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Hilt Florian F Science and Analysis of Materials Department , Centre de Recherche Public-Gabriel Lippmann , Belvaux L-4422, - - 2014
An innovative atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition method toward the deposition of polymeric layers has been developed. This latter involves the use of a nanopulsed plasma discharge to initiate the free-radical polymerization of an allyl monomer containing phosphorus (diethylallylphosphate, DEAP) at atmospheric pressure. The polymeric structure of the film is ...
Modolo Rodrigo R Laboratory of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, FCM 10 Building, 1st Floor, Campinas, SP, Brazil, - - 2014
Resistant hypertension (RHTN) consists in a condition where blood pressure (BP) levels remain uncontrolled despite the use of at least three drugs or if the control happens with four or more drugs. Throughout the last 50 years, it has been increasingly studied, and its phenotypes have been identified. The term refractory ...
Muxfeldt Elizabeth S ES Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho, Medical School, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, - - 2014
With an increased prevalence, resistant hypertension is recognized as an entity with a high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In a large cohort of patients with resistant hypertension, the crude incidence rate of total cardiovascular events reached 4.32 per 100 patient-years of follow-up (19.6 %), with a cardiovascular mortality of 8.3 % (incidence ...
Wada Naoki - - 2014
The baroreflex plays a key role in human BP (blood pressure) regulation. Its efferent limb consists of a vagal and a sympathetic component. The Valsalva manoeuvre is widely used to quantify vagal baroreflex function [BRS_vagal (vagal baroreflex sensitivity)], but most studies have focused on the R-R interval response to BP ...
Siddle Katherine J KJ Unit of Human Evolutionary Genetics, Department of Genomes and Genetics, Institut Pasteur, Paris 75015, France; CNRS URA3012, Paris 75015, - - 2014
Pathogens, and the infectious diseases they cause, have been paramount among the threats encountered by humans in their expansions throughout the globe. Numerous studies have identified immunity and host defence genes as being among the functions most strongly targeted by selection, most likely pathogen-driven. The dissection of the form and ...
Cao Xia X Department of Health Management Center, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, China Tongzipo Road 138, Changsha, 410013, Hunan Province, China, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to investigate whether prehypertension is associated with progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the general population in central south China. A prospective cohort study was carried out in 1,703 white-collar workers without preexisting CKD in Changsha in 2006 at baseline. The cohort population ...
Liu Gang G Department of Special Medical Treatment Center,Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College,167 Beilishi Road,Beijing100037,People's Republic of - - 2014
The effect of tea intake on blood pressure (BP) is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials to determine the changes in systolic and diastolic BP due to the intake of black and green tea. A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Controlled Trials ...
Su Danting D Zhejiang Provincial Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China, Clinical Trial Service Unit and Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, Tongxiang Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhejiang Province, China, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China and School of Public Health, Peking University Health Sciences Center, Beijing, - - 2014
In many Western populations, blood pressure varies moderately with season and outdoor temperature. Relatively little is known about effects of seasonal changes in blood pressure on the detection and control of hypertension in general populations, especially in low- and middle-income countries. We analysed cross-sectional data of 57 375 (42% men) participants ...
Beattie Catherine J CJ From the Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2014
Hypertension is a key risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and new treatments are needed. Uric acid reduction lowers blood pressure (BP) in adolescents, suggesting a direct pathophysiological role in the development of hypertension. Whether the same relationship is present in older adults is unknown. We explored change in BP after ...
