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de Fátima Rosas Marchiori Márcia M Department of Psychobiology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of Zen meditation on blood pressure (BP) and quality of life in elderly subjects. A total of 59 volunteers (21 men and 38 women), aged ≥60 years with systolic BP between 130 and 159 mmHg and diastolic BP between 85 and 99 mmHg, were ...
Lakshminrusimha Satyan S Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo NY, - - 2014
BackgroundCurrent neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend tracheal suctioning of non-vigorous neonates born through meconium stained amniotic fluid.MethodsWe evaluated the effect of tracheal suctioning at birth in 29 lambs with asphyxia induced by cord occlusion and meconium aspiration during gasping.ResultsTracheal suctioning at birth (n=15) decreased amount of meconium in distal airways (53±29 ...
Yun Cheolmin C Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University College of Medicine, 126-1 Anam-dong 5-ga, Sungbuk-gu, Seoul, 136-705, South - - 2014
To investigate the risk factors for subconjunctival hemorrhage (SCH) after intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) and evaluate the relationship between hemodynamic status at the time of injection and SCH. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 598 cases of 173 patients who underwent intravitreal injection of ranibizumab ...
Toscano Luciana Tavares LT Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Paraiba, Cidade universitária, João Pessoa, Paraiba, Zip Code 58051-900, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chia supplementation (Salvia hispanica L.) on blood pressure (BP) and its associated cardiometabolic factors in treated and untreated hypertensive individuals. The subjects were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: the hypertensive-drug treated (CHIA-MD, n = 10), hypertensive untreated (CHIA-NM, ...
Zhang Pengfei P Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1370, USA. - - 2014
We propose several novel methods for calculating the bulk pressure in polymer lattice simulations. Our first method combines chain insertion/deletion with Wang-Landau - Optimized Ensemble sampling in the space of number of chains n, which is very efficient and accurate at low to intermediate polymer volume fractions ϕ (e.g., ≲0.7). ...
Kandzari David E DE Piedmont Heart Institute, Atlanta, GA, USA - - 2014
The SYMPLICITY HTN-3 randomized, blinded, sham-controlled trial confirmed the safety of renal denervation (RDN), but did not meet its primary efficacy endpoint. Prior RDN studies have demonstrated significant and durable reductions in blood pressure. This analysis investigated factors that may help explain these disparate results. Patients with resistant hypertension were ...
Schrier Robert W RW From the University of Colorado, Denver (R.W.S., G.B.); University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh (K.Z.A., K.T.B., C.G.M.); Tufts Medical Center (R.D.P., D.C.M.) and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (T.I.S., P.G.C.) - both in Boston; Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN (V.E.T., M.C.H., P.C.H.); Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland (W.E.B.); Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City (F.T.W., J.J.G.); Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta (F.F.R.-O., A.B.C.); and the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
Background Hypertension is common in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and is associated with increased total kidney volume, activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and progression of kidney disease. Methods In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned 558 hypertensive participants with ADPKD (15 to 49 years of age, with ...
Shin Seung Yong SY Cardiovascular & Arrhythmia Center, Heart Research Institute, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Left atrial (LA) fibrosis caused by various pathological stimuli is a common finding. However, the difference of atrial remodelling via haemodynamic change in diverse cardiomyopathy has not been elucidated. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (6-8 weeks, n = 180) were randomly assigned to three groups and corresponding sham control groups: (i) ischaemic ...
Chung Ill-Min - - 2014
This study examined the effects of heat and pressure on the isoflavone content and profiles of soybeans and rice cooked together using an electric rice cooker (ERC) and an electric-pressure rice cooker (EPRC). The total isoflavone content of the soybean-rice mixture after ERC and EPRC cooking relative to that before ...
Cai Anping A Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong General Hospital , Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou , China - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the relationship between pulse pressure index (PPI) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). Method: Observational trial was design and 342 patients newly diagnosed as hypertension without anti-hypertensive therapy were enrolled. According to the cut-off value of CIMT, 342 participants were divided into normal (< 0.9mm) and increased CIMT ...
