Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1323
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Widder Randolf A RA Department of Ophthalmology, St. Martinus-Krankenhaus, Gladbacher Str. 26, 40219, Düsseldorf, Germany, - - 2014
To evaluate the potential of lowering intraocular pressure in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma with combined phacoemulsification, Trabectome, and trabecular aspiration (triple procedure) compared to phacoemulsification and trabecular aspiration alone. Using a case-matched retrospective study design, 30 patients were included into each group. The main outcome measures were the reduction of intraocular pressure ...
Li E S ES 1] Faculty of Science, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada [2] Neonatal Research Unit, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, AB, Canada [3] Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
Objective:To assess development of fatigue during chest compressions (CCs) in simulated neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).Study design:Prospective randomized manikin crossover study. Thirty neonatal healthcare professionals who successfully completed the Neonatal Resuscitation Program performed CPR using (i) 3:1 compression:ventilation (C:V) ratio, (ii) continuous CC with asynchronous ventilation (CCaV) at a rate of ...
Marvel Sarah S Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, - - 2014
To compare a vessel sealant device to hemostatic clips for cystic duct ligation in a canine cadaveric model. Experimental. Hepatobiliary systems were collected from normal dogs. A microtip pressure transducer was inserted into the common bile duct and a 20-24 g intravenous catheter was placed in a hepatic duct. The cystic ...
Babic Mirko M Ophthalmology Clinic at University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
To evaluate the reproducibility of intraocular pressure peaks and fluctuation elicited during the water drinking test in treated glaucomatous patients with a long follow-up interval. Retrospective cohort study in a tertiary care practice. 34 treated primary open-angle glaucoma patients. All patients underwent the water drinking test performed in two consecutive ...
Kul Seref S Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakif University , Istanbul , - - 2014
Objectives. Autonomic dysfunction (AD) is frequent in sarcoidosis and considered a result of small fiber neuropathy. A non-dipper blood pressure (BP) pattern, which is also linked to AD, is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and renal diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the non-dipping BP ...
Garcez Flávia Barreto FB Departamento de Fisiologia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, 49100-000, São Cristóvão-SE, Brasil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Due to the high prevalence of anxiety disorders and hypertension comorbidity in the general population, the establishment of anxiety as a risk factor for elevated blood pressure, or the reverse, is of great relevance. In this context, animal models can be of great scientific value, as they permit the control ...
Ghobrial George M GM *Department of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 909 Walnut St., 3rd floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107 †Professor of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University - - 2014
Open-label Laboratory Investigational Study; Non-animal Surgical Simulation OBJECTIVES:: The authors perform a comparison of dural closure strength in a durotomy simulator across two different suture materials. Incidental durotomy leading to persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak adds considerable morbidity to spinal procedures, often complicating routine elective lumbar spinal procedures. Using an ...
Santini Mario M Thoracic Surgery Unit, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy - - 2014
Objective. To evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of LigaSure Forced Triad to create intestinal anastomosis in an ex vivo porcino model. Methods. Colon samples (n = 100) were prospectively randomized into 2 groups: LigaSure group (n = 90) and Stapler group (n = 10). The LigaSure group was divided ...
Nargesi Arash A AA Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The authors aimed to quantify end-digit and threshold biases in blood pressure (BP) measurement with manual and digital sphygmomanometers. In a 3-year follow-up, end-digit and threshold biases were investigated and a new index, called the deviation index, was used to quantify measurement bias. The distribution of systolic and diastolic BPs ...
Duncan Michael J MJ Department of Biomolecular and Sports Science, Coventry University, Coventry, West Midlands, United - - 2014
This study examined the utility of the Ruiz et al. cut-points when examining body mass index (BMI) and resting blood pressure in young people. Two hundred fifty-six children (154 girls and 102 boys) aged 7-16 years underwent assessment of BMI, physical maturation, resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood ...
