Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 3642
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Lee Jang Hoon - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the association between serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and incident hypertension. Study subjects were 452 Koreans who were enrolled in a cohort study. Log-transformed hs-CRP (odds ratio, 1.89; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-3.39; p = 0.035) was an independent predictor of incident hypertension. Inclusion ...
Harrison Teresa N - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a telephonic outreach program to improve blood pressure (BP) control among patients with hypertension. The authors identified adults 18 years and older with uncontrolled BP within the previous 12 months. Patients received either an automated telephone call advising them to have ...
Hata J Steven - - 2013
PURPOSE Methods to optimize positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remain controversial despite decades of research. The pressure-volume curve (PVC), a graphical ventilator relationship, has been proposed for prescription of PEEP in ARDS. Whether the use of PVC's improves survival remains unclear. METHODS In this systematic ...
Määttä Kirsi - - 2013
The rs41318021 polymorphism in the SLC7A1 gene affects endothelial NO production through changes in L-arginine transport. This variation could thus hypothetically cause dysfunction of endothelium and lead to hypertension. The association of rs41318021 with hypertension was therefore studied in a Finnish cohort. A total of 412 hypertensive cases and 771 ...
Cheng Hao-Min HM Joanna Briggs Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia; Department of Medical Research and Education, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Cardiovascular Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, - - 2013
This study sought to derive and validate outcome-driven thresholds of central blood pressure (CBP) for diagnosing hypertension. Current guidelines for managing patients with hypertension mainly rely on blood pressure (BP) measured at brachial arteries (cuff BP). However, BP measured at the central aorta (central BP [CBP]) may be a better ...
Kleman Mark - - 2013
Pseudohypertension has been described as a cause of resistant hypertension, due to medial hypertrophy of the artery from atherosclerosis. This phenomenon results in an elevated cuff pressure compared with intra-arterial measurements and is found primarily in populations with advanced age and atherosclerotic disease. The purpose of this review was to ...
Gifford Katherine A - - 2013
Hypertension has adverse effects on cognition, can alter cerebral vasculature integrity, and is associated with the pathogenesis of dementia. Using meta-analysis, we correlated blood pressure to multiple cognitive domains among older adults free of clinical stroke and dementia. We identified 230 studies indexed in PubMed and PsycINFO relating blood pressure ...
Erdogan Dogan - - 2013
Failure to decrease blood pressure (BP) normally during nighttime (non-dipping) in hypertension is associated with higher cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In addition, non-dipping BP is associated with increased platelet activity and inflammatory response; however, there has been no study to evaluate the relationship of non-dipping BP to indices of platelet ...
Levine Alexander R - - 2013
Persistent low-level hypotension represents a barrier to discharging patients from the intensive care unit (ICU). Midodrine may be an effective adjunct to wean intravenous (IV) vasopressors and permit ICU discharge. We tested the hypothesis that midodrine, given to patients on IV vasopressors who otherwise met ICU discharge criteria, increased the ...
Zaloszyc Ariane - - 2013
Hypertension is frequent in chronic hemodialyzed patients and usually treated by reducing extracellular fluid. Probing dry weight only based on a clinical evaluation may be hazardous, especially in case of volume independent hypertension. We performed a 1-year retrospective study in three pediatric centers to define the relation between blood pressure ...
Tanaka Satoru - - 2013
Microalbuminuria is a marker of cardiovascular events. This study investigated the prevalence of microalbuminuria in the general population and the factors that can affect urinary excretion of albumin. Apparently healthy subjects who participated in a health checkup at our hospital were enrolled in this study (n = 7963, male 64.0%, ...
Erdine Serap - - 2013
Hypertension is associated with high mortality and morbidity that will increase if hypertension is left untreated. Treatment adherence is crucial in blood pressure control, and monitoring patient adherence is essential to the successful management of hypertension, since nonadherence is associated with poor prognosis. There are both direct and indirect methods ...
Tomasik Tomasz - - 2013
Prevalence of hypertension is rising with aging and current evidence shows that most of the elderly benefit from proper antihypertensive therapy. To support physicians in everyday care provided to elderly patients with hypertension a new guidelines were issued in Poland at the end of last year. The guidelines are being ...
Merchant Nadya - - 2013
We evaluated the efficacy of amlodipine and olmesartan (A/O; Azor) versus losartan and hydrochlorothiazide (L/H; Hyzaar), on changes in serum and urine biomarkers of inflammation and oxidation, neutrophil reactive oxygen species generation, and changes in systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, and heart rate as measured with 24 hours ambulatory BP ...
Ivanovic Branislava - - 2013
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide. Risk factors are rarely seen individually, and the 2 most common and most frequently associated risk factors are hypertension and dyslipidemia (DL). Studies conducted in different parts of the world uniquely point out insufficient efficacy of hypertension and DL treatment, which ...
Okada Hiroshi - - 2013
Recent studies have suggested that variability in the systolic blood pressure (SBP) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between variability in the SBP and the progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC), which is a useful marker for CVD. ...
Brambilla Gianmaria - - 2013
Scanty information is available on the clinical characteristics of resistant hypertension in Central and East European countries. The Blood Pressure (BP) control rate and CArdiovascular Risk profilE (BP-CARE) study allowed us to assess the prevalence and the main clinical features of resistant hypertension in this population. The study was carried ...
Guillot Mailys - - 2013
The impact of sleep-related breathing disorders on the incidence of arterial hypertension (AHT) in the older adults is not well-established. The aim of our study was to test the link between severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the occurrence of hypertension in older subjects after 3years. 372 normotensive subjects with ...
Vaes Anouk W - - 2013
Abstract Aim. This review evaluated the effects of activity monitor-based counseling on physical activity (PA) and generic and disease-specific health-related outcomes in adults with diabetes mellitus type II (DMII), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods. Four electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials using ...
Egan Brent M - - 2013
Hypertension doubles coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Treating hypertension only reduces CHD risk ≈25%. Treating hypercholesterolemia in hypertensive patients reduces residual CHD risk >35%. To assess progress in concurrent hypertension and hypercholesterolemia control, National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1988 to 1994, 1999 to 2004, and 2005 to 2010 were ...
Normia J - - 2013
To prospectively study how the early nutritional environment can programme blood pressure in a well-nourished population of children. By means of multivariate modelling, we assessed whether gestational and post-natal dietary intakes and growth influence childhood blood pressure programming in a cohort of 109 healthy mother-child pairs. They had been followed ...
Gitt Anselm K - - 2013
Arterial hypertension is highly prevalent but poorly controlled. Blood pressure (BP) reduction substantially reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recent randomized, double-blind clinical trials demonstrated that azilsartan medoxomil (AZM) is more effective in reducing BP than the ubiquitary ACE inhibitor ramipril. Therefore, we aimed to test whether these can be verified ...
Olsen Roy Bjørkholt - - 2013
An inverse association between resting blood pressure (BP) and acute pain sensitivity is well documented. Whether BP-related hypoalgesia differs by gender is unclear from prior work. Whether it increases proportionally with BP throughout the full BP range is also unknown. We examined BP-related hypoalgesia in a general population sample (n ...
Tekçe Hikmet - - 2013
Abstract Background: Malnutrition is a common problem in uremic patients. It is unclear whether there is an association between the degree of malnutrition and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure patterns in patients undergoing hemodialysis. In the present study, we observed the relationship between the degree of malnutrition and deterioration of the ...
Stewart Onwilasini - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to test the relationship between Buddhist religious practices and blood pressure. A cross-sectional survey of Buddhist religious practices and blood pressure was conducted with 160 Buddhist elderly in rural Uttaradit, northern Thailand. After controlling for the variables of gender, status, education, salary, underlying hypertension, ...
Daley Matthew F - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Screening for hypertension in children occurs during routine care. When blood pressure (BP) is elevated in the hypertensive range, a repeat measurement within 1 to 2 weeks is recommended. The objective was to assess patterns of care after an incident elevated BP, including timing of repeat BP measurement ...
Baltaci D - - 2013
Hypertension is one of the most common causes of atherosclerosis, morbidity and mortality in adults. A total of 11 million hypertensive patients were estimated in Turkey. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, awareness and control of hypertension in Duzce and compare the current data with the ...
Tabatabaie Morteza - - 2013
Introduction. Heart disease is one of the most common reasons of death in beta-thalassemia major. A few studies have been done in children about blood pressure changes. The aim of this study was to assess hemodynamic changes by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). Materials and Methods. In this cross-sectional study, ...
Jian W X - - 2013
Introduction: Hypothyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism may be associated with hypertension and metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and blood pressure, as well as the relationship between thyroid function and insulin resistance in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. Methods: This was a ...
Drenjancevic Ines - - 2013
Different protocols of hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) are used for research purposes; however, data on the changes in blood pressure, oxidative stress and acid-base and gas status induced by various oxygenation protocols are scarce and conflicting. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an acute session of ...
Kawai Tatsuo - - 2013
To assess how visit-to-visit variability of SBP correlates with systemic atherosclerotic change and various prognoses. Visit-to-visit SBP variability correlates with cardiovascular events. However, the mechanisms underlying the impact of visit-to-visit SBP variability on prognoses are poorly understood. A total of 485 patients with essential hypertension from the Non-Invasive Atherosclerotic Evaluation ...
Diao Hung-Wen - - 2013
The shape of the oscillometric envelope is known to affect the accuracy of automatic noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) measurement devices that use the oscillometric principle to determine systolic and diastolic blood pressures. This study proposes a novel shape classification method that uses data mining techniques to determine the characteristic sequences ...
Couceiro Ricardo - - 2013
Neurally Mediated Syncope (NMS) is often cited as the most common cause of syncope. It can lead to severe consequences such as injuries, high rates of hospitalization and reduced quality of life, especially in elderly populations. Therefore, information about the syncope triggers and reflex mechanisms would be of a great ...
Porta Alberto - - 2013
Entropy-based approaches are frequently used to quantify complexity of short-term cardiovascular control from spontaneous beat-to-beat variability of heart period (HP) and systolic arterial pressure (SAP). Among these tools the ones optimizing a critical parameter such as the pattern length are receiving more and more attention. This study compares two entropy-based ...
Avolio Alberto P - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) variability is generally considered to be due to neurogenic influences on arterioles modulating peripheral resistance, as well as variations in stroke volume (SV). However, for a given change in peripheral resistance or SV, the degree of BP variability is modulated by the stiffness of large conduit arteries. ...
Misra Kumar Haraprasad - - 2013
Introduction: An increase in the Left Ventricular Mass as a result of muscle hypertrophy, has emerged as a powerful pressure independent risk factor for the cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. It is associated with a risk of death that is 3 times greater than the risk which is associated with hypertension ...
Gao Xin - - 2013
Summary: Objective: To compare associations of lipid accumulation product (LAP) and body mass index (BMI) with risk of hypertension.Methods: Demographic characteristics, blood pressure and body measurements were obtained, blood lipids and fast plasma glucose were examined, BMI and LAP were calculated for 2589 Mongolians. Multiple linear model and covariance analysis ...
Celikbilek Asuman A Department of Neurology, Baskent University Hospital, Ankara, - - 2013
Stroke, which remains the third leading cause of death after heart disease and cancer in developed countries, is a disorder causing permanent neurologic disability. Even though, hemorrhagic strokes are seen less than the ischemic type, they are more fatal. We studied the risk factors for spontaneous intra-cerebral hemorrhage (ICH) to ...
Ho Jennifer E JE Framingham Heart Study of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and Boston University School of Medicine, Framingham, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Soluble ST2 (sST2) is an emerging prognostic biomarker in patients with existing cardiovascular disease. ST2 and its ligand, interleukin-33 (IL-33), are expressed in endothelial cells, and may play an important role in the development of early atherosclerosis and vascular biology. We sought to investigate the association of sST2 and progression ...
Semlitsch Thomas - - 2013
Low physical activity has been identified as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Medical societies therefore recommend increased physical activity be part of any antihypertensive therapy. Focusing on patient-relevant outcomes such as mortality and cardiovascular events, this review was conducted to assess the long-term effects of interventions aiming at ...
Chang T I - - 2013
Visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (VTV-BPV) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events and death in the general population. We sought to determine the association of VTV-BPV with outcomes in patients on hemodialysis, using data from a National Institutes of Health-sponsored randomized trial (the HEMO study). We used the coefficient ...
Cortez-Dias Nuno - - 2013
To evaluate the influence of metabolic syndrome in the effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment and to compare it using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) (2001 and 2004), International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (AHA-NHLBI) definitions. The VALSIM (Estudo ...
McCubbin James A - - 2013
Persons with higher blood pressure have emotional dampening in some contexts. This may reflect interactive changes in central nervous system control of affect and autonomic function in the early stages of hypertension development. The purpose of this study is to determine the independence of cardiovascular emotional dampening from alexithymia to ...
Noel-Morgan Jessica - - 2013
Pulse pressure variation (PPV) has been proposed as a promising resuscitation goal, but its ability to predict fluid responsiveness has been questioned in various conditions. The purpose of this study was to assess the performance of PPV in predicting fluid responsiveness in experimental hemorrhagic shock with endotoxemia, while comparing it ...
Kabutoya Tomoyuki - - 2013
The relationships between home blood pressure (BP), masked hypertension defined by home BP, and integrated flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) response remain unclear. The authors enrolled 257 patients (mean age, 63.5 years; 51% men) who had at least one cardiovascular risk factor. FMD of the brachial artery was measured with a semiautomatic edge-detection ...
Kulkarni Hemant - - 2013
Both as a component of metabolic syndrome and as an independent entity, hypertension poses a continued challenge with regard to its diagnosis, pathogenesis, and treatment. Previous studies have documented connections between hypertension and indicators of lipid metabolism. Novel technologies, such as plasma lipidomic profiling, promise a better understanding of disorders ...
Chen Xiao - - 2013
Cadmium exposure may be associated with high risk of hypertension. But inconsistent results have been reported. In this study, the association of blood pressure (BP) with blood cadmium (BCd) and the possible influencing factors were investigated. A total of 181 persons (71 men and 110 women) living near a cadmium ...
Lv Jicheng - - 2013
Recent guidelines suggest lowering the target blood pressure for patients with chronic kidney disease, although the strength of evidence for this suggestion has been uncertain. We sought to assess the renal and cardiovascular effects of intensive blood pressure lowering in people with chronic kidney disease. We performed a systematic review ...
Ikäheimo Tiina M - - 2013
Exposure to cold weather increases blood pressure (BP) and may aggravate the symptoms and influence the prognosis of subjects with a diagnosis of hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that subjects with hypertension alone or in combination with another cardiovascular disease (CVD) experience cold-related cardiorespiratory symptoms more commonly than persons without ...
Plichart Matthieu - - 2013
Home blood pressure measurement (HBPM) is recommended by guidelines for hypertension management. However, this method might be difficult to use in elderly individuals with cognitive disorders. Our aim was to assess the agreement and the feasibility of HBPM by a relative as compared with 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) ...
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