Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 3647
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Carlsson Axel C - - 2013
Our aim is to study associations between circulating endostatin, hypertension duration, and hypertensive target-organ damage. Long-term hypertension induces cardiovascular and renal remodeling. Circulating endostatin, a biologically active derivate of collagen XVIII, has been suggested to be a relevant marker for extracellular matrix turnover and remodeling in various diseases. However, the ...
Tailakh Ayman - - 2013
One billion of the world's population has hypertension, resulting in four million deaths per year. Data on the prevalence of hypertension in the Arab world are very limited. This review summarizes existing knowledge regarding prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension in Arab countries. The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and CINAHL ...
Ikeda Nayu N AXA Department of Health and Human Security, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan - - 2014
To examine hypertension management across countries and over time using consistent and comparable methods. A systematic search identified nationally representative health examination surveys from 20 countries containing data from 1980 to 2011 on blood pressure measurements, the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension and its control with antihypertensive drugs. For each ...
Kurtz Pedro - - 2013
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between cardiac index (CI) response to a fluid challenge and changes in brain tissue oxygen pressure (PbtO2) in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Prospective observational study was conducted in a neurological intensive care unit of a university hospital. Fifty-seven fluid ...
Wåhlin Anders - - 2013
Excessive intracranial pulsatility is thought to damage the cerebral microcirculation, causing cognitive decline in elderly individuals. We investigated relationships between brain structure and measures related to intracranial pulsatility among healthy elderly. Thirty-seven stroke-free, non-demented individuals (62-82 years of age) were included. We assessed brain structure, invasively measured cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...
Peck Robert N - - 2013
Among African-Americans adults, arterial hypertension is both more prevalent and associated with more complications than among white adults. Hypertension is also epidemic among black adults in sub-Saharan Africa. The treatment of hypertension among black adults may be complicated by lesser response to certain classes of anti-hypertensive agents. We systematically searched ...
Lipsitz Lewis A - - 2013
Hypertension is common among people older than 65 years, affecting nearly two-thirds of men and three-fourths of women by age 75 years. Treatment goals and medication selection for this population may differ from those for younger patients. To discuss the presentation, pathophysiology, and optimal treatment of hypertension among elderly persons. ...
Chandra Subhash - - 2013
Abstract Aim: Diabetes plays a major role in progression of renal failure. The risk-factor profile changes during the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) from mild/moderate to end-stage renal disease. The relationship between glycemic indices, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI) and age at diagnosis in Indians has been less ...
Hicken Margaret T - - 2013
Researchers have theorized that social and psychosocial factors increase vulnerability to the deleterious health effects of environmental hazards. We used baseline examination data (2000-2002) from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Participants were 45-84 years of age and free of clinical cardiovascular disease at enrollment (n = 6814). The modifying role ...
de la Sierra Alejandro - - 2013
Both increased night blood pressure (BP) and nondipping are associated with worse cardiovascular risk and prognosis. However, as they are often related features, their relative importance has been difficult to assess separately. In this study we address separate associations of nocturnal hypertension and nondipping with cardiovascular risk profile in treated ...
Plavcová Eva - - 2013
Sudden weather changes have long been thought to be associated with negative impacts on human health, but relatively few studies have attempted to quantify these relationships. We use large 6-h changes in atmospheric pressure as a proxy for sudden weather changes and evaluate their association with hospital admissions for cardiovascular ...
Tomiyama Hirofumi - - 2013
We examined the following: whether the estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated from the serum cystatin C levels (eGFRcys) and the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) might be independent predictors of the development of hypertension over the short term, without any interaction; whether the baPWV may be directly associated with the ...
Fedorowski Artur - - 2013
Impact of SBP vs. DBP decrement during orthostasis on cardiovascular events in hypertension is not clear. We assessed prospective association of orthostatic hypotension with mortality and major cardiovascular events [myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke] among 8788 treated hypertensive patients (52.2% men; mean age 52 years, mean BP 161/99 mmHg) without history ...
Gosse Philippe - - 2013
A retrospective pooled analysis of the 'Prospective, Randomized Investigation of the Safety and Efficacy of MICARDIS vs. Ramipril Using ABPM' studies conducted in Europe and South Africa (PRISMA I) and in the United States of America and Canada (PRISMA II) was carried out to investigate the effects of telmisartan and ...
Oosugi Kazuki - - 2013
An increase in systolic blood pressure (SBP) after hemodialysis (intradialytic-HTN) is associated with adverse outcomes in patients on regular hemodialysis. However, the hemodynamic and Doppler echocardiographic characteristics of intradialytic-HTN and its impact on clinical outcomes are unclear. A retrospective analysis of 84 patients (45 men, 70±9 years) stratified into three ...
Dicker Dror - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine whether epicardial adipose tissue thickness (EAT), a new cardiometabolic risk factor, is associated with essential hypertension. The sample included 127 asymptomatic patients with one or more cardiovascular risk factors consecutively referred for cardiac computed tomography angiography. Data were collected retrospectively and compared ...
Saranya Kuppusamy - - 2013
The study was conducted to assess the sympathovagal balance in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) using short-term heart rate variability (HRV) analysis and conventional autonomic function tests (CAFT). Thirty-one newly diagnosed patients with PCOS and 30 age-matched controls were recruited. Body mass index (BMI), waist : hip ratio (WHR), cardiovascular parameters ...
Saseen Joseph J - - 2013
This study assessed blood pressure (BP) goal maintenance in patients controlled with olmesartan monotherapy after switching to another angiotensin type II receptor blocker (ARB). Hypertensive patients prescribed olmesartan monotherapy were identified from GE Healthcare's Centricity electronic medical record between 2007 and 2011. After documentation of BP goal (<140/90 mm Hg) attainment, ...
Bilenko Natalya - - 2013
Elevation of a child's blood pressure may cause possible health risks in later life. There is evidence for adverse effects of exposure to air pollution and noise on blood pressure in adults. Little is known about these associations in children. We investigated the associations of air pollution and noise exposure ...
Rada Marcelo A - - 2013
Abstract The prognostic value of impedance cardiography (ICG; cardiac index [CI] and systemic vascular resistance index [SVRI] were measured) was assessed in this retrospective cohort study. A total of 1151 hypertensive outpatients >50 years with a baseline ICG were included. After median follow-up of 3.9 years, for the composite endpoint ...
Ozkayar Nihal - - 2013
Abstract Background/Aims: Hypertension is an important cardiovascular risk factor in renal transplant recipients. Elevated blood pressure variability (BPV) during 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is associated with increased risk of target organ damage and cardiovascular events, independent of mean blood pressure levels. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between ...
Shahin Dima S - - 2013
Abstract There is no agreement on the involvement of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene A(1166)C variant and essential hypertension. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene A(1166)C variants with essential hypertension and some related parameters in a ...
Pierdomenico Sante D - - 2013
The independent prognostic significance of morning surge (MS) in blood pressure (BP) is not yet clear. We investigated the association between MS in systolic BP (SBP) and risk of ischemic stroke in elderly patients treated for hypertension. Occurrence of ischemic stroke was evaluated in 1,191 elderly patients treated for hypertension ...
Zhou Jianguang - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: This study documented the prevalence and clinical features of white coat hypertension (WCH) among Chinese Han patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements were compared in 856 patients with T2DM to determine the frequency of WCH (WCH was defined as ...
Mrgan Monija - - 2013
Capillary refill time (CRT) has been advocated as a tool for rapid assessment of circulatory status. The correlation between neither CRT and mortality nor CRT and markers of circulatory status has been assessed. We performed a prospective observational cohort study to assess the relationship between CRT (using two existing definitions ...
Aneni Ehimen - - 2013
Heart rate recovery (HRR) has been shown to predict cardiovascular disease mortality. HRR is delayed in hypertension, but its association with prehypertension (PHT) has not been well studied. The study population consisted of 683 asymptomatic individuals (90% men, aged 47±7.9 years). HRR was defined as peak heart rate minus heart ...
Fuller Gordon - - 2013
Low systolic blood pressure (SBP) is an important secondary insult following traumatic brain injury (TBI), but its exact relationship with outcome is not well characterised. Although a SBP of <90mmHg represents the threshold for hypotension in consensus TBI treatment guidelines, recent studies suggest redefining hypotension at higher levels. This study ...
Candan Cengiz - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its relation to risk factors in pediatric patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (NS). Thirty-seven patients with normal renal function were compared with 22 healthy controls regarding the presence of subclinical CVD. Measurements included aortic ...
Sangil Carlos - - 2013
In this paper we develop a tool to assess the impact of fishing on ecosystem functioning in shallow rocky reefs. The relationships between biological parameters (fishes, sea urchins, seaweeds), and fishing activities (fish traps, boats, land-based fishing, spearfishing) were tested in La Palma island (Canary Islands). Data from fishing activities ...
Aghaei Meybodi Hamid Reza - - 2013
Abstract Background: The prevalence of HTN varies considerably worldwide. This study was carried out to illustrate the prevalence of hypertension in a group of Iranian population based on the data gathered for Iranian Multi-centric Osteoporosis Studies (IMOS). Methods: This study analyzes the systolic and diastolic blood pressure from the IMOS, ...
Tucceri Maria Eugenia - - 2013
A detailed theoretical study of the kinetics of the thermal decomposition of 2-chloropropene over the 600 -1400 K temperature range has been done. The reaction takes place through the elimination of HCl with the concomitant formation of propyne or allene products. Relevant molecular properties of the reactant and transition states ...
Xu Weixian - - 2013
No previous studies investigated the interaction of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and overcommitment on blood pressure. Our aim was to investigate associations of ERI and overcommitment (and their interaction) with blood pressure and hypertension within a Chinese population. Seven hundred thirty-four participants from the Stress and Health in Shenzhen Workers study ...
Zhu Pengli - - 2013
Objectives. To describe the relationship of plasma apelin levels with blood pressure in a coastal Chinese population. Methods. This cross-sectional study included a total of 1031 subjects from the coastal areas of China. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and linear trend test, Pearson's correlation analysis, as well as multivariate linear ...
Adler Alma J - - 2013
This is an update of a Cochrane review of the effects of dietary advice, including low sodium salt substition, to reduce salt intake on mortality and cardiovascular events. 1. To assess the long term effects of interventions aimed at reducing dietary salt on mortality and cardiovascular morbidity.2. To investigate whether ...
Glasser Stephen P - - 2013
Increased attention has been given to pulse pressure (PP) as a potential independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We examined the relationship between the three indices of blood pressure consisting of systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and PP (= SBP - DBP), respectively, and incident acute ...
Salles Gil F - - 2013
The prognostic importance of tight clinic blood pressure (BP) control is controversial in diabetic patients. The objective was to investigate the prognostic impact of clinic and ambulatory BPs for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes. In a prospective cohort study, 565 type 2 diabetic patients had clinical, laboratory ...
Kwakernaak Arjan J - - 2013
Sodium restriction potentiates the efficacy of the rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS)-blockade and improves long-term cardiovascular and renal protection, even independent of the better blood pressure control. The mechanisms underlying the potentiation of cardiorenal protection by sodium restriction are incompletely understood. RAAS-blockade with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors increases circulating levels of the ...
Shibata Dean - - 2013
Stroke is elevated in people of black African descent, but evidence for excess subclinical cerebrovascular disease is conflicting, and the role of risk factors in determining any ethnic differences observed unexplored. We compared prevalence of brain infarcts, and severe white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) on cerebral MRI, in a community-based sample ...
Celi Leo A - - 2013
Although magnesium is important in the biology of blood pressure regulation, little clinical data exist on the association of hypermagnesemia and blood pressure. We examined the association of hypermagnesemia and SBP in a cross-sectional study of 10 521 ICU patients from a single tertiary care medical center, 6% of whom had ...
Magliano Erika Silva - - 2013
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the world and are responsible for a high number of disability-adjusted life years. Elevated blood pressure is an independent, linear and continuous risk factor for cardiovascular disease and has also been reported in the young population. Brazil is a country of ...
Petersen Laura A LA Health Policy and Quality Program, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2013
Pay for performance is intended to align incentives to promote high-quality care, but results have been contradictory. To test the effect of explicit financial incentives to reward guideline-recommended hypertension care. Cluster randomized trial of 12 Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics with 5 performance periods and a 12-month washout that enrolled 83 ...
Salvi Erika - - 2013
A case-control study revealed association between hypertension and rs3918226 in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene promoter (minor/major allele, T/C allele). We aimed at substantiating these preliminary findings by target sequencing, cell experiments, and a population study. We sequenced the 140-kb genomic area encompassing the eNOS gene. In HeLa ...
Jayalath Viranda H - - 2013
Current guidelines recommend diet and lifestyle modifications for primary prevention and treatment of hypertension, but do not encourage dietary pulses specifically for lowering blood pressure (BP). To quantify the effect of dietary pulse interventions on BP and provide evidence for their inclusion in dietary guidelines, a systematic review and meta-analysis ...
Ye Yicong - - 2013
Objective: The meta-analysis aimed to demonstrate the relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and blood pressure (BP).Methods: A systematic search of databases (MEDLINE and EMBASE) was performed to identify all the related cross-sectional studies and baseline data in prospective cohort studies in the general population. Weighted mean differences (WMD) of systolic ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2013
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), the prevalence of hypertension is very high, escalating with diminishing renal function. Typically, the diagnosis of hypertension and the clinical decisions regarding its treatment are based on daytime clinic blood pressure (BP) measurements. However, the correlation between BP level and target organ damage, cardiovascular risk ...
Otsuka Toshiaki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the predictive value of serum cystatin C (CysC) and that of creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFRCreat) for the risk of incident hypertension in a middle-aged male population. Serum CysC levels were measured in 904 nonhypertensive, Japanese male subjects (mean age = ...
Fukutomi Motoki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of direct renin inhibitor, aliskiren, and amlodipine combination therapy with those of high-dose amlodipine monotherapy on endothelial function in elderly hypertensive patients. Participants included 105 patients (mean age 77 years) who had receive 5mg amlodipine for 4 weeks. Patients were ...
Shi Lijie - - 2013
Low salt intake and high fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) have been shown to reduce blood pressure (BP) in adults. Longitudinal data on the independent effect of both FVI and salt intake on BP in healthy normotensive children are not available yet. In the present study, we aimed to characterise ...
Chow Clara K CK Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences and McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2013
Hypertension is the most important preventable cause of morbidity and mortality globally, yet there are relatively few data collected using standardized methods. To examine hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in participants at baseline in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study. A cross-sectional study of 153,996 adults (complete data ...
Mezue Kenechukwu - - 2013
Developing countries face a dual challenge of both communicable and non-communicable disease - 80% of deaths from cardiovascular disease occur in low and middle-income countries. Hypertension ranks highest as an attributable cause of mortality in both developed and developing countries. The prevalence of hypertension is rising rapidly in Nigeria, from ...
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