Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1242
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Jalili Thunder - - 2006
Quercetin (Q), a flavonoid found in berries and onions, can reduce blood pressure in hypertensive animals and inhibit signal transduction pathways in vitro that regulate cardiac hypertrophy. We hypothesized that quercetin could prevent cardiovascular complications in rats with abdominal aortic constriction (AAC). Rats consumed standard or Q-supplemented chow (1.5 g ...
Bexis Sotiria - - 2006
The effects of injection of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) and N-ethyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDEA) (all 20 mg kg(-1)) on blood pressure, heart rate, core body temperature and locomotor activity in conscious rats were investigated using radiotelemetry. MDMA and MDA produced a prolonged increase in both systolic and diastolic pressures, with MDA causing ...
Adeneye A A - - 2006
The present study was designed to evaluate the hypotensive properties and the mechanisms of action of the stem bark aqueous extract of Musanga cecropioides R.Br. Apud Tedlie (MCW) in anesthetized rats of Sprague-Dawley strain, through an invasive direct blood pressure measuring procedure. Thirty adult rats, weighing 150-230 g, were grouped ...
Ari Ilknur - - 2006
Septic encephalopathy is a complication of sepsis, and it is closely associated with the increased mortality of the sufferers. Pathophysiology of septic encephalopathy is not still completely understood. In an attempt to provide insight into the pathogenesis of septic encephalopathy, a light and electron microscopic investigation has been carried out ...
Lemmer Björn - - 2006
In all mammals the cardiovascular system is highly organised in time. Pathophysiological cardiovascular events also do not occur at random (e.g. sudden cardiac death, stroke, ventricular arrhythmias, arterial embolism, symptoms of coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction). Radiotelemetry allows to get more insight into the circadian regulation of the cardiovascular system ...
Wold Loren E - - 2006
Exposure to ultrafine particles (UFPs) by inhalation increases the number and severity of cardiac events. The specific mechanism(s) of action are unknown. This study was designed to examine whether UFPs could exert a direct effect on the cardiovascular system without dependence upon lung-mediated responses. The direct effects of UFPs were ...
Ning Gangmin - - 2006
This paper was aimed to apply telemetry technology to investigate the cardiovascular activity of rats. A subminiature radio transducer was implanted in the body of rat to measure beat to beat blood pressure, ECG, body temperature, as well as the activity of rat continuously. Mathematic tools were developed to extract ...
Tanaka Kunihiko - - 2006
In order to evaluate the roles of the vestibular system in controlling arterial pressure (AP) during exposure to a short period of microgravity (microG), the AP was measured in conscious free-moving rats having intact vestibular systems and those having vestibular lesions (FM-Intact and FM-VL groups, respectively). During free drop-induced microG, ...
Cipolla Marilyn J - - 2006
We investigated how hypertension during pregnancy affected passive structural (wall:lumen, wall stress) and active (myogenic activity) responses of the cerebral circulation. Female nonpregnant (NP; n=8) Sprague Dawley rats were compared with late-pregnant (LP; day 19 to 20, n=6) rats. Some animals were treated with the NO synthase inhibitor nitro-L-arginine in ...
Bechtold Andrea G - - 2006
Systemic corticosterone (Cort) modulates arterial baroreflex control of both heart rate and renal sympathetic nerve activity. Because baroreceptor afferents terminate in the dorsal hindbrain (DHB), an area with dense corticosteroid receptor expression, we tested the hypothesis that prolonged activation of DHB Cort receptors increases the midpoint and reduces the gain ...
Myers Michael M - - 2005
This article summarizes results from a program of research that has focused on understanding the characteristics of, and factors that shape, acute cardiovascular responses to feeding in infants. The work developed from behavioral observations in rats suggesting a linkage between variations in maternal behavior and adult blood pressure. However, the ...
Yalcin Murat - - 2005
1. In the present study, we aimed to determine the involvement of brain thromboxane A2 (TXA2) in blood pressure decreases evoked by acute and/or graded haemorrhage in rats. 2. Sprague-Dawley rats were used throughout the study. Acute haemorrhage was achieved by withdrawing a total volume of 2.1 and 2.5 mL ...
