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Results 301 - 350 of 3935
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Shema-Didi Lilach - - 2014
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality among hemodialysis (HD) patients. It has been attributed, among other causes, to hypertension and dyslipidemia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a year-long consumption of Pomegranate juice (PJ), on two traditional ...
Ference Brian A BA Divisions of Translational Research and Clinical Epidemiology and Cardiovascular Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, and Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI; and Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann - - 2014
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) rises approximately linearly with age in most societies. The cause of this rise is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that SBP is causally associated with the rate of rise in SBP with age by evaluating the effect of 12 polymorphisms associated with lower SBP on the ...
Niiranen Teemu J TJ aPopulation Studies Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Turku bPopulation Health Research Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, - - 2014
The overall cardiovascular prognosis of isolated systolic hypertension, isolated diastolic hypertension and pulse pressure defined with home blood pressure (BP) measurements remains unclear. A prospective nationwide study was initiated in 2000-2001 on 1924 randomly selected participants aged 44-74 years. We determined home and office BP at baseline and classified the ...
Chowdhury Enayet K EK aCentre of Cardiovascular Research and Education in Therapeutics, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne bDepartment of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Flinders University, Adelaide cMenzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Hobart, - - 2014
In hypertensive persons aged 60 years or below, visit-to-visit SBP variability is directly associated with cardiovascular events, especially stroke. It is unclear whether such a relationship exists for older persons. We investigated whether there is a relationship between visit-to-visit SBP variability and cardiovascular events in an elderly population, and identified ...
Sung Jidong J Department of Psychiatry, Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University School of Medicine, 9 Mareunnae-ro, Jung-gu, Seoul 100-032, Korea. - - 2014
Purpose: Blood pressure variability (BPV) is emerging as an important cardiovascular prognostic factor in addition to average blood pressure level. While there have been some suggestions for the determinants of the blood pressure variability, little is known about the relationship between the blood pressure variability and health-related quality of life ...
Lee Myung Ha MH Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea. - - 2014
Purpose: A number of longitudinal studies have tracked blood pressure over time in children and adults. Although there are a few blood pressure tracking studies for Asian populations, they are all relatively short-term studies with around only 10 years of follow-up. Accordingly, we assessed the stability of blood pressure tracking ...
Hong Jin-Quan JQ Department of Anesthesia, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, - - 2014
To compare the diagnostic accuracy of stroke volume variation (SVV) and pulse pressure variation (PPV) in studies that examined both parameters in the same patient population. Literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Google Scholar. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were examined, and summary ROC curves were plotted. ...
Cao Huijun H Department of Cardiology, Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, - - 2014
Blood pressure variability (BPV) is a reliable prognostic factor for cardiovascular events. Currently there is a worldwide lack of large sample size studies in visit-to-visit BPV. Based on the Kailuan Study, we analyzed the visit-to-visit BPV of patients to investigate the range and influencing factors of BPV. In 11 hospitals ...
Marinković Mirjana - - 2014
World Health Organization (WHO) studies on the global level have shown that one of the major problems of the public health is hypertension. Blood pressure level greater than 140/90 mmHg is directly and predictively linked to other cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this research was to determine the prevalence of ...
Pal Gopal Krushna GK Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, - - 2014
Specific nostril breathing is known to influence autonomic functions. The study was to assess the effects of right nostril breathing (RNB) and left nostril breathing (LNB) on heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiovascular functions. Eighty-five student volunteers were divided into three groups: RNB group (n = 30), LNB group (n ...
Rafee Laleh L Applied Physiology Research Centre, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) are a multi-factorial traits and significantly heritable. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzyme is involved in detoxification of reactive oxygen species. The present study aimed at finding out the association between GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in Iranian population. ...
Hajizadeh Niloofar N Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Resistant hypertension in adolescents is increasing in frequency and is increasingly recognized as having significant short- and long-term health consequences. It may be seen in up to 30% of all hypertensive patients cared for. Adolescents with resistant hypertension are at higher cardiovascular (CV) risk due to a long history of ...
Gooding Holly C HC Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA, - - 2014
Young adults are less likely than older adults to be aware they have hypertension or to be treated for hypertension. To describe rates of hypertension awareness and control in a cohort of young adults and understand the impact of health insurance, utilization of preventive care, and self-perception of health on ...
Fang L L Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, - - 2014
Hypertension is considered to be the leading risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and accounts for a large proportion of premature deaths in China. An empirical understanding of the pattern of disease burden, such as reliable information about the trend and prevalence of hypertension, is essential in developing effective prevention and ...
Adler Carolin C aDepartment of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute bDZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research), Berlin, - - 2014
Oscillometric blood pressure (BP) measurement devices frequently replace the standard mercury sphygmomanometer. Comparisons of oscillometric devices are rare, but their agreement is important to ensure comparability of BP data. This study aims to compare two oscillometric devices, Datascope Accutorr Plus and Omron HEM-705CP II, and to develop BP conversion models. ...
Onofriescu Mihai M Nephrology Department, "Dr. C.I. Parhon" University Hospital, University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Gr. T. Popa", Iasi, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic subclinical volume overload happens very frequently in hemodialysis patients and is associated directly with hypertension, increased arterial stiffness, left ventricular hypertrophy, and ultimately higher mortality. Randomized controlled parallel-group trial. 131 patients from one hemodialysis center, randomly assigned into 2 groups. Dry weight prescription using results derived from repeated 3-month ...
Lynn Anthony A Food and Nutrition Group, Sheffield Business School, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, S1 1WB, UK, - - 2014
Tart cherries are a particularly rich source of anthocyanins. Evidence indicates that dietary intake of anthocyanins is inversely associated with arterial stiffness. We conducted an open-label randomised placebo controlled study to determine whether a tart cherry juice concentrate (Cherry Active®) reduced arterial stiffness, inflammation and risk markers for cardiovascular disease ...
Baena Cristina P CP aDepartment of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands bPontifical University of Paraná, School of Medicine, Curitiba, Brazil cDepartment of Cardiology dDepartment of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, The Netherlands eDepartment of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia fDepartment of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK *Both authors contributed equally to this - - 2014
Despite the overwhelming evidence supporting the effectiveness of antihypertensive medication, hypertension remains poorly controlled in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Lifestyle intervention studies reporting effects on blood pressure published from January 1977 to September 2012 were searched on various databases. From the 6211 references identified, 52 were included in the ...
Brown Samuel M SM Pulmonary and Critical Care, Intermountain Medical Center, Murray, UT, - - 2014
To determine whether variability of coarsely sampled heart rate and blood pressure early in the course of severe sepsis and septic shock predicts successful resuscitation, defined as vasopressor independence at 24 hours after admission. In an observational study of patients admitted with severe sepsis or septic shock from 2009 to ...
Nilsen R R Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, PO Box 5003, N-1432 Aas, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epidemiological and clinical studies have shown that angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibiting peptides derived from dairy products may decrease blood pressure. These peptides have been identified in many cheeses, and Gamalost, a traditional Norwegian cheese, is particularly rich in these peptides. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine whether frequency ...
Burla Michael J MJ Department of Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA; College of Osteopathic Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The role of antihypertensive therapy in reducing the risk of cardiovascular complications such as heart failure is well established, but the effects of different blood pressure goals on patient-perceived health status has not been well defined. We sought to determine if adverse effects on perceived health status will occur with ...
Schutte Aletta Elisabeth AE Hypertension in Africa Research - - 2014
Conflicting evidence exists on the relationship between blood pressure (BP) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). We reviewed available articles and pooled extrapolated regression coefficients for the association between BP and total IGF-1 as reported in the literature and included additional data from 912 individuals from the general population. We identified ...
Pan Shuo S aDepartment of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University bXinjiang Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease Research, Urumqi, People's Republic of China cDivision of Laboratory Medicine, Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan *S.P. and C.-H.H. contribute equally to the writing of the - - 2014
The present study examined the association between uric acid levels and high blood pressure in a multiethnic study of Chinese children and adolescents. The participants were divided into four different groups according to the uric acid quartiles. Three logistic regression models were conducted to investigate the relationship between the high ...
Westrick Salisa C - - 2014
OBJECTIVES To describe sodium-related knowledge and self-reported behaviors in adults with hypertension and assess the association between knowledge and behaviors and blood pressure levels in this population. METHODS Using convenience sampling of patients with hypertension, an oral cross-sectional survey was administered by student pharmacists in 45 community pharmacies in Alabama ...
Yao C S CS Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese Army General Hospital, Beijing, China - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the association between pulse pressure and a novel type of phospholipid with solubility similar to that of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), designated as AP, which was reported to be elevated during ischemia. In this cross-sectional study, 416 hypertensive patients and 252 controls aged ...
Eguchi K K Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that multiple clinic blood pressure (BP) readings over an extended baseline period would be as predictive as ambulatory BP (ABP) for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Clinic and ABP monitoring were performed in 457 hypertensive patients at baseline. Clinic BP was measured monthly and the means of the ...
Stergiou George S GS Hypertension Center, STRIDE Hellas-7, Third Department of Medicine, University of Athens, Sotiria Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Accumulating evidence suggests that day-by-day blood pressure (BP) variability assessed using self-measurements by patients at home (HBPV) provides useful information beyond that of average home BP. This systematic review summarizes the current evidence on day-by-day HBPV. A systematic literature search (PubMed) revealed 22 eligible articles. Independent prognostic value of day-by-day ...
Sincer Isa I Department of Cardiology, Gaziantep State Hospital , Gaziantep , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Background: Serum uric acid (UA) level is associated with prognosis in cardiovascular disorders such as sustained hypertension, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney diseases. Increased UA levels in sustained hypertension may reflect early renal vascular alterations. However, it remains unclear if serum UA is associated with endothelial dysfunction in masked ...
Tragante Vinicius V Department of Cardiology, Division Heart and Lungs, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3584 CX Utrecht, the Netherlands; Department of Medical Genetics, Biomedical Genetics, University Medical Center Utrecht, 3584 CX Utrecht, the - - 2014
Blood pressure (BP) is a heritable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. To investigate genetic associations with systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and pulse pressure (PP), we genotyped ~50,000 SNPs in up to 87,736 individuals of European ancestry and combined these in a meta-analysis. We replicated ...
Sriram Neeraj N University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham, - - 2014
Recent studies have reported a strong association between blood pressure (BP) and resting energy expenditure (REE). However, it is not known whether this relationship persists over time. Therefore, the authors examined the temporal relationship between REE and systolic BP. In addition, the impact of sympathetic tone and anthropometric variables on ...
Berglund Danielle D Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2014
Low birthweight is linked to hypertension, chronic kidney disease and even end-stage renal disease. We hypothesized that living kidney donors born with lower birthweight may be at increased risk of hypertension, albuminuria, or reduced GFR beyond what is typical following uninephrectomy. Two hundred fifty-seven living kidney donors who donated at ...
Moss Robert R 1Duke - - 2014
We have developed a whole-kidney model of the urine concentrating mechanism and renal autoregulation. The model represents the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) and myogenic mechanisms, which together affect the resistance of the afferent arteriole and thus glomerular filtration rate. TGF is activated by fluctuations in macula densa [Cl(-)] and myogenic mechanism ...
Gao Ying Y State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Cardiology, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
The genetic susceptibility to orthostatic blood pressure dysregulation remains poorly understood. The association between polymorphisms of beta-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) genes and orthostatic blood pressure dysregulation in hypertensive patients was investigated. Two polymorphisms of β1 -AR (Arg389/Gly) and β2 -AR (Arg16/Gly) were genotyped in untreated hypertensive patients and normotensive patients. In ...
Inamasu Joji J Departments of aNeurocritical Care bNeurosurgery, Fujita Health University Hospital, Toyoake, - - 2014
High blood pressure (HBP) is observed frequently in patients with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (SICH). Although HBP at admission has been associated with poor outcomes, most studies from which such conclusions were derived had been carried out decades earlier, when aggressive BP management was not implemented. In our institution, SICH patients ...
Erlkamp M M TU Dortmund University, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Physical Chemistry I - Biophysical Chemistry, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany. - - 2014
FT-IR spectroscopic, small-angle X-ray scattering and calorimetric measurements have been applied to explore the effect of the macromolecular crowder agent Ficoll on the temperature- and pressure-dependent stability diagram and folding reaction of the protein Staphylococcal Nuclease (SNase). Additionally, we compare the experimental data with approximate theoretical predictions. We found that ...
Laucevičius Aleksandras A Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Vilnius University , - - 2014
Hypertension is the most common non-communicable disease and the leading cause of cardiovascular disease in the world. It presents an important public health challenge in both economically developed and developing countries. In 2006, the Lithuanian High Cardiovascular Risk programme was launched. The programme recruited men aged 40-54 and women aged ...
Li Yan Y Center for Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials, Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Shanghai Key Lab of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Experts proposed blood pressure (BP) load derived from 24-hour ambulatory BP recordings as a more accurate predictor of outcome than level, in particular in normotensive people. We analyzed 8711 subjects (mean age, 54.8 years; 47.0% women) randomly recruited from 10 populations. We expressed BP load as percentage (%) of systolic/diastolic ...
Tudor-Locke Catrine - - 2014
Pedometer-based programs have elicited increased walking behaviors associated with improvements in blood pressure in sedentary/low active postmenopausal women, a population at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Such programs typically encourage increasing the volume of physical activity with little regard for its intensity. Recent advances in commercially available pedometer technology now ...
Studer Joseph J Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, Av. Beaumont 21 bis, Pavillon 2, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Peer pressure (PP) has been shown to play a major role in the development and continuation of alcohol use and misuse. To date, almost all the studies investigating the association of PP with alcohol use only considered the PP for misconduct but largely ignored other aspects of PP, such as ...
Wang Ji-Guang JG Centre for Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials, The Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blood pressure (BP) is monitored and managed to prevent cardiovascular complications of hypertension, but BP variability (BPV) has not been sufficiently studied. This analysis assessed whether patients receiving amlodipine vs other antihypertensive agents had lower BPV after ≥12 weeks of treatment. Studies were included if individual subject data were available, had ...
Patel Milesh M - - 2014
High blood pressure is a major cardiovascular disease risk factor and contributed to >362,895 deaths in the United States during 2010. Approximately 67 million persons in the United States have high blood pressure, and only half of those have their condition under control. An estimated 46,000 deaths could be avoided ...
Pusuroglu Hamdi H Department of Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Center, Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul/TURKEY. - - 2014
Isolated systolic hypertension (ISHT) is a subtype of hypertension (HT) that often exhibits wide pulse pressure, and pulse pressure has a strong predictive value for future adverse cardiovascular events. Previous studies have shown the effects of : leukocyte count on prognosis of ischemic heart disease and HT. Thus, in this ...
Rana Brinda K BK Department of Psychiatry, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, California, - - 2014
Elevated blood pressure (BP), a heritable risk factor for many age-related disorders, is commonly investigated in population and genetic studies, but antihypertensive use can confound study results. Routine methods to adjust for antihypertensives may not sufficiently account for newer treatment protocols (i.e., combination or multiple drug therapy) found in contemporary ...
Brown Todd M TM Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Electronic address: - - 2014
In a non-clinical trial setting, to determine the proportion of individuals with coronary artery disease (CAD) with optimal risk factor levels based on the Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive DruG Evaluation (COURAGE) trial. In COURAGE, the addition of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to optimal medical therapy did not reduce ...
Rommel Nathalie N *KU Leuven, Neurosciences, ExpORL, Faculty of Medicine, Leuven, Belgium †University Hospital Leuven, Neurogastroenterology & Motility Clinic, Department of Gastroenterology, Leuven, Belgium ‡KU Leuven, Translational Research Centre for Gastrointestinal Disease (TARGID), Belgium §University Hospital Leuven, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition, Leuven, Belgium ||University Hospital Leuven, Radiology, Leuven, Belgium ¶Child, Youth & Women's Health Service, Gastroenterology Unit, North Adelaide, SA, Australia #University of Adelaide, School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Adelaide, SA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to apply a new method, pharyngeal automated impedance manometry (AIM), as an objective assessment tool of swallow function relevant to aspiration, in a cohort of pediatric patients with dysphagia. We studied 20 children (mean age 6 yrs (5months-13.4yrs)) referred for videofluoroscopy to assess aspiration ...
Foraster Maria M Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL); CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP); and Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la Salut (UPF), Barcelona, - - 2014
Long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution may increase blood pressure (BP) and induce hypertension; however evidence is limited and this association may be confounded by traffic noise, and biased due to inappropriate control for BP-lowering medications. We evaluated the association between long-term traffic-related air pollution, BP and prevalent hypertension, adjusting ...
Qian Shaowen S Department of Medical Imaging, Jinan Military General Hospital, Shandong, People's Republic of - - 2014
Environmental hyperthermia is a very common risk factor for many occupations, however, its potential influences on cerebral circulation remain obscure. In this study, 20 participants underwent two simulated environmental thermal conditions (50°C/25°C, 1hour), and their cerebral blood flows (CBFs) were quantified using a pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (ASL) MR imaging. ...
Manning Lisa L Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK; NIHR Biomedical Research Unit in Cardiovascular Disease, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
High blood pressure is a prognostic factor for acute stroke, but blood pressure variability might also independently predict outcome. We assessed the prognostic value of blood pressure variability in participants of INTERACT2, an open-label randomised controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT00716079). INTERACT2 enrolled 2839 adults with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) and ...
Huntington-Moskos Luz L College of Nursing, Clean Indoor Air Partnership, University of Kentucky, 751 Rose Street, 447 College of Nursing Building, Lexington, KY, 40536-0232, USA, - - 2014
The pathogenesis of hypertension begins in youth. An estimated 4 % of US adolescents have diagnosed hypertension and 17 % have elevated blood pressures, predisposing them to hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD) later in life. There is limited research on the clustering of CVD risk factors such as tobacco exposure and weight ...
Welsh Tomas J - - 2014
Hypertension is very common in older people and a number of trials of antihypertensives have demonstrated benefit from treatment in even the oldest old. However, people with dementia were significantly under-represented in these studies and as a population are more likely to be physically frail, to suffer orthostatic hypotension and ...
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