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Masanari Misa M Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima, 739-8528, - - 2014
Shewanella species live widely in deep-sea and shallow-water areas, and thus grow piezophilically and piezosensitively. Piezophilic and psychrophilic Shewanella benthica cytochrome c 5 (SB cytc 5) was the most stable against guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) and thermal denaturation, followed by less piezophilic but still psychrophilic Shewanella violacea cytochrome c 5 (SV ...
Kempf Jennifer J Clinic for Small Animal Internal Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, 8057 Zurich, - - 2014
Objective-To evaluate the effects of cisapride and metoclopramide hydrochloride administered orally on the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) resting pressure in awake healthy dogs. Animals-6 adult Beagles. Procedures-Each dog was evaluated after administration of a single dose of cisapride (0.5 mg/kg), metoclopramide (0.5 mg/kg), or placebo (empty gelatin-free capsule) in 3 ...
Li Jiang - - 2014
A diffusion-controlled method is presented to study the growth of bubbles on a solid surface. The bubbles are nucleated spontaneously on a hydrophobic smooth surface in response to a sudden pressure reduction, and then growing with an expanding contact line. The evolution of the bubbles in the early stage is ...
Loenneke J P JP Department of Health and Exercise Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blood flow restriction (BFR) alone or in combination with exercise has been shown to result in favorable effects on skeletal muscle form and function. The pressure applied should be high enough to occlude venous return from the muscle but low enough to maintain arterial inflow into the muscle. The optimal ...
Wang Jinqi - - 2014
We demonstrate a liquid metal-based reconfigurable terahertz (THz) metamaterial device that is not only pressure driven, but also exhibits pressure memory. The discrete THz response is obtained by injecting eutectic gallium indium (EGaIn) into a microfluidic structure that is fabricated in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) using conventional soft lithography techniques. The shape ...
Alkaabi Khalid - - 2014
The absence of a crystalline SiO phase under ordinary conditions is an anomaly in the sequence of group 14 monoxides. We explore theoretically ordered ground state and amorphous structures for SiO at P= 1atm, and crystalline phases also at pressures up to 200GPa. Several competitive ground state P= 1atm structures ...
Dal-Fabbro Cibele C Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP, Rua Napoleão de Barros, 925, Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP, 04024-002, - - 2014
This study aims to compare the effects of a mandibular advancement device (MAD) with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on blood pressure (BP), oxidative stress, and heart rate variability (HRV) in a randomized, crossed-over, single-blind, and controlled trial. Twenty-nine moderate-to-severe adult OSA patients underwent ...
Al-Jadaa Anas A Department of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology, Center for Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Plattenstrasse 11, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
To validate a new automated dentine permeability testing platform based on pressure change measurements. A split chamber was designed allowing for concomitant measurement of fluid permeation and pressure difference. In a first test, system reliability was assessed by interposing a solid metal disk, embedded composite resin disks, or teeth by ...
Eick Stefan - - 2013
In 1998, an electrothermal bipolar vessel sealing (EBVS) system was introduced and quickly became an integral component of the surgical armamentarium in various surgical specialties. Currently available EBVS instruments use a scissor-like jaw configuration and closing mechanism, which causes decreasing compression pressure from the proximal to the distal end of ...
Palacio I - - 2013
We study how FeO wüstite films on Ru(0001) grow by oxygen-assisted molecular beam epitaxy at elevated temperatures (800-900 K). The nucleation and growth of FeO islands are observed in real time by low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM). When the growth is performed in an oxygen pressure of 10(-6) Torr, the islands are of ...
Abdar-Esfahani Morteza M Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR - - 2014
Hypertension (HTN) is the most commonly encountered systemic disease in general population. Nutrient canals contain blood vessels and nerves that mostly appear in the anterior mandibular region. Nutrient canals are not detected in radiographs of all patients, and their normalcy is controversial by many investigators. The present study investigated the ...
Rahmani Ashkan - - 2013
Bicellar dispersions of chain perdeuterated 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC-d54), 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-(1'-rac-glycerol) (DMPG), and 1,2-dihexanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DHPC), with molar ratios (3:1:1), were studied using variable-pressure (2)H NMR at hydrostatic pressures up to 125 MPa. On warming, spectra at ambient pressure indicated a progressive coalescence from small bilayered disks undergoing isotropic reorientation to more extended micellar ...
Dewangan K N - - 2013
The apparent mass (AM) responses of human body seated on elastic seat, without and with a vertical back support, are measured using a seat pressure sensing mat under three levels of vertical vibration (0.25, 0.50 and 0.75 m/s(2) rms acceleration) in 0.50-20 Hz frequency range. The responses were also measured with a ...
Gritti Fabrice - - 2013
The influence of the modifier concentration in supercritical mixtures of carbon dioxide and methanol on the speed-resolution properties of columns packed with 1.7μm core-shell particles was investigated from a theoretical viewpoint. Molar fractions of methanol up to 30% were considered. The column was assumed to be operated under strict adiabatic ...
Chirumbolo Salvatore - - 2013
I read the recent article by Prof. Hansson about the inaccuracy of label on homeopathic drugs, to which I feel fully in agreement(1,2) ; however, labels should refer to a well known chemistry and pharmacology, from which homeopaths are used to fly off "quite aghast". Due to the formal absence ...
Kumar Kitu - - 2013
We demonstrate the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of 2-lobed symmetrical curvilinear graphene domains specifically on Cu{100} surface orientations at atmospheric pressure. We utilize electron backscattered diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy to determine an as-yet unexplored growth mode producing such a shape and demonstrate how its growth and ...
Fekete Szabolcs - - 2013
In this study, pressure induced changes in retention were measured for model peptides possessing molecular weights between ∼1 and ∼4kDa. The goal of the present work was to evaluate if such changes were only attributed to the variation of molar volume and if they could be estimated prior to the ...
Guerrero Hernando - - 2013
The pTx behavior of the binary mixtures n-hexane + isomeric chlorobutane has been studied over the whole composition range at temperatures between 283.15 and 323.15 K and pressures from 0.1 to 65.0 MPa. Experimental densities have been used to obtain different excess properties: excess molar volume, excess isobaric expansibility, excess ...
Kumar Pradeep - - 2013
We have investigated the growth of Escherichia coli, a mesophilic bacterium, as a function of pressure (P) and temperature (T). Escherichia coli can grow and divide in a wide range of pressure (1-400 atm) and temperature (23-40°C). For T > 30°C, the doubling time of E. coli increases exponentially with pressure ...
Le Merrer Marie - - 2013
In aqueous foams, the diffusive gas transfer among neighboring bubbles drives a coarsening process which is accompanied by intermittent rearrangements of the structure. Using time-resolved diffusing-wave spectroscopy, we probe the dynamics of these events as a function of the rigidity of the gas-liquid interfaces, liquid viscosity, bubble size, and confinement ...
Maeno Akihiro - - 2013
The utility of tyrosine/tyrosinate fluorescence for pressure-unfolding studies of Trp-lacking proteins has been explored for the first time, with chicken ovomucoid (OVM) as target. A newly developed fluorescence spectrometer working in the range 0.1-700MPa is employed for this purpose. At 25°C at pH12, all six Tyr residues give tyrosine emission ...
Yanagisawa Yukio Y Department of Rehabilitation, Health Insurance Naruto Hospital ; Graduate School of Rehabilitation, Kobe Gakuin - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of expiratory resistance load on the tongue area encompassing the suprahyoid and genioglossus muscles. [Subjects] The subjects were 30 healthy individuals (15 males, 15 females, mean age: 28.9 years). [Methods] Magnetic resonance imaging was used to investigate morphological changes in ...
Liu Zhiwei - - 2013
A novel ultra-high pressure device, multilayer stagger-split die, has been constructed based on the principle of "dividing dies before cracking." Multilayer stagger-split die includes an encircling ring and multilayer assemblages, and the mating surfaces of the multilayer assemblages are mutually staggered between adjacent layers. In this paper, we investigated the ...
Ge Wanyin - - 2013
We report ambient pressure chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of single-crystalline NbS2 nanosheets with controlled orientation. On Si and SiO2 substrates, NbS2 nanosheets grow almost perpendicular to the substrate surface. However, when we apply transferred CVD graphene on SiO2 as a substrate, NbS2 sheets grow laterally lying on the graphene. ...
Heljo V P - - 2013
The objective of this study was to explore the effects of freeze drying parameters and formulation composition on polyclonal IgG stability during processing. Samples were freeze dried with different primary drying pressures and secondary drying heating rates. After drying, changes in IgG in vitro binding activity, monomer recovery and average ...
Revay Edita E - - 2013
The present study assessed the personal protection efficiency of seven commercially available mosquito control devices (MCD) under field conditions in Israel. Trials were performed in a high biting-pressure area inhabited by large populations of mosquito and biting midge species, using human volunteers as bait in landing catch experiments. Results show ...
Wang Yu - - 2013
High-pressure atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of n-butyl acrylate (BA) is performed in acetonitrile (MeCN) with Cu(I) Br/TPMA [TPMA: tris(2-pyridylmethyl)-amine] as the catalyst up to 5 kbar. Increasing either pressure or temperature significantly enhances the rate of polymerization, while retaining control over the polymerization. The polymerizations under high pressure could ...
Henstock J R - - 2013
Mechanical loading of bone and cartilage in vivo results in the generation of cyclic hydrostatic forces as bone compression is transduced to fluid pressure in the canalicular network and the joint synovium. It has therefore been suggested that hydrostatic pressure is an important stimulus by which osteochondral cells and their ...
Dokter Adriaan M - - 2013
At temperate latitudes the synoptic patterns of bird migration are strongly structured by the presence of cyclones and anticyclones, both in the horizontal and altitudinal dimensions. In certain synoptic conditions, birds may efficiently cross regions with opposing surface wind by choosing a higher flight altitude with more favourable wind. We ...
Ohke Yoshie - - 2013
The facultative piezophile Shewanella violacea DSS12 is known to have respiratory components that alter under the influence of hydrostatic pressure during growth, suggesting that its respiratory system is adapted to high pressure. We analyzed the expression of the genes encoding terminal oxidases and some respiratory components of DSS12 under various ...
Naganawa Takuya - - 2013
Aims: To investigate the reliability and magnitude of intraoral mechanical pain sensitivity by using a palpometer with add-on devices with different physical properties. Methods: Sixteen healthy volunteers participated. Three palpometers (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 kg) were used. Add-on devices were put on the circular metal stamp of the palpometer. Four ...
Motani Ryosuke R Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of - - 2013
Mesozoic marine reptiles and modern marine mammals are often considered ecological analogs, but the extent of their similarity is largely unknown. Particularly important is the presence/absence of deep-diving suction feeders among Mesozoic marine reptiles because this would indicate the establishment of mesopelagic cephalopod and fish communities in the Mesozoic. A ...
Aikens Kathleen R KR Department of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill University , Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec , - - 2013
The forest canopy offers a vertical gradient across which variation in predation pressure implies variation in refuge quality for arthropods. Direct and indirect experimental approaches were combined to assess whether canopy strata differ in ability to offer refuge to various arthropod groups. Vertical heterogeneity in impact of avian predators was ...
Premkumar Sridhar S Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India e-mail: - - 2013
Every treatment in the dental specialty has its own set of complications, Orthodontic therapy being no exception. Such a problem during the course of treatment puts the specialist in a dilemma as to whether to continue or stop the treatment. One such case in which during headgear therapy, a rare ...
Gökçen-Röhlig Bilge - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To evaluate the effect of low-level laser therapy on occlusal contact area, occlusal pressure and bite force in temporomandibular disorder patients. Patients and method. Twenty patients (14 women, six men, mean age 33.1 ± 3.8 years) diagnosed with myofascial pain according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular ...
Brunelli Marcello - - 2012
Various procedures involving stimulations of facial regions are known to induce so-called trigemino-cardiac reflexes that entail a decrease of heart rate and blood pressure. We here report the effects of a specific stimulation that consists in a submaximal passive mandibular extension obtained by means of a dilatator applied for 10 ...
Birkenfeld Falk - - 2012
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the increases in intraosseous temperature generated by a modern ultrasonic device for bone surgery (UDBS) and the influences of working pressure and cooling irrigation on this temperature. Materials and Methods: Twenty human mandibular bone specimens (20 x 15 x 5 to ...