Linder-Ganz Eran - - 2006
Deep pressure sores (DPS) are associated with inadequate soft tissue perfusion and excessive tissue deformation over critical time durations, as well as with ischemia-reperfusion cycles and deficiency of the lymphatic system. Muscle tissue shows the lowest tolerance to pressure injuries, compared with more superficial tissues. In this communication, we present ...
Vancraeynest David - - 2006
AIMS: Ultrasound (US)-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) is a promising method for delivering genetic material to the heart. The aim of this study was: (i) to test whether colloid nanoparticles can be delivered to the rat myocardium using UTMD; and (ii) to determine whether tissue damage and contractile dysfunction occurs in ...
D'Angelo Gerard - - 2005
Fructose feeding has been widely reported to cause hypertension in rats, as assessed indirectly by tail cuff plethysmography. Because there are potentially significant drawbacks associated with plethysmography, we determined whether blood pressure changes could be detected by long-term monitoring with telemetry in age-matched male Sprague-Dawley rats fed either a normal ...
Gao Shuang - - 2005
The Na(+) receptor that exists in the hepatoportal region plays an important role in postprandial natriuresis and the regulation of Na(+) balance during NaCl load. Thus it would be considered that a dysfunction of the hepatic Na(+) receptor might result in the elevation of arterial pressure under a condition of ...
Oliveira M V B - - 2005
This study investigated whether paraquat (Pq)-induced lipidic peroxidation (LP) is accompanied by changes in blood pressure and heart rate (HR) in rats. Groups of adult male Wistar rats were studied 2 and 12 h after Pq (35 mg/kg, i.p.) administration. The LP was evaluated by monitoring thiobarbituric acid reactive substances ...
Rauchová Hana - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the production of superoxide anions as well as their role in the induction and/or maintenance of high blood pressure in rats with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertension. In the preventive study, we compared adult Wistar rats treated with L-NAME for 4 weeks ...
Boustany Carine M - - 2005
Previous studies in our laboratory demonstrated that rats exhibiting obesity in response to a moderately high-fat (MHF) diet developed hypertension associated with activation of the local and systemic renin-angiotensin system. In this study, we examined the effect of the angiotensin type 1 (AT(1))-receptor antagonist, losartan, on blood pressure in obesity-prone ...
Michalkiewicz Mieczyslaw - - 2005
Neuropeptide Y is a potent inhibitory neurotransmitter expressed in the central neurons that control blood pressure. NO also serves as an inhibitory neurotransmitter, and its deficit causes sympathetic overactivity, which then contributes to hypertension. This study tested the hypothesis that neuropeptide Y functions as a central neurotransmitter to lower blood ...
Tovote Philip - - 2005
Fear-inducing stimuli were hypothesized to elicit fast heart rate (HR) responses but slow mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) responses and thus were studied in auditory fear conditioning and acoustic startle at high temporal resolution in freely moving mice and rats. Fear-induced instantaneous acceleration of HR reaching maximum physiological values and ...
Moffitt Julia A - - 2005
The function of the arterial baroreflex has traditionally been assessed by measurement of reflex changes in heart rate (HR) or sympathetic nerve activity resulting from experimenter-induced manipulation of arterial blood pressure (the Oxford method, also termed the pharmacological method). However, logistical and flexibility limitations of this technique have promoted the ...
Lemmer Björn - - 2005
Transgenic hypertensive TGR(mREN2)27 rats (TGR) exhibit an inverse circadian blood pressure profile from the age of 8 to 9 wk. To investigate the role of the sympathetic nervous system in this pathological blood pressure rhythm, we examined postnatal changes in catecholamine concentration, expression of tyrosine-hydroxylase (TH), and norepinephrine (NE) reuptake(1)-transporter ...
Kuo Wei-Wen - - 2005
The contribution of the mitochondrial components, the main source of energy for the cardiac hypertrophic growth induced by pressure overload, is not well understood. In the present study, complete coarctation of abdominal aorta was used to induce the rapid development of cardiac hypertrophy in rats. One to two days after ...
Abdelrahman Aly Mohamed - - 2005
Substance P is an undecapeptide that belongs to the mammalian tachykinin family. We investigated the effects of substance P on venous tone in conscious rats through measurement of mean circulatory filling pressure. The effects of substance P (10 and 30 nmol/kg, IV) and the vehicle (0.9% NaCl) on mean arterial ...
