Search Results
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Alsaleh Aseel A Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division, School of Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2014
Blood pressure is a heritable determinant of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Recent genome-wide association studies have identified several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with blood pressure, including rs1378942 in the c-Src tyrosine kinase (CSK) gene. Fish oil supplementation provides inconsistent protection from CVD, which may reflect genetic variation. We investigated the ...
Rodrigues Sérgio Lamêgo SL Department of Physiological Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, 29042-755 Vitória, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of dietary potassium on the sodium effect on blood pressure (BP) in the general population and the adherence of current recommendations for sodium and potassium intake. An overnight (12-hour) urine sample was collected in a population-based study to investigate cardiovascular ...
Shouk Reem R Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide with hypertension being a major contributing factor to cardiovascular disease-associated mortality. On a population level, non-pharmacological approaches, such as alternative/complementary medicine, including phytochemicals, have the potential to ameliorate cardiovascular risk factors, including high blood pressure. Several epidemiological studies suggest an antihypertensive ...
Wei Fang-Fei FF Center for Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials and Center for Vascular Evaluations, Shanghai Key Lab of Hypertension, Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Whether target organ damage is associated with blood pressure (BP) variability independent of level remains debated. We assessed these associations from 10-minute beat-to-beat, 24-hour ambulatory, and 7-day home BP recordings in 256 untreated subjects referred to a hypertension clinic. BP variability indices were variability independent of the mean, maximum-minimum difference, ...
Rosenwasser Rebecca F RF Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research, College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Elevated central systolic blood pressure (BP) increases the risk of cardiovascular events and appears superior to peripheral BP for long term risk prediction. The objective of this study was to identify demographic and clinical factors associated with central pressures in patients with uncomplicated hypertension. We prospectively examined peripheral BP, central ...
Colussi Gianluca G Clinica Medica, Hypertension Unit, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medical Science, University of Udine, Udine, - - 2014
Studies on fish oil effects on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) are inconclusive. We evaluated fish effects on fatty acid composition of red blood cell (RBC) membrane and ABP values and tested the hypothesis that the starting membrane fatty acid composition affects the ability to incorporate additional polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) ...
Salazar Martin R MR Hospital Universitario San Martín, La Plata, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
The significance in terms of the cardiovascular outcome of different patterns of blood pressure (BP) response to community-based activities has not been previously studied. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between changes of BP observed during a community-based program and long-term rate of cardiovascular disease (CVD) ...
Stoner Lee L School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Wellington, New - - 2014
Pulse wave analysis (PWA) has emerged as a noninvasive, valid, reliable, and widely used technique to investigate central blood pressures and systemic arterial wave reflection (augmentation index). The gold-standard technique is tonometry, but this technique can be challenging, especially when used on children. The purpose of this study was to ...
Lim Wai-Yee WY aSaw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore and National University Health System bKK Women's and Children's Hospital cYong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System dDepartment of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System eDepartment of Paediatrics, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System fSingapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science and Technology Research (A'STAR) gMedicine Dean's Office, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore hMedical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton iNIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK jLiggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand *Seang-Mei Saw and An Pan contributed equally to the writing of this - - 2014
Greater maternal adiposity is a potentially modifiable risk factor for elevated blood pressure during pregnancy; however, the association has been little studied in Asian populations, and no study has evaluated potential differences in the adiposity-blood pressure relation between ethnic groups or interaction with gestational diabetes. We performed a cross-sectional evaluation ...
Arbique Debbie D UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Internal Medicine, Cardiology Division: Hypertension Section, Dallas, - - 2014
The burden of orthostatic hypotension (OH) on public health is a universally recognized enigmatic clinical condition that is associated with significant increases on morbidity and mortality rates, and can take a major toll on one's quality of life. Orthostatic hypotension is predictive of vascular deaths from acute myocardial infarction, strokes ...
Yücel Kamile K Center of Blood Konya Education and Research Hospital; Konya-Turkey. - - 2014
Masked hypertension is a clinical condition, the importance of which is agreed in recent years and which is characterized by increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity and is thought to be important endothelial dysfunction in the pathophysiology. Plasma total homocysteine levels are accepted as a major independent biomarker for endothelial dysfunction ...
Hänninen M-Ra MR Population Studies Unit, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Turku, - - 2014
The association between masked hypertension and metabolic syndrome (MS) or insulin resistance is unclear. We investigated an untreated nationwide population sample (n=1582, age 44-74 years). Duplicate office blood pressure (BP) measurements were taken on one visit and duplicate morning and evening home measurements were taken for 7 days. Masked hypertension ...
Head Geoffrey A GA Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne and Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, - - 2014
We determined clinical predictors of the rate of rise (RoR) in blood pressure in the morning as well as a novel measure of the power of the BP surge (BPpower) derived from ambulatory blood pressure recordings. BPpower and RoR were calculated from 409 ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) recordings from subjects ...
Li Dong-Ze DZ Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, No. 137 Liyushan South Road, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830054, - - 2014
Background. Acupuncture is frequently advocated as an adjunct treatment for essential hypertension. The aim of this review was to assess its adjunct effectiveness in treating hypertension. Methods. We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and the Chinese databases Sino-Med, CNKI, WanFang, and VIP through November, 2012, for eligible randomized controlled ...
Wicki Andreas A Division of Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Basel, - - 2014
Background: Antiangiogenic therapy is routinely used in a variety of cancer entities. Hypertension is the most common side effect of all currently available antiangiogenic treatments. Patients and Methods: In this prospective observational clinical trial, we investigated risk factors for blood pressure elevation in patients exposed to an antiangiogenic agent and ...
Chang Wei-Ting WT Division of Cardiology, Internal Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan; Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, - - 2014
Diastolic dysfunction is common in geriatric heart failure. A reliable parameter to predict myocardium stiffness and relaxation under similar end-diastolic pressure is being developed. We propose a material and mathematical model for calculating myocardium stiffness based on the concept of linear correlation between [Formula: see text] and wedge pressure. We ...
Jinghua Li L Department of Clinical Laboratory, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China - - 2014
Background The aim of our study was to evaluate the serum concentration of sialic acid (SA) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in prehypertensive patients and the possible correlations between these 2 factors with blood pressure in such patients. Material and Methods We studied 61 prehypertensive patients, 70 hypertensive patients, and ...
Li Juan J Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this systematic review is to investigate the effectiveness, efficacy and safety of multiple concomitant lifestyle modification therapies for patients with hypertension or prehypertension. Electronic searches will be performed in the Cochrane Library, OVID, EMBASE, etc, along with manual searches in the reference lists of relevant papers found ...
Gladwin Mark T MT Vascular Medicine Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America; Division of Pulmonary Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
The role of pulmonary hypertension as a cause of mortality in sickle cell disease (SCD) is controversial. We evaluated the relationship between an elevated estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure and mortality in patients with SCD. We followed patients from the walk-PHaSST screening cohort for a median of 29 months. A ...
Ng Khai P KP Department of Renal Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2014
Arterial stiffness is increased in patients with CKD and is a powerful predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Use of the xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol has been shown to improve endothelial function, reduce left ventricular hypertrophy and possibly improve cardiovascular outcome. We explored the relationship between use of allopurinol and ...
Car Halina H Zakład Farmakologii Doświadczalnej, Uniwersytet Medyczny w - - 2014
Whey is a rich natural source of peptides and amino acids. It has been reported in numerous studies that biological active peptides isolated from cow's milk whey may affect blood pressure regulation. Studies on animals and humans have shown that α-lactalbumin and β-lactoglobulin obtained from enzymatically hydrolysed whey inhibit angiotensin ...
Nowson Caryl A CA Centre of Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, - - 2014
To assess whether changes in measures of fat distribution and body size during early life are associated with blood pressure at 36 months of age. Analysis of data collected from a prospective cohort study. Community-based investigation in Southampton, UK. 761 children with valid blood pressure measurements, born to women participating in ...
Hara Hidehiko H Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Toho University, Ohashi Medical Center, - - 2014
Objective A link between urinary albumin excretion and an increased incidence of cardiovascular mortality has already been demonstrated. However, the reported prevalence of microalbuminuria (MAU) in patients with hypertension is highly variable. We therefore aimed to conduct a cross-sectional multicenter study to investigate the prevalence of urinary albumin excretion in ...
Nishioka Terumi T Research Institute of Environment, Agriculture and Fisheries, Osaka - - 2014
Gas plasma generated and applied under two different systems, atmospheric pressure plasma and low pressure plasma, was used to investigate the inactivation efficacy on the seedborne pathogenic fungus, Rhizoctonia solani, which had been artificially introduced to brassicaceous seeds. Treatment with atmospheric plasma for 10 min markedly reduced the R. solani ...
Slade Alexander N AN a University of Illinois at - - 2014
Dietary modification has been shown to substantially reduce blood pressure among people with hypertension. This article uses data from the 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 cross-sections of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine the extent to which a hypertension diagnosis can influence individuals' dietary choices. Several models were ...
