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Results 251 - 300 of 1534
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Guo Wei W Department of Anesthesiology, Gongli Hospital of Shanghai Pudong New District, Shanghai, China E-mail : - - 2014
To investigate the effects of stellate ganglion block (SGB) on the peri-operative vasomotor cytokine content and intrapulmonary shunt in patients with esophagus cancer who underwent thoracotomy. Forty patients undergoing elective resection of esophageal cancer patients who had I~II American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) were randomly divided into total intravenous anesthesia ...
Joyeux-Faure Marie M University Grenoble Alpes, HP2, Inserm U1042, Grenoble, France ; CHU de Grenoble, Laboratoire EFCR, Clinique Universitaire de Physiologie, Grenoble, - - 2014
Rationale. Accumulated evidence implicates sympathetic activation as inducing oxidative stress and systemic inflammation, which in turn lead to hypertension, endothelial dysfunction, and atherosclerosis in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Statins through their pleiotropic properties may modify inflammation, lipid profile, and cardiovascular outcomes in OSA. Methods. This multicenter, randomized, double-blind study compared ...
Petrie Ryan J RJ Laboratory of Cell and Developmental Biology, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
A method to directly measure the intracellular pressure of adherent, migrating cells is described in this unit. This approach is based on the servo-null method where a microelectrode is introduced into the cell to directly measure the physical pressure of the cytoplasm. We also describe the initial calibration of the ...
Zhao Yin-Ying YY School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, Zhejiang Province, China ; Affiliated Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of transient high perfusion pressure on the retinal vessel diameter and retinal ganglion cells. The animals were divided into four groups according to different infusion pressure and infusion time (60 mm Hg-3min, 60 mm Hg-5min, 100 mm Hg-3min, 100 mm Hg-5min). Each group consisted of six ...
Wu J J JJ 1] Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China [2] Department of Geological Sciences, Jackson School of Geosciences, The University of Texas at Austin, TX 78712, - - 2014
One of key issues in studying iron based superconductors is to understand how the magnetic phase of the parent compounds evolves. Here we report the systematic investigation of paramagnetic to antiferromagnetic and tetragonal to orthorhombic structural transitions of "122" SrFe2As2 parent compound using combined high resolution synchrotron Mössbauer spectroscopy and ...
Abutarboush Rania R NeuroTrauma Department, Naval Medical Research Center (NMRC), Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA. - - 2014
The use of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOC) as oxygen delivering therapies during hypoxic states has been hindered by vasoconstrictive side effects caused by depletion of nitric oxide (NO). OxyVita C is a promising oxygen-carrying solution that consists of a zero-linked hemoglobin polymer with a high molecular weight (~17 MDa). The ...
Zyła Gaweł G Department of Physics, Rzeszów 35-905, Poland. - - 2014
The paper presents results of rheological experiments on viscosity under anisotropic pressure and in electric field of diethylene glycol-based MgAl2O4 nanofluids. Nanofluids have been prepared in a two-step method. The dynamic viscosity of nanofluids with various mass concentrations of nanoparticles was measured in the range of shear rates from 10 ...
Chen Lisa Y LY Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, - - 2014
Continuous monitoring of internal physiological parameters is essential for critical care patients, but currently can only be practically achieved via tethered solutions. Here we report a wireless, real-time pressure monitoring system with passive, flexible, millimetre-scale sensors, scaled down to unprecedented dimensions of 1 × 1 × 0.1 cubic millimeters. This ...
Chmiel Corinne C Institute of General Practice and Health Services Research, University of Zurich, Zürich, - - 2014
Inadequate blood pressure (BP) control is a frequent challenge in general practice. The objective of this study was to determine whether a color-coded BP booklet using a traffic light scheme (red, >180 mmHg systolic BP and/or >110 mmHg diastolic BP; yellow, >140-180 mmHg systolic BP or >90-110 mmHg diastolic BP; ...
Kashefi Parviz P Department of Anesthesia, Medical School, St-Alzahra Medical Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of preoperatively administered i.v. hypertonic saline on hypotension following induction of general anesthesia. Fifty-four patients who scheduled for elective surgery were randomly allocated to two groups of 27 patients who received hypertonic saline 5% (2.3 ml/kg) or received normal saline ...
Meng You-Fan YF Department of Anesthesiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China - - 2014
Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of topical ropivacaine anesthesia on hemodynamic responses during intubation and extubation of hypertensive patients. Material and Methods One hundred fifty patients with hypertension ASA II-III were scheduled for noncardiac operations. Patients were divided into 3 groups: a control group ...
Değirmenci Hüsnü H Department of Cardiology, Mengücek Gazi Education and Research Hospital, Erzincan University, Erzincan, - - 2014
Background We aimed to examine the correlation among nighttime blood pressure, heart rate variability, and left atrium peak systolic global longitudinal strain among patients with subjective tinnitus. Material and Methods Eighty patients with tinnitus were assigned to Group 1 and 80 healthy individuals were assigned to Group 2. Clinical blood ...
Hu Wei - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether transcatheter renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) interfere with the development of left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony during the progression of heart failure (HF). Nineteen beagles were randomly divided into sham-operated group (six dogs), control group (seven dogs), and RSD group (six dogs). ...
Telles Shirley S Yoga Research, Patanjali Research Foundation, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, - - 2014
Background Previous research has shown a reduction in blood pressure (BP) immediately after the practice of alternate nostril yoga breathing (ANYB) in normal healthy male volunteers and in hypertensive patients of both sexes. The BP during ANYB has not been recorded. Material and Methods Participants were 26 male volunteers (group ...
Makino Eiko E Department of Orthodontics (Suidobashi Hospital), Tokyo Dental - - 2014
Change in occlusion and masticatory function after orthodontic treatment was investigated by a follow-up study in a group of 14 patients with malocclusion (3 men, 11 women, aged 12-46 years). All completed a food questionnaire and underwent occlusal force evaluation using a pressure-sensitive sheet at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and during the ...
Govindan Rathinaswamy Bhavanandhan RB Division of Fetal and Transitional Medicine, Children's National Medical Center , Washington, DC , - - 2014
We extended our recent modification of the power spectral estimation approach to quantify spectral coherence. We tested both the standard and the modified approaches on simulated data, which showed that the modified approach was highly specific and sensitive to the coupling introduced in the simulation while the standard approach lacked ...
Peng Xiaoli X 1] Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Institute of Public Health, Chengdu Medical College, Chengdu 610083, Sichuan, China [2] Research Center for Nutrition and Food Safety, Institute of Military Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Safety, Chongqing Medical Nutrition Research Center, Chongqing 400038, China - - 2014
The studies investigating the effects of green tea on blood pressure (BP) have generated inconsistent results. The aim of this study is to quantitatively evaluate the effects of green tea on BP control. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library (updated to March 2014) were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating ...
Saritas Z K - - 2014
The study included 12 clinically healthy, adult male dogs of various breeds, admitted to our clinic for castration. After general anesthesia with sevoflurane, we administered epidural fentanyl (1 mcg/kg) to fentanyl group, while lidocaine group was given Lidocaine (3 mg/kg) through epidural administration. When hemodynamic parameters were stabilized, first measurements ...
Zou Chunpeng C Department of Ultrasonic Diagnosis, Second Affiliated Hospital & Yuying Children's Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China - - 2014
Background The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and value of strain-blood pressure index (SBPI) to assess early changes in elasticity of anterior tibial artery in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Material and Methods Eighty-one randomly selected in-patients with T2DM were divided into 2 groups ...
Gebremedhn Endale G EG Department of Anesthesia, School of Medicine, Gondar College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gonder, - - 2014
Rapid sequence induction and intubation (RSII) is a medical procedure involving a prompt induction of general anesthesia by using cricoid pressure that prevents regurgitation of gastric contents. The factors affecting RSII are prophylaxis for aspiration, preoxygenation, drug and equipment preparation for RSII, ventilation after induction till intubation and patient condition. ...
Viqueira Villarejo María M Deustotech Life Department, University of Deusto, Bilbao 48007, - - 2014
This paper describes a study dealing with a technological solution to measure gait quality in people suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS) by selecting objective parameters that focus on their step. Android mobile technology, online services and four wireless pressure sensors are used in concert for this purpose. The objective of ...
Baltieri Letícia L Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba, Piracicaba, SP, - - 2014
In surgical procedures, obesity is a risk factor for the onset of intra and postoperative respiratory complications. Determine what moment of application of positive pressure brings better benefits on lung function, incidence of atelectasis and diaphragmatic excursion, in the preoperative, intraoperative or immediate postoperative period. Randomized, controlled, blinded study, conducted ...
Gogus Nermin N Anesthesiology and Reanimation Clinic, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Laryngoscopy and intubation can cause hemodynamic response. Various medications may be employed to control that response. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of dexmedetomidine, fentanyl and esmolol on hemodynamic response. Ninety elective surgery patients who needed endotracheal intubation who were in American Society of Anesthesiology I-II group ...
Oksar Menekse M Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ankara Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although many features of robotic prostatectomy are similar to those of conventional laparoscopic urological procedures (such as laparoscopic prostatectomy), the procedure is associated with some drawbacks, which include limited intravenous access, relatively long operating time, deep Trendelenburg position, and high intra-abdominal pressure. The primary aim was to describe respiratory and ...
Bardgett Megan E - - 2013
Development of angiotensin II (Ang II)-dependent hypertension involves microglial activation and proinflammatory cytokine actions in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Cytokines activate receptor signaling pathways that can both acutely grade neuronal discharge and trigger long-term adaptive changes that modulate neuronal excitability through gene transcription. Here, we investigated contributions of PVN ...
Güven Ozlem O Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Atatürk Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2013
Many studies focusing on the effects of local anaesthetics on QT intervals have been performed, but the articles evaluating the relationship between thoracic epidural anaesthesia combined with general anaesthesia and QT parameters are very limited. We aimed to compare the effects of bupivacaine and ropivacaine on QT interval, corrected QT, ...
Chang Jason J JJ Department of Neurology, University of Southern California, - - 2013
Intracerebral hemorrhage is associated with poor clinical outcome and high mortality. Research and treatment modalities have focused on the expansion of the primary hematoma through blood pressure control and activation of coagulation factors. However, clinical trials have failed to show decreased rates of death or disability in intracerebral hemorrhage following ...
Fitta Magdalena - - 2013
A comprehensive study of magnetocaloric effect (MCE) and critical behaviour in the ferrimagnetic Mn2-pyridazine-[Nb(CN)8] molecular magnet under hydrostatic pressure is reported. The pressure-induced structural changes provoke the strengthening of magnetic interaction between Mn and Nb centres. Consequently, an increase of critical temperature Tc is observed from 43 K for a sample at ambient ...
Chen Hong - - 2013
Focused ultrasound (FUS) in combination with microbubbles (MBs) has been successfully used in the delivery of therapeutic agents of various sizes through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in preclinical studies. However, the dependence of delivery efficiency on the drug molecular size calls for further exploration. Fluorescence-labeled dextrans of molecular weights of ...
Yue Yun-Hua YH Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, - - 2013
We sought to study the blood pressure variability statuses among different subtypes of acute ischemic stroke. From July 2009 to July 2011, 226 acute ischemic stroke patients aged 66.2±11.9 years, including 128 men and 98 women, were enrolled from the Departments of Neurology and Emergency at Urumqi Friendship Hospital. Based ...
Zhao Hong Jian - - 2013
First-principles calculations are performed to investigate structural and magnetic behaviors of rare-earth orthochromates as a function of 'chemical' pressure (that is, the rare-earth ionic radius), epitaxial misfit strain and hydrostatic pressure. From a structural point of view, (i) 'chemical' pressure significantly modifies antipolar displacements, Cr-O-Cr bond angles and the resulting oxygen ...
Elli Murat M *Department of Pediatric Oncology, Medical Faculty, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun 55039, Turkey. - - 2013
Wilms' tumor, or nephroblastoma, is the most common primary malignant renal tumor of childhood. The excellent outcome now expected for most children with this tumor is attributed to the combination of effective adjuvant chemotherapy, improved surgical and anesthetic techniques and also the radiosensitivity of the tumor. The numerous organ systems ...
Podduturi Vishwa Priya - - 2013
Determining the factors that influence the delivery of sub-micron particles to tumors and understanding the relative importance of each of these factors is fundamental to the optimization of the particle delivery process. In this paper, a model that combines random walk with the pressure driven movement of nanoparticles in a ...
Akıncı Ibrahim Özkan IÖ Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive care, İstanbul University İstanbul Medical Faculty, İstanbul, - - 2013
Mechanical ventilation (MV) may induce lung injury. To assess and evaluate the role of different mechanical ventilation strategies on ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) in comparison to a strategy which includes recruitment manoeuvre (RM). Randomized animal experiment. Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were anaesthetised, tracheostomised and divided into 5 groups randomly according ...
Kwok Sit Yee - - 2013
Catecholamine-associated cardiomyopathies caused by neuroblastoma have rarely been reported. We are reporting 2 cases of neuroblastoma associated with hypertension and severe cardiomyopathic changes in different extremes. One case was dilated cardiomyopathy with heart failure, and the other showed echocardiographic features simulating hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Both girls had high levels of ...
Suzuki Sumihiro - - 2013
Thermodynamic stability boundary of structure-H hydrates with large guest species and methane (CH4) at extremely high pressures has been almost unclear. In the present study, the four-phase equilibrium relations in the structure-H CH4+1,1,2,2,3,3,4-heptafluorocyclopentane (1,1,2,2,3,3,4-HFCP) mixed hydrate system were investigated in a temperature range of (281.05 to 330.12) K and a ...
Dasilva Jack G - - 2013
The magnetic properties of [Fe(III)Cp*2]˙(+)[HCBD]˙(-) (Cp* = pentamethylcyclopentadienide; HCBD = hexacyanobutadienide, C4(CN)6) and [Fe(III)Cp*2]˙(+)[DDQ]˙(-) (DDQ = 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyanoquinonide) were measured at ambient and applied hydrostatic pressures up to 11.4 and 9.2 kbar, respectively. At ambient pressure [FeCp*2][HCBD] exhibits spin glass-like behavior with a freezing temperature, Tf, of 2.93 K from the ...
Ansari Mohammad Ali - - 2013
Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) is an emerging oncological imaging modality that is based on a near-infrared optical technique. DOT provides the spatial volume and depth of tumors by determination of optical properties of biological tissues, such as the absorption and scattering coefficients. During a DOT, the optical fibers are kept ...
Legrand V - - 2013
The magnetic symmetry and structure of the non-Fermi liquid heavy fermion compound CeNiGa2 has been determined by neutron powder diffraction. The orthorhombic CeNiGa2 compound orders antiferromagnetically below 4.4(2) K at ambient pressure with a magnetic moment magnitude of μCe = 0.80(4) μB for moments aligned along the c-axis. The magnetic (Shubnikov) space group is ...
Dasilva Jack G - - 2013
The pressure dependence of the magnetic properties of ferrimagnetic Mn(II)(TCNE)I(OH2) up to 14.05 kbar and Mn(II)(TCNE)3/2(I3)1/2·zTHF up to 14.32 kbar were studied. For Mn(II)(TCNE)I(OH2), two distinct pressure regions separated at ∼1 kbar were evident in both the temperature and the field-dependent magnetic measurements. No increase of the magnetic properties was ...
Borowski Allison M - - 2013
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The end point of chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma is qualitative. We intended to determine the feasibility of measuring intra-arterial pressure changes after chemoembolization and hypothesized that pressures would increase in the distal hepatic artery after the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Before and after chemoembolization, systemic (S) systolic ...
Ramseyer Vanesa D VD Hypertension and Vascular Research Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a pleiotropic cytokine that becomes elevated in chronic inflammatory states such as hypertension and diabetes and has been found to mediate both increases and decreases in blood pressure. High levels of TNF-α decrease blood pressure, whereas moderate increases in TNF-α have been associated with increased ...
Hamann A - - 2013
In the prototypical heavy-fermion system CeCu_{6-x}Au_{x}, a magnetic quantum critical point can be tuned by Au concentration x, hydrostatic pressure p, or magnetic field B. A striking equivalence of the tuning behavior with x or p had been found with respect to thermodynamic and transport properties. By means of elastic ...
Garcia-Saiz Abel - - 2013
We report a combined study using magnetization and Raman spectroscopy on the magnetic ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrachloroferrate, Emim[FeCl4]. This material shows a long-range antiferromagnetic ordering below the Néel temperature TN ≈ 3.8 K. The effects of pressure on the magnetic properties have been studied using a miniature piston-cylinder CuBe pressure ...
Zhou X - - 2013
We have studied the pressure-induced phase transitions from NaCl-type (B1) to CsCl-type (B2) structure in BaS, BaSe and BaTe by using ab initio density functional theory computations in the local density approximation. The Buerger and WTM mechanisms were explored by mapping the enthalpy contours in two- and four-dimensional configuration space ...
Wong Chee Wai CW Vitreoretinal Service, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore, - - 2013
To describe a patient with pressure-induced interlamellar stromal keratitis after complicated vitreoretinal surgery, occurring 7 years after myopic laser in situ keratomileusis. Case report and review of the literature. A 45-year-old man presented with increasing pain and blurring of vision in his left eye 3 weeks after vitreoretinal surgery for ...
Nooraei Navid N Department of Anesthesiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical - - 2013
Laryngoscopy and intubation incur hemodynamic changes like increase in heart rate, arterial blood pressure, pulmonary artery pressure, wedge capillary pressure and arrhythmias. Anesthesiologists are continually in search of ways to alleviate such complications. Several medicinal methods have been suggested that serve the purpose including the administration of intravenous magnesium sulfate ...
Vlaisavljevich Eli - - 2013
This paper is an initial work towards developing an image-guided, targeted ultrasound ablation technique by combining histotripsy with nanodroplets that can be selectively delivered to tumor cells. Using extremely short, high-pressure pulses, histotripsy generates a dense cloud of cavitating microbubbles that fractionates tissue. We hypothesize that synthetic nanodroplets that encapsulate ...
Arnberg Karina K Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports , University of Copenhagen , Rolighedsvej 30, 1958 Frederiksberg , - - 2013
Arterial stiffness, blood pressure (BP) and blood lipids may be improved by milk in adults and the effects may be mediated via proteins. However, limited is known about the effects of milk proteins on central aortic BP and no studies have examined the effects in children. Therefore, the present trial ...
Santander Petra - - 2012
Swallowing disturbances are common after neurological disease and oropharyngeal tumor resection. In this case the oral stage is often affected. So far the clinical evaluation of the oral phase is limited. Recently the role of pressure changes during oropharyngeal swallowing has been pointed out, but until now there are not ...
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