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Pinsky Michael R MR Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 606 Scaife Hall, 3550 Terrace Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Functional hemodynamic monitoring is the assessment of the dynamic interactions of hemodynamic variables in response to a defined perturbation. Recent interest in functional hemodynamic monitoring for the bedside assessment of cardiovascular insufficiency has heightened with the documentation of its accuracy in predicting volume responsiveness using a wide variety of monitoring ...
Jansson Sven-Olof SO AstraZeneca R&D, Pepparedsleden 1, 431 83, Mölndal, Sweden, - - 2014
To compare the effects of bisoprolol and metoprolol CR/ZOK (metoprolol succinate controlled release) on systolic blood pressure (bpsys) over a 24-h period in an in silico model. On the basis of the observed data from ambulatory blood pressure measurements (ABPM), a model with an appropriate distribution and correlation structure was derived ...
Baudin Florent F Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Femme Mère Enfant, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Bron, - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of main inspiratory asynchrony events during non-invasive intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIV) for severe bronchiolitis. Ventilator response time and asynchrony were compared in neurally adjusted ventilator assist (NAVA) and in pressure assist/control (PAC) modes. This prospective physiological study was performed in a university hospital's paediatric intensive care ...
Kim Jong-Min JM From the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Dankook, Cheonan, South - - 2014
Enophthalmos occurs from the increased bony volume or decreased soft tissue volume in the orbit and can be caused in patients with long-term ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. This study tried to find out the change of orbital volume by measuring the orbital volume before and after operation in adult patients who ...
Svendsen Mette M Division of Endocrinology, Obesity and Preventive Medicine, Section for Preventive Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital , Oslo , - - 2014
Background and aims. Kiwifruit contains bioactive substances that may lower blood pressure (BP) and improve endothelial function. We examined the effects of adding kiwifruit to the usual diet on 24-h ambulatory BP, office BP and endothelial function. Methods. In a parallel-groups study, 118 subjects with high normal BP or stage ...
Sánchez Rodríguez Luz Helena LH Environmental Toxicology and Toxicogenomics Laboratory, Group of Immunology and Molecular Epidemiology, Faculty of Health - - 2014
Abstract Mercury (Hg) has been implicated as an immunotoxicant in experimental animal models, but its role in the induction of human autoimmunity remains unclear due to contradictory findings. Therefore, it has been claimed that it is important to examine other populations in order to clarify the role of Hg in ...
Guarracino Fabio - - 2014
IntroductionThe purpose of the study was to verify the efficacy of using internal jugular vein (IJV) size and distensibility as a reliable index of fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients with sepsis.MethodsHemodynamic data of mechanically ventilated patients with sepsis were collected through a radial arterial indwelling catheter connected to continuous ...
Jung Mette H MH *Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark and †Department of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) is the key to describing left ventricular (LV) unloading, however, the relation between pressure and the echocardiography-derived surrogate of LV volume (left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD)) as a function of pump speed (RPM) in continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) patients is unknown. In this ...
Hallbergson Anna A Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Although early results of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after tetralogy of Fallot repair have been described, information about late postoperative ventricular size and function is lacking. This study was designed to characterize right ventricular (RV) remodeling up to 10 years after PVR. Retrospective analysis was conducted of cardiovascular magnetic resonance ...
Choi Hanna H College of Nursing, Seoul National University , Seoul, South Korea - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Develop educational materials and a classification system for remote consultations and home-based healthcare through videoconferencing, manage the blood pressure of patients through a ubiquitous-health (u-health) service, and identify its effects on the blood pressure and level of depression of the service recipients (i.e., low-income elderly patients with hypertension). ...
Hughes Brianna H BH Univ. of Maine, School of Food and Agriculture, 5735 Hitchner Hall, Orono, ME, 04469-5735, - - 2014
High-pressure processing (HPP) is used to increase meat safety and shelf-life, with conflicting quality effects depending on rigor status during HPP. In the seafood industry, HPP is used to shuck and pasteurize oysters, but its use on abalones has only been minimally evaluated and the effect of rigor status during ...
Lim Wai-Yee - - 2014
BackgroundMaternal blood pressures in pregnancy is an important determinant of offspring size at birth. However, the relationship between maternal blood pressures and offspring¿s size at birth is not consistent and may vary between ethnic groups. We examined the relationship between maternal peripheral and central blood pressures and offspring size at ...
Peiris S P M SP Department of Colorectal Surgery, Prince Charles Hospital, Merthyr Tydfil, UK, CF47 - - 2014
The laparoscopic approach to colorectal resections is well established, however to enable deep pelvic dissections, patients are often placed in a steep Trendelenburg position, to ensure that bowel does not fall into the operative field. This position impacts negatively on respiratory and cardiac function due to higher intra-thoracic pressure. This ...
