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Results 701 - 750 of 3975
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Das P - - 2013
Intoduction: Hypertension is a modern day epidemic and growing public health problem. A sizable proportion of world populations suffer from prehypertension or hypertension. Objectives: The present study was carried out to detect the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension among undergraduate medical students and to identify the associated risk factors. Materials and ...
Larsson Laura S - - 2013
The Nurse's Desk health screening project used the Intervention Wheel model to conduct outreach, screening, education, and referral for food bank clients (n = 506). Blood glucose, blood pressure, health care utilization, and unmet referral needs were assessed. Screening results identified 318 clients (62.8%) with 1 or more unmet referral ...
Inrig Jula K - - 2013
Park et al. performed a retrospective analysis of a large hemodialysis cohort to describe the relationship between pre- to postdialysis changes in BP and mortality. Their study demonstrated adverse outcomes associated both with large decreases and with any increase in blood pressure pre- to postdialysis. Although limitations exist in this ...
Hinderliter Alan L - - 2013
There is a paucity of data describing the sustained benefits of lifestyle interventions on health behaviors and blood pressure (BP). We examined the persistence of changes in health habits and BP in the ENCORE study, a trial in which 144 overweight individuals with above-normal BP were randomized to one of ...
Shlomai Gadi - - 2013
Hypertension is associated with damage to the heart, kidneys, and vascular tree. Assessment of target organ damage (TOD) allows better prediction of cardiovascular risk than conventional risk assessment. Regression of TOD during antihypertensive treatment, which depends on the blood pressure (BP) reduction and the specific ancillary properties of each drug, ...
Stepanczuk Beth C - - 2013
The aims of this study were to determine the occurrence of prehypertension and high blood pressure in adults with spina bifida (SB) and to examine relationships among blood pressure, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and SB-specific factors. This is a cross-sectional, retrospective analysis of adults with SB. SB-specific factors and cardiovascular ...
Niessen Maurice A J - - 2013
Guidelines on home blood pressure measurement (HBPM) recommend taking at least 12 measurements. For screening purposes, however, it is preferred to reduce this number. We therefore derived and validated cut-off values to determine hypertension status after the first duplicate reading of a HBPM series in a web-based worksite health promotion ...
Lee Dana - - 2013
Hypertension is a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, whereas low systolic blood pressure (SBP) is a powerful adverse prognosticator in acute coronary syndrome. However, it is unclear whether the prognostic significance of low SBP differs in patients with versus without prior history of hypertension. We sought to investigate the ...
Oxlund Christina S - - 2013
The increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with arterial hypertension is particularly pronounced in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Blood pressure control is, therefore, decisively important but often not sufficiently achieved. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the antihypertensive effect of low dose spironolactone ...
Young Morag J - - 2013
Hypertension affects about 40% of the world's population and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular events. The important role of salt balance and aldosterone regulation in hypertension and cardiovascular disease has become increasingly evident over recent decades. Several recent studies have now shed some light on hyperaldosteronism and the ...
Lindeboom Ralph E F - - 2013
This work studied the anaerobic conversion of neutralized volatile fatty acids (VFA) into biogas under Autogenerative High Pressure Digestion (AHPD) conditions. The effects of the operating conditions on the biogas quality, and the substrate utilisation rates were evaluated using 3 AHPD reactors (0.6L); feeding a concentration of acetate and VFA ...
Singla Ritika - - 2013
Essential hypertension is associated with multiple metabolic abnormalities, among them one of the most important is hyperinsulinemia. Hyperinsulinemia has been suggested as being responsible for the increased arterial pressure in patients with essential hypertension. But this is contradicted by the finding that all patients of essential hypertension are not hyperinsulinemic. ...
Pouchain Denis - - 2013
Several observational studies on hypertensive patients have shown a gap between therapeutic targets recommended in guidelines and those achieved in daily practice. The ESCAPE trial aimed to determine whether a multifaceted intervention focused on general practitioners (GPs), could increase significantly the proportion of hypertensive patients at high risk in primary ...
