Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 3939
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Cunningham Ceara Tess - - 2014
With an increase and diversity in ethnic populations in Westernized countries, understanding the differences in levels of knowledge surrounding hypertension is important in planning appropriate prevention strategies. The purpose of our study was to assess levels of hypertension knowledge in Chinese, Indian and White populations in a large metropolitan Canadian ...
Okwuonu Chimezie Godswill CG Nephrology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Abia State, - - 2014
Hypertension control is a challenge globally. Barriers to optimal control exist at the patient, physician, and health system levels. Patient-related barriers in our environment are not clear. The aim of this study was to identify patient-related barriers to control of hypertension among adults with hypertension in a semiurban community in ...
Tosu Aydin Rodi AR Department of Cardiology, Van Education and Research Hospital, Van, - - 2014
In this study, we investigated the relationship of increased inflammatory parameters (C-reactive protein - CRP), oxidative stress markers (serum uric acid - SUA) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) with non-dipper hypertension (NDHT). Among the individuals who presented to the cardiology clinic, 40 patients (32.5% male, 67.5% female; mean ...
Abiodun Olugbenga O OO Department of Medicine, Cardiology Unit, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC), Ile-Ife, Osun State, - - 2014
Blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensives is important in preventing cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. This work was done to assess control of BP among Nigerian hypertensives at rest and during exercise. A total of 85 male hypertensives were recruited consecutively and had clinical evaluation and treadmill (TM) exercise testing ...
Amorim Rosemary de Jesus Machado RD 1 Mother and Child, Federal University of Pernambuco , Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study assessed the influence of breastfeeding and nutritional status of full-term infants on blood pressure at school age. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study nested in a cohort of 375 infants recruited at birth between 1993 and 1994 in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. A ...
Zatu Mandlenkosi C MC aHypertension in Africa Research Team (HART) bCentre of Excellence for Nutrition cAfrica Unit for Transdisciplinary Health Research (AUTHeR), North-West University, Potchefstroom dDepartment of Physiology, University of Limpopo (Medunsa), Pretoria, South - - 2013
Despite criticism of self-reported alcohol intake, it is a valuable tool to screen for alcohol abuse as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We aimed to compare various self-reported estimates of alcohol use with γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and percentage carbohydrate deficient transferrin (%CDT) considering their relationship with blood pressure changes (%BP) ...
Kunutsor Setor K SK Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB1 8RN, UK, - - 2013
High plasma levels of vitamin D are associated with a reduced risk of high blood pressure, but whether this association is causal remains to be ascertained. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials, to examine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on both systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic ...
Tenderenda-Banasiuk Edyta E Department of Pediatrics and Nephrology, Medical University of Bialystok, 17 Waszyngton Street, 15-274, Bialystok, Poland, - - 2013
The prevalence of hypertension continues to rise in the pediatric population. In recent years, there has been an increasing amount of reports on serum arginine vasopressin and its derivative, copeptin, in blood pressure control, but its role is still unclear. The objective of this study was to assess serum copeptin ...
Karottki Dorina Gabriela - - 2013
Exposure to particulate air pollution increases respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, especially in elderly, possibly through inflammation and vascular dysfunction. We examined potential beneficial effects of indoor air filtration in the homes of elderly, including people taking vasoactive drugs.Forty-eight nonsmoking subjects (51 to 81 years) in 27 homes were ...
Ford Jodi L JL The Ohio State University College of Nursing, Columbus. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the longitudinal associations between exposure to violence with a weapon during the past year among adolescents and hypertension during adulthood, including the extent to which adult cardiovascular risk factors mediated the association. Secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, 1994-2008. The sample included 3555 male ...
Chrysant Steven G SG University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, - - 2013
There is a linear change in blood pressure (BP) with the advancement of age from predominantly diastolic BP (DBP) in the young to predominantly systolic BP (SBP) in the old. This change is caused by the stiffening of the large arteries and the loss of elastic recoil as a result ...
Ye Chenglin - - 2013
Hypertension is an important and modifiable cardiovascular risk factor that remains under-detected and under-treated, especially in the older individuals. Community-led interventions that integrate primary health care and local resources are promising approaches to improve awareness and management of hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors. We aimed to evaluate the effect ...
