Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3644
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Dolezsar Cynthia M CM Department of Psychology, Concordia - - 2014
Objective: Discrimination is posited to underlie racial disparities in hypertension. Extant literature suggests a possible association between racial discrimination and blood pressure, although inconsistent findings have been reported. The aim of this comprehensive systematic review was to quantitatively evaluate the association between perceived racial discrimination with hypertensive status and systolic, ...
Murai Shunsuke S Department of Cardio-Renal Medicine and Hypertension, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, - - 2014
Kidney function and cardiovascular disease are closely connected and albuminuria is a proven marker of cardiovascular risk. The present study investigated the prevalence and characteristics of albuminuria in patients with hypertension. Outpatients with essential hypertension under medical treatment were enrolled in this study (n = 350, 70.0 ± 11.4 years ...
Asayama Kei K Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium ; Tohoku University Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sendai, - - 2014
The Global Burden of Diseases Study 2010 reported that hypertension is worldwide the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease, causing 9.4 million deaths annually. We examined to what extent self-measurement of home blood pressure (HBP) refines risk stratification across increasing categories of conventional blood pressure (CBP). This meta-analysis included 5,008 ...
Nascimento Dahan da Cunha Dda C Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil ; Department of Physical Education, University Center Euro American University Center, Brasilia, Brazil ; Strength Training and Health Research Group (GEPEEFS), Brasilia, - - 2014
Hypertension is the most prevalent modifiable risk factor with a high prevalence among older adults. Exercise is a nonpharmacological treatment shown to benefit all patients with hypertension. This study examined the effects of a 14-week moderate intensity resistance training program (RT) on the maintenance of blood pressure and hand grip ...
Xiao Wenkai W Department of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) acts synergistically with hypertension to exert a multiplicative effect on cardiovascular diseases risk. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between tHcy concentration and blood pressure, and to evaluate the role of plasma tHcy in arterial stiffness and wave reflection in hypertension. ...
Selvarajah Viknesh V Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Department of Nephrology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Systolic blood pressure variability is an independent risk factor for mortality and cardiovascular events. Standard measures of blood pressure predict outcome poorly in haemodialysis patients. We investigated whether systolic blood pressure variability was associated with mortality in incident haemodialysis patients. We performed a longitudinal observational study of patients commencing haemodialysis ...
Sun Zhaoqing Z Division of Cardiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, P.R. - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the differences in the incidence of hypertension and associated risk factors between Mongolian and Han populations in northeast China. A population-based sample of 4753 Mongolian subjects and 20,247 Han subjects aged ≥35 years and free from hypertension at baseline were followed from 2004-2006 to ...
Petrella Robert J RJ Department of Family Medicine and Cardiology, Lawson Health Research Institute, University of Western Ontario, ON, - - 2014
The Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) has identified blood pressure (BP) control as a key target for an overall reduction in cardiovascular disease risk. The POWER survey (Physicians' Observational Work on Patient Education According to their Vascular Risk) used Framingham methodology to investigate the impact of an angiotensin-receptor-blocker-based regimen on ...
Maric-Bilkan Christine C Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, - - 2014
Arterial blood pressure levels and the prevalence of hypertension are generally lower in premenopausal women compared with age-matched men. The lower blood pressure levels in premenopausal women are associated with a lower risk of the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. In contrast, menopause, a state characterized by a physiologic ...
Slade Alexander N AN a University of Illinois at - - 2014
Dietary modification has been shown to substantially reduce blood pressure among people with hypertension. This article uses data from the 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 cross-sections of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine the extent to which a hypertension diagnosis can influence individuals' dietary choices. Several models were ...
Geiger Sarah Dee SD Department of Public Health, Northern Illinois University, School of Nursing and Health Studies, DeKalb, - - 2014
Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are perfluoroalkyl chemicals (PFCs) used in the manufacture of common consumer products and detected in the blood of the majority of Americans. Emerging biological data suggest that PFC exposure may have a role in ...
Liang J Q JQ Department of Cell Biology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Human cytochrome P450 4A11 (CYP4A11) plays a role in the regulation of blood pressure through the conversion of arachidonic acid into 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE). We therefore investigated the association between a CYP4A11 polymorphism (rs9333025) with hypertension in the Mongolian and Han ethnic groups. We studied 514 Mongolians in a pastoral ...
Bonsa Feyie F Department of Internal Medicine, Jimma University, - - 2014
Hypertension is the leading cause of death in the world and is the commonest cause for outpatient visits to physicians. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among adults in Bedele Town, South-west Ethiopia. A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted by ...
