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Heinemann Megan - - 2008
This study evaluated the accuracy and reliability of the Dinamap 8100 automated blood pressure machine against three internationally recognized criteria. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were taken concurrently by two nurses using the automated machine and a manual sphygmomanometer. Results demonstrated agreement between automated and manual readings on one set ...
Stapleton Claire - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine changes in axillary artery diameter and peak systolic velocity in asymptomatic individuals during upper limb positioning commonly used to assess vascular pathology in athletes. DESIGN: Repeated measures observational study. SETTING: Physiology laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Subjective and objective screening excluded individuals with past, ...
Hager Helmut - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In morbidly obese patients, oscillometric blood pressure measurements with an upper-arm cuff are often difficult to perform. The alternative method, invasive blood pressure monitoring, can be difficult to place and is associated with risks. A wrist-mounted blood pressure-monitoring device, the Vasotrac, provides accurate blood pressure measurements in lean patients. ...
Westhoff Timm H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise is broadly recommended as a helpful adjunct to obtain blood pressure control in hypertension. Several hypertensive patients, however, are limited by musculoskeletal complaints or vascular occlusive disease from lower-limb exercise such as jogging or cycling. In the present randomized-controlled study, we evaluate whether an aerobic arm-cycling program ...
Guelen Ilja - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of finger artery pressure with Finapres offers noninvasive continuous blood pressure, which, however, differs from brachial artery pressure. Generalized waveform filtering and level correction may convert the finger artery pressure waveform to a brachial waveform. An upper-arm cuff return-to-flow measurement may be used to calibrate the blood pressure ...
Shaltis Phillip A - - 2008
This paper presents a new principle for noninvasive blood pressure measurements through a modified volume-oscillometric technique that eliminates an inflatable pressure cuff, and instead takes advantage of natural hydrostatic pressure changes caused by raising and lowering the subject's arm. This new methodology provides the distinct advantage of using an absolute ...
Aboyans V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite its validity as a screening test for peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and its prognostic value, the ankle-brachial index (ABI) is infrequently used in primary care, probably because a Doppler device is required, along with the requisite skill for its use. We hypothesized that ABI could be accurately measured ...
Zahedi E - - 2008
This study was conducted to investigate the utility and efficacy of finger photoplethysmogram pulse amplitude (PPG-AC) in comparison with the standard Doppler ultrasound in assessing an endothelial function via flow-mediated dilation (FMD). High-resolution B-mode scanning of the right brachial artery (BA) of 31 healthy subjects aged 39.7 +/- 11.3 (range ...
Hsiang Tsai-Yuan - - 2008
The present study compared 2 indirect methods, Doppler sphygmomanometry and oscillometry, for measurement of the systemic blood pressure level in 100 conscious, client-owned dogs in a clinical setting on 2 separate occasions. The mean systemic blood pressure values, measured by Doppler sphygmomanometry on 2 separate occasions, were 156 +/- 38.2 ...
Joensen J B - - 2008
This study assesses measurement variation in the measurement of ankle systolic blood pressure (ABP) when measured with Doppler ultrasound and with the strain gauge method. Ninety-seven patients were included. ABP was measured with Doppler ultrasound and with the strain gauge method. The methods were compared graphically by scatterplots and analyzed ...
Reza Badalzadeh - - 2008
Exposure to low levels of lead acetate can induce hypertension in both humans and experimental animals. The exact mechanisms of lead-induced hypertension are not well understood, but its pathogenesis could be explained by the changes in heart rate and contractility. In the present study, the effects of exposure to 100 ...
Ma Grace - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The measurement of blood pressure is a common clinical exam with important health consequences. We sought to determine whether the measurement of blood pressure over a sleeved arm varies from that taken on a bare arm. METHODS: We recruited 376 patients between 18 and 85 years of age from ...
Guss David A - - 2008
Blood pressure is a standard vital sign in patients evaluated in an Emergency Department. The American Heart Association has recommended a preferred position of the arm and cuff when measuring blood pressure. There is no formal recommendation for arm position when measuring orthostatic blood pressure. The objective of this study ...
Nelson Debralee - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine if automated and aneroid manometers are as accurate a means of determining blood pressure as the mercury manometer. Obtaining vital signs for patients is considered standard of care, yet many dental offices do not routinely perform this health service because of ...
Hietanen Heikki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The ankle blood pressure is commonly used as a ratio to the brachial blood pressure, called ankle-brachial index (ABI). Very few studies have considered the independent value of the ankle blood pressure without indexing it to the brachial blood pressure. We examined the value of ankle blood pressure, together ...
Normand Hervé - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement of beat-to-beat arterial blood pressure is essential for understanding the cardiovascular adaptation to weightlessness; however, the intra-arterial standard of beat-to-beat blood pressure measurement has never been used during space flight because of its invasive nature. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare noninvasive radial ...
Ohte Nobuyuki - - 2007
Recently, the importance of central blood pressure for cardiovascular risk stratification has been emphasized. Accordingly, the differences in peak systolic and bottom diastolic pressures between the ascending aorta and the brachial artery should be clarified. Study subjects consisted of 82 consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease who underwent cardiac ...
