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Kim W - - 2008
Lymphedema is swelling, particularly in the subcutaneous tissues, due to accumulation of lymph. Previous imaging techniques have demonstrated associated structural changes and have been used for evaluating the status of soft tissues. However, the reliability of measurements using ultrasonography has not been evaluated and the ultrasonographic method has been unable ...
Moore C - - 2008
The suitability of alternative sites for non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) measurement was investigated in 100 awake healthy volunteers. The calf and the ankle were chosen for comparison with the arm, and the results analysed subjected to Bland-Altman analysis. Discomfort was graded using a Visual Analogue Scale. There was a poor ...
Raamat R - - 2009
We investigated finger beat-to-beat blood pressure responses to a series of successive hand elevations in 14 normal volunteers. By passive elevation of the hand by 40 cm and lowering it again after a minute, calibrated hydrostatic pressure changes were induced in the finger arteries of the subjects. Three successive procedures ...
O'Shea Joyce - - 2009
Blood pressure monitoring is an essential component of neonatal intensive care. We compared invasive and noninvasive (Dinamap, Marquette, and Dash) recordings in newborns and also noninvasive values obtained from upper and lower limbs. Infants' blood pressure was recorded every 6 hours for 72 hours using three noninvasive devices and compared ...
Acierno Mark J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of agreement between direct and indirect blood pressure measurements obtained from healthy Hispaniolan Amazon parrots (Amazona ventralis) anesthetized with isoflurane. DESIGN: Validation study. ANIMALS: 16 healthy adult Hispaniolan Amazon parrots. PROCEDURES: Parrots were anesthetized, and a 26-gauge, 19-mm catheter was placed percutaneously in the superficial ...
Domiano Kathy L - - 2008
The upper arm is the primary site used to obtain a blood pressure measurement (BPM); however, when it is not possible to use the upper arm, the forearm is a commonly used alternate site. This study determines if there is a significant difference between upper arm and forearm BPMs among ...
Yang Wenjie W Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, - - 2008
The random-zero sphygmomanometer has been widely used in observational studies and clinical trials for blood pressure measurement. We examined the agreement of blood pressure measurements between random-zero and standard mercury sphygmomanometers among 2007 Chinese study participants aged 15 to 60 years. Three blood pressure readings were obtained by trained observers ...
Sheriff D D - - 2009
AIM: Mechanical factors such as the muscle pump have been proposed to augment flow by several mechanisms. The potential for limb angular motion to augment local perfusion pressure (pressure = (1/2)rhor(2)omega(2), where rho is the fluid density, r the radius and omega the angular velocity) has been overlooked. We sought ...
Feng Minjie - - 2008
The American Heart Association has recommended tail-cuff blood pressure measurement for high-throughput experimental designs, including mutagenesis screens and genetic crosses. However, some tail-cuff methods show good agreement with radiotelemetry and others do not, indicating that each tail-cuff method requires independent validation. We validated the volume-pressure recording (VPR) tail-cuff method by ...
MacDonald Euan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Conventional sphygmomanometers are being replaced by automated devices; can they be used to accurately calculate ABPI? METHOD: Thirty-six volunteers (72 legs) attending a vascular clinic had their ankle, brachial blood pressure and ABPIs calculated using each of these 3 methods. (1) Conventional aneuroid BP cuff with hand held doppler. ...
Gornik Heather L - - 2008
To validate a method for determination of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) in the seated position. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a prevalent disorder that is associated with quality of life impairment and increased risk of a major cardiovascular event. The ABI is the initial test for screening and diagnosis of ...
Richard Conti C - - 2008
Prior to discussing some thoughts about positional changes in blood pressure, I'd like to comment on the measurement of blood pressure.It is rare for a medical student, a resident-in-training, a cardiovascular fellow-in-training, or even a practicing or academic cardiologist to take the patient's blood pressure. I would even go so ...
Duncan Andrea F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the interrater variability and effect of state on systolic blood pressure measurements in infants </=3 years of age. METHODS: Study 1 examined interrater variability, determined by interclass correlation coefficient for 2 raters, and the effect of state on systolic blood pressure ...
Heinemann Megan - - 2008
This study evaluated the accuracy and reliability of the Dinamap 8100 automated blood pressure machine against three internationally recognized criteria. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were taken concurrently by two nurses using the automated machine and a manual sphygmomanometer. Results demonstrated agreement between automated and manual readings on one set ...
Stapleton Claire - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine changes in axillary artery diameter and peak systolic velocity in asymptomatic individuals during upper limb positioning commonly used to assess vascular pathology in athletes. DESIGN: Repeated measures observational study. SETTING: Physiology laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Subjective and objective screening excluded individuals with past, ...
Hager Helmut - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In morbidly obese patients, oscillometric blood pressure measurements with an upper-arm cuff are often difficult to perform. The alternative method, invasive blood pressure monitoring, can be difficult to place and is associated with risks. A wrist-mounted blood pressure-monitoring device, the Vasotrac, provides accurate blood pressure measurements in lean patients. ...