Grazuleviciene Regina R Department of Environmental Science, Vytautas Magnus University, K. Donelaicio G. 58, Kaunas, LT-44248, Lithuania. - - 2014
This study investigated the effect of proximity to city parks on blood pressure categories during the first trimester of pregnancy. This cross-sectional study included 3,416 female residents of the city of Kaunas, Lithuania, who were enrolled in the FP7 PHENOTYPE project study. The women were classified into four blood pressure ...
Joyner JaNae - - 2014
This study evaluates patient inertia (PtInert) factors including hopelessness in African Americans participating in church cardiovascular screening programs in low income areas in Forsyth County, North Carolina. Patient inertia is defined as an inability to assume adequate hypertension self-management behaviors, leading to poorly controlled hypertension. Previous findings revealed hopelessness related ...
Satoh Michihiro M Department of Pharmacy, Tohoku University Hospital , Sendai , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Based on ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring, the aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) has been reported to be associated with a diminished nocturnal decline in BP, generally referred to as a "non-dipping" pattern. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between ARR and the non-dipping pattern based ...
Sakaki Minako M Division of Hypertension - - 2014
Abstract Although salt restriction is very important for the management of blood pressure (BP), it is difficult to maintain low salt intake in hypertensive patients. The purpose of the present study is to investigate comparatively the characteristics of hypertensive patients with good or poor compliance to long-term salt restriction. Subjects ...
Qvist Ina I Department of Medicine, Diagnostic Centre, University Research Clinic for Innovative Patient Pathways, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Silkeborg, - - 2014
In general, it is assumed that patient education, by increasing knowledge, may change behavior and lifestyle and promote health. In this context, it is a surprise that knowledge and awareness about blood pressure and hypertension among elderly people is poor. We hypothesized that knowledge about blood pressure and hypertension would ...
Isobe Takehito T Research Division, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., - - 2014
Anti-angiogenic drugs that target Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) signaling pathways caused hypertension as an adverse effect in clinical studies. Since the hypertension may limit the benefit provided for patients, the demand for non-clinical research that predicts the clinical risk of the hypertension has risen greatly. To clarify whether non-clinical ...
Therrien J F - - 2014
Predation has been suggested to be especially important in simple food webs and less productive ecosystems such as the arctic tundra, but very few data are available to evaluate this hypothesis. We examined the hypothesis that avian predators could drive the population dynamics of two cyclic lemming species in the ...
Clark Cari Jo CJ Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America; Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America; Program in Health Disparities Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of - - 2014
Intimate partner violence has adverse health consequences, but little is known about its association with hypertension. This study investigates sex differences in the relationship between intimate partner violence and blood pressure outcomes. Data included 9,699 participants from waves 3 (2001-02) and 4 (2008-09) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent ...
Liang Xiaohua X Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing, Chongqing International Science and Technology Cooperation Center for Child Development and Disorders, Children's Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Jiulongpo District, Chongqing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Non-communicable diseases are leading causes of disease burden in middle income countries. Little evidence exists to determine if the primary healthcare system can effectively manage non-communicable diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of hypertension and diabetes management by the primary healthcare system. We used individual ...
Ng Khai P KP Department of Renal Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2014
Arterial stiffness is increased in patients with CKD and is a powerful predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Use of the xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol has been shown to improve endothelial function, reduce left ventricular hypertrophy and possibly improve cardiovascular outcome. We explored the relationship between use of allopurinol and ...
Car Halina H Zakład Farmakologii Doświadczalnej, Uniwersytet Medyczny w - - 2014
Whey is a rich natural source of peptides and amino acids. It has been reported in numerous studies that biological active peptides isolated from cow's milk whey may affect blood pressure regulation. Studies on animals and humans have shown that α-lactalbumin and β-lactoglobulin obtained from enzymatically hydrolysed whey inhibit angiotensin ...
Ghosh Rajeshwary R 0000-0002-6576-4242 Sinha Institute of Medical Science and Technology, 288 Kendua Main Road, Garia 700 084, - - 2014
The effect of dermcidin isoform 2 (dermcidin), an environmentally induced stress protein, was investigated on the genesis of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, the two major atherosclerotic risk factors. The role of dermcidin as an atherosclerotic risk factor related to the impaired systemic insulin level was investigated. Dermcidin was prepared by ...
Kimura Shin-Ichiro S Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of - - 2014
Multiple regression analysis (MRA) and principal component analysis (PCA) have been used in the present study to examine the relationships between the operational conditions of a unique multi-functional rotor processor, material attributes such as water content during granulation, and a series of associated micromeritics, including the flowability, granule mean size ...
Panhwar Abdul Haleem - - 2014
The abnormal metabolism of metal ions plays an important role in health and disease conditions, and studies about them have been attracting significant interest. The aim of our study was to assess the essential minerals (calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), potassium (K), and sodium (Na)) in biological samples (scalp hair, blood, ...
Head Geoffrey A GA Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne and Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
We determined clinical predictors of the rate of rise (RoR) in blood pressure in the morning as well as a novel measure of the power of the BP surge (BPpower) derived from ambulatory blood pressure recordings. BPpower and RoR were calculated from 409 ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) recordings from subjects ...
Hoff Ingrid Elise IE 0000-0001-7001-9530 Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Holterveien 24, 1441 Drøbak, Norway ; Department of Anaesthesiology, Oslo University Hospital, P.O. Box 4956, Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, - - 2014
Background. Correct volume management is essential in patients with respiratory failure. We investigated the ability of respiratory variations in noninvasive pulse pressure (ΔPP), photoplethysmographic waveform amplitude (ΔPOP), and pleth variability index (PVI) to reflect hypovolemia during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation by inducing hypovolemia with progressive lower body negative pressure (LBNP). ...
Kim Geehee G Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, St Vincent's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, South - - 2014
Diastolic dysfunction is associated with increased arterial stiffness in patients with hypertension. However, the role of arterial stiffness in diastolic dysfunction in subjects without hypertension has not been fully established. A total of 287 subjects (male:female ratio 121:166, mean age 53.0±14.4 years) without hypertension or any heart disease who simultaneously ...
Jinghua Li L Department of Clinical Laboratory, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China - - 2014
Background The aim of our study was to evaluate the serum concentration of sialic acid (SA) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in prehypertensive patients and the possible correlations between these 2 factors with blood pressure in such patients. Material and Methods We studied 61 prehypertensive patients, 70 hypertensive patients, and ...
Jadhav Uday U MGM New Bombay Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Despite antihypertensive treatment, most hypertensive patients still have high blood pressure (BP), notably high systolic blood pressure (SBP). The EFFICIENT study examines the efficacy and acceptability of a single-pill combination of sustained-release (SR) indapamide, a thiazide-like diuretic, and amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker (CCB), in the management of hypertension. Patients ...
Cheung Tommy Tsang TT Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Department of Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
Hypertension is common in Asian populations and is a major cause of cardiovascular diseases. The prevalence of hypertension is increasing in many Asian countries. The overall prevalence of hypertension in India and the People's Republic of China has been estimated to be 20.6% in men and 22.6% in women. However, ...
Li Dong-Ze DZ Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, No. 137 Liyushan South Road, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830054, - - 2014
Background. Acupuncture is frequently advocated as an adjunct treatment for essential hypertension. The aim of this review was to assess its adjunct effectiveness in treating hypertension. Methods. We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and the Chinese databases Sino-Med, CNKI, WanFang, and VIP through November, 2012, for eligible randomized controlled ...
He Feng J FJ Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2014
To determine the relationship between the reduction in salt intake that occurred in England, and blood pressure (BP), as well as mortality from stroke and ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Analysis of the data from the Health Survey for England. England, 2003 N=9183, 2006 N=8762, 2008 N=8974 and 2011 N=4753, aged ...
Amorim Rosemary de Jesus Machado RD 1 Mother and Child, Federal University of Pernambuco , Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study assessed the influence of breastfeeding and nutritional status of full-term infants on blood pressure at school age. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study nested in a cohort of 375 infants recruited at birth between 1993 and 1994 in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. A ...
Zatu Mandlenkosi C MC aHypertension in Africa Research Team (HART) bCentre of Excellence for Nutrition cAfrica Unit for Transdisciplinary Health Research (AUTHeR), North-West University, Potchefstroom dDepartment of Physiology, University of Limpopo (Medunsa), Pretoria, South - - 2013
Despite criticism of self-reported alcohol intake, it is a valuable tool to screen for alcohol abuse as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We aimed to compare various self-reported estimates of alcohol use with γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and percentage carbohydrate deficient transferrin (%CDT) considering their relationship with blood pressure changes (%BP) ...
Tanner Rikki M RM University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2013
Studies suggest that treatment-resistant hypertension is common and increasing in prevalence among US adults. Although hypertension is a risk factor for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), few data are available for the association between treatment-resistant hypertension and ESRD risk. Prospective cohort study. We analyzed data from 9,974 REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic ...
Kunutsor Setor K SK Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB1 8RN, UK, - - 2013
High plasma levels of vitamin D are associated with a reduced risk of high blood pressure, but whether this association is causal remains to be ascertained. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials, to examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on both systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic ...
Tenderenda-Banasiuk Edyta E Department of Pediatrics and Nephrology, Medical University of Bialystok, 17 Waszyngton Street, 15-274, Bialystok, Poland, - - 2013
The prevalence of hypertension continues to rise in the pediatric population. In recent years, there has been an increasing amount of reports on serum arginine vasopressin and its derivative, copeptin, in blood pressure control, but its role is still unclear. The objective of this study was to assess serum copeptin ...
Karottki Dorina Gabriela - - 2013
Exposure to particulate air pollution increases respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, especially in elderly, possibly through inflammation and vascular dysfunction. We examined potential beneficial effects of indoor air filtration in the homes of elderly, including people taking vasoactive drugs.Forty-eight nonsmoking subjects (51 to 81 years) in 27 homes were ...
Ford Jodi L JL The Ohio State University College of Nursing, Columbus. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the longitudinal associations between exposure to violence with a weapon during the past year among adolescents and hypertension during adulthood, including the extent to which adult cardiovascular risk factors mediated the association. Secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, 1994-2008. The sample included 3555 male ...
Chrysant Steven G SG University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, - - 2013
There is a linear change in blood pressure (BP) with the advancement of age from predominantly diastolic BP (DBP) in the young to predominantly systolic BP (SBP) in the old. This change is caused by the stiffening of the large arteries and the loss of elastic recoil as a result ...
Ye Chenglin - - 2013
Hypertension is an important and modifiable cardiovascular risk factor that remains under-detected and under-treated, especially in the older individuals. Community-led interventions that integrate primary health care and local resources are promising approaches to improve awareness and management of hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors. We aimed to evaluate the effect ...
Kodama Satoru S Department of Health Management Center, Mito Kyodo General Hospital, Mito, Ibaraki, Japan; Department of Hematology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine, Niigata, Niigata, - - 2013
Results of epidemiologic studies that investigated the significance of pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in terms of risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with diabetes mellitus are inconsistent. We performed a quantitative meta-analysis to estimate CVD risk in relation to PP or MAP. Electronic literature search ...
Carl Daniel E DE Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Medicine, Richmond, VA, - - 2013
Post-paracentesis circulatory dysfunction (PPCD) is associated with development of hepatorenal syndrome and increased mortality. The impact of large volume paracentesis (LVP) on the 24-hr blood pressure profile is unknown, and the relationship to Na+ retentive and pro-inflammatory cytokines remains unknown. Aims: (1) To define the effects of LVP with albumin ...
Sikes Anita L AL CSIRO Animal, Food and Health Sciences, 39 Kessels Road, Coopers Plains, Queensland 4108, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Our aim was to achieve a single-step pressure-heat process that would produce tender, juicy beef steaks from meat that would otherwise be tough when cooked. Steak portions (25mm thick) from hind-quarter muscles were subjected to heat treatment at 60, 64, 68, 72 or 76°C for 20min, with or without simultaneous ...
Morotti Elena E Department of Gynecology and Pathophysiology of Human Reproduction, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
To verify if in lean polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients, the smok- ing habitude might increase the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. In this prospective observational study, eighty-one women were divided into the following three groups: group I with 27 non-smokers, group II with 26 light-smokers (1-10 cigarettes/day), and group ...
Jaubert Marie-Perrine MP Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New - - 2013
Although heavy alcohol consumption is associated with hypertension, the impact of lighter consumption on blood pressure (BP) is controversial. The protective effect of light alcohol consumption on cardiovascular disease described in previous studies could be, in part, mediated by effects of alcohol on BP. However, only a few studies investigating ...
Netchessova T A TA Republican Scientific Practical Center "Cardiology", R. Luxembourg str. 110, Minsk, Belarus, - - 2013
Hypertension and type 2 diabetes in combination are associated with a significantly higher level of cardiovascular events. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the antihypertensive efficacy and tolerability of single-pill perindopril/indapamide in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Patients with both hypertension and type 2 diabetes ...
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