Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 3912
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Kostis John B - - 2013
Most studies of an association of visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure with increased risk of future adverse cardiovascular events are of short duration and rarely include a placebo group. Using data from the double-blind, placebo-controlled Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program, the authors examined mortality from cardiovascular causes up to ...
Martínez-García Miguel-Angel MA Respiratory Department, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, - - 2013
More than 70% of patients with resistant hypertension have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, there is little evidence about the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension. To assess the effect of CPAP treatment on blood pressure values and nocturnal blood ...
Kaye David M - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the impact of a device-mediated modification of the injection pressure profile on iodinated contrast volumes during coronary angiography and PCI. Background: The development of iodinated contrast-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing coronary angiography and intervention, particularly in the ...
Toro-Funes N N Department of Nutrition and Food Science-XaRTA, INSA, Faculty of Pharmacy, Campus de l'Alimentació Torribera, University of Barcelona, Avda. Prat de la Riba 171, 08921 Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Barcelona, - - 2014
Ultra high pressure homogenization (UHPH) is a useful novel technology to obtain safe and high-quality liquid foods. The effect of UHPH at 200 and 300MPa in combination with different inlet temperatures (Tin) (55, 65 and 75°C) on the bioactive compounds of soya milk was studied. Total phytosterols increased with the ...
Welsh Paul P BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, 126 University Pl, Glasgow G12 8TA, United Kingdom. Paul.Welsh@glasgow.ac.uk or - - 2014
We investigated 3 hypotheses: (1) N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) predicts cardiovascular disease events in patients with hypertension, (2) NT-proBNP is associated with blood pressure variability, and (3) NT-proBNP predicts benefit from antihypertensive regimens. The Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT) randomized a subset of 6549 patients at risk with no ...
Davis Sharon K SK National Institutes of Health, National Human Genome Research Institute, Bethesda, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention on modifiable cardiovascular risk factors among high-risk African Americans. The study included a randomized treatment/controlled intervention trial among 136 African Americans residing in Atlanta, GA who were overweight and had elevated blood pressure. The treatment ...
Hughson Michael D - - 2013
African Americans have more severe hypertensive nephrosclerosis than white Americans, possibly at similar levels of blood pressure. Glomerular volume is increased in African Americans relative to whites, but it is uncertain how this relates to nephrosclerosis and whether it contributes to or compensates for glomerulosclerosis. Stereological disector/fractionator estimates of glomerular ...
Calhoun David A DA Vascular Biology and Hypertension Program, Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 430 BMR3, 1530 3rd Ave South, Birmingham, AL 35242. - - 2014
Refractory hypertension is an extreme phenotype of antihypertensive treatment failure. Participants in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study, a large (n=30 239), population-based cohort were evaluated to determine the prevalence of refractory hypertension and associated cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidities. Refractory hypertension was defined as ...
Cader Rizna Abdul - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in dialysis patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) being an important predictor of mortality. We wanted to determine the prevalence of LVH in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and factors contributing to it. This is a cross-sectional study assessing LVH using echocardiogram in ...
Zheng Liqiang - - 2013
A prediction model from the US Framingham Heart Study (FHS) population has been established to estimate an individual's risk of developing hypertension. However, this model has not been widely tested in other cohorts. In this study, we examined the predictive capability of the FHS prediction model in a rural Chinese ...
Parati Gianfranco - - 2013
In-office blood pressure (BP) measurements have recognized limitations, including the inability to collect BP information over a long period of time, and during an individual's usual daily activities. Home or ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) may therefore be used to complement conventional office measurements, thereby improving prognostic value. Of particular relevance ...
Taylor Brett M - - 2014
The influence of social demography on sex change schedules in protogynous reef fishes is well established, yet effects across spatial scales (in particular, the magnitude of natural variation relative to size-selective fishing effects) are poorly understood. Here, I examine variation in timing of sex change for exploited parrotfishes across a ...
Liu Yang - - 2013
Aliskiren, a direct renin inhibitor, is effective for reducing blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension when combined with amlodipine or hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). However, the efficacy and tolerability of the 2 combinations are unclear. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of aliskiren/amlodpine and aliskiren/HCTZ for hypertension. The Cochrane ...