Igarashi Yuko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although measuring blood pressure at the bilateral brachia is common in medical practice, its clinical significance in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been fully clarified. METHODS: To define the significance of inter-arm systolic blood pressure difference in patients with suspected CAD, and to assess the ...
Amoore John N - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Oscillometric noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) devices determine pressure by analysing the oscillometric waveform using empirical algorithms. Many algorithms analyse the waveform by calculating the systolic and diastolic characteristic ratios, which are the amplitudes of the oscillometric pulses in the cuff at, respectively, the systolic and diastolic pressures, divided by ...
Male Stuart - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to find the normal range of Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI) for healthy adults in the 20-40-year age group. The hypothesis was: there is no difference between the accepted normal value of ABPI (1.00) and the observed value of ABPI in healthy adults ...
Harrison M J - - 2007
We have developed an anaesthesia alarm system that responds in a more clinically appropriate manner than current threshold alarms. A decrease in systolic arterial pressure of 10 mmHg from a previous value of 70 mmHg has a greater clinical significance than a decrease of 10 mmHg from 150 mmHg. However, ...
Charmoy Alexia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cuff inflation at the arm is known to cause an instantaneous rise in blood pressure, which might be due to the discomfort of the procedure and might interfere with the precision of the blood pressure measurement. In this study, we compared the reactive rise in blood pressure induced by ...
MacMurdo S Dale - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal location for a tourniquet applied to the arm during cannulation of a hand vein. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Operating room of a university hospital. SUBJECTS: 15 volunteers, 6 men and 9 women. MEASUREMENTS: A vein on the dorsum of the hand was cannulated and ...
Pramanik T - - 2007
Blood pressure in normal adults in the present study population in Nepal is found to be less in comparison to that recorded in Framingham study, USA. To find out the cause of variation of blood pressure values, this study was designed. Blood pressures of healthy young subjects were recorded by ...
Deflandre Catherine J A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of the Surgivet Non-Invasive Blood Pressure (NIBP) monitor V60046 with an invasive blood pressure (IBP) technique in anaesthetized dogs. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. ANIMALS: Thirty-four dogs, anaesthetized for a variety of procedures. METHODS: Various anaesthetic protocols were used. Invasive blood pressure measurement was made ...
Clark Christopher E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A blood pressure (BP) difference between the upper limbs is often encountered in primary care. Knowledge of its prevalence and importance in the accurate measurement of BP is poor, representing a source of error. Current hypertension guidelines do not emphasize this. OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of an inter-arm ...
Knecht Sandra K - - 2007
The aim of this study was to provide a normal reference for arm-leg blood pressure gradients in normal pediatric and young-adult patients before and after exercise. We assessed 216 normal participants by physical or echocardiographic exam, maximally tested using the James Cycle Protocol, with arm and leg blood pressures taken ...
Thompson Aliza M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Increased arterial stiffness, common in end-stage renal disease patients, has been shown to affect the correspondence between oscillometric and mercury sphygmomanometer blood pressure readings. The purpose of this study was to validate an oscillometric home blood pressure monitor in an end-stage renal disease population and to determine the effect ...
Lin Albert Chin-Yuh - - 2007
This paper presents a non-invasive approach to measuring the instantaneous arterial blood pressure based upon the tissue control method. According to animal experiments, there exists a pressed location where the mean blood pressure in the artery is equivalent to the mean pressure measured on the skin. At this location, the ...
Hsu Tzu-Chi - - 2007
PURPOSE: Ankle/brachial pressure is used as a predictor for the outcome of femoro-popliteal bypass. It has been suggested that a mean inferior mesenteric artery stump pressure (IMASP) below 40 mmHg after aortic reconstruction may be similarly predictive of postoperative ischemic colitis. No previous report has considered IMASP as a predictor ...
Sanan T B - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To obtain reference arterial blood pressure values from Kangal dogs, a local giant breed found in Turkey. METHODS: Arterial blood pressure measurements were obtained from 48 healthy Kangal dogs using oscillometric and Doppler techniques. The ages of the dogs ranged from two to 96 months, with a mean (sd) ...
Mori Tomio - - 2007
Mercury allergy is a serious health problem. We investigated the relationship between positive patch test for mercury and sources of mercury exposure, indicated by concentrations in biological samples from healthy medical students. Patch tests for mercury (Hg-PT) were performed on 580 students. For a group of 55 students with a ...
Nukumizu Yoshihito - - 2007
To assess the reliability of the oscillometric method in patients with peripheral vascular disease, ankle blood pressure measurement by Doppler and oscillometry was compared. This study represents a prospective, non-blinded examination of pressure measurements in 168 patients. Twenty-two patients were included who had abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) and 146 had ...
Adiyaman Ahmet - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether crossing of the legs at the knee or at the ankles during blood pressure measurement in sitting position has an effect on blood pressure. METHODS: One hundred and eleven patients, 60 women, mean age 52+/-17 years (19-80): 49 chronically treated hypertensives, 28 treated diabetics and 34 ...
Pan Cheng-Rui - - 2007
The ankle-brachial blood pressure index (ABI) predicts cardiovasular disease. To our knowledge, no study has compared manual ABI measurements with an automated electronic oscillometric method in a population sample. We enrolled 946 residents (50.8% women; mean age, 43.5 years) from 8 villages in JingNing County, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China. We ...
Pracca Francisco F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe a direct intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measurement technique using a solid microsensor comparing its values with the ones simultaneously obtained by means of Kron's technique. Comparative study between two different methods to measure intra-abdominal pressure in a multidisciplinary intensive care unit of a university hospital. METHODS: In 11 ...
Macintyre Lisa - - 2007
Pressure garments have been used prophylactically and to treat hypertrophic scars, resulting from serious burns, since the early 1970s. They are custom-made from elastic fabrics by commercial producers and hospital staff. However, no clear scientifically established method has ever been published for their design and manufacture. Previous work [2] identified ...
Sammons Emily L - - 2007
Assessment of dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA) requires continuous recording of arterial blood pressure (ABP). In humans, noninvasive ABP recordings with the Finapres device have often been used for this purpose. We compared estimates of dynamic CA derived from Finapres with those from invasive recordings in the aorta. Measurements of finger ...
Karalezli Nazim - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The literature is scarce on wrist tourniquets. In this study, three well-established locations of tourniquet setting including upper arm, proximal forearm, and wrist were compared on the same limb using both clinical as well as biochemical variables in paramedical volunteers. METHODS: Twenty unmedicated, healthy, paramedical, right-hand dominant volunteers participated ...
Schell Kathleen A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of anatomical structures, specifically limb subcutaneous tissue and vessels on differences between forearm and upper arm oscillometric noninvasive blood pressure measurements. METHODS: Nineteen volunteers with a mean age of 21.7+/-3.7 years and without peripheral vascular disease or coronary artery ...
Dorigatti Francesca - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of the Gamma G7 (and G5 model) and XXL-LF aneroid sphygmomanometers developed by the Heine Company. DESIGN: Device evaluations were performed using the new protocol of the European Society of Hypertension. Monitor performance was assessed in relation to participants' sex, age, arm circumference, and systolic ...
Kleefstra, N.
Objective. To determine the prevalence of inter-arm blood pressure differences > 10 mmHg in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) and to determine whether these differences are consistent over time. Design. Descriptive. Method. In an evaluation study of 169 DM2 patients from 5 general practices in 2003 and 2004, ...
Tanaka Shinobu - - 2007
A new technique for swiftly determine a servo reference value (Vo) of the volume-compensation method was developed. To determine the Vo values, high frequency vibration (frequency: 20 Hz, pulse pressure: 10 mmHg) was superimposed on cuff pressure (Pc), and artificially produced arterial wall oscillation was detected as photoplethys-mographic (PG) pulsation ...
Mambelli Emanuele - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As symptomatic intradialytic hypotension in the hemodialysis (HD) patient is often a sudden event whose onset cannot be predicted by means of extemporary measures, continuous blood pressure (BP) measurement would be far more useful. We tested a new continuous noninvasive BP monitoring system, Harmonized Alert Sensing Technology (HASTE), which, ...
Huang Bin - - 2007
Endothelial dysfunction is an early indicator of developing atherosclerosis and is a strong predictor of future heart attack and stroke. At present, evaluation of endothelial function (EF) (specifically, EF mediated by nitric oxide, NO) is too technically difficult to form part of a routine clinical examination. Non-invasive methods that measure ...
Lange Stefan F - - 2007
The ankle brachial index (ABI) is an efficient tool for objectively documenting the presence of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD). However, different methods exist for ABI calculation, which might result in varying PAD prevalence estimates. To address this question, we compared five different methods of ABI calculation using Doppler ...
Adiyaman Ahmet - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Determining the influence of the position of the arm on blood pressure measurement in the sitting position. METHODS: Blood pressure of 128 individuals (the majority being treated hypertensive patients) visiting the outpatient clinic was measured simultaneously on both arms with arms in two different positions. First, both arms were ...
Henschke Nicholas - - 2006
Measurements of volume are taken in the clinical environment to determine the extent of swelling and to evaluate the effects of treatment interventions. In the research setting, volume measurements are taken to determine experimental outcomes. Water displacement and figure-of-eight methods are highly reliable for measuring foot and ankle volumes, but ...
Partsch Hugo - - 2006
It is unknown if the pressure values of compression stockings indicated by the producers correspond to the actual compression pressure exerted in vivo. This study compared pressure and stiffness of ready-made compression stockings (Venosan) of different classes, measured on the leg and by laboratory testing. This was an experimental study ...
Kinsella S M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hydrostatic forces affect non-invasive blood pressure measurement in the lateral position. This study assessed the extent of this effect with the mercury column sphygmomanometer and Dinamap oscillometric instrument as well as different recommendations for comparing supine and lateral blood pressure measurements. METHOD: Thirty-two term pregnant women were studied in ...
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