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Elixmann Inga M - - 2014
Hydrocephalus is characterized by an excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Therapeutically, an artificial pressure relief valve (so-called shunt) is implanted which opens in case of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) and drains CSF into another body compartment. Today, available shunts are of a mechanical nature and drainage depends on the ...
Kheirabadi Bijan S BS From the US Army Institute of Surgical Research, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, - - 2014
Groin application of Combat Ready Clamp (CRoC) in pigs elicits an acute inflammation in underlying ischemic tissues. This study examined functional recovery of pigs' hind leg(s) following 2 hours of CRoC application. Left femoral arteries were isolated and injured in anesthetized pigs. Following 25% hemorrhage, CRoC was applied on the ...
Campo Rebecca A RA Program on Integrative Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB# 7200, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7200, USA, - - 2014
Older cancer survivors are a vulnerable population due to an increased risk for chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease) compounded with treatment late-effects and declines in physical functioning. Therefore, interventions that reduce chronic disease risk factors (i.e., blood pressure, chronic inflammation, and cortisol) are important in this population. Tai chi chih ...
McManus Richard J RJ National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) School for Primary Care Research, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2014
Self-monitoring of blood pressure with self-titration of antihypertensives (self-management) results in lower blood pressure in patients with hypertension, but there are no data about patients in high-risk groups. To determine the effect of self-monitoring with self-titration of antihypertensive medication compared with usual care on systolic blood pressure among patients with ...
Liu Xiaoxia X Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Laiwu People's Hospital, Laiwu, China; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Medicine Academy of Taishan Medical University, Taian, - - 2014
To explore the effects of different types of hysterectomy on lower extremity venous pressure. Ninety-nine patients with benign uterine diseases who were indicated for hysterectomy were included in the present prospective study. Patients were divided into three groups according to their preferences: (i) total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) group (n = 36); (ii) ...
Wang Shou-Sen - - 2014
The causes of dural arteriovenous fistula have not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of dural arteriovenous fistula formation induced by high intracranial venous pressure using a rabbit model. By using rabbit model, dural arteriovenous fistula formation induced by high intracranial venous pressure ...
Shih Andre C AC Department of Large Animal, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
To evaluate the cardiopulmonary effects of low-pressure (6 mmHg) peritoneal insufflation of varying duration in healthy cats during ovariectomy (OVE). Prospective, randomized study. Female cats (n = 24). After anesthesia induction, cats had short (Short LAP; n = 8) or long duration (Long LAP; n = 8) laparoscopic ovariectomy, or Open OVE (Open; n = 8) for comparison. Hemodynamic ...
Bangalore Sripal S Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
The 2014 Eighth Joint National Committee panel recommendations for management of high blood pressure (BP) recommend a systolic BP threshold for initiation of drug therapy and a therapeutic target of <150 mm Hg in those ≥60 years of age, a departure from prior recommendations of <140 mm Hg. However, it is not known ...
Attizzani Guilherme F GF Division of Cardiology, Ferrarotto Hospital, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; Department of Interventional Cardiology, Pitangueiras Hospital, Jundiai, SP, Brazil; Harrington Heart and Vascular Institute, University Hospitals, Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Objectives: We performed systematic optical coherence tomography (OCT) analyses after BVS implantation in a "real world" setting aiming at evaluating scaffold expansion and longitudinal integrity. Background: A comprehensive elucidation of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds´ (BVS) acute performance in the "real-world" setting is lacking Methods: Acute BVS expansion compared with compliance chart ...
Nakajima Kanako K Department of Human Life and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Humanities and Science, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Hip fracture in the elderly is a serious problem, and solutions to prevent falls are needed. This study focused on elucidating data critical to fall prevention by evaluating ambulatory function, and we achieved this by developing a plantar pressure measurement device to determine gait function. Our device enables measurement of ...
Akoumianaki Evangelia E Intensive Care Medicine Department, University Hospital of Heraklion, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, - - 2014
To compare, in a group of difficult to wean critically ill patients, the short-term effects of neurally adjusted ventilator assist (NAVA), proportional assist (PAV+) and pressure support (PSV) ventilation on patient-ventilator interaction. Methods: Seventeen patients were studied during NAVA, PAV+ and PSV with and without artificial increase in ventilator demands ...
Gong Yuhua Y Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College, Huhehot, Inner Mongolia, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate pressure waveform-guided epidural catheter placement (PWEP) and its effect in clinical practice. Single-center, prospective cohort study. University teaching hospital. 3,326 patients undergoing thoracic, abdominal, and lower limb surgery. 1,614 underwent PWEP and 1,664 had the loss-of-resistance (LOR) technique. Anesthesia success and catheter replacement-related complications were recorded. The specificity ...
Paleville Daniela Terson de DT Department of Health and Sport - - 2014
This case-controlled clinical study was undertaken to investigate to what extent pulmonary function in individuals with chronic Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is affected by posture. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1), Maximal Inspiratory Pressure (PImax) and Maximal Expiratory Pressure (PEmax) were obtained from 27 individuals ...
Aguero Jaume J Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai - - 2014
In pulmonary hypertension (PH), right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and failure is the main determinant of a poor prognosis. We aimed to characterize RV structural and functional differences during adaptive RV remodeling and progression to RV failure in a large animal model of chronic PH. Postcapillary PH was created surgically in ...
Joly Nikola N Département d'anesthésiologie, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Université de Montréal, Pavillon Hôpital Saint-Luc, Montréal, QC, - - 2014
Many features can influence the choice of a supraglottic airway device (SAD), including ease of insertion, adequate ventilation pressures and lack of adverse effects. The goal of this randomized prospective trial was to compare the performance of the i-gel™ with that of the LMA-Supreme™. One hundred adult patients (American Society ...
Lacombe Matthieu M Réanimation Médicale, Physiologie - Explorations Fonctionnelles, Centre d'Innovations Technologiques UMR 805, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, AP-HP, Garches, and EA 4497, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Versailles, - - 2014
Background: Mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E), more commonly known as 'cough assist therapy', is a method which produces inspiratory and expiratory assistance to improve cough performances. However, other alternatives or combinations are possible. Objective: The objective was to compare the effects of mechanical insufflation combined with manually assisted coughing (MAC), insufflation-exsufflation alone ...
Runck Hanna H Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Division for Experimental Anesthesiology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated the effects of recruitment manoeuvres on subpleural alveolar area in healthy rats. 36 mechanically ventilated rats were allocated to either ZEEP-group or PEEP- 5 cmH2O -group. The subpleural alveoli were observed using a transthoracal endoscopic imaging technique. Two consecutive low-flow manoeuvres up to 30 cmH2O peak pressure each ...
Celli P P Dipartimento di Anestesia e Rianimazione, UOD Anestesia e Terapia Intensiva Trapianti d'Organo, Policlinico Umberto I, "Sapienza," Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The extubation phase is an extremely critical moment in patients who have undergone orthotopic liver transplantation, who do not always have the advantage of long-lasting positive-pressure ventilation and positive expiratory end pressure; these factors can lead to splanchnic venous congestion, and this is why a rapid extubation can represent a ...
Clarkson Douglas McG DM Department Clinical Physics and Bioengineering, FM Building, University Hospital, Coventry CV2 2DX, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The value of compliance of disposable elements such as infusion lines and syringes can significantly affect the performance characteristics of infusion devices. In a technique used to determine the compliance of infusion lines, the item under test is placed in a semi sealed water filled enclosure and the volume of ...
Erfurt L L Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Leopoldstr. 13, D-80802 Munich, - - 2014
The present study investigated the effects of repeated administration of Korodin(®), a combination of camphor and crataegus berry extract, on blood pressure and attentional functioning. This study was conducted based on a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind design. 54 persons participated (33 female, 21 male) with a mean age of 24.3 years. ...
Lin Qing-Shan QS Institute of Vascular Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
In functional mitral regurgitation (FMR), effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA) displays a dynamic pattern. The impact of dynamic changes of annulus dysfunction and leaflets tenting on phasic EROA was explored with real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D-TEE). RT3D-TEE was performed in 52 FMR patients and 30 controls. Mitral annulus dimensions and ...
De Pauw Ruben R Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Chemical Engineering (CHIS-IR), Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, - - 2014
Having similar densities as liquids but with viscosities up to 20 times lower (higher diffusion coefficients), supercritical CO2 is the ideal (co-)solvent for fast and/or highly efficient separations without mass-transfer limitations or excessive column pressure drops. Whereas in liquid chromatography the flow remains laminar in both the packed bed and ...
Morishima T T Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, - - 2014
PURPOSE. To compare pressures generated by 2 different cement pressurisers at various locations in the proximal femur. METHODS. Two groups of 5 synthetic femurs were used, and 6 pressure sensors were placed in the femur at 20-mm intervals proximally to distally. Cement was filled into the femoral canal retrogradely using ...
Jiang Xian X Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Yanbian University College of Medicine, Yanji 133002, - - 2014
Control of blood pressure is maintained by the interaction between the arterial baroreflex and vestibulosympathetic reflex during postural changes. In this study, the contributions of vestibular receptors and baroreceptors to the maintenance of blood pressure following acute hypotension were compared in terms of phosphorylated extracellular regulated protein kinase (pERK) expression ...
Mori Hirohito H Department of Gastroenterology and Neurology, Kagawa University, 1750-1 Ikenobe, Miki, Kita, Kagawa, 761-0793, Japan, - - 2014
Tumor size determination is subject to the measurement method used by endoscopists and is especially dependent on the air quantity. As the intraluminal pressure must be measured objectively to obtain an accurate tumor size measurement, insufflation can affect the results. Thus, we examined the utility of a micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) pressure ...
de Aragão Fábio Farias FF Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA), São Luís, MA, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal hypotension is a common complication after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section, with deleterious effects on the fetus and mother. Among the strategies aimed at minimizing the effects of hypotension, vasopressor administration is the most efficient. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of phenylephrine, metaraminol, and ...
McAnulty Lisa S LS Dept. of Nutrition and Health Care Management, Boone, NC, 28608. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence suggests that berries contain bioactive compounds, which reduce certain cancers and hypertension. Our hypothesis was that daily blueberry (BB) consumption would increase natural killer (NK) cells and plasma redox capacity and reduce blood pressure, augmentation index (AIx), central pulse wave velocity, and aortic systolic pressures (ASPs). Twenty-five men and ...
Wu Shih-Ying - - 2014
Focused ultrasound (FUS) has been shown promise in treating the brain locally and noninvasively. Transcranial passive cavitation detection (PCD) provides methodology for monitoring the treatment in real time, but the skull effects remain a major challenge for its translation to the clinic. In this study, we investigated the sensitivity, reliability, ...
de Franciscis Stefano S Interuniversity Center of Phlebolymphology (CIFL). International Research and Educational Program in Clinical and Experimental Biotechnology. Headquarters: University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, 88100, Catanzaro, Italy; Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Catanzaro, - - 2014
Carotid Body Tumors (CBTs) are Paragangliomas (PGLs) located in the head and neck region which usually do not cause overt neuroendocrine symptoms and hypertension. Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) have shown a strong correlation between CBTs and their clinical behavior. Aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between changes in ...
Meier Thomas T Faculty of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of Leipzig, Linnéstrasse 5, 04103 Leipzig, - - 2014
A new design of a non-magnetic high-pressure anvil cell for nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments at Giga-Pascal pressures is presented, which uses a micro-coil inside the pressurized region for high-sensitivity NMR. The comparably small cell has a length of 22 mm and a diameter of 18 mm, so it can ...
Feng Yejun Y The Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, - - 2014
We present the design of an efficient bellows-controlled diamond anvil cell that is optimized for use inside the bores of high-field superconducting magnets in helium-3 cryostats, dilution refrigerators, and commercial physical property measurement systems. Design of this non-magnetic pressure cell focuses on in situ pressure tuning and measurement by means ...
Wu J J JJ 1] Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China [2] Department of Geological Sciences, Jackson School of Geosciences, The University of Texas at Austin, TX 78712, - - 2014
One of key issues in studying iron based superconductors is to understand how the magnetic phase of the parent compounds evolves. Here we report the systematic investigation of paramagnetic to antiferromagnetic and tetragonal to orthorhombic structural transitions of "122" SrFe2As2 parent compound using combined high resolution synchrotron Mössbauer spectroscopy and ...
Zyła Gaweł G Department of Physics, Rzeszów 35-905, Poland. - - 2014
The paper presents results of rheological experiments on viscosity under anisotropic pressure and in electric field of diethylene glycol-based MgAl2O4 nanofluids. Nanofluids have been prepared in a two-step method. The dynamic viscosity of nanofluids with various mass concentrations of nanoparticles was measured in the range of shear rates from 10 ...
Govindan Rathinaswamy Bhavanandhan RB Division of Fetal and Transitional Medicine, Children's National Medical Center , Washington, DC , - - 2014
We extended our recent modification of the power spectral estimation approach to quantify spectral coherence. We tested both the standard and the modified approaches on simulated data, which showed that the modified approach was highly specific and sensitive to the coupling introduced in the simulation while the standard approach lacked ...
Petrie Ryan J RJ Laboratory of Cell and Developmental Biology, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
A method to directly measure the intracellular pressure of adherent, migrating cells is described in this unit. This approach is based on the servo-null method where a microelectrode is introduced into the cell to directly measure the physical pressure of the cytoplasm. We also describe the initial calibration of the ...
Feng Yejun Y 1] The Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, USA [2] The James Franck Institute and Department of Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, - - 2014
Pressure can transform a transparent material into an opaque one, quench the moments in a magnet and force solids to flow like liquids. At 15 GPa, the pressure found 500 km below the earth's surface, the semiconductors silicon and germanium superconduct. Yet, at this same pressure, we show here that the magnetism ...
Zhao Yin-Ying YY School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, Zhejiang Province, China ; Affiliated Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of transient high perfusion pressure on the retinal vessel diameter and retinal ganglion cells. The animals were divided into four groups according to different infusion pressure and infusion time (60 mm Hg-3min, 60 mm Hg-5min, 100 mm Hg-3min, 100 mm Hg-5min). Each group consisted of six ...
Gogus Nermin N Anesthesiology and Reanimation Clinic, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Laryngoscopy and intubation can cause hemodynamic response. Various medications may be employed to control that response. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of dexmedetomidine, fentanyl and esmolol on hemodynamic response. Ninety elective surgery patients who needed endotracheal intubation who were in American Society of Anesthesiology I-II group ...
Oksar Menekse M Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ankara Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although many features of robotic prostatectomy are similar to those of conventional laparoscopic urological procedures (such as laparoscopic prostatectomy), the procedure is associated with some drawbacks, which include limited intravenous access, relatively long operating time, deep Trendelenburg position, and high intra-abdominal pressure. The primary aim was to describe respiratory and ...
Bardgett Megan E - - 2013
Development of angiotensin II (Ang II)-dependent hypertension involves microglial activation and proinflammatory cytokine actions in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Cytokines activate receptor signaling pathways that can both acutely grade neuronal discharge and trigger long-term adaptive changes that modulate neuronal excitability through gene transcription. Here, we investigated contributions of PVN ...
Fitta Magdalena - - 2013
A comprehensive study of magnetocaloric effect (MCE) and critical behaviour in the ferrimagnetic Mn2-pyridazine-[Nb(CN)8] molecular magnet under hydrostatic pressure is reported. The pressure-induced structural changes provoke the strengthening of magnetic interaction between Mn and Nb centres. Consequently, an increase of critical temperature Tc is observed from 43 K for a sample at ambient ...
Zhao Hong Jian - - 2013
First-principles calculations are performed to investigate structural and magnetic behaviors of rare-earth orthochromates as a function of 'chemical' pressure (that is, the rare-earth ionic radius), epitaxial misfit strain and hydrostatic pressure. From a structural point of view, (i) 'chemical' pressure significantly modifies antipolar displacements, Cr-O-Cr bond angles and the resulting oxygen ...
Elli Murat M *Department of Pediatric Oncology, Medical Faculty, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun 55039, Turkey. - - 2013
Wilms' tumor, or nephroblastoma, is the most common primary malignant renal tumor of childhood. The excellent outcome now expected for most children with this tumor is attributed to the combination of effective adjuvant chemotherapy, improved surgical and anesthetic techniques and also the radiosensitivity of the tumor. The numerous organ systems ...
Podduturi Vishwa Priya - - 2013
Determining the factors that influence the delivery of sub-micron particles to tumors and understanding the relative importance of each of these factors is fundamental to the optimization of the particle delivery process. In this paper, a model that combines random walk with the pressure driven movement of nanoparticles in a ...
Kwok Sit Yee - - 2013
Catecholamine-associated cardiomyopathies caused by neuroblastoma have rarely been reported. We are reporting 2 cases of neuroblastoma associated with hypertension and severe cardiomyopathic changes in different extremes. One case was dilated cardiomyopathy with heart failure, and the other showed echocardiographic features simulating hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Both girls had high levels of ...
Suzuki Sumihiro - - 2013
Thermodynamic stability boundary of structure-H hydrates with large guest species and methane (CH4) at extremely high pressures has been almost unclear. In the present study, the four-phase equilibrium relations in the structure-H CH4+1,1,2,2,3,3,4-heptafluorocyclopentane (1,1,2,2,3,3,4-HFCP) mixed hydrate system were investigated in a temperature range of (281.05 to 330.12) K and a ...
Dasilva Jack G - - 2013
The magnetic properties of [Fe(III)Cp*2]˙(+)[HCBD]˙(-) (Cp* = pentamethylcyclopentadienide; HCBD = hexacyanobutadienide, C4(CN)6) and [Fe(III)Cp*2]˙(+)[DDQ]˙(-) (DDQ = 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyanoquinonide) were measured at ambient and applied hydrostatic pressures up to 11.4 and 9.2 kbar, respectively. At ambient pressure [FeCp*2][HCBD] exhibits spin glass-like behavior with a freezing temperature, Tf, of 2.93 K from the ...
Ansari Mohammad Ali - - 2013
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) is an emerging oncological imaging modality that is based on a near-infrared optical technique. DOT provides the spatial volume and depth of tumors by determination of optical properties of biological tissues, such as the absorption and scattering coefficients. During a DOT, the optical fibers are kept ...
Legrand V - - 2013
The magnetic symmetry and structure of the non-Fermi liquid heavy fermion compound CeNiGa2 has been determined by neutron powder diffraction. The orthorhombic CeNiGa2 compound orders antiferromagnetically below 4.4(2) K at ambient pressure with a magnetic moment magnitude of μCe = 0.80(4) μB for moments aligned along the c-axis. The magnetic (Shubnikov) space group is ...
Dasilva Jack G - - 2013
The pressure dependence of the magnetic properties of ferrimagnetic Mn(II)(TCNE)I(OH2) up to 14.05 kbar and Mn(II)(TCNE)3/2(I3)1/2·zTHF up to 14.32 kbar were studied. For Mn(II)(TCNE)I(OH2), two distinct pressure regions separated at ∼1 kbar were evident in both the temperature and the field-dependent magnetic measurements. No increase of the magnetic properties was ...
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