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Results 301 - 350 of 1257
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Salahdeen, H. M.
The Cardiovascular effects of aqueous extract from the leaf of Tridax procumbens were investigated on anaesthetized Sprague-Dawley rat. The intravenous administration of 3, 6, and 9mg/Kg of the aqueous extract caused significant decreases in the mean arterial blood pressure in a dose-related manner; i.e. the extract caused greater decrease in ...
Conrad Kirk P - - 2004
Relaxin emanates from the corpus luteum of the ovary and circulates during pregnancy. Because the hormone is a potent renal vasodilator and mediates the renal vasodilation and hyperfiltration of pregnancy in conscious rats, we reasoned that it might also contribute to the broader cardiovascular changes of pregnancy. We began investigating ...
Hasegawa Koichi - - 2004
Insulin resistance and impairment of the renal depressor system have been thought to be involved in the development of essential hypertension. However, the relationship between insulin resistance and this system is still unclear. To clarify this relationship, we investigated the role of the renal depressor system in a rat model ...
Briaud S A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although the 24-hour rhythm in blood pressure is well known, it is not clear how environmental light controls circadian cardiovascular and behavioral rhythms. METHODS AND RESULTS: The prolonged exposure of Wistar rats to continuous light for 17 weeks, beginning at 5 weeks old, induced a complete suppression of their ...
Martin D A - - 2004
Recent findings indicate that prenatal protein restriction, which leads to elevated blood pressure in adult rats, results in decreased levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in neonatal rat brain. In light of the evidence of a relationship between dietary DHA and adult blood pressure, the purpose of this study was to ...
Smallegange Corry - - 2004
Kidney function is critical in determining the level of arterial pressure and in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Important evidence comes from studies in which the level of blood pressure is dictated by the donor when kidneys are transplanted between genetically hypertensive and normotensive rats. We have hypothesized that pharmacotherapy modifies ...
Schlenker E H - - 2004
We investigated the effects of captopril (Cap) and L-arginine (Arg) on hypertension and cardiopulmonary function. Our hypothesis was that Cap therapy or Arg will improve cardiopulmonary risk factors for hypertension and hypoventilation in the obese spontaneously hypertensive heart failure rat, which is characterized by hypertension, obesity, and disorders of lipid ...
Harada Hisashi - - 2004
Taurine is known to have antihypertensive and lipid-lowering effects in some experimental models and patients. On the other hand, intracellular free calcium and magnesium play important roles in regulating the tonus of blood vessels and insulin sensitivity. We examined the effect of oral taurine supplementation on blood pressure, serum metabolic ...
Gao Yang - - 2004
There is increasing evidence that human plasma butyrylcholinesterase can lower the toxicity of cocaine overdose. Recently, with structure-based protein engineering, we converted this enzyme into a more efficient cocaine hydrolase (CocE). When tested in rats, CocE shortened cocaine's plasma half-life and decreased drug accumulation in heart and brain. Here, we ...
Dilley Rodney J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Heparin inhibits vascular hypertrophy in angiotensin-induced hypertension, in addition to its well-known role in inhibiting injury-induced vascular smooth muscle proliferation. We tested whether hypertension and vascular hypertrophy could be reduced by heparin independently from the renin-angiotensin system. METHODS: Rats were made hypertensive with a one-kidney, one-clip (1K1C) procedure and ...
Laurant Pascal - - 2004
With aging, large arteries become stiffer and systolic blood pressure consequently increases. Less is known, however, about the age-related change in mechanics of small resistance arteries. The aim of this study was to determine whether aging plays a role in the stiffening of the small mesenteric arteries of rats. Intra-arterial ...
Shen Xiang-chun - - 2004
AIM: To study the influence of crocetin on cardiac hypertrophy induced by overloading pressure in rats. METHODS: The model of cardiac hypertrophy was produced by overloading pressure in rats. The animals were divided into five groups: sham-operation group (0.5% CMC-Na, ig), model group (operation + 0.5% CMC-Na, ig), captopril group ...
Górska Dorota - - 2004
Mianserin is thought to exert little effect on the cardiovascular system. In fact its safety in comparison with tricyclic drugs is high. Various experiments gave varying results as for the influence of the drug on arterial blood pressure in people and animals. Therefore, a study was undertaken in Wistar rats ...
Hasrat J A - - 2004
In traditional medicine Gossypium barbadense L. is used against hypertension. Looking for a scientific basis for this use, the blood-pressure-lowering effect of the decoction of the leaves was confirmed. Fraction II (frII) of the crude extract of G. barbadense showed a dose-dependent hypotensive effect in anaesthetized rats. In hexamethonium-treated rats, ...
Ruixing Yin - - 2004
The effects of cardiotrophin-1 on hemodynamics, cardiac function, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and expression of P53, Fas, Bax and Bcl-2 proteins in myocardium were determined in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing approximately 310 g were subjected to left coronary artery ligation. Seven days before surgery, ...
Qi Xu - - 2004
To determine which subtype of alpha1-adrenergic receptors plays a role in the regulation of blood pressure, with alpha1A-adrenergic receptor-mediated vasoconstriction in perfused hindlimb as a control, we compared the inhibitory effects of various alpha1-adrenergic receptor selective antagonists on the vasopressure responses to phenylephrine between the mean arterial pressure and hindlimb ...
Su Ding-feng - - 2004
AIM: Computerized analysis of blood pressure in conscious freely moving rats is a sound technique for physiological and pharmacological studies. The present work, based on this technique, was designed to introduce two useful methods for the evaluation of antihypertensive drugs in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). They were the directly ...
Yan Hui - - 2004
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a newly found modulator in vascular system. This work showed that gene expression of cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE), a H(2)S generating enzyme, and the activity of CSE in thoracic aorta were suppressed in hypertension rats. The plasma level of H(2)S also decreased in those rats. Exogenous administration ...
Kunes J - - 2004
This review summarizes our findings concerning the altered balance of vasoactive systems (namely sympathetic nervous system and nitric oxide) in various forms of experimental hypertension--genetic hypertension (SHR, HTG rats), salt hypertension (Dahl rats) and NO-deficient hypertension (L-NAME-treated rats). An attempt is made to define relative NO deficiency (compared to the ...
Yamasaki M - - 2004
Hydrostatic pressure gradients due to the gravitational force in blood vessels disappear under conditions of microgravity during spaceflight, and the ability of the baroreceptor reflex to control arterial pressure and blood distribution may be altered. We hypothesized, on the basis of the results obtained in our previous experiments using the ...
Shizuka F - - 2004
The effect of gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA)-enriched soybean on blood pressure was investigated in male spontaneously hypertensive rats. Ten-week-old rats were given diets containing graded levels of GABA-enriched soybean powder for 8 weeks. The systolic blood pressure in rats fed 0.15% GABA diet was significantly lower at 1st week and ...
Yu, Jin
国立情報学研究所で電子化したコンテンツを使用している。
Huang Chi-Yang - - 2003
Chronic pressure overload leads to an increase in the size, i.e. hypertrophy, of cardiomyocytes in the heart. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this hypertrophy are not understood. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) synthesized locally in the heart is known to be associated with the hypertrophic process. So far, however, cardiac IGF-I ...
Eto Masato - - 2003
Increased short-term blood pressure variability is known to be associated with hypertensive target organ damage. Sinoaortic denervation (SAD) induces a marked increase in blood pressure lability without affecting the average blood pressure level. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of blood pressure lability on endothelial vasomotor ...
Kaya M - - 2003
Our previous publication has stressed the benefits of losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, on the permeability of blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood pressure during L-NAME-induced hypertension. This study reports the impacts of anti-hypertensive treatment by losartan on the brain endothelial barrier function and the arterial blood pressure, during acute ...
Ilbay G - - 2003
Hot water epilepsy (HWE) was induced in freely moving Wistar rats by applying hot water jets over the head region. The status of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) during the seizures and during hot water-induced hyperthermia without seizures was examined using Evans blue dye. In order to investigate the contribution of ...
O'Brien William D - - 2003
The study objective was to estimate the pressure threshold (ED(05), effective dose, or in situ peak rarefactional pressure associated with 5% probability of lesions) of ultrasound (US)-induced lung hemorrhage as a function of pulse duration (PD) in adult rats. A total of 220 10- to 11-week-old 250-g female Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Liu Jian-Guo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: It has been proposed that blood pressure variability (BPV) is positively related to end-organ damage (EOD) in hypertension. The present work was designed to observe the effects of long-term treatment with nitrendipine and hydralazine on BPV and EOD in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), to examine the hypothesis that lowering ...
Chan K L - - 2003
The pathogenesis of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is unknown. Intestinal dilatation and preferred occurrence of NEC at sites of bacterial overgrowth (colon and ileum) are common findings. The study attempted to produce NEC with increasing intraluminal pressures and bacterial concentrations in two different aged groups of rats. First, 10-cm terminal ...
Bonafe-Oliveira Lucienne - - 2003
It is usually believed that repair in alveolar bone during orthodontic movement occurs after decreasing of force. However, we have recently observed signs of repair in previously resorbed cementum from human teeth exposed to continuous forces. In order to test the hypothesis that bone resorption and deposition occur concomitantly at ...
Leman S - - 2003
Contextual conditioned fear in the rat is characterized by a freezing immobility associated with a marked increase in blood pressure, a slow increase in heart rate, and ultrasonic vocalizations. A previous Fos study also revealed a marked activation of the ventrolateral part of the periaqueductal gray (VLPAG) and a much ...
Meng Ziqiang - - 2003
This study was designed to investigate effects of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and its derivatives (bisulfite and sulfite) on the rat blood pressure. The blood pressures of male Wistar rats exposed to SO(2) and its derivatives at various doses were measured. Findings were that: (1) with acute-one time exposure to SO(2) ...
Deng Pan-Yue - - 2003
Previous investigations have indicated that capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves play an important role in modulation of the peripheral resistance of the circulation system. In the present study, we examined the role of capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) renovascular hypertension rats. Systolic blood pressure (BP) was monitored by the tail-cuff ...
Geary Greg G - - 2003
The lower limits of cerebral blood flow autoregulation shift toward high pressures in aged compared with young rats. Intraluminal pressure stimulates contractile mechanisms in cerebral arteries that might, in part, cause an age-dependent shift in autoregulation. The present project tested two hypotheses. First, cerebral artery tone is greater in isolated ...
Cheng Xing - - 2003
Apelin is an endogenous depressor peptide for the G protein-coupled APJ receptor. Our hypothesis is that apelin is a venodilator, and it reduces mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP; index of venous tone). Dose-response curves of apelin (10, 20 and 40 nmol/kg) or vehicle (0.9% NaCl) were constructed in two groups ...
Sharifi Ali M - - 2003
This study sought to examine the antihypertensive mechanism of garlic in two-kidney-one-clip (2K1C) hypertensive rat. In this study, the effect of garlic on serum and tissue including: aorta, heart, kidney, lung as well as circulatory (serum) ACE activity in 2K1C rats were examined. Four groups of rats were selected: control ...
Nandhini A T A - - 2004
High fructose feeding induces moderate increases in blood pressure of normal rats, associated with hyperinsulinemia, insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance. Increased vascular resistance, and sodium retention have been proposed to contribute to the blood pressure elevation in this model. Taurine, a sulphur-containing amino acid has been reported to have ...
Maruyama Seitaro - - 2003
Experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) induced in rats by injection of cardiac myosin is an animal model of human myocarditis and post-myocarditis dilated cardiomyopathy. It has been reported that proinflammatory cytokines play crucial roles in the induction of EAM and in the progression of myocardial injury in this disease. FR167653 (1-[7-(4-fluorophenyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-8-(4-pyridyl) ...
Isler Christy M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a rat model of preeclampsia includes features consistent with HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets) syndrome. METHODS: Preeclampsia was induced experimentally in timed-pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats using the reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) model. On day 14 of gestation, silver clips were placed around the aorta ...
Buzello Moriz - - 2003
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) develops very early in experimental renovascular hypertension after clipping of one renal artery and is accompanied by a remodeling of cardiac structure which has not yet been investigated in detail. It was the aim of the present study to analyze changes in cardiomyocyte number and volume ...
Armitage James A - - 2003
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Previous work in both animals and humans with high blood pressure has demonstrated the antihypertensive effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), although it is not known whether these nutrients are effective in preventing hypertension. The predominant n-3 PUFA ...
Krohn Thomas C - - 2003
The widespread use of individually ventilated cage (IVC) systems today has made the impact of CO(2) on rodents a highly important matter. Leaving cages from these systems without ventilation increases CO(2) concentrations inside the cages, as CO(2) generated from the animals is no longer removed actively. In modern IVC systems ...
Wright Rebecca C - - 2003
Previous research in our laboratory has established a restraining role of the hippocampal kappa-opioid receptor system in the neural control of blood pressure. Chronic or acute hippocampal administration of kappa-agonists has been shown to reduce blood pressure. Isolation of male Sprague-Dawley rats provokes an increase in blood pressure, which has ...
Wagner Jens A - - 2003
1. To study the long-term effects of altered cannabinoid receptor activity on myocardial and vascular function, Wistar rats were treated with the selective CB(1) antagonist AM-251 (0.5 mg kg(-1) d(-1)), the potent synthetic cannabinoid HU-210 (50 micro g kg(-1) d(-1)) or vehicle for 12 weeks after coronary artery ligation or ...
Michalkiewicz Mieczyslaw - - 2003
The neurons that control blood pressure express neuropeptide Y. Administered centrally, this neuropeptide reduces blood pressure and anxiety, together with lowering sympathetic outflow. The generation of neuropeptide Y transgenic rats overexpressing this peptide, under its natural promoter, has allowed us to examine the role of endogenous neuropeptide Y in the ...
Qin Xu-Ping - - 2003
Previous investigations have indicated that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays an important role in the regulation of cardiovascular function, and that the development of hypertension may be related to the reduction of sensory vasodilator nerve actions. In the present study, we examined the effect of perindopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, ...
Jacobson Gary M - - 2003
Neointimal proliferation occurring after vascular or endovascular procedures is a major complication leading to end-organ or limb ischemia. In experimental models, balloon injury has been shown to induce NAD(P)H oxidase to produce vascular superoxide anion (O2*-) production, which has been implicated in cell proliferation, but a direct link is still ...
Musabayane C T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Helicrysum ceres root and leaf extracts on mean arterial blood pressure and renal fluid and electrolyte handling in anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Departments of Physiology and Pharmacy, University of Zimbabwe. SUBJECTS: Eight separate groups comprising of control and treated ...
Fujioka Yoshio - - 2003
Activation of the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) is known to be related to elevated blood pressure in hyperinsulinemia. We previously demonstrated that a fructose-enriched diet induced hyperinsulinemia and hypertriglyceridemia, elevated NHE activity, increased intracellular calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i), and increased blood pressure in borderline hypertensive rats (BHR). This study examines whether pharmacologically ...
Abdelrahman Aly M - - 2002
Nociceptin (orphanin FQ) is an endogenous agonist for the opioid receptor-like1 (ORL1) receptor. We investigated the effects of nociceptin on mean circulatory filling pressure, an index of venous tone. The effects of nociceptin (10, 30 nmol/kg, i.v.) and the vehicle (0.9% NaCl) on mean arterial pressure, heart rate and mean ...
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