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Results 151 - 200 of 1528
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Santini Mario M Thoracic Surgery Unit, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy - - 2014
Objective. To evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of LigaSure Forced Triad to create intestinal anastomosis in an ex vivo porcino model. Methods. Colon samples (n = 100) were prospectively randomized into 2 groups: LigaSure group (n = 90) and Stapler group (n = 10). The LigaSure group was divided ...
Nargesi Arash A AA Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Vali-Asr Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
The authors aimed to quantify end-digit and threshold biases in blood pressure (BP) measurement with manual and digital sphygmomanometers. In a 3-year follow-up, end-digit and threshold biases were investigated and a new index, called the deviation index, was used to quantify measurement bias. The distribution of systolic and diastolic BPs ...
Duncan Michael J MJ Department of Biomolecular and Sports Science, Coventry University, Coventry, West Midlands, United - - 2014
This study examined the utility of the Ruiz et al. cut-points when examining body mass index (BMI) and resting blood pressure in young people. Two hundred fifty-six children (154 girls and 102 boys) aged 7-16 years underwent assessment of BMI, physical maturation, resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood ...
Sarkar Srimanta S GEA-NUS Pharmaceutical Processing Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, 18 Science Drive, 117543, - - 2014
This study investigated the influence of different disintegrants, present in different substrate physical forms, on dimensional recovery of multi-component tablets prepared at different compression pressures. Formulations containing model drug, metformin, (10%, w/w), different disintegrants (10%, w/w), and lactose (80%, w/w) were compressed directly or after granulation using polyvinyl pyrrolidone (1%, ...
Chinapaw Mai Jm - - 2014
Evidence on the association between different screen behaviours and cardiometabolic biomarkers in children is limited. We examined the independent relationship of TV time and PC time with cardiometabolic biomarkers in Dutch 5-6 year old children. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted December 2012-March 2013 using data from a multi-ethnic cohort (the ABCD ...
Moustafa Moustafa Abdelaziz MA Department of Anaesthesia, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine, by fiberoptic endoscope, malpositioning of the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) and other extraglottic devices. Prospective study. University-affiliated medical center. 60 adult, ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients, aged 20 - 60 years, scheduled to undergo ophthalmic procedures with general anesthesia during controlled ventilation via LMA (Laryseal). Adequacy ...
Wahidunnabi Abdullahil K AK UBC Bioreactor Technology Group, School of Engineering, University of British Columbia, Okanagan Campus, 3333 University Way, Kelowna, BC V1V 1V7, - - 2014
This study compared advanced anaerobic digestion combining two-phased anaerobic digestion (2PAD) with high pressure homogenization (HPH) pretreatment to conventional anaerobic digestion of municipal sludge at laboratory scale. The study began with examination of thickened waste activated sludge (TWAS) solubilization due to HPH pretreatment at different pressure (0-12,000 psi) and chemical dose ...
Manzano Francisco F Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, C/Avenida de las Fuerzas Armadas, 2, 18014, Granada, Spain, - - 2014
The objective was to compare the effectiveness of repositioning every 2 or 4 h for preventing pressure ulcer development in patients in intensive care unit under mechanical ventilation (MV). This was a pragmatic, open-label randomized clinical trial in consecutive patients on an alternating pressure air mattress (APAM) requiring invasive MV for at ...
Salom-Moreno Jaime J Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Spain; Professor, Cátedra de Investigación y Docencia en Fisioterapia: Terapia Manual y Punción Seca, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Madrid, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of deep dry needling (DDN) on spasticity, pressure sensitivity, and plantar pressure in patients who have had stroke. A randomized controlled trial was conducted. Thirty-four patients who previously had a stroke were randomly assigned either an experimental group that received ...
Thiyagarajan Ramkumar R Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, - - 2014
High blood pressure (BP) is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease morbidity. Considering the growing evidence of nonpharmacological interventions in the management of high BP, we designed a randomized, parallel active-controlled study on the effect of yoga and standard lifestyle modification (LSM) on BP and heart rate in individuals ...
Ishizuka Tomohito T Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen - - 2014
Effects of intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) on cardiopulmonary function were evaluated in horses anesthetized with total intravenous anesthesia using constant rate infusions of medetomidine (3.5 µg/kg/hr), lidocaine (3 mg/kg/hr), butorphanol (24 µg/kg/hr) and propofol (0.1 mg/kg/min) (MLBP-TIVA). Five horses were anesthetized twice using MLBP-TIVA with or without IPPV at ...
Smith P P Department of Anaesthetics, Great Ormond Street Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
We performed a review of published literature comparing the i-gel(™) with other supraglottic airway devices in children. Sixty-two articles were identified following a literature search; we included data from 14 randomised controlled trials and eight observational studies that compared i-gel sizes 1-2.5 with other commonly used, equivalently-sized, devices. The primary ...
Kotanko Peter P Renal Research Institute, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mortality rates in dialysis patients are as high as 20% per year. Recent epidemiologic evidence indicates common patterns in biological and clinical indicators before death. Blood pressure, serum albumin levels, C-reactive protein, body weight, and other indicators change, at a population level, at an accelerated rate of change months before ...
Elixmann Inga M - - 2014
Hydrocephalus is characterized by an excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Therapeutically, an artificial pressure relief valve (so-called shunt) is implanted which opens in case of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) and drains CSF into another body compartment. Today, available shunts are of a mechanical nature and drainage depends on the ...
Kheirabadi Bijan S BS From the US Army Institute of Surgical Research, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, - - 2014
Groin application of Combat Ready Clamp (CRoC) in pigs elicits an acute inflammation in underlying ischemic tissues. This study examined functional recovery of pigs' hind leg(s) following 2 hours of CRoC application. Left femoral arteries were isolated and injured in anesthetized pigs. Following 25% hemorrhage, CRoC was applied on the ...
Nakano Shintaro S Department of Cardiology, International Medical Centre, Saitama Medical University, Japan - - 2014
Adaptive servo-ventilation has a potential sympathoinhibitory effect in acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema (ACPO). To evaluate the acute effects of adaptive servo-ventilation in patients with ACPO. Fifty-eight consecutive patients with ACPO were divided into those who underwent adaptive servo-ventilation and those who received oxygen therapy alone as part of their immediate ...
Rezende Daniel Tavares DT Department of Surgery, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
The upper esophageal sphincter is composed of striated muscle. The stress of intubation and the need to inhibit dry swallows during an esophageal manometry test may lead to variations in basal pressure of this sphincter. Upper esophageal sphincter is usually only studied at the final part of the test. Was ...
Park Kyung Hee KH Kyung Hee Park, PhD, RN, CWOCN, KGNP, Director of Samsung Medical Center International Wound Ostomy Continence Nursing Educational Program, Department of Nursing, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, South - - 2014
We measured the effect of a silicone border foam dressing on the development of pressure ulcers (PUs) and incontinence-associated dermatitis in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Nonrandomized comparison cohort (quasi-experimental) study. One hundred and two patients (>40 years of age) with a Braden Scale score of 16 or less who ...
Ripley Lindsay L Dallas VA Medical Center (111A), 4500 South Lancaster Road, Dallas, TX 75216 USA. - - 2014
To determine the impact of music intervention on endothelial function, hemodynamics, and patient anxiety before, during, and after cardiac catheterization. The effect of music therapy during cardiac catheterization on endothelial function and patient satisfaction has received limited study. Seventy patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization were randomized to music therapy (n=36) ...
Hegarty-Craver M M North Carolina State University, Raleigh, - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to provide a definition for interface compression that uses essential principles of engineering science. This definition discusses factors that influence the amount of applied pressure, including the size of the limb, the amount of fabric tension (graduated pressure profile), the number of layers, and ...
Aqil Mansoor M Mansoor Aqil, FCPS, Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology (41), College of Medicine, King Saud University, Consultant Anesthetist, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
To compare hemodynamic stress response (HDSR) to ET intubation using Glidescope (GLS) and Flexible fiberoptic laryngoscope (FFB). This prospective randomized comparative study was conducted at King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from June 2011 - November 2013. Eighty ASA 1 & 2 patients with normal airway ...
Nasajiyan Nozar N Nozar Nasajiyan MD, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anesthesiology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Pain Research Center, Ahvaz, - - 2014
Background and Objective : Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is the main concern for 40-70% of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Our objective was to compare carbon dioxide gas at low pressure and standard pressure for the occurrence of PONV on patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This double- blind trial was conducted ...
Liu Songqiao S Department of Critical Care Medicine, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, - - 2014
High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) allows for small tidal volumes at mean airway pressures (mPaw) above that of conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV), but the effect of HFOV on hemodynamics, oxygen metabolism, and tissue perfusion in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains unclear. We investigated the effects of HFOV and CMV in ...
Ji M M Department of Neurology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. - - 2014
Blood pressure variation is one of the factors that affects the risk of stroke recurrence and prognosis. This study investigates the effects of calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers on blood pressure variability in severe ischemic stroke patients. The clinical data of 24 patients with ischemic stroke in our intensive care ...
Petraglia Carmen A - - 2014
It is not known whether significant differences in the glenohumeral center of pressure and contact pressure exist between surface replacement arthroplasty and hemiarthroplasty compared with the native joint. Twelve fresh-frozen cadaveric shoulders were dissected free of soft tissue, and the joint capsule was removed. The scapula was potted with the ...
Park Junbeom J Division of Cardiology and Radiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, - - 2014
WE INVESTIGATED ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC PREDICTORS: left ventricular (LV) geometric changes following aortic valve replacement (AVR) according to the late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and preserved LV systolic function. We analyzed 41 patients (24 males, 63.1±8.7 years) with preserved LV ...
Kim Ha Yeon HY Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The apnea test (AT) is essential to confirming the diagnosis of brain death, but critical complications can occur if the AT is maintained over a long period. To minimize the AT period, we used end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) monitoring because ETCO2 is closely correlated with partial pressure of arterial carbon ...
Kim Hyun Jung HJ Department of Pediatrics, Eulji Universitiy School of Medicine, Daejeon, - - 2014
Although high morning blood pressure (BP) is known to be associated with the onset of cardiovascular events in adults, data on its effects in children with hypertension are limited. Our retrospective study aimed to define the clinical characteristics of children with morning hypertension (MH) and to determine its associated factors. ...
Hosalli Vinod V Associate Professor, Affiliated to Department of Anesthesiology, S N Medical College , Bagalkot, Karnataka India - - 2014
This study was conducted to determine an effective bolus dose of fentanyl, which would attenuate the cardiovascular response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. A randomised double blind controlled study was carried out on 50 healthy adult patients (ASA I and II) undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia. The patients were ...
Yousefi Hojatollah H Department of Adult Health Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Most of the patients admitted in the intensive care units (ICUs) require an endotracheal tube and mechanical ventilation. In order to clear and maintain patency of the airways, endotracheal suctioning is required. Therefore, the least detrimental way of endotracheal tube suctioning which can diminish the complications should be selected. The ...
Franco Andrea Mbv - - 2014
the pressure-to-cornea index (PCI) was proposed in order to integrate intraocular pressure and central cornea thickness as a single-risk factor for glaucoma. The purpose of this study was to correlate the PCI with a structural and two functional measures of glaucoma. University Hospital in South America. Pressure-to-cornea index was calculated ...
Porębska Małgorzata M Department and Clinic of Cardiology, Wroclaw Medical University, - - 2014
Endothelial damage is the key factor in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. Regular physical activity exerts beneficial direct and indirect effects on, among others, cardiovascular system, locomotor system, lipids, carbohydrate and hormonal balance, maintenance of a proper body weight as well as immunological system. The aim of the study included evaluating the ...
Kaysoydu Erdal E Department of Chest Disease, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by inhaled particles and gases inducing chronic inflammation of the airways accompanied by a not fully reversible airflow limitation. Systemic inflammation has an important role in the pathogenesis of COPD. In parallel, several comorbidites can be observed. Microalbuminuria is related to endothelial dysfunction. Microalbuminuria was ...
Yong-Yan Song S Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory,West China School of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University,Chengdu 610041,China; Department of Biochemistry,School of Preclinical Medicine,North Sichuan Medical College,Nanchong,Sichuan - - 2014
Objective To investigate the possible effects of apolipoprotein A1 gene (APOA1) rs670 and rs5069 polymorphisms on plasma lipid profiles in healthy adolescents with different body mass index (BMI). Methods Totally 723 adolescents were divided into four groups according to their BMI:group 1[BMI=(17.80±0.75)kg/m2],group 2[BMI=(19.39±0.32) kg/m2],group 3[BMI=(20.68±0.43) kg/m2],and group 4[BMI=(23.40±2.05) kg/m2]. Height,weight,waist ...
Hamahata Atsumori A Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Saitama Cancer Center, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Assessment of tongue function following tongue reconstruction is important to evaluate patient status. To assess tongue function in patients who had undergone tongue reconstruction, the surgical team used a simple, hand-held tongue pressure measurement device to measure tongue power. Tongue power of 30 patients (25 males, 5 females; average age: ...
Dybowski Bartosz B Department of Urology, Medical University of Warsaw, - - 2014
Results of urodynamic studies performed in female patients are often difficult to interpret. The objective of the study was to develop a nomogram that would help in diagnosing functional bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in neurologically intact women with any kind of lower urinary tract symptoms. From the urodynamic database adult ...
Campo Rebecca A RA Program on Integrative Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB# 7200, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7200, USA, - - 2014
Older cancer survivors are a vulnerable population due to an increased risk for chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease) compounded with treatment late-effects and declines in physical functioning. Therefore, interventions that reduce chronic disease risk factors (i.e., blood pressure, chronic inflammation, and cortisol) are important in this population. Tai chi chih ...
Liu Xiaoxia X Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Laiwu People's Hospital, Laiwu, China; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinical Medicine Academy of Taishan Medical University, Taian, - - 2014
To explore the effects of different types of hysterectomy on lower extremity venous pressure. Ninety-nine patients with benign uterine diseases who were indicated for hysterectomy were included in the present prospective study. Patients were divided into three groups according to their preferences: (i) total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) group (n = 36); (ii) ...
Shih Andre C AC Department of Large Animal, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
To evaluate the cardiopulmonary effects of low-pressure (6 mmHg) peritoneal insufflation of varying duration in healthy cats during ovariectomy (OVE). Prospective, randomized study. Female cats (n = 24). After anesthesia induction, cats had short (Short LAP; n = 8) or long duration (Long LAP; n = 8) laparoscopic ovariectomy, or Open OVE (Open; n = 8) for comparison. Hemodynamic ...
Wang Shou-Sen - - 2014
The causes of dural arteriovenous fistula have not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of dural arteriovenous fistula formation induced by high intracranial venous pressure using a rabbit model. By using rabbit model, dural arteriovenous fistula formation induced by high intracranial venous pressure ...
McManus Richard J RJ National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) School for Primary Care Research, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United - - 2014
Self-monitoring of blood pressure with self-titration of antihypertensives (self-management) results in lower blood pressure in patients with hypertension, but there are no data about patients in high-risk groups. To determine the effect of self-monitoring with self-titration of antihypertensive medication compared with usual care on systolic blood pressure among patients with ...
Bangalore Sripal S Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
The 2014 Eighth Joint National Committee panel recommendations for management of high blood pressure (BP) recommend a systolic BP threshold for initiation of drug therapy and a therapeutic target of <150 mm Hg in those ≥60 years of age, a departure from prior recommendations of <140 mm Hg. However, it is not known ...
Attizzani Guilherme F GF Division of Cardiology, Ferrarotto Hospital, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; Department of Interventional Cardiology, Pitangueiras Hospital, Jundiai, SP, Brazil; Harrington Heart and Vascular Institute, University Hospitals, Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Objectives: We performed systematic optical coherence tomography (OCT) analyses after BVS implantation in a "real world" setting aiming at evaluating scaffold expansion and longitudinal integrity. Background: A comprehensive elucidation of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds´ (BVS) acute performance in the "real-world" setting is lacking Methods: Acute BVS expansion compared with compliance chart ...
Nakajima Kanako K Department of Human Life and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Humanities and Science, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Hip fracture in the elderly is a serious problem, and solutions to prevent falls are needed. This study focused on elucidating data critical to fall prevention by evaluating ambulatory function, and we achieved this by developing a plantar pressure measurement device to determine gait function. Our device enables measurement of ...
Akoumianaki Evangelia E Intensive Care Medicine Department, University Hospital of Heraklion, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, - - 2014
To compare, in a group of difficult to wean critically ill patients, the short-term effects of neurally adjusted ventilator assist (NAVA), proportional assist (PAV+) and pressure support (PSV) ventilation on patient-ventilator interaction. Methods: Seventeen patients were studied during NAVA, PAV+ and PSV with and without artificial increase in ventilator demands ...
Gong Yuhua Y Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College, Huhehot, Inner Mongolia, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate pressure waveform-guided epidural catheter placement (PWEP) and its effect in clinical practice. Single-center, prospective cohort study. University teaching hospital. 3,326 patients undergoing thoracic, abdominal, and lower limb surgery. 1,614 underwent PWEP and 1,664 had the loss-of-resistance (LOR) technique. Anesthesia success and catheter replacement-related complications were recorded. The specificity ...
Paleville Daniela Terson de DT Department of Health and Sport - - 2014
This case-controlled clinical study was undertaken to investigate to what extent pulmonary function in individuals with chronic Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is affected by posture. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1), Maximal Inspiratory Pressure (PImax) and Maximal Expiratory Pressure (PEmax) were obtained from 27 individuals ...
Villalba María M Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Complutense, Avda. Puerta de Hierro s/n 28040, Madrid, - - 2014
The aim of this investigation was to determine the isoflurane-sparing effect and impact on arterial blood pressure and anaesthetic recovery of a constant rate infusion of medetomidine-propofol in horses. In a prospective, crossover, randomised study, six healthy horses (mean ± SD age, 13.7 ± 7.7 years; weight, 433 ± 51 kg) were anaesthetised twice with isoflurane and ...
Bolger Darren D School of Applied Physiology, Georgia Institute of Technology, 555 14th Street NW, Atlanta, GA 30318, United - - 2014
Deficits in balance control are one of the most common and serious mobility challenges facing individuals with lower limb loss. Yet, dynamic postural balance control among individuals with lower limb loss remains poorly understood. Here we examined the kinematics and kinetics of dynamic balance in individuals with unilateral transtibial limb ...
Aguero Jaume J Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai - - 2014
In pulmonary hypertension (PH), right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and failure is the main determinant of a poor prognosis. We aimed to characterize RV structural and functional differences during adaptive RV remodeling and progression to RV failure in a large animal model of chronic PH. Postcapillary PH was created surgically in ...
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