Chinapaw Mai Jm - - 2014
Evidence on the association between different screen behaviours and cardiometabolic biomarkers in children is limited. We examined the independent relationship of TV time and PC time with cardiometabolic biomarkers in Dutch 5-6 year old children. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted December 2012-March 2013 using data from a multi-ethnic cohort (the ABCD ...
Sarkar Srimanta S GEA-NUS Pharmaceutical Processing Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive, 117543, - - 2014
This study investigated the influence of different disintegrants, present in different substrate physical forms, on dimensional recovery of multi-component tablets prepared at different compression pressures. Formulations containing model drug, metformin, (10%, w/w), different disintegrants (10%, w/w), and lactose (80%, w/w) were compressed directly or after granulation using polyvinyl pyrrolidone (1%, ...
Moustafa Moustafa Abdelaziz MA Department of Anaesthesia, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine, by fiberoptic endoscope, malpositioning of the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) and other extraglottic devices. Prospective study. University-affiliated medical center. 60 adult, ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients, aged 20 - 60 years, scheduled to undergo ophthalmic procedures with general anesthesia during controlled ventilation via LMA (Laryseal). Adequacy ...
Manzano Francisco F Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, C/Avenida de las Fuerzas Armadas, 2, 18014, Granada, Spain, - - 2014
The objective was to compare the effectiveness of repositioning every 2 or 4 h for preventing pressure ulcer development in patients in intensive care unit under mechanical ventilation (MV). This was a pragmatic, open-label randomized clinical trial in consecutive patients on an alternating pressure air mattress (APAM) requiring invasive MV for at ...
Salom-Moreno Jaime J Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Spain; Professor, Cátedra de Investigación y Docencia en Fisioterapia: Terapia Manual y Punción Seca, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Madrid, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of deep dry needling (DDN) on spasticity, pressure sensitivity, and plantar pressure in patients who have had stroke. A randomized controlled trial was conducted. Thirty-four patients who previously had a stroke were randomly assigned either an experimental group that received ...
Thiyagarajan Ramkumar R Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, - - 2014
High blood pressure (BP) is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease morbidity. Considering the growing evidence of nonpharmacological interventions in the management of high BP, we designed a randomized, parallel active-controlled study on the effect of yoga and standard lifestyle modification (LSM) on BP and heart rate in individuals ...
Ishizuka Tomohito T Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen - - 2014
Effects of intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) on cardiopulmonary function were evaluated in horses anesthetized with total intravenous anesthesia using constant rate infusions of medetomidine (3.5 µg/kg/hr), lidocaine (3 mg/kg/hr), butorphanol (24 µg/kg/hr) and propofol (0.1 mg/kg/min) (MLBP-TIVA). Five horses were anesthetized twice using MLBP-TIVA with or without IPPV at ...
Smith P P Department of Anaesthetics, Great Ormond Street Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
We performed a review of published literature comparing the i-gel(™) with other supraglottic airway devices in children. Sixty-two articles were identified following a literature search; we included data from 14 randomised controlled trials and eight observational studies that compared i-gel sizes 1-2.5 with other commonly used, equivalently-sized, devices. The primary ...
Kotanko Peter P Renal Research Institute, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mortality rates in dialysis patients are as high as 20% per year. Recent epidemiologic evidence indicates common patterns in biological and clinical indicators before death. Blood pressure, serum albumin levels, C-reactive protein, body weight, and other indicators change, at a population level, at an accelerated rate of change months before ...
Elixmann Inga M - - 2014
Hydrocephalus is characterized by an excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Therapeutically, an artificial pressure relief valve (so-called shunt) is implanted which opens in case of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) and drains CSF into another body compartment. Today, available shunts are of a mechanical nature and drainage depends on the ...
Kheirabadi Bijan S BS From the US Army Institute of Surgical Research, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, - - 2014
Groin application of Combat Ready Clamp (CRoC) in pigs elicits an acute inflammation in underlying ischemic tissues. This study examined functional recovery of pigs' hind leg(s) following 2 hours of CRoC application. Left femoral arteries were isolated and injured in anesthetized pigs. Following 25% hemorrhage, CRoC was applied on the ...
Nakano Shintaro S Department of Cardiology, International Medical Centre, Saitama Medical University, Japan - - 2014
Adaptive servo-ventilation has a potential sympathoinhibitory effect in acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (ACPO). To evaluate the acute effects of adaptive servo-ventilation in patients with ACPO. Fifty-eight consecutive patients with ACPO were divided into those who underwent adaptive servo-ventilation and those who received oxygen therapy alone as part of their immediate ...
Rezende Daniel Tavares DT Department of Surgery, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
The upper esophageal sphincter is composed of striated muscle. The stress of intubation and the need to inhibit dry swallows during an esophageal manometry test may lead to variations in basal pressure of this sphincter. Upper esophageal sphincter is usually only studied at the final part of the test. Was ...
Park Kyung Hee KH Kyung Hee Park, PhD, RN, CWOCN, KGNP, Director of Samsung Medical Center International Wound Ostomy Continence Nursing Educational Program, Department of Nursing, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, South - - 2014
We measured the effect of a silicone border foam dressing on the development of pressure ulcers (PUs) and incontinence-associated dermatitis in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Nonrandomized comparison cohort (quasi-experimental) study. One hundred and two patients (>40 years of age) with a Braden Scale score of 16 or less who ...
Ripley Lindsay L Dallas VA Medical Center (111A), 4500 South Lancaster Road, Dallas, TX 75216 USA. - - 2014
To determine the impact of music intervention on endothelial function, hemodynamics, and patient anxiety before, during, and after cardiac catheterization. The effect of music therapy during cardiac catheterization on endothelial function and patient satisfaction has received limited study. Seventy patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization were randomized to music therapy (n=36) ...
Hegarty-Craver M M North Carolina State University, Raleigh, - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to provide a definition for interface compression that uses essential principles of engineering science. This definition discusses factors that influence the amount of applied pressure, including the size of the limb, the amount of fabric tension (graduated pressure profile), the number of layers, and ...
Yong-Yan Song S Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory,West China School of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University,Chengdu 610041,China; Department of Biochemistry,School of Preclinical Medicine,North Sichuan Medical College,Nanchong,Sichuan - - 2014
Objective To investigate the possible effects of apolipoprotein A1 gene (APOA1) rs670 and rs5069 polymorphisms on plasma lipid profiles in healthy adolescents with different body mass index (BMI). Methods Totally 723 adolescents were divided into four groups according to their BMI´╝Ügroup 1[BMI=(17.80±0.75)kg/m2],group 2[BMI=(19.39±0.32) kg/m2],group 3[BMI=(20.68±0.43) kg/m2],and group 4[BMI=(23.40±2.05) kg/m2]. Height,weight,waist ...
Hamahata Atsumori A Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Saitama Cancer Center, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Assessment of tongue function following tongue reconstruction is important to evaluate patient status. To assess tongue function in patients who had undergone tongue reconstruction, the surgical team used a simple, hand-held tongue pressure measurement device to measure tongue power. Tongue power of 30 patients (25 males, 5 females; average age: ...
Campo Rebecca A RA Program on Integrative Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB# 7200, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7200, USA, - - 2014
Older cancer survivors are a vulnerable population due to an increased risk for chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease) compounded with treatment late-effects and declines in physical functioning. Therefore, interventions that reduce chronic disease risk factors (i.e., blood pressure, chronic inflammation, and cortisol) are important in this population. Tai chi chih ...
McManus Richard J RJ National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) School for Primary Care Research, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2014
Self-monitoring of blood pressure with self-titration of antihypertensives (self-management) results in lower blood pressure in patients with hypertension, but there are no data about patients in high-risk groups. To determine the effect of self-monitoring with self-titration of antihypertensive medication compared with usual care on systolic blood pressure among patients with ...
Liu Xiaoxia X Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Laiwu People's Hospital, Laiwu, China; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Medicine Academy of Taishan Medical University, Taian, - - 2014
To explore the effects of different types of hysterectomy on lower extremity venous pressure. Ninety-nine patients with benign uterine diseases who were indicated for hysterectomy were included in the present prospective study. Patients were divided into three groups according to their preferences: (i) total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) group (n = 36); (ii) ...
Shih Andre C AC Department of Large Animal, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
To evaluate the cardiopulmonary effects of low-pressure (6 mmHg) peritoneal insufflation of varying duration in healthy cats during ovariectomy (OVE). Prospective, randomized study. Female cats (n = 24). After anesthesia induction, cats had short (Short LAP; n = 8) or long duration (Long LAP; n = 8) laparoscopic ovariectomy, or Open OVE (Open; n = 8) for comparison. Hemodynamic ...
Wang Shou-Sen - - 2014
The causes of dural arteriovenous fistula have not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of dural arteriovenous fistula formation induced by high intracranial venous pressure using a rabbit model. By using rabbit model, dural arteriovenous fistula formation induced by high intracranial venous pressure ...
Bangalore Sripal S Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
The 2014 Eighth Joint National Committee panel recommendations for management of high blood pressure (BP) recommend a systolic BP threshold for initiation of drug therapy and a therapeutic target of <150 mm Hg in those ≥60 years of age, a departure from prior recommendations of <140 mm Hg. However, it is not known ...
Attizzani Guilherme F GF Division of Cardiology, Ferrarotto Hospital, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; Department of Interventional Cardiology, Pitangueiras Hospital, Jundiai, SP, Brazil; Harrington Heart and Vascular Institute, University Hospitals, Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Objectives: We performed systematic optical coherence tomography (OCT) analyses after BVS implantation in a "real world" setting aiming at evaluating scaffold expansion and longitudinal integrity. Background: A comprehensive elucidation of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds´ (BVS) acute performance in the "real-world" setting is lacking Methods: Acute BVS expansion compared with compliance chart ...
Nakajima Kanako K Department of Human Life and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Humanities and Science, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Hip fracture in the elderly is a serious problem, and solutions to prevent falls are needed. This study focused on elucidating data critical to fall prevention by evaluating ambulatory function, and we achieved this by developing a plantar pressure measurement device to determine gait function. Our device enables measurement of ...
Akoumianaki Evangelia E Intensive Care Medicine Department, University Hospital of Heraklion, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, - - 2014
To compare, in a group of difficult to wean critically ill patients, the short-term effects of neurally adjusted ventilator assist (NAVA), proportional assist (PAV+) and pressure support (PSV) ventilation on patient-ventilator interaction. Methods: Seventeen patients were studied during NAVA, PAV+ and PSV with and without artificial increase in ventilator demands ...
Gong Yuhua Y Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College, Huhehot, Inner Mongolia, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate pressure waveform-guided epidural catheter placement (PWEP) and its effect in clinical practice. Single-center, prospective cohort study. University teaching hospital. 3,326 patients undergoing thoracic, abdominal, and lower limb surgery. 1,614 underwent PWEP and 1,664 had the loss-of-resistance (LOR) technique. Anesthesia success and catheter replacement-related complications were recorded. The specificity ...
Paleville Daniela Terson de DT Department of Health and Sport - - 2014
This case-controlled clinical study was undertaken to investigate to what extent pulmonary function in individuals with chronic Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is affected by posture. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1), Maximal Inspiratory Pressure (PImax) and Maximal Expiratory Pressure (PEmax) were obtained from 27 individuals ...
Bolger Darren D School of Applied Physiology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 555 14th Street NW, Atlanta, GA 30318, United - - 2014
Deficits in balance control are one of the most common and serious mobility challenges facing individuals with lower limb loss. Yet, dynamic postural balance control among individuals with lower limb loss remains poorly understood. Here we examined the kinematics and kinetics of dynamic balance in individuals with unilateral transtibial limb ...
Aguero Jaume J Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai - - 2014
In pulmonary hypertension (PH), right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and failure is the main determinant of a poor prognosis. We aimed to characterize RV structural and functional differences during adaptive RV remodeling and progression to RV failure in a large animal model of chronic PH. Postcapillary PH was created surgically in ...
Adhikari Srikar S Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Arizona Medical Center, Tucson, AZ. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the prevalence and demographics of elevated blood pressure (BP) in emergency department (ED) patients. Retrospective study at an academic ED. ED patients with any systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90mm Hg over a 1-year period were included. Data pertaining to frequency of ...
Joly Nikola N Département d'anesthésiologie, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Université de Montréal, Pavillon Hôpital Saint-Luc, Montréal, QC, - - 2014
Many features can influence the choice of a supraglottic airway device (SAD), including ease of insertion, adequate ventilation pressures and lack of adverse effects. The goal of this randomized prospective trial was to compare the performance of the i-gel™ with that of the LMA-Supreme™. One hundred adult patients (American Society ...
Lacombe Matthieu M Réanimation Médicale, Physiologie - Explorations Fonctionnelles, Centre d'Innovations Technologiques UMR 805, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, AP-HP, Garches, and EA 4497, Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Versailles, - - 2014
Background: Mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E), more commonly known as 'cough assist therapy', is a method which produces inspiratory and expiratory assistance to improve cough performances. However, other alternatives or combinations are possible. Objective: The objective was to compare the effects of mechanical insufflation combined with manually assisted coughing (MAC), insufflation-exsufflation alone ...
Runck Hanna H Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Division for Experimental Anesthesiology, University Medical Center Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated the effects of recruitment manoeuvres on subpleural alveolar area in healthy rats. 36 mechanically ventilated rats were allocated to either ZEEP-group or PEEP- 5 cmH2O -group. The subpleural alveoli were observed using a transthoracal endoscopic imaging technique. Two consecutive low-flow manoeuvres up to 30 cmH2O peak pressure each ...
Celli P P Dipartimento di Anestesia e Rianimazione, UOD Anestesia e Terapia Intensiva Trapianti d'Organo, Policlinico Umberto I, "Sapienza," Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The extubation phase is an extremely critical moment in patients who have undergone orthotopic liver transplantation, who do not always have the advantage of long-lasting positive-pressure ventilation and positive expiratory end pressure; these factors can lead to splanchnic venous congestion, and this is why a rapid extubation can represent a ...
Clarkson Douglas McG DM Department Clinical Physics and Bioengineering, FM Building, University Hospital, Coventry CV2 2DX, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The value of compliance of disposable elements such as infusion lines and syringes can significantly affect the performance characteristics of infusion devices. In a technique used to determine the compliance of infusion lines, the item under test is placed in a semi sealed water filled enclosure and the volume of ...
Corino Valentina D A VD Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informatica e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, via Golgi 32, 20133 Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The highly irregular ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation (AF) represents a unique and physiological experimental model to eliminate the influence of rhythmical components of RR variability on arterial pressure variability for investigating the origin of low frequency (LF) component in arterial pressure. Surface ECG, blood pressure and respiratory signals were ...
Erfurt L L Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Leopoldstr. 13, D-80802 Munich, - - 2014
The present study investigated the effects of repeated administration of Korodin(®), a combination of camphor and crataegus berry extract, on blood pressure and attentional functioning. This study was conducted based on a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind design. 54 persons participated (33 female, 21 male) with a mean age of 24.3 years. ...
Lin Qing-Shan QS Institute of Vascular Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
In functional mitral regurgitation (FMR), effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA) displays a dynamic pattern. The impact of dynamic changes of annulus dysfunction and leaflets tenting on phasic EROA was explored with real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D-TEE). RT3D-TEE was performed in 52 FMR patients and 30 controls. Mitral annulus dimensions and ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >