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Results 251 - 300 of 1360
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Fang Jian - - 2010
The adaptive changes that develop in the pressure-overloaded left ventricular myocardium include cardiac hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effects of Tanshinone II-A, a bioactive diterpene quinone isolated from Danshen, on cardiac fibrosis and collagen metabolism in rats with renovascular hypertension. Male ...
Sanchez D - - 2010
Endothelial dysfunction is one of the many proposed mechanisms of hypertension and it may justify, at least in part, the increased blood pressure of hypertensive subjects. Nevertheless, the exact mechanisms involved in the hypertensive condition of obese Zucker rats are unclear. In this study, we measured the arterial blood pressure ...
Kobayashi Yoshitaka - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: The association between intramuscular pressure and low back pain was investigated by measuring intramuscular pressure and blood flow, assessing histologic appearance, and performing immunohistochemical testing in rats. OBJECTIVE: To develop an experimental rat model of increased intramuscular pressure (IMP) in the lumbar paraspinal muscles accompanied by reduced intramuscular ...
KopczyƄska Beata - - 2010
Arvanil is a metabolically stable hybrid between anandamide and capsaicin. The present study was designed to test the role of the vagal pathway in post-arvanil respiratory and blood pressure responses. Respiratory and pressure changes evoked by an intravenous injection of arvanil were investigated in 21 urethane-chloralose anaesthetised and spontaneously breathing ...
Tateishi Atsushi - - 2010
A large number of diverse signaling molecules in cell and animal models participate in the stimulus-response pathway through which the hypertrophic growth of the myocardium is controlled. However, the mechanisms of signaling pathway including the influence of lithium, which is known as an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta, in pressure ...
Sowmya Sagiraju - - 2010
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is a metabolic disorder marked by an excess amount of the amino acid homocysteine (Hcy) in the blood stream. Hcy is a H(2)S precursor-formed from the metabolism of methionine. Elevated Hcy levels have been associated with higher blood pressure. However, the precise contribution of H(2)S to blood pressure ...
Leung S W S - - 2010
Danshen is the dried root and rhizome of the Chinese medicinal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Labiatae), which has been used to treat hypertension and myocardial infarction. One of its water-soluble active components is magnesium tanshinoate B (MTB). The present study examined and compared the cardiovascular effects of the water-soluble extract ...
Darbin O - - 2010
High pressure of helium-oxygen (He-O2) increases the extracellular levels in both serotonine and dopamine in the rat striatum. Some motor symptoms evoked by high pressure (i.e., LMA) are known to be reduced by intrastriatal infusions of D1-like (SCH23390, 1 microM) or D2-like (Sulpiride, 1 microM) dopaminergic antagonists. Other studies have ...
Godse Sandip - - 2010
Fructose feeding induces a rise in blood pressure in normal rats and is associated with insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. We have examined the effect of myricetin (100 and 300 mg/kg, p.o. for 6 weeks) isolated from Vitis vinifera Linn. (Vitaceae) on systolic blood pressure (SBP), vascular reactivity, serum glucose, ...
Yu Xiao - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential beneficial effects of celastrol, a compound with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) under hypertensive conditions. Hypertension was induced in rats by fructose feeding. Hypertensive rats were injected with celastrol, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) and ...
Shams M Shahbaz - - 2010
AIMS: Transdermal therapeutic systems were developed using the polymers, Eudragit E 100 and polyvinyl pyrrolidone VA 64 in a film casting assembly. The medicated films were evaluated for physical properties, in vitro drug release studies, in vitro skin permeation studies, and pharmacodynamic studies. RESULTS: The physical parameters were found to ...
Rybczynska A - - 2010
Calcilytics, antagonists of calcium receptor, decrease sensitivity of this receptor to plasma calcium concentration and increase parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. Moreover, it was recently indicated that calcilytic NPS 2143 induces hypertension in rats. This study tested whether the increase of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) induced by NPS 2143 administration ...
Olatunji L A - - 2010
The present study sought to investigate the effects of prostaglandins synthesis inhibition with indomethacin on blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac weight, plasma electrolytes and cardiovascular responses to arterial baroreceptor stimulation in Oral contraceptive (OC) treated female Sprague-Dawley rats. Oral administration of synthetic oestrogen, ethinyl oestradiol in combination with progestogen, norgestrel ...
Ameer O Z - - 2010
We investigated the vascular responses and the blood pressure reducing effects of different fractions obtained from the methanol extract of Loranthus ferrugineus Roxb. (F. Loranthaceae). By means of solvent-solvent extraction, L. ferrugineus methanol extract (LFME) was successively fractionated with chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol. The ability of these LFME fractions ...
De Brito Gariepy H - - 2010
Kinins are neuroactive peptides that could play a role in central autonomic control of blood pressure. Whereas kinin B1R binding sites were increased in specific brain areas of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Angiotensin II (AngII)-hypertensive rats, the contribution of kinin B1R in hypertension remains controversial. The aims of the ...
Liu Yue - - 2010
Cortistatin (CST) is a newly discovered polypeptide with multiple biological activities that plays a regulatory role in the nervous, endocrine and immune systems. However, the role of CST in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases remains unclear. In this study, we investigated in rats whether CST inhibits vascular calcification induced by ...
Nishi Erika Emy - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate, through the single-cell gel (comet) assay, whether vitamin C is able to protect against renovascular hypertension-induced genotoxicity in multiple organs. A total of 32 male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: negative control (n = 6); animals treated with vitamin C ...
Amin Osama Shukir Muhammed - - 2010
The occurrence of simultaneous spontaneous non-traumatic hypertensive intracerebral haemorrhages (ICHs) is a rare event that carries a considerable morbidity and mortality. These haematomas constitute 0.7-2% of all hypertensive ICHs. We report a 42-year-old man with ischaemic heart disease who presented with sudden severe pancephalic headache, repeated vomiting and left-sided weakness. ...
Ishii Yukihito - - 2010
The Spontaneously Diabetic Torii-Lepr(fa) (SDT-fa/fa) rat, a new model of obese type 2 diabetes, shows obesity, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia from 6 weeks of age. Diabetic complications such as nephropathy and cataract are observed with aging; however, blood pressure change with age has not previously been examined. In this study, blood ...
Mihara Yuko - - 2010
Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) is a critical condition following the onset of traumatic brain injury, and it is essential to immediately reduce elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). Single burr hole surgery/twist drill craniostomy is commonly performed in patients with ASDH as an emergency surgical intervention, usually preceding decompressive craniotomy. A novel ...
Rokamp Kim Z - - 2010
To prevent endothelium and nerve lesions, tracheal tube and laryngeal mask cuff pressure is to be maintained at a low level and yet be high enough to secure air sealing. In a prospective quality-control study, 201 patients undergoing surgery during anaesthesia (without the use of nitrous oxide) were included for ...
Rizk Natalie N - - 2010
The majority of retropharyngeal hematomas described in the literature have been associated with anticoagulation therapy, tumors, aneurysm, infection or cervical spine injury. We present a case of a 55-year-old African American female with acute chest pain, sore throat, and dysphagia. Her past medical history was significant for uncontrolled hypertension and ...
Doyle Alex - - 2010
The Lotrach endotracheal tube has a unique low-volume, low-pressure (LVLP) cuff, which has been designed to prevent pressure injury to the tracheal wall. We aimed to estimate the pressure exerted on the tracheal wall by the LVLP cuff and a conventional cuff in a bench-top, clinical and radiological study. In ...
Hlavackova L - - 2010
The presented study is aimed on exploring the effects of black pepper on blood pressure in the rat model of experimental hypertension induced by chronic NO synthesis inhibition. Piperine, the compound of black pepper, can cause a significant decrease of blood pressure in normotensive rats possibly via calcium channel blockade, ...
Ribeiro Junior Rogério Faustino - - 2010
Our aim was to evaluate the effects of soybean oil treatment for 15 days on arterial and ventricular pressure, myocardial mechanics and proteins involved in calcium handling. Wistar rats were divided in two groups receiving 100 microL of soybean oil (SB) or saline (CT) i.m. for 15 days. Ventricular performance ...
Leong Xin-Fang - - 2010
Poor control of blood pressure leads to hypertension which is a major risk factor for development of cardiovascular disease. The present study aimed to explore possible mechanisms of elevation in blood pressure following consumption of heated vegetable oil. Forty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into six groups: Group I ...
Xiao Liang - - 2010
Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that tentacle-only extract (TOE) has similar hypotensive effects with nematocyst venom from jellyfish Cyanea capillata, and the experimental studies on the in vivo cardiovascular effects of TOE were further performed to explore the leading cause of death and analyze the basic physiopathologic change ...
Kadowaki Daisuke - - 2009
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers, which inhibit the rennin-angiotensin system, are used in the treatment of hypertension. In addition to their ability to lower blood pressure, these compounds have also been reported to protect organs, such as kidney and heart. Although the mechanisms of these protective effects are not ...
Li Zhao-Feng - - 2010
Obestatin, encoded by the same gene as ghrelin, was first described as a physiological opponent of ghrelin. We investigated fasting plasma ghrelin and obestatin levels in spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar-Kyoto rats. We found that ghrelin levels, obestatin levels and the ratio of ghrelin to obestatin were significantly higher in ...
Bankar Girish R - - 2010
We have previously demonstrated the vasorelaxant activity of 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivative (NOX-1) through L-type Ca2+ channel blockage. In the present study, we investigated whether the correction of endothelial dysfunction is dependent on the normalization of high blood pressure levels by 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivative (NOX-1) in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA-salt) and N(G)-nitro-l-arginine (L-NNA) hypertensive ...
Wang B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that ingestion of Lactobacillus reuteri may modulate colonic enteric neuron activity but with unknown effects on colon motility. The aim of the present report was to elucidate the neuronal mechanisms of action of the probiotic by comparing the effects on motility of L. reuteri ingestion ...
Silva-Junior Geraldo de Oliveira Gde - - 2011
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) agonists have been shown controlling blood pressure (BP) in spontaneously hypertensive rats and salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. The present study aims to test the hypothesis that PPAR-gamma agonist rosiglitazone has beneficial effects on cardiac and vascular adverse remodeling in a model of renovascular hypertension (two-kidneys-one-clip, 2K1C model). ...
Ke Qingen - - 2009
Combretastatin A-4 phosphate (CA4P) is a novel and promising anti-neoplastic agent. However, it is associated with transient hypertension in both animal and human models. In this study, we examined the potential cardiac toxicity and hypertensive effects of CA4P, and defined the most effective pharmacological inhibition of CA4P-induced hypertension in rats. ...
Belmokhtar Mounia - - 2009
Cistus ladaniferus L. (Cistaceae) is a medicinal plant originated from the Mediterranean region which exerts different pharmacological effects. In the present study, our goal was to examine whether the plant possessed antihypertensive properties. Aqueous extract of Cistus leaves (AEC, 500mg/kg/day) reduced systemic blood pressure (SBP) in two animal models of ...
Mohan Mahalaxmi - - 2009
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Solanum torvum (Solanaceae) is a plant used in Cameroon ethnomedicine for the treatment of hypertension. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was aimed to determine the effect of ethanolic extract of Solanum torvum (100 and 300 mg/kg; p.o. for 6 weeks) on systolic blood pressure (SBP), vascular ...
Zeman Michal - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Plasma melatonin concentrations in non-dipping patients show a blunted daily rhythm. Melatonin has a capacity to improve disturbances in biological rhythms. Hypertensive TGR(mRen2)27 (TGR) rats with an upregulated renin-angiotensin system and inverted blood pressure profile were used to elucidate whether melatonin is able to influence the control of blood ...
Laugero Kevin D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Exenatide is a peptide incretin mimetic that has glucoregulatory actions associated with weight reduction. Previous reports demonstrated acute increases in blood pressure after systemic or intracerebroventricular administration of exenatide or glucagon like peptide 1 (GLP 1) in rats. However, there are limited studies testing the chronic effects of these ...
Ong Sharon Leng Hong - - 2009
Although dexamethasone (DEX) is known to cause hypertension in humans and in animals, the hemodynamic characteristics of DEX-induced hypertension (DEX-HT) in the rat remain unclear. This study evaluated central and regional hemodynamics, and the role of total peripheral resistance (TPR) using a vasodilator minoxidil. Rats were divided into four groups, ...
Li Zhao-Feng - - 2009
Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for the GH secretagogue receptor, has been shown to decrease arterial pressure. Obestatin, a sibling of ghrelin derived from preproghrelin, opposes several physiological actions of ghrelin. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of bolus intravenous injection of obestatin on blood pressure in ...
Chandler Derrick L DL Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Center for Excellence in Cardiovascular-Renal Research, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, - - 2009
An elevated plasma level of homocysteine (hyperhomocysteinemia) is thought to be an important risk factor for a variety of cardiovascular diseases including preeclampsia. Although clinical studies have reported a two- to threefold elevation in plasma levels of homocysteine in women who developed preeclampsia, the importance of hyperhomocysteinemia in causing endothelial ...
Lee Tae-Yeon - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that orthodontic pressure does not induce gene transcription of IL-1beta, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 in pressure gingival soft tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 14 male Wistar rats were used with three rats as no appliance controls and another three as the sham appliance group. ...
Augustyniak Robert A - - 2010
1. Chronically increased sympathetic nerve activity is present during chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, its role in contributing to hypertension or the progression of CKD remains poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to determine whether neonatal sympathectomy attenuates hypertension in 5/6 nephrectomized rats and affects renal structure ...
Friedemann Thomas - - 2009
Effect of manual acupuncture (twisting; lifting and thrusting; combination of them) at acupoints Nei-guan (PL-6) in the fore limb and Zu-san-li (ST-36) in the hind limb on mean arterial blood pressure was investigated in anesthetized rats. During acupuncture treatment mean arterial blood pressure was decreased but fluctuated in intact rats, ...
Kaygisiz Ziya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: There are evidences that proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP) and calcitonin may be involved in cardiovascular function. Therefore, we studied effects of rat PAMP and human PAMP as well as rat calcitonin and salmon calcitonin on coronary perfusion pressure, heart rate and contractile force. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts were ...
Han Jing-Jun - - 2009
Inhibition of cardiac hypertrophy leads to a significant reduction in cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Quercetin is by far the most abundant flavonoid and believed to ameliorate cardiovascular disease. Therefore, we investigated whether quercetin supplementation could attenuate the development of cardiac hypertrophy induced by pressure overload. Three weeks after suprarenal transverse ...
Matsumoto Mika - - 2009
We examined the effect of high salt intake on mean arterial pressure and circadian blood pressure rhythm in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a model of type II diabetes mellitus. Mean arterial pressure, fasting blood glucose, and fasting plasma insulin in OLETF rats were higher than those in LETO ...
Rizzoni Damiano - - 2009
The Milan hypertensive rat strain (MHS) is a genetic strain in which cardiovascular phenotypes seem to be dependent, at least in part, on adducin gene polymorphisms. The aim of our study was to evaluate the structure, contractile responses and endothelium-dependent vasodilation in mesenteric small resistance arteries in 12-week-old MHS, (n=7), ...
Erbanová Michaela - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed to characterize the autoregulatory efficiency of renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate and the pressure-natriuresis relationship in transgenic rats with inducible angiotensin II (ANG II)-dependent hypertension (Cyp1a1-Ren-2 rats). METHODS: The renin gene was induced in Cyp1a1-Ren-2 rats through dietary administration of the natural ...
Inta Ioana I Department of Neurology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2009
An increased blood pressure can elicit remodeling of the cardiovascular system. Experimental data have implicated gp130, a subunit of the receptor for interleukin-6 (IL-6)-related cytokines, in the regulation of proliferation and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Here, we investigate whether serum soluble gp130 concentrations correlate with ...
Linder A Elizabeth AE Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, - - 2009
Hypertension is closely associated with erectile dysfunction (ED) as it has been observed in many experimental models of hypertension. Additionally, epidemiological studies show that approximately a third of hypertensive patients have ED. To test the hypothesis that the two-kidney, one-clip (2K-1C) rat model of hypertension displays normal erectile function due ...
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