Rieu Jean-Paul - - 2012
The Dictyostelium slug is an excellent model system for studying collective movements, as it is comprised of about 10(5) cells all moving together in the same direction. It still remains unclear how this movement occurs and what the physical mechanisms behind it are. By applying our recently developed 3D traction force ...
Abe Y - - 2012
This study aimed to analyse occlusal force, area and pressure for individual maxillary and mandibular teeth by assessing their occlusal-supporting abilities. Ninety-nine subjects (49 men and 50 women; average age, 24·7 ± 3·4 years; range, 20-37 years) performed maximal voluntary clenching twice for 3 s in both the intercuspal position and the intercuspal position with ...
Lazarus A - - 2012
We present results from an experimental investigation of the indentation of nonspherical pressurized elastic shells with a positive Gauss curvature. A predictive framework is proposed that rationalizes the dependence of the local rigidity of an indented shell on the curvature in the neighborhood of the locus of indentation, the in-out ...
Jang D H - - 2013
The effects of growth pressure in metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) on the structural and optical properties of InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-wells (MQWs) grown on c-plane sapphire substrate were investigated by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), atom probe tomography (APT), Raman spectroscopy and electroluminescence (EL) spectroscopy. As the growth pressure decreased, the ...
Grabska Katarzyna - - 2012
About 70% of stroke patients have a history of hypertension. Patients with hypertension prior to stroke onset have higher blood pressure in the acute phase of stroke than non-hypertensive individuals. High blood pressure in the acute stroke adversely affects outcome. We analyzed 30-days outcome in 1306 hypertensive patients with ischemic ...
Hisham Nur Fatirul - - 2012
Stroke continues to be one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. There are 2 main types of stroke: ischaemic strokes, which are caused by obstruction of the blood vessels leading to or within the brain, and haemorrhagic strokes, which are induced by the disruption of blood vessels. ...
Castilla-Guerra Luis - - 2012
High blood pressure (BP) is the strongest risk factor for stroke. It is estimated that almost 50% of strokes may be attributable to hypertension. Both diastolic and isolated systolic hypertension are important predictors of primary or recurrent strokes, and even minor decreases in BP can reduce the risk of stroke. ...
Ramchandra Rohit R Florey Neuroscience Institutes, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia. - - 2013
The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) plays a major role in central cardiovascular and volume control, and has been implicated in controlling sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) during volume expansion and in heart failure (HF). The objectives were to determine the role of the PVN on cardiac and renal SNA ...
Kothari Kamlesh K Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, 58, Canal Circular Road, Kolkata, 700054 West Bengal - - 2013
Post-operative swelling in the maxillofacial region is a common finding, especially in the cheek region. There is abundance of soft tissue and lack of any anatomical barrier to inhibit the swelling in the cheek region. External pressure dressing is the most commonly followed norm along with steroids. This protocol usually ...
Morimatsu Hiroshi - - 2012
Background:Phenylephrine treatment of hypotension in sepsis raises concern because it may decrease vital organ bloodflow. Accordingly, we investigated the effects of phenylephrine on systemic and regional bloodflow in normal and septic sheep.Methods:Responses to phenylephrine or vehicle infusion for 6 hours were determined in conscious normal sheep and sheep with early ...
Siebert Janusz - - 2012
Standard procedures carried out at a stroke department in patients after a cerebral event may prove insufficient for monitoring hemodynamic indices. Impedance cardiography enables hemodynamic changes to be monitored non-invasively. The aim of the work was to describe hemodynamic parameters in patients with acute phase of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke ...
Grise Erin M EM Department of Emergency Medicine and Division of Neurocritical Care, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0769, - - 2012
Acute stroke, including the subtypes of ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), typically involves significant fluctuations in blood pressure (BP). Treatment of BP after all stroke types is controversial. In each case, there are theoretical dangers to leaving BP alone as well as altering it artificially. In ...
Kim Kwan - - 2012
Organic isocyanide adsorbed on a noble metal nanostructure can be used as a platform for a volatile organic compound (VOC) sensor operating via surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). This is possible since the NC stretching band of organic isocyanides such as 2,6-dimethylphenylisocyanide (2,6-DMPI) is very susceptible to the surface potential of ...
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