rat with aldosterone or corticosterone were observed daily for 3 days. Blood pressure and plasma electrolytes were normalized within 24 h but cell Na and K remained essentially unchanged throughout. We conclude that blood pressure is associated with Na transport activity rather than ...
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