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Jiang Bin B 1] Department of Neuroepidemiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China [2] Beijing Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyse high blood pressure detection, management, control and associated factors among residents accessing community health services (CHSs) in Beijing. We screened for HBP in 9524 individuals aged 50 years or older who accessed care in four Beijing CHSs. Among the 9397 residents with ...
Therrien J F - - 2014
Predation has been suggested to be especially important in simple food webs and less productive ecosystems such as the arctic tundra, but very few data are available to evaluate this hypothesis. We examined the hypothesis that avian predators could drive the population dynamics of two cyclic lemming species in the ...
Dumbravă Emilia-Lidia - - 2014
Orthostatic intolerance syndrome is an important issue, having multiple etiologies and being the result of an inadequate response to changing in body position, namely the transition from supine to standing, a process that causes a series of responses regulated by the autonomic nervous system. The aim of this study was ...
Hashishin Takeshi T Joining and Welding Research Institute, Osaka University, 11-1, Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047, - - 2014
The mass production of highly dense oxides with high-temperature and high-pressure phases allows us to discover functional properties that have never been developed. To date, the quenching of highly dense materials at the gramme-level at ambient atmosphere has never been achieved. Here, we provide evidence of the formation of orthorhombic ...
Maric-Bilkan Christine C Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, - - 2014
Arterial blood pressure levels and the prevalence of hypertension are generally lower in premenopausal women compared with age-matched men. The lower blood pressure levels in premenopausal women are associated with a lower risk of the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. In contrast, menopause, a state characterized by a physiologic ...
Lakshman Arjun A 0000-0001-8915-2382 Govt. Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala 673008, - - 2014
Background. Hypertension is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hypertension in a population of male bus drivers in North Kerala, India. Methods. The study population included male bus drivers of Corporation Bus stand Kozhikode, Kerala. Blood pressure, height, and weight of ...
Sun Zhaoqing Z Division of Cardiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, P.R. - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the differences in the incidence of hypertension and associated risk factors between Mongolian and Han populations in northeast China. A population-based sample of 4753 Mongolian subjects and 20,247 Han subjects aged ≥35 years and free from hypertension at baseline were followed from 2004-2006 to ...
Petrella Robert J RJ Department of Family Medicine and Cardiology, Lawson Health Research Institute, University of Western Ontario, ON, - - 2014
The Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) has identified blood pressure (BP) control as a key target for an overall reduction in cardiovascular disease risk. The POWER survey (Physicians' Observational Work on Patient Education According to their Vascular Risk) used Framingham methodology to investigate the impact of an angiotensin-receptor-blocker-based regimen on ...
Deleanu Oana-Claudia - - 2014
Arterial hypertension (HT) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are associated through cause-effect relationship. We aimed to study the effect of medication controlled hypertension on OSAS patients. From 483 followed patients with OSAS, 252 associating HT; 142 patients of them (56.34%) received antihypertensive medication, 59 patients (41.54%) had controlled HT, ...
Pierce Logan - - 2014
Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease throughout the world. Little is known about the prevalence of hypertension in rural Haiti. Our study aims to estimate prevalence and knowledge of hypertension in Northern Haiti. Cross-sectional. Four rural communities surrounding Milot, Haiti. Participants (69 males, 106 females, 175 total) ...
Satoh Michihiro M Department of Pharmacy, Tohoku University Hospital , Sendai , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Based on ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring, the aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) has been reported to be associated with a diminished nocturnal decline in BP, generally referred to as a "non-dipping" pattern. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between ARR and the non-dipping pattern based ...
Kimura Shin-Ichiro S Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of - - 2014
Multiple regression analysis (MRA) and principal component analysis (PCA) have been used in the present study to examine the relationships between the operational conditions of a unique multi-functional rotor processor, material attributes such as water content during granulation, and a series of associated micromeritics, including the flowability, granule mean size ...
He Feng J FJ Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2014
To determine the relationship between the reduction in salt intake that occurred in England, and blood pressure (BP), as well as mortality from stroke and ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Analysis of the data from the Health Survey for England. England, 2003 N=9183, 2006 N=8762, 2008 N=8974 and 2011 N=4753, aged ...
Karaagac Kemal K Department of Cardiology, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital Bursa, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of blood pressure (BP) rhythm on the values of Tp-Te interval and Tp-Te/QT ratio in patients with metabolic syndrome. Seventy patients with newly diagnosed hypertension who fulfilled the metabolic syndrome criteria according to the Third Report of the National Cholesterol ...
Tosu Aydin Rodi AR Department of Cardiology, Van Education and Research Hospital, Van, - - 2014
In this study, we investigated the relationship of increased inflammatory parameters (C-reactive protein - CRP), oxidative stress markers (serum uric acid - SUA) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) with non-dipper hypertension (NDHT). Among the individuals who presented to the cardiology clinic, 40 patients (32.5% male, 67.5% female; mean ...
Jonas Jost B JB Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Lab, Beijing, China; Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim of the Ruprecht-Karls-University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, - - 2014
The cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) is a major determinant of central retinal vein pressure and thus of retinal capillary pressure. We tested the hypothesis whether prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy are associated with CSFP. The population-based Beijing Eye Study 2011 included 3468 individuals with a mean age of 64.6±9.8 ...
Lee Chung-Jen CJ Department of Nursing, Tzu Chi College of Technology, Hualien, - - 2014
Osteopontin (OPN) is involved in the regulation of vascular calcification processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fasting serum OPN concentration and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) in geriatric persons. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 93 geriatric persons. cfPWV were performed by SphygmoCor system. ...
Hoff Ingrid Elise IE 0000-0001-7001-9530 Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Holterveien 24, 1441 Drøbak, Norway ; Department of Anaesthesiology, Oslo University Hospital, P.O. Box 4956, Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, - - 2014
Background. Correct volume management is essential in patients with respiratory failure. We investigated the ability of respiratory variations in noninvasive pulse pressure (ΔPP), photoplethysmographic waveform amplitude (ΔPOP), and pleth variability index (PVI) to reflect hypovolemia during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation by inducing hypovolemia with progressive lower body negative pressure (LBNP). ...
Sakaki Minako M Division of Hypertension - - 2014
Abstract Although salt restriction is very important for the management of blood pressure (BP), it is difficult to maintain low salt intake in hypertensive patients. The purpose of the present study is to investigate comparatively the characteristics of hypertensive patients with good or poor compliance to long-term salt restriction. Subjects ...
Bartley Katherine - - 2014
Our study examined: 1) racial/ethnic differences in sodium and potassium intake; and 2) racial/ethnic differences in the relationship between dietary intake and blood pressure. Data were collected in New York City in 2010, and included a telephone health survey, a 24-hour urine collection and an in-home clinical exam. Linear regression ...
Panhwar Abdul Haleem - - 2014
The abnormal metabolism of metal ions plays an important role in health and disease conditions, and studies about them have been attracting significant interest. The aim of our study was to assess the essential minerals (calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), potassium (K), and sodium (Na)) in biological samples (scalp hair, blood, ...
Tanner Rikki M RM University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Studies suggest that treatment-resistant hypertension is common and increasing in prevalence among US adults. Although hypertension is a risk factor for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), few data are available for the association between treatment-resistant hypertension and ESRD risk. Prospective cohort study. We analyzed data from 9,974 REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic ...
Greyling Arno A Unilever Research & Development Vlaardingen, Vlaardingen, The Netherlands; Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Epidemiological evidence has linked consumption of black tea, produced from Camellia sinensis, with a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, intervention studies on the effects of tea consumption on blood pressure (BP) have reported inconsistent results. Our objective was to conduct a systematic literature review with meta-analysis of controlled human ...
Wang Ya Xing YX Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Lab, Beijing, - - 2014
To examine a potential association between intraocular pressure (IOP) and cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) in a population-based setting. The population-based Beijing Eye Study 2011 included 3468 individuals with a mean age of 64.6±9.8 years (range: 50-93 years). A detailed ophthalmic examination was performed. Based on a previous study with lumbar ...
Grazuleviciene Regina R Department of Environmental Science, Vytautas Magnus University, K. Donelaicio G. 58, Kaunas, LT-44248, Lithuania. - - 2014
This study investigated the effect of proximity to city parks on blood pressure categories during the first trimester of pregnancy. This cross-sectional study included 3,416 female residents of the city of Kaunas, Lithuania, who were enrolled in the FP7 PHENOTYPE project study. The women were classified into four blood pressure ...
Beaudin Andrew E AE Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease resulting from intermittent hypoxia (IH)-induced inflammation. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-formed prostanoids mediate the inflammatory response, and regulate blood pressure and cerebral blood flow (CBF), but their role in blood pressure and CBF responses to IH is unknown. Therefore, ...
Rösevall John J Acreo Swedish ICT AB, Sensor Systems dept., Gothenburg, - - 2014
This paper presents the status of the EU project WIISEL - Wireless Insole for Independent and Safe Elderly Living, with the focus on sensors and wireless communications. Pressure and inertial sensors are embedded into insoles and a smartphone collects data utilizing Bluetooth Low Energy.
Ardeshir Larijani Fatemeh F Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency has been proposed as an associating factor with increased blood pressure. We studied the relationship between serum vitamin D and blood pressure in a large representative sample of Iranian population. In this cross-sectional study, based on the data of 2508 adults (aged between 20 and 70 years) ...
Saito Kimio K Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Hondo, Akita 010-8543, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate trunk stability in seated elderly and young individuals using a new device that inclines a seat while tracking the center of pressure (CoP). We evaluated the locus of CoP, locus length, locus length per second, enveloped area, root mean square area, and ...
Bi Zhenqiang Z Academy of Preventive Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China, and Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, - - 2014
In China, population-based blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension are increasing. Meanwhile, sodium intake, a major risk factor for hypertension, is high. In 2011, to develop intervention priorities for a salt reduction and hypertension control project in Shandong Province (population 96 million), a cross-sectional survey was conducted to collect ...
Clark Cari Jo CJ Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America; Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America; Program in Health Disparities Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of - - 2014
Intimate partner violence has adverse health consequences, but little is known about its association with hypertension. This study investigates sex differences in the relationship between intimate partner violence and blood pressure outcomes. Data included 9,699 participants from waves 3 (2001-02) and 4 (2008-09) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent ...
Czyżewski Lukasz L Department of Nephrological Nursing, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2014
Background Arterial hypertension is a donor-related and modifiable risk factor in a graft dysfunction. The aim of the study was to perform a multi-factor analysis describing the relations between arterial hypertension and clinical parameters of a graft recipient. Material and Methods Fifty patients 3 months after a kidney transplant took ...
Song Chorong C Center for Environment, Health and Field Sciences, Chiba - - 2014
Objectives: The aim of this study was to elucidate the physiological adjustment effect of forest therapy based on the Law of Initial Value. Methods: The experiments were conducted in nine forest and urban areas in Japan during the period from 2011 to 2012. There were 12 male Japanese university students ...
Leu Hsin-Bang HB Institute of Clinical Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Heath Care and Management Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Divison of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Pulse pressure (PP) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It has been reported that ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and nighttime BP parameters are heritable traits. However, the genetic association of pulse pressure and its clinical impact remain undetermined. We conducted a genome-wide association study of PP using ambulatory BP ...
Hara Azusa A Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
In the Systolic Hypertension in Europe trial (NCT02088450), we investigated whether systolic blood pressure variability determines prognosis over and beyond level. Using a computerised random function and a double-blind design, we randomly allocated 4695 patients (≥60 years) with isolated systolic hypertension (160-219/<95 mm Hg) to active treatment or matching placebo. ...
Kim Geehee G Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, St Vincent's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, South - - 2014
Diastolic dysfunction is associated with increased arterial stiffness in patients with hypertension. However, the role of arterial stiffness in diastolic dysfunction in subjects without hypertension has not been fully established. A total of 287 subjects (male:female ratio 121:166, mean age 53.0±14.4 years) without hypertension or any heart disease who simultaneously ...
Alkhateeb Haider H Department of Internal Medicine, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, - - 2014
Background Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is a life-threatening cardiovascular condition with high morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess clinical profiles as well as outcomes of AAD in a predominantly Hispanic population and to explore the relationship between this condition and uncontrolled/untreated hypertension in this community. Material and Methods This ...
Anderson James W JW Professor Emeritus, Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY. - - 2014
To compare effects of raisin snacks with conventional snacks on glycemia and cardiovascular risk factors. A 12-week, randomized, controlled trial compared 3-times-a-day consumption of raisins with intake of processed snacks on glycemia and cardiovascular risk factors. Men and women were randomized to snacks (n = 15) or raisins (n = ...
Liu Chengyu C 0000-0002-4515-5773 School of Control Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China ; School of Information Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China ; Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, - - 2014
Changes of arterial pressure waveform characteristics have been accepted as risk indicators of cardiovascular diseases. Waveform modelling using Gaussian functions has been used to decompose arterial pressure pulses into different numbers of subwaves and hence quantify waveform characteristics. However, the fitting accuracy and computation efficiency of current modelling approaches need ...
Xiao Wenkai W Department of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) acts synergistically with hypertension to exert a multiplicative effect on cardiovascular diseases risk. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between tHcy concentration and blood pressure, and to evaluate the role of plasma tHcy in arterial stiffness and wave reflection in hypertension. ...
Arnold Amy C AC Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, Autonomic Dysfunction Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Nashville, TN, - - 2014
Severely affected patients with autonomic failure require pressor agents to counteract the blood pressure fall and improve presyncopal symptoms upon standing. Previous studies suggest that combination ergotamine and caffeine may be effective in the treatment of autonomic failure, but the efficacy of this drug has not been evaluated in controlled ...
Fu Shihui S Department of Cardiology and Hainan Branch, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
This analysis is designed to determine the prevalence of microalbuminuria (MAU) and mildly decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR); to investigate the association of augmentation index (AIx), central blood pressure (cBP) and peripheral blood pressure (pBP) with MAU and mildly decreased GFR; and to compare the association strength of cBP and ...
Wang Qimin Q Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, 100034, - - 2014
Objective Investigate the clinical features and the blood pressure (BP) pattern of the phenotype of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in OSAHS. Methods A total of 508 Chinese adults with suspected OSAHS were referred to our sleep laboratory from October 2009 to May 2012. On the same night of polysomnography (PSG), ...
Komara M M Genetic Research Group, Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, - - 2014
The sympathetic nervous system plays a major role in blood pressure regulation. Beta 2 (β2) adrenoceptor gene polymorphisms have been associated with hypertension in different populations with conflicting results. We examined the association of three common polymorphisms, Arg16Gly, Gln27Glu, and Thr164Ile, of the β2 adrenoceptor gene in Malaysian hypertensive subjects. ...
Selvarajah Viknesh V Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Department of Nephrology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Systolic blood pressure variability is an independent risk factor for mortality and cardiovascular events. Standard measures of blood pressure predict outcome poorly in haemodialysis patients. We investigated whether systolic blood pressure variability was associated with mortality in incident haemodialysis patients. We performed a longitudinal observational study of patients commencing haemodialysis ...
Dalai N N Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, - - 2014
Lifestyle, habits, diet, and genetics are all important factors associated with the prevalence of hypertension. Many association studies have been performed in the Chinese Han population, whereas data explaining the high prevalence of hypertension in the Mongolian population remain scarce. In the present study, we aimed to determine the factors ...
Shimoyama Yasuhiko Y 1. Department of Advanced Medicine for Uremia, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, - - 2014
Objective: Nrf2 is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of antioxidant genes. This study aimed to investigate the association of Nrf2 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs35652124 (-653A/G) and rs6721961 (-617C/A), with laboratory data and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: Blood samples were obtained from 216 HD patients ...
Murai Shunsuke S Department of Cardio-Renal Medicine and Hypertension, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, - - 2014
Kidney function and cardiovascular disease are closely connected and albuminuria is a proven marker of cardiovascular risk. The present study investigated the prevalence and characteristics of albuminuria in patients with hypertension. Outpatients with essential hypertension under medical treatment were enrolled in this study (n = 350, 70.0 ± 11.4 years ...
Walia Harneet K HK Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, - - 2014
We hypothesized that untreated severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with elevated ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in subjects with high cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk despite medical management. Data from the baseline examination of the Heart Biomarker Evaluation in Apnea Treatment (HeartBEAT) study, a 4-site randomized controlled trial were analyzed. ...
Choudhury Kamrun Nahar KN Department of Epidemiology, National Centre for Control of Rheumatic Fever and Heart Disease, Bangladesh, Dhaka, - - 2014
Hypertension and dyslipidemia are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, accounting for the highest morbidity and mortality among the Bangladeshi population. The objective of this study was to determine the association between serum lipid profiles in hypertensive patients with normotensive control subjects in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study was carried out ...
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