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Nicolas Thierry - - 2013
We present here evaluation of a new blood gas analysis system, RapidPoint 500(®) (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics). The aim of this research was to compare the ergonomics and analytical performances of this analyser with those of the RapidLab 1265 for the following parameters: pH, partial oxygen pressure, partial carbon dioxide pressure, ...
Ihm Sang-Hyun - - 2013
Central blood pressure (BP) is pathophysiologically more important than peripheral BP for the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Arterial stiffness is also a good predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The effects of benidipine, a unique dual L-/T-type calcium channel blocker, on central BP have not been reported. This study aimed ...
Zheng Ying - - 2013
Data on the epidemiology of hypertension in Chinese non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the non-dialysis CKD patients through a nationwide, multicenter study in China. The survey was performed in ...
Sneed Rodlescia S - - 2013
The purpose of the current study was to determine whether volunteerism is prospectively associated with hypertension risk among older adults. Participants provided data during the 2006 and 2010 waves of the Health and Retirement Study, a longitudinal panel survey using a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling older adults (age > ...
Crestani Filho Valmir José - - 2013
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health problem. Nevertheless there is a little data about CKD in Brazil, mainly in its non-dialytic stages. To know about demographic, clinical and laboratory features of patients with CKD non-dialytic, and evaluate the impact of these variables on disease progression. A retrospective ...
Hulasare Rajshekhar - - 2013
The efficacy of low-oxygen atmospheres using low pressure, referred to as hypobaric conditions, to kill egg and third-instar Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh) in apples was investigated. Infested apples were exposed to 3.33 and 6.67 kPa in glass jars at 25 and 30 degrees C for times ranging from 3 to 120 ...
Djindjić Natasa - - 2013
Occupational stress is a term used to define ongoing stress that is related to the workplace. The study was conducted to determine association of occupational stress index (OSI) and its aspects with arterial hypertension and lipid disorders using data from a cross-sectional survey of male professional drivers. The cross-sectional study ...
Carrico Robert J - - 2013
Because of the paucity of serial blood pressure data on the same individuals, little is known about the accuracy of elevated blood pressure (BP) in childhood for predicting hypertension (HBP) later in life. The availability of long-term serial BP data from the Fels Longitudinal Study (FLS) presents the opportunity to ...
Gama Helena - - 2013
To assess the determinants of the lack of pharmacological treatment for hypertension. In 2005, 3,323 Mozambicans aged 25-64 years old were evaluated. Blood pressure, weight, height and smoking status were assessed following the Stepwise Approach to Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance. Hypertensives (systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic ...
Charan Jaykaran - - 2013
Wald and law in their landmark paper published in BMJ in 2003 hypothesized that the use of fixed dose combination of statins, beta blockers, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACE) inhibitor, and aspirin (Pollypill) may decrease cardiovascular disease by >80% if Pollypills are used as primary prevention. Many clinical trials were started to ...
McMasters Kim L KL Chiropractor, Private Practice, McMasters Chiropractic Center, Asheboro, - - 2013
The purpose of this preliminary study was to determine if a course of chiropractic care would change blood pressure measurements in African American patients and to determine if a study was feasible in a chiropractic teaching clinic. Twenty-four African American patients received chiropractic care in a chiropractic teaching clinic over ...
Takagi Daisuke D Department of Physiological Sciences for Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation Sciences, Seirei Christopher University ; Department of Physical Therapy, Health Science - - 2013
[Purpose] High resting blood pressure and heart rate are associated with the risk of cardiovascular events. In patients with decreasing amounts of slow twitch muscle fiber, hypertension may develop and resting heart rate may increase. Measurement of the amount of slow twitch muscle fiber and capillary density using muscle biopsy ...
Na Jin Oh JO Cardiovascular Center, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
It has been shown that administration of lacidipine markedly reduces systolic blood pressure in elderly patients with hypertension without increasing the incidence of cardiovascular events and total mortality. But in Korea, there were no available data about the effectiveness and safety of lacidipine. The goal of our study was to ...
Fares Auda - - 2013
Hypertension exhibits a winter peak and summer trough in countries both north and south of the equator. A variety of explanations have been proposed to account for the seasonal nature of hypertension. It is likely that this reflects seasonal variations in risk factors. Seasonal variations have been demonstrated in a ...
Seymour Christopher W CW Department of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2013
Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel commonly use systolic blood pressure (sBP) to triage and treat acutely ill patients. The definition of prehospital hypotension and its associated outcomes are poorly defined. The authors sought to determine the discrimination of prehospital sBP thresholds for 30-day mortality and to compare patient classification by ...
Stewart O O College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2013
There has been substantial debate about the contribution of religious practices to alleviating hypertension with some established evidence among African American. However, Buddhist settings, there has been limited studies of effect of religion on blood pressure reduction. To determine the effectiveness of a Buddhist temple-based education programme on blood pressure ...
Cooper Jessica A JA Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, - - 2013
We examined the relationship between pressure and age-related changes in decision-making using a task for which currently available rewards depend on the participant's previous history of choices. Optimal responding in this task requires the participant to learn how his or her current choices affect changes in the future rewards given ...
Okin Peter M - - 2013
Aim. To determine if persistence of electrocardiographic (ECG) left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) during aggressive systolic blood pressure (SBP) lowering would identify patients at increased risk. Methods and results. Adjudicated outcomes were examined in relation to the presence of LVH by mean in-treatment Cornell product (CP) in 463 hypertensive patients with ...
Calhoun David A - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of once-daily triple therapy with amlodipine (Aml) 10 mg, valsartan (Val) 320 mg, and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 25 mg versus dual-therapy combinations of these components in patients with moderate to severe hypertension. Research design: Subgroup analysis of a multinational, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, ...
Barker D D MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, UK. - - 2013
A small placental surface at birth has been shown to be associated with the development of hypertension in later life. In this study we extend this observation by looking at the relationship between the number of placental cotyledons and blood pressure in childhood. Because the number of cotyledons is correlated ...
Ono Yoshihisa - - 2013
AIM:  We investigated the neonatal outcome in chronically hypertensive patients with controlled hypertension, uncontrollable hypertension, or superimposed pre-eclampsia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 120 patients who had chronic hypertension and were divided into three groups for which the perinatal and neonatal outcomes were retrospectively compared: pre-eclampsia superimposed on chronic ...
Volman Servio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Western countries, and disease control is of major relevance in order to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Different approaches have shown efficacy, and one of the proven therapies for HTN control is the blockade of the ...
Eckert Siegfried - - 2013
Objectives. In this study, the effectiveness of amlodipine/valsartan single-pill combination was assessed in hypertensive patients with diabetes, metabolic risk or overweight. Methods. Data from 12,265 patients treated with amlodipine/valsartan from three studies were analyzed in a meta-analysis. These studies focused on (i) non-diabetic hypertensive patients suffering from abdominal obesity; (ii) ...
Winchester David E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Angina and hypertension are common in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD); however, the effect on mortality is unclear. We conducted this prespecified analysis of the International Verapamil/Trandolapril Study (INVEST) to assess relationships between angina, blood pressure (BP), and mortality among elderly, hypertensive CAD patients. HYPOTHESIS: Angina and elevated ...
Anderson Craig S CS George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2013
Whether rapid lowering of elevated blood pressure would improve the outcome in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage is not known. We randomly assigned 2839 patients who had had a spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage within the previous 6 hours and who had elevated systolic blood pressure to receive intensive treatment to lower their ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2013
The prognostic value of white coat hypertension (WCH) is still debated. In 2051 subjects representative of the general population of Monza, we measured office, ambulatory, and home blood pressure (BP). The risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality was assessed over 16 years in normotensive, sustained hypertensive, and WCH subjects, the ...
Kim Dae Hyun - - 2013
Animal studies and small controlled studies in humans suggest that adiponectin may regulate blood pressure via brain-mediated and endothelium-mediated mechanisms. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the epidemiological evidence on plasma adiponectin levels and hypertension in free-living adult population. A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE, up ...
van der Hoeven N W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Well-developed collaterals provide survival benefit in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Therefore, in this study we sought to determine which clinical variables are associated with arteriogenesis. DESIGN: Clinical and laboratory variables were collected before percutaneous coronary intervention. Multivariate analysis was performed to determine which variables are associated ...
Asmar Ali - - 2013
PURPOSE: Immigration from a Third-World society to a Western society can be associated with higher blood pressure and salt sensitivity. We therefore tested whether immigrants from Afghanistan to Denmark compared with non-immigrant Danes exhibit a (i) higher 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (24-h ABP) and (ii) blunted renin response to a ...
Sobenin Igor A - - 2013
To examine whether the heteroplasmy level for 15059G>A mutation in the mitochondrial genome might be associated with essential hypertension. This cross-sectional study involved 196 unrelated participants randomly selected from general population (90 males and 106 females) who underwent a regular medical check-up at the Institute for Atherosclerosis Research (Moscow, Russia). ...
Salvi Paolo - - 2013
The significant reduction in cardiovascular mortality in the second half of the 20th century, due to an effective battle against high blood pressure, may be considered one of the greatest medical success stories of the past century. However, several epidemiological and clinical studies have recently highlighted that the single acquisition ...
Mallamaci Francesca - - 2013
'Usual' blood pressure (BP) levels are known to be directly related to cardiovascular (CV) risk in the general population and patients with essential hypertension. However, there is increasing evidence that, apart from usual BP, BP variability across visits may also be an important risk factor for death and CV events ...
Ogah Okechukwu S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hypertension was once considered rare in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), but currently it has become a widespread problem with immense socioeconomic importance. The purpose of this review is to summarise new information on hypertension in SSA that has been published since the last major review in 2008. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
van der Walt Carel - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and vascular hyperresponsiveness have been associated with structural wall abnormalities in black Africans. Whether low grade inflammation would have an additive effect is uncertain. Therefore, a novel investigation aimed to assess whether inflammation and pressure overload would have an additive association with ECG left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: ...
Rifkin Dena E - - 2013
Although hypertension contributes to kidney dysfunction in the general population, the contributions of elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP) to kidney function decline in community-dwelling older adults are unknown. We used linear and logistic regression to examine the separate and combined associations of ...
Dave Gaurav J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Few studies have comprehensively investigated the validity of self-reported hypertension (HTN) and assessed predictors of HTN status in the stroke belt. This study evaluates validity self-reporting as a tool to screen large study populations and determine predictors of congruency between self-reported HTN and clinical measures. METHODS: Community Initiative to ...
Hsiao Shih-Hung - - 2013
AIMS: The power of left atrial (LA) parameters for predicting adverse events in relatively low-risk groups is not fully understood. This study investigated whether the LA expansion index predicts heart failure (HF) and all-cause mortality in subjects with dyspnoea. METHODS AND RESULTS: Echocardiography was performed to identify causes of dypnoea ...
Kintscher Ulrich - - 2013
Arterial hypertension is among the leading global risks for mortality, being responsible for 9.4 million deaths in 2010. The reason for this enormous burden has been documented in multiple studies. Hypertension is strongly associated with overall cardiovascular risk. Increased blood pressure contributes to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular endpoints, such as myocardial ...
van den Meiracker Anton H - - 2013
Hypertension is an extremely common condition and quantitatively the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Cardiovascular risk factors other than hypertension occur more frequently in hypertensive subjects and contribute to the elevated cardiovascular risk. Management of hypertensive subjects includes lifestyle modification and, usually, treatment with antihypertensive agents. ...
Waeber Bernard - - 2013
The persistence of high blood pressure under antihypertensive treatment (resistant hypertension) entails an increased cardiovascular risk. It occurs in three of ten treated hypertensive patients, and has several possible contributing factors, notably insufficient therapeutic adherence. There are a number of ways to evaluate whether patients take their medication as prescribed. ...
Klein Diana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Falls are one of the major health problems in old people. Different risk factors were identified but only few epidemiological studies analysed the influence of conventionally measured blood pressure on falls. The objective of our study was to investigate the relationship between systolic and diastolic blood pressure and falls. ...
Gosse Philippe - - 2013
Several studies have established that the increase in arterial stiffness (AS) is a cardiovascular risk factor but to date no studies have evaluated in hypertensive patients its prognostic value in comparison with another powerful risk factor, left ventricular mass (LVM) as measured by echocardiography. We prospectively evaluated the prognostic value ...
Zhao Wenhui - - 2013
OBJECTIVEBlood pressure control can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) among diabetic patients; however, it is not known whether the lowest risk of CHD is among diabetic patients with the lowest blood pressure level.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSWe performed a prospective cohort study (2000-2009) on diabetic patients including 17,536 ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2013
The relationship between circadian blood pressure (BP) variations and the extent of subclinical cardiac organ damage is still debated. In a general population, we investigated the association of night-to-day BP fall, as well as nocturnal BP level (mean and lowest values), with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and the value of ...
Matsumura Kiyoshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It has not been fully elucidated whether antihypertensive medication adherence affects blood pressure control in hypertension cases. AIM: To investigate the association of adherence to antihypertensive-drug regimens and blood pressure control using data from the COMFORT study (Combination Pill of Losartan Potassium and Hydrochlorothiazide for Improvement of Medication Compliance ...
Gothardo Ana C L O - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of the oscillometric blood pressure section in the DX 2020 Dixtal multiparametric monitor in adults according to the European Society of Hypertension-International Protocol as revised in 2010 (ESH-IP 2010). METHODS: The blood pressure was sequentially verified in 33 individuals ...
Dawson Jesse J Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, Western Infirmary, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2013
Uric acid may have a role in the development of hypertension and renal dysfunction. We explored the relationship among longitudinal blood pressure, renal function, and cardiovascular outcomes in a large cohort of patients with treated hypertension. We used data from the Glasgow Blood Pressure Clinic database. Patients with a baseline ...
Martin Catherine A - - 2013
AIM: A number of studies have examined if WCHT is associated with increased cardiovascular risk but with definitions of WCHT that were not sufficiently robust, and results have been inconsistent. This review aims to standardise the evidence by only including studies which used a definition of WCHT consistent with international ...
Santos Mickael C - - 2013
The application of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) in winemaking for substitution of the use of sulphur dioxide is still at a very early stage of development, since knowledge about the effect on physicochemical and sensorial characteristics of the wine during storage is very scarce. In this work, the evolution of ...
Stewart Christine P - - 2013
Abstract Background: Chronic disease begins early in life, yet population data are sparse on potential causal factors in children and young adults in South Asia. Methods: We assessed risk factors for chronic disease in two population cohorts, aged 9-23 years, in rural Nepal. Assessed variables included short height (less than ...
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