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Senan Mahavir M National Institute of Govt, Kolkata, India; Yerevan State Medical University after M. Heratsi, - - 2014
The aim of the article was to study the relation between socioeconomic factors and mortality from CVS diseases. The study was performed among 346 native Indians (260 males and 86 females), aged 41-54 years and employed by the Civil Service. The study was carried out during 7 years. At 24 ...
Ringoir L L Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Centre of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases (CoRPS), Tilburg University, PO Box: 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, the - - 2014
Recent guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention advocate the importance of psychological risk factors, as they contribute to the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. However, most previous research on psychological distress and cardiovascular factors has focused on selected populations with cardiovascular disease. The primary aim was to determine the prevalence of ...
Ko Seung-Hyun SH Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
We investigated the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control rate of hypertension in Korean adults with diabetes using nationally representative data. Using data of 5,105 adults from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2011 (4,389 nondiabetes mellitus [non-DM]), 242 newly diagnosed with DM (new-DM), and 474 previously ...
Onakpoya I I Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many different dietary supplements are currently marketed for the management of hypertension, but the evidence for effectiveness is mixed. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence for or against the effectiveness of green tea (Camellia sinensis) on blood pressure and lipid parameters. Electronic searches were conducted ...
Hoshide Satoshi S Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, - - 2014
Several guidelines recommend that home blood pressure (HBP) be measured both in the morning and in the evening. However, there have been fewer reports about the clinical significance of morning HBP than about the clinical significance of evening HBP. Our study included 4,310 patients recruited for the Japan Morning Surge ...
Cheng Hao-Min HM Department of Medical Education, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Oscillometric central blood pressure (CBP) monitors have emerged as a new technology for blood pressure (BP) measurements. With a newly proposed diagnostic threshold for CBP, we investigated the diagnostic performance of a novel CBP monitor. We recruited a consecutive series of 138 subjects (aged 30-93 years) without previous use of ...
Aribisala Benjamin S BS Division of Neuroimaging Sciences, Brain Research Imaging - - 2014
White matter hyperintensities (WMH) are associated with hypertension. We examined interactions among blood pressure (BP), internal carotid artery (ICA) flow velocity parameters, and WMH. We obtained BP measurements from 694 community-dwelling subjects at mean ages 69.6 (±0.8) years and again at 72.6 (±0.7) years, plus brain MRI and ICA ultrasound ...
Lopes Liane M LM Laboratory of Neuromechanics, Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS, - - 2014
Previous studies suggested that skin stimulation by using medical tape glued to the skin over the Achilles tendon can improve postural control in young adults. Such strategy can be valuable if helping to improve postural control in the elderly. Here we tested the effects of skin stimulation on the postural ...
Frontoni S S Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata - AFAR, Fatebenefratelli Hospital, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and essential hypertension are often associated, and retrospective data analyses suggest an association between lower blood pressure (BP) values and lower cardiovascular (CV) risk in patients with T2DM. However, the most recent intervention trials fail to demonstrate a further CV risk reduction, for BP levels ...
Fonseca Vivian A VA Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To quantify the effect of liraglutide on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and pulse in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), and assess the influence of covariates on observed SBP reductions. A patient-level pooled analysis of six phase 3, randomized trials was conducted. The analysis included 2792 randomized patients. In the ...
Annweiler Cédric C Department of Geriatric Medicine, Angers University Hospital; UPRES EA4638, University of Angers, UNAM, France; Robarts Research Institute, the University of Western Ontario, London, ON, - - 2014
Orthostatic hypotension, a condition that mostly affects 'oldest-old' (i.e. ≥80 years) adults, is primarily explained by age-related dysfunction of blood pressure control. Vitamin D may contribute to blood pressure control. The aim of this study was to determine whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with orthostatic hypotension in oldest-old adults. ...
Jaleta Gari Negeri - - 2014
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor in patients with essential hypertension. The main objective of this study was to assess the echocardiographic prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with hypertension, its risk factors and effect of antihypertensive drugs on its prevalence. A hospital based cross ...
Salles Gil F GF Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
A blunted nocturnal blood pressure (BP) fall is a marker of worse cardiovascular outcomes, and autonomic imbalance may be involved. The objective was to evaluate the associations between the nocturnal BP fall and heart rate variability (HRV) parameters in resistant hypertension. In a cross-sectional analysis, 424 resistant hypertensive patients performed ...
Omboni Stefano S Italian Institute of Telemedicine, Via Colombera 29, 21048, Solbiate Arno (Varese), Italy, - - 2014
Hypertension is a frequent condition among individuals over 65 years of age worldwide and is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) disease. Effective drug treatment of elderly hypertensives is usually associated with a marked reduction in CV morbidity and mortality. Among the different classes of antihypertensive agents, ...
Takase H H Department of Internal Medicine, Enshu Hospital, Hamamatsu, - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that uric acid levels predict new-onset hypertension in the Japanese general population. Normotensive individuals who visited our hospital for a yearly health checkup (n=8157, men=61.0% and age=50.7±12.2 years) were enrolled in the present study. After baseline evaluation, participants were followed up for a median of 48.3 ...
Duboz P P UMR 7268 ADèS, Aix-Marseille Université/EFS/CNRS, Faculté de Médecine Secteur Nord, Boulevard Pierre Dramard, Marseille, - - 2014
The prediction of risk profile trends associated with non-communicable diseases in developing countries is among the greatest global health challenges. The aim of this study is to estimate prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Dakar (Senegal). This study was carried out between January and June 2009 on a ...
Bardell E West D EW School of Veterinary Science, Leahurst Campus, University of Liverpool, Neston, CH64 - - 2014
A prospective study to evaluate agreement and precision of a new point-of-care portable analyser, the EPOC analyser, compared with the i-STAT analyser in canine blood. Blood samples (68 venous and 32 arterial) were obtained from 63 client-owned dogs for clinical reasons and surplus blood was used to analyse agreement between ...
Gür Mustafa M Department of Cardiology, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital , Adana , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Even a slight decrease in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Arterial stiffness, left ventricular hypertrophy and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which are particularly common in end-stage renal disease. We aimed to evaluate the ...
Angell Sonia Y SY At the time of the study, Sonia Y. Angell, Stella Yi, Christine J. Curtis, and Lynn D. Silver were with the Bureau of Chronic Disease Prevention; Donna Eisenhower, Bonnie D. Kerker, and Katherine Bartley were with the Bureau of Epidemiology Services; and Thomas A. Farley was with the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, - - 2014
Objectives. We estimated sodium intake, which is associated with elevated blood pressure, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and assessed its association with related variables among New York City adults. Methods. In 2010 we conducted a cross-sectional, population-based survey of 1656 adults, the Heart Follow-Up Study, that collected self-reported ...
Rifkin Dena E DE Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of California-San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
Although variations in plasma renin activity (PRA) and aldosterone have been examined in whites and blacks, the association of these hormones with blood pressure in multiethnic populations has not been described. We measured PRA and aldosterone in 1,021 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis not taking antihypertensives and examined ...
Lambert Elisabeth A EA Human Neurotransmitters Laboratory, Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
An exaggerated morning surge in blood pressure (BP) closely relates to target organ damage and cardiovascular risk, but whether the causative mechanism involves greater reactivity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is unknown. We determined whether the response of the SNS to a cold pressor test predicted the BP morning ...
Dang Stefan S Research Group Bioinformatics, Center of Medical Biotechnology and Faculty of Biology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, 45117, - - 2014
HIV-1 evolves strongly and undergoes geographic differentiation as it spreads in diverse host populations around the world. For instance, distinct genomic backgrounds can be observed between the pandemic subtype B, prevalent in Europe and North-America, and its offspring clade B' in East Asia. Here we ask whether this differentiation affects ...
Stergiou George S GS Hypertension Center, Third University Department of Medicine, Sotiria Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Home blood pressure monitoring is useful in detecting white-coat and masked hypertension and is recommended for patients with suspected or treated hypertension. The prognostic significance of white-coat and masked hypertension detected by home measurement was investigated in 6458 participants from 5 populations enrolled in the International Database of HOme blood ...
Chen Jinfeng J Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, - - 2014
Fibrillin-1 (FBN1) was reported to have impact on the physiological arterial stiffness and vascular remodeling with hypertension of recent years. In the previous study we reported the association of four functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of FBN1 gene and hypertension. Here, we further investigate the association of four tagging SNPs ...
Shimoji Keigo K Department of Radiology, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry Hospital, Kodaira, Tokyo, 187-8551, Japan, - - 2014
Hypertension is associated with substantial morbidity in Japan. The aim of this work was to evaluate whether hypertension is associated with white matter microstructural changes by using diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI). We explored the regional patterns of white matter alteration in 15 hypertensive middle-aged male participants and 11 normotensive controls ...
Lind P Monica PM Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University, Ulleråkersvägen 40, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dioxin given to experimental animals increase the blood pressure. We therefore investigated if circulating levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) were related to hypertension in a population-based sample of men and women. One thousand and sixteen subjects aged 70 years were investigated in the Prospective Investigation ...
Choi Suk-Won SW Division of Cardiology, Hallym University, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hwaseong, Republic of - - 2014
There are limited data about characteristics of hypertension subtypes in Asian hypertensive patients and their impacts on treatment of hypertension. This prospective, multi-center, observational study evaluated 2439 hypertensive patients. (≥60 years) Inadequately controlled and drug-naïve patients were categorized into three hypertension subtypes (isolated systolic hypertension [ISH], combined systolic/diastolic hypertension [SDH], and ...
Rebellato Andrea A Department of Medicine-DIMED, Clinica Medica 3, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, 35128, Padua, - - 2014
Cushing's syndrome is associated with high cardiovascular morbility and mortality. Blood pressure (BP) variability within a 24-h period is increasingly recognized as an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. The aim of our study was to investigate the short-term BP variability indices in Cushing's syndrome. Twenty-five patients with Cushing's syndrome (mean ...
Regnault Nolwenn N Obesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA, USA, MRC Epidemiology Unit, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK, Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA and Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2014
In children being taller is associated with higher blood pressure (BP), but few studies have divided height into its components: trunk and leg length. We examined the associations of total height, trunk length and leg length with systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP) and pulse pressure (PP) at early childhood ...
de la Sierra A A Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Mutua Terrassa, University of Barcelona, Terrassa, - - 2014
Sympathetic nervous system has an important role in resistant hypertension. Heart rate (HR) is a marker of sympathetic activity, but its association with resistant hypertension has not been assessed. We aimed to evaluate differences in HR values and variability between resistant and controlled patients and between true and white-coat resistant ...
Kobalava Zhanna Z Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to establish the proportion of patients with stable angina and arterial hypertension on beta-blocker (BB) treatment reaching target resting heart rates (RHR) of 55-60 beats per min in clinical cardiology and general practice in Russia. Secondary objectives included the association between ...
Alsaleh Aseel A Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division, School of Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2014
Blood pressure is a heritable determinant of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Recent genome-wide association studies have identified several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with blood pressure, including rs1378942 in the c-Src tyrosine kinase (CSK) gene. Fish oil supplementation provides inconsistent protection from CVD, which may reflect genetic variation. We investigated the ...
Rodrigues Sérgio Lamêgo SL Department of Physiological Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, 29042-755 Vitória, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of dietary potassium on the sodium effect on blood pressure (BP) in the general population and the adherence of current recommendations for sodium and potassium intake. An overnight (12-hour) urine sample was collected in a population-based study to investigate cardiovascular ...
Wei Fang-Fei FF Center for Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials and Center for Vascular Evaluations, Shanghai Key Lab of Hypertension, Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Whether target organ damage is associated with blood pressure (BP) variability independent of level remains debated. We assessed these associations from 10-minute beat-to-beat, 24-hour ambulatory, and 7-day home BP recordings in 256 untreated subjects referred to a hypertension clinic. BP variability indices were variability independent of the mean, maximum-minimum difference, ...
Shouk Reem R Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide with hypertension being a major contributing factor to cardiovascular disease-associated mortality. On a population level, non-pharmacological approaches, such as alternative/complementary medicine, including phytochemicals, have the potential to ameliorate cardiovascular risk factors, including high blood pressure. Several epidemiological studies suggest an antihypertensive ...
Stoner Lee L School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Wellington, New - - 2014
Pulse wave analysis (PWA) has emerged as a noninvasive, valid, reliable, and widely used technique to investigate central blood pressures and systemic arterial wave reflection (augmentation index). The gold-standard technique is tonometry, but this technique can be challenging, especially when used on children. The purpose of this study was to ...
Salazar Martin R MR Hospital Universitario San Martín, La Plata, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
The significance in terms of the cardiovascular outcome of different patterns of blood pressure (BP) response to community-based activities has not been previously studied. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between changes of BP observed during a community-based program and long-term rate of cardiovascular disease (CVD) ...
Colussi Gianluca G Clinica Medica, Hypertension Unit, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medical Science, University of Udine, Udine, - - 2014
Studies on fish oil effects on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) are inconclusive. We evaluated fish effects on fatty acid composition of red blood cell (RBC) membrane and ABP values and tested the hypothesis that the starting membrane fatty acid composition affects the ability to incorporate additional polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) ...
Rosenwasser Rebecca F RF Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research, College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Elevated central systolic blood pressure (BP) increases the risk of cardiovascular events and appears superior to peripheral BP for long term risk prediction. The objective of this study was to identify demographic and clinical factors associated with central pressures in patients with uncomplicated hypertension. We prospectively examined peripheral BP, central ...
Lim Wai-Yee WY aSaw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore and National University Health System bKK Women's and Children's Hospital cYong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System dDepartment of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System eDepartment of Paediatrics, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System fSingapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science and Technology Research (A'STAR) gMedicine Dean's Office, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore hMedical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton iNIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK jLiggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand *Seang-Mei Saw and An Pan contributed equally to the writing of this - - 2014
Greater maternal adiposity is a potentially modifiable risk factor for elevated blood pressure during pregnancy; however, the association has been little studied in Asian populations, and no study has evaluated potential differences in the adiposity-blood pressure relation between ethnic groups or interaction with gestational diabetes. We performed a cross-sectional evaluation ...
Arbique Debbie D UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Internal Medicine, Cardiology Division: Hypertension Section, Dallas, - - 2014
The burden of orthostatic hypotension (OH) on public health is a universally recognized enigmatic clinical condition that is associated with significant increases on morbidity and mortality rates, and can take a major toll on one's quality of life. Orthostatic hypotension is predictive of vascular deaths from acute myocardial infarction, strokes ...
Hänninen M-Ra MR Population Studies Unit, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Turku, - - 2014
The association between masked hypertension and metabolic syndrome (MS) or insulin resistance is unclear. We investigated an untreated nationwide population sample (n=1582, age 44-74 years). Duplicate office blood pressure (BP) measurements were taken on one visit and duplicate morning and evening home measurements were taken for 7 days. Masked hypertension ...
Yücel Kamile K Center of Blood Konya Education and Research Hospital; Konya-Turkey. - - 2014
Masked hypertension is a clinical condition, the importance of which is agreed in recent years and which is characterized by increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity and is thought to be important endothelial dysfunction in the pathophysiology. Plasma total homocysteine levels are accepted as a major independent biomarker for endothelial dysfunction ...
Flack John M JM Division of Translational Research and Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA, - - 2014
African Americans have a higher burden of hypertension, more severe blood pressure (BP) elevations, more concurrent risk-enhancing co-morbidities (e.g., diabetes), sub-clinical vascular injury at lower non-hypertensive BP levels, lower BP control rates, and significantly greater risk for adverse pressure-related clinical complications (e.g., stroke, heart failure) than whites. Randomized prospective data ...
Hart E C J EC School of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom; - - 2014
Sex and age have important influences on sympathetic neural control of blood pressure in humans. Young women are relatively protected against risk of hypertension due to greater peripheral vasodilator influences compared with young men and older people. This protective effect is lost at menopause. Older men and women have higher ...
Anderson James W JW Professor Emeritus, Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY. - - 2014
Objective: To compare effects of raisin snacks with conventional snacks on glycemia and cardiovascular risk factors. Materials and Methods: A 12-week, randomized, controlled trial compared 3-times-a-day consumption of raisins with intake of processed snacks on glycemia and cardiovascular risk factors. Men and women were randomized to snacks (n = 15) ...
Streby Henry M HM Minnesota Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology, University of Minnesota, , 200 Hodson Hall, St Paul, MN 55108, USA, US Geological Survey, Minnesota Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Minnesota, , 200 Hodson Hall, St Paul, MN 55108, USA, Department of Environmental Science Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, , 130 Mulford Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2014
When opposing evolutionary selection pressures act on a behavioural trait, the result is often stabilizing selection for an intermediate optimal phenotype, with deviations from the predicted optimum attributed to tracking a moving target, development of behavioural syndromes or shifts in riskiness over an individual's lifetime. We investigated nest-site choice by ...
Dolezsar Cynthia M CM Department of Psychology, Concordia - - 2014
Objective: Discrimination is posited to underlie racial disparities in hypertension. Extant literature suggests a possible association between racial discrimination and blood pressure, although inconsistent findings have been reported. The aim of this comprehensive systematic review was to quantitatively evaluate the association between perceived racial discrimination with hypertensive status and systolic, ...
Murai Shunsuke S Department of Cardio-Renal Medicine and Hypertension, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, - - 2014
Kidney function and cardiovascular disease are closely connected and albuminuria is a proven marker of cardiovascular risk. The present study investigated the prevalence and characteristics of albuminuria in patients with hypertension. Outpatients with essential hypertension under medical treatment were enrolled in this study (n = 350, 70.0 ± 11.4 years ...
Asayama Kei K Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium ; Tohoku University Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sendai, - - 2014
The Global Burden of Diseases Study 2010 reported that hypertension is worldwide the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease, causing 9.4 million deaths annually. We examined to what extent self-measurement of home blood pressure (HBP) refines risk stratification across increasing categories of conventional blood pressure (CBP). This meta-analysis included 5,008 ...
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