Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2347
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Pessina Achille C - - 2011
The Padua ESH 2011 Satellite Symposium on uncontrolled hypertension was focused on why only a relatively small percentage of patients under treatment do not reach 'safe' blood pressure levels; the major reason being the modest use of combination therapy. It was also an occasion to discuss new pharmacological and nonpharmacological ...
Erkan Hakan - - 2011
The assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis is important in the evaluation of a hypertensive patient, as it provides information on the severity of the hypertension and the cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of the aortic knob width measured on chest radiography in the assessment ...
Scarlatti Kelly Cristina - - 2011
Pressure ulcers are an important perioperatory care quality indicator This is a longitudinal case series study, performed with the following objectives: to estimate the incidence of pressure ulcers in patients submitted to medium and large surgeries; rate them according to the stage and location; verify the association with the variables: ...
Park Chan Seok - - 2011
Non-dippers were reported as showing different left atrial function, compared to dippers, but no study to date investigated the changes in the left atrial function according to the diurnal blood pressure pattern, using tissue Doppler and strain imaging. Forty never treated hypertensive patients between 30 and 80 years of age ...
Lee Ju-Hee - - 2011
Morning hypertension is closely related to target organ damage and cardiovascular events. Little data is available concerning the baseline characteristics and comprehensive blood pressure analysis of hypertensive patients on treatment with morning hypertension. We evaluated 1,087 hypertensive patients who had taken stable anti-hypertensive medication at least 6 months. The enrolled ...
Fukui-Soubou Mari - - 2011
The aim of this study was to confirm the efficacy, safety, and expected palatability of amlodipine orally disintegrating tablets (ODT) [RACTAB(®) formulation (Towa, Osaka, Japan)]. We report the re-analyzed results of 1687 cases in clinical settings obtained through postmarketing surveillance in Japan. Study subjects were patients receiving treatment for the ...
Norcliffe-Kaufmann L - - 2011
Riley Day syndrome, commonly referred to as familial dysautonomia (FD), is a genetic disease with extremely labile blood pressure owing to baroreflex deafferenation. Chronic renal disease is very frequent in these patients and was attributed to recurrent arterial hypotension and renal hypoperfusion. Aggressive treatment of hypotension, however, has not reduced ...
Derosa Giuseppe G Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S Matteo, P le C Golgi, 2-27100 Pavia, Italy. - - 2011
A combination of two drugs as initial treatment in patients with a high or very high cardiovascular risk profile is recommended. Nifedipine extended release (GITS) is a calcium-channel antagonist known to be metabolically neutral, to mildly slow the development of atherosclerosis in hypertensive subjects and to significantly decrease cardiovascular risk ...
Radolovich D K DK Neurosurgical Unit, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2011
Strong correlation between mean intracranial pressure (ICP) and its pulse wave amplitude (AMP) has been demonstrated in different clinical scenarios. We investigated the relationship between invasive mean arterial blood pressure (ABP) and AMP to explore its potential role as a descriptor of cerebrovascular pressure reactivity after traumatic brain injury (TBI). ...
Zunz Eran E Neuro-Opthalmology Unit, Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center,Tel-Aviv, Israel. - - 2011
We present a rare case of a diffuse anaplastic astrocytoma (gliomatosis configuration) in a child, which was misdiagnosed as pseudotumor cerebri following initially normal CT of the brain and elevated opening pressure on lumbar puncture with normal cerebrospinal composition.
Healy Aoife - - 2011
Background: Currently there is a paucity of research providing recommendations on the type of orthotic or material used in its construction for different patient requirements.Objectives: To gain a greater understanding of the characteristics of orthotic materials and how they affect gait so to enhance the clinical decision-making process.Study Design: Repeated ...
Blauwet Lori A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Two-dimensional (2D) and Doppler-derived echocardiographic data on normal CarboMedics (CM) mechanical mitral valve prosthesis function have been reported but are limited. METHODS: Comprehensive retrospective 2D and Doppler echocardiographic assessment of 305 normal CM mechanical mitral valve prostheses (272 Standard and 33 Optiform) was performed early after implantation. The early ...
Gorecki C - - 2011
With the recognition of health-related quality of life (HRQL) as an important and relevant outcome in pressure ulceration, it is important to gain better understanding of the complex relationship among the various factors that affect it. A problem with existing literature in this area is that the impact of having ...
Marchesi Chiara - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major cause of cardiovascular remodeling. In the cardiovascular system, the remodeling of the extracellular matrix is controlled by the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs). The aim of this meta-analysis is to elucidate the behavior of plasma MMP and TIMP levels in ...
Brown A L - - 2011
A seven-year-old Burmese cat was presented with sudden onset blindness. On physical examination, the cat had bilateral retinal detachment and severe systemic hypertension. Further clinical investigations revealed pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism. Antihypertensive therapy was discontinued when the hypertension resolved after bilateral adrenalectomy. Systolic blood pressure remained normal until 19 months post-operatively when ...
Fuchs Sandra C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Rates of control of hypertension remain unsatisfactory worldwide and simple methods to encourage patients to adhere to treatments are still necessary. In this randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the efficacy of a protocol of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM), without medication titration, to improve BP assessed by ambulatory BPM ...
Siva Brian - - 2011
PURPOSE: The fluid volume status of a patient is difficult to assess clinically. The aim of this study was to compare the ultrasound estimation of the height of the right internal jugular vein (CVP(IJV)) with direct estimation of central venous pressure (CVP) (CVP(CVC)). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A portable ultrasound machine ...
Hosoya Tatsuo - - 2012
Achieving adequate blood pressure (BP) control often requires more than one antihypertensive agent. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a fixed-dose formulation of losartan (LOS) plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) (LOS/HCTZ) is effective in achieving a greater BP lowering in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. The study was a prospective, ...
Dassie Francesca - - 2011
Objective: Acromegaly is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and with specific heart and vascular abnormalities. The aim of our study was to investigate arterial stiffness using Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index (AASI) and Symmetric AASI (Sym-AASI), two indexes derived from 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in a group ...
Zhao Min - - 2012
To understand the different patterns of cue-induced craving and physiological reactions among recently abstinent and long-abstinent heroin-dependent patients. 26 healthy adult controls (HC), 29 long-abstinent (more than 1 year, LA), and 26 recently abstinent (less than 1 month, RA) heroin-dependent individuals were exposed to heroin-related and neutral video cues, one ...
Margolis Karen L - - 2012
In randomized trials, the effect of vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure has been equivocal, while most prospective cohort studies have shown that the risk of incident hypertension is lower in people with higher levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). The authors examined the association between levels of 25(OH)D and changes ...
Gray Linsay L MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK. - - 2011
We sought to examine the association of early adulthood blood pressure with cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, while accounting for middle-age hypertension. Elevated blood pressure in middle age is an established CVD risk factor, but evidence for association with measurements earlier in life is sparse. The HAHS (Harvard Alumni Health Study) ...
Eichhorn Volker - - 2011
PURPOSE: We investigated hemodynamics in patients receiving delta-Aminolevulinic acid (delta-ALA) to visualize tumor margins prior to radical retro pubic prostatectomy. PATIENTS: Twenty patients undergoing elective open radical retro pubic prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS: Cohort observational study. Ten patients receiving 20 mg/kg of delta-ALA orally prior to surgery (delta-ALA) and 10 patients undergoing ...
Scheltinga M R - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Some haemodialysis patients with an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) suffer from chronic hand ischaemia (haemodialysis access-induced distal ischaemia, HAIDI). This overview discusses pathophysiological mechanisms of chronic HAIDI with emphasis on the role of steal and loco-regional hypotension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature obtained from Medline and Google using various terms ...
Myers Martin G - - 2011
Background: Effective strategies to identify office-induced hypertension in routine clinical practice are required to improve diagnosis and management of hypertension.Objective: To compare the quality and accuracy of automated office blood pressure (AOBP) measurement using the BpTRU device with manual office blood pressure (MOBP) in routine clinical practice using awake ambulatory ...
Stafford Giles H - - 2011
The amount of fluid that may be lost into the soft tissues during hip arthroscopic surgery is unknown. We measured the volumes of irrigation fluid infused, operating time, fluid pressures and volumes of fluid recovered in 36 therapeutic hip arthroscopies. We excluded those where fluid was lost to the floor, ...
Young Joanna M - - 2011
BackgroundOur aim was to examine the effects of adjunctive coenzyme Q(10) therapy on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) in subjects with the metabolic syndrome and inadequate BP control.MethodsIn a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 12-week crossover trial, coenzyme Q(10) (100 mg twice daily) or placebo was administrated to 30 subjects with the ...
Wylde Vikki - - 2011
Objective. The aim of this study was to use quantitative sensory testing (QST) to explore the range and prevalence of somatosensory abnormalities demonstrated by patients with advanced knee OA.Methods. One hundred and seven knee OA patients and 50 age- and sex-matched healthy participants attended a 1-h QST session. Testing was ...
Johannsson G - - 2011
Context:Patients with treated adrenal insufficiency (AI) have increased morbidity and mortality rate. Our goal was to improve outcome by developing a once-daily (OD) oral hydrocortisone dual-release tablet with a more physiological exposure-time cortisol profile.Objective:The aim was to compare pharmacokinetics and metabolic outcome between OD and the same daily dose of ...
Shaw Ryan - - 2012
We sought to identify the feasibility and predictive validity of an easy and quick self-reported measure of medication adherence and to identify characteristics of people with hypertension that may warrant increase attentiveness by nurses to address hypertensive self-management needs. Current control rates of hypertension are approximately 50%. Effective blood pressure ...
Spinner Erin M - - 2012
While it is understood that annular dilatation contributes to tricuspid regurgitation (TR), other factors are less clear. The geometry of the right ventricle (RV) and left ventricle (LV) may alter tricuspid annulus size and papillary muscle (PM) positions leading to TR. Three-dimensional echocardiographic images were obtained at Emory University Hospital ...
Tusman Gerardo - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review evaluates the link between perioperative lung atelectasis and postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) and how appropriate ventilatory strategies could mitigate this problem. RECENT FINDINGS: Atelectasis may contribute to serious PPCs including respiratory failure and pneumonia. Ventilator settings during anesthesia, especially with higher tidal volumes (VT) (>10 ml/kg), ...
Quaranta Luciano - - 2011
Purpose:To investigate the circadian and blood pressure (BP) reduction obtained with timolol maleate 0.5% solution administered twice daily versus timolol 0.1% in gel-forming carbomer administered in the morning in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods: This investigator-masked, crossover study prospectively enrolled naive POAG patients not receiving systemic cardiovascular medications. ...
White William B - - 2011
High blood pressure (BP) is a risk factor for cerebrovascular disease, including stroke. Little is known about the importance of BP on the progression of microvascular disease of the brain, which has been associated with functional decline in mobility and cognition in older people. This was a prospective cohort of ...
Vergara Martin E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can lead to increased axial and peripheral joint stiffness, impairing joint mobility. Impaired axial mobility due to vertebral ankylosis may result in changes in standing postural control. Little research has addressed changes in standing postural control in the ankylosing spondylitis population, ...
Falcone Colomba - - 2012
Apelin is an endogenous peptide that increases cardiac inotropism through its APJ receptor. Certain findings indicate that the apelinergic system may have a pathophysiological role in cardiovascular disease and there is evidence showing the role of the apelinergic system in blood pressure regulation in vitro and in animal models. The ...
Moon Seunghwan - - 2011
A novel glaucoma drainage device (GDD) using a polymeric micro check valve with no reverse flow is presented for the effective regulation of intraocular pressure (IOP). A significant functional improvement was achieved by reducing the possible incidence of hypotony, as the proposed GDD only drains aqueous humor at a certain ...
Eriksson Evert A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Utilization of brain tissue oxygenation (pBtO(2)) is an important but controversial variable in the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI). We evaluated the correlation between pBtO(2)/CPP and pBtO(2)/ICP and determined the parameter most closely related to survival. METHODS: Consecutive, adult patients with severe TBI and pBtO(2) monitors were retrospectively ...
Del Sorbo Lorenzo - - 2011
Despite a very large body of investigations, no effective pharmacological therapies have been found to cure acute lung injury. Hence, supportive care with mechanical ventilation remains the cornerstone of treatment. However, several experimental and clinical studies showed that mechanical ventilation, especially at high tidal volumes and pressures, can cause or ...
Bolognesi Massimo - - 2011
Splenic Doppler impedance indices are measurements of splenic congestion in chronic liver disease. It is not known whether they can also assess splenic congestion in patients affected by right-sided or congestive heart failure. We analyzed splanchnic hemodynamics with Doppler ultrasound and systemic hemodynamics with right-sided heart catheterization in patients with ...
Kronish Ian M - - 2012
The authors' objective was to gain a better understanding of minority patients' beliefs about hypertension and to use this understanding to develop a model to explain gaps in communication between patients and clinicians. Eighty-eight hypertensive black and Latino adults from 4 inner-city primary care clinics participated in focus groups to ...
Mojtaba Golzan S - - 2011
Spontaneous retinal venous pulsations (SRVP) are assessed as a clinical marker for patients with ophthalmic or neurological disorders. The pulsations are influenced by intraocular pressure (IOP), cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFp), and retinal venous pressure (RVP). However, little is known about the effect of cyanosis with polycythemia, a common finding in ...
Konta Tsuneo - - 2011
BackgroundHypertension is a key risk factor for adverse renal outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD), and strict blood pressure control is recommended to halt its progression. This study assessed blood pressure control in the Japanese CKD population.MethodsWe used a nationwide database of 250,130 subjects (aged 20-88), including 45,845 CKD subjects ...
Akpolat Tekin - - 2011
The purposes of this study were to detect the prevalence of ownership of a home sphygmomanometer among hypertensive subjects through a nation-wide survey, to investigate parameters affecting ownership of a sphygmomanometer, to compare how home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) was actually used in daily practice with some aspects of the ...
Torre-Healy Andrew - - 2011
The use of hyperosmolar agents for intracranial hypertension was introduced in the early 20th century and remains a mainstay of therapy for patients with cerebral edema. Both animal and human studies have demonstrated the efficacy of two hyperosmolar agents, mannitol and hypertonic saline, in reducing intracranial pressure via volume redistribution, ...
Smith Steven M - - 2012
Thiazides and β-blockers cause adverse metabolic effects (AMEs), but whether these effects share predictors with blood pressure (BP) response is unknown. We aimed to determine whether AMEs are correlated with BP response in uncomplicated hypertensives. In a multicenter, open-label, parallel-group trial, we enrolled 569 persons, aged 17-65, with random assignment ...
Shand Smith James D - - 2011
Current theories of the pathophysiology of normal pressure hydrocephalus suggest the classical symptoms are a consequence of disruption of normal frontal function. We present the case of a 70-year-old patient with an isolated, frontal dilatation of his lateral ventricles in the presence of a complete triad as supportive of these ...
Phipps Michael S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The treatment of hypertension is an essential component of stroke prevention; however, the clinical management of patients with cerebrovascular disease is complicated by orthostatic hypotension (OH). The primary objectives were to: determine the prevalence of OH in a stroke outpatient clinic; describe categories of OH; and identify factors independently ...
Yazigi Alexandre - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of pulse pressure variation to predict fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated elderly patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, interventional study. SETTING: An academic, tertiary referral hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty patients >70 years old and mechanically ventilated after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. ...
Rea I Maeve - - 2013
Hypertension, a key risk factor for stroke, cardiovascular disease and dementia, is associated with chronic vascular inflammation, and although poorly understood, putative mechanisms include pro-inflammatory responses induced by mechanical stretching, with cytokine release and associated up-regulated expression of adhesion molecules. Because blood pressure increases with age, we measured baseline and ...
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