Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 3975
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Beaudin Andrew E AE Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease resulting from intermittent hypoxia (IH)-induced inflammation. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-formed prostanoids mediate the inflammatory response, and regulate blood pressure and cerebral blood flow (CBF), but their role in blood pressure and CBF responses to IH is unknown. Therefore, ...
Dalai N N Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, - - 2014
Lifestyle, habits, diet, and genetics are all important factors associated with the prevalence of hypertension. Many association studies have been performed in the Chinese Han population, whereas data explaining the high prevalence of hypertension in the Mongolian population remain scarce. In the present study, we aimed to determine the factors ...
Wang Qimin Q Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, 100034, - - 2014
Objective Investigate the clinical features and the blood pressure (BP) pattern of the phenotype of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in OSAHS. Methods A total of 508 Chinese adults with suspected OSAHS were referred to our sleep laboratory from October 2009 to May 2012. On the same night of polysomnography (PSG), ...
Rösevall John J Acreo Swedish ICT AB, Sensor Systems dept., Gothenburg, - - 2014
This paper presents the status of the EU project WIISEL - Wireless Insole for Independent and Safe Elderly Living, with the focus on sensors and wireless communications. Pressure and inertial sensors are embedded into insoles and a smartphone collects data utilizing Bluetooth Low Energy.
Wicki Andreas A Division of Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Basel, - - 2014
Background: Antiangiogenic therapy is routinely used in a variety of cancer entities. Hypertension is the most common side effect of all currently available antiangiogenic treatments. Patients and Methods: In this prospective observational clinical trial, we investigated risk factors for blood pressure elevation in patients exposed to an antiangiogenic agent and ...
Alkhateeb Haider H Department of Internal Medicine, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, - - 2014
Background Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is a life-threatening cardiovascular condition with high morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess clinical profiles as well as outcomes of AAD in a predominantly Hispanic population and to explore the relationship between this condition and uncontrolled/untreated hypertension in this community. Material and Methods This ...
Song Chorong C Center for Environment, Health and Field Sciences, Chiba - - 2014
Objectives: The aim of this study was to elucidate the physiological adjustment effect of forest therapy based on the Law of Initial Value. Methods: The experiments were conducted in nine forest and urban areas in Japan during the period from 2011 to 2012. There were 12 male Japanese university students ...
Li Xing X Department of Nephrology, Jiangsu Province Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
Aims: The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy and identify the prognostic factors of continuous hemofiltration in patients with cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) and, finally, to optimally select patients who could benefit more from this therapy. Methods: A total of 59 patients with CRS type 1 or type ...
Chang Wei-Ting WT Division of Cardiology, Internal Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan; Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, - - 2014
Diastolic dysfunction is common in geriatric heart failure. A reliable parameter to predict myocardium stiffness and relaxation under similar end-diastolic pressure is being developed. We propose a material and mathematical model for calculating myocardium stiffness based on the concept of linear correlation between [Formula: see text] and wedge pressure. We ...
Bi Zhenqiang Z Academy of Preventive Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China, and Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, - - 2014
In China, population-based blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension are increasing. Meanwhile, sodium intake, a major risk factor for hypertension, is high. In 2011, to develop intervention priorities for a salt reduction and hypertension control project in Shandong Province (population 96 million), a cross-sectional survey was conducted to collect ...
Zamecznik A A Department of Children's Cardiology and Rheumatology of the 2nd Chair of Paediatrics, Medical University of Lodz, Poland. - - 2014
Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) is present in about 3-10% of live-born newborns and it is as high as 20-30% in developing countries. Since the 1990s, it has been known that abnormalities during foetal growth may result in cardiovascular disease, including hypertension in adulthood. This study evaluated blood pressure parameters (using ...
Bouibes A A LGCgE, Polytech'Lille, University of Lille1. Cite Scientifique, Avenue Paul Langevin, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq, - - 2014
The high-pressure behavior of zinc carbonate ZnCO3 has been investigated using universal structure prediction method together with the density functional theory. In order to explore all possible structures under pressure, separate calculations at high pressure are done here with increasing number of formula units in the unit cell. Two pressures ...
Hara Hidehiko H Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Toho University, Ohashi Medical Center, - - 2014
Objective A link between urinary albumin excretion and an increased incidence of cardiovascular mortality has already been demonstrated. However, the reported prevalence of microalbuminuria (MAU) in patients with hypertension is highly variable. We therefore aimed to conduct a cross-sectional multicenter study to investigate the prevalence of urinary albumin excretion in ...