Vargas Maria - - 2014
Gas-exchange and airway pressures are markedly altered during percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT). A double lumen endotracheal tube (DLET) has been developed for better airway management during PDT. The current study was designed to prospectively evaluate the in-vivo feasibility, gas-exchange and airway pressures during PDT with DLET compared to a conventional ...
Lévesque Valérie V 1Québec Heart and Lung Institute, Québec, QC, Canada; 2Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada; 3Faculty of Pharmacy, Université Laval, Québec, QC, - - 2014
The prevalence of numerous chronic metabolic diseases is increasing worldwide with considerable personal and societal consequences. The aim of our study was to test the hypothesis that assessment of waist circumference (WC) and of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) could be relevant clinical targets of a simple preventive approach designed to improve ...
Wohlfahrt Peter P aCenter for Cardiovascular Prevention of the First Faculty of Medicine, Charles, University and Thomayer Hospital, Prague bInternational Clinical Research Center, St Ann's University Hospital, Brno cDepartment of Preventive Cardiology, Institute for Clinical and Experimental, Medicine, Prague d2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Charles University, Center for Hypertension, Pilsen eDepartment of Cardiology and Angiology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles, University, Prague, Czech - - 2014
There is no agreement on optimal blood pressure (BP) level during the acute phase of stroke, because studies on the relation between BP and stroke outcome have shown contradicting results. The aim of this study was to compare the relationship of admission, maximal, discharge BP and its components during hospitalization ...
Li Liang L Cardiovascular Research, Department of Surgery and Anesthesiology, CHUV, Lausanne, - - 2014
A new caval tree system was designed for realistic in vitro simulation. The objective of our study was to assess cannula performance for virtually wall-less versus standard percutaneous thin-walled venous cannulas in a setting of venous collapse in case of negative pressure. For a collapsible caval model, a very flexible ...
Talekar C R CR Intensive Care Unit, Logan Hospital, Logan, - - 2014
The application of tracheal cuff pressure monitoring is likely to vary between institutions. The aim of this study was therefore to review current evidence concerning this intervention in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to appraise regional practice by performing a state-wide survey. Publications for review were identified through searches ...
Cerutti Sergio S Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Via Golgi 39, Milano 20133, Italy - - 2014
Dynamics of cardiovascular series may be explored with non-linear techniques. It is unknown if the arterial pressure irregularity commonly observed in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) might be further increased by a sympathetic stimulus such as orthostatic tilt. Twenty patients (62 ± 14 years, 15 men) were recruited for the ...
Obayashi Kenji K Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Nara Medical University School of - - 2014
Background:Melatonin decreases night-time blood pressure (BP) by increasing nitric oxide (NO) in endothelial cells. Whether serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a major endogenous competitive inhibitor of endothelial NO synthase, attenuates the association of melatonin with night-time BP and dipping in humans is unclear.Methods and Results:In this cross-sectional study of 852 community-based elderly individuals, ...
Lipcsey M M Associate professor, Section of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Department of Surgical sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden - - - 2014
The impact of different blood pressure targets is unknown for post cardiac surgery patient in the intensive care unit. We, therefore, investigated the effects of a mean arterial pressure (MAP) target of 65 or 85 mmHg on splanchnic oxygenation, metabolic function, cytokine regulation and gastric tonometry after cardiopulmonary bypass. 16 ...
de la Oliva Pedro P 1Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Materno-Infantil La Paz, Madrid, Spain. 2Department of Pediatrics, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. 3Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Niño Jesús, Madrid, Spain. 4Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain. 5Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Carlos Haya, Málaga, Spain. 6Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Valencia, Spain. 7Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain. 8Department of Pediatrics, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. 9Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Cordoba, - - 2014
To characterize cardiac preload responsiveness in pediatric patients with cardiovascular dysfunction and dilated cardiomyopathy using global end-diastolic volume index, stroke volume index, cardiac index, and extravascular lung water index. Prospective multicenter observational study. Medical/surgical PICUs of seven Spanish University Medical Centers. Seventy-five pediatric patients (42 male, 33 female), median age ...
Ovari Attila A *Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Medical Center; †Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Marine Technology, Department of Material Science and Medical Engineering; and ‡Institute for Biostatistics and Informatics in Medicine and Ageing Research, University of Rostock, Rostock, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of nasal decongestants on eustachian tube (ET) opening. A prospective nonrandomized study. A tertiary referral center. Twenty-four patients (44 ears) with intact eardrums, 39 patients (43 ears) having a noninfected eardrum defect, and six patients with an upper airway infection. Nasal or intratympanal (in perforated ears) ...
Kim Byeong-Keuk BK Division of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 250 Seongsanno, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, - - 2014
No randomized data exist regarding optical coherence tomography (OCT) evaluation immediately post-procedure and at the 3-month follow-up for platinum-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (PtCr-EES) versus cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stents (CoCr-EES). A total of 100 patients were randomly assigned to undergo PtCr-EES (n = 51) or CoCr-EES (n = 49) implantation. OCT was serially evaluated after stent deployment ...
de Souza Leonardo Cordeiro LC Medical Science Post-graduation Program, and - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the recently described timed inspiratory effort (TIE) index in comparison with 4 other previously reported indices as to the weaning outcome in patients with neurologic or neuromuscular disorders. This observational prospective study included subjects undergoing weaning from mechanical ventilation. ...
Miyamoto N N Department of Sports and Life Science, National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Kanoya, - - 2014
Most sporting compression stockings possess a graduated pressure profile. However, it remains unclear whether the graduated pressure profile is an essential feature for reducing the development of muscle fatigue. This study sought to examine the effect of the pressure profile of compression stockings on the degree of muscle fatigue of ...
Tannd Asl A aDepartment of Cardiology, Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine bDepartment of Statistics, Ufuk University Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Ankara, - - 2014
Tp-e/QT, the ratio of the interval between the peak and the end of T wave to the QT interval, is a novel index of arrhythmogenesis. We investigate Tp-e/QT and QT dispersion (QTd) in prehypertensive and normotensive patients with different patterns of nocturnal blood pressure dipping. Forty-seven prehypertensive and 37 normotensive ...
Mahon Richard T RT Naval Medical Research Center - - 2014
Intravenous perfluorocarbons (PFC) have reduced the effects of decompression sickness (DCS) and improved mortality rates in animal models. However, concerns for the physiologic effects of DCS combined with PFC therapy have not been examined in a balanced mixed gender population. Methods: Thirty-two (16 male, 16 female) instrumented and sedated juvenile ...
Dhamija Rajiv R Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, Downey, California; Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, - - 2014
Hemodialysis vascular access surveillance for hemodynamically significant stenosis can be a challenge because no universal gold standard exists. The StenTec Gauge measures static intra-access peak pressure and graphically displays the ratio of this pressure to systemic systolic (peak) arterial pressure (PIA ratio). In combination with careful physical exam (PE), the ...
Yildiz Yahya Y Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Medicana Hospitals Camlica, Istanbul, - - 2014
To compare postoperative prophylactic use of two positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) levels in order to prevent postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Sixty patients undergoing an elective off-pump CABG operation were included in this prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial. Patients were divided into two groups ...
Zhu Jinlong - - 2014
High-pressure compression of water contained in nanoporous silica allowed fabrication of novel porous ice phases as a function of pressure. The starting liquid nanoporous H2O transformed to ice VI and VII at 1.7 GPa and 2.5 GPa, respectively, which are 0.6 GPa and 0.4 GPa higher than commonly accepted pressures ...
Martínez-Legazpi Pablo P Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, - - 2014
Intraventricular fluid dynamics can be assessed clinically using imaging. The contribution of vortex structures to left ventricular (LV) diastolic function has never been quantified in vivo. This study sought to understand the impact of intraventricular flow patterns on filling and to assess whether impaired fluid dynamics may be a source of ...
Rim Tyler Hyungtaek TH Department of Ophthalmology, Severance Hospital, Institute of Vision Research, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To evaluate changes in choroidal thickness before and after steep Trendelenburg position (STP, 40° head-down) using automated segmentation software to analyse swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) data. The eyes of 20 healthy volunteers underwent a three-dimensional wide scanning protocol with SS-OCT (Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) at baseline, immediately after STP was ...
Weir Matthew R MR Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
The effects of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, on blood pressure (BP) and osmotic diuresis- and intravascular volume reduction-related adverse events (AEs) were evaluated using pooled data from four placebo-controlled, phase 3 studies in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM; N=2313). At baseline, 1332 (57.6%) patients were ...
de Leeuw Peter W PW From the Department of Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht, The Netherlands (P.W.d.L., T.A., A.A.K.); CVRx Inc, Minneapolis, MN (E.L.); Division of Nephrology, Virginia Commonwealth University Health System, Richmond (D.S.); Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Rochester Medical Center, NY (J.B.); and Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany (H.H.). - - 2014
Previous trials have shown that in patients with resistant hypertension device-based baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) can substantially reduce blood pressure. However, the fact that electrodes had to be implanted bilaterally may be a drawback for further development of the technique. In this study, we explored whether unilateral stimulation would produce ...
Elvevoll Bjørg - - 2014
Intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome contribute significantly to increased morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. This study describes pathophysiologic effects of the acutely elevated intra-abdominal pressure on microvascular fluid exchange and microcirculation. The resulting changes could contribute to development of organ dysfunction or failure. 16 pigs were randomly ...
Le Bihan David C S DC Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Escola Paulista de Medicina-Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Left atrial (LA) dilation is associated with worse prognosis in various clinical situations including chronic mitral regurgitation (MR). Real time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has allowed a better assessment of LA volumes and function. Little is known about LA size and function in early postoperative period in symptomatic patients with chronic ...
Petrella Robert J - - 2014
It was hypothesized that a mobile health (mHealth) intervention would elicit greater improvements in systolic blood pressure and other cardiometabolic risk factors at 12 weeks, which would be better maintained over 52 weeks, compared to the active control intervention. Eligible participants (>=2 metabolic syndrome risk factors) were randomized to the ...
Camacho Macario M Department of Psychiatry, Division of Sleep Medicine, Stanford Hospital and Clinics, Stanford, - - 2014
The relationship between nasal surgery and its effect on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device therapeutic treatment pressures and CPAP device use has not been previously systematically examined. To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the effect of isolated nasal surgery on therapeutic CPAP device pressures and use in ...
Derosa Giuseppe G Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo , Pavia , - - 2014
Aim. To evaluate the effects of canrenone compared to placebo on blood pressure control, some non-conventional biomarkers in cardiovascular stratification, and on metalloproteinases in patients affected by metabolic syndrome. Methods. A total of 156 Caucasian patients were treated with placebo or canrenone, 50 mg once a day, for 3 months ...
Zhang Qingyou Q Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, - - 2014
We described a heterogenous group of children disabled by postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and evident orthostatic hypertension (OHT). Twenty patients met the diagnostic criteria for POTS + OHT. Their clinical characteristics were compared with those in 76 patients with POTS alone and 20 healthy age-matched controls. Multivariate logistic regression analysis ...
Medrinal C C Groupe Hospitalier du Havre, Service de Pneumologie, Montivilliers, France - - - 2014
Many types of interfaces with intentional leaks exist for Non Invasive Ventilation. The purpose of intentional leaks is to remove CO2 from the interface, however the calibration does not allow a sufficiently large flow and rebreathing of CO2 can occur. The aim of this study was to compare the CO2 ...
Cocucci Cecilia C http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0146-6553 Department of Pediatrics and Maternal Health, Hospital Universitario Austral, Pilar, Argentina Fundación para la Salud Materno Infantil (FUNDASAMIN), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
During manual positive pressure ventilation (PPV), delivering a recommended respiratory rate (RR) is operator dependent. We tested the efficacy of a metronome as a standardised method to improve the accuracy of delivered RR during manual PPV in a neonatal resuscitation simulation. We conducted a blinded simulation in two consecutive stages. ...
Walshe Margaret M Department of Clinical Speech & Language Studies, Trinity College Dublin, - - 2014
To evaluate safety of positioning and distending the Functional Lumen Imaging Probe (FLIP) in the pharyngo-oesophageal segment (POS) in adults with known POS dysfunction and to obtain preliminary measurements of POS distensibility and opening during swallowing in a clinical group. Prospective case-series of ten adults post total laryngectomy (TL) (61-75 ...
Luján Manel M Servei de Pneumologia, Corporaciò Sanitària Parc Taulí, Hospital de Sabadell, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Parc Taulí, Sabadell; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Enfermedades Respiratorias, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, - - 2014
The effect of leaks on volume-targeted pressure support noninvasive ventilation mode has only been tested with continuous simulated leaks. The objective of the study was to assess the influence of random leaks occurring either during inspiration or expiration. Analysis of the volume-targeted pressure support mode in 6 commercial ventilators with ...
Aydın Venera V Akdeniz University, Departments of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Antalya, - - 2014
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has many advantages such as shorter hospital stay of patients, minimal postoperative pain, rapid recovery after the operation; however, systemic disadvantages due to intra-abdominal pressure, position, and general anesthesia may also appear. In this study, pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) and volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) modes during laparoscopic cholecystectomy operations were ...
Fang Lei - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to measure the retinal venous pressure (RVP) in the eyes of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients and healthy subjects with and without a Flammer-Syndrome (FS). RVP was measured in the following four groups of patients and age- and sex-matched healthy controls: (a) 15 patients ...
Simon T P TP Department of Intensive Care and Intermediate Care, RWTH University Hospital, Aachen, Germany - - - 2014
Clinical studies have raised concerns about the safety of 6% hydroxyethylstarch (HES) 130/0.42, but the pathomechanisms of this renal impairment remain unknown. To evaluate the effects of different HES concentrations, molar substitutions and molecular weights in HESinduced renal impairment, we used a porcine twohit model that combined haemorrhagic and septic ...
Hove Karin K K Hove, Department of Diabetes Pathophysiology, Steno Diabetes Center A/S, Gentofte, Denmark - - 2014
Objective Studies have indicated a blood pressure lowering effect of milk-derived peptides in non-diabetic individuals, but the cardiometabolic effects of such peptides in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are not known. We examined the effect of milk fermented with lactobacillus helveticus on blood pressure, glycaemic control and cardiovascular risk ...
Raman Vignesh - - 2014
Background:Respiratory complications occur in 20-65% of esophagectomy patients. While non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is associated with fewer complications than endotracheal intubation (ET), it is relatively contraindicated after esophagectomy due to potential injury to the anastomosis. We created an ex vivo and in vivo pig model to determine the pressure ...
Hunt L - - 2014
Objectives: Assessment of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and the likelihood of abdominal compartment syndrome using valid and reliable measures is an important tool in the assessment of critically ill patients. The current method of relying on a single IAP per measurement period to determine patient clinical status raises the question: is ...
Shin Jonghoon J 1 Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Pusan National University , Busan, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To compare the 24-h changes of intraocular pressure (IOP) and mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) obtained with tafluprost versus travoprost in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods: This study is a randomized crossover study of 50 patients newly diagnosed with NTG who received either tafluprost or travoprost given ...
Fibel Kenton H KH *Department of Medicine, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York; and †New York Giants Medical Services and Training, East Rutherford, New - - 2014
: Venous air embolism (VAE) is a potentially life-threatening event that is most commonly associated with certain surgical procedures, although this theoretical complication of pressurized rapid infusion of intravenous (IV) fluids has been described. This series of cases describes 4 athletes who presented with continuous coughing and other chest complaints ...
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