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McNaughton Candace D CD Department of Emergency Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the association between low literacy and uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) and their associations with medication adherence. Cross-sectional study of 423 urban, primary care patients with hypertension and coronary disease. The relationship between low literacy (Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine≤44) and uncontrolled BP (≥140/90mmHg, ≥130/80mmHg for patients ...
Chuang S-Y SY Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli, - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important cardiovascular disease in the elderly. The association between hyperuricemia and AF is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the prospective relationship between uric acid and development of AF in a nationally representative cohort of elderly people. A total of 1485 elderly people (age ≥ 65 yrs) from ...
Tomiyama Hirofumi H Second Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
The effect of age on the augmentation index (AI) differs between young adults and the elderly, and the AI reaches a plateau after the age of 60 years. We examined whether the effects of age and an elevation in blood pressure on the AI differ between young adults and the ...
Macdonald-Wallis Corrie C MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit and School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom; and School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2014
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are associated with intrauterine growth restriction and preterm birth. However, the associations of patterns of blood pressure change during pregnancy with these outcomes have not been studied in detail. We studied repeat antenatal blood pressure measurements of 9697 women in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents ...
Sung Shih-Hsien SH Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
The effect of wave reflections on blood pressure change associated with posture remains unclear. We therefore applied a wave separation technique to investigate the relations of the backward pressure wave amplitude with orthostatic pressure changes and orthostatic hypotension (OH). We analyzed data from 613 subjects who had participated in our ...
Pillas Demetris D Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London, W2 1PG, UK, - - 2014
Evidence from animal models suggests that locomotion and blood pressure share common neurophysiological regulatory systems. As a result of this common regulation, we hypothesized that the development of locomotion in human infants would be associated with blood pressure levels in adulthood. The study sample comprised 4,347 individuals with measures of ...
Faramawi Mohammed F MF 1] Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA [2] Department of Public Health, National Liver Institute, Menoufiya University, Menoufiya, - - 2014
Epidemiological studies have shown that blood pressure is not a constant variable. Evidence has accumulated showing that the blood pressure variability is associated with organ damage. A substantial increase in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome has been documented globally. We examined the association of visit-to-visit blood pressure variability with ...
Papaioannou Theodore G TG Biomedical Engineering Unit, First Department of Cardiology, Hippokration Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 114 Vas Sophias ave., Athens, 115 28, Greece, - - 2014
Aortic stiffness, assessed by carotid-to-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), often fails to predict cardiovascular (CV) risk and mortality in the very elderly. This may be due to the non-linear association between PWV and compliance or to blood pressure decrease in the frailest subjects. Total arterial compliance (C T) is the ...
Te Morenga Lisa A LA Departments of Human Nutrition (LATM, AJH, RMJ, and JM) and Medicine (JM), the Riddet Institute (LATM, AJH, RMJ, and JM), and the Edgar National Centre for Diabetes and Obesity Research (LATM and JM), University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Dietary sugars have been suggested as a cause of obesity, several chronic diseases, and a range of cardiometabolic risk factors, but there is no convincing evidence of a causal relation between sugars and risk factors other than body weight. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials ...
Machin Daniel R DR Cardiovascular Aging Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, - - 2014
The high consumption of low-fat and nonfat dairy products is associated with reduced risk of high blood pressure. We aimed to investigate whether the solitary addition of nonfat dairy products to the normal routine diet was capable of lowering blood pressure in middle-aged and older adults with elevated blood pressure. ...
Seifert Michael E ME Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Southern Illinois University, Springfield, Ill., - - 2014
Background/Aims: Progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with worsening cardiovascular (CV) risk not explained by traditional risk factors. Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) is an important CV risk factor, but its progression has not been documented in early CKD. We explored whether progression of LVH in early CKD would ...
Gauthier Vincent V Departments of Clinical Studies and Pathology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, - - 2014
To compare the effects of administering equal volumes of isotonic crystalloids and synthetic colloids on hemodynamic and laboratory variables in healthy dogs and dogs with systemic inflammation. Randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded study. Comparative clinical research facility. Sixteen adult purpose-bred Beagles. Dogs were first randomized to receive either lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 5 μg/kg, ...
Kwankaew Jirateep J Divisions of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, - - 2014
To determine the relationship of apolipoprotein B (Apo-B) and arterial stiffness determined by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) subjects. Eighty-seven Thai SLE subjects with inactive disease activity were studied. Fasting blood was collected for creatinine, glucose, lipid profiles, Apo-B and Apo-A1. Pearson correlation and stepwise-linear ...
Christofaro Diego G D DG Laboratory of Investigation in Exercise - LIVE, Department of Physical Education, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Presidente Prudente, - - 2014
Although previous studies have analyzed the association between cardiovascular risk factors and blood pressure in adolescents, few studies conducted in developing countries analyzed whether the aggregation of risk factors contributes to an increased risk of high blood pressure in adolescents. The objective of this study was to assess the association ...
Polónia Jorge J aDepartment of Medicine and Cintesis, Faculty of Medicine, Porto University, Porto bHypertension Unit, Hospital Pedro Hispano EPE, ULS Matosinhos cDepartment of Cardiology, Hospital Infante D Pedro, EPE, Health School, Aveiro University, Aveiro, Portugal dDepartment of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) profile in never-treated black hypertensive patients living in Africa, Mozambique (20-80 years), versus never-treated white hypertensive patients living in Europe. ABP recordings of untreated black hypertensive patients and white hypertensive patients with 24-h ABP of 130/80 ...
Mohebi Reza R Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Recently, Joint National Committee has changed the optimal therapeutic goal of systolic blood pressure (SBP) up to 150 mm Hg for elderly population. We aimed to investigate impact of different blood pressure (BP) categories on risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality among elderly. The present study included 1845 participants, ...
Cramer Holger H Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendation for yoga as a therapeutic means in the management of prehypertension and hypertension. MEDLINE/Pubmed, Scopus, CENTRAL, and IndMED were screened through February 2014 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the ...
Abu-Saad Kathleen K Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit, Gertner Institute for Epidemiology and Health Policy Research, Ramat Gan, - - 2014
Population-based studies about factors associated with blood pressure (BP) levels and hypertension awareness and control are lacking in Israel. We aimed to identify covariables of BP level (across the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-7) categories) and hypertension ...
Liang Yajun Y School of Public Health, Jining Medical University, Shandong, China; Aging Research Center, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet-Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have shown an upward trend in the prevalence of hypertension, but data on trend of incidence of hypertension are lacking. We seek to investigate the trends in incidence of hypertension and control of incident hypertension among Chinese adults during 1991-1997 and 2004-2009. Within the China Health and Nutrition ...
Kelishadi Roya R Child Growth and Development Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to review the current corpus of human studies to determine the association of various doses and durations of fructose consumption on metabolic syndrome. We searched human studies in PubMed, Scopus, Ovid, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar databases. We searched for ...
Yamout Hala H Department of Medicine, American Society of Hypertension Comprehensive Hypertension Center, The University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes is the most common cause of CKD and ESRD in the United States and the Western world. Hypertension is prevalent in this cohort, and control of blood pressure is perhaps the most important risk factor to reduce CKD progression. The most recent blood pressure target recommended by ...
Symonides Bartosz B Department of Internal Medicine, Hypertension and Angiology, Medical University of Warsaw , Warsaw , - - 2014
The aim was to assess the control of negative emotions in treated patients with hypertension in comparison with normotensive individuals and to evaluate the association between suppression of negative emotions, control of blood pressure (BP) on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and blood pressure variability (BPV). We studied 195 patients ...
Dasgupta Kaberi K Divisions of General Internal Medicine, Clinical Epidemiology and Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, McGill University, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Herein, updated evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis, assessment, prevention, and treatment of hypertension in Canadian adults are detailed. For 2014, 3 existing recommendations were modified and 2 new recommendations were added. The following recommendations were modified: (1) the recommended sodium intake threshold was changed from ≤ 1500 mg (3.75 g ...
Lattanzi Simona S Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Neurological Clinic, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of our study was to evaluate whether blood pressure variability influences the rate of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Two hundred and forty AD patients were periodically evaluated for a 12-month period. The blood pressure (BP) status of each patient was defined through mean and coefficient of ...
Cois Annibale - - 2014
Epidemiological research has long observed a varying prevalence of hypertension across socioeconomic strata. However, patterns of association and underlying causal mechanisms are poorly understood in sub-Saharan Africa. Using education and income as indicators, we investigated the extent to which socioeconomic status is linked to blood pressure in the first wave ...
Wang Menghan M China University of Geosciences, State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, Wuhan 430074, P.R. - - 2014
Raman peaks of the asymmetric stretching vibration (ν3) and the asymmetric bending overtone (2ν2) of methane were studied at elevated pressures and temperatures, from 3 to 51 MPa and from 298.15 to 473.15 K. The peak intensity ratios of ν3 and 2ν2 were calculated, and the relationship among peak intensity ...
Vega Joshua J Department of Internal Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New - - 2014
Resistant hypertension is a relevant condition gaining special attention given its clinical and economic impact. Although the true prevalence is unknown, clinical trials and population-based studies have shown that it is a common clinical problem that likely will increase in incidence with an aging and more obese population. A complex ...
Greer Danice B DB Danice B. Greer, PhD, RN, BC Assistant Professor, College of Nursing & Health Sciences, The University of Texas at Tyler. Sharon K. Ostwald, PhD, RN, FGSA, FAHA Professor Emerita, School of Nursing, University of Texas at - - 2014
African American women are disproportionately affected with hypertension (HTN). The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week culturally tailored educational intervention for 60 African American women with HTN. Sixty African American women, 29 to 86 years old (mean ± SD, 57.98 ± 12.37 ...
Krzesiński Paweł P Department of Cardiology and Internal Diseases, Military Institute of Medicine , Warsaw , Poland - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of NT-proBNP with clinical and hemodynamic assessment in 156 patients with arterial hypertension. NT-proBNP correlated positively with, i.e. age (r = 0.310, p = 0.00008), mean blood pressure (MBP; r = 0.199, p = 0.0136), Heather index (HI; r = 0.375, p < 0.00001) and negatively with thoracic fluid content (TFC; ...
Ponjoan A A Research Unit, Family Medicine, Girona. Jordi Gol Institute for Primary Care Research (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Catalonia, Spain; Girona Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBGI), Dr. Trueta University Hospital, Catalonia, - - 2014
Blood pressure increases in cold periods, but its implications on prevalence of hypertension and on individual progression to hypertension remain unclear. Our aim was to develop a pre-screening test for identifying candidates to suffer hypertension only in cold months among non-hypertensive subjects. We included 95,277 subjects registered on a primary ...
Chen Wei Ren WR Department of South-Building Cardiology, PLA General Hospital at Beijing, Beijing 100853, - - 2014
Low vitamin D status has been shown to be associated with hypertension. We planned to research the effect of vitamin D and nifedipine in the treatment of patients with essential hypertension. Patients with grades I-II essential hypertension were enrolled in this single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Beijing. All patients received ...
Qin Xiaobo X Department of Electrocardiography, The People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning, - - 2014
This retrospective study aimed to investigate blood pressure variability (BPV), morning systolic blood pressure surge (MBPS), and the associated factors in 513 elderly (65 years and older) and 188 younger (younger than 65 years) hypertensive Chinese patients who had ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) at our hospital from January 1, 2002, to ...
Hsu Jeffrey J JJ Division of General Internal Medicine, San Francisco VA Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
Serum fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), yet the mechanisms remain uncertain. Our objective was to determine whether higher FGF-23 concentrations are associated with arterial stiffness. In this cross-sectional study, serum FGF-23 concentrations were measured in 5977 participants without known CVD in the Multi-Ethnic Study of ...
Pei Cuiying C State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun, China. - - 2014
A series of copolymerized porous organic frameworks (C-POFs) were synthesized with monomers of tetrakis(4-bromophenyl)methane and tris(4-bromophenyl)amine in different ratios by a Yamamoto-type Ullmann cross-coupling reaction. These C-POFs exhibit high physicochemical stability, large surface areas and excellent H2, CH4 and CO2 adsorption properties both at low and high pressures.
Krakoff Lawrence R LR Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, - - 2014
Six recently published guidelines for the management of hypertension are reviewed. Two of these focus on special populations, either the elderly or those with diabetes. Four of the guidelines are addressed to hypertension in general. Five of the guidelines are sponsored by American, European, or international organizations: the American Heart ...
Zandavi Seyed Hadi SH Thermodynamics and Kinetics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, 5 King's College Road, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G8, Canada. - - 2014
A procedure for determining the structure of vapour and gas adsorbates that is based on the Zeta adsorption isotherm is reported. For vapours and for gases, this isotherm supposes that an adsorbate consists of particle clusters with the number of particles in a cluster denoted ζ, where ζ can be ...
Pieters M M Centre of Excellence for Nutrition, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although both coagulation and fibrinolysis are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) the underlying nature and pathways of many of these associations are still unclear. Our aim was to determine which of the current or 5-year prior levels of total fibrinogen, fibrinogen γ', plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1act) and global fibrinolytic potential ...
Coats Andrew J S AJ Joint Academic Vice -President Monash University, Australia and University of Warwick, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Central obesity is closely linked to hypertension and type-2 diabetes (DM2) in young/middle-age. In the elderly, systolic hypertension is a reflection of aging/stiff arteries. Diastolic (±systolic) hypertension in young/middle-age is accompanied by increased sympathetic nerve activity, particularly in the presence of the metabolic syndrome or DM2. High beta-receptor density (Bmax) ...
Sayed Khaled K Cardiology Department, Al-Minya University Hospital, Al-Minya, - - 2014
Essential hypertension is an important risk factor for target organ damage. The brain is among the target organs infrequently visited. The authors evaluated whether an abnormal Mini-Mental Score Examination (MMSE) score predicts uncontrolled hypertension even if office blood pressure is normal. Seventy-seven hypertensive patients were included. The cognitive function of ...
Leisman Daniel D Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, New Hyde Park, - - 2014
Increased blood pressure variability (BPV) is correlated with adverse cardiovascular (CV) events in adults. However, there has been limited research on its effect in the pediatric population. Additionally, BPV differences between primary and secondary hypertension (HTN) are not known. Children with primary and secondary HTN underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure ...
Zhou Yuheng Y Guangdong Women and Children Hospital, 13 Guang Yuan Xi Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong province, 510010, People's Republic of - - 2014
Both hypertension and preeclampsia (PE) are considered as inflammatory diseases. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an inflammatory marker associated with lipid metabolism. We aimed to study the correlation and predictive value of Lp-PLA2 in postpartum hypertension after PE. A group of 160 PE patients (PE group) and a separate group ...
Chan Winnie W 1 Department of Nephrology & Kidney Transplantation, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. 2 School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. 3 Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. 4 School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom. 5 Division of Metabolic and Vascular Health, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom. 6 Centre for Translational Inflammation Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. 7 Address correspondence to: Richard Borrows, M.A., Department of Nephrology & Kidney Transplantation, Area 5, Level 7, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Mindelsohn Way, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2WB, United - - 2014
The prevalence and consequences of hypervolemia in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) have not been investigated. Specifically, its impact on blood pressure (BP) and relationship with N-terminal fragment of prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are unknown. The objectives of this study were to establish the prevalence of hypervolemia among clinically stable ...
Ragot Stéphanie S Inserm, CIC1402, 86000 Poitiers, France; CHU de Poitiers, centre d'investigation clinique, 86000 Poitiers, France; Université de Poitiers, CIC1402, 86000 Poitiers, France; Université de Poitiers, UFR médecine et pharmacie, 86000 Poitiers, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The rate of uncontrolled hypertensives aged >80 years is not well known. The available literature on this topic has used the threshold<140/90mmHg, whereas there is now a consensus for a different target: systolic blood pressure (SBP)<150mmHg. This prospective observational population-based study sought to assess the frequency and management of uncontrolled ...
Wang Jia-Wei JW Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, P.R. - - 2014
A wealth of evidence from animal experiments has indicated that hypertonic saline (HS) maybe a better choice for fluid resuscitation in traumatic hypovolemic shock in comparison with conventional isotonic saline. However, the results of several clinical trials raised controversies on the superiority of fluid resuscitation with HS. This meta-analysis was ...
Angeli F F Division of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Pathophysiology, University Hospital of Perugia, Perugia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aging leads to a multitude of changes in the cardiovascular system that include a rise in blood pressure. Age-related changes in blood pressure are mainly attributable to an increase in systolic blood pressure, generally associated with a slight decrease diastolic blood pressure. This leads to a widening in pulse pressure. ...
Boggia José J Unidad de Hipertensión Arterial, Centro de Nefrología, Hospital de Clínicas Dr Manuel Quintela, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, - - 2014
Hypertension is a frequent and modifiable cardiovascular risk factor with a cyclic relationship with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The diagnosis, treatment, monitoring and control of high blood pressure are all mandatory not only in CKD but also in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). As demonstrated by studies using population and hypertensive ...
Vicco Miguel Hernán MH Área de Clínica Médica, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional del Litoral , Santa Fe , - - 2014
Background. Chagas disease is a parasite infection caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. Its most common complications is chronic Chagas heart disease but impairments of the systemic vasculature also has been observed. Although the different mechanisms that regulate blood pressure are disrupted, to our knowledge data on the association of ...
Freedman David S DS Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, - - 2014
The relative importance of the fourth (K4) and fifth (K5) Korotkoff phases as the indicator of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels among children remains uncertain. In a sample of 11,525 youth aged 5-17, we examined interexaminer differences in these 2 phases and the relation of theses 2 phases to adult ...
Pedrosa Rodrigo P - - 2014
Perimenopause is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an emerging risk factor for cardiovascular disease particularly among men. However, the independent contribution of OSA to cardiovascular risk in climacteric women is not clear. We evaluated 277 consecutive women [age: 56(52-61) years; body mass index: 28(25-32) kg/m2], ...
Fanciulli Alessandra A Department of Neuroscience, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
A pathological nocturnal blood pressure (BP) profile, either non-dipping or reverse dipping, occurs in more than 50 % of subjects diagnosed with multiple system atrophy (MSA) or Parkinson's disease (PD). This may play a negative prognostic role in α-synucleinopathies, but, being mostly asymptomatic, remains largely underdiagnosed. In this proof-of-concept study, we ...
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