Westhoff Timm H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise is broadly recommended as a helpful adjunct to obtain blood pressure control in hypertension. Several hypertensive patients, however, are limited by musculoskeletal complaints or vascular occlusive disease from lower-limb exercise such as jogging or cycling. In the present randomized-controlled study, we evaluate whether an aerobic arm-cycling program ...
Guelen Ilja - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of finger artery pressure with Finapres offers noninvasive continuous blood pressure, which, however, differs from brachial artery pressure. Generalized waveform filtering and level correction may convert the finger artery pressure waveform to a brachial waveform. An upper-arm cuff return-to-flow measurement may be used to calibrate the blood pressure ...
Shaltis Phillip A - - 2008
This paper presents a new principle for noninvasive blood pressure measurements through a modified volume-oscillometric technique that eliminates an inflatable pressure cuff, and instead takes advantage of natural hydrostatic pressure changes caused by raising and lowering the subject's arm. This new methodology provides the distinct advantage of using an absolute ...
Aboyans V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite its validity as a screening test for peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and its prognostic value, the ankle-brachial index (ABI) is infrequently used in primary care, probably because a Doppler device is required, along with the requisite skill for its use. We hypothesized that ABI could be accurately measured ...
Zahedi E - - 2008
This study was conducted to investigate the utility and efficacy of finger photoplethysmogram pulse amplitude (PPG-AC) in comparison with the standard Doppler ultrasound in assessing an endothelial function via flow-mediated dilation (FMD). High-resolution B-mode scanning of the right brachial artery (BA) of 31 healthy subjects aged 39.7 +/- 11.3 (range ...
Hsiang Tsai-Yuan - - 2008
The present study compared 2 indirect methods, Doppler sphygmomanometry and oscillometry, for measurement of the systemic blood pressure level in 100 conscious, client-owned dogs in a clinical setting on 2 separate occasions. The mean systemic blood pressure values, measured by Doppler sphygmomanometry on 2 separate occasions, were 156 +/- 38.2 ...
Joensen J B - - 2008
This study assesses measurement variation in the measurement of ankle systolic blood pressure (ABP) when measured with Doppler ultrasound and with the strain gauge method. Ninety-seven patients were included. ABP was measured with Doppler ultrasound and with the strain gauge method. The methods were compared graphically by scatterplots and analyzed ...
Reza Badalzadeh - - 2008
Exposure to low levels of lead acetate can induce hypertension in both humans and experimental animals. The exact mechanisms of lead-induced hypertension are not well understood, but its pathogenesis could be explained by the changes in heart rate and contractility. In the present study, the effects of exposure to 100 ...
Ma Grace - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The measurement of blood pressure is a common clinical exam with important health consequences. We sought to determine whether the measurement of blood pressure over a sleeved arm varies from that taken on a bare arm. METHODS: We recruited 376 patients between 18 and 85 years of age from ...
Guss David A - - 2008
Blood pressure is a standard vital sign in patients evaluated in an Emergency Department. The American Heart Association has recommended a preferred position of the arm and cuff when measuring blood pressure. There is no formal recommendation for arm position when measuring orthostatic blood pressure. The objective of this study ...
Nelson Debralee - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine if automated and aneroid manometers are as accurate a means of determining blood pressure as the mercury manometer. Obtaining vital signs for patients is considered standard of care, yet many dental offices do not routinely perform this health service because of ...
Hietanen Heikki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The ankle blood pressure is commonly used as a ratio to the brachial blood pressure, called ankle-brachial index (ABI). Very few studies have considered the independent value of the ankle blood pressure without indexing it to the brachial blood pressure. We examined the value of ankle blood pressure, together ...
Normand Hervé - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement of beat-to-beat arterial blood pressure is essential for understanding the cardiovascular adaptation to weightlessness; however, the intra-arterial standard of beat-to-beat blood pressure measurement has never been used during space flight because of its invasive nature. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare noninvasive radial ...
Ohte Nobuyuki - - 2007
Recently, the importance of central blood pressure for cardiovascular risk stratification has been emphasized. Accordingly, the differences in peak systolic and bottom diastolic pressures between the ascending aorta and the brachial artery should be clarified. Study subjects consisted of 82 consecutive patients with suspected coronary artery disease who underwent cardiac ...
Igarashi Yuko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although measuring blood pressure at the bilateral brachia is common in medical practice, its clinical significance in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been fully clarified. METHODS: To define the significance of inter-arm systolic blood pressure difference in patients with suspected CAD, and to assess the ...
Amoore John N - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Oscillometric noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) devices determine pressure by analysing the oscillometric waveform using empirical algorithms. Many algorithms analyse the waveform by calculating the systolic and diastolic characteristic ratios, which are the amplitudes of the oscillometric pulses in the cuff at, respectively, the systolic and diastolic pressures, divided by ...
Male Stuart - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study was to find the normal range of Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI) for healthy adults in the 20-40-year age group. The hypothesis was: there is no difference between the accepted normal value of ABPI (1.00) and the observed value of ABPI in healthy adults ...
