Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1081
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Sammons Emily L - - 2007
Assessment of dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA) requires continuous recording of arterial blood pressure (ABP). In humans, noninvasive ABP recordings with the Finapres device have often been used for this purpose. We compared estimates of dynamic CA derived from Finapres with those from invasive recordings in the aorta. Measurements of finger ...
Karalezli Nazim - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The literature is scarce on wrist tourniquets. In this study, three well-established locations of tourniquet setting including upper arm, proximal forearm, and wrist were compared on the same limb using both clinical as well as biochemical variables in paramedical volunteers. METHODS: Twenty unmedicated, healthy, paramedical, right-hand dominant volunteers participated ...
Schell Kathleen A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of anatomical structures, specifically limb subcutaneous tissue and vessels on differences between forearm and upper arm oscillometric noninvasive blood pressure measurements. METHODS: Nineteen volunteers with a mean age of 21.7+/-3.7 years and without peripheral vascular disease or coronary artery ...
Dorigatti Francesca - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of the Gamma G7 (and G5 model) and XXL-LF aneroid sphygmomanometers developed by the Heine Company. DESIGN: Device evaluations were performed using the new protocol of the European Society of Hypertension. Monitor performance was assessed in relation to participants' sex, age, arm circumference, and systolic ...
Kleefstra, N.
Objective. To determine the prevalence of inter-arm blood pressure differences > 10 mmHg in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) and to determine whether these differences are consistent over time. Design. Descriptive. Method. In an evaluation study of 169 DM2 patients from 5 general practices in 2003 and 2004, ...
Mambelli Emanuele - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As symptomatic intradialytic hypotension in the hemodialysis (HD) patient is often a sudden event whose onset cannot be predicted by means of extemporary measures, continuous blood pressure (BP) measurement would be far more useful. We tested a new continuous noninvasive BP monitoring system, Harmonized Alert Sensing Technology (HASTE), which, ...
Lange Stefan F - - 2007
The ankle brachial index (ABI) is an efficient tool for objectively documenting the presence of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD). However, different methods exist for ABI calculation, which might result in varying PAD prevalence estimates. To address this question, we compared five different methods of ABI calculation using Doppler ...
Huang Bin B Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. - - 2007
Endothelial dysfunction is an early indicator of developing atherosclerosis and is a strong predictor of future heart attack and stroke. At present, evaluation of endothelial function (EF) (specifically, EF mediated by nitric oxide, NO) is too technically difficult to form part of a routine clinical examination. Non-invasive methods that measure ...
Tanaka Shinobu S Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, 920-1192 Japan. - - 2007
A new technique for swiftly determine a servo reference value (Vo) of the volume-compensation method was developed. To determine the Vo values, high frequency vibration (frequency: 20 Hz, pulse pressure: 10 mmHg) was superimposed on cuff pressure (Pc), and artificially produced arterial wall oscillation was detected as photoplethys-mographic (PG) pulsation ...
Adiyaman Ahmet - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Determining the influence of the position of the arm on blood pressure measurement in the sitting position. METHODS: Blood pressure of 128 individuals (the majority being treated hypertensive patients) visiting the outpatient clinic was measured simultaneously on both arms with arms in two different positions. First, both arms were ...
Partsch Hugo - - 2006
It is unknown if the pressure values of compression stockings indicated by the producers correspond to the actual compression pressure exerted in vivo. This study compared pressure and stiffness of ready-made compression stockings (Venosan) of different classes, measured on the leg and by laboratory testing. This was an experimental study ...
Henschke Nicholas N Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, School of Physiotherapy, Lidcombe, NSW, - - 2006
Measurements of volume are taken in the clinical environment to determine the extent of swelling and to evaluate the effects of treatment interventions. In the research setting, volume measurements are taken to determine experimental outcomes. Water displacement and figure-of-eight methods are highly reliable for measuring foot and ankle volumes, but ...
Kinsella S M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hydrostatic forces affect non-invasive blood pressure measurement in the lateral position. This study assessed the extent of this effect with the mercury column sphygmomanometer and Dinamap oscillometric instrument as well as different recommendations for comparing supine and lateral blood pressure measurements. METHOD: Thirty-two term pregnant women were studied in ...
Thal Serge C - - 2007
Despite the constantly increasing use of genetically engineered mice in biomedical research, control of crucial physiological parameters such as blood pressure and arterial blood gases is difficult to achieve in temporarily anesthetized mice due to lack of techniques for reversible arterial cannulation. Here we report that arterial blood pressure and ...
McMurphy Rose M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement between direct arterial blood pressure measurements obtained from 2 arteries and indirect blood pressure measurements obtained with an oscillometric blood pressure monitor (OBPM) during normotension and phenylephrine-induced hypertension in dogs. ANIMALS: 16 male Beagles. PROCEDURES: In anesthetized dogs, arterial catheters were placed in the lingual ...
Devbhandari, M. P.
The non-invasive method of blood pressure measurement is regarded as a safe procedure and the reports of any serious complications are rare. We report a unique case of extensive skin necrosis due to an intermittently inflating blood pressure cuff in a 65-year-old critically ill lady following a third time redo ...
Rabbia F - - 2006
Blood pressure measurement is the cornerstone for the diagnosis, the treatment and the research on arterial hypertension, and all of the decisions about one of these single aspects may be dramatically influenced by the accuracy of the measurement. Over the past 20 years or so, the accuracy of the conventional ...
Pytte M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Norepinephrine is frequently used in intensive care unit (ICU) patients to raise and maintain an adequate mean arterial pressure (MAP). Conflict arises as to which MAP should guide vasopressor dose, as oscillometric MAP in the brachial artery often diverges from intra-radial MAP. We wanted to estimate the magnitude of ...
Salvat-Melis M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Thermal hyperaemia is impaired in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The objective of these studies was to determine whether this was consecutive to skin fibrosis, microangiopathy or macroangiopathy. METHODS: Using laser Doppler flowmetry, we first compared the thermal hyperaemia on the third left finger pad and on the left ...
Raamat R - - 2006
Continuous blood pressure recordings obtained by the volume-clamp method (Finapres 2300 BP monitor, Ohmeda, USA) were compared with measurements made by using the modified oscillometric method (UT9201 beat-to-beat monitor, University of Tartu, Estonia) in normal subjects during a hand postural change. Changes in the local blood pressure were induced in ...
Ercole A - - 2006
Poor fidelity invasive arterial blood pressure (IABP) traces are a frequent practical problem. It is common practice to describe any such trace as being 'damped'; the resonance behaviour of IABP measurement systems having been extensively described in the literature. However, as poor quality arterial blood pressure signals are seen even ...
Klein Steven - - 2006
Since its introduction in 1950, a variety of methods of measurement and calculation have been used to establish the ankle-arm index (AAI). This has resulted in variations of its normal range and difficulty in comparing study results. Hence, the objective of our study was to analyze the disparate methods used ...
Karacalioglu Alper O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of endothelial dysfunction has been gaining clinical importance, but although endothelial function testing is available in the research setting, no technique yet exists that is simple, safe, reproducible and easily performed as a clinical screening method. The aim of this study was to design a new, scintigraphic ...
Schell Kathleen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive measurement of blood pressure in the forearm is used when the upper arm is inaccessible and/or when available blood pressure cuffs do not fit a patient's arm. Evidence supporting this practice is limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare noninvasive measurements of blood pressure in the forearm and upper arm of ...
Schachtrupp Alexander - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Intravesical pressure measurement is considered to be the gold standard for the assessment of intra-abdominal pressure. However, this method is indirect and depends on a physiologic bladder function. We evaluated a modified piezoresistive technique and a water-capsule technique for direct and continuous intra-abdominal pressure measurement. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: ...
Moreira, T.
Blood pressure is one of the key measurements taken in standard clinical examinations. Its importance has long been associated with the instrumental precision offered by the sphygmomanometer, which is supposed to have replaced other, more imprecise methods of blood pressure measurement, such as feeling the pulse with the finger. Drawing ...
Takahashi Osamu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The ankle-brachial index, which is calculated by dividing ankle systolic blood pressure by brachial systolic blood pressure, is useful in diagnosing peripheral arterial disease. Consensus has not been reached, however, on a standard method for measuring ankle systolic blood pressure. This study evaluated two cuff-wrapping methods for measuring ankle ...
Cathcart Stuart - - 2006
The objective was to examine reliability of pressure and thermal (cold) pain threshold assessment in persons less than 25 years of age, using intra-class correlation (ICC) and coefficients of repeatability and variability. We measured thresholds to pain from pressure algometry and ice placed at the hand and head in 10 ...
Plehm Ralph - - 2006
Hypertension is an important disease with polygenic inheritance. In order to identify the genes involved in blood pressure regulation, hypertensive rat and mouse models have been developed either by selective breeding or by transgenic technology. The most essential technological prerequisite in these studies is a reliable assessment of the blood ...
Weatherley Beth D - - 2006
A low ankle-brachial index (ABI) is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and death. Regression model parameter estimates may be biased due to measurement error when the ABI is included as a predictor in regression models, but may be corrected if the reliability coefficient, R, is known. ...
Araghi Ali - - 2006
Blood pressure measurements frequently guide management in critical care. Direct readings, commonly from a major artery, are considered to be the gold standard. Because arterial cannulation is associated with risks, alternative noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) measurements are routinely used. However, the accuracy of NIBP determinations in overweight patients in the ...
Paraskevas N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: For the quantification of critical limb ischaemia (CLI) most vascular surgery units use sphygmo-manometric and transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2) measurements. However, measurements obtained by cuff-manometry can be overestimated especially in diabetic patients because of medial calcification that makes leg arteries less compressible. TcPO2 measurements present a considerable overlap in ...
Sanghera S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that measurement of non-invasive blood pressure during caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia fails in over 50% of cases. We felt that errors would be less likely if blood pressure could be measured at the ankle as it is immobile during caesarean section. The purpose of ...
Takahashi Osamu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Ankle brachial index (ABI) has been shown to be useful in diagnosing peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Ankle systolic blood pressures are measured by a Doppler device; however, general physicians cannot always use it in daily practice. The ausculutatory method (AUS) is an alternative method and quite easy to ...
Stebor Andrea D - - 2005
Correct measurement of blood pressure in infants is essential because blood pressure is an important indicator of cardiovascular status. This article provides a review of the fundamental principles of blood pressure measurement. Formulas to estimate mean arterial pressure are discussed along with an overview of pulse pressure. The advantages, challenges, ...
Jönsson B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a new technique using a photoplethysmographic (PPG) probe for automatic ankle pressure measurements. DESIGN: Comparative study on two techniques for ankle pressure measurement. SETTING: University hospital. MATERIAL: Thirty-five patients with leg arterial disease and eight healthy volunteers. Ankle-brachial indices (ABPI) were measured using conventional CW Doppler technique ...
Campbell Norm R C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy and reproducibility of a new automated blood pressure manometer (BpTRU) relative to auscultatory blood pressure assessed by a research nurse and to that assessed by a clinic nurse. METHODS: Firefighters in a cohort study had blood pressure assessed on up to five occasions with BpTRU ...
Erts Renars - - 2005
A newly developed portable multi-channel photoplethysmography (PPG) device has been used for comparative studies of 20 healthy control subjects and 45 patients with diagnosed arterial stenosis in a leg. The peripheral blood pulsations were detected simultaneously at four body sites-the same fingers and toes of both arms and legs. The ...
Murray Ian C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a simulator can detect differences in oscillometric noninvasive blood pressure measurements in different revisions of the Philips Component Monitoring System. Philips revised the intraarterial-based algorithm with software revision C.0, and added an auscultation-based algorithm in revision C.1. METHODS: Three methods were adopted. Firstly, differences were assessed ...
Giguère Steeve - - 2005
The objectives of this study were to assess, in anesthetized neonatal foals, the accuracy of 2 automated indirect oscillometric monitors for measurement of mean arterial pressure (MAP), to determine the optimal site of cuff placement for MAP monitoring, and to determine the relationship between arterial blood pressure and cardiac output. ...
Ginn T Adam - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Repetitive trauma to the hand is a concern for baseball players. The present study investigated the effects of repetitive trauma and the prevalence of microvascular pathological changes in the hands of minor league professional baseball players. In contrast to previous investigators, we documented the presence of abnormalities in younger, ...
Jepson Rosanne E - - 2005
Indirect blood pressure measurements were compared in 28 conscious cats using Doppler and oscillometric blood pressure-measuring devices. Ten cats were used to compare Doppler measurements between two examiners and 18 cats were used to compare Doppler and oscillometric measurements. The Doppler machine obtained systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings in ...
Nitzan Meir - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine the effect on distal arteries of external pressure, applied by upper arm sphygmomanometer cuff. Photoplethysmographic (PPG) signals were measured on the index fingers of 44 healthy male subjects, during the slow decrease of cuff air pressure. For each pulse the ratio of ...
Ypsilantis P - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this project was to evaluate the reliability and accuracy of direct, using the central ear artery (CEA), and oscillometric, using limb-cuffs, methods of arterial blood pressure (AP) measurement in the anesthetized rabbit. METHODS: New Zealand rabbits were anesthetized using a xylazine-ketamine-isoflurane protocol. Using the abdominal aorta ...
Critchley Lester A H - - 2005
In the vasodilated and septic patient, the impedance method of measuring cardiac output (CO) may underestimate the true value. In this study, we sought to determine whether impedance CO (COIC) measurements are influenced by total peripheral resistance (TPR). In eight anesthetized and ventilated dogs, a high-precision flowprobe was placed on ...
Schell Kathleen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: When the upper arm (area from shoulder to elbow) is inaccessible and/or a standard-sized blood pressure cuff does not fit, some healthcare workers use the forearm to measure blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: To compare automatic noninvasive measurements of blood pressure in the upper arm and forearm. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational ...
Diehm C - - 2005
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a commonly encountered but a commonly under-diagnosed condition in clinical practice. Ankle brachial pressure index (ABI) is a widely used procedure in its detection. It is also a very good prognostic marker not only of PAD but also of mortality. According to the current guidelines ...
De Potter Tom J R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measurement techniques vary in automaticity and reproducibility. This study evaluated the intra- and interobserver variability of two new IAP measurement techniques. METHODS: A one-half open, 30-l container was used with two IAP catheters (Foley Manometer, balloon-tipped catheter) contained in a 100-ml infusion bag. To simulate intra-abdominal ...
Mourad Adnan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing popularity of wrist-cuff blood pressure (BP) devices, their accuracy has not been established and international guidelines do not support their use. Because arm position influences BP measurement, it is possible that conflicting reports on wrist-cuff device accuracy reflects diverse arm positions. METHOD: This study compared BP ...
Bogert Lysander W J - - 2005
In this paper we review recent developments in the methodology of non-invasive finger arterial pressure measurement and the information about arterial flow that can be obtained from it. Continuous measurement of finger pressure based on the volume-clamp method was introduced in the early 1980s both for research purposes and for ...
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