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Results 451 - 500 of 3644
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Noor Sufian K M - - 2013
Introduction: Hypertension is a non-communicable disease of increasing importance in developing countries. Due to its silent nature and serious complications, active screening is essential in case detection. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension and to find out whether there are ethnic variations in ...
Al-Maqbali Ali Abdullah - - 2013
To estimate the prevalence of pre-hypertension and its association with some selected cardiovascular risk factors among the Omani adult population in the primary healthcare setting. A cross-sectional study involving a sample taken from a National Screening Program of chronic non-communicable diseases in primary healthcare institutions, Sohar city, Sultanate of Oman ...
Nary Fernando Costa - - 2013
To assess the association of prehypertension with metabolic, inflammatory and cardiovascular risk profile in asymptomatic individuals. Between 2006 and 2009, 11,011 asymptomatic adults (mean age: 43 years; 22% females), underwent a check-up protocol. They were divided into 3 groups: normotensive group (arterial pressure=120/80mmHg), prehypertensive group (arterial pressure >120/80mmHg and <140/90mmHg) ...
Wee Liang En - - 2013
Introduction: This study investigated the effect of an access-enhanced intervention on hypertension screening and management, as well as on health behaviours among newly diagnosed hypertensives, in a multi-ethnic low socioeconomic status (SES) community. Factors associated with hypertension screening, treatment, and control in the community were also determined. Materials and Methods: ...
Adamczuk Małgorzata - - 2013
In this study, the spatial distribution of brood-bearing females of five species of limnetic cladocerans (Daphnia cucullata, D. longispina, Bosmina coregoni, B. longirostris, Diaphanosoma brachyurum) in the deep mesotrophic lake in relation to the predation pressure of planktivorous fish (roach Rutilus rutilus, perch Perca fluviatilis, catfish Ictalurus nebulosus, white fish Coregonus ...
Kusuma Yadlapalli Sriparvati - - 2013
The present study is apart of a cross-sectional prevalence study. Descriptive statistics were used to present the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the influence of socio-demographic and other variables on awareness and on current medication use. The results reveal that only ...
Syamsunder Avupati Naga AN Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, - - 2013
Cardiovascular morbidities have been reported in hypothyroidism. The objective of this study is to investigate the link of sympathovagal imbalance (SVI) to cardiovascular risks (CVRs) and the plausible mechanisms of CVR in hypothyroidism. Age-matched 104 females (50 controls, 54 hypothyroids) were recruited and their body mass index (BMI), cardiovascular parameters, ...
Gholami-Fesharaki Mohammad M PhD Candidate, Department of Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, - - 2013
Hypertension is a health problem in Iran. Given the importance of this subject, we reviewed the factors affecting the blood pressure in this survey. This retrospective cohort study was performed on 3961 male workers employed at Isfahan Polyacryl Corporation (Iran) in health and safety executive between 1996 until 2008. In ...
Afsar Baris B Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Konya Numune State Hospital, Konya, - - 2013
Many studies have aimed to determine whether body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), or waist to hip ratio (WHR) best predicts hypertension in diabetic patients, with conflicting results. However, no study has examined the specific relationship between these anthropometric parameters with sustained normotension (SNT), white coat hypertension (WCHT), masked ...
Lin Tung-Cheng - - 2013
Abstract Online game playing may induce physiological effects. However, the physical mechanisms that cause these effects remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the physiological effects of long-hour online gaming from an autonomic nervous system (ANS) perspective. Heart rate variability (HRV), a valid and noninvasive electrocardiographic method ...
Rossen Niklas Blach - - 2013
Central blood pressure (BP) has attracted increasing interest because of a potential superiority over brachial BP in predicting cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Several devices estimating central BP noninvasively are now available. The aim of our study was to determine the validity of the Arteriograph, a brachial cuff-based, oscillometric device, in ...
Harbild H L - - 2013
This intervention examined whether fish-oil-supplementation in late infancy modifies free-play test scores and if this is related to blood pressure (BP) and mean RR interval. 83 Danish 9-month-old infants were randomized to ±fish oil (FO) (3.4±1.1mL/d) for 3months and 61 of these completed the free-play-test before and after the intervention. ...
Thankappan K R - - 2013
Community based intervention to control hypertension is extremely limited in India. We conducted this study to find the effectiveness of a community based intervention program on the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension. A baseline survey was conducted among 4627 adults aged ≥30 years (men 44%) selected by cluster sampling. ...
Shi-Hua Fang - - 2013
Objective To analyze the associations between menopause and hypertension/isolated systolic hypertension(ISH)among rural females in Hanzhong,Shaanxi Province,China.Methods In this cross-sectional study,3030 residents were selected by stratified random sampling and investigated by questionnaire survey and physical examinations.Data of the females were analyzed to explore the impact of menopause on blood pressure by ...
O'Flynn C C - - 2013
This study investigated effects of high pressure (HP) treatment of pork meat at 150 or 300MPa for 5min before manufacturing sausages on the reduction of phosphate levels and compared to sausages manufactured with untreated pork meat (control sausages). Improvement in perceived saltiness, juiciness and overall flavour was observed in sausages ...
Mosca Irene - - 2013
To assess prevalence rates of subjective and objective reports of two cardiovascular disorders (hypertension and hypercholesterolemia) for the same subset of respondents in a large-scale study. To determine whether and the extent to which the socioeconomic health gradient differed in the subjective and objective reports of the two cardiovascular disorders. ...
Choi S-W - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics of patients with resistant hypertension (RH) and predictors among elderly Korean hypertensives. This prospective, multi-center, observational study evaluated 2439 elderly hypertensive patients between December 2008 and November 2011, who visited secondary hypertension clinics for high blood pressure (BP). Patients ...
Oliveras A - - 2013
Among the vast population of hypertensive subjects, between 10 and 15% do not achieve an adequate blood pressure (BP) control despite the use of at least three antihypertensive agents. This group, designated as having resistant hypertension (RH), represents one of the most important clinical challenges in hypertension evaluation and management. ...
Wang Jing-Zhang - - 2013
Essential hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and the early-diagnosis is very important for the prevention of essential hypertension. Previously, we found that Pin1, the only known enzyme isomerizing pSer/pThr-Pro motifs in proteins, may gradually become inactive under conditions of stress such as intracellular acidification ...
Kim Hye In - - 2013
Whether the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-7) guidelines can be applied to the Asian population remains unclear. We aim to test the hypothesis that adherence to the JNC-7 guidelines is associated with hypertension in a representative sample ...
Matthews Kathleen A - - 2013
There are few data available examining the clinical impact of switching patients from hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) to chlorthalidone for blood pressure management. The goal of this study was to compare within-patient clinic blood pressure readings, serum electrolyte levels, and renal function markers before and after a medication change from HCTZ to ...
Kondrin M V - - 2013
The dielectric response in methanol measured in wide pressure and temperature ranges (P < 6.0 GPa; 100 K < T < 360 K) reveals a series of anomalies which can be interpreted as a transformation between several solid phases of methanol including a hitherto unknown high-pressure low-temperature phase with the ...
Klarenbeek Pim - - 2013
Asymptomatic lacunar infarcts, white matter lesions, cerebral microbleeds, and enlarged perivascular spaces are MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD). Higher blood pressure (BP) levels are associated with the presence of these markers separately, but the association with the total burden of cSVD on brain MRI, expressed by the ...
Ziegler Ann-Kathrin - - 2013
Background: Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RD) causes significant blood pressure (BP) reductions in patients with resistant hypertension (rHTN). However, hypertensive elderly patients reportedly have a lower sympathetic tone than younger patients and a blood pressure lowering effect of RD in this population has not yet been demonstrated. The purpose of ...
Tanaka Kenichi K Departments of Nephrology and Hypertension, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan; Chronic Kidney Disease Initiatives, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, - - 2014
At 14:46 on 11 March 2011, northeastern Japan was struck by a major earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale (the Great East Japan Earthquake). Several reports have suggested a transient blood pressure (BP) increase after a major earthquake, but its impact on BP in chronic dialysis patients has not ...
Sulistyoningrum Dian C - - 2013
Circulating vitamin D (25OHD) concentrations are negatively associated with blood pressure (BP) but little is known about the mechanisms for this relationship. Adiposity is positively associated with BP and inversely with circulating 25OHD concentrations but no studies have assessed the relationship between plasma 25OHD and adiposity on BP. The goal ...
Taylor Clare C King's College London (Institute of Psychiatry), London, - - 2013
To investigate long-term prospective associations between a range of measurements of hypertensive status in midlife and cognitive impairment 20 years later. Cohort study. Two areas (Southall and Brent) of northwest London. Survey samples of a multiethnic population (European, African Caribbean, South Asian) aged 40 to 67 were followed up 20 ...
García-Ortiz Luis - - 2013
The relationship between regular physical activity, measured objectively and by self-report, and the circadian pattern of 24-hour ambulatory arterial blood pressure (BP) has not been clarified. We performed a cross-sectional study in a cohort of healthy patients. We included 1,345 patients from the EVIDENT study (mean age 55±14 years; 59.3% ...
Archiza Bruno - - 2013
The cardiovascular system is noticeably affected by respiration. However, whether different inspiratory resistive loading intensities can influence autonomic heart rate (HR) modulation remains unclear. The objective was to investigate HR modulation at three different inspiratory resistive loading intensities in healthy elderly men. This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study that ...
de Faria Ana Pc - - 2013
Obesity, arterial stiffness and high aldosterone levels can interact to cause resistant hypertension (RHTN). Lower adiponectin (APN) levels may be significantly associated with hypertension. However, the importance of hypoadiponectinemia as a complicating factor in the lack of blood pressure (BP) control in individuals with RHTN has not been demonstrated. Ninety-six ...
Fuchs F D - - 2013
The risk that lowering blood pressure (BP) excessively increases the incidence of cardiovascular disease-the J-shaped phenomenon-has been a matter of concern endorsed by many experts, particularly in patients with coronary heart disease and diabetes. The results of the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Type 2 Diabetes (ACCORD) trial strengthened ...
Modesti Pietro Amedeo - - 2013
An increase in blood pressure values measured during winter either in the office, at home, or at ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was consistently observed. Besides potentially contributing to increase the risk for cardiovascular events during the cold season, long term blood pressure variations can influence results of clinical trials, epidemiological ...
Franceschini Nora N Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2013
High blood pressure (BP) is more prevalent and contributes to more severe manifestations of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in African Americans than in any other United States ethnic group. Several small African-ancestry (AA) BP genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have been published, but their findings have failed to replicate to date. We ...
Kubo Tatsuhiko - - 2013
We investigated whether the association between shift work and hypertension is independent of weight gain. Subjects were 10,173 male employees (9209 daytime workers, 964 three-shift workers; mean follow-up period: 12.7 years). Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure 140 mm Hg or more or diastolic blood pressure 90 mm Hg ...
Yano Yuichiro - - 2013
Background: Among elderly hypertensive patients, we aimed to assess the association of nocturnal blood pressure (BP) pattern on stroke; interaction of dipping pattern with kidney disease was explored. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 1,276 elderly (≥60 years) hypertensive Japanese patients (mean 74 years; 40% were men) who had ...
Jaffe Marc G - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Hypertension control for large populations remains a major challenge. OBJECTIVE To describe a large-scale hypertension program in Northern California and to compare rates of hypertension control in that program with statewide and national estimates. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS The Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) hypertension program included a multifaceted ...
Miersch André - - 2013
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Blood pressure tracking could help to identify individuals with potential hypertension. Therefore, we have asked whether or not tracking was of predictive value for the development of hypertension in early life. Blood pressure was routinely measured in 13,261 children ...
Kovesdy Csaba P - - 2013
Chinese translation The ideal blood pressure (BP) to decrease mortality rates in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear. To assess the association of BP (defined as the combination of systolic BP [SBP] and diastolic BP [DBP] at the individual level) with death in patients with CKD. Historical ...
Shah Mauli T - - 2013
Longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and blood pressure have been inconsistent. Most studies have examined incident hypertension as an outcome, and few have examined effect modification. This study examined moderating influences of sex and age on coincident trajectories of depressive symptoms and blood pressure among 2,087 participants from the Baltimore ...
Evans Gary W - - 2013
ObjectiveChildhood deprivation is inimical to health throughout the life course. Early experiences of stress could play a role in health inequalities. An important aspect of childhood poverty that has not received much attention is cardiovascular reactivity to and recovery from acute stressors.MethodsPiecewise, multilevel growth curve regression was used to examine ...
Glodzik Lidia - - 2013
In hypertension (HTN), cerebral blood flow regulation limits are changed, and the threshold for blood pressure (BP) at which perfusion is safely maintained is higher. This shift may increase the brain's vulnerability to lower BP in subjects with vascular disease. We investigated whether longitudinal reduction in mean arterial pressure (MAP) ...
Wang Hong H Hypertension and Vascular Research Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 West Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI 48202. - - 2013
In Dahl salt-sensitive rats (Dahl SS), glomerular capillary pressure increases in response to high salt intake and this is accompanied by significant glomerular injury compared with spontaneously hypertensive rats with similar blood pressure. Glomerular capillary pressure is controlled mainly by afferent arteriolar resistance, which is regulated by the vasoconstrictor tubule ...
Hastie Claire E CE BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8TA, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Recent evidence indicates that long-term visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (BPV) may be an independent cardiovascular risk predictor. The implication of this variability in hypertension clinical practice is unclear. BPV as average real variability (ARV) was calculated in 14,522 treated patients with hypertension in 4 time frames: year 1 (Y1), years ...
Dörr Oliver - - 2013
Therapy-resistant arterial hypertension causing psychosocial stress and is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect on quality of life (QoL) in patients with resistant hypertension undergoing renal sympathetic denervation (RSD). We analyzed responses to the SF-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire provided ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2013
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular events, including ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. Reduction of blood pressure by lifestyle measures and antihypertensive drug therapy reduces stroke in elderly men and women. The use of diuretics, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, or angiotensin receptor blockers causes ...
Davies Simon J - - 2013
To compare stroke volume (SV) and preload responsiveness measurements from different technologies with the esophageal Dopplermonitor (EDM). Prospective measurement study. Operating room. 20 ASA physical status 3 patients undergoing vascular, major urological, and bariatric surgery. Subjects received fluids using a standard Doppler protocol of 250mL of colloid administered until SV ...
Zota Ami R - - 2013
Scientists and regulators have sought to understand whether and how physiologic dysregulation due to chronic stress exposure may enhance vulnerability to the adverse health effects of toxicant exposures. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine whether allostatic load (AL), a composite measure of physiologic response to chronic exposure to stress, ...
Ostlund Eva - - 2013
Women with a history of preeclampsia are at increased risk of future cardiovascular disease. Preeclampsia is associated with elevated blood pressure, inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, and these findings remain 1 year after delivery. Whether these abnormalities persist long after delivery, and whether they may contribute to future cardiovascular disease, is ...
Liu Xuefeng - - 2013
Accumulating evidence reveals that albuminuria may exacerbate uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients. However, racial differences in the associations of albuminuria with uncontrolled BP among diagnosed hypertensives have not been evaluated. A total of 6147 diagnosed hypertensive subjects aged 18 years were collected from the National Health and Nutrition ...
Toth Peter - - 2013
Hypertension in the elderly substantially contributes to cerebromicrovascular damage and promotes the development of vascular cognitive impairment. Despite the importance of the myogenic mechanism in cerebromicrovascular protection, it is not well understood how aging affects the functional adaptation of cerebral arteries to high blood pressure. Hypertension was induced in young ...
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