Harrison M J - - 2007
We have developed an anaesthesia alarm system that responds in a more clinically appropriate manner than current threshold alarms. A decrease in systolic arterial pressure of 10 mmHg from a previous value of 70 mmHg has a greater clinical significance than a decrease of 10 mmHg from 150 mmHg. However, ...
Charmoy Alexia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cuff inflation at the arm is known to cause an instantaneous rise in blood pressure, which might be due to the discomfort of the procedure and might interfere with the precision of the blood pressure measurement. In this study, we compared the reactive rise in blood pressure induced by ...
MacMurdo S Dale - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal location for a tourniquet applied to the arm during cannulation of a hand vein. DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Operating room of a university hospital. SUBJECTS: 15 volunteers, 6 men and 9 women. MEASUREMENTS: A vein on the dorsum of the hand was cannulated and ...
Pramanik T - - 2007
Blood pressure in normal adults in the present study population in Nepal is found to be less in comparison to that recorded in Framingham study, USA. To find out the cause of variation of blood pressure values, this study was designed. Blood pressures of healthy young subjects were recorded by ...
Deflandre Catherine J A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of the Surgivet Non-Invasive Blood Pressure (NIBP) monitor V60046 with an invasive blood pressure (IBP) technique in anaesthetized dogs. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. ANIMALS: Thirty-four dogs, anaesthetized for a variety of procedures. METHODS: Various anaesthetic protocols were used. Invasive blood pressure measurement was made ...
Clark Christopher E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A blood pressure (BP) difference between the upper limbs is often encountered in primary care. Knowledge of its prevalence and importance in the accurate measurement of BP is poor, representing a source of error. Current hypertension guidelines do not emphasize this. OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of an inter-arm ...
Knecht Sandra K - - 2007
The aim of this study was to provide a normal reference for arm-leg blood pressure gradients in normal pediatric and young-adult patients before and after exercise. We assessed 216 normal participants by physical or echocardiographic exam, maximally tested using the James Cycle Protocol, with arm and leg blood pressures taken ...
Thompson Aliza M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Increased arterial stiffness, common in end-stage renal disease patients, has been shown to affect the correspondence between oscillometric and mercury sphygmomanometer blood pressure readings. The purpose of this study was to validate an oscillometric home blood pressure monitor in an end-stage renal disease population and to determine the effect ...
Lin Albert Chin-Yuh - - 2007
This paper presents a non-invasive approach to measuring the instantaneous arterial blood pressure based upon the tissue control method. According to animal experiments, there exists a pressed location where the mean blood pressure in the artery is equivalent to the mean pressure measured on the skin. At this location, the ...
Hsu Tzu-Chi - - 2007
PURPOSE: Ankle/brachial pressure is used as a predictor for the outcome of femoro-popliteal bypass. It has been suggested that a mean inferior mesenteric artery stump pressure (IMASP) below 40 mmHg after aortic reconstruction may be similarly predictive of postoperative ischemic colitis. No previous report has considered IMASP as a predictor ...
Sanan T B - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To obtain reference arterial blood pressure values from Kangal dogs, a local giant breed found in Turkey. METHODS: Arterial blood pressure measurements were obtained from 48 healthy Kangal dogs using oscillometric and Doppler techniques. The ages of the dogs ranged from two to 96 months, with a mean (sd) ...
Mori Tomio - - 2007
Mercury allergy is a serious health problem. We investigated the relationship between positive patch test for mercury and sources of mercury exposure, indicated by concentrations in biological samples from healthy medical students. Patch tests for mercury (Hg-PT) were performed on 580 students. For a group of 55 students with a ...
Nukumizu Yoshihito - - 2007
To assess the reliability of the oscillometric method in patients with peripheral vascular disease, ankle blood pressure measurement by Doppler and oscillometry was compared. This study represents a prospective, non-blinded examination of pressure measurements in 168 patients. Twenty-two patients were included who had abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) and 146 had ...
Adiyaman Ahmet - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether crossing of the legs at the knee or at the ankles during blood pressure measurement in sitting position has an effect on blood pressure. METHODS: One hundred and eleven patients, 60 women, mean age 52+/-17 years (19-80): 49 chronically treated hypertensives, 28 treated diabetics and 34 ...
Pan Cheng-Rui - - 2007
The ankle-brachial blood pressure index (ABI) predicts cardiovasular disease. To our knowledge, no study has compared manual ABI measurements with an automated electronic oscillometric method in a population sample. We enrolled 946 residents (50.8% women; mean age, 43.5 years) from 8 villages in JingNing County, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China. We ...
Pracca Francisco F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe a direct intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measurement technique using a solid microsensor comparing its values with the ones simultaneously obtained by means of Kron's technique. Comparative study between two different methods to measure intra-abdominal pressure in a multidisciplinary intensive care unit of a university hospital. METHODS: In 11 ...
Macintyre Lisa - - 2007
Pressure garments have been used prophylactically and to treat hypertrophic scars, resulting from serious burns, since the early 1970s. They are custom-made from elastic fabrics by commercial producers and hospital staff. However, no clear scientifically established method has ever been published for their design and manufacture. Previous work [2] identified ...
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