Leu Hsin-Bang HB Institute of Clinical Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Center, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Heath Care and Management Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Divison of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Pulse pressure (PP) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It has been reported that ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and nighttime BP parameters are heritable traits. However, the genetic association of pulse pressure and its clinical impact remain undetermined. We conducted a genome-wide association study of PP using ambulatory BP ...
Spinelli Christian C Department of Medical Basic Sciences, Neurosciences and Sense Organs, Division of Neurology-Stroke Unit, Hypertension, Medical School of Bari - University of Bari, - - 2014
Background. High blood pressure (BP) poses a major risk for cognitive decline. Aim of the study was to highlight the relationship between cognitive assessment scores and an effective therapeutic BP control. Methods. By medical visit and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), we studied 302 treated hypertensives, subdivided according to office/daytime BP ...
Shimoyama Yasuhiko Y 1. Department of Advanced Medicine for Uremia, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, - - 2014
Objective: Nrf2 is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of antioxidant genes. This study aimed to investigate the association of Nrf2 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs35652124 (-653A/G) and rs6721961 (-617C/A), with laboratory data and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: Blood samples were obtained from 216 HD patients ...
Maric-Bilkan Christine C Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, - - 2014
Arterial blood pressure levels and the prevalence of hypertension are generally lower in premenopausal women compared with age-matched men. The lower blood pressure levels in premenopausal women are associated with a lower risk of the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. In contrast, menopause, a state characterized by a physiologic ...
Li Dong-Ze DZ Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, No. 137 Liyushan South Road, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830054, - - 2014
Background. Acupuncture is frequently advocated as an adjunct treatment for essential hypertension. The aim of this review was to assess its adjunct effectiveness in treating hypertension. Methods. We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and the Chinese databases Sino-Med, CNKI, WanFang, and VIP through November, 2012, for eligible randomized controlled ...
Liu Chengyu C 0000-0002-4515-5773 School of Control Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China ; School of Information Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China ; Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, - - 2014
Changes of arterial pressure waveform characteristics have been accepted as risk indicators of cardiovascular diseases. Waveform modelling using Gaussian functions has been used to decompose arterial pressure pulses into different numbers of subwaves and hence quantify waveform characteristics. However, the fitting accuracy and computation efficiency of current modelling approaches need ...
Fu Shihui S Department of Cardiology and Hainan Branch, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
This analysis is designed to determine the prevalence of microalbuminuria (MAU) and mildly decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR); to investigate the association of augmentation index (AIx), central blood pressure (cBP) and peripheral blood pressure (pBP) with MAU and mildly decreased GFR; and to compare the association strength of cBP and ...
Arabzadeh Somayeh S Resident, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Uncontrolled hypertension, a major concern among hypertensive patients, may be caused by various factors such as inadequate knowledge and inappropriate attitude, unhealthy lifestyle, and ineffective treatment. The present study tried to cast light on factors leading to uncontrolled hypertension. In this cross-sectional study, all hypertensive participants of the third phase ...
Nishioka Terumi T Research Institute of Environment, Agriculture and Fisheries, Osaka - - 2014
Gas plasma generated and applied under two different systems, atmospheric pressure plasma and low pressure plasma, was used to investigate the inactivation efficacy on the seedborne pathogenic fungus, Rhizoctonia solani, which had been artificially introduced to brassicaceous seeds. Treatment with atmospheric plasma for 10 min markedly reduced the R. solani ...
Karaagac Kemal K Department of Cardiology, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital Bursa, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of blood pressure (BP) rhythm on the values of Tp-Te interval and Tp-Te/QT ratio in patients with metabolic syndrome. Seventy patients with newly diagnosed hypertension who fulfilled the metabolic syndrome criteria according to the Third Report of the National Cholesterol ...
Lakshman Arjun A 0000-0001-8915-2382 Govt. Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala 673008, - - 2014
Background. Hypertension is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hypertension in a population of male bus drivers in North Kerala, India. Methods. The study population included male bus drivers of Corporation Bus stand Kozhikode, Kerala. Blood pressure, height, and weight of ...
Jani Ylber Y Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, "Mother Teresa" University Tirana, Republic of - - 2014
To determine the influence of dyslipidemia in control of blood pressure in patients with type 2 Diabetes. To test the hypothesis that, blood pressure and lipid levels are not sufficiently controlled in patients with type 2 Diabetes, in the western region of the Republic of Macedonia. Abnormalities of lipid and ...
