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Zhang Bing B Beijing Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Beijing, - - 2014
Combining drugs with complementary mechanisms of action may contribute to improved hypertension control in diabetic patients. Advanced glycation end-product (AGE) breakers, a new class of candidate drugs targeting aging-related cardiovascular dysfunction, may be useful as novel adjuvant agents to improve the efficacy of diabetic hypertension (DH) treatment. This study evaluated ...
Cheema Ejaz E Warwick Medical School, Gibbet Hill Campus, University of Warwick, Coventry, - - 2014
Hypertension is an important cause of morbidity and death, yet its control is poor in many patients with hypertension. Community pharmacists are an important resource for improving hypertension control. To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials concerned with the impact of community pharmacist-led interventions on blood ...
Kawamoto Ryuichi R 1] Department of Community Medicine, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime, Japan [2] Department of Internal Medicine, Seiyo Municipal Nomura Hospital, Ehime, - - 2014
Central blood pressure (BP) has been shown to strongly associate with cardiovascular disease and outcome. Recent studies have demonstrated a relationship between changes in body size by exercise training and peripheral BP; however, the effect on changes in central BP is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess ...
Albert Phebe P Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, - - 2014
This pilot study examined the effects of perfectionism on blood pressure (BP) in response to repeated exposure to mental arithmetic stressors. College students (N = 30) in a laboratory setting were administered a series of challenging mathematical tasks. BP was measured at baseline and after each task. Multilevel modelling analyses revealed that ...
Muntner Paul P Department of Epidemiology (PM), University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; Department of Medicine (CBB), Emory University, Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center (CBB) Atlanta, Georgia; and Department of Medicine (DS), Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
: The 2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults Report From the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) was recently published. This guideline recommended that older adults (≥60 years) without diabetes or chronic kidney disease with systolic blood pressure (SBP) ...
Ganesh Santhi K SK Departments of Internal Medicine and Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blood pressure (BP) is a heritable, quantitative trait with intraindividual variability and susceptibility to measurement error. Genetic studies of BP generally use single-visit measurements and thus cannot remove variability occurring over months or years. We leveraged the idea that averaging BP measured across time would improve phenotypic accuracy and thereby ...
Afridi Hassan Imran HI National Center of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, 76080, Pakistan, - - 2014
The abnormal metabolism of metal ions plays an important role in health and disease conditions; hence, the studies about them have received much interest. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between trace and toxic elements zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), selenium (Se), and mercury (Hg) in biological ...
Vimaleswaran Karani S KS Population, Policy and Practice, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK; Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition, Department of Food & Nutritional Sciences, School of Chemistry, Food & Pharmacy, University of Reading, Reading, - - 2014
Low plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentration is associated with high arterial blood pressure and hypertension risk, but whether this association is causal is unknown. We used a mendelian randomisation approach to test whether 25(OH)D concentration is causally associated with blood pressure and hypertension risk. In this mendelian randomisation study, we ...
Schilders Joyce E M JE Division of Pharmacology and Vascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Room EE1418b, Erasmus MC, Wytemaweg 80, 3015 CN, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Not all hypertensive patients respond well to ACE inhibition. Here we determined whether renin-angiotensin system (RAS) phenotyping, i.e., the measurement of renin or ACE, can predict the individual response to RAS blockade, either chronically (enalapril vs. enalapril + candesartan) or acutely (enalapril ± hydrochlorothiazide, HCT). Chronic enalapril + candesartan induced larger renin rises, but did not ...
Satoh Michihiro M Department of Pharmacy, Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Japan; - - 2014
In cross-sectional studies, the aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) has been reported to be associated with hypertension under conditions of higher sodium intake. The objective of this prospective study was to investigate the association between ARR and the development of hypertension in community residents stratified by dietary sodium intake. From the general ...
Weitzman Dahlia D From the Primary Care Division, Maccabi Healthcare Services, Tel Aviv, Israel (D.W., G.C., V.S.); Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel (G.C., V.S., C.G., E.G.); and Rheumatology Unit (C.G.) and Internal Medicine D and Hypertension Unit (E.H.), The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, - - 2014
Previous assessments of the prevalence of resistant hypertension (RH) in uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) have ranged from 3% to 30%. Using real-world data, our aim was to estimate the prevalence of RH in patients belonging to the Maccabi Healthcare Services, a 2-million-member health organization in Israel. From 2010 to 2011, ...
