Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 2348
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Reisin Efrain E Section of Nephrology and Hypertension, Louisiana State University Health Science Center, New Orleans, Louisiana; - - 2014
The recently published article "2014 Evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: Report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8)" (James et al., JAMA 311: 507-520, 2014) has generated considerable controversy. In this commentary, we evaluate the document and compare ...
Cohn Michael M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, - - 2014
To determine the radial head arthroplasty length that best replicates the native radiocapitellar contact pressure. Eight cadaveric elbows (4 matched pairs) with an average age of 73 years were tested. All specimens were ligamentously stable and without visible cartilage wear. Radiocapitellar contact pressures were digitally analyzed during simulated joint loading ...
Deutsch Cornelia C aInstitute for Pharmacology and Preventive Medicine, Bahnhofstrasse 20, 49661 Cloppenburg, Germany bOMRON Healthcare Co Ltd, Kyoto, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the measurement accuracy of Omron RS6 with positioning sensor on (PSON) in comparison with Omron RS6 with positioning sensor off (PSOFF). The Omron RS6 has passed the 2010 version of the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol previously. A total of ...
Park Maxwell C MC Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Woodland Hills, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Transosseous-equivalent (TOE) rotator cuff repair has been theorized to be "self-reinforcing" against potentially destructive and increasing tendon loads. The goal of this study was to biomechanically verify and characterize the effect of increasing tendon load on frictional resistance over a repaired footprint for single-row (SR) and TOE repair techniques. In ...
Shah Kushal S KS a Department of Orthopaedic Surgery , Akron General Medical Center, 1 Akron General Avenue , Akron , OH 44307 , - - 2014
A finite element analysis (FEA) modeling technique has been developed to characterize how varying the orientation of the patellar tendon influences the patellofemoral pressure distribution. To evaluate the accuracy of the technique, models were created from MRI images to represent five knees that were previously tested in vitro to determine ...
Moncada-Torres A A Rehabilitation Engineering Laboratory, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Miniature, wearable sensor modules are a promising technology to monitor activities of daily living (ADL) over extended periods of time. To assure both user compliance and meaningful results, the selection and placement site of sensors requires careful consideration. We investigated these aspects for the classification of 16 ADL in 6 ...
Malone P S C PS Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospital South Manchester NHS Trust, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, - - 2014
This biomechanical study assessed integrated function of the proximal radioulnar joint (PRUJ), interosseous ligament (IOL), and distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). Tekscan™ pressure sensors were inserted into the DRUJ and PRUJ of 15 cadaveric specimens. MicroStrain(®) sensors were mounted onto the IOL on nine of these specimens. A customized biomechanical jig ...
Rodríguez-Velamazán J Alberto JA Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA), CSIC and Universidad de Zaragoza, Plaza San Francisco, 50009, Zaragoza, Spain; Institut Laue-Langevin, 38042 Grenoble Cedex, France. - - 2014
Fe(II) (Metz)6 ](Fe(III) Br4 )2 (Metz=1-methyltetrazole) is one of the rare systems combining spin-crossover and long-range magnetic ordering. A joint neutron and X-ray diffraction and magnetometry study allows determining its collinear antiferromagnetic structure, and shows an increase of the Néel temperature from 2.4 K at ambient pressure, to 3.9 K at 0.95 GPa. ...
Araujo Thais L S - - 2014
We investigated the folding of the 70 kDa human cytosolic inducible protein (Hsp70) in vitro using high hydrostatic pressure as a denaturing agent. We followed the structural changes in Hsp70 induced by high hydrostatic pressure using tryptophan fluorescence, molecular dynamics, circular dichroism, HPLC gel filtration, dynamic light scattering, ATPase activity ...
Fischer Jonas - - 2014
Increasing numbers of patients require permanent walking aids to maintain mobility. Current elbow crutches are not designed for long-term use, and overuse is often associated with hematoma formation and pain along the forearm. We therefore hypothesized that the highest pressures between the forearm and crutch cuff during walking and stance ...
Kang Yuan-Yuan YY Centre for Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials, The Shanghai Institute of Hypertension, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the automated oscillometric wrist blood pressure monitor AVITA BPM15S for home blood pressure monitoring according to the International Protocol revision 2010 of the European Society of Hypertension. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were sequentially measured in 33 Chinese adults (15 women, ...
Thomas George G Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic; Assistant Professor, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, - - 2014
The report of the panel appointed to the eighth Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 8) is more evidence-based and focused than its predecessors, outlining a management strategy that is simpler and, in some instances, less aggressive. It has both strengths and ...
Casares Guillermo - - 2014
Aims: This study analyzed the intra-articular pressure in the upper compartment of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) under different functional conditions. The influence of stabilization appliances on intra-articular pressure was studied. Methodology: Seventy-four joints from 64 patients (55 women and 9 men; mean age: 43·2±11·86 years; range: 19-61 years) with TMJ ...
Krotscheck Ursula U Department of Clinical Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New - - 2014
To determine (1) the effect of elbow incongruity on contact mechanics and (2) the effect of treatment of this incongruity with 1 of 2 ulnar ostectomies in the canine elbow. Ex vivo biomechanical study. Unpaired cadaveric canine forelimbs (n = 17). In a servohydraulic testing frame, thin-film pressure sensors were placed into ...
Terao Chikashi C Center for Genomic Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a bone destructive autoimmune disease. Many patients with RA recognize fluctuations of their joint synovitis according to changes of air pressure, but the correlations between them have never been addressed in large-scale association studies. To address this point we recruited large-scale assessments of RA activity in ...
Bouta Echoe M EM University of Rochester, United - - 2014
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease with episodic flares. In TNF-Tg mice, a model of inflammatory-erosive arthritis, the popliteal lymph node (PLN) enlarges during the pre-arthritic "expanding" phase, and then "collapses"; with adjacent knee flare associated with the loss of the intrinsic lymphatic pulse (Li et al., ...
Wang Qing Q aDepartment of General Surgery, Tangdu Hospital bSchool of Public Health, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an cDepartment of Cardiology, First People's Hospital, Chongqing, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to validate the iHealth BP7 wireless wrist blood pressure monitor according to the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol (ESH-IP) revision 2010. A total of 99 pairs of test device and reference blood pressure measurements (three pairs for each of the 33 participants) were ...
Lohrer Heinz H Institute for Sports Medicine, Otto-Fleck-Schneise 10, D-60528 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Institute for Sports and Sports Science, Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg i.Brsg., Schwarzwaldstraße 175, D-79117 Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
We questioned whether different forms of Achilles tendon overuse injuries can be differentiated by retrocalcaneal bursa pressure measurement. Retrocalcaneal bursa pressure was determined by using invasive pressure measurement in patients suffering from retrocalcaneal bursitis (n=13) or Achilles tendinopathy (n=15), respectively. Standardized measurements were taken with the subject lying prone. Initially, ...
Wheeler Carrie A - - 2013
Objective-To assess biometric tools for gait analysis in healthy calves by use of pressure mat sensors, a handheld algometer, and serial circumferential measurements of selected joints. Animals-20 six- to eight-week-old healthy male Holstein calves. Procedures-Calves were evaluated over a 4-day period. Gait analysis was performed by training calves to walk ...
Geser-von Peinen Katja - - 2013
With the intention of limiting the weight on horses' backs and guaranteeing maximal freedom of movement, commonly used racing saddles are small and have minimal cushioning. Poor saddle cushioning may limit performance or even affect soundness of the back. The aim of this study was to measure the pressure under ...
Yoshida S - - 2013
Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is an important mediator in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and hypertension. TNF-α inhibitors improve clinical symptoms and inhibit joint destruction in RA, but their effect on blood pressure (BP) has not been fully investigated. We measured 24-h BP using an ambulatory BP monitor in ...
Schuh Reinhard - - 2013
Stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) can be treated by flexor digitorum longus (FDL) tendon transfer and medial displacement calcaneal osteotomy (MDCO). Numerous authors have studied the clinical and radiographic results of this procedure. However, little is known about the kinematic changes. Therefore, the purpose of this study was ...
Roman Max - - 2013
More research is needed to understand the flow characteristics of hyaluronic acid (HA) during motions used in osteopathic manipulative treatment and other manual therapies. To apply a 3-dimensional mathematical model to explore the relationship between the 3 manual therapy motions (constant sliding, perpendicular vibration, and tangential oscillation) and the flow ...
Elias John J JJ Calhoun Research Laboratory, Akron General Medical Center, 400 Wabash Avenue, Akron, OH 44307, USA. - - 2013
The current study was performed to evaluate the accuracy of computational assessment of the influence of the orientation of the patellar tendon on the patellofemoral pressure distribution. Computational models were created to represent eight knees previously tested at 40 deg, 60 deg, and 80 deg of flexion to evaluate the ...
Nielsen Gerd - - 2013
Protein kinases are highly dynamic and complex molecules. Here we present high-pressure and relaxation studies of the activated p38α mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). p38α plays a central role in inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and is therefore a highly attractive pharmaceutical target. The combination of high pressure and NMR ...
Kabir Muammar M - - 2013
This study sought to employ a novel approach based on joint symbolic dynamics (JSD) to study the influence of respiratory phase on baroreflex function. We recorded electrocardiograms (ECG), blood pressure and respiration in 10 (5 male/5 female) healthy experienced athletes. For our analysis, time series of R-R intervals and systolic ...
Sato Hironori - - 2013
Accurate measurement of blood pressure at wrist requires the heart and wrist to be kept at the same level to avoid the effects of hydrostatic pressure. Although a blood pressure monitor with a position sensor that guides appropriate forearm angle without use of a chair and desk has already been ...
Mihata Teruhisa - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The repetitive, excessive compression forces in the radiocapitellar joint caused by elbow valgus stresses during throwing motions can result in osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the humeral capitellum in adolescent athletes. PURPOSE:To assess the effect of elbow valgus torque on contact pressure in the radiocapitellar joint and that of central and ...
Tang Peter - - 2013
PURPOSE: Proximal row carpectomy (PRC) is used as a treatment for a variety of wrist pathologies to maintain motion and to improve strength and decrease pain. Several studies have looked at how PRC alters wrist characteristics, although they did not provide an explanation for the variability observed in outcomes. Studies ...
Chkeir Aly - - 2013
The Grip-ball is an innovative device that has been designed to measure grip strength. The Grip-ball consists of an airtight ball that contains a pressure sensor and Bluetooth communication system. The Grip-ball can be inflated to different initial pressures, with data available continuously in real time. The aim of this ...
Saladini Francesca - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of the A&D BP UB-542 wrist device for home blood pressure (BP) measurement according to the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH). METHODS: Device evaluation was carried out in 33 patients. The mean age was 50.9±10.1 ...
Franco Indira - - 2013
The effect of high-pressure treatment (400, 500 and 650 MPa) on the structure and activity of bovine lactoferrin in different iron-saturation forms has been studied by several techniques. The structural changes produced in lactoferrin by high-pressure were analysed by differential scanning calorimetry and fluorescence spectroscopy, and the immunoreactivity by ELISA. ...
Holleran Adam M - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the midcarpal contact characteristics at the lunocapitate (LC) and scaphotrapezio-trapezoidal (STT) joints in 3 wrist conditions: intact, after simulating a radioscapholunate (RSL) arthrodesis, and after an RSL arthrodesis with distal scaphoid excision (DSE). METHODS: Eight fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens were tested using a custom jig with the wrist ...
Ventura Lori M LM Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, - - 2013
To probe susceptibility of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) to physiological stressors associated with moderate head-down body tilt in patients with suspicion of glaucoma or early manifest glaucoma (EMG). One hundred nine subjects with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ≥ 20/20 and no disease other than glaucoma [glaucoma suspects (GS)=79, EMG=14, ...
Field Tiffany - - 2013
METHODS: Forty-two adults with rheumatoid arthritis in the upper limbs were randomly assigned to a moderate pressure or a light pressure massage therapy group. A therapist massaged the affected arm and shoulder once a week for a 4-week period and also taught the participant self-massage to be done once daily. ...
Piitulainen Harri - - 2013
Hand velocity and acceleration are coherent with magnetoencephalographic (MEG) signals recorded from the contralateral primary sensorimotor (SM1) cortex. To learn more of this interaction, we compared the coupling of MEG signals with four hand-action-related peripheral signals: acceleration, pressure, force, and electromyogram (EMG). Fifteen subjects performed self-paced repetitive hand-action tasks for ...
Camargo-Junior Franklin - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of errors in the location of the center of pressure (5 and 10 mm) on lower limb joint moment uncertainties at different gait velocities (1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 m/s). Our hypotheses were that the absolute joint moment uncertainties would be ...
Jelenkovic Aline - - 2013
Birth order has been suggested to be linked to several cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, but the evidence is still inconsistent. We aim to determine the associations of birth order with body mass index (BMI), muscle strength and blood pressure. Further we will analyse whether these relationships are affected by ...
Maloney Keisha - - 2013
A 14-year-old girl with no known illness presented with a several week history of headaches and vomiting. The patient also reported having joint pain and swelling to the wrists and knees. She had no prior history of headaches, use of hormonal contraception or other medications, recent weight changes or family ...
de Moraes Augusto César Ferreira AC Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2013
To examine the independent and combined association of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) on both systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in adolescents from two observational studies. Participants from two cross-sectional studies, one conducted in Europe (n = 3,308; HELENA study) and the other in Brazil (n ...
Pozzi Antonio A Comparative Orthopaedics Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of - - 2013
Transection of the canine cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) is a well-established osteoarthritis (OA) model. The effect of CCL loss on contact pressure and joint alignment has not been quantified for stifle loading in standing. The purposes of the study were to measure femorotibial contact areas and stresses and joint alignment ...
Komori Takahiro - - 2012
OBJECTIVE(S): We compared a convenient, cuffless, wrist-type ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) device (BPro) and a standard arm-type ABPM monitor under ambulatory conditions. METHODS: Fifty normotensive and prehypertensive volunteers who had no interarm differences in BP were enrolled. The wrist and arm monitors were attached to the left wrist and ...
Cuddy Laura C - - 2012
To evaluate the effect of proximal ulnar rotational osteotomy (PURO) on the contact mechanics and 3-dimensional (3D) alignment of cadaveric normal dog elbows. Ex vivo biomechanical study. Unpaired thoracic limbs from 12 dogs (mean ± SD weight, 26 ± 4 kg). PURO consisted of a transverse osteotomy with 30° external ...
Zeng Wei-Fang - - 2012
The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the automated oscillometric wrist blood pressure monitor Rossmax S150 for home blood pressure monitoring according to the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension revision 2010. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were sequentially measured in 33 adult Chinese (16 women, ...
Jones D R - - 2012
Dynamic and static shell properties of eggs provide important insight to egg quality. Understanding how processing and handling procedures affect both dynamic and static shell properties can enhance the safety and quality of eggs reaching the consumer. A study was conducted to determine if dynamic shell properties were altered due ...
Zou Jun - - 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated that urinary angiotensinogen excretion, a biomarker of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system activity, is associated with clinic blood pressure (BP). In the present study, we investigated the determinants of urinary angiotensinogen excretion and its associations with ambulatory BP. The study participants were suspected hypertensive patients being off ...
Kang Jong Woo - - 2012
This study investigated the relationship between computer mouse work and contact pressure around the pisiform. Commonly performed mouse work was simulated using 3 different-shaped mice with 3 forearm positions. When typical mouse work was performed, the contact pressure on the pisiform area was evaluated using a digital pressure sensor and ...
Budohoski Karol P KP Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK. - - 2012
Cerebral autoregulation assessed using transcranial Doppler (TCD) mean flow velocity (FV) in response to various physiological challenges is predictive of outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Systolic and diastolic FV have been explored in other diseases. This study aims to evaluate the systolic, mean and diastolic FV for monitoring autoregulation ...
Holloway Julianne L - - 2012
The osmotic pressure of the media used for in vitro swelling evaluation has been shown to have a significant effect on material swelling behavior. In this study, the effect of osmotic pressure during swelling in vitro on poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogel material properties was evaluated. Osmotic pressure solutions are necessary ...
Cuddy Laura C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of antebrachial rotation at 3 elbow flexion angles on contact mechanics and 3-dimensional (3D) alignment of normal dog elbows. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo biomechanical study. ANIMALS: Unpaired thoracic limbs from 18 dogs (mean ± SD weight, 27 ± 4 kg). METHODS: With the limb under ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >