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Results 701 - 750 of 3639
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Noguchi Yuichi - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: We evaluated the predictive power of home blood pressure and clinic blood pressure based on the long-term cardiovascular outcome in hypertensive patients with and without impaired glucose metabolism (IGM). METHOD:: The multicentre Hypertension Objective Treatment Based on Measurement by Electrical Devices Blood Pressure trial (HOMED-BP) involved 3080 patients (50.5% ...
Malekzadeh Masoud M - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: There is considerable variation in hypertension prevalence and awareness, and their correlates, across different geographic locations and ethnic groups. We performed this cross-sectional analysis on data from the Golestan Cohort Study (GCS). METHODS:: Enrollment in this study occurred in 2004-2008, and included 50 045 healthy individuals from Golestan Province in ...
Hajjar Ihab - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The short-term safety of and blood pressure changes after withdrawing hypertension treatment in older adults in preparation for clinical trials have not been well established. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a clinical trial and antihypertensive medications were tapered over 3 weeks (week 1: reduction by 25%-50%; week 2: 50%-75%, week 3: ...
Leal Neto João de Souza Jde - - 2013
The study objectives were to investigate the indicators of obesity most associated with high blood pressure in community-dwelling elderly and identify among these which one best discriminates high blood pressure. This is an epidemiological, population, cross-sectional and home-based study of elderly people (≥ 60 years, n = 316) residing in northeastern Brazil. The ...
- - 2013
Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease and affects nearly one third of U.S. adults. Because the risk for cardiovascular disease mortality increases as blood pressure increases, clinical recommendations for persons with stage 2 hypertension (systolic blood pressure [SBP] ≥160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] ≥100 mmHg) include ...
Klemetti M M - - 2013
AIMS: The pre-pregnancy BMI and the third trimester HbA1c levels increased in Finnish parturients with Type 1 diabetes during 1989-2008. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether these trends have been accompanied by increases in blood pressure or hypertensive complications. Hypertension trends were analysed using the definitions of ...
Faria Ana Paula Cabral de - - 2013
Resistant hypertension (RH) is defined as blood pressure that remains above target in spite of the concurrent use of three or more classes of antihypertensive drugs at optimized doses (UCRH), with one of them being a diuretic. Moreover, patients whose blood pressure is controlled while using four or more antihypertensive ...
Ullery Brant W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of hemodynamic instability (HI) following carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated data on 257 CAS procedures performed in 245 patients from 2002 to 2011 at a single institution. The presence of periprocedural HI, as defined by hypertension (systolic blood ...
Ding Shunjing - - 2013
Elderly patients with resistant hypertension are at increased risk for cardiovascular events. Clinical trials suggest that resistant hypertension involves perhaps 10-15% of hypertension study participants. In this study, 157 resistant hypertension patients older than 60 years were randomized to 8 weeks double-blind treatment with placebo, AML 10mg/day, OM 40mg/day and ...
Fedorowski Artur - - 2013
We would like to thank Prof. Dal Moro for his valuable contribution[1]. Indeed, many patients, especially those who are older and who suffer from several concomitant diseases, are at risk of being "overtreated with good intentions". The main problem is that the diagnosis of essential hypertension is at times assigned ...
Munroe Patricia B PB William Harvey Research Institute and Barts National Institute for Health Research Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Charterhouse Square, London, EC1M 6BQ United - - 2013
The elucidation of genes implicated in Mendelian forms of hypertension demonstrates rare variants with substantial effects are responsible, and often these genes lie within pathways managing sodium homeostasis. More recently with advances in affordable high-throughput genotyping strategies, multiple common genetic variants with modest effects on blood pressure (<1 mmHg systolic) ...
Yip Wanfen - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Hypertension is a major modifiable risk factor associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We compared the epidemiology of hypertension in South Asian Indians living in two geographic regions with vastly different socioeconomic settings (urban Singapore and rural India). METHODS:: We analyzed data from two large population-based studies: the Singapore ...
Dave Gaurav J - - 2013
Inadequate control of high systolic blood pressure in older adults has been largely attributable to poor control of overall hypertension (HTN). The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) guidelines emphasize the importance of controlling isolated systolic HTN ...
Triana-Reina Héctor Reynaldo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between muscle strength and early cardiovascular risk (CVR) markers in sedentary adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 176 sedentary subjects aged 18-30 years were enrolled. Body mass index and fat percentage were calculated, and waist circumference, grip strength by dynamometry, systolic blood pressure, diastolic ...
Stamler Jeremiah J Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2013
Available data have indicated independent direct relations of dietary animal protein and meat to the blood pressure (BP) of individuals. In this study, we aimed to assess whether BP is associated with the intake of dietary amino acids higher relatively in animal than in vegetable protein (alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, ...
Li Xin - - 2013
Prolonged exposure to inorganic arsenic has been a severe environmental public health issue worldwide in the recent decades. Increasing evidence has suggested a possible role of prolonged arsenic exposure through drinking water in the development of arsenic-induced chronic noncancer diseases, among which hypertension and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are the ...
Michalska Marta - - 2013
We assessed the differences in the knowledge and level of awareness of hypertension among patients with hypertension from Central Poland; 248 (57.6% females) patients diagnosed with hypertension completed a questionnaire. Most (79%) of the patients were unaware of the optimal blood pressure (BP) range. The elderly patients did not know ...
Aubinière-Robb Louise L BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2013
Very few studies have looked at longitudinal intraindividual blood pressure responses to weather conditions. There are no data to suggest that specific response to changes in weather will have an impact on survival. We analyzed >169 000 clinic visits of 16 010 Glasgow Blood Pressure Clinic patients with hypertension. Each ...
Rodriguez-Luna D - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An association between high blood pressure (BP) in acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and hematoma growth (HG) has not been clearly demonstrated. Therefore, the impact of BP changes and course on HG and clinical outcome in patients with acute ICH was determined. METHODS: In total, 117 consecutive patients ...
Norberg Hanna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between repeat courses of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adolescents and young adults. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed body mass index, blood pressure, arterial stiffness, blood lipids, and insulin resistance (IR) in a Swedish population-based cohort (n = 100) at a ...
Talfournier J - - 2013
AIMS: This study aimed to assess the relationship between blood pressure and cognitive function in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: A total of 32 patients with DM aged≥65 years (seven women and 25 men; mean±SD age: 74.3±6.4 years) were included in this cross-sectional study. Relationships between blood pressure ...
Cashin Brian V - - 2013
Introduction The newer cyanide antidote, hydroxocobalamin, due to its pigmentation, has been found to cause interferences in some laboratory assays. Co-oximetry may also be affected by hydroxocobalamin, leading to false elevations in hemoglobin concentration, methemoglobin, carboxyhemoglobin, and false decreases in oxyhemoglobin. The Masimo Radical-7 is a medical device that performs ...
Vitolo Márcia Regina - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary sodium intake on blood pressure among low income children aged 3-4 years. Data were collected during a randomized trial conducted in São Leopoldo, Brazil, with 500 mother-child pairs recruited from the maternity ward of a local hospital. Breastfeeding data were obtained during ...
Seifert John - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Exposure to cold has been shown to cause cardiovascular stress and increased morbidity and mortality. Inhalation of cold, dry air can increase blood pressure and induce myocardial ischemia, particularly in people with preexisting hypertensive cardiovascular disease. Face masks that can warm and humidify inhaled cold air may reduce these ...
Liu Sam - - 2013
Elevated blood pressure is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Internet-based interventions (e-counselling) have the potential to deliver a wide range of preventive counselling services. The purpose of this review was to (1) assess the efficacy of e-counselling in reducing blood pressure and (2) identify key components ...
Sanghavi Sarah - - 2013
Interventional trials of dietary sodium reduction have demonstrated improvements in blood pressure, cardiovascular events, and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Furthermore, public health initiatives to reduce population sodium intake in Finland and Japan have shown similar benefit in blood pressure and stroke reduction. Recent follow-up data from large cohort trials that ...
Wang Zuoguang - - 2013
Purpose: Mitofusin2 gene (Mfn2, also named Hyperplasia suppressive gene, HSG) is very important in the origin and development of hypertension. However, the mechanism of Mfn2/HSG expression regulation was not uncovered. This study was designed to explore the association of a novel 5'-uncoding region (UCR) -1248 A>G variation of HSG/Mfn2 gene ...
Ambesi Davide - - 2013
The protection factor and pressure drop coefficient of single layers of active carbon particles in chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) protective garments have been computed from computational fluid dynamics simulations of airflow and mass transport. Based on the results from the simulations, a closed-form analytical model has been proposed ...
Feldman Ross D - - 2013
Control rates for hypertension have dramatically improved during the past 2 decades-especially in Canada. However, hypertension remains one of the top risk factors for premature death globally. Furthermore, one-third of Canadians with hypertension have not obtained adequate blood pressure control. Most of these patients have resistant hypertension with uncontrolled blood ...
Wu Chun-Xiao - - 2013
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and hypertension commonly coexist. Clinical studies indicate that OSAS plays a key role in increasing the risk of prevalent hypertension. Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is the core pathological mechanism of OSAS, and has a close relationship with systemic inflammation. Growing evidence shows that CIH and ...
Monfared Ali - - 2013
Introduction. Microalbuminuria and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) have both been shown to predict increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, especially in diabetic patients. The present study investigated the relationship between microalbuminuria and LVH in patients with essential hypertension. Materials and Methods. After a primary workup to rule out secondary hypertension, 110 ...
Nurjono Milawaty - - 2013
Introduction: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Studies proposed that waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) are good indicators of MetS. In this study, we examined and compared the predictive utility of clinical measures such as WC, blood pressure and BMI and determined the ...
Ojo Israel Arogundade - - 2013
Increasing affluence in low-income countries has been associated with lifestyle-related conditions, which may afford some people the opportunity to retire from gainful employment. This study examined the relationship between selected anthropometric variables and cardiovascular disease risk factors among age-matched retirees and non-retirees in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Self-reported healthy adults (104 retirees ...
Horkan Alicia - - 2013
Based on a literature review, the physiology of blood pressure control and hemodynamic changes that occur during a hemodialysis treatment, blood pressure evaluations at 15-minute intervals as opposed to 30-minute intervals may enable nephrology nurses and other care providers to recognize and prevent dramatic drops in blood pressure. Through maintenance ...
Gholami Fesharaki Mohammad M Biostatistics Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IR - - 2013
Hypertension is considered as a major public health problem in most countries due to its association with ischemic heart disease which causes cerebrovascular disease and death. The purpose of the present study was to study factors affecting Blood Pressure (BP). The data were extracted from annual observation of the workers ...
Batis Carolina C Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, - - 2013
Although it is clear that there are short-term effects of sodium intake on blood pressure, little is known about the most relevant timing of sodium exposure for the onset of hypertension. This question can be addressed only in cohorts with repeated measures of sodium intake. Using up to seven measures ...
Almoosawi Suzana S Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, UK. - - 2013
The role of circadian rhythm of energy and macronutrient intake in influencing cardiometabolic risk factors is increasingly recognized. However, little is known of the association between time of energy intake and blood pressure. We examined the association between time-of-day of energy intake and subsequent hypertension and change in blood pressure. ...
Floras John S JS University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital Division of Cardiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
Blood pressure is a continuous, not a static, variable. Individuals exhibiting similar clinic or home blood pressure can differ considerably with respect to their average day and nighttime values, beat-by-beat blood pressure variation during wakefulness and sleep, responses to mental and physical stimuli, and intersession and seasonal variation. There now ...
Berendes Angela A Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2013
Quality of life is often impaired in patients with known hypertension, but it is less or not at all reduced in people unaware of their elevated blood pressure. Some studies have even shown less self-rated distress in adults with elevated blood pressure. In this substudy of the nationwide German Health ...
da Costa Dias F L - - 2013
Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs), the mainstay treatment for dementia, have systemic actions that can affect cardiovascular and autonomic nervous system (ANS). Thirty-nine patients with Alzheimer's disease or mixed dementia underwent a comprehensive clinical evaluation, prior to and during ChEIs therapy, including orthostatic challenge, electrocardiogram (EKG) and heart rate variability (HRV) spectral ...
Bihari Shailesh - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Administration of fluid boluses(FB) beyond initial resuscitation in patients with severe sepsis are common, and may contribute to positive fluid balance. Little is known regarding the efficacy and risk profile of this strategy. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and efficacy of FB post initial resuscitation in septic patients. METHODS: ...
Peelukhana Srikara Viswanath - - 2013
In this study, coronary diagnostic parameters, pressure drop coefficient (CDP: ratio of trans-stenotic pressure drop to distal dynamic pressure), and lesion flow coefficient (LFC: ratio of % area stenosis (%AS) to the CDP at throat region), were evaluated to distinguish levels of %AS under varying contractility conditions, in the presence ...
Ovaisi Shazia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We found little data on long-term home blood pressure monitoring in stroke patients. OBJECTIVES: After completing a 12-month trial of home monitoring in hypertensive stroke patients, we investigated the following:1. The proportion of 118 control patients offered a monitor at the end of the trial without nurse support who ...
Kasiakogias Alexandros - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) behavior during exercise is not clear in hypertensive patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The authors studied 57 men with newly diagnosed essential hypertension and untreated OSA (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] ≥5) but without daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale score ≤10), and an equal number of hypertensive controls without OSA ...
Calabro Janine M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the ratio of pulse oximetry saturation/fraction of inspired oxygen (SpO2 /FiO2 , [SF]) correlates with the ratio of partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood/FiO2 (PaO2 /FiO2 , [PF]) in dogs. DESIGN: Prospective, observational pilot study. SETTING: Urban tertiary veterinary referral center. ANIMALS: Thirty-eight client-owned dogs ...
Moser Deise Cristiane - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of blood pressure and body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio and triceps skinfold, in children and adolescents in Curitiba, state of Paraná, Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a random sample of 1,441 students from public schools, aged from 10 to 16 years (655 boys ...
Hasegawa Hajime - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the factors affecting the efficacy of combination therapy with losartan and thiazide, with a focus on the significance of salt excretion, via a multicenter observational study. Adult patients with essential hypertension showing therapy resistance to angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) as a monotherapy ...
Marta Michalska - - 2013
In 2003, the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure established a definition of a new category of BP levels called 'prehypertension'(preHT) that included individuals with a systolic BP of 120-139 mm Hg or a diastolic BP of 80-89 mm ...
Patrignani Francesca - - 2013
This research investigated the potential of multi-pass homogenization treatment for the inactivation of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis inoculated at different levels in liquid whole egg (LWE) comparing the efficacy of this treatment with a traditional thermal one performed at 65 °C. Moreover, the effects of high pressure treatment (HPH) on structural ...
Sen Zhang Wei - - 2013
The effects of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) 2 and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 2 genotypes on the alcohol-blood pressure association are unclear. We examined the association of ADH2 or ALDH2 genotypes with blood pressure in older Chinese men. Based on the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study (GBCS), 4792 men with valid ADH2, ALDH2 ...
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