Asayama Kei K From the Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (K.A., L.T., Y.-M.G., A.H., Y.-P.L., Z.Z., F.-F.W., J.A.S.); Department of Planning for Drug Development and Clinical Evaluation, Tohoku University Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sendai, Japan (K.A., T.O., Y.I.); Center for Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials and Center for Vascular Evaluations, Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China (Y.L., F.-F.W., J.W.); Centro de Nefrología and Departamento de Fisiopatología, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay (I.L., J.B., L. Luzardo); Departamento de Informática, Universidad Politécnica de Sinaloa, Mazatlán, Mexico (L.J.M.); Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte and Research Center for Prevention and Health, Denmark (T.W.H.); Section of Geriatrics, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden (K.B.-B., L. Lind); Department of Cardiology, Karolinska Institute, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden (K.B.-B.); Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (K.N., T.O.); Department of Medicine, Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (J.J.); Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark (C.T.-P.); Cambridge University Hospitals, Addenbrook's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom (E.D.); First Department of Cardiology, Interventional Electrocardiology and Hypertension, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland (K.S.-S., K.K.-J.); Department of Medicine, University of Padua, Padua, Italy (E.C.); Institute of Internal Medicine, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation (S.M., Y.N.); Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Pilsen, Czech Republic (J.F.); Asociación Española Primera de Socorros Mutuos, Montevideo, Uruguay (E.S.); Laboratorio de Neurociencias and Instituto Cardiovascular, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela (L.J.M., G.E.M.); Departments of Psychiatry, Neurology, and G.H. Sergievsky Center at Columbia University, New York, NY (G.E.M.); Heart Disease Prevention Program, Division of Cardiology, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine (S.S.F.); Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland (E.O.); and Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands - - 2014
Outcome-driven recommendations about time intervals during which ambulatory blood pressure should be measured to diagnose white-coat or masked hypertension are lacking. We cross-classified 8237 untreated participants (mean age, 50.7 years; 48.4% women) enrolled in 12 population studies, using ≥140/≥90, ≥130/≥80, ≥135/≥85, and ≥120/≥70 mm Hg as hypertension thresholds for conventional, ...
- - 2014
We aimed to investigate whether the benefits of blood pressure-lowering drugs are proportional to baseline cardiovascular risk, to establish whether absolute risk could be used to inform treatment decisions for blood pressure-lowering therapy, as is recommended for lipid-lowering therapy. This meta-analysis included individual participant data from trials that randomly assigned ...
Cicero Af A Department of Medicine and Surgery Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
Serum cholesterol has been demonstrated to correlate with blood pressure values, therefore abnormal levels of serum cholesterol might contribute to the development of hypertension. The aim of the present study was to assess the new-onset of hypertension over a period of 8 years in a pharmacologically untreated population sample in ...
Mente Andrew A The authors' affiliations are listed in the - - 2014
Higher levels of sodium intake are reported to be associated with higher blood pressure. Whether this relationship varies according to levels of sodium or potassium intake and in different populations is unknown. We studied 102,216 adults from 18 countries. Estimates of 24-hour sodium and potassium excretion were made from a ...
Sim John J JJ Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medical data or clinical guidelines have not adequately addressed the ideal blood pressure (BP) treatment targets for survival and renal outcome. This study sought to evaluate ranges of treated BP in a large hypertension population and compare risk of mortality and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A retrospective cohort study within the ...
Schneider B P BP Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2014
Background:Bevacizumab has broad anti-tumour activity, but substantial risk of hypertension. No reliable markers are available for predicting bevacizumab-induced hypertension.Methods:A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in the phase III bevacizumab-based adjuvant breast cancer trial, ECOG-5103, to evaluate for an association between genotypes and hypertension. GWAS was conducted in those who ...
Sousa Uva Mafalda M Departamento de Epidemiologia, Instituto Nacional Doutor Ricardo Jorge, Lisboa, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Portuguese population is reported to have among the highest levels of mean blood pressure. The aim of the present study is to conduct a structured literature review describing the scope (quantity, focus and nature) of published epidemiological research on the prevalence and incidence of hypertension in the Portuguese population. ...
Feldheiser A A Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Campus Charité Mitte and Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, - - 2014
Evidence for the benefit of an intraoperative use of a goal-directed haemodynamic management has grown. We compared the oesophageal Doppler monitor (ODM, CardioQ-ODM™) with a calibrated pulse contour analysis (PCA, PiCCO2™) with regard to assessment of stroke volume (SV) changes after volume administration within a goal-directed haemodynamic algorithm during non-cardiac ...
Farah Breno Q BQ Associate Graduate Program in Physical Education, University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, - - 2014
To establish reference values of heart rate variability (HRV) measures in a cohort of adolescent boys and to determine the relationship between HRV and the clustering of risk factors (RFs) for cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional study included 1152 adolescent boys (age: 16.6 ± 1.2 years old). Demographic data, health-related habits, obesity indicators, and ...
Kuriyama Akira A Department of Health Informatics, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Kyoto 606-8501, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and predictors of working-age individuals who did not follow-up for possible hypertension that was detected in the population-based screening. We conducted a retrospective cohort study, using the database of health insurance claims and health checkups from several health insurance societies for employees in ...
Peterson Lars E - - 2014
Hypertension is a cause of considerable morbidity and mortality. Our objective was to describe the quality outcomes associated with physicians' completion of hypertension Performance in Practice Modules (PPMs) as part of Maintenance of Certification (MOC). Descriptive study of all hypertension PPMs completed by family physicians from July 2006 to 2013. ...
Chen Xiao-Jing - - 2014
Community health service center (CHSC) in China is always regarded as a good facility of primary care, which plays an important role in chronic non-communicable disease management. This study aimed to investigate the blood pressure (BP) control rate in a real life CHSC-based management program and its determinants. The study ...
Li Zhao Z Department of Cardiology, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the present status of prehypertension in rural China. It was conducted between January and August 2013, using a multistage clustering method to select a representative sample of individuals (≥35 years old), resulting in a study population of 11,576 adults. Prehypertension was defined as a systolic blood ...
Spielberg David R DR From the *Department of Pediatrics, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina; †Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania Medical School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; ‡Department of Anesthesia, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, California; and §Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North - - 2014
Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) is used to decrease arterial blood pressure (BP) during certain surgical procedures. There are limited data regarding efficacy of BP control with SNP. There are no data on patient and clinician factors that affect BP control. We evaluated the dose-response relationship of SNP in infants and children ...
Hajeb P P a Food Safety Research Centre (FOSREC), Faculty of Food Science and Technology , Universiti Putra Malaysia , Serdang , Selangor , - - 2014
This study aimed to optimize the operating conditions for the supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) of toxic elements from fish oil. The SFE operating parameters of pressure, temperature, CO2 flow rate, and extraction time were optimized using a central composite design (CCD) of response surface methodology (RSM). High coefficients of determination ...
Kovesdy Csaba P CP Division of Nephrology, Memphis VA Medical Center, Memphis, Tennessee2Division of Nephrology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, - - 2014
The effect of strict blood pressure control on clinical outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear. To compare the outcomes associated with a treated systolic blood pressure (SBP) of less than 120 mm Hg vs those associated with the currently recommended SBP of less than 140 mm ...
Gottesman Rebecca F RF Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland2Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
Hypertension is a treatable potential cause of cognitive decline and dementia, but its greatest influence on cognition may occur in middle age. To evaluate the association between midlife (48-67 years of age) hypertension and the 20-year change in cognitive performance. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities cohort (1990-1992 through 2011-2013) underwent ...
Faramawi Mohammed F MF Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, 77205, USA, - - 2014
The association between environmental lead exposure and blood pressure variability, an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is unexplored and unknown. The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that lead exposure is associated with blood pressure variability. American participants 17 years of age or older from National Health ...
Franceschini Nora N Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, 137 E. Franklin St., Suite 306, Chapel Hill, NC, USA, - - 2014
Hypertension is the most common chronic condition seen by physicians in ambulatory care and a condition for which life-long medications are commonly prescribed. There is evidence for genetic factors influencing blood pressure variation in populations and response to medications. This review summarizes recent genetic discoveries that surround blood pressure, hypertension, ...