Kalaitzis Christos - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To define the role of the renal nerves of the contralateral kidney in the maintenance of two-kidney, one-clip (2K-1C) renovascular hypertension in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The contralateral kidney of 2K-1C rats was denervated 6 months after induction of hypertension and 4 weeks after nephrectomy of the clipped kidney. ...
Bernard Bruce K - - 2005
The consumption of fermented milk to maintain good health, including the maintance of normal blood pressure, is an ancient tradition in a number of areas of the world (e.g., East Asia, France). Recent studies have suggested that fermented milk has a normotensive effect in hypertensive rats and humans, but no ...
Shingala J R - - 2005
We investigated the antihypertensive effect of 5-HT1A agonist (buspirone) and 5-HT2B antagonists (SB204741 and SB200646) in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-induced hypertensive rats. Experiments were divided into two sets: in the first set, sham-operated control and DOCA-treated hypertensive rats received buspirone (1 mg/kg/day p.o. for 4 weeks) and in the second set, ...
Etard Olivier - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the vestibular system in cardiovascular control in a varying gravito-inertial field induced by parabolic flight. We measured variations in arterial pressure and heart rate in eight awake rats, four of which had undergone bilateral labyrinthectomy 3 months previously. While ...
Turcani Marian - - 2004
1 Reduction in repolarizing potassium currents has controversial effects on hypertrophic responses in cardiomyocytes of transgenic models and cultured cardiomyocytes. It remains thus unknown whether a blockade of potassium channels with tedisamil (N,N'dicyclopropylmethylene-9,9-tetramethylene-3,7-diazabicyclo(3.3.1)nonane dihydrochloride) has any effects on cardiac growth during postnatal development or pressure overload. 2 To test the ...
Zhang Wei-Ning - - 2004
This study assessed freezing behaviour and cardiovascular responses during the expression of latent inhibition of conditioned fear. Animals that were either repeatedly preexposed (PE) to a tone conditioned stimulus (CS) or naive to the tone (non-preexposed; NPE) subsequently experienced three presentations of the tone paired with footshock. Animals were tested ...
Malviya V, Singh R, ...
OBJECTIVE: To study the cardio-respiratory effects of DRDE-07, a new prophylactic agent for sulphur mustard. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The effect of DRDE-07 was studied in anesthetized male rats (Wistar), by administering it either by intraperitoneal or oral routes. Different doses (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 LD50) were used and various ...
Watanabe Shiro - - 2004
Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) play a central role in development of pancreatic fibrosis. In chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic tissue pressure is higher than that of the normal pancreas. We here evaluate the effects of pressure on the activation of rat PSCs. PSCs were isolated from the pancreas of Wistar rat using ...
Lang-Lazdunski Loïc - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of equilibrating distal aortic pressure with atmospheric pressure (open distal anastomosis) on spinal cord perfusion, neurological outcome and spinal cord histopathology in a rat model of descending thoracic aortic surgery. METHODS: Proximal thoracic aortic occlusion was obtained in Sprague-Dawley rats by inflating the balloon of ...
Hussein, Aida A; Zoology ...
Ochratoxin A (OA) or (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by certain <I>Penecillium</I> (mainly <I>P. verrucosum</I>) and <I>Aspergillus </I> (mainly <I>A. occracies</I>) species of storage fungi. This toxin is a secondary fungal metabolites which has been detected in a variety of animal chows, human food and in up to 80% of ...
Salahdeen, H. M.
The Cardiovascular effects of aqueous extract from the leaf of Tridax procumbens were investigated on anaesthetized Sprague-Dawley rat. The intravenous administration of 3, 6, and 9mg/Kg of the aqueous extract caused significant decreases in the mean arterial blood pressure in a dose-related manner; i.e. the extract caused greater decrease in ...
Conrad Kirk P - - 2004
Relaxin emanates from the corpus luteum of the ovary and circulates during pregnancy. Because the hormone is a potent renal vasodilator and mediates the renal vasodilation and hyperfiltration of pregnancy in conscious rats, we reasoned that it might also contribute to the broader cardiovascular changes of pregnancy. We began investigating ...
Hasegawa Koichi - - 2004
Insulin resistance and impairment of the renal depressor system have been thought to be involved in the development of essential hypertension. However, the relationship between insulin resistance and this system is still unclear. To clarify this relationship, we investigated the role of the renal depressor system in a rat model ...
Briaud S A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although the 24-hour rhythm in blood pressure is well known, it is not clear how environmental light controls circadian cardiovascular and behavioral rhythms. METHODS AND RESULTS: The prolonged exposure of Wistar rats to continuous light for 17 weeks, beginning at 5 weeks old, induced a complete suppression of their ...
Martin D A - - 2004
Recent findings indicate that prenatal protein restriction, which leads to elevated blood pressure in adult rats, results in decreased levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in neonatal rat brain. In light of the evidence of a relationship between dietary DHA and adult blood pressure, the purpose of this study was to ...
Smallegange Corry - - 2004
Kidney function is critical in determining the level of arterial pressure and in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Important evidence comes from studies in which the level of blood pressure is dictated by the donor when kidneys are transplanted between genetically hypertensive and normotensive rats. We have hypothesized that pharmacotherapy modifies ...
Schlenker E H - - 2004
We investigated the effects of captopril (Cap) and L-arginine (Arg) on hypertension and cardiopulmonary function. Our hypothesis was that Cap therapy or Arg will improve cardiopulmonary risk factors for hypertension and hypoventilation in the obese spontaneously hypertensive heart failure rat, which is characterized by hypertension, obesity, and disorders of lipid ...
Harada Hisashi - - 2004
Taurine is known to have antihypertensive and lipid-lowering effects in some experimental models and patients. On the other hand, intracellular free calcium and magnesium play important roles in regulating the tonus of blood vessels and insulin sensitivity. We examined the effect of oral taurine supplementation on blood pressure, serum metabolic ...
Gao Yang - - 2004
There is increasing evidence that human plasma butyrylcholinesterase can lower the toxicity of cocaine overdose. Recently, with structure-based protein engineering, we converted this enzyme into a more efficient cocaine hydrolase (CocE). When tested in rats, CocE shortened cocaine's plasma half-life and decreased drug accumulation in heart and brain. Here, we ...
Dilley Rodney J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Heparin inhibits vascular hypertrophy in angiotensin-induced hypertension, in addition to its well-known role in inhibiting injury-induced vascular smooth muscle proliferation. We tested whether hypertension and vascular hypertrophy could be reduced by heparin independently from the renin-angiotensin system. METHODS: Rats were made hypertensive with a one-kidney, one-clip (1K1C) procedure and ...
Laurant Pascal - - 2004
With aging, large arteries become stiffer and systolic blood pressure consequently increases. Less is known, however, about the age-related change in mechanics of small resistance arteries. The aim of this study was to determine whether aging plays a role in the stiffening of the small mesenteric arteries of rats. Intra-arterial ...
Shen Xiang-chun - - 2004
AIM: To study the influence of crocetin on cardiac hypertrophy induced by overloading pressure in rats. METHODS: The model of cardiac hypertrophy was produced by overloading pressure in rats. The animals were divided into five groups: sham-operation group (0.5% CMC-Na, ig), model group (operation + 0.5% CMC-Na, ig), captopril group ...
Górska Dorota - - 2004
Mianserin is thought to exert little effect on the cardiovascular system. In fact its safety in comparison with tricyclic drugs is high. Various experiments gave varying results as for the influence of the drug on arterial blood pressure in people and animals. Therefore, a study was undertaken in Wistar rats ...
Hasrat J A - - 2004
In traditional medicine Gossypium barbadense L. is used against hypertension. Looking for a scientific basis for this use, the blood-pressure-lowering effect of the decoction of the leaves was confirmed. Fraction II (frII) of the crude extract of G. barbadense showed a dose-dependent hypotensive effect in anaesthetized rats. In hexamethonium-treated rats, ...
Ruixing Yin - - 2004
The effects of cardiotrophin-1 on hemodynamics, cardiac function, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and expression of P53, Fas, Bax and Bcl-2 proteins in myocardium were determined in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing approximately 310 g were subjected to left coronary artery ligation. Seven days before surgery, ...
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