Kodama Satoru S Department of Health Management Center, Mito Kyodo General Hospital, Mito, Ibaraki, Japan; Department of Hematology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine, Niigata, Niigata, - - 2013
Results of epidemiologic studies that investigated the significance of pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in terms of risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with diabetes mellitus are inconsistent. We performed a quantitative meta-analysis to estimate CVD risk in relation to PP or MAP. Electronic literature search ...
Carl Daniel E DE Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Medicine, Richmond, VA, - - 2013
Post-paracentesis circulatory dysfunction (PPCD) is associated with development of hepatorenal syndrome and increased mortality. The impact of large volume paracentesis (LVP) on the 24-hr blood pressure profile is unknown, and the relationship to Na+ retentive and pro-inflammatory cytokines remains unknown. Aims: (1) To define the effects of LVP with albumin ...
Sikes Anita L AL CSIRO Animal, Food and Health Sciences, 39 Kessels Road, Coopers Plains, Queensland 4108, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Our aim was to achieve a single-step pressure-heat process that would produce tender, juicy beef steaks from meat that would otherwise be tough when cooked. Steak portions (25mm thick) from hind-quarter muscles were subjected to heat treatment at 60, 64, 68, 72 or 76°C for 20min, with or without simultaneous ...
Morotti Elena E Department of Gynecology and Pathophysiology of Human Reproduction, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
To verify if in lean polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients, the smok- ing habitude might increase the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. In this prospective observational study, eighty-one women were divided into the following three groups: group I with 27 non-smokers, group II with 26 light-smokers (1-10 cigarettes/day), and group ...
Jaubert Marie-Perrine MP Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New - - 2013
Although heavy alcohol consumption is associated with hypertension, the impact of lighter consumption on blood pressure (BP) is controversial. The protective effect of light alcohol consumption on cardiovascular disease described in previous studies could be, in part, mediated by effects of alcohol on BP. However, only a few studies investigating ...
Netchessova T A TA Republican Scientific Practical Center "Cardiology", R. Luxembourg str. 110, Minsk, Belarus, - - 2013
Hypertension and type 2 diabetes in combination are associated with a significantly higher level of cardiovascular events. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the antihypertensive efficacy and tolerability of single-pill perindopril/indapamide in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Patients with both hypertension and type 2 diabetes ...
Zheng Huan H Geriatrics Department, Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, Shanghai 20065, P.R. China ; School of Life Science, Center for Evolutionary Medicine and Informatics, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85281, - - 2014
A number of studies have focused on the association between sphingomyelin (SM) levels and atherosclerosis, however, there are few data concerning the correlation of SM with nondipper hypertension. The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between plasma SM levels and nondipper status in patients with hypertension. A total of ...
Nagai Michiaki M Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Yakushiji 3311-1, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498, - - 2014
Recently, visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) variability has been shown to be associated with vascular remodeling and cognitive dysfunction. However, there have been no studies that focused on the relationship between visit-to-visit BP variability and cognitive dysfunction in relation to vascular remodeling. In this study, we investigated the relationships among visit-to-visit ...
Reboldi Gianpaolo G Dipartimento di Medicina - - 2013
An excessive blood pressure (BP) reduction might be dangerous in high-risk patients with cardiovascular disease. In the Studio Italiano Sugli Effetti CARDIOvascolari del Controllo della Pressione Arteriosa SIStolica (Cardio-Sis), 1111 nondiabetic patients with systolic BP ≥150 mm Hg were randomly assigned to a systolic BP target <140 mm Hg (standard ...
Guggiari Céline C aDepartment of Medicine, Service of Geriatric Medicine and Geriatric Rehabilitation bDepartment of Training and Research, Clinical Research Center cDepartment of Medicine, Division of Clinical Pathophysiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2013
Home blood pressure (BP) monitoring is recommended by several clinical guidelines and has been shown to be feasible in elderly persons. Wrist manometers have recently been proposed for such home BP measurement, but their accuracy has not been previously assessed in elderly patients. Forty-eight participants (33 women and 15 men, ...
Yano Yuichiro Y aAmerican Society of Hypertension Comprehensive Hypertension Center, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA bDivision of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi cDepartment of Orthopedics, Chikamorikai Medical Group, Kochi dTamaki Clinic eKijo Clinic fKuwabara Clinic gYokota Naika hEto Cardiology Clinic iKuroki Naika, Miyazaki, - - 2013
This study assesses whether presence of cognitive dysfunction can be a marker associated with the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events independent of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) or other indices of target organ damage (TOD) in elderly hypertensive patients. We recruited 585 hypertensive patients (mean age, 73 years; 41% men) ...
Okumura Naoki N Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, - - 2013
To investigate the independent associations of proteinuria and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with incident hypertension. We investigated 29,181 Japanese males 18-59years old without hypertension in 2000 and examined whether proteinuria and the eGFR predicted incident hypertension independently over 10years. Incident hypertension was defined as a newly detected blood ...
Assadi Farahnak F Rush University Medical College, Chicago, IL, USA, - - 2014
Essential hypertension is frequently associated with hyperuricemia in both adult and pediatric patients. Lowering serum uric acid level may provide greater benefit than simply treating hypertension. Forty-four adolescents, aged 12-19 years, newly diagnosed as essential hypertension (secondary hypertension was excluded) and previously untreated were randomized (open label trial) to receive either ...
Celic Vera V Cardiology Department, University Clinical Hospital Center "Dr Dragisa Misovic," Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate left ventricular (LV) mechanics in hypertensive patients by 2- and 3-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking imaging, and determine the relation between the LV mechanics and functional capacity in this population. This cross-sectional study included 51 recently diagnosed, untreated, hypertensive patients, 49 treated subjects ...
Kostis John B - - 2013
Most studies of an association of visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure with increased risk of future adverse cardiovascular events are of short duration and rarely include a placebo group. Using data from the double-blind, placebo-controlled Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program, the authors examined mortality from cardiovascular causes up to ...
Martínez-García Miguel-Angel MA Respiratory Department, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, - - 2013
More than 70% of patients with resistant hypertension have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, there is little evidence about the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension. To assess the effect of CPAP treatment on blood pressure values and nocturnal blood ...
Kaye David M - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the impact of a device-mediated modification of the injection pressure profile on iodinated contrast volumes during coronary angiography and PCI. Background: The development of iodinated contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing coronary angiography and intervention, particularly in the ...
Toro-Funes N N Department of Nutrition and Food Science-XaRTA, INSA, Faculty of Pharmacy, Campus de l'Alimentació Torribera, University of Barcelona, Avda. Prat de la Riba 171, 08921 Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Barcelona, - - 2014
Ultra high pressure homogenization (UHPH) is a useful novel technology to obtain safe and high-quality liquid foods. The effect of UHPH at 200 and 300MPa in combination with different inlet temperatures (Tin) (55, 65 and 75°C) on the bioactive compounds of soya milk was studied. Total phytosterols increased with the ...
Welsh Paul P BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, 126 University Pl, Glasgow G12 8TA, United Kingdom. Paul.Welsh@glasgow.ac.uk or - - 2014
We investigated 3 hypotheses: (1) N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) predicts cardiovascular disease events in patients with hypertension, (2) NT-proBNP is associated with blood pressure variability, and (3) NT-proBNP predicts benefit from antihypertensive regimens. The Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT) randomized a subset of 6549 patients at risk with no ...
Davis Sharon K SK National Institutes of Health, National Human Genome Research Institute, Bethesda, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention on modifiable cardiovascular risk factors among high-risk African Americans. The study included a randomized treatment/controlled intervention trial among 136 African Americans residing in Atlanta, GA who were overweight and had elevated blood pressure. The treatment ...
Hughson Michael D - - 2013
African Americans have more severe hypertensive nephrosclerosis than white Americans, possibly at similar levels of blood pressure. Glomerular volume is increased in African Americans relative to whites, but it is uncertain how this relates to nephrosclerosis and whether it contributes to or compensates for glomerulosclerosis. Stereological disector/fractionator estimates of glomerular ...
Calhoun David A DA Vascular Biology and Hypertension Program, Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 430 BMR3, 1530 3rd Ave South, Birmingham, AL 35242. - - 2014
Refractory hypertension is an extreme phenotype of antihypertensive treatment failure. Participants in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study, a large (n=30 239), population-based cohort were evaluated to determine the prevalence of refractory hypertension and associated cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidities. Refractory hypertension was defined as ...
Cader Rizna Abdul - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in dialysis patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) being an important predictor of mortality. We wanted to determine the prevalence of LVH in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and factors contributing to it. This is a cross-sectional study assessing LVH using echocardiogram in ...
Zheng Liqiang - - 2013
A prediction model from the US Framingham Heart Study (FHS) population has been established to estimate an individual's risk of developing hypertension. However, this model has not been widely tested in other cohorts. In this study, we examined the predictive capability of the FHS prediction model in a rural Chinese ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2013
In-office blood pressure (BP) measurements have recognized limitations, including the inability to collect BP information over a long period of time, and during an individual's usual daily activities. Home or ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) may therefore be used to complement conventional office measurements, thereby improving prognostic value. Of particular relevance ...
Taylor Brett M - - 2014
The influence of social demography on sex change schedules in protogynous reef fishes is well established, yet effects across spatial scales (in particular, the magnitude of natural variation relative to size-selective fishing effects) are poorly understood. Here, I examine variation in timing of sex change for exploited parrotfishes across a ...
Liu Yang - - 2013
Aliskiren, a direct renin inhibitor, is effective for reducing blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension when combined with amlodipine or hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). However, the efficacy and tolerability of the 2 combinations are unclear. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of aliskiren/amlodpine and aliskiren/HCTZ for hypertension. The Cochrane ...
Cicero Arrigo F G - - 2013
Serum uric acid (SUA) levels correlate with many recognized cardiovascular risk factors, including age, male sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity, and insulin resistance. The aim of our study was to verify in a large well characterized population sample the relationship between SUA values, hypertension, arterial stiffness and subclinical atherosclerosis. ...
Wensink Maarten J - - 2013
Theory predicts that senescence should inevitably evolve because selection pressure declines with age. Yet, data show that senescence is not a universal phenomenon. How can these observations peacefully coexist? Evolution of any trait hinges on its impact on fitness. A complete mathematical description of change in fitness, the total fitness ...
Lan Patrick G - - 2013
Objective: To determine the reliability of automated blood pressure (BP) measuring devices in hypertensive pregnancies. Methods: Three sequential measurements were taken using mercury sphygmomanometry and an automated device in pregnant hypertensive women (n = 89). Results: Systolic BP (SBP) was higher with the automated device (mean difference 2.5 mmHg, 95% CI: 1.9-3.2 mmHg), whereas ...
Poirier Luc L Clinique d'hypertension et département de pharmacie, CHUL, CHU de Québec, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
β-Adrenergic receptor blockers or β-blockers represent one of the oldest classes of cardiovascular agents and have been considered a cornerstone therapy for hypertension and heart disease for the past 5 decades. They are advocated as a first-line treatment for uncomplicated essential hypertension in patients younger than 60 years of age ...
Barrington Debbie S - - 2013
Black men have higher blood pressure (BP) levels and consequently higher prevalence of hypertension compared with men from other ethnic groups in the United States. Socio-familial factors in childhood have been found to play an important role in hypertension, but few studies have examined this relationship among black men. We ...
Köhler Sebastian - - 2013
Midlife hypertension is a risk factor for dementia, but little is known about the cognitive trajectories of individuals with incident hypertension. This study follows the cognitive functioning in prevalent and incident hypertension for 12 years and in relation to age and treatment status. Cognitively intact adults aged 25 to 84 ...
Sasamura Hiroyuki - - 2013
Recently, we reported that transient treatment of genetically hypertensive rats with high-dose angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) causes regression of established hypertension. In this study, we investigated whether treatment with candesartan or nifedipine controlled-release (CR) resulted in a sustained regression of hypertension in humans. Patients aged 30 to 59 years with ...
Polonia Jorge J - - 2013
High salt intake has been associated with the development of arterial hypertension, but it still remains controversial as to how salt consumption relates with central haemodynamics and central pressures. For interventional purposes, it is crucial to identify the main food categories that contribute toward high salt consumption. In 638 Caucasian ...
Ross Katherine L - - 2013
Publically accessible blood pressure monitors are widely used, but little information is available on their accuracy. We compared blood pressure readings of 17 drug store monitors with those obtained using a validated home monitor (Omron BP742CAN) and both with those taken at home using the Canadian Hypertension Education Program protocol. ...
Duprez Daniel - - 2013
Prehypertension is the category of blood pressure (BP) defined as systolic BP between 120 and 139 mmHg and diastolic BP between 85 and 89 mmHg. Prehypertension is a continuum to hypertension and is emerging as an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The definition of the cardiometabolic syndrome is a ...
Shin Dong-Soo - - 2013
To examine the psychometric properties of a structured self-reported 8-item Korean-version Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-K) among rural older adults with hypertension. Cross-sectional descriptive survey. A rural community comprising three primary health care posts in Gangwon Province, South Korea. Ninety-two older adults with hypertension who received treatment at primary health ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >