Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 3645
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Park Jae-Hyeong - - 2013
Reverse dipper, blood pressure (BP) rises during night-time, is a risk factor of increased cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients. However, we have little information whether reverse dipper in acute stage of cerebral infarction (CI) affects on the recurrence and mortality. We studied to assess the relationship between reverse dipper and ...
Chan Q - - 2013
Inverse associations have been reported of overall vegetable intake to blood pressure (BP); whether such relations prevail for both raw and cooked vegetables has not been examined. Here we report cross-sectional associations of vegetable intakes with BP for 2195 Americans ages 40-59 in the International Study of Macro/Micronutrients and Blood ...
Shaw Brett H - - 2013
Falls are devastating events and are the largest contributor towards injury-related hospitalization of older adults. Orthostatic hypotension (OH) represents an intrinsic risk factor for falls in older adults. OH refers to a significant decrease in blood pressure upon assuming an upright posture. Declines in blood pressure can reduce cerebral perfusion; ...
Delgado Luis Carlos - - 2013
This study analyzes differences in blood pressure (BP) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in relation to trait worry. Thirty-six high worry and 21 low worry females were selected from scores on the Penn State Worry Questionnaire. Cardiovascular parameters were obtained during rest, a self-induced worry period, and defense reflex to intense ...
O'Flynn Claire C CC Department of Meat Technology, Teagasc Food Research Centre, Ashtown, Dublin 15, - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of high pressure (HP) treatment of pork meat before manufacturing sausages with reduced salt levels and compared them to sausages manufactured with untreated meat (control sausages). A 2×5 factorial design was set up incorporating two pressure levels (0 or 150MPa) and five salt levels (0.5, ...
Shu Wang W The Cardiovascular Medical Department of the General Hospital of Chinese People of Liberation Army, Fu Xin Road Number 28, Beijing 100853, - - 2014
In our previous study, we had shown that high diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was positively related to well-developed coronary collateral circulation (CCC). This study sought to find out the more precise relationship between DBP and CCC. To investigate this, we conducted a study of 671 patients with single chronic total ...
Euteneuer Frank - - 2013
Objective: Living in adverse neighborhood conditions has been linked with greater prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to learn whether perceived neighborhood problems are related to attenuated nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipping, a risk factor for CVD morbidity. Method: A sample of 133 adults (71 male, 62 female; 80 ...
Lerch Michael T MT Jules Stein Eye Institute and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA - - 2013
Excited states of proteins may play important roles in function, yet are difficult to study spectroscopically because of their sparse population. High hydrostatic pressure increases the equilibrium population of excited states, enabling their characterization [Akasaka K (2003) Biochemistry 42:10875-85]. High-pressure site-directed spin-labeling EPR (SDSL-EPR) was developed recently to map the ...
Glasser Stephen P - - 2013
Alterations in cardiovascular structure and function have been shown to precede the finding of elevated blood pressure. This study is part of the Hypertension Genetic Epidemiologic Network (HyperGEN) in which genetic and environmental determinants of hypertension were investigated in 5 geographical field centers. All nonhypertensive offspring (n = 1,035) were ...
Johansson Jouni K - - 2013
The objective of this study was to elucidate the usefulness of both the oscillometric blood pressure (OBP) and auscultatory blood pressure (ABP) measurement technique in the assessment of blood pressure (BP) and target organ damage in the general population. We studied a sample of the Finnish adult population aged 25-74 ...
Agrawal Ritesh - - 2013
Prospective studies comparing the efficacy of selective versus nonselective alpha blockers for preoperative preparation of pheochromocytoma (PCC) are lacking. In this prospective nonrandomized study, we compared the outcome of preoperative preparation with phenoxybenzamine (PBZ) and prazosin (PRZ) in terms of perioperative hemodynamic alterations. The study was conducted at a tertiary ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2013
Little is known regarding the clinical course and prognosis of resistant hypertension (RHT). We evaluated predictors of persistent RHT and the associated cardiovascular risk. We studied 1911 treated hypertensive patients (aged 59±11 years, 49% men) for a mean period of 3.9 years. At baseline, clinical data were collected and patients ...
