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Dluholucký Svetozár S The Slovak Medical University in Bratislava, Faculty of Health, Banská Bystrica, Slovakia. - - 2013
The broad spectrum of extraosseal functions of vitamin D has recently been investigated. Although majority of recent studies have documented its hypotensive effect, some older studies warrant the risk of development the juvenile hypertension namely after pulse-fortified D vitamin supplementation during infancy. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Turchi F F Division of Endocrinology, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ospedali Riuniti "Umberto I-G.M. Lancisi-G.Salesi", Via Conca 71, Ancona 60126, Italy; Department of Diabetology and Endocrinology, Asur Marche Area Vasta 1, S. Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Urbino, - - 2013
Primary aldosteronism (PA), the most frequent form of secondary hypertension, is characterized by a higher rate of cardiovascular (CV) events than essential hypertension (EH). Aim of the study was to evaluate the cardiovascular risk according to the ESH/ESC 2007 guidelines, in patients with PA and with EH, at diagnosis and ...
Fuchs Sandra C - - 2013
The available, albeit rare, evidence indicates the superiority of home- over office blood pressure monitoring (HBPM vs OBP) to predict cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. We performed a systematic review to update the efficacy of HBPM vs OBP as predictors of all-cause mortality, CV death, and target organ damage. Two reviewers independently ...
Lovic Dragan - - 2013
Arterial hypertension (AH) is the most common cardiovascular disease risk factor, affecting between 30 and 50% of the adult population in developed countries. A steady increase of the prevalence of AH by about 60% is expected by year 2025. Serbian Society of Hypertension conducted a prevalence study from February to ...
Jickling Glen C - - 2013
Physicians, patients, and families rely on clinical factors associated with stroke mortality to guide decisions of care and set goals of medical therapy. However, these factors, including age and baseline neurologic impairment, are at best imperfect predictors and additional prognostic tools are needed.(1) Biomarkers such as B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) ...
Rahma Muayad S - - 2013
Several epidemiologic studies have reported that exposure to noise is associated with cardiovascular disease. The increased body weight is often associated with metabolic as well as increased blood pressure. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the elevation of blood pressure and serum leptin hormones due ...
Zhu Ding-Liang - - 2013
Hypertension is an important issue in Asia, responsible for up to 66% of cardiovascular disease cases. This randomized controlled trial subgroup analysis compared telmisartan 80 mg (T80)/hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg (H25) singlepill combination with T80 monotherapy, specifically in Chinese and Korean patients. Patients with grade 2/3 hypertension were randomized to receive ...
Howard-Thompson Amanda - - 2013
Only 23% of patients are meeting all goals for cardiovascular complications of diabetes. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the effect of a pharmacist-physician collaboration on attainment of cardiovascular-related goals in patients with type 2 diabetes. This prospective, multicenter cohort enrolled patients from 7 practice sites that were ...
Fan Li-Chi - - 2013
Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is one of the major manifestations of systemic atherosclerosis and plays an important role in low-extremity amputation in type 2 diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and risk factors for asymptomatic PAD in type 2 diabetic community residents. Methods: ...
Britton John Robert JR Centre for Conservation Ecology and Environmental Science, School of Applied Sciences, Bournemouth University, Poole BH12 5BB, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Ecological theory on biological invasions attempts to characterize the predictors of invasion success and the relative importance of the different drivers of population establishment. An outstanding question is how propagule pressure determines the probability of population establishment, where propagule pressure is the number of individuals of a species introduced into ...
Zuijdwijk Caroline C Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ottawa, - - 2013
The diagnosis of hypertension is often unrecognized in the general paediatric and type 1 diabetes populations. Reference to a simple blood pressure table has been proposed as a screening tool for the identification of abnormal paediatric blood pressure. This simple table lists one cut-off blood pressure value for each sex ...
Moreno Gerardo G Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common chronic conditions in older adults and is often accompanied by comorbidities and geriatric syndromes. The management of cardiovascular disease risk factors in older adults with DM is important to clinicians. The literature was reviewed from 2002 to 2012 to ...
Pöss Janine - - 2013
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with hypertension; however, it is unclear whether vitamin D influences therapeutic blood pressure reduction. Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) reduces blood pressure in resistant hypertension. We hypothesized that vitamin D might influence blood pressure response to RDN. Vitamin D was measured in 101 patients with resistant ...
Arguedas Jose Agustin - - 2013
When treating elevated blood pressure (BP), doctors often want to know what blood pressure target they should try to achieve. The standard blood pressure target in clinical practice for some time has been less than 140 - 160/90 - 100 mmHg for the general population of people with elevated blood ...
Anyaegbu Elizabeth I EI Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Driscoll Children's Hospital, College of Medicine, Texas A&M University, 3533 South Alameda Street, Corpus Christi, TX 78411, - - 2014
Over the last two decades, essential hypertension has become common in adolescents, yet remains under-diagnosed in absence of symptoms. Diagnosis is based on normative percentiles that factor in age, sex and height. Evaluation is more similar to adult essential hypertension than childhood secondary hypertension. Modifiable risk factors such as obesity, ...
Kwon Hyuk Sung - - 2013
White matter lesions (WMLs) are a common finding in stroke patients, and the most important risk factors are old age and hypertension. Although many studies have described the association between WMLs and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) parameters in healthy subjects and hypertensive patients, little is known about the association ...
Ma Wenjun - - 2013
The rate of resistant hypertension in China is unknown. This is an analysis of resistant hypertension based on Hypertension Optimal Treatment Study in China. The study was conducted in 148 cities in mainland China from April 2001 to February 2002, which included 54 590 hypertensive patients (≥18 years of age), and ...
Peng Yongde - - 2013
This expert consensus proposed by the Chinese Society of Endocrinology (CSE) updates concepts on hypertension management in patients with diabetes. It focuses on clinical outcomes literature just published and in press within the last 5 years and incorporates these new observations into modifications of established guidelines. The complications and mortality ...
Yang Qiang - - 2013
Abstract Hypertension is considered as a chronic and complex disease relating to multiple systemic systems. Apart from lowering blood pressure, the final purpose of the treatment lies in reducing the variability of blood pressure and other risk factors. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history of treating hypertension. This ...
He Jiang - - 2013
-Blood pressure (BP) responses to dietary sodium and potassium intervention and cold pressor test (CPT) vary considerably among individuals. We aimed to identify novel genetic variants influencing individuals' BP responses to dietary intervention and CPT. -We conducted a genome-wide association study of BP responses in 1,881 Han Chinese and de ...
Tse Lurdes - - 2013
Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are associated with significant comorbid metabolic abnormalities. Adjunct medications may be prescribed to treat these metabolic side effects, but the evidence supporting this practice (especially for the management of antipsychotic-associated dyslipidemia and hypertension) is limited. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effects of adjunct ...
Allen Baxter B - - 2013
Evidence-based traumatic brain injury guidelines support cerebral perfusion pressure thresholds for adults at a class 2 level, but evidence is lacking in younger patients. The purpose of this study is to identify the impact of age-specific cerebral perfusion pressure thresholds on short-term survival among patients with severe traumatic brain injury. ...
Malyszko Jolanta - - 2013
The blood pressure J-curve discussion has been ongoing for more than 30 years, yet there are still questions in need of definitive answers. On one hand, existing antihypertensive therapy studies provide strong evidence for J-curve-shaped relationships between both diastolic and systolic blood pressure and primary outcomes in the general hypertensive patient ...
Moura Rafaela do Socorro Souza E Silva - - 2013
In patients with systemic hypertension, microalbuminuria is a marker of endothelial damage and is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. To determine the factors that may lead to the occurrence of microalbuminuria in hypertensive patients with serum creatinine lower than 1.5 mg/dL. This cross-sectional study included 133 Brazilians ...
Ando Katsuyuki - - 2013
Dietary salt consumption is closely associated with the level of blood pressure (BP); stricter salt reduction more markedly decreased BP. Obesity/metabolic syndrome, Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, exercise and mental stress influence the BP-elevating effect of high-salt diet. Observational and intervention studies suggested that salt restriction improved the ...
Lackland Daniel T - - 2013
Hypertension treatment and control efforts represent a major component of primary care with dedicated clinical guidelines and recommendations. However, high blood pressure (BP) control rates are complicated with the difficult to treat and resistant hypertensive patients. This category of patient, therefore, affects the development and implementation of the clinical guidelines. ...
Maruhashi Tatsuya - - 2013
To determine the relationships between flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and cardiovascular risk factors, and to evaluate confounding factors for measurement of FMD in a large general population in Japan. This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 5314 Japanese adults recruited from people who underwent health screening from 1 April 2010 ...
Chen Guofang - - 2013
The prognostic significance of subarachnoid extension of intracerebral hemorrhage was determined in the INTEnsive blood pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral hemorrhage Trial (INTERACT2) study. INTERACT2 was an open randomized controlled trial of early intensive compared with guideline-recommended blood pressure lowering in patients with elevated systolic blood pressure within 6 hours ...
Chen Chao-Ting - - 2013
It is unclear at what time-window of the day blood pressure (BP) is most closely associated with cerebrovascular damage. In this cross-sectional study, we examined the strength of association between intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) and systolic BP (SBP) across different time-windows using 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring in 757 consecutively recruited ...
Egan Brent M - - 2013
Pre-hypertension, defined as blood pressure 120-139/80-89 mmHg, affects ~70 million people in the US. Blood pressures in the upper half of the pre-hypertensive range are linked with roughly threefold greater risk of incident hypertension than normal blood pressure <120/<80 mmHg, with an incidence rate of 8-20 % annually. Blood pressures in the upper ...
Dorobanţu Maria - - 2013
To present the current epidemiologic situation regarding hypertension's prevalence and control in Romania's adult population (revealed by SEPHAR II survey results) and to evaluate their tendency during the last 7 years (by comparing with the SEPHAR I survey results). The two SEPHAR cross-sectional national surveys were conducted on a representative ...
Dong-Qing Zhao - - 2013
Objective. Cigarette smoking has been confirmed as a factor influencing arterial blood pressure. In the present study, we studied whether cigarette smoking habits were still associated with arterial blood pressure among Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians. Methods. The present study analyzed data from a survey conducted on all residents aged 90 years or ...
Rosanoff Andrea - - 2013
Previously, we examined 44 human studies involving oral magnesium (Mg) supplementation for hypertension (HT), sorting them according to HT status, Mg dose and anti-hypertensive medication usage. We found that while some studies reported a significant lowering of blood pressure with Mg supplementation, others did not. We present here our first ...
Sun Yanxiang - - 2013
The autoantibodies against angiotensin AT1 receptors (AT1-AAs) in patients with essential hypertension exhibited an agonistic action like angiotensin II and maintained high blood pressure (BP). Angiotensin II receptor gene (AGTR1) polymorphisms were associated with BP response to RAS inhibition in the hypertensive population. Furthermore, the BP response to AT1 receptor ...
Takahashi Courtney E - - 2013
General anesthesia (GA) for acute stroke interventions may be associated with inferior functional outcomes. Our goal was to identify physiologic parameters that mediate this association. Consecutive patients treated at our institution between August 2007 and December 2010 were identified from a prospective database. Clinical data were then extracted by retrospective ...
García-Fernández Francisco Pedro - - 2013
To review the risk factors included in pressure ulcer risk assessment scales and construct a theoretical model for identifying the etiological factors of skin ulcers, excluding those of systemic origin (e.g., venous, arterial, and neuropathic). Consensus study with expert panel (Delphi Method) based on a structured review of the literature. ...
de Menezes Tarciana Nobre - - 2013
Self-reported information has been used as an easy and quick method to estimate the prevalence of systemic hypertension in populations. However, verification of whether self-reports of the disease are consistent with clinical diagnosis is essential for proper use of this information. This study aimed to verify the validity and concordance ...
Fan Ju-Sing - - 2013
To determine whether on-scene BP is associated with early neurological deterioration (END) in patients with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (SICH). This retrospective cohort study enrolled consecutive ambulance-transported adult SICH patients treated at our emergency department (ED) from January 2007 through December 2012. END was defined as a ≥2-point decrease in GCS ...
Ross Katherine L - - 2013
Publically accessible blood pressure monitors are widely used, but little information is available on their accuracy. We compared blood pressure readings of 17 drug store monitors with those obtained using a validated home monitor (Omron BP742CAN) and both with those taken at home using the Canadian Hypertension Education Program protocol. ...
Tsukamoto Tetsuro T Department of Neurology, Numazu Rehabilitation Hospital 2510-22 Kamikanuki-mandagahara, Numazu, Shizuoka-ken, 410-0813, - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) abnormalities have been known in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. The present study aimed at determining how the BPs of PD patients fluctuate in a day. A total of 37 PD patients and 44 OD (other disease) patients, all of who were inpatients, were monitored every 30 min ...
Márquez-Contreras Emilio - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To assess non-compliance (NC) and therapeutic inertia (TI) after 6 months of follow-up in hypertensive patients with poorly-controlled blood pressure and high cardiovascular risk. Research design and methods. Longitudinal, multicentre study. 3900 uncontrolled hypertensive patients were recruited from 585 primary healthcare centres. Tablets were counted during visits at ...
Takagi Hisato - - 2013
Although there have been a number of azilsartan trials, no meta-analysis of the findings has been conducted to date. We performed the first meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of azilsartan therapy for the reduction of blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension. MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of ...
Barochiner Jessica - - 2013
Postprandial hypotension (PPH) is a frequently under-recognized entity associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of PPH detected through home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) is unknown. To determine the prevalence and clinical predictors of PPH in hypertensive patients assessed through HBPM. Hypertensive patients of 18 years or older underwent ...
Lama Tamang Tsering Gyalpo - - 2013
Data are limited regarding the adequacy of risk factor control and adherence to recommended therapies among adults with heart failure (HF). We evaluated the adequacy of risk factor control and adherence to recommended pharmacologic therapies among non-institutionalized US adults with HF. We examined data from US adults aged 18 years and ...
Losito Attilio - - 2013
In patients chronically treated with hemodialysis, the prevalence of heart failure is high with a consequently poor prognosis. The role played by blood pressure (BP) on cardiovascular (CV) mortality of these patients has not been clearly defined. In this follow-up study, we investigated the relationship of pre- and postdialysis measurements ...
Haiden Anton - - 2013
Previous studies have suggested that systolic and diastolic heart failure is associated with alterations of left ventricular ejection time index (LVETI). We sought to examine the relation of LVETI to mortality in an elderly population. We prospectively enrolled 852 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization for suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) in ...
Bjelakovic Bojko - - 2013
Clinical implications of blood pressure variability (BPV) on subclinical organ damage in children are unknown. The authors sought to explore the potential utility of two newly derived BPV indices: weighted standard deviation (wBPSD) and real average variability (ARV), as well as two standard ambulatory blood pressure indices: average 24-hour systolic ...
Gerber Linda M - - 2013
Object In spite of evidence that use of the Brain Trauma Foundation Guidelines for the Management of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (Guidelines) would dramatically reduce morbidity and mortality, adherence to these Guidelines remains variable across trauma centers. The authors analyzed 2-week mortality due to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) from ...
Stamler Jeremiah J Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 680 N Lake Shore Dr, Suite 1400, Chicago, IL 60611. - - 2013
Black compared with non-Hispanic white Americans have higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure and rates of prehypertension/hypertension. Reasons for these adverse findings remain obscure. Analyses here focused on relations of foods/nutrients/urinary metabolites and higher black blood pressure for 369 black compared with 1190 non-Hispanic white Americans aged 40 to 59 ...
Coll-de-Tuero Gabriel - - 2013
There is no agreement on the systematic exploration of the fundus oculi (FO) in hypertensive patients, and it is unknown whether the evolution of retinal microcirculatory alterations has prognostic value or not. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the evolution of the arteriole-to-venule ratio (AVR) in newly-diagnosed ...
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