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Results 201 - 250 of 1249
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Ren Yijin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the age-dependent morphology of the periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue and changes in its surface area (SA) during force application provided with a standardized orthodontic setup for a period of 12 weeks in young and adult rats. METHODS: Two groups of 30 rats, age 6 weeks and 9 ...
Lehmann Artur - - 2009
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is secreted by parathyroid glands and is the main known factor that control plasma calcium concentration. There are many indications that PTH or products of PTH degradation influence the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP). These observations might be important in diseases accompanied with the overproduction of PTH ...
Yzydorczyk Catherine - - 2008
Long-term vascular and renal consequences of neonatal oxidative injury are unknown. Using a rat model, we sought to investigate whether vascular function and blood pressure are altered in adult rats exposed to hyperoxic conditions as neonates. We also questioned whether neonatal O(2) injury causes long-term renal damage, important in the ...
Liu Chengyun - - 2008
The effect of atorvastatin on warfarin-induced aortic medial calcification and systolic blood pressure (SBP) of rats induced by warfarin was studied. Thirty healthy and adult rats were randomly divided into Warfarin group (n=10), Atorvastatin group (n=10) and normal control group (n=10). Caudal arterial pressure of rats was measured once a ...
Zeller J - - 2008
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonists effectively abort migraine headache and inhibit neurogenic vasodilatation in humans as well as rat models. Monoclonal antibodies typically have long half-lives, and we investigated whether or not function-blocking CGRP antibodies would inhibit neurogenic vasodilatation with a long duration of action and therefore be a ...
Musabayane Cephas T CT Department of Human Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. - - 2008
The aim of this study was to examine some in vivo and in vitro cardiovascular effects of Helichrysum ceres leaf ethanolic extract (HCE) in experimental animal paradigms. The acute effects of HCE on blood pressure were studied in anaesthetised normotensive male Wistar rats challenged with intravenous hypotonic saline infusion after ...
Gulia K K - - 2008
The effects of electrical stimulation to the septum on penile erections in rats were examined to clarify the mechanisms for regulation of erectile responses during different states of vigilance. Penile responses were assessed by changes in pressure in the corpus spongiosum of penis (CSP) and electromyography (EMG) of the bulbospongiosus ...
Verma, Subodh
The general purpose of this thesis was to examine the effect of chronic metformin treatment on isolated cardiac function in rats made diabetic with STZ and secondly to explore the effect of metformin treatment on the hyperinsulinemic status of two rodent models of hypertension, the spontaneously hypertensive rat and the ...
Ishii M - - 2008
An understanding of aminopeptidase A in hypertension is important, given its ability to cleave the N-terminal aspartic acid of potent vasoconstrictor angiotensin II. However, the role of aminopeptidase A in hypertension has received limited attention. Because we have succeeded in producing recombinant human aminopeptidase A, the effect of aminopeptidase A ...
Zhou Li-Min - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The authors' previous study showed a closed-loop chip system that was used to control arterial pressure in normal rabbits and rats. In the present study the anti-hypertensive effects of the chip system were investigated in anaesthetized two-kidney one-clip (2K1C) renovascular hypertensive rats and compared with sham-operated rats. MATERIAL/METHODS: The ...
Leong Xin Fang - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Palm oil used worldwide contains considerable amounts of antioxidants, namely, vitamin E and carotenes. The purpose of the study was to observe the effect of heated palm oil on blood pressure and observe the cardiac histological changes in rats. METHODS: Forty male Sprague Dawley rats were divided equally into ...
Zheng Yan-Hong - - 2008
The possible effects of cervical lymphatic blockade (CLB) on a series of parameters in conscious freely moving rats were analysed. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) for conscious male Sprague-Dawley rats at 1, 3, 7, 11, 15 and 21 days after a CLB or a sham operation were monitored ...
Stauss Harald M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular myogenic function, which protects the brain from hemorrhagic stroke, is impaired in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. Furthermore, myogenic function contributes to very low frequency blood pressure variability and dynamic autoregulation of cerebral blood flow is most effective at very low frequency in rats. Therefore, we hypothesized that very ...
de Cássia Cypriano Ervati Pinter Rita - - 2008
The present study investigated the effects of 8 week of resistance training (RT) on hemodynamic and ventricular function on cardiac myosin ATPase activity, and on contractility of papillary muscles of rats. Groups: control (CO), electrically stimulated (ES), trained at 60% (TR 60%) and 75% of one repetition maximum (1RM) (TR ...
Wlodek Mary E - - 2008
Impaired growth in utero predicts a low nephron number and high blood pressure later in life as does slowed or accelerated growth after a normal birth weight. We measured the effects of early postnatal growth restriction, with or without prenatal growth restriction, on blood pressure and nephron number in male ...
Resstel Leonardo B M - - 2008
1. Increased plasma homocysteine content and increased blood pressure are independently associated with higher cardiovascular risks. The present study was designed to determine the effects of hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcys) on the activity of the cardiovascular system in rats. 2. Using male Wistar rats, the effect of moderate HHcys, induced by treating ...
Hernández Prada José A JA McKnight Brain Institute and Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2008
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a key renin-angiotensin system enzyme involved in balancing the adverse effects of angiotensin II on the cardiovascular system, and its overexpression by gene transfer is beneficial in cardiovascular disease. Therefore, our objectives were 2-fold: to identify compounds that enhance ACE2 activity using a novel conformation-based ...
Avital Shmuel - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have reported on the effects of pneumoperitoneum in a rat model, using a wide range of intra-abdominal pressures. The correlation between pneumoperitoneal pressures in rodents to pressures in humans has not been established. This study evaluates changes in various physiological parameters in different pneumoperitoneum pressures in the ...
Ruiz Antonio - - 2008
The objective of this study was to re-examine whether the effect of the nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), on blood pressure depends on peripheral vascular tone. The effects of L-NAME (10 mg/kg, i.v.) on diastolic blood pressure (DBP), systolic blood pressure (SBP), pulse pressure (PP) and heart ...
Shidyak, Amjad
We have reported that rats subjected to partial nephrectomy (PNx) or administration of marinobufagenin (MBG) developed an increase in blood pressure, heart size, diastolic dysfunction, and cardiac fibrosis. Spironolactone (S) has been demonstrated to attenuate cardiac fibrosis in both experimental animals and humans with heart failure. We investigated the effects ...
Kang Hyung-Sub - - 2008
Bee venom (BV) has been used in Oriental medicine to treat inflammatory diseases, such as tendonitis, bursitis, and rheumatoid arthritis, despite the sensitivity of the victims and toxicity of the venom. This study examined the mechanisms for the effects of BV on the cardiovascular system in rats. The arterial pressure ...
Peters Barbara - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Prorenin has been associated with cardiovascular disease and the development of glomerulosclerosis via a renin/prorenin receptor. In cyp1a1ren-2 transgenic rats, prorenin levels and arterial pressure can be increased by oral administration of indole-3-carbinol (I3C). The transgenic strain has been used as a model of malignant hypertension. METHODS: The present ...
Miyazawa Noriko - - 2008
In this study, we examined the effects of Pleurotus nebrodensis on systolic blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Single-dose and continuous-dose tests with sample diets made from the fruit body of the mushroom, P. nebrodensis were carried out on SHR and control rats. Sample diets included 6% dry powder of ...
Antonov P - - 2008
Viscoelastic characteristics (VEC) of old rat aorta (Wistar, 10 months) were obtained by sinusoidal excitation of intraluminal pressure (p) in cylindrical arterial preparations. The pressure excitation frequency (f(exc)) was swept in the range 3-30 Hz up and down at several mean-pressure levels while response volume oscillations were recorded and resonance ...
Adrian Marcus - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to show whether long-term moderate magnesium (Mg)-deficient (150 mg/kg) and Mg-supplemented (3200 mg/kg) diets (versus control diet: 800 mg/kg), modified the occurrence of cardiovascular risk induced by aging in the rat. METHODS: Cardiovascular and arterial functions were determined by a systemic hemodynamic study and by ...
Qin Xu-Ping - - 2007
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), the predominant neurotransmitter in capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves, is a potent vasodilator and inhibits proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. Previous investigations have demonstrated that the hypotensive effect of rutaecarpine (Rut) is associated to stimulation of CGRP synthesis and release via activation of the vanilloid receptor subtype ...
Bourque Stephane L - - 2008
Perinatal iron deficiency (PID) has been reported to induce developmental abnormalities, including cardiovascular complications in rats. These complications are believed to be "programmed" by an aberrant perinatal environment because the changes persist long after the insult is corrected (ie, despite subsequent iron replenishment). Little is known about the mechanisms by ...
Song Dongzhe - - 2008
Cardiac contractile dysfunction is a common occurrence in type 2 diabetes. The aim was to examine if inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) causes cardiac dysfunction in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats, a model of type 2 diabetes. ZDF and Zucker lean control rats (20 week old) were studied at 6 ...
Wang Xiao-Fang - - 2007
1. The present study was designed to examine the cardiovascular effects of intravenously administered pcDNA3.1AM, a recombinant non-virus vector carrying a rat adrenomedullin (AM) gene translation fragment, in rats with chronic cardiac dysfunction induced by ligation of the left descending coronary artery. 2. Haemodynamic parameters were recorded by intraventricular catheterization. ...
Petersson Maria - - 2007
Oxytocin induces a long-lasting reduction of blood pressure in rats. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of an acute stressor on blood pressure and heart rate in rats previously exposed to repeated administration of intracerebroventricular (ICV) oxytocin. For this purpose oxytocin (0.3 microg, ICV) was ...
Wen Chengping - - 2007
We have evaluated the effects of an alcohol extract from the rhizome of Corydalis yanhusuo W. T. (CY), a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal herb, on pressure-overloaded cardiac hypertrophy induced by transverse abdominal aorta constriction (TAAC) in rats. Rats were given vehicle or CY extract (200 or 50 mg kg(-1) per ...
Duale Hanad - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The role of A2 noradrenergic neurons in regulating cardiovascular homeostasis chronically is poorly understood. We aimed to genetically target A2 neurons and induce expression of a potassium channel to reduce their electrical excitability and study how this impacts on long-term blood pressure control. METHODS: We used a lentiviral vector ...
Käll Erika - - 2007
Altered serotonin signaling has been implicated in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) improve IBS symptoms, although the mechanism of action remains unclear. We assessed the effects of the SSRI, citalopram, on colonic sensitivity and compliance in rats after acute and repeated administration. Colorectal ...
Yoopan Nattaporn - - 2007
Andrographis paniculata has been widely used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of common cold, diarrhea and hypertension. The three major active diterpenoids are andrographolide (AP1), 14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide (AP3) and neoandrographolide (AP4). It has been reported that AP3 has hypotensive and vasorelaxation effects. However, there is only limited information on ...
Li Bao-Feng - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of exposure to electromagnetic pulses (EMP) on functional indices of the cardiovascular system in male Sprague-Dawley rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A tapered parallel plate Gigahertz Transverse Electromagnetic cell (GTEM cell) with a flared rectangular coaxial transmission line was used to expose the rats to EMP ...
Pérez Hernán - - 2007
The effects of intracoerulear CRH and intraparaventricular prazosin on systolic pressure, diastolic pressure and heart rate were studied in prenatally malnourished hypertensive rats. At day 40 of life, (i) malnourished rats showed enhanced systolic pressure, heart rate, and plasma corticosterone; (ii) intracoerulear CRH increased systolic pressure and heart rate only ...
Shi Xiao-Lian - - 2007
The cerebrovascular remodeling is a prominent feature of hypertension and considered a major risk factor for stroke. Cerebrovascular smooth muscle cells meet volume challenge during this pathophysiological process. Our previous studies suggest that volume regulated chloride channels may be critical to the cell cycle of vascular smooth muscle cells. However, ...
Jiang Xing - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the ouabain's effects on cardiac remodeling in rats. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with ouabain. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was recorded weekly. After 4 and 6 weeks, echocardiography were performed, hemodynamic parameters were measured by invasive cardiac catheterization, changes in cardiac ultrastructure were analyzed using transmission ...
Yamazato Masanobu - - 2007
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a relay point that provides supraspinal excitatory input to sympathetic preganglionic neurons in the regulation of blood pressure. The importance of the RVLM is further highlighted by observations that an increase of RVLM sensitivity to angiotensin II and enhanced sympathetic activity are associated with ...
Garg Puneet - - 2007
Studies in rat aorta have shown that the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter NKCC1 is activated by vasoconstrictors and inhibited by nitrovasodilators, contributes to smooth muscle tone in vitro, and is upregulated in hypertension. To determine the role of NKCC1 in systemic vascular resistance and hypertension, blood pressure was measured in rats before ...
R.G. Belemtougri
The present study was done to evaluate the hypotensive properties and the mechanisms action of the leaf aqueous extract in anaesthetized normotensive rats through a direct blood pressure measurement. The results showed that the extract caused a dose dependent fall in mean arterial pressure. Bilateral vagotomy did not abolished the ...
Kalaitzis Christos - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the role of the eicosanoids prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), 6-keto-prostaglandin F(1a) (PGF(1a)) and thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)) in the maintenance of two-kidney, one-clip renovascular hypertension in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The right renal artery was constricted by a silver clip in 63 male Sprague-Dawley rats to induce hypertension, while ...
Eftekhari Ashkan - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We investigated whether the tissue transglutaminase inhibitor cystamine is able to inhibit remodelling of small arteries in vivo, a possibility suggested by recent in vitro experiments. METHODS: Using osmotic minipumps, phenylephrine, cystamine and/or amlodipine were infused for 1-2 weeks into 9-week-old Wistar rats. Small arteries were then removed for ...
Faraco Fatima Neves - - 2007
The purpose of the present study is to determine the cardiovascular effects produced by intravascular injection of 2% lidocaine with 20 microg/mL of norepinephrine on systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressures and heart rate of rats at the following times: control period, during the injection (first 15 seconds), during the ...
Scott K R - - 2006
Activation of parathyroid hormone 1 (PTH-1) receptors on vascular smooth muscle cells causes relaxation and decreases blood pressure in rats and humans. However, when PTH(1-84) and PTH(1-34) were injected in anesthetized rats, PTH(1-34) produced a greater decrease in blood pressure. This study quantified the dose-response relationship of the hypotensive response ...
Aleksić T - - 2006
The product of FeSOD activity is hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Furthermore, FeSOD can modify the chemical versatility of NO into its redox-active forms: nitrosonium cation (NO+) and nitroxyl anion (NO-). All of these low molecular weight species are vasoactive and, in particular, NO- induces calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) synthesis (known to ...
Kaczmarczyk-Sedlak Ilona - - 2006
Menopausal women display changes in the osseous tissue (osteoporosis, pathologic fractures) and disorders in the function of cardiovascular system (hypertension, cardiovascular disease, arteriosclerosis, calcification). Additionally, interdependence was observed between the loss of osseous tissue and disordered circulation, but the mechanism of the interdependence has never been fully recognized. In order ...
Doe Chris - - 2007
Increased Rho kinase (ROCK) activity contributes to smooth muscle contraction and regulates blood pressure homeostasis. We hypothesized that potent and selective ROCK inhibitors with novel structural motifs would help elucidate the functional role of ROCK and further explore the therapeutic potential of ROCK inhibition for hypertension. In this article, we ...
Yanai Kazuhiro - - 2006
Tienchi ginseng tea was prepared from stems and leaves of Tienchi ginseng which is a special product in China. The increase in systolic blood pressure (SBP) was significantly inhibited by the consumption of a 4% this tea solution as drinking water from the prehypertensive stage (6 weeks of age) in ...
Rybczynska Apolonia - - 2006
Secretion of parathormone (PTH), the main parathyroid hormone, which is under the control of the calcium sensing receptor, might be inhibited by calcimimetics and stimulated by calcilytics. Parathyroid glands also secrete parathyroid hypertensive factor. Recently, it was shown that calcimimetic NPS R-568 induced decreased blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats ...
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