Trinooson Crystal D CD Keck Medical Center of the University of Southern California, - - 2013
Guidelines for the perioperative administration of fluid are often based on static hemodynamic targets such as central venous pressure, and delayed volume status indexes such as blood pressure, heart rate, capillary refill, and urine output. Traditional fluid management protocols also rely heavily on algorithmic estimates of fluid deficit, intravascular fluid ...
Mittal S R - - 2013
Detailed echocardiographic evaluation was performed on sixty-four normal persons without any cardiovascular risk factor and clinic blood pressure of 120/80 mm of Hg or less with an aim to find, if there are subclinical echocardiographic changes even in this population. There was significant positive linear correlation between mean arterial pressure ...
Oh Yoon-Sang YS Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2013
Several reports on the elderly population have suggested that orthostatic hypotension is associated with white matter hyperintensities (WMH); however, little information is available on patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). We analyzed the association blood pressure profiles during tilt table testing with WMH scores in 117 patients with PD. WMH were ...
St-Arnaud Charles C Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, - - 2013
Without robust clinical evidence to guide titration of vasopressors in septic shock, it is unclear how dosing of these potent medications occurs. We sought to measure the proportion of vasopressor prescriptions for septic shock that were missing explicit targets and to describe the targets that we identified. We conducted a ...
Sim John J JJ Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address: - - 2013
To evaluate the prevalence of and characterize resistant hypertension in a large representative population with successful hypertension management and reliable health information. We performed a cross-sectional study using clinical encounter, laboratory, and administrative information from the Kaiser Permanente Southern California health system between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2007. ...
Carlsson Axel C - - 2013
Our aim is to study associations between circulating endostatin, hypertension duration, and hypertensive target-organ damage. Long-term hypertension induces cardiovascular and renal remodeling. Circulating endostatin, a biologically active derivate of collagen XVIII, has been suggested to be a relevant marker for extracellular matrix turnover and remodeling in various diseases. However, the ...
Tailakh Ayman - - 2013
One billion of the world's population has hypertension, resulting in four million deaths per year. Data on the prevalence of hypertension in the Arab world are very limited. This review summarizes existing knowledge regarding prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension in Arab countries. The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and CINAHL ...
Ikeda Nayu N AXA Department of Health and Human Security, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan - - 2014
To examine hypertension management across countries and over time using consistent and comparable methods. A systematic search identified nationally representative health examination surveys from 20 countries containing data from 1980 to 2011 on blood pressure measurements, the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension and its control with antihypertensive drugs. For each ...
Kurtz Pedro - - 2013
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between cardiac index (CI) response to a fluid challenge and changes in brain tissue oxygen pressure (PbtO2) in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Prospective observational study was conducted in a neurological intensive care unit of a university hospital. Fifty-seven fluid ...
Wåhlin Anders - - 2013
Excessive intracranial pulsatility is thought to damage the cerebral microcirculation, causing cognitive decline in elderly individuals. We investigated relationships between brain structure and measures related to intracranial pulsatility among healthy elderly. Thirty-seven stroke-free, non-demented individuals (62-82 years of age) were included. We assessed brain structure, invasively measured cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...
Peck Robert N - - 2013
Among African-Americans adults, arterial hypertension is both more prevalent and associated with more complications than among white adults. Hypertension is also epidemic among black adults in sub-Saharan Africa. The treatment of hypertension among black adults may be complicated by lesser response to certain classes of anti-hypertensive agents. We systematically searched ...
Lipsitz Lewis A LA Institute for Aging Research, Hebrew SeniorLife, Boston, Massachusetts 02131, USA. - - 2013
Hypertension is common among people older than 65 years, affecting nearly two-thirds of men and three-fourths of women by age 75 years. Treatment goals and medication selection for this population may differ from those for younger patients. To discuss the presentation, pathophysiology, and optimal treatment of hypertension among elderly persons. ...
Chandra Subhash - - 2013
Abstract Aim: Diabetes plays a major role in progression of renal failure. The risk-factor profile changes during the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) from mild/moderate to end-stage renal disease. The relationship between glycemic indices, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI) and age at diagnosis in Indians has been less ...
Hicken Margaret T - - 2013
Researchers have theorized that social and psychosocial factors increase vulnerability to the deleterious health effects of environmental hazards. We used baseline examination data (2000-2002) from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Participants were 45-84 years of age and free of clinical cardiovascular disease at enrollment (n = 6814). The modifying role ...
de la Sierra Alejandro - - 2013
Both increased night blood pressure (BP) and nondipping are associated with worse cardiovascular risk and prognosis. However, as they are often related features, their relative importance has been difficult to assess separately. In this study we address separate associations of nocturnal hypertension and nondipping with cardiovascular risk profile in treated ...
Plavcová Eva - - 2013
Sudden weather changes have long been thought to be associated with negative impacts on human health, but relatively few studies have attempted to quantify these relationships. We use large 6-h changes in atmospheric pressure as a proxy for sudden weather changes and evaluate their association with hospital admissions for cardiovascular ...
Tomiyama Hirofumi - - 2013
We examined the following: whether the estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated from the serum cystatin C levels (eGFRcys) and the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) might be independent predictors of the development of hypertension over the short term, without any interaction; whether the baPWV may be directly associated with the ...
Fedorowski Artur - - 2013
Impact of SBP vs. DBP decrement during orthostasis on cardiovascular events in hypertension is not clear. We assessed prospective association of orthostatic hypotension with mortality and major cardiovascular events [myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke] among 8788 treated hypertensive patients (52.2% men; mean age 52 years, mean BP 161/99 mmHg) without history ...
Gosse Philippe - - 2013
A retrospective pooled analysis of the 'Prospective, Randomized Investigation of the Safety and Efficacy of MICARDIS vs. Ramipril Using ABPM' studies conducted in Europe and South Africa (PRISMA I) and in the United States of America and Canada (PRISMA II) was carried out to investigate the effects of telmisartan and ...
Oosugi Kazuki - - 2013
An increase in systolic blood pressure (SBP) after hemodialysis (intradialytic-HTN) is associated with adverse outcomes in patients on regular hemodialysis. However, the hemodynamic and Doppler echocardiographic characteristics of intradialytic-HTN and its impact on clinical outcomes are unclear. A retrospective analysis of 84 patients (45 men, 70±9 years) stratified into three ...
Saranya Kuppusamy - - 2013
The study was conducted to assess the sympathovagal balance in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) using short-term heart rate variability (HRV) analysis and conventional autonomic function tests (CAFT). Thirty-one newly diagnosed patients with PCOS and 30 age-matched controls were recruited. Body mass index (BMI), waist : hip ratio (WHR), cardiovascular parameters ...
Saseen Joseph J - - 2013
This study assessed blood pressure (BP) goal maintenance in patients controlled with olmesartan monotherapy after switching to another angiotensin type II receptor blocker (ARB). Hypertensive patients prescribed olmesartan monotherapy were identified from GE Healthcare's Centricity electronic medical record between 2007 and 2011. After documentation of BP goal (<140/90 mm Hg) attainment, ...
Dicker Dror D Department of Internal Medicine D, Tel Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv, Israel; Department of Radiology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv, - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine whether epicardial adipose tissue thickness (EAT), a new cardiometabolic risk factor, is associated with essential hypertension. The sample included 127 asymptomatic patients with one or more cardiovascular risk factors consecutively referred for cardiac computed tomography angiography. Data were collected retrospectively and compared ...
Bilenko Natalya - - 2013
Elevation of a child's blood pressure may cause possible health risks in later life. There is evidence for adverse effects of exposure to air pollution and noise on blood pressure in adults. Little is known about these associations in children. We investigated the associations of air pollution and noise exposure ...
Rada Marcelo A - - 2013
Abstract The prognostic value of impedance cardiography (ICG; cardiac index [CI] and systemic vascular resistance index [SVRI] were measured) was assessed in this retrospective cohort study. A total of 1151 hypertensive outpatients >50 years with a baseline ICG were included. After median follow-up of 3.9 years, for the composite endpoint ...
Ozkayar Nihal - - 2013
Abstract Background/Aims: Hypertension is an important cardiovascular risk factor in renal transplant recipients. Elevated blood pressure variability (BPV) during 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is associated with increased risk of target organ damage and cardiovascular events, independent of mean blood pressure levels. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between ...
Shahin Dima S - - 2013
Abstract There is no agreement on the involvement of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene A(1166)C variant and essential hypertension. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene A(1166)C variants with essential hypertension and some related parameters in a ...
Pierdomenico Sante D - - 2013
The independent prognostic significance of morning surge (MS) in blood pressure (BP) is not yet clear. We investigated the association between MS in systolic BP (SBP) and risk of ischemic stroke in elderly patients treated for hypertension. Occurrence of ischemic stroke was evaluated in 1,191 elderly patients treated for hypertension ...
Zhou Jianguang - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: This study documented the prevalence and clinical features of white coat hypertension (WCH) among Chinese Han patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements were compared in 856 patients with T2DM to determine the frequency of WCH (WCH was defined as ...
Mrgan Monija - - 2013
Capillary refill time (CRT) has been advocated as a tool for rapid assessment of circulatory status. The correlation between neither CRT and mortality nor CRT and markers of circulatory status has been assessed. We performed a prospective observational cohort study to assess the relationship between CRT (using two existing definitions ...
Aneni Ehimen - - 2013
Heart rate recovery (HRR) has been shown to predict cardiovascular disease mortality. HRR is delayed in hypertension, but its association with prehypertension (PHT) has not been well studied. The study population consisted of 683 asymptomatic individuals (90% men, aged 47±7.9 years). HRR was defined as peak heart rate minus heart ...
Fuller Gordon - - 2013
Low systolic blood pressure (SBP) is an important secondary insult following traumatic brain injury (TBI), but its exact relationship with outcome is not well characterised. Although a SBP of <90mmHg represents the threshold for hypotension in consensus TBI treatment guidelines, recent studies suggest redefining hypotension at higher levels. This study ...
Candan Cengiz - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its relation to risk factors in pediatric patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (NS). Thirty-seven patients with normal renal function were compared with 22 healthy controls regarding the presence of subclinical CVD. Measurements included aortic ...
Sangil Carlos - - 2013
In this paper we develop a tool to assess the impact of fishing on ecosystem functioning in shallow rocky reefs. The relationships between biological parameters (fishes, sea urchins, seaweeds), and fishing activities (fish traps, boats, land-based fishing, spearfishing) were tested in La Palma island (Canary Islands). Data from fishing activities ...
Yokokawa Hirohide H Department of General Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Public Health, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine success rates in controlling target blood pressures longitudinally by measuring several factors, including lifestyle characteristics associated with uncontrolled blood pressures for target treatment goals. This prospective observational cohort study (September 2008-September 2010) collected information on blood pressure control status and healthy lifestyle factors listed in Breslow's seven health ...
Aghaei Meybodi Hamid Reza - - 2013
Abstract Background: The prevalence of HTN varies considerably worldwide. This study was carried out to illustrate the prevalence of hypertension in a group of Iranian population based on the data gathered for Iranian Multi-centric Osteoporosis Studies (IMOS). Methods: This study analyzes the systolic and diastolic blood pressure from the IMOS, ...
Tucceri Maria Eugenia - - 2013
A detailed theoretical study of the kinetics of the thermal decomposition of 2-chloropropene over the 600 -1400 K temperature range has been done. The reaction takes place through the elimination of HCl with the concomitant formation of propyne or allene products. Relevant molecular properties of the reactant and transition states ...
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