Nuwaha Fred - - 2013
Persons with a systolic blood pressure (BP) of 120 to < 140 or diastolic BP of 80 to < 90 mm hg are classified as having pre-hypertension. Pre-hypertension is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, incident CVD and CVD mortality. Understanding determinants of pre-hypertension especially in low income countries ...
Abad-Pérez Daniel - - 2013
Isolated systolic hypertension is a highly prevalent disease among the elderly. The little available evidence on the efficacy of nitrates for treating the disease is based on small experimental studies.Methods/design: We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, phase III, placebo-controlled trial in 154 patients aged over 65 years with refractory isolated ...
van Middendorp Deborah - - 2013
Globally, about 350.000 women die every year from pregnancy related causes and more than half of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Approximately 12% of the maternal deaths are associated with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy such as pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH). However, very little is known about PIH and ...
Mehta Amar J - - 2013
We investigated associations between short-term exposure to air pollution and central augmentation index and augmentation pressure, correlates of arterial stiffness, in a cohort of elderly men in the Boston, Massachusetts, metropolitan area. This longitudinal analysis included 370 participants from the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study with up to 2 visits ...
Karpinos Ashley Rowatt - - 2013
<0.001) and final (19.2% versus 10.2%; P=0.001) years of athletic participation. In adjusted analyses, the odds of hypertension were higher among football athletes in the initial year (adjusted odds ratio, 2.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.21-4.30) but not in the final year (adjusted odds ratio, 1.25; 95% confidence interval, 0.69-2.28). Over ...
Harrell John W - - 2013
Poor cerebrovascular function in metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) likely contributes to elevated risk of cerebrovascular disease in this growing clinical population. Younger MetSyn adults without clinical evidence of cerebrovascular disease exhibit preserved hypercapnic vasodilation yet markedly impaired hypoxic vasodilation, but the mechanisms behind reduced hypoxic vasodilation are unknown. Based on data ...
Qi Yue - - 2013
The replication of genome-wide significant association signals in independent populations is a practical approach for characterizing gene-disease relationships. Therefore, we sought to explore the top 10 polymorphisms from a large blood pressure genome-wide association study of northeastern Han Chinese East Asians. This was a hospital-based study involving 1009 patients with ...
Shao Li - - 2013
Obestatin, encoded by the same gene as ghrelin, was first described as a physiological opponent of ghrelin. The association between circulating obestatin levels and blood pressure remains unclear. Furthermore, adequate information is non-existent regarding the older male population with hypertension. For this purpose, we enrolled 185 unrelated hypertensive male patients ...
Pal Gopal Krushna - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . Assessment of short-term practice of relaxation therapy on autonomic and cardiovascular functions in first-year medical students. Design . Case-control, interventional study. Setting . Medical college laboratory. Subjects . Sixty-seven medical students, divided into two groups: study group (n = 35) and control group (n = 32). Intervention ...
Wenk H-R - - 2013
Transition metals Ti, Zr, and Hf have a hexagonal close-packed structure (α) at ambient conditions, but undergo phase transformations with increasing temperature and pressure. Of particular significance is the high-pressure hexagonal ω phase which is brittle compared to the α phase. There has been a long debate about transformation mechanisms ...
Malard Lucile - - 2013
The Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme-2 (ACE2) gene, located on chromosome X, is believed to be implicated in blood pressure regulation. However the few studies that have examined this association have yielded mixed results. The objective of this study was to assess the association between tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the angiotensin-converting ...
Becker Amy M AM Division of Nephrology, Dallas, - - 2014
Kidney disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA). The factors that affect progression of renal disease are unknown, especially in children and adolescents. Alterations in blood pressure, including hypertension and lack of the normal nocturnal dip in blood pressure, are important ...
Rahimi Kazem - - 2013
The development of effective pharmacological strategies for lowering blood pressure was one of medical science's major success stories of the 20(th) century. Blood pressure was proven beyond doubt to be causally and continuously related to future risk of cardiovascular events,(1) and lowering blood pressure was proven to reduce that risk.(2-4) ...
Yi Stella - - 2013
Characterization of health conditions in recent immigrant subgroups, including foreign-born whites and Asians, is limited but important for identifying emerging health disparities. Hypertension, a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, has been shown to be associated with acculturation, but the acculturative experience varies for different racial/ethnic groups. Assessing the ...
Trudu Matteo M Dulbecco Telethon Institute, Division of Genetics and Cell Biology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, - - 2013
Hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are complex traits representing major global health problems. Multiple genome-wide association studies have identified common variants in the promoter of the UMOD gene, which encodes uromodulin, the major protein secreted in normal urine, that cause independent susceptibility to CKD and hypertension. Despite compelling genetic ...
Ujunwa Fortune A - - 2013
Hypertension is a prevalent cardiovascular disease risk factor among blacks and adolescent hypertension can progress into adulthood. To determine the prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension among secondary school adolescents in Enugu South East Nigeria.Methodology: A study of 2694 adolescents aged 10-18 years in Enugu metropolis was carried out . Socio-demographic ...
Dluholucký Svetozár S The Slovak Medical University in Bratislava, Faculty of Health, Banská Bystrica, Slovakia. - - 2013
The broad spectrum of extraosseal functions of vitamin D has recently been investigated. Although majority of recent studies have documented its hypotensive effect, some older studies warrant the risk of development the juvenile hypertension namely after pulse-fortified D vitamin supplementation during infancy. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Turchi F F Division of Endocrinology, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ospedali Riuniti "Umberto I-G.M. Lancisi-G.Salesi", Via Conca 71, Ancona 60126, Italy; Department of Diabetology and Endocrinology, Asur Marche Area Vasta 1, S. Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Urbino, - - 2013
Primary aldosteronism (PA), the most frequent form of secondary hypertension, is characterized by a higher rate of cardiovascular (CV) events than essential hypertension (EH). Aim of the study was to evaluate the cardiovascular risk according to the ESH/ESC 2007 guidelines, in patients with PA and with EH, at diagnosis and ...
Fuchs Sandra C - - 2013
The available, albeit rare, evidence indicates the superiority of home- over office blood pressure monitoring (HBPM vs OBP) to predict cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. We performed a systematic review to update the efficacy of HBPM vs OBP as predictors of all-cause mortality, CV death, and target organ damage. Two reviewers independently ...
Lovic Dragan - - 2013
Arterial hypertension (AH) is the most common cardiovascular disease risk factor, affecting between 30 and 50% of the adult population in developed countries. A steady increase of the prevalence of AH by about 60% is expected by year 2025. Serbian Society of Hypertension conducted a prevalence study from February to ...
Jickling Glen C - - 2013
Physicians, patients, and families rely on clinical factors associated with stroke mortality to guide decisions of care and set goals of medical therapy. However, these factors, including age and baseline neurologic impairment, are at best imperfect predictors and additional prognostic tools are needed.(1) Biomarkers such as B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) ...
Rahma Muayad S - - 2013
Several epidemiologic studies have reported that exposure to noise is associated with cardiovascular disease. The increased body weight is often associated with metabolic as well as increased blood pressure. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the elevation of blood pressure and serum leptin hormones due ...
Zhu Ding-Liang - - 2013
Hypertension is an important issue in Asia, responsible for up to 66% of cardiovascular disease cases. This randomized controlled trial subgroup analysis compared telmisartan 80 mg (T80)/hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg (H25) singlepill combination with T80 monotherapy, specifically in Chinese and Korean patients. Patients with grade 2/3 hypertension were randomized to receive ...
Howard-Thompson Amanda - - 2013
Only 23% of patients are meeting all goals for cardiovascular complications of diabetes. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the effect of a pharmacist-physician collaboration on attainment of cardiovascular-related goals in patients with type 2 diabetes. This prospective, multicenter cohort enrolled patients from 7 practice sites that were ...
Fan Li-Chi - - 2013
Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is one of the major manifestations of systemic atherosclerosis and plays an important role in low-extremity amputation in type 2 diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and risk factors for asymptomatic PAD in type 2 diabetic community residents. Methods: ...
Britton John Robert JR Centre for Conservation Ecology and Environmental Science, School of Applied Sciences, Bournemouth University, Poole BH12 5BB, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Ecological theory on biological invasions attempts to characterize the predictors of invasion success and the relative importance of the different drivers of population establishment. An outstanding question is how propagule pressure determines the probability of population establishment, where propagule pressure is the number of individuals of a species introduced into ...
Zuijdwijk Caroline C Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ottawa, - - 2013
The diagnosis of hypertension is often unrecognized in the general paediatric and type 1 diabetes populations. Reference to a simple blood pressure table has been proposed as a screening tool for the identification of abnormal paediatric blood pressure. This simple table lists one cut-off blood pressure value for each sex ...
Moreno Gerardo G Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common chronic conditions in older adults and is often accompanied by comorbidities and geriatric syndromes. The management of cardiovascular disease risk factors in older adults with DM is important to clinicians. The literature was reviewed from 2002 to 2012 to ...
Pöss Janine - - 2013
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with hypertension; however, it is unclear whether vitamin D influences therapeutic blood pressure reduction. Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) reduces blood pressure in resistant hypertension. We hypothesized that vitamin D might influence blood pressure response to RDN. Vitamin D was measured in 101 patients with resistant ...
Arguedas Jose Agustin - - 2013
When treating elevated blood pressure (BP), doctors often want to know what blood pressure target they should try to achieve. The standard blood pressure target in clinical practice for some time has been less than 140 - 160/90 - 100 mmHg for the general population of people with elevated blood ...
Anyaegbu Elizabeth I EI Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Driscoll Children's Hospital, College of Medicine, Texas A&M University, 3533 South Alameda Street, Corpus Christi, TX 78411, - - 2014
Over the last two decades, essential hypertension has become common in adolescents, yet remains under-diagnosed in absence of symptoms. Diagnosis is based on normative percentiles that factor in age, sex and height. Evaluation is more similar to adult essential hypertension than childhood secondary hypertension. Modifiable risk factors such as obesity, ...
Kwon Hyuk Sung - - 2013
White matter lesions (WMLs) are a common finding in stroke patients, and the most important risk factors are old age and hypertension. Although many studies have described the association between WMLs and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) parameters in healthy subjects and hypertensive patients, little is known about the association ...
Ma Wenjun - - 2013
The rate of resistant hypertension in China is unknown. This is an analysis of resistant hypertension based on Hypertension Optimal Treatment Study in China. The study was conducted in 148 cities in mainland China from April 2001 to February 2002, which included 54 590 hypertensive patients (≥18 years of age), and ...
Peng Yongde - - 2013
This expert consensus proposed by the Chinese Society of Endocrinology (CSE) updates concepts on hypertension management in patients with diabetes. It focuses on clinical outcomes literature just published and in press within the last 5 years and incorporates these new observations into modifications of established guidelines. The complications and mortality ...
Yang Qiang - - 2013
Abstract Hypertension is considered as a chronic and complex disease relating to multiple systemic systems. Apart from lowering blood pressure, the final purpose of the treatment lies in reducing the variability of blood pressure and other risk factors. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history of treating hypertension. This ...
He Jiang - - 2013
-Blood pressure (BP) responses to dietary sodium and potassium intervention and cold pressor test (CPT) vary considerably among individuals. We aimed to identify novel genetic variants influencing individuals' BP responses to dietary intervention and CPT. -We conducted a genome-wide association study of BP responses in 1,881 Han Chinese and de ...
Tse Lurdes - - 2013
Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are associated with significant comorbid metabolic abnormalities. Adjunct medications may be prescribed to treat these metabolic side effects, but the evidence supporting this practice (especially for the management of antipsychotic-associated dyslipidemia and hypertension) is limited. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effects of adjunct ...
Moura Rafaela do Socorro Souza E Silva - - 2013
In patients with systemic hypertension, microalbuminuria is a marker of endothelial damage and is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. To determine the factors that may lead to the occurrence of microalbuminuria in hypertensive patients with serum creatinine lower than 1.5 mg/dL. This cross-sectional study included 133 Brazilians ...
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