Hu Bang-Chuan BC Centre for Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials, The Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, - - 2014
We systematically investigated the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the natriuretic peptide system (NPPA, NPPB, NPPC, NPRA, NPRC, and Corin genes) and blood pressure in a Chinese population. The study population was recruited from a mountainous area 500 km south of Shanghai from 2003 to 2009. Using the ...
Onakpoya I J IJ University of Oxford, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, New Radcliffe House, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Oxford, - - 2014
Several dietary supplements are currently marketed for management of hypertension, but the evidence for effectiveness is conflicting. Our objective was to critically appraise and evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of chlorogenic acids (CGAs) on blood pressure, using data from published randomized clinical trials (RCTs). Electronic searches were conducted in ...
Mosca Irene I The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), Department of Medical Gerontology, Lincoln Gate, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2014
To: (1) compare prevalence of diagnosed, measured, total and undiagnosed hypertension among late middle-aged adults in the United States of America and Ireland; (2) identify the most important predictors of hypertension and compare them across the two countries; (3) investigate whether cross-national differences in prevalence rates are explained by country ...
Tomiyama Hirofumi H Second Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery (FMD) and reactive hyperemia index (RHI) measured by peripheral arterial tonometry are known to be weakly associated with one another, but the mechanisms underlying this weak association remain to be clarified. We examined whether the autonomic nervous activation induced by the 5 min forearm clamping ...
Bratton Daniel J DJ Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Unit at University College London, London, - - 2014
CPAP reduces blood pressure (BP) in patients with symptomatic obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Whether the same benefit is present in patients with minimally symptomatic OSA is unclear, thus a meta-analysis of existing trial data is required. The electronic databases Medline, Embase and trial registries were searched. Trials were eligible if ...
Zhong Junzhen J State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, - - 2014
The combined effect of previous dynamic high-pressure microfluidization treatment (40, 80, 120, and 160 MPa) and subsequent glycation with galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) on the antigenicity of β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) was investigated. The antigenicity of β-LG-GOS decreased at relatively low pressure (≤120 MPa). Surface sulfhydryl group content of β-LG-GOS increased and surface hydrophobicity ...
Ushigome Emi E Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, - - 2014
Maximum (max) home systolic blood pressure (HSBP) as well as mean HSBP or HSBP variability was reported to increase the predictive value of target organ damage. Yet, the association between max HSBP and target organ damage in patients with type 2 diabetes has never been reported. The aim of this ...
Narayan Om O aMonash Cardiovascular Research Centre, MonashHeart and Department of Medicine (Southern Clinical School) Monash University bDepartment of Cardiology, Alfred Hospital cMonash Cardiovascular Research Centre, MonashHeart, Melbourne, - - 2014
Central aortic blood pressure (cBP) is often promoted to be a superior predictor of cardiovascular risk compared to brachial blood pressure, and brachial-central pulse pressure amplification is also suggested as prognostic. Several devices and techniques, each purporting to estimate cBP, have entered commercial use. The interchangeability of cBP measurements between ...
Rodriguez Carlos J CJ Department of Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Studies document a progressive increase in heart disease risk as systolic blood pressure (SBP) rises above 115 mm Hg, but it is unknown whether an SBP lower than 120 mm Hg among adults with hypertension (HTN) lowers heart failure, stroke, and myocardial infarction risk. OBJECTIVE To examine the risk ...
Palatini Paolo P From the Department of Medicine, University of Padova, Padua, Italy (P.P., E.C.); Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy (G.R.); School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia (L.J.B.); Department of Medicine, Jichi University, Tochigi, Japan (K.E., K.K.); Department of Planning for Drug Development and Clinical Evaluation, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan (Y.I., T.O.); Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (T.O.); Department of Medicine and Aging Science, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy (S.D.P.); Division of General Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY (J.E.S.); Department of Psychiatry, Stony Brook University, New York, NY (J.E.S.); School of Medicine, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia (L.W.); and Unità operativa complessa di Medicina, Ospedale di Assisi, Italy (P.V.). - - 2014
The association of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) variability with mortality and cardiovascular events is controversial. To investigate whether BP variability predicts cardiovascular events and mortality in hypertension, we analyzed 7112 untreated hypertensive participants (3996 men) aged 52±15 years enrolled in 6 prospective studies. Median follow-up was 5.5 years. SD of ...
Peralta Carmen A CA From the Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco (C.A.P.), Nephrology Division, San Francisco VA Medical Center, CA (C.A.P.); Kidney Research Institute (R.K.) and Cardiovascular Health Research Unit (B.M.P.), University of Washington, Seattle; Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, PA (A.B.N.); College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis (M.C.O.). - - 2014
Whether limitation in the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) or gait speed can identify elders in whom the association of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with cardiovascular events (CVDs) and death differs is unclear. We evaluated whether limitation in ADL or gait speed modifies the association ...
Jessani Saleem - - 2014
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing being recognized as a global public health problem. However, there is dearth of information on the prevalence, determinants, and management of CKD from low- and middle-income countries. The objectives of the study were to determine the 1) prevalence of CKD; 2) socio-demographic and clinical ...
Nesti Nicola N Division of Geriatric Medicine and Cardiology, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi and University of Florence , - - 2014
Objective: Recent guidelines have widened clinical indications for out-of-office blood pressure measurement, including home blood pressure monitoring and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), suggesting the latter as recommended method in cognitively impaired patients. There is, however, a widespread belief that ABPM could be poorly tolerated in dementia, often leading to ...
Gottlieb Daniel J DJ From the Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System (D.J.G., D.L.B.), Brigham and Women's Hospital (D.J.G., S.R.P., S.F.Q., M.R., E.F.L., D.L.B., S.R.), Harvard Medical School (D.J.G., S.R.P., S.F.Q., E.F.L., D.L.B., S.R.), Boston University School of Medicine (D.J.G.), and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (S.R.P., S.R.) - all in Boston; Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore (N.M.P., R.S.B.); Cleveland Clinic (R.M.) and Case Western Reserve University (R.M., D.C.B.) - both in Cleveland; and the University of Vermont, Colchester - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, inflammation, and increased cardiovascular risk. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) reduces blood pressure, but adherence is often suboptimal, and the benefit beyond management of conventional risk factors is uncertain. Since intermittent hypoxemia may underlie cardiovascular sequelae of sleep apnea, we evaluated the effects ...
Smyrnioudis Mary E ME Department of Emergency Medicine, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville - - 2014
Pressure immobilization bandages delay mortality for 8 hours after coral snake envenomation, but long-term efficacy has not been established. The objective of this study is to determine the long-term efficacy of pressure immobilization bandages after coral snake envenomation in the absence of antivenom therapy. A randomized, observational pilot study was ...
Goligher Ewan C EC University of Toronto, Interdivisional Department of Critical Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada ; - - 2014
Rationale Previous trials of higher positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) failed to demonstrate mortality benefit, possibly because of differences in lung recruitability among patients with ARDS. Objectives To determine whether the physiological response to increased PEEP is associated with mortality. Methods In a secondary analysis ...
Maricevich Marco A MA Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Hematoma remains the most challenging complication of facelifting and has been associated with male sex, hypertension, aspirin use, smoking, and high body mass index. Patients who underwent a facelift were studied to determine rates of hematoma and other complications and to identify predictive and protective factors, including meticulous analysis of ...
Oliveira Natacha N Departments of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
To compare disease features of women that are correctly identified (true positive=TP) to those that are missed (false negative=FN) when applying first trimester prediction algorithms for pre-eclampsia (PE) to a prospectively enrolled population. Six first trimester early (<34 weeks) PE algorithms were applied to a prospective cohort of singleton pregnancies ...
Veronese Nicola N From the Department of Medicine, Geriatrics Division (N.V., F.B., M.D.R., E.M., G.S.), Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences (S.Z., E.M.), and Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Public Health Unit (E.P.), University of Padova, Padova, Italy; National Research Council, Aging Branch, Neuroscience Institute, Padova, Italy (S.Z., G.C., E.M.); Azienda Unità Locale Socio Sanitaria, Padova, Italy (M.-C.C.); and Internal Medicine Division, Azienda Ospedaliera, Padova, Italy (G.B.). - - 2014
Interest in the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and blood pressure has increased because recent research showed a close relationship between them, but there is still little information on the possible association between 25OHD and orthostatic hypotension. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship of 25OHD ...
Engeli Stefan S Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2014
The growing number of obese patients with a high risk of developing hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus requires several drugs to treat all the associated morbidities. Ideally, one drug would help to tackle several health problems at the same time. We review available information on the blood pressure-reducing effects ...
Ryoo Jae-Hong JH Departments of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is getting an increasing attention for its clinical implications on cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, epidemiologic data are not so evident to sustain the causative association between NAFLD and hypertension, the major cause of CVD. Accordingly, we designed this study to investigate the clinical association between ...
Bouhanick B B Department of Internal Medicine and Hypertension, University Hospital Rangueil, TSA 50032, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) has deleterious effects on patients' cardiovascular prognoses. The combination of increased age and diabetes adds to the risk of OH. The aim of the study was to describe the elderly diabetic population relative to the degree of hypertension, the occurrence of complications, medications and cognitive function. In ...
Li Yan Y Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
-Data on risk associated with 24-hour ambulatory diastolic (DBP24) vs. systolic (SBP24) blood pressure are scarce. -We recorded 24-hour blood pressure and health outcomes in 8341 untreated people (mean age, 50.8 years; 46.6% women) randomly recruited from 12 populations. We computed hazard ratios (HRs) using multivariable-adjusted Cox regression. Over 11.2 ...
Pengpid Supa - - 2014
In persons 15 years and above in South Africa the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes has been estimated at 9.1% and 9.6%, respectively, and the prevalence of systolic prehypertension and hypertension, 38.2% and 24.6%, respectively. Elevated blood glucose and elevated blood pressure are prototype of preventable chronic cardiovascular disease risk ...
Zhou Fang F Department of Cardiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between arterial stiffness, as measured by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and the presence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in a Chinese population. A total of 4,445 subjects were enrolled. The prevalence of MS in our study population was 21.7%, ...
Ambrosius Walter T WT Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA - - 2014
High blood pressure is an important public health concern because it is highly prevalent and a risk factor for adverse health outcomes, including coronary heart disease, stroke, decompensated heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and decline in cognitive function. Observational studies show a progressive increase in risk associated with blood pressure ...
Muller Majon M From the Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Sciences (M.M., T.B.H., L.J.L.), Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, MD; the Departments of Gerontology and Geriatrics (M.M.) and Radiology (M.v.B.), Leiden University Medical Center; Icelandic Heart Association (S.S., O.K., T.A., V.G.), Kopovagur; the Departments of Neurology & Radiology (O.K.) and Geriatrics (P.V.J.), Landspitali National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland; the Department of Neurology (O.L.L.), University of Pittsburgh, PA; and the Faculty of Medicine (P.V.J.), University of Iceland, - - 2014
We hypothesized that in participants with a history of hypertension, lower late-life blood pressure (BP) will be associated with more brain pathology. Participants are 4,057 older men and women without dementia with midlife (mean age 50 ± 6 years) and late-life (mean age 76 ± 5 years) vascular screening, cognitive ...
Dhaun Neeraj N From the BHF Centre of Research Excellence, University of Edinburgh, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, British Heart Foundation Centre of Research Excellence, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, United Kingdom (I.M.M., V.M., W.O., R.A.K., K.E.B., E.D.K., D.J.W.); and Department of Renal Medicine, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (N.D., J.G.). - - 2014
Hypertension and arterial stiffness are important independent cardiovascular risk factors in chronic kidney disease (CKD) to which endothelin-1 (ET-1) contributes. Loss of nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipping is associated with CKD progression, but there are no data on 24-hour arterial stiffness variation. We examined the 24-hour variation of BP, arterial ...
Rosa Neto Nilton Salles NS From the Division of Rheumatology and the Hypertension Unit, the Heart Institute, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo; and Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. N.S. Rosa Neto, MD, PhD; M. Levy-Neto, MD, PhD, Division of Rheumatology; E.C. Tolezani, MD, PhD, Hypertension Unit, the Heart Institute; E. Bonfá, MD, PhD, Division of Rheumatology; L.A. Bortolotto, MD, PhD, Hypertension Unit, the Heart Institute; R.M.R. Pereira, MD, PhD, Division of Rheumatology, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. Address correspondence to Dr. Pereira, Division of Rheumatology, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455, 3º andar, sala 3105, São Paulo, SP, Brazil 01246-903. E-mail: rosamariarp@yahoo.com. Accepted for publication March 12, - - 2014
The assessment of pulse wave velocity (PWV) in Takayasu arteritis (TA) is complex because of many confounding factors. We evaluated PWV in female patients with TA and controls with comparable anthropometric and clinical variables and assessed a possible association of TA with disease variables. We evaluated 27 patients with TA ...
Kızılırmak Pınar P Novartis Pharmaceuticals, İstanbul, Turkey. - - 2014
Objectives: This study evaluated the efficacy as well as the safety and tolerability profile of low-dose valsartan/amlodipine (Val/Amlo) single-pill combination (SPC) (160/5 mg) in patients with essential hypertension in Turkey. Study design: Adult patients with essential hypertension [systolic blood pressure (SBP) >140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >90 mmHg], ...
Watson Hannah H Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, - - 2014
While negative effects of human disturbance on animals living above the ground have been widely reported, few studies have considered effects on animals occupying cavities or burrows underground. It is generally assumed that, in the absence of direct visual contact, such species are less vulnerable to disturbance. Seabird colonies can ...
Sobiczewski Wojciech W I Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdańsk, - - 2014
The goal of our study was to assess the influence of hypertension chronopharmacotherapy on diurnal blood pressure (BP) profile and mortality. Subjects with established coronary heart disease (CHD) (n=1345, mean age 63.2±9.2 years) were included. Non-dipping status was related to a lack of nighttime hypertensive drug administration (OR 3.87, 95% ...
Askari Sahar S Research Center for Development of Medical Studies, Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
There is no comprehensive report on seasonal variations in individuals' blood pressure (BP) in Iranian subjects. The aim of this study is to evaluate individuals' BP during the four seasons of the year in a large number of adults in Tehran. In a population-based study in Tehran, over a period ...
Anthony David D Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, 111 Brewster St, Pawtucket, RI 02903, - - 2014
The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association cholesterol guidelines depart from low-density lipoprotein (LDL) treatment targets and recommend treating four specific patient groups with statins. Statins are the only cholesterol-lowering drugs with randomized trial evidence of benefit for preventing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The groups are patients with clinical ...
Edwards Elizabeth W EW Department of Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC, - - 2014
The field of hypertension has evolved considerably over the last 70 years, from a belief that elevated blood pressure was an inevitable consequence of aging and beneficial, to maintaining perfusion to overwhelming proof of the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with elevated blood pressure. The authors reviewed the literature on hypertension ...
Luo Jiewei - - 2014
To explore the relationship between Renying pulse (carotid) augmentation index (AI) and Cunkou pulse condition in different blood pressure groups, and the clinical significance of Renying and Cunkou pulse parameters to reflect vascular function. Eighty-six patients with essential hypertension (EH) and 52 individuals with normal blood pressure (control group) between ...
Souza Clarita Silva de CS Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Cardiologia, Instituto de Cardiologia, Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Background: Systemic hypertension is highly prevalent and an important risk factor for cardiovascular events. Blood pressure control in hypertensive patients enrolled in the Hiperdia Program, a program of the Single Health System for the follow-up and monitoring of hypertensive patients, is still far below the desired level. Objective: To describe ...
Rotenberg Lucia L Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Night and shift work are suggested risk factors for hypertension. Considering the relationship between sleep deprivation and blood pressure, this study focuses on self-reported hypertension and napping during night shift. Our aims are (1) to analyse the prevalence of hypertension among day and night workers and (2) to test the ...
Nathan Hl H Women's Health Academic Centre, King's College London, London, - - 2014
Early recognition of haemodynamic instability following PPH is necessary to instigate interventions to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality. Conventional markers of haemodynamic compromise are relatively insensitive. To evaluate SI, the ratio of heart rate (HR) to systolic blood pressure (SBP), as a predictor of adverse clinical outcome following PPH, compared ...
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