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Results 701 - 750 of 3935
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Xu Weixian - - 2013
No previous studies investigated the interaction of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and overcommitment on blood pressure. Our aim was to investigate associations of ERI and overcommitment (and their interaction) with blood pressure and hypertension within a Chinese population. Seven hundred thirty-four participants from the Stress and Health in Shenzhen Workers study ...
Zhu Pengli - - 2013
Objectives. To describe the relationship of plasma apelin levels with blood pressure in a coastal Chinese population. Methods. This cross-sectional study included a total of 1031 subjects from the coastal areas of China. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and linear trend test, Pearson's correlation analysis, as well as multivariate linear ...
Adler Alma J - - 2013
This is an update of a Cochrane review of the effects of dietary advice, including low sodium salt substition, to reduce salt intake on mortality and cardiovascular events. 1. To assess the long term effects of interventions aimed at reducing dietary salt on mortality and cardiovascular morbidity.2. To investigate whether ...
Glasser Stephen P - - 2013
Increased attention has been given to pulse pressure (PP) as a potential independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We examined the relationship between the three indices of blood pressure consisting of systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and PP (= SBP - DBP), respectively, and incident acute ...
Salles Gil F - - 2013
The prognostic importance of tight clinic blood pressure (BP) control is controversial in diabetic patients. The objective was to investigate the prognostic impact of clinic and ambulatory BPs for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes. In a prospective cohort study, 565 type 2 diabetic patients had clinical, laboratory ...
Kwakernaak Arjan J - - 2013
Sodium restriction potentiates the efficacy of the rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS)-blockade and improves long-term cardiovascular and renal protection, even independent of the better blood pressure control. The mechanisms underlying the potentiation of cardiorenal protection by sodium restriction are incompletely understood. RAAS-blockade with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors increases circulating levels of the ...
Celi Leo A - - 2013
Although magnesium is important in the biology of blood pressure regulation, little clinical data exist on the association of hypermagnesemia and blood pressure. We examined the association of hypermagnesemia and SBP in a cross-sectional study of 10 521 ICU patients from a single tertiary care medical center, 6% of whom had ...
Magliano Erika Silva - - 2013
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the world and are responsible for a high number of disability-adjusted life years. Elevated blood pressure is an independent, linear and continuous risk factor for cardiovascular disease and has also been reported in the young population. Brazil is a country of ...
Petersen Laura A LA Health Policy and Quality Program, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. - - 2013
Pay for performance is intended to align incentives to promote high-quality care, but results have been contradictory. To test the effect of explicit financial incentives to reward guideline-recommended hypertension care. Cluster randomized trial of 12 Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics with 5 performance periods and a 12-month washout that enrolled 83 ...
Salvi Erika - - 2013
A case-control study revealed association between hypertension and rs3918226 in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene promoter (minor/major allele, T/C allele). We aimed at substantiating these preliminary findings by target sequencing, cell experiments, and a population study. We sequenced the 140-kb genomic area encompassing the eNOS gene. In HeLa ...
Jayalath Viranda H - - 2013
Current guidelines recommend diet and lifestyle modifications for primary prevention and treatment of hypertension, but do not encourage dietary pulses specifically for lowering blood pressure (BP). To quantify the effect of dietary pulse interventions on BP and provide evidence for their inclusion in dietary guidelines, a systematic review and meta-analysis ...
Ye Yicong - - 2013
Objective: The meta-analysis aimed to demonstrate the relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and blood pressure (BP).Methods: A systematic search of databases (MEDLINE and EMBASE) was performed to identify all the related cross-sectional studies and baseline data in prospective cohort studies in the general population. Weighted mean differences (WMD) of systolic ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2013
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), the prevalence of hypertension is very high, escalating with diminishing renal function. Typically, the diagnosis of hypertension and the clinical decisions regarding its treatment are based on daytime clinic blood pressure (BP) measurements. However, the correlation between BP level and target organ damage, cardiovascular risk ...