Balfour Pelbreton C PC Jr Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, - - 2014
Despite remarkable declines in US cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality over the last several decades, the prevalence of risk factors such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension remains high, associated with increasing obesity rates. Although optimal glycemic control remains a primary focus to decrease the disease burden, the FDA has ...
Whelton Paul K PK Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 440 Walnut Street, New Orleans, LA, 70118, USA, - - 2014
The scientific underpinning for recommended levels of dietary sodium and potassium intake is of great importance to healthcare providers and policy decision-makers. Recent clinical trials and meta-analyses confirm the capacity of dietary sodium reduction and potassium supplementation to reduce blood pressure with no harmful effects on blood lipid levels in ...
Bangsbo J J Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
This supplement contains 16 original articles describing how football conducted as small sided games affects fitness and health of untrained individuals across the lifespan. The intermittent nature of football and high exercise intensity result in a broad range of effects. The heart changes its structure and improves its function. Blood ...
McCloskey K K 1Child Health Research Unit,Barwon - - 2014
Childhood cardiovascular risk factors affect vascular function long before overt cardiovascular disease. Twin studies provide a unique opportunity to examine the influence of shared genetic and environmental influences on childhood cardiovascular function. We examined the relationship between birth parameters, markers of adiposity, insulin resistance, lipid profile and blood pressure and ...
Mazza A A Department of Internal Medicine, Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Rovigo, Italy - - - 2014
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is commonly calculated using the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) and Cockroft-Gault (CG) formulas and recently by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) algorithm and not directly measured, so that the real impact of antihypertensive therapy on GFR could not be well defined. ...
Cao Lei L The Heart Research Institute, Australia; The University of Sydney, - - 2014
To investigate the role of the sympathetic nervous system in the cardiovascular response to quiet standing in the postprandial state. Following a 30min pre-ingestion phase, 14 healthy young male subjects consumed a 600kcal carbohydrate-rich meal. Arterial blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded for a further 120min. Measurements ...
Zhang Ye-Fang YF Department of Nephrology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China, - - 2014
The efficacy and safety of uric-acid-lowering therapy (UALT) on slowing the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) accompanied by hyperuricemia were assessed. We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, Wanfang and Vip databases up to November 15, 2012 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which compared the effect of UALT to ...
Voss A A Prof. Dr. Andreas Voss, Department of Medical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Carl-Zeiss-Promenade 2, 07745 Jena, Germany, E-mail: - - 2014
Introduction: This article is part of the Focus Theme of Methods of Information in Medicine on "Biosignal Interpretation: Advanced Methods for Studying Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems". Background: Hypertensive pregnancy disorders affect 6 - 8 percent of all pregnancies and can result in severe complications for both the mother and the fetus. Objectives: ...
Bhansali A A Department of Endocrinology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of hypertension (HTN) and its risk factors in urban and rural India. In Phase I of the Indian Council of Medical Research-India Diabetes (ICMR-INDIAB) study, individuals aged ⩾20 years were surveyed using a stratified multistage sampling design, in three states ...
Liu G G Department of Special Medical Treatment Center, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
There is currently limited data on which drug should be used to improve blood pressure (BP) control in patients with resistant hypertension (RH). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies evaluating the anti-hypertensive benefit of aldosterone antagonists (AA) as an add-on therapy in patients with RH. A ...
Cunha P G PG 1] Center for the Research and Treatment of Arterial Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk, Internal Medicine Department, Guimarães-Centro Hospitalar do Alto Ave/Minho University, Guimarães, Portugal [2] Life and Health Science Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Science, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal [3] ICVS/3B's-PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães, - - 2014
Surveying the evolution of blood pressure (BP) levels and hypertension (HTN) prevalence is important. A stringent strategy was utilized in a population cohort study. The BP was measured at two visits at least 3 months apart, and the results were analyzed using the following two methods: the Surveillance method (three ...
Krakoff Lawrence R LR Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
A report from panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee titled "2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults" has garnered much attention due to its major change in recommendations for hypertension treatment for patients ≥60 years of age and for their treatment goal. In response, ...
Katsi V V Cardiology Department, Hippokration General Hospital of Athens, Greece - - - 2014
The variance in hypertension--related sequelae between different ethnic groups is highly related to differences in socioeconomic conditions and lifestyle habits, but also to disparities in the awareness and treatment of the disease. In the present study, we sought to evaluate the target organ damage in a vulnerable hypertensive population, such ...
Barbaro Natália Ruggeri NR Laboratory of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas (Unicamp) , Campinas , - - 2014
Background. Increased levels of inflammatory biomarkers such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), 10 (IL-10), 1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) are associated with arterial stiffness in hypertension. Indeed, resistant hypertension (RHTN) leads to unfavorable prognosis attributed to poor blood pressure (BP) control and target organ damage. This study ...
Whalen Lesta D LD All authors: Department of Pediatric Critical Care, Seattle Childrens Hospital, Seattle, - - 2014
To determine whether long-term dexmedetomidine dosing is associated with lower opioid and benzodiazepine use without risk of significant hemodynamic changes and/or withdrawal. Retrospective, observational study. PICU, cardiovascular ICU, and neonatal ICU in a single, tertiary care, academic children's hospital. We included all patients less than or equal to 21 years ...
Tyrovolas Stefanos S Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Fundació Sant Joan de Déu, CIBERSAM, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, Athens, - - 2014
The aim of this work was to evaluate factors associated with arterial blood pressure in a sample of older Mediterranean people without known cardiovascular disease. During 2005 to 2011, 2813 older (aged 65-100 years) individuals from 22 Mediterranean islands and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) voluntarily enrolled. Standard procedures were used ...
Chirinos Julio A JA University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA; Philadelphia VA Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
-Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an increased risk of heart failure (HF). We aimed to evaluate the role of large artery stiffness, brachial and central blood pressure as predictors of incident hospitalized HF in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC), a multi-ethnic multi-center prospective observational study of patients ...
McMullan Ciaran J CJ Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Increased systolic blood pressure variability between outpatient visits is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular end points. However, few studies have examined the association of visit-to-visit variability in systolic blood pressure with clinically relevant kidney disease outcomes. We analyzed the association of systolic blood pressure visit-to-visit variability with renal and ...
Zhao Leilei L Department of Cardiovascular-Internal Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, - - 2014
This study aimed to quantitatively evaluate the predictive value of brachial pulse pressure and cardiovascular or all-cause mortality in the general population based on prospective observational studies by conducting a meta-analysis. Only prospective observational studies investigating baseline brachial pulse pressure and cardiovascular or all-cause mortality risk were selected from PubMed ...
Amer Muhammad M Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Inverse association between lower level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and higher prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) among individuals with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is known. Less is known about the relationship between 25(OH)D and ankle-brachial blood pressure index (ABPI) in asymptomatic adults. We hypothesized a nonlinear relationship between 25(OH)D and ...
Santiago Luiz Miguel LM Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal; USF Topázio, ACES Baixo Mondego, ARS do Centro IP, Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the differences between controlled and uncontrolled hypertensive patients. This was a cross-sectional observational study of the hypertensive population on the lists of three general practitioners in the district of Coimbra in central Portugal in 2013, with a margin of error of 6% and 95% confidence interval in each ...
Gać Paweł - - 2014
INTRODUCTION A relationship between environmental exposure to cigarette smoke and blood pressure remains to be insufficiently recognised. OBJECTIVES The study aimed at evaluation of effects exerted by environmental exposure to cigarette smoke on blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension (ET). PATIENTS AND METHODS The study was conducted on 39 patients with ET ...
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