Cicero Arrigo F G - - 2013
Serum uric acid (SUA) levels correlate with many recognized cardiovascular risk factors, including age, male sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity, and insulin resistance. The aim of our study was to verify in a large well characterized population sample the relationship between SUA values, hypertension, arterial stiffness and subclinical atherosclerosis. ...
Wensink Maarten J - - 2013
Theory predicts that senescence should inevitably evolve because selection pressure declines with age. Yet, data show that senescence is not a universal phenomenon. How can these observations peacefully coexist? Evolution of any trait hinges on its impact on fitness. A complete mathematical description of change in fitness, the total fitness ...
Lan Patrick G - - 2013
Objective: To determine the reliability of automated blood pressure (BP) measuring devices in hypertensive pregnancies. Methods: Three sequential measurements were taken using mercury sphygmomanometry and an automated device in pregnant hypertensive women (n = 89). Results: Systolic BP (SBP) was higher with the automated device (mean difference 2.5 mmHg, 95% CI: 1.9-3.2 mmHg), whereas ...
Poirier Luc L Clinique d'hypertension et département de pharmacie, CHUL, CHU de Québec, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
β-Adrenergic receptor blockers or β-blockers represent one of the oldest classes of cardiovascular agents and have been considered a cornerstone therapy for hypertension and heart disease for the past 5 decades. They are advocated as a first-line treatment for uncomplicated essential hypertension in patients younger than 60 years of age ...
Barrington Debbie S - - 2013
Black men have higher blood pressure (BP) levels and consequently higher prevalence of hypertension compared with men from other ethnic groups in the United States. Socio-familial factors in childhood have been found to play an important role in hypertension, but few studies have examined this relationship among black men. We ...
Köhler Sebastian - - 2013
Midlife hypertension is a risk factor for dementia, but little is known about the cognitive trajectories of individuals with incident hypertension. This study follows the cognitive functioning in prevalent and incident hypertension for 12 years and in relation to age and treatment status. Cognitively intact adults aged 25 to 84 ...
Sasamura Hiroyuki - - 2013
Recently, we reported that transient treatment of genetically hypertensive rats with high-dose angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) causes regression of established hypertension. In this study, we investigated whether treatment with candesartan or nifedipine controlled-release (CR) resulted in a sustained regression of hypertension in humans. Patients aged 30 to 59 years with ...
Polonia Jorge J - - 2013
High salt intake has been associated with the development of arterial hypertension, but it still remains controversial as to how salt consumption relates with central haemodynamics and central pressures. For interventional purposes, it is crucial to identify the main food categories that contribute toward high salt consumption. In 638 Caucasian ...
Ross Katherine L - - 2013
Publically accessible blood pressure monitors are widely used, but little information is available on their accuracy. We compared blood pressure readings of 17 drug store monitors with those obtained using a validated home monitor (Omron BP742CAN) and both with those taken at home using the Canadian Hypertension Education Program protocol. ...
Duprez Daniel - - 2013
Prehypertension is the category of blood pressure (BP) defined as systolic BP between 120 and 139 mmHg and diastolic BP between 85 and 89 mmHg. Prehypertension is a continuum to hypertension and is emerging as an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The definition of the cardiometabolic syndrome is a ...
Shin Dong-Soo - - 2013
To examine the psychometric properties of a structured self-reported 8-item Korean-version Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-K) among rural older adults with hypertension. Cross-sectional descriptive survey. A rural community comprising three primary health care posts in Gangwon Province, South Korea. Ninety-two older adults with hypertension who received treatment at primary health ...
Kwon Dae Hyun DH Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2013
Survivors of pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are at risk for developing hypertension. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of early onset hypertension during the engraftment period after HSCT. This is a retrospective study of 157 consecutive patients (mean age at HSCT: ...
Cai Guangyan - - 2013
Data regarding hypertension in elderly adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains limited. This study aimed to assess the epidemiological characteristics of hypertension in elderly adults with CKD using data from a nationwide survey. A nationwide, multicenter, cross-sectional study with a large sample. The Survey of Prevalence, Awareness, and Treatment ...
Coelho-Souza Sérgio A SA Departamento de Biotecnologia Marinha, Instituto de Ciências do Mar Almirante Paulo Moreira, Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil. ; Universidade de Santo Amaro, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. ; Laboratório de Traçadores, Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2013
Arraial do Cabo is where upwelling occurs more intensively on the Brazilian coast. Although it is a protection area it suffers anthropogenic pressure such as harbor activities and sporadic sewage emissions. Short-time studies showed a high variability of bacterial production (BP) in this region but none of them evaluated BP ...
Shibata Dean D aDepartment of Radiology, University of Washington Medical Centre, Seattle, Washington, USA bNational Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College London cDepartment of Radiology, St Mary's Hospital, Imperial College NHS Healthcare Trust, London, - - 2013
Stroke is elevated in people of black African descent, but evidence for excess subclinical cerebrovascular disease is conflicting, and the role of risk factors in determining any ethnic differences observed unexplored. We compared prevalence of brain infarcts, and severe white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) on cerebral MRI, in a community-based sample ...
Gulec Sadi S Department of Cardiology, Ankara University School of Medicine , Ankara, - - 2013
It is estimated that one out of three adults has hypertension and that more than 50% of them are unaware of this condition. Blood pressure screening can facilitate early diagnosis and reduce the risk of further complications associated with hypertension. However, disagreement between credible guidelines on major topics like diagnosis ...
Sengul Sule S Department of Nephrology, Ankara University School of Medicine , Ankara, - - 2013
Despite major progress in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment during the recent decades, hypertension remains the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality throughout the world. The prevalence of hypertension in developing countries continues to rise reaching alarming rates. Several risk factors of hypertension appear to be more common in ...
Cappuccio Francesco P FP World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Nutrition, University of Warwick, Warwick Medical School , Coventry, - - 2013
Salt is one of the most important determinants of high blood pressure and increased cardiovascular risk worldwide. However, a high salt intake has other adverse effects beyond those involving the cardiovascular system, so that there is renewed interest in the relationships between high salt intake and other diseases.
Sengul Sule S Department of Nephrology, Ankara University School of Medicine , Ankara, - - 2013
Worldwide, both hypertension and chronic kidney disease are major public health problems, due to their epidemic proportions and their association with high cardiovascular mortality. In 2003, the first Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Turkey (the PatenT) study was conducted in a nationally representative population (n=4910) by the ...
Ruilope Luis - - 2013
Central blood pressure (BP), an important measure of cardiovascular risk, has been shown to be effectively reduced by calcium channel blockade with amlodipine (AML) plus renin-angiotensin system blockade by the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, perindopril (PER). The aim of the SEVITENSION study was to compare the central effects of PER/AML against ...
Pagonas N - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that blood pressure variability (BPV, variation of blood pressure over time) constitutes a strong and independent marker of cardiovascular risk. The all-cause mortality is >50% greater in subjects with a standard deviation of inter-visit blood pressure >5 mm Hg. Regular aerobic exercise reduces blood pressure and is recommended ...
Dolan Eamon - - 2013
The term masked hypertension phenomenon was first described by the late Professor Thomas Pickering and is commonly defined as having a normal clinic blood pressure (BP) but an elevated "out of office" reading. In the main these elevated readings have been provided through ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) but sometimes ...
Nelissen Heleen E - - 2013
To study the prevalence of target organ damage (TOD) in hypertensive adults in a general population in rural Nigeria, to assess determinants of TOD and the contribution of TOD screening to assess eligibility for antihypertensive treatment. All adults diagnosed with hypertension (nā€Š=ā€Š387) and a random sample (nā€Š=ā€Š540) out of all ...
McCarty Catherine A - - 2013
There have been numerous studies assessing the association of diet and blood pressure but little is known about the association between less commonly used nutritional supplements and blood pressured. The purpose of this study was to quantify the use of dietary supplements and their potential association with blood pressure in ...
Dahlberg Jonas - - 2013
We have previously shown that genetic variance in NEDD4L, a regulating protein of a sodium channel in the distal nephron, has been associated with marginally higher blood pressure and enhanced salt sensitivity. Here, we tested if the genetic NEDD4L variation previously associated with salt sensitivity is related to population blood ...
Wojnarowska Z Z Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice, - - 2013
In this Letter we report the relation between ionic conductivity and structural relaxation in supercooled protic ionic liquids (PILs) under high pressure. The results of high-pressure dielectric and volumetric measurements, combined with rheological and temperature-modulated differential scanning calorimetry experiments, have revealed a fundamental difference between the conducting properties under isothermal ...
Alici Hayri - - 2013
Nondipper pattern of blood pressure (BP) is associated with cardiovascular risk. In this study, we compared dipper versus nondipper patterns between normotensive patients with panic disorder (PD) and a control group. A total of 25 normotensive patients with PD and 25 controls were enrolled. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory BP monitoring was performed ...
Weinberg Ido I Institute for Heart Vascular and Stroke Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
An increased interarm systolic blood pressure difference is an easily determined physical examination finding. The relationship between interarm systolic blood pressure difference and risk of future cardiovascular disease is uncertain. We described the prevalence and risk factor correlates of interarm systolic blood pressure difference in the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) ...
Ojeda Norma B - - 2013
Experimental models of developmental programming provide proof of concept and support Barker's original findings that link birth weight and blood pressure. Many experimental models of developmental insult demonstrate a sex difference with male offspring exhibiting a higher blood pressure in young adulthood relative to their age-matched female counterparts. It is ...
Khosravi Ahmad - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension and its determinants in the 40-64 year old population of Shahroud in the north of Iran. The blood pressure of 5,190 of the 40-64 year old people participating in the first phase of Shahroud Eye Cohort Study was measured using the standard method. Sampling ...
Julius Stevo - - 2013
Previous studies reported increased white blood cell counts (WBCCs), an inflammatory marker, in hypertension, prehypertension and metabolic syndrome. Evidence suggests that inflammation precedes blood pressure (BP) elevation and may contribute to incident hypertension. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) may reduce inflammation. We analyzed WBCC trends in TRial Of Preventing HYpertension (TROPHY) ...
Hametner Bernhard - - 2013
Analysis of the arterial pressure curve plays an increasing role in cardiovascular risk stratification. Measures of wave reflection and aortic stiffness have been identified as independent predictors of risk. Their determination is usually based on wave propagation models of the circulation. Another modeling approach relies on modified Windkessel models, where ...
Avet John J Service de radiologie, CHU Nord, 42055 Saint-Étienne, France; Service de médecine nucléaire, CHU Nord, 42055 Saint-Étienne, - - 2013
Old age and hypertension are consistently reported to be the main risk factors of leukoaraiosis. The association between white matter lesions (WMLs) and other cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) remains controversial. We evaluated the association between CVRF and WMLs in a cohort study and determined the blood pressure variables that could ...
Gillespie Cathleen D - - 2013
Hypertension is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. As the first and fourth leading causes of death in the United States, heart disease and stroke occur in approximately 30% of adults aged ≥18 years in the United States. Disparities in the prevalence of hypertension among racial/ethnic groups ...
Park Jae-Hyeong - - 2013
Reverse dipper, blood pressure (BP) rises during night-time, is a risk factor of increased cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients. However, we have little information whether reverse dipper in acute stage of cerebral infarction (CI) affects on the recurrence and mortality. We studied to assess the relationship between reverse dipper and ...
Chan Q - - 2013
Inverse associations have been reported of overall vegetable intake to blood pressure (BP); whether such relations prevail for both raw and cooked vegetables has not been examined. Here we report cross-sectional associations of vegetable intakes with BP for 2195 Americans ages 40-59 in the International Study of Macro/Micronutrients and Blood ...
Shaw Brett H - - 2013
Falls are devastating events and are the largest contributor towards injury-related hospitalization of older adults. Orthostatic hypotension (OH) represents an intrinsic risk factor for falls in older adults. OH refers to a significant decrease in blood pressure upon assuming an upright posture. Declines in blood pressure can reduce cerebral perfusion; ...
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