Otsuka Toshiaki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the predictive value of serum cystatin C (CysC) and that of creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFRCreat) for the risk of incident hypertension in a middle-aged male population. Serum CysC levels were measured in 904 nonhypertensive, Japanese male subjects (mean age = ...
Fukutomi Motoki - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of direct renin inhibitor, aliskiren, and amlodipine combination therapy with those of high-dose amlodipine monotherapy on endothelial function in elderly hypertensive patients. Participants included 105 patients (mean age 77 years) who had receive 5mg amlodipine for 4 weeks. Patients were ...
Shi Lijie - - 2013
Low salt intake and high fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) have been shown to reduce blood pressure (BP) in adults. Longitudinal data on the independent effect of both FVI and salt intake on BP in healthy normotensive children are not available yet. In the present study, we aimed to characterise ...
Chow Clara K CK Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences and McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2013
Hypertension is the most important preventable cause of morbidity and mortality globally, yet there are relatively few data collected using standardized methods. To examine hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in participants at baseline in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study. A cross-sectional study of 153,996 adults (complete data ...
Mezue Kenechukwu - - 2013
Developing countries face a dual challenge of both communicable and non-communicable disease - 80% of deaths from cardiovascular disease occur in low and middle-income countries. Hypertension ranks highest as an attributable cause of mortality in both developed and developing countries. The prevalence of hypertension is rising rapidly in Nigeria, from ...
Kim Do Young - - 2013
Abstract Background: The majority of hemodialysis (HD) patients are overhydrated and have high interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) which induces increased blood pressure (BP). The positive sodium balance resulting from a high sodium diet, a high dialysate sodium concentration (DNa), or a combination of both is major causes of this disease. ...
Hartung Julia C - - 2013
Objective Resuscitation guidelines give no preference over use of self-inflating bags (SIBs) or T-piece resuscitators (TPR) for manual neonatal ventilation. We speculated that devices would differ significantly regarding time required to adjust to changed ventilation settings.Study Design This was a laboratory study. Time to adjust from baseline peak inflation pressure ...
van Rijn-Bikker Petra C - - 2013
Cardiac and cerebrovascular events in hypertensive patients are related to specific features of the 24-hour diurnal blood pressure (BP) profile (i.e., daytime and nighttime BP, nocturnal dip (ND), and morning surge (MS)). This investigation aimed to characterize 24-hour diurnal systolic BP (SBP) with parameters that correlate directly with daytime and ...
Noor Sufian K M - - 2013
Introduction: Hypertension is a non-communicable disease of increasing importance in developing countries. Due to its silent nature and serious complications, active screening is essential in case detection. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension and to find out whether there are ethnic variations in ...
Al-Maqbali Ali Abdullah - - 2013
To estimate the prevalence of pre-hypertension and its association with some selected cardiovascular risk factors among the Omani adult population in the primary healthcare setting. A cross-sectional study involving a sample taken from a National Screening Program of chronic non-communicable diseases in primary healthcare institutions, Sohar city, Sultanate of Oman ...
Nary Fernando Costa - - 2013
To assess the association of prehypertension with metabolic, inflammatory and cardiovascular risk profile in asymptomatic individuals. Between 2006 and 2009, 11,011 asymptomatic adults (mean age: 43 years; 22% females), underwent a check-up protocol. They were divided into 3 groups: normotensive group (arterial pressure=120/80mmHg), prehypertensive group (arterial pressure >120/80mmHg and <140/90mmHg) ...
Wee Liang En - - 2013
Introduction: This study investigated the effect of an access-enhanced intervention on hypertension screening and management, as well as on health behaviours among newly diagnosed hypertensives, in a multi-ethnic low socioeconomic status (SES) community. Factors associated with hypertension screening, treatment, and control in the community were also determined. Materials and Methods: ...
Adamczuk Małgorzata - - 2013
In this study, the spatial distribution of brood-bearing females of five species of limnetic cladocerans (Daphnia cucullata, D. longispina, Bosmina coregoni, B. longirostris, Diaphanosoma brachyurum) in the deep mesotrophic lake in relation to the predation pressure of planktivorous fish (roach Rutilus rutilus, perch Perca fluviatilis, catfish Ictalurus nebulosus, white fish Coregonus ...
Kusuma Yadlapalli Sriparvati - - 2013
The present study is apart of a cross-sectional prevalence study. Descriptive statistics were used to present the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the influence of socio-demographic and other variables on awareness and on current medication use. The results reveal that only ...
Syamsunder Avupati Naga AN Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, - - 2013
Cardiovascular morbidities have been reported in hypothyroidism. The objective of this study is to investigate the link of sympathovagal imbalance (SVI) to cardiovascular risks (CVRs) and the plausible mechanisms of CVR in hypothyroidism. Age-matched 104 females (50 controls, 54 hypothyroids) were recruited and their body mass index (BMI), cardiovascular parameters, ...
Gholami-Fesharaki Mohammad M PhD Candidate, Department of Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, - - 2013
Hypertension is a health problem in Iran. Given the importance of this subject, we reviewed the factors affecting the blood pressure in this survey. This retrospective cohort study was performed on 3961 male workers employed at Isfahan Polyacryl Corporation (Iran) in health and safety executive between 1996 until 2008. In ...
Afsar Baris B Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Konya Numune State Hospital, Konya, - - 2013
Many studies have aimed to determine whether body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), or waist to hip ratio (WHR) best predicts hypertension in diabetic patients, with conflicting results. However, no study has examined the specific relationship between these anthropometric parameters with sustained normotension (SNT), white coat hypertension (WCHT), masked ...
Lin Tung-Cheng - - 2013
Abstract Online game playing may induce physiological effects. However, the physical mechanisms that cause these effects remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the physiological effects of long-hour online gaming from an autonomic nervous system (ANS) perspective. Heart rate variability (HRV), a valid and noninvasive electrocardiographic method ...
Rossen Niklas Blach - - 2013
Central blood pressure (BP) has attracted increasing interest because of a potential superiority over brachial BP in predicting cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Several devices estimating central BP noninvasively are now available. The aim of our study was to determine the validity of the Arteriograph, a brachial cuff-based, oscillometric device, in ...
Harbild H L - - 2013
This intervention examined whether fish-oil-supplementation in late infancy modifies free-play test scores and if this is related to blood pressure (BP) and mean RR interval. 83 Danish 9-month-old infants were randomized to ±fish oil (FO) (3.4±1.1mL/d) for 3months and 61 of these completed the free-play-test before and after the intervention. ...
Thankappan K R - - 2013
Community based intervention to control hypertension is extremely limited in India. We conducted this study to find the effectiveness of a community based intervention program on the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension. A baseline survey was conducted among 4627 adults aged ≥30 years (men 44%) selected by cluster sampling. ...
Shi-Hua Fang - - 2013
Objective To analyze the associations between menopause and hypertension/isolated systolic hypertension(ISH)among rural females in Hanzhong,Shaanxi Province,China.Methods In this cross-sectional study,3030 residents were selected by stratified random sampling and investigated by questionnaire survey and physical examinations.Data of the females were analyzed to explore the impact of menopause on blood pressure by ...
O'Flynn C C - - 2013
This study investigated effects of high pressure (HP) treatment of pork meat at 150 or 300MPa for 5min before manufacturing sausages on the reduction of phosphate levels and compared to sausages manufactured with untreated pork meat (control sausages). Improvement in perceived saltiness, juiciness and overall flavour was observed in sausages ...
Mosca Irene - - 2013
To assess prevalence rates of subjective and objective reports of two cardiovascular disorders (hypertension and hypercholesterolemia) for the same subset of respondents in a large-scale study. To determine whether and the extent to which the socioeconomic health gradient differed in the subjective and objective reports of the two cardiovascular disorders. ...
Choi S-W - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics of patients with resistant hypertension (RH) and predictors among elderly Korean hypertensives. This prospective, multi-center, observational study evaluated 2439 elderly hypertensive patients between December 2008 and November 2011, who visited secondary hypertension clinics for high blood pressure (BP). Patients ...
Oliveras A - - 2013
Among the vast population of hypertensive subjects, between 10 and 15% do not achieve an adequate blood pressure (BP) control despite the use of at least three antihypertensive agents. This group, designated as having resistant hypertension (RH), represents one of the most important clinical challenges in hypertension evaluation and management. ...
Wang Jing-Zhang - - 2013
Essential hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and the early-diagnosis is very important for the prevention of essential hypertension. Previously, we found that Pin1, the only known enzyme isomerizing pSer/pThr-Pro motifs in proteins, may gradually become inactive under conditions of stress such as intracellular acidification ...
Kim Hye In - - 2013
Whether the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-7) guidelines can be applied to the Asian population remains unclear. We aim to test the hypothesis that adherence to the JNC-7 guidelines is associated with hypertension in a representative sample ...
Matthews Kathleen A - - 2013
There are few data available examining the clinical impact of switching patients from hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) to chlorthalidone for blood pressure management. The goal of this study was to compare within-patient clinic blood pressure readings, serum electrolyte levels, and renal function markers before and after a medication change from HCTZ to ...
Kondrin M V - - 2013
The dielectric response in methanol measured in wide pressure and temperature ranges (P < 6.0 GPa; 100 K < T < 360 K) reveals a series of anomalies which can be interpreted as a transformation between several solid phases of methanol including a hitherto unknown high-pressure low-temperature phase with the ...
Klarenbeek Pim - - 2013
Asymptomatic lacunar infarcts, white matter lesions, cerebral microbleeds, and enlarged perivascular spaces are MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD). Higher blood pressure (BP) levels are associated with the presence of these markers separately, but the association with the total burden of cSVD on brain MRI, expressed by the ...
Ziegler Ann-Kathrin - - 2013
Background: Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RD) causes significant blood pressure (BP) reductions in patients with resistant hypertension (rHTN). However, hypertensive elderly patients reportedly have a lower sympathetic tone than younger patients and a blood pressure lowering effect of RD in this population has not yet been demonstrated. The purpose of ...
Tanaka Kenichi K Departments of Nephrology and Hypertension, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan; Chronic Kidney Disease Initiatives, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, - - 2014
At 14:46 on 11 March 2011, northeastern Japan was struck by a major earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale (the Great East Japan Earthquake). Several reports have suggested a transient blood pressure (BP) increase after a major earthquake, but its impact on BP in chronic dialysis patients has not ...
Sulistyoningrum Dian C - - 2013
Circulating vitamin D (25OHD) concentrations are negatively associated with blood pressure (BP) but little is known about the mechanisms for this relationship. Adiposity is positively associated with BP and inversely with circulating 25OHD concentrations but no studies have assessed the relationship between plasma 25OHD and adiposity on BP. The goal ...
Taylor Clare C King's College London (Institute of Psychiatry), London, - - 2013
To investigate long-term prospective associations between a range of measurements of hypertensive status in midlife and cognitive impairment 20 years later. Cohort study. Two areas (Southall and Brent) of northwest London. Survey samples of a multiethnic population (European, African Caribbean, South Asian) aged 40 to 67 were followed up 20 ...
García-Ortiz Luis - - 2013
The relationship between regular physical activity, measured objectively and by self-report, and the circadian pattern of 24-hour ambulatory arterial blood pressure (BP) has not been clarified. We performed a cross-sectional study in a cohort of healthy patients. We included 1,345 patients from the EVIDENT study (mean age 55±14 years; 59.3% ...
Archiza Bruno - - 2013
The cardiovascular system is noticeably affected by respiration. However, whether different inspiratory resistive loading intensities can influence autonomic heart rate (HR) modulation remains unclear. The objective was to investigate HR modulation at three different inspiratory resistive loading intensities in healthy elderly men. This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study that ...
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