Karaho Takehiro T Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Kyorin University, School of Medicine , Mitaka , - - 2014
Abstract Conclusions: Mano-videoendoscopy (MVE), a manometry technique with endoscopic confirmation of the pressure catheter, can supplement the information on upper esophageal sphincter (UES) function, and overcomes the drawbacks of videoendoscopic swallowing study (VESS). Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the possibility of replacing videofluorographic swallowing study (VFSS) with MVE, as ...
Field Thalia S TS Centre for Brain Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; - - 2014
It is unknown whether the physiological impact of a given blood pressure (BP) varies by body size. We explored interactions between higher vs. lower systolic BP (SBP) targets and anthropometric measures (body mass index (BMI), body surface area (BSA), height, weight) and recurrent stroke and death in the Secondary Prevention ...
Szpisjak Dale F DF Department of Anesthesiology, Uniformed Services University, Room C-1090, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD, - - 2014
Field anesthesia machine ventilators powered by compressed gas are designed for remote locations that may lack a pipeline supply of O2. This study determined the O2 consumption of the compPAC ventilator powered by E cylinders when ventilating the Vent Aid Training Test Lung model of high (HC) and low (LC) ...
Barr Yael R YR University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, - - 2014
Barr YR. Lumbar puncture during spaceflight: operational considerations, constraints, concerns, and limitations. Aviat Space Environ Med 2014; 85:1209-13. Lumbar puncture (LP) is a commonly performed low-risk procedure terrestrially, used diagnostically for evaluation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure as well as for collection of CSF for analysis. NASA is investigating noninvasive ...
Saugel Bernd B Department of Anesthesiology, Center of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Blood pressure is overwhelmingly the most commonly measured parameter for the assessment of haemodynamic stability. In clinical routine in the operating theatre and in the intensive care unit, blood pressure measurements are usually obtained intermittently and non-invasively using oscillometry (upper-arm cuff method) or continuously and invasively with an arterial catheter. ...
Romagnoli Stefano - - 2014
IntroductionCritically ill patients and patients undergoing high-risk and major surgery, are instrumented with intra-arterial catheters and invasive blood pressure is considered the ¿gold standard¿ for arterial pressure monitoring. Nonetheless, artifacts due to inappropriate dynamic response of the fluid-filled monitoring systems may lead to clinically relevant differences between actual and displayed ...
Rao Vishal N VN MD-MPH Program, UNC School of Medicine and Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) readings predict the increased risks of cardiovascular events and end-organ damage independent of office blood pressure (BP). Numeracy (the ability to handle numbers) may limit the feasibility of patients' performing HBPM. The authors analyzed data from 409 adults recruited from 12 North Carolina primary care ...
Xiao Jie J Department of Anesthesiology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Supraventricular tachycardia during the induction of anesthesia may carry a higher risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of intravenous landiolol in Chinese patients with intraoperative supraventricular tachycardia during anesthesia. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter, phase 2 study. Eight sites of Chinese hospitals. Men ...
Wallet Lucille L Laboratoire de Phonétique et Phonologie, UMR 7018 (CNRS/Sorbonne-Nouvelle), Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this paper is to compare the aerodynamic parameters of intraoral pressure (IOP), oral airflow (OAF), and estimated transglottal pressure of 10 French patients treated by a cordectomy of types II-III with a group of 10 French healthy subjects. Prospective. The collection of the aerodynamic data was conducted ...
Gore Pradip N PN Department of Pharmacology, Indira Gandhi Govt. Medical College and Hospital, Central Avenue Road, Nagpur- 440018, Maharashtra, India. - - 2014
Objective: The present study was planned to study comparative effects of telmisartan vs lisinopril on blood pressure in patients of metabolic syndrome Methods: The study was carried out on 62 patients of metabolic syndrome from Dec 2010 to Oct 2012 in OPD of Institute. There were two groups, A and ...
Eriksson Jonatan J Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, Linköping University, Linköping, - - 2014
To assess the spatial heterogeneity of the four-dimensional (4D) relative pressure fields in the healthy human left ventricle (LV) and provide reference data for normal LV relative pressure. Twelve healthy subjects underwent a cardiac MRI examination where 4D flow and morphological data were acquired. The latter data were segmented and ...
Yang Zhengyu Z Department of Cardiology, Wuxi People's Hospital , Jiangsu Province , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of perindopril-lercanidipine combination versus perindopril or lercanidipine monotherapies in patients with mild essential hypertension. Methods: A total of 180 patients with mild essential hypertension were randomly assigned to three groups: group A (perindopril 2 mg plus lercanidipine 5 mg; n = 60), group B (lercanidipine 10 mg; ...
DeMaria Samuel S From the Department of Anesthesiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New - - 2014
Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is the mainstay of surgical treatment for sinonasal disease. This surgery carries certain risks. Most of these risks relate to the quality of the surgical field. Thus, mechanisms by which the surgical field can be improved are important to study. We sought to determine whether ...
Andreu Mauro F MF Intensive Care Unit, Diagnostic and Treatment Department, Hospital Santojanni, Buenos Aires, Argentina. - - 2014
During invasive mechanical ventilation, secretions accumulate in the subglottic space; consequently, there is a risk of aspiration of these secretions into the airway during cuff deflation and extubation. To minimize this risk, 2 extubation methods are used. The first consists of introducing a suction catheter into the endotracheal tube (ETT) ...
Chenelle Christopher T CT Department of Respiratory Care, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Maintaining endotracheal tube cuff pressure within a narrow range is an important factor in patient care. The goal of this study was to evaluate the IntelliCuff against the manual technique for maintaining cuff pressure during simulated mechanical ventilation with and without movement. The IntelliCuff was compared to the manual technique ...
Kako Hiromi H Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, USA; Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
With the introduction of redesigned cuffed endotracheal tubes (ETTs), there has been an increasing trend toward their use in pediatric patients. Despite improvements in design, an unintended and prolonged hyperinflation of the cuff can compromise tracheal mucosal perfusion. The current study prospectively monitors changes in intracuff pressure continuously in pediatric ...
Suero Eduardo M EM Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2014
High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a commonly used surgical technique for treating moderate osteoarthritis (OA) of the medial compartment of the knee by shifting the center of force towards the lateral compartment. Previous studies have documented the effects of HTO on the biomechanics of the knee. However, the effects of ...
Jones Steven M SM Liverpool Vascular and Endovascular Service, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom; Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Secure fixation of endovascular stent grafts is essential for successful endovascular aneurysm repair. Hemodynamic distraction forces are generated by blood pressure and blood flow and act against fixation force to encourage migration that may eventually lead to late stent graft failure. The aim of this in silico study was to ...
Münch Frank F Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, - - 2014
Experience regarding warm blood cardioplegia according to Calafiore results from its broad use in adult patients. In this experimental study, tepid (28°C) modified full blood cardioplegia (MBC) was adopted for paediatric use and compared with cold crystalloid cardioplegia (CCC). Twenty male piglets (mean weight: 11.1 ± 1.0 kg) were operated ...
de Fátima Rosas Marchiori Márcia M Department of Psychobiology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of Zen meditation on blood pressure (BP) and quality of life in elderly subjects. A total of 59 volunteers (21 men and 38 women), aged ≥60 years with systolic BP between 130 and 159 mmHg and diastolic BP between 85 and 99 mmHg, were ...
Lakshminrusimha Satyan S Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo NY, - - 2014
BackgroundCurrent neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend tracheal suctioning of non-vigorous neonates born through meconium stained amniotic fluid.MethodsWe evaluated the effect of tracheal suctioning at birth in 29 lambs with asphyxia induced by cord occlusion and meconium aspiration during gasping.ResultsTracheal suctioning at birth (n=15) decreased amount of meconium in distal airways (53±29 ...
Yun Cheolmin C Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University College of Medicine, 126-1 Anam-dong 5-ga, Sungbuk-gu, Seoul, 136-705, South - - 2014
To investigate the risk factors for subconjunctival hemorrhage (SCH) after intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) and evaluate the relationship between hemodynamic status at the time of injection and SCH. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 598 cases of 173 patients who underwent intravitreal injection of ranibizumab ...
Toscano Luciana Tavares LT Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Paraiba, Cidade universitária, João Pessoa, Paraiba, Zip Code 58051-900, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chia supplementation (Salvia hispanica L.) on blood pressure (BP) and its associated cardiometabolic factors in treated and untreated hypertensive individuals. The subjects were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: the hypertensive-drug treated (CHIA-MD, n = 10), hypertensive untreated (CHIA-NM, ...
Zhang Pengfei P Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1370, USA. - - 2014
We propose several novel methods for calculating the bulk pressure in polymer lattice simulations. Our first method combines chain insertion/deletion with Wang-Landau - Optimized Ensemble sampling in the space of number of chains n, which is very efficient and accurate at low to intermediate polymer volume fractions ϕ (e.g., ≲0.7). ...
Kandzari David E DE Piedmont Heart Institute, Atlanta, GA, USA - - 2014
The SYMPLICITY HTN-3 randomized, blinded, sham-controlled trial confirmed the safety of renal denervation (RDN), but did not meet its primary efficacy endpoint. Prior RDN studies have demonstrated significant and durable reductions in blood pressure. This analysis investigated factors that may help explain these disparate results. Patients with resistant hypertension were ...
Schrier Robert W RW From the University of Colorado, Denver (R.W.S., G.B.); University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh (K.Z.A., K.T.B., C.G.M.); Tufts Medical Center (R.D.P., D.C.M.) and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (T.I.S., P.G.C.) - both in Boston; Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN (V.E.T., M.C.H., P.C.H.); Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland (W.E.B.); Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City (F.T.W., J.J.G.); Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta (F.F.R.-O., A.B.C.); and the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
Background Hypertension is common in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and is associated with increased total kidney volume, activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and progression of kidney disease. Methods In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned 558 hypertensive participants with ADPKD (15 to 49 years of age, with ...
Shin Seung Yong SY Cardiovascular & Arrhythmia Center, Heart Research Institute, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Left atrial (LA) fibrosis caused by various pathological stimuli is a common finding. However, the difference of atrial remodelling via haemodynamic change in diverse cardiomyopathy has not been elucidated. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (6-8 weeks, n = 180) were randomly assigned to three groups and corresponding sham control groups: (i) ischaemic ...
Chung Ill-Min - - 2014
This study examined the effects of heat and pressure on the isoflavone content and profiles of soybeans and rice cooked together using an electric rice cooker (ERC) and an electric-pressure rice cooker (EPRC). The total isoflavone content of the soybean-rice mixture after ERC and EPRC cooking relative to that before ...
Cai Anping A Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong General Hospital , Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou , China - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the relationship between pulse pressure index (PPI) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). Method: Observational trial was design and 342 patients newly diagnosed as hypertension without anti-hypertensive therapy were enrolled. According to the cut-off value of CIMT, 342 participants were divided into normal (< 0.9mm) and increased CIMT ...
Vargas Maria - - 2014
Gas-exchange and airway pressures are markedly altered during percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT). A double lumen endotracheal tube (DLET) has been developed for better airway management during PDT. The current study was designed to prospectively evaluate the in-vivo feasibility, gas-exchange and airway pressures during PDT with DLET compared to a conventional ...
Lévesque Valérie V 1Québec Heart and Lung Institute, Québec, QC, Canada; 2Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada; 3Faculty of Pharmacy, Université Laval, Québec, QC, - - 2014
The prevalence of numerous chronic metabolic diseases is increasing worldwide with considerable personal and societal consequences. The aim of our study was to test the hypothesis that assessment of waist circumference (WC) and of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) could be relevant clinical targets of a simple preventive approach designed to improve ...
Wohlfahrt Peter P aCenter for Cardiovascular Prevention of the First Faculty of Medicine, Charles, University and Thomayer Hospital, Prague bInternational Clinical Research Center, St Ann's University Hospital, Brno cDepartment of Preventive Cardiology, Institute for Clinical and Experimental, Medicine, Prague d2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Charles University, Center for Hypertension, Pilsen eDepartment of Cardiology and Angiology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles, University, Prague, Czech - - 2014
There is no agreement on optimal blood pressure (BP) level during the acute phase of stroke, because studies on the relation between BP and stroke outcome have shown contradicting results. The aim of this study was to compare the relationship of admission, maximal, discharge BP and its components during hospitalization ...
Scholz Patrik P University of Applied Sciences Kaiserslautern, Applied Pharmacy Division, Campus Pirmasens, Germany; Institute of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutics, Biopharmaceutics and NutriCosmetics, Freie Universität Berlin, Kelchstr. 31, 12169 Berlin, - - 2014
ARTcrystal(®)-technology is a novel technique for a more efficient production of nanocrystals. It consists of a high speed stirring (HSS) step as pre-milling and subsequent high pressure homogenization (HPH) at reduced pressure and cycle numbers. In this study, three antioxidants, rutin, hesperidin and apigenin, were processed by ARTcrystal(®)-technology, the results ...
Figueroa Juan J JJ Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
To assess the effects patient-controlled abdominal compression on the postural changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP) associated with orthostatic hypotension (OH). Secondary variables included subject assessments of their preferences and the ease-of-use. A randomized cross-over trial. An Autonomic Research Laboratory. Thirteen adults with neurogenic OH. Primary outcome variable: postural changes ...
Topilsky Yan Y Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the outcome of isolated tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and the added value of quantitative evaluation of its severity. TR is of uncertain clinical outcome due to confounding comorbidities. Isolated TR (without significant comorbidities, structural valve disease, significant pulmonary artery systolic pressure elevation by ...
- - 2014
The cardiovascular benefits of blood pressure lowering in obese people compared with people of normal weight might depend on choice of drug. We compared the effects of blood pressure-lowering regimens on cardiovascular risk in groups of patients categorised by baseline body-mass index (BMI). We used individual patient data from trials ...
Li Liang L Cardiovascular Research, Department of Surgery and Anesthesiology, CHUV, Lausanne, - - 2014
A new caval tree system was designed for realistic in vitro simulation. The objective of our study was to assess cannula performance for virtually wall-less versus standard percutaneous thin-walled venous cannulas in a setting of venous collapse in case of negative pressure. For a collapsible caval model, a very flexible ...
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