Gladwin Mark T MT Vascular Medicine Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America; Division of Pulmonary Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
The role of pulmonary hypertension as a cause of mortality in sickle cell disease (SCD) is controversial. We evaluated the relationship between an elevated estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure and mortality in patients with SCD. We followed patients from the walk-PHaSST screening cohort for a median of 29 months. A ...
Nowson Caryl A CA Centre of Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, - - 2014
To assess whether changes in measures of fat distribution and body size during early life are associated with blood pressure at 36 months of age. Analysis of data collected from a prospective cohort study. Community-based investigation in Southampton, UK. 761 children with valid blood pressure measurements, born to women participating in ...
Lipińska Anna A Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Lindley'a 4, 02-005 Warsaw, - - 2014
Early identification of high-risk individuals is key for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to assess the potential impact of a family history of metabolic syndrome (fhMetS) on the risk of metabolic disorders (abnormal body mass, lipid profile, glucose metabolism, insulin resistance, and blood ...
Zhao X S XS Department of Cardiology, Inner Mongolia Hospital, Inner Mongolia Medical College, Hohhot, China - - 2014
Blood pressure levels were evaluated among prehypertension patients with associated cardiovascular risk factors to determine the effect of different interventions with respect to new endpoint events. A total of 1112 patients were equally and randomly divided into control, lifestyle, drug, and lifestyle + drug groups, and were followed-up for 12 ...
Choudhury Kamrun Nahar KN Department of Epidemiology, National Centre for Control of Rheumatic Fever and Heart Disease, Bangladesh, Dhaka, - - 2014
Hypertension and dyslipidemia are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, accounting for the highest morbidity and mortality among the Bangladeshi population. The objective of this study was to determine the association between serum lipid profiles in hypertensive patients with normotensive control subjects in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study was carried out ...
Thorpe Roland J RJ - - 2014
To examine the nature of disparities in hypertension awareness, treatment, and control within a sample of Whites and African Americans living in the same social context and with access to the same health care environment. Cross-sectional study Southwest Baltimore, Maryland 949 hypertensive African American and White adults in the Exploring ...
Cunningham Ceara Tess - - 2014
With an increase and diversity in ethnic populations in Westernized countries, understanding the differences in levels of knowledge surrounding hypertension is important in planning appropriate prevention strategies. The purpose of our study was to assess levels of hypertension knowledge in Chinese, Indian and White populations in a large metropolitan Canadian ...
Okwuonu Chimezie Godswill CG Nephrology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Abia State, - - 2014
Hypertension control is a challenge globally. Barriers to optimal control exist at the patient, physician, and health system levels. Patient-related barriers in our environment are not clear. The aim of this study was to identify patient-related barriers to control of hypertension among adults with hypertension in a semiurban community in ...
Tosu Aydin Rodi AR Department of Cardiology, Van Education and Research Hospital, Van, - - 2014
In this study, we investigated the relationship of increased inflammatory parameters (C-reactive protein - CRP), oxidative stress markers (serum uric acid - SUA) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) with non-dipper hypertension (NDHT). Among the individuals who presented to the cardiology clinic, 40 patients (32.5% male, 67.5% female; mean ...
Abiodun Olugbenga O OO Department of Medicine, Cardiology Unit, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC), Ile-Ife, Osun State, - - 2014
Blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensives is important in preventing cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. This work was done to assess control of BP among Nigerian hypertensives at rest and during exercise. A total of 85 male hypertensives were recruited consecutively and had clinical evaluation and treadmill (TM) exercise testing ...
Greyling Arno A Unilever Research & Development Vlaardingen, Vlaardingen, The Netherlands; Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Epidemiological evidence has linked consumption of black tea, produced from Camellia sinensis, with a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, intervention studies on the effects of tea consumption on blood pressure (BP) have reported inconsistent results. Our objective was to conduct a systematic literature review with meta-analysis of controlled human ...
Hara Azusa A Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
In the Systolic Hypertension in Europe trial (NCT02088450), we investigated whether systolic blood pressure variability determines prognosis over and beyond level. Using a computerised random function and a double-blind design, we randomly allocated 4695 patients (≥60 years) with isolated systolic hypertension (160-219/<95 mm Hg) to active treatment or matching placebo. ...
Adeloye Davies D Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, Midlothian, United - - 2014
The burden of hypertension is high in Africa, and due to rapid population growth and ageing, the exact burden on the continent is still far from being known. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and awareness rates of hypertension in Africa based on the cut off "≥140/90 mm Hg". We ...
Zhao Yanwei Y Emergency Department, Huashan Hospital North, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine a new method for the early diagnosis and assessment of mild cognitive impairment in elderly individuals with hypertension. Elderly hypertensive patients with cognitive impairment were assessed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Clinical Dementia Rating Assessment (CDR). Cognitive results were compared ...
Walia Harneet K HK Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, - - 2014
We hypothesized that untreated severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with elevated ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in subjects with high cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk despite medical management. Data from the baseline examination of the Heart Biomarker Evaluation in Apnea Treatment (HeartBEAT) study, a 4-site randomized controlled trial were analyzed. ...
Wang Ya Xing YX Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Lab, Beijing, - - 2014
To examine a potential association between intraocular pressure (IOP) and cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) in a population-based setting. The population-based Beijing Eye Study 2011 included 3468 individuals with a mean age of 64.6±9.8 years (range: 50-93 years). A detailed ophthalmic examination was performed. Based on a previous study with lumbar ...
Lee Chung-Jen CJ Department of Nursing, Tzu Chi College of Technology, Hualien, - - 2014
Osteopontin (OPN) is involved in the regulation of vascular calcification processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fasting serum OPN concentration and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) in geriatric persons. Fasting blood samples were obtained from 93 geriatric persons. cfPWV were performed by SphygmoCor system. ...
Anderson James W JW Professor Emeritus, Medicine and Clinical Nutrition, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY. - - 2014
To compare effects of raisin snacks with conventional snacks on glycemia and cardiovascular risk factors. A 12-week, randomized, controlled trial compared 3-times-a-day consumption of raisins with intake of processed snacks on glycemia and cardiovascular risk factors. Men and women were randomized to snacks (n = 15) or raisins (n = ...
Sutherland Kate K NHMRC Centre for Sleep Health (CIRUS), University of Sydney, - - 2014
Mandibular advancement splints (MAS) are often preferred to CPAP treatment for OSA but are not always equally efficacious. High therapeutic CPAP pressure has been associated with MAS treatment failure in a Japanese population. We sought to assess the relationship between CPAP pressure and MAS treatment response in an Australian population. ...
Li Juan J Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this systematic review is to investigate the effectiveness, efficacy and safety of multiple concomitant lifestyle modification therapies for patients with hypertension or prehypertension. Electronic searches will be performed in the Cochrane Library, OVID, EMBASE, etc, along with manual searches in the reference lists of relevant papers found ...
Tanner Rikki M RM University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Studies suggest that treatment-resistant hypertension is common and increasing in prevalence among US adults. Although hypertension is a risk factor for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), few data are available for the association between treatment-resistant hypertension and ESRD risk. Prospective cohort study. We analyzed data from 9,974 REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic ...
Arnold Amy C AC Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, Autonomic Dysfunction Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Nashville, TN, - - 2014
Severely affected patients with autonomic failure require pressor agents to counteract the blood pressure fall and improve presyncopal symptoms upon standing. Previous studies suggest that combination ergotamine and caffeine may be effective in the treatment of autonomic failure, but the efficacy of this drug has not been evaluated in controlled ...
Ardeshir Larijani Fatemeh F Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency has been proposed as an associating factor with increased blood pressure. We studied the relationship between serum vitamin D and blood pressure in a large representative sample of Iranian population. In this cross-sectional study, based on the data of 2508 adults (aged between 20 and 70 years) ...
Amorim Rosemary de Jesus Machado RD 1 Mother and Child, Federal University of Pernambuco , Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study assessed the influence of breastfeeding and nutritional status of full-term infants on blood pressure at school age. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study nested in a cohort of 375 infants recruited at birth between 1993 and 1994 in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. A ...
Zatu Mandlenkosi C MC aHypertension in Africa Research Team (HART) bCentre of Excellence for Nutrition cAfrica Unit for Transdisciplinary Health Research (AUTHeR), North-West University, Potchefstroom dDepartment of Physiology, University of Limpopo (Medunsa), Pretoria, South - - 2013
Despite criticism of self-reported alcohol intake, it is a valuable tool to screen for alcohol abuse as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We aimed to compare various self-reported estimates of alcohol use with γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and percentage carbohydrate deficient transferrin (%CDT) considering their relationship with blood pressure changes (%BP) ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >