Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1068
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Sugimachi Masaru - - 2004
Faster oscillometry enables one to track rapid pressure changes. We therefore examined whether it was possible to shorten the measurement time without sacrificing accuracy. We accelerated and linearized cuff deflation and determined systolic and diastolic pressure values by the appearance and disappearance of oscillometric waves based on the interpolated cuff ...
Pierin Angela M G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is well known that blood pressure measurement with a standard 12-13 cm wide cuff is erroneous for large arms. OBJECTIVE: To compare arm blood pressure measurements with an appropriate cuff and forearm blood pressure measurements (BPM) with a standard cuff, and both measurements by the Photopletismography (Finapres) method. ...
Mourad A - - 2004
Although arm position significantly alters blood pressure, this aspect of clinical behaviour has not been evaluated. Consequently, an audit of arm position preference involving 182 clinicians including physicians, general practitioners and nurses was performed. A marked variation in standing and sitting arm position preference, both between and within the three ...
Foran Timothy G - - 2004
Stiffening of the brachial artery is implicated in pseudo-hypertension. To date, a reliable clinical predictor of the condition has not been developed. This paper describes the development of prototype instrumentation and methodology for measurement of the brachial artery transmural pressure/cross-sectional area relationship in vivo. The methodology has been validated using ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Whether blood pressure (BP) measured at the wrist differs from blood pressure measured at the arm is not well known. The aim of this study was to compare the BP readings obtained at the arm with those obtained at the forearm and to assess whether the wrist-arm discrepancies were ...
Raines Jeffrey K - - 2004
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an underdiagnosed circulatory problem in the primary care setting. Individuals are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease; therefore, there is the need for a technique capable of early identification and detection of patients with PAD. The focus of this study was to compare the accuracy ...
Benchimol Alain - - 2004
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a predictor of total and cardiovascular mortality; its most valuable simple index is the ankle-brachial index (ABI). The present study was designed to assess whether a commercially available automatic device could be used to determine ABI in comparison with the classical Doppler method. The ABI ...
Whitesall Steven E - - 2004
Radiotelemetry of mouse blood pressure accurately monitors systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, heart rate, and locomotor activity but requires surgical implantation. Noninvasive measurements of indirect systolic blood pressure have long been available for larger rodents and now are being reported more frequently for mice. This study compared mouse systolic arterial blood ...
Mattu Gurdial S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To directly compare the accuracy of the BpTRU (an automated oscillometric blood pressure device) with standard auscultatory mercury sphygmomanometry in a pediatric population. DESIGN: The BpTRU was connected in parallel with a standard mercury sphygmomanometer. Two observers measured the blood pressures at the same time as it was being ...
Leslie Stephen J - - 2004
Venous occlusion plethysmography is widely used to assess forearm blood flow (FBF). We compared the established Hokanson system (HEC4) with a newly developed Filtrass 2001 system (F2001). The HEC4 uses mercury-in-Silastic strain gauges, whereas F2001 detects volume changes with a nonmercury linear displacement device. The aim of this study was ...
Malbrain Manu L N G - - 2004
The diagnosis of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) or abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is heavily dependent on the reproducibility of the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measurement technique. Recent studies have shown that a clinical estimation of IAP by abdominal girth or by examiner's feel of the tenseness of the abdomen is far from ...
Pinar Rukiye - - 2004
It is known that many factors influence an individual's blood pressure measurement. However, guidelines for accurately measuring blood pressure inconsistently specify that the patient should keep feet flat on the floor. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a crossed leg position on blood pressure in ...
Sawyer Donald C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of a new veterinary oscillometric noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) monitor in anesthetized dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Assessment was made to determine how closely indirect measurements were associated with direct measurements, and if there were statistically significant differences between the measurements by site. ...
Gill Geoffrey - - 2004
Digital, mercury and aneroid blood pressure measurements were carried out in 400 South American adults. There was slight under-reading of the aneroid instrument (hypertension prevalence 30%, compared with 32% for digital and mercury), but its robustness and simplicity makes it a suitable alternative to mercury machines in tropical field conditions.
Liebl Max - - 2004
AIM: We determined the effect of wearing clothes under the manometer's cuff on blood pressure in manual auscultatory sphygmomanometric and automatic oscillometric blood pressure measurement. METHODS: Two hundred and one subjects were examined with the auscultatory sphygmomanometric and the automatic oscillometric method, each with and without sleeved arm in random ...
Kahan Ernesto - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effect of measuring blood pressure below subjects' rolled-up sleeves, over the sleeve, or on the bare arm. This is an important day-to-day issue for the busy GP. METHODS: The sample consisted of 201 subjects in family practice clinics and residents of a senior citizens' home. ...
Graves John W - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Accurate blood pressure measurement is dependent on using a blood pressure cuff that is appropriate to the patient's arm circumference. OBJECTIVE: This study identifies the change in distribution of arm circumferences in the United States and its impact on usage of the 'standard adult' cuff. METHOD: The most current ...
McManus Richard J - - 2003
Mercury sphygmomanometers have been commonly used in primary care to measure blood pressure but are associated with bias. Electronic blood pressure machines are being introduced in many practices and have anecdotally been associated with higher recorded blood pressure. This study examined recorded blood pressure in four practices before and after ...
van Leeuwen Redmer - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine whether blood pressure and subclinical atherosclerosis are associated with incident age-related maculopathy (ARM). METHODS: The study was performed within the Rotterdam Study, a population-based, prospective cohort study in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. A total of 4822 subjects who at baseline were aged 55 years more, were free of ...
O'Rourke M F - - 2003
Measurement of arterial pressure waveforms in hypertension enhances information on underlying disease and mechanisms, since it provides all information in the waveform, and not just the extreme limits of the waveform (systolic and diastolic pressure) which are obtained from the brachial artery with a cuff sphygmomanometer. Such studies of the ...
Cloud Geoffrey C - - 2003
Central arterial pressure, measured close to the heart, may be of more patho-physiological importance than conventional non-invasive cuff blood pressure. The technique of applanation tonometry using SphygmoCor has been proposed as a non-invasive method of estimating central pressure. This relies on mathematically derived generalized transfer functions, which have been previously ...
Birch A A - - 2003
The objective of this work was to determine if systematic differences exist between blood pressure time series measured by two non-invasive techniques. Cerebral blood flow autoregulation is often measured while a change in blood pressure is induced by deflation of thigh cuffs. To interpret the result a continuous measurement of ...
Netea R T - - 2003
The position of both the body and the arm during indirect blood pressure (BP) measurement is often neglected. The aim of the present study was to test the influence of the position of the patient on BP readings: (1) sitting with the arms supported precisely at the right atrium level ...
Kerawala C J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Most surgeons advocate an Allen test (for occlusion of the radial or ulnar artery) and Doppler ultrasound examination before harvesting a forearm flap. In this study we attempted to correlate the results of these tests with intraoperative measurement of backflow pressure in the radial artery stump. METHOD: Stump pressures ...
Fonseca-Reyes Salvador - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To measure the effect on blood pressure readings when a standard cuff is used on patients with arms of a large circumference, and to determine the frequency of arms of a large circumference. SUBJECTS: Blood pressures were taken in 120 subjects with an arm circumference greater than 33 cm. ...
Steiner L A - - 2003
Intra-arterial measurement is considered the gold standard for continuous, beat-to-beat arterial blood pressure monitoring. However, arterial cannulation can be difficult and may cause complications such as thrombosis and ischaemia. Recently, a tonometric system, the Colin CBM-7000 has been developed for noninvasive beat-to-beat measurement of arterial blood pressure from the radial ...
Sullivan V V - - 2003
Radial artery harvesting for coronary revascularization may result in digit ischemia if collateral circulation is inadequate. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in ulnar artery flow velocity during radial artery compression (RAC) with changes in first- and second-digit pressures during RAC, a previously validated predictor of digital ...
Schuhfried Othmar - - 2003
This study identified those harmonics from the frequency spectrum of electrical impedance rheographic signals that discriminate between patients with and without peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). Ninety-four patients with suspected PAOD were evaluated by impedance rheography and ankle-arm blood pressure index. The leg with the lower ankle-arm index was used ...
Tolekova A - - 2003
The aim of the present paper is to illustrate schematically by a non-equal arm lever system the mechanisms that maintain the homeostasis of reactive oxygen species, glucose, mean arterial pressure and electrolytes. All regulating factors that increase the values of each physiological parameter are placed on the same arm of ...
Kallakuri S - - 2003
PURPOSE: Blood flow, pressure and peripheral resistance in patients with established polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts and adjunctive arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) have rarely been investigated. To better elucidate the effects of this AVF, we obtained noninvasive measurements of hemodynamic variables in patients with infrapopliteal PTFE grafts and an AVF. METHODS:. Systolic, mean ...
Lin Chin-Teng - - 2003
In oscillometry, oscillation amplitudes (OAs) embedded in the cuff pressure are drastically affected by a variety of artifacts and cardiovascular diseases, leading to inaccurate arterial blood pressure (ABP) measurement. The purpose of this paper is to improve the accuracy in the arterial pressure measurement by reducing interference in the OAs ...
Reddy Anilkumar K - - 2003
Existing tail-cuff pressure devices for mice use tail flow sensors that measure only systolic and mean pressure. We developed a method to obtain systolic and diastolic pressure in mice using a pulsed Doppler flow velocity sensor and a tail-cuff and validated the method against pressure signals obtained simultaneously from a ...
Aboyans Victor - - 2003
To propose a standardization of calculus of the ankle-arm index as a diagnostic tool in the clinical setting and epidemiology of peripheral arterial disease, we aimed to study the reproducibility of its measurement through 15 different modes of calculation. The study was performed in a group of 194 vascular laboratory ...
Bur Andreas - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of oscillometric blood pressure measurement with two different devices (M3000A using a new algorithm and M1008A using an established algorithm, both Hewlett Packard) and evaluation of current recommendations concerning the relation between cuff size and upper arm circumference in critically ill patients. DESIGN: Prospective data collection. SETTING: Emergency ...
Ramanathan Anantha - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the accuracy of an automated oscillometric device (DINAMAP) in measuring ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI) in the clinical setting. Results were then compared to those obtained using the standard Doppler technique. METHODS: A prospective comparative study of 50 healthy volunteers was ...
Kalla Timothy P - - 2003
Tourniquet use in foot and ankle surgery is common practice; however, the technique varies among foot and ankle surgeons and there are no standard guidelines. To analyze trends in foot and ankle tourniquet use, the authors conducted an e-mail survey. One thousand six hundred sixty-five foot and ankle surgeons were ...
Davies Justine I - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The Sphygmocor system purports to be able to assess ascending aortic blood pressure using a transfer function. It has been shown to be accurate when data obtained invasively are used, but has not been tested prospectively using data obtained non-invasively. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of this equipment when ...
Turnbull Sue M - - 2003
Self-monitoring of blood pressure may give a truer estimate of usual blood pressure than readings by a doctor in the surgery, and may save time for health professionals. This study aimed to determine the accuracy of self-monitoring in the surgery using a wrist oscillometric sphygmomanometer (Omron RX). One hundred and ...
Guelen Ilja - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate three methods aimed at the reconstruction of brachial pressure from non-invasive finger arterial pressure measurements as implemented in the Finometer trade mark, (FMS, Finapres Measurement Systems, Arnhem, Netherlands), the successor to the Finapres trade mark (TNO Biomedical Instrumentation, Amsterdam, Netherlands). METHODS: Finger arterial pressure (FinAP) may differ ...
Shahriari Majid - - 2003
Five different semiautomatic manometers were tested, where oscillometry is the measuring principle. Three of the manometers (Omron R4, A&D UB 322 and Braun) were wrist manometers, where the occluding cuff is placed around the volar surface of the wrist. Two of the manometers (A&D UA 777 and Omron M4) measure ...
Mihmanli Ismail - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of an acute decrease in serum estrogen concentration on endothelial function in women with surgically induced menopause through the use of color Doppler ultrasonography. There were 40 women scheduled to undergo total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy who participated in ...
Jagomägi Kersti - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the finger blood pressure during a deep breathing test (DB) and to find out whether the mean blood pressure might be used as a substitute for the systolic pressure in calculations of baroreflex sensitivity from data derived from the DB ...
Kröger Knut - - 2003
The Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC)-recommended absolute toe pressure is < 30-50 mm Hg for definition of chronic critical limb ischemia (CLI). Toe pressures can be measured by different techniques. The authors analyzed the clinical use of the Doppler technique and an automatic device with optical sensors and estimated their value ...
Clark Jeff A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The current recommendation for choosing an appropriate size cuff for measuring blood pressure (BP) is a bladder width to equal 40% of the upper arm circumference (UAC). However, most physicians use the older two-thirds or three-fourths upper arm length (UAL) recommendations to choose a cuff. The aim of this ...
Nelesen Richard A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive continuous blood pressure monitoring has, for the past decade, been performed using the Finapres monitor. Radial tonometry is a new methodology for measuring non-invasive beat-to-beat blood pressure. This technique has been evaluated for other applications, but its use in cardiovascular reactivity testing has not yet been reported. DESIGN: ...
Patil S - - 2002
Ischemic complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are rare. There is a reported association with chronic lower extremity ischemia (CLEI), however. This prospective study examined changes in blood pressure in the lower limb during the early postoperative period. Arterial blood pressure was assessed before and after TKA by the ankle ...
Alavi Hossain - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Arterial elasticity is implicated as a risk factor for or a marker of cardiovascular disease. Current advances in non-invasive devices have now made it possible to measure arterial elasticity in an ambulatory setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in blood ...
Malhotra Arun - - 2002
Normotensive and hypertensive patients develop peripheral arterial disease. The authors hypothesized that significant changes in lower extremity blood pressures occur upon standing, which could play a role in the pathogenesis of peripheral arterial disease. Forty-one subjects had blood pressure measurements performed in the arm and ankle in the supine and ...
Askew C D - - 2002
To shed light on the potential efficacy of cycling as a testing modality in the treatment of intermittent claudication (IC), this study compared physiological and symptomatic responses to graded walking and cycling tests in claudicants. Sixteen subjects with peripheral arterial disease (resting ankle: brachial index (ABI) < 0.9) and IC ...
Pedersen Karen M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine accuracy of an oscillometric blood pressure monitor used over a wide range of pressures in anesthetized cats. DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 6 healthy cats. PROCEDURE: 4 female cats and 2 male cats that weighed 2.7 to 4.5 kg (5.9 to 9.9 lb) and were 2 to 8 ...
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