Zamecznik A A Department of Children's Cardiology and Rheumatology of the 2nd Chair of Paediatrics, Medical University of Lodz, Poland. - - 2014
Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) is present in about 3-10% of live-born newborns and it is as high as 20-30% in developing countries. Since the 1990s, it has been known that abnormalities during foetal growth may result in cardiovascular disease, including hypertension in adulthood. This study evaluated blood pressure parameters (using ...
Ghosh Rajeshwary R 0000-0002-6576-4242 Sinha Institute of Medical Science and Technology, 288 Kendua Main Road, Garia 700 084, - - 2014
The effect of dermcidin isoform 2 (dermcidin), an environmentally induced stress protein, was investigated on the genesis of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, the two major atherosclerotic risk factors. The role of dermcidin as an atherosclerotic risk factor related to the impaired systemic insulin level was investigated. Dermcidin was prepared by ...
Isobe Takehito T Research Division, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., - - 2014
Anti-angiogenic drugs that target Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) signaling pathways caused hypertension as an adverse effect in clinical studies. Since the hypertension may limit the benefit provided for patients, the demand for non-clinical research that predicts the clinical risk of the hypertension has risen greatly. To clarify whether non-clinical ...
Liang Xiaohua X Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing, Chongqing International Science and Technology Cooperation Center for Child Development and Disorders, Children's Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of Jiulongpo District, Chongqing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Non-communicable diseases are leading causes of disease burden in middle income countries. Little evidence exists to determine if the primary healthcare system can effectively manage non-communicable diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of hypertension and diabetes management by the primary healthcare system. We used individual ...
Li Xing X Department of Nephrology, Jiangsu Province Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
Aims: The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy and identify the prognostic factors of continuous hemofiltration in patients with cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) and, finally, to optimally select patients who could benefit more from this therapy. Methods: A total of 59 patients with CRS type 1 or type ...
Bouibes A A LGCgE, Polytech'Lille, University of Lille1. Cite Scientifique, Avenue Paul Langevin, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq, - - 2014
The high-pressure behavior of zinc carbonate ZnCO3 has been investigated using universal structure prediction method together with the density functional theory. In order to explore all possible structures under pressure, separate calculations at high pressure are done here with increasing number of formula units in the unit cell. Two pressures ...
Meric Murat M Department of Cardiology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Samsun, - - 2014
Background Chemerin is a novel adipokine that plays a role in inflammation and atherosclerosis. Although there are several correlations between hypertension and the inflammatory system, there is still insufficient information about the relationship between blood pressure variability and inflammatory markers. In this study, we aimed to determine whether chemerin levels ...
Cunningham Ceara Tess - - 2014
With an increase and diversity in ethnic populations in Westernized countries, understanding the differences in levels of knowledge surrounding hypertension is important in planning appropriate prevention strategies. The purpose of our study was to assess levels of hypertension knowledge in Chinese, Indian and White populations in a large metropolitan Canadian ...
Thorpe Roland J RJ - - 2014
To examine the nature of disparities in hypertension awareness, treatment, and control within a sample of Whites and African Americans living in the same social context and with access to the same health care environment. Cross-sectional study Southwest Baltimore, Maryland 949 hypertensive African American and White adults in the Exploring ...
Asayama Kei K Studies Coordinating Centre, Research Unit Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology, KU Leuven Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium ; Tohoku University Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sendai, - - 2014
The Global Burden of Diseases Study 2010 reported that hypertension is worldwide the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease, causing 9.4 million deaths annually. We examined to what extent self-measurement of home blood pressure (HBP) refines risk stratification across increasing categories of conventional blood pressure (CBP). This meta-analysis included 5,008 ...
Joyner JaNae - - 2014
This study evaluates patient inertia (PtInert) factors including hopelessness in African Americans participating in church cardiovascular screening programs in low income areas in Forsyth County, North Carolina. Patient inertia is defined as an inability to assume adequate hypertension self-management behaviors, leading to poorly controlled hypertension. Previous findings revealed hopelessness related ...
Okwuonu Chimezie Godswill CG Nephrology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Abia State, - - 2014
Hypertension control is a challenge globally. Barriers to optimal control exist at the patient, physician, and health system levels. Patient-related barriers in our environment are not clear. The aim of this study was to identify patient-related barriers to control of hypertension among adults with hypertension in a semiurban community in ...
Zhao X S XS Department of Cardiology, Inner Mongolia Hospital, Inner Mongolia Medical College, Hohhot, China - - 2014
Blood pressure levels were evaluated among prehypertension patients with associated cardiovascular risk factors to determine the effect of different interventions with respect to new endpoint events. A total of 1112 patients were equally and randomly divided into control, lifestyle, drug, and lifestyle + drug groups, and were followed-up for 12 ...
Nascimento Dahan da Cunha Dda C Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil ; Department of Physical Education, University Center Euro American University Center, Brasilia, Brazil ; Strength Training and Health Research Group (GEPEEFS), Brasilia, - - 2014
Hypertension is the most prevalent modifiable risk factor with a high prevalence among older adults. Exercise is a nonpharmacological treatment shown to benefit all patients with hypertension. This study examined the effects of a 14-week moderate intensity resistance training program (RT) on the maintenance of blood pressure and hand grip ...
Flack John M JM Division of Translational Research and Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA, - - 2014
African Americans have a higher burden of hypertension, more severe blood pressure (BP) elevations, more concurrent risk-enhancing co-morbidities (e.g., diabetes), sub-clinical vascular injury at lower non-hypertensive BP levels, lower BP control rates, and significantly greater risk for adverse pressure-related clinical complications (e.g., stroke, heart failure) than whites. Randomized prospective data ...
Qvist Ina I Department of Medicine, Diagnostic Centre, University Research Clinic for Innovative Patient Pathways, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Silkeborg, - - 2014
In general, it is assumed that patient education, by increasing knowledge, may change behavior and lifestyle and promote health. In this context, it is a surprise that knowledge and awareness about blood pressure and hypertension among elderly people is poor. We hypothesized that knowledge about blood pressure and hypertension would ...
Spinelli Christian C Department of Medical Basic Sciences, Neurosciences and Sense Organs, Division of Neurology-Stroke Unit, Hypertension, Medical School of Bari - University of Bari, - - 2014
Background. High blood pressure (BP) poses a major risk for cognitive decline. Aim of the study was to highlight the relationship between cognitive assessment scores and an effective therapeutic BP control. Methods. By medical visit and ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM), we studied 302 treated hypertensives, subdivided according to office/daytime BP ...
Jadhav Uday U MGM New Bombay Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Despite antihypertensive treatment, most hypertensive patients still have high blood pressure (BP), notably high systolic blood pressure (SBP). The EFFICIENT study examines the efficacy and acceptability of a single-pill combination of sustained-release (SR) indapamide, a thiazide-like diuretic, and amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker (CCB), in the management of hypertension. Patients ...
Adeloye Davies D Centre for Population Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, Midlothian, United - - 2014
The burden of hypertension is high in Africa, and due to rapid population growth and ageing, the exact burden on the continent is still far from being known. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and awareness rates of hypertension in Africa based on the cut off "≥140/90 mm Hg". We ...
Cheung Tommy Tsang TT Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Department of Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
Hypertension is common in Asian populations and is a major cause of cardiovascular diseases. The prevalence of hypertension is increasing in many Asian countries. The overall prevalence of hypertension in India and the People's Republic of China has been estimated to be 20.6% in men and 22.6% in women. However, ...
Dolezsar Cynthia M CM Department of Psychology, Concordia - - 2014
Objective: Discrimination is posited to underlie racial disparities in hypertension. Extant literature suggests a possible association between racial discrimination and blood pressure, although inconsistent findings have been reported. The aim of this comprehensive systematic review was to quantitatively evaluate the association between perceived racial discrimination with hypertensive status and systolic, ...
Zhao Yanwei Y Emergency Department, Huashan Hospital North, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine a new method for the early diagnosis and assessment of mild cognitive impairment in elderly individuals with hypertension. Elderly hypertensive patients with cognitive impairment were assessed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Clinical Dementia Rating Assessment (CDR). Cognitive results were compared ...
Sutherland Kate K NHMRC Centre for Sleep Health (CIRUS), University of Sydney, - - 2014
Mandibular advancement splints (MAS) are often preferred to CPAP treatment for OSA but are not always equally efficacious. High therapeutic CPAP pressure has been associated with MAS treatment failure in a Japanese population. We sought to assess the relationship between CPAP pressure and MAS treatment response in an Australian population. ...
Geiger Sarah Dee SD Department of Public Health, Northern Illinois University, School of Nursing and Health Studies, DeKalb, - - 2014
Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are perfluoroalkyl chemicals (PFCs) used in the manufacture of common consumer products and detected in the blood of the majority of Americans. Emerging biological data suggest that PFC exposure may have a role in ...
Bonsa Feyie F Department of Internal Medicine, Jimma University, - - 2014
Hypertension is the leading cause of death in the world and is the commonest cause for outpatient visits to physicians. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among adults in Bedele Town, South-west Ethiopia. A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted by ...
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