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Colussi Gianluca G Clinica Medica, Hypertension Unit, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medical Science, University of Udine, Udine, - - 2014
Studies on fish oil effects on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) are inconclusive. We evaluated fish effects on fatty acid composition of red blood cell (RBC) membrane and ABP values and tested the hypothesis that the starting membrane fatty acid composition affects the ability to incorporate additional polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) ...
Rosenwasser Rebecca F RF Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research, College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Elevated central systolic blood pressure (BP) increases the risk of cardiovascular events and appears superior to peripheral BP for long term risk prediction. The objective of this study was to identify demographic and clinical factors associated with central pressures in patients with uncomplicated hypertension. We prospectively examined peripheral BP, central ...
Lim Wai-Yee WY aSaw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore and National University Health System bKK Women's and Children's Hospital cYong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System dDepartment of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System eDepartment of Paediatrics, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System fSingapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science and Technology Research (A'STAR) gMedicine Dean's Office, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore hMedical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton iNIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK jLiggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand *Seang-Mei Saw and An Pan contributed equally to the writing of this - - 2014
Greater maternal adiposity is a potentially modifiable risk factor for elevated blood pressure during pregnancy; however, the association has been little studied in Asian populations, and no study has evaluated potential differences in the adiposity-blood pressure relation between ethnic groups or interaction with gestational diabetes. We performed a cross-sectional evaluation ...
Arbique Debbie D UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Internal Medicine, Cardiology Division: Hypertension Section, Dallas, - - 2014
The burden of orthostatic hypotension (OH) on public health is a universally recognized enigmatic clinical condition that is associated with significant increases on morbidity and mortality rates, and can take a major toll on one's quality of life. Orthostatic hypotension is predictive of vascular deaths from acute myocardial infarction, strokes ...
Hänninen M-Ra MR Population Studies Unit, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Turku, - - 2014
The association between masked hypertension and metabolic syndrome (MS) or insulin resistance is unclear. We investigated an untreated nationwide population sample (n=1582, age 44-74 years). Duplicate office blood pressure (BP) measurements were taken on one visit and duplicate morning and evening home measurements were taken for 7 days. Masked hypertension ...
Yücel Kamile K Center of Blood Konya Education and Research Hospital; Konya-Turkey. - - 2014
Masked hypertension is a clinical condition, the importance of which is agreed in recent years and which is characterized by increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity and is thought to be important endothelial dysfunction in the pathophysiology. Plasma total homocysteine levels are accepted as a major independent biomarker for endothelial dysfunction ...
Flack John M JM Division of Translational Research and Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA, - - 2014
African Americans have a higher burden of hypertension, more severe blood pressure (BP) elevations, more concurrent risk-enhancing co-morbidities (e.g., diabetes), sub-clinical vascular injury at lower non-hypertensive BP levels, lower BP control rates, and significantly greater risk for adverse pressure-related clinical complications (e.g., stroke, heart failure) than whites. Randomized prospective data ...
Hart E C J EC School of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom; - - 2014
Sex and age have important influences on sympathetic neural control of blood pressure in humans. Young women are relatively protected against risk of hypertension due to greater peripheral vasodilator influences compared with young men and older people. This protective effect is lost at menopause. Older men and women have higher ...
Streby Henry M HM Minnesota Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology, University of Minnesota, , 200 Hodson Hall, St Paul, MN 55108, USA, US Geological Survey, Minnesota Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Minnesota, , 200 Hodson Hall, St Paul, MN 55108, USA, Department of Environmental Science Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, , 130 Mulford Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2014
When opposing evolutionary selection pressures act on a behavioural trait, the result is often stabilizing selection for an intermediate optimal phenotype, with deviations from the predicted optimum attributed to tracking a moving target, development of behavioural syndromes or shifts in riskiness over an individual's lifetime. We investigated nest-site choice by ...
Dolezsar Cynthia M CM Department of Psychology, Concordia - - 2014
Objective: Discrimination is posited to underlie racial disparities in hypertension. Extant literature suggests a possible association between racial discrimination and blood pressure, although inconsistent findings have been reported. The aim of this comprehensive systematic review was to quantitatively evaluate the association between perceived racial discrimination with hypertensive status and systolic, ...
Murai Shunsuke S Department of Cardio-Renal Medicine and Hypertension, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, - - 2014
Kidney function and cardiovascular disease are closely connected and albuminuria is a proven marker of cardiovascular risk. The present study investigated the prevalence and characteristics of albuminuria in patients with hypertension. Outpatients with essential hypertension under medical treatment were enrolled in this study (n = 350, 70.0 ± 11.4 years ...
Asayama Kei K Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium ; Tohoku University Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sendai, - - 2014
The Global Burden of Diseases Study 2010 reported that hypertension is worldwide the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease, causing 9.4 million deaths annually. We examined to what extent self-measurement of home blood pressure (HBP) refines risk stratification across increasing categories of conventional blood pressure (CBP). This meta-analysis included 5,008 ...
Nascimento Dahan da Cunha Dda C Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil ; Department of Physical Education, University Center Euro American University Center, Brasilia, Brazil ; Strength Training and Health Research Group (GEPEEFS), Brasilia, - - 2014
Hypertension is the most prevalent modifiable risk factor with a high prevalence among older adults. Exercise is a nonpharmacological treatment shown to benefit all patients with hypertension. This study examined the effects of a 14-week moderate intensity resistance training program (RT) on the maintenance of blood pressure and hand grip ...
Xiao Wenkai W Department of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) acts synergistically with hypertension to exert a multiplicative effect on cardiovascular diseases risk. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between tHcy concentration and blood pressure, and to evaluate the role of plasma tHcy in arterial stiffness and wave reflection in hypertension. ...
Selvarajah Viknesh V Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom ; Department of Nephrology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Systolic blood pressure variability is an independent risk factor for mortality and cardiovascular events. Standard measures of blood pressure predict outcome poorly in haemodialysis patients. We investigated whether systolic blood pressure variability was associated with mortality in incident haemodialysis patients. We performed a longitudinal observational study of patients commencing haemodialysis ...
Sun Zhaoqing Z Division of Cardiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, P.R. - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the differences in the incidence of hypertension and associated risk factors between Mongolian and Han populations in northeast China. A population-based sample of 4753 Mongolian subjects and 20,247 Han subjects aged ≥35 years and free from hypertension at baseline were followed from 2004-2006 to ...
Petrella Robert J RJ Department of Family Medicine and Cardiology, Lawson Health Research Institute, University of Western Ontario, ON, - - 2014
The Canadian Hypertension Education Program (CHEP) has identified blood pressure (BP) control as a key target for an overall reduction in cardiovascular disease risk. The POWER survey (Physicians' Observational Work on Patient Education According to their Vascular Risk) used Framingham methodology to investigate the impact of an angiotensin-receptor-blocker-based regimen on ...
Slade Alexander N AN a University of Illinois at - - 2014
Dietary modification has been shown to substantially reduce blood pressure among people with hypertension. This article uses data from the 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 cross-sections of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine the extent to which a hypertension diagnosis can influence individuals' dietary choices. Several models were ...
Geiger Sarah Dee SD Department of Public Health, Northern Illinois University, School of Nursing and Health Studies, DeKalb, - - 2014
Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are perfluoroalkyl chemicals (PFCs) used in the manufacture of common consumer products and detected in the blood of the majority of Americans. Emerging biological data suggest that PFC exposure may have a role in ...
Liang J Q JQ Department of Cell Biology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Human cytochrome P450 4A11 (CYP4A11) plays a role in the regulation of blood pressure through the conversion of arachidonic acid into 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE). We therefore investigated the association between a CYP4A11 polymorphism (rs9333025) with hypertension in the Mongolian and Han ethnic groups. We studied 514 Mongolians in a pastoral ...
Bonsa Feyie F Department of Internal Medicine, Jimma University, - - 2014
Hypertension is the leading cause of death in the world and is the commonest cause for outpatient visits to physicians. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among adults in Bedele Town, South-west Ethiopia. A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted by ...
Joyner JaNae - - 2014
This study evaluates patient inertia (PtInert) factors including hopelessness in African Americans participating in church cardiovascular screening programs in low income areas in Forsyth County, North Carolina. Patient inertia is defined as an inability to assume adequate hypertension self-management behaviors, leading to poorly controlled hypertension. Previous findings revealed hopelessness related ...
Satoh Michihiro M Department of Pharmacy, Tohoku University Hospital , Sendai , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Based on ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring, the aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) has been reported to be associated with a diminished nocturnal decline in BP, generally referred to as a "non-dipping" pattern. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between ARR and the non-dipping pattern based ...
Sakaki Minako M Division of Hypertension - - 2014
Abstract Although salt restriction is very important for the management of blood pressure (BP), it is difficult to maintain low salt intake in hypertensive patients. The purpose of the present study is to investigate comparatively the characteristics of hypertensive patients with good or poor compliance to long-term salt restriction. Subjects ...
Qvist Ina I Department of Medicine, Diagnostic Centre, University Research Clinic for Innovative Patient Pathways, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Silkeborg, - - 2014
In general, it is assumed that patient education, by increasing knowledge, may change behavior and lifestyle and promote health. In this context, it is a surprise that knowledge and awareness about blood pressure and hypertension among elderly people is poor. We hypothesized that knowledge about blood pressure and hypertension would ...
Isobe Takehito T Research Division, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., - - 2014
Anti-angiogenic drugs that target Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) signaling pathways caused hypertension as an adverse effect in clinical studies. Since the hypertension may limit the benefit provided for patients, the demand for non-clinical research that predicts the clinical risk of the hypertension has risen greatly. To clarify whether non-clinical ...
Therrien J F - - 2014
Predation has been suggested to be especially important in simple food webs and less productive ecosystems such as the arctic tundra, but very few data are available to evaluate this hypothesis. We examined the hypothesis that avian predators could drive the population dynamics of two cyclic lemming species in the ...
Clark Cari Jo CJ Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America; Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America; Program in Health Disparities Research, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of - - 2014
Intimate partner violence has adverse health consequences, but little is known about its association with hypertension. This study investigates sex differences in the relationship between intimate partner violence and blood pressure outcomes. Data included 9,699 participants from waves 3 (2001-02) and 4 (2008-09) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent ...
Liang Xiaohua X Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing, Chongqing International Science and Technology Cooperation Center for Child Development and Disorders, Children's Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Jiulongpo District, Chongqing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Non-communicable diseases are leading causes of disease burden in middle income countries. Little evidence exists to determine if the primary healthcare system can effectively manage non-communicable diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of hypertension and diabetes management by the primary healthcare system. We used individual ...
Ng Khai P KP Department of Renal Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2014
Arterial stiffness is increased in patients with CKD and is a powerful predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Use of the xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol has been shown to improve endothelial function, reduce left ventricular hypertrophy and possibly improve cardiovascular outcome. We explored the relationship between use of allopurinol and ...
Car Halina H Zakład Farmakologii Doświadczalnej, Uniwersytet Medyczny w - - 2014
Whey is a rich natural source of peptides and amino acids. It has been reported in numerous studies that biological active peptides isolated from cow's milk whey may affect blood pressure regulation. Studies on animals and humans have shown that α-lactalbumin and β-lactoglobulin obtained from enzymatically hydrolysed whey inhibit angiotensin ...
Ghosh Rajeshwary R 0000-0002-6576-4242 Sinha Institute of Medical Science and Technology, 288 Kendua Main Road, Garia 700 084, - - 2014
The effect of dermcidin isoform 2 (dermcidin), an environmentally induced stress protein, was investigated on the genesis of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, the two major atherosclerotic risk factors. The role of dermcidin as an atherosclerotic risk factor related to the impaired systemic insulin level was investigated. Dermcidin was prepared by ...
Kimura Shin-Ichiro S Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of - - 2014
Multiple regression analysis (MRA) and principal component analysis (PCA) have been used in the present study to examine the relationships between the operational conditions of a unique multi-functional rotor processor, material attributes such as water content during granulation, and a series of associated micromeritics, including the flowability, granule mean size ...
Panhwar Abdul Haleem - - 2014
The abnormal metabolism of metal ions plays an important role in health and disease conditions, and studies about them have been attracting significant interest. The aim of our study was to assess the essential minerals (calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), potassium (K), and sodium (Na)) in biological samples (scalp hair, blood, ...
Head Geoffrey A GA Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne and Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
We determined clinical predictors of the rate of rise (RoR) in blood pressure in the morning as well as a novel measure of the power of the BP surge (BPpower) derived from ambulatory blood pressure recordings. BPpower and RoR were calculated from 409 ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) recordings from subjects ...
Hoff Ingrid Elise IE 0000-0001-7001-9530 Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Holterveien 24, 1441 Drøbak, Norway ; Department of Anaesthesiology, Oslo University Hospital, P.O. Box 4956, Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, - - 2014
Background. Correct volume management is essential in patients with respiratory failure. We investigated the ability of respiratory variations in noninvasive pulse pressure (ΔPP), photoplethysmographic waveform amplitude (ΔPOP), and pleth variability index (PVI) to reflect hypovolemia during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation by inducing hypovolemia with progressive lower body negative pressure (LBNP). ...
Kim Geehee G Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, St Vincent's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, South - - 2014
Diastolic dysfunction is associated with increased arterial stiffness in patients with hypertension. However, the role of arterial stiffness in diastolic dysfunction in subjects without hypertension has not been fully established. A total of 287 subjects (male:female ratio 121:166, mean age 53.0±14.4 years) without hypertension or any heart disease who simultaneously ...
Jinghua Li L Department of Clinical Laboratory, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China - - 2014
Background The aim of our study was to evaluate the serum concentration of sialic acid (SA) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in prehypertensive patients and the possible correlations between these 2 factors with blood pressure in such patients. Material and Methods We studied 61 prehypertensive patients, 70 hypertensive patients, and ...
Jadhav Uday U MGM New Bombay Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Despite antihypertensive treatment, most hypertensive patients still have high blood pressure (BP), notably high systolic blood pressure (SBP). The EFFICIENT study examines the efficacy and acceptability of a single-pill combination of sustained-release (SR) indapamide, a thiazide-like diuretic, and amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker (CCB), in the management of hypertension. Patients ...
Cheung Tommy Tsang TT Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Department of Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
Hypertension is common in Asian populations and is a major cause of cardiovascular diseases. The prevalence of hypertension is increasing in many Asian countries. The overall prevalence of hypertension in India and the People's Republic of China has been estimated to be 20.6% in men and 22.6% in women. However, ...
Dumbravă Emilia-Lidia - - 2014
Orthostatic intolerance syndrome is an important issue, having multiple etiologies and being the result of an inadequate response to changing in body position, namely the transition from supine to standing, a process that causes a series of responses regulated by the autonomic nervous system. The aim of this study was ...
Grazuleviciene Regina R Department of Environmental Science, Vytautas Magnus University, K. Donelaicio G. 58, Kaunas, LT-44248, Lithuania. - - 2014
This study investigated the effect of proximity to city parks on blood pressure categories during the first trimester of pregnancy. This cross-sectional study included 3,416 female residents of the city of Kaunas, Lithuania, who were enrolled in the FP7 PHENOTYPE project study. The women were classified into four blood pressure ...
He Feng J FJ Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2014
To determine the relationship between the reduction in salt intake that occurred in England, and blood pressure (BP), as well as mortality from stroke and ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Analysis of the data from the Health Survey for England. England, 2003 N=9183, 2006 N=8762, 2008 N=8974 and 2011 N=4753, aged ...
Saito Kimio K Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Hondo, Akita 010-8543, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate trunk stability in seated elderly and young individuals using a new device that inclines a seat while tracking the center of pressure (CoP). We evaluated the locus of CoP, locus length, locus length per second, enveloped area, root mean square area, and ...
Hashishin Takeshi T Joining and Welding Research Institute, Osaka University, 11-1, Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047, - - 2014
The mass production of highly dense oxides with high-temperature and high-pressure phases allows us to discover functional properties that have never been developed. To date, the quenching of highly dense materials at the gramme-level at ambient atmosphere has never been achieved. Here, we provide evidence of the formation of orthorhombic ...
Czyżewski Lukasz L Department of Nephrological Nursing, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2014
Background Arterial hypertension is a donor-related and modifiable risk factor in a graft dysfunction. The aim of the study was to perform a multi-factor analysis describing the relations between arterial hypertension and clinical parameters of a graft recipient. Material and Methods Fifty patients 3 months after a kidney transplant took ...
Komara M M Genetic Research Group, Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, - - 2014
The sympathetic nervous system plays a major role in blood pressure regulation. Beta 2 (β2) adrenoceptor gene polymorphisms have been associated with hypertension in different populations with conflicting results. We examined the association of three common polymorphisms, Arg16Gly, Gln27Glu, and Thr164Ile, of the β2 adrenoceptor gene in Malaysian hypertensive subjects. ...
Jiang Bin B 1] Department of Neuroepidemiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China [2] Beijing Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyse high blood pressure detection, management, control and associated factors among residents accessing community health services (CHSs) in Beijing. We screened for HBP in 9524 individuals aged 50 years or older who accessed care in four Beijing CHSs. Among the 9397 residents with ...
Deleanu Oana-Claudia - - 2014
Arterial hypertension (HT) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are associated through cause-effect relationship. We aimed to study the effect of medication controlled hypertension on OSAS patients. From 483 followed patients with OSAS, 252 associating HT; 142 patients of them (56.34%) received antihypertensive medication, 59 patients (41.54%) had controlled HT, ...
Bartley Katherine - - 2014
Our study examined: 1) racial/ethnic differences in sodium and potassium intake; and 2) racial/ethnic differences in the relationship between dietary intake and blood pressure. Data were collected in New York City in 2010, and included a telephone health survey, a 24-hour urine collection and an in-home